機会あるごとに慣れておきたい英語長文問題。
2009年公立高校前期の実際の入試問題を使って、長文問題を解く練習をしましょう。

まず、長文をいくつかに区切って、(注)と(参考)を入れてあります。
(注)は最初から問題に書かれていた注釈で、(参考)は文法的に、あるいは連語として重要なものを私が書き出しました。


一通り文章を通読した後、もう一度問題文を掲載してありますので実際の問題として解いてみてください。


次は、中学生の一郎(Ichiro)が英語の授業で行ったスピーチの原稿です。英文を読んで、あとの問いに答えなさい。

 
I'm a member of the brass band club and I play the trumpet. One day, when we finished practicing, the teacher, Ms. Aoki, said to us, “Do you know that Melbourne in Australia is our sister city? Their City Brass Band will come to our city next month. Some of the members will visit our school, and we'll play together.” It was my first time to play music with people from another country. So, I had two different feelings.

(注)brass band:吹奏楽団 Melbourne:メルボルン sister city:姉妹都市(交流している都市) feeling思い、気持ち 

(参考)a member of (連語)〜の一員、one day (連語)ある日、finish 〜ing 〜をし終ったとき(finish の後は〜ing) 、Do you know that〜 〜ということを知っていますか?(接続詞のthat)、some of 〜 〜の何人かは、〜する人もいる、my first time to 〜 〜する最初の機会(不定詞の形容詞的用法)

I was happy to hear I could meet them and play music together. But I worried because I could not speak English well.

(参考)I was happy to hear 〜 〜を聞いてうれしかった(不定詞の副詞的用法)、I was happy to hear I could 〜 I could 〜の前に本来あるはずの接続詞that が省略されています

 The day came. Five members from the City Brass Band joined us in the music room. When we first played music with them, I was very nervous. I didn't enjoy
the trumpet. I didn't think our band played well. After playing with the members, we started to practice together.

(注)nervous:緊張して

(参考)after playing 演奏した後(前置詞 after の後に動詞がくるときは ing 形です)、start to practice 練習をし始める(不定詞の名詞的用法)

When we were practicing, one of them stood up. He said to me, “Why don't you try to breathe like this?” With a smile, he showed me how to do it. The members were very kind and tried to tell us many other things about music. I could understand what they wanted to say they sometimes used gestures. I stopped feeling nervous. We practiced with them for thirty minutes. After that, we played music together again and we played better.

(注)breathe:呼吸する、息継ぎをする、gesture:身ぶり

(参考)Why don't you 〜 なぜ〜しないのですか、〜したらどうですか、〜しましょう、like this このように、With a smile (連語)ほほえんで、show 〜に・・・を見せる、how to 〜 〜のしかた、try to 〜 〜しようとする(不定詞の名詞的用法)、what they wanted to say 何を彼らが言いたいか(間接疑問文)、stop feeling 感じるのをやめる( stop の次にくる動詞は ing 形)
 

 Through this, I learned that music brings people together. I think playing music together is a good way to become friends with people from different countries.
 Thank you.


(注)bring〜together:〜をうちとけさせる

(参考)Through this このことを通して、I learned that 〜 〜ということを学んだ(接続詞の that )、I think 〜 〜と思う(thinkの後に接続詞thatが省略)、playing music 音楽を演奏すること(playingは動名詞)、good way to 〜 〜するよい方法(不定詞の形容詞的用法)、become friends with (連語)友だちになる


実際の問題形式

次は、中学生の一郎(Ichiro)が英語の授業で行ったスピーチの原稿です。英文を読んで、あとの問いに答えなさい。

 I'm a member of the brass band club and I play the trumpet. One day, when we finished practicing, the teacher, Ms. Aoki, said to us, “Do you know that Melbourne in Australia is our sister city? Their City Brass Band will come to our city next month. Some of the members will visit our school, and we'll play together.” It was my first time to play music with people from another country. So, I had two different feelings.
I was happy to hear I could meet them and play music together. But I worried because I could not speak English well.
 The day came. Five members from the City Brass Band joined us in the music room. When we first played music with them, I was very nervous. I didn't enjoy the trumpet. I didn't think our band played well. After playing with the members, we started to practice together. When we were practicing, one of them stood up. He said to me, "Why don't you try to breathe like this?" With a smile, he showed me how to do it. The members were very kind and tried to tell us many other things about music. I could understand what they wanted to say they sometimes used gestures. I stopped feeling nervous. We practiced with them for thirty minutes. After that, we played music together again and we played better.

 Through this, I learned that music brings people together. I think playing music together is a good way to become friends with people from different countries.
 Thank you.

(注)brass band:吹奏楽団 Melbourne:メルボルン sister city:姉妹都市(交流している都市) feeling:思い、気持ち nervous:緊張して breathe:呼吸する、息継ぎをする gesture:身ぶり bring〜together :〜をうちとけさせる


(1)本文中のTwo different feelings が表している内容は何ですか。具体的に60字程度の日本語で書きなさい。


(2)次のうち、本文中のに入れるのに最も適しているものはどれですか。一つ選び、記号を書きなさい。

ア play
イ played
ウ playing
エ to play

(3)次のうち、本文中のに入れるのに最も適しているものはどれですか。一つ選び、記号を書きなさい。

ア because
イ during
ウ so
エ that

(4)本文中のが、「彼らと一緒に演奏することは私にとってわくわくすることでした。」という内容になるように、次の〔 〕内の語を並べかえて解答欄に英語を書き入れ、英文を完成しなさい。

It〔 me for to exciting was 〕play with them.

(5)次のうち、本文で述べられている内容と合うものはどれですか。一つ選び、記号を書きなさい。
 
ア One day, Ichiro heard about the City Brass Band when he just started practicing.
イ Ichiro's sister lives in Melbourne in Australia, and she came back to her town in Japan.
ウ Ichiro asked the members from the City Brass Band to show him how to breathe well.
エ After practicing with the City Brass Band's members, Ichiro's band played music better.


解答

(1)オーストラリアの人々に会って一緒に音楽を演奏できると聞いてうれしいが、英語をうまく話せないので心配であるということ。

(講師から一言:問いの答えに当たる部分を本文中から探し、その部分をきちんと訳しなさいという問題です。だいたいの雰囲気で答えを作らないように注意しましょう。)


(2)ウ

(講師から一言:enjoy(〜して楽しむ)は、後に動詞がくるときは必ず ing 形になる代表的な語です。本文中に、同じ仲間の finish 〜ing 、stop 〜ing が出ています。)

(3)ア

(講師から一言:接続詞の意味を考えたら because しかありません。)

(4)was exciting for me to

(講師から一言:「〜が・・・することは〜だ」の構文、It is 〜 for ・・・ to 〜 に当てはめれば簡単です。)

(5)エ

(講師から一言:文章全体を正確に読み取っておかないと解けません。折にふれて長文を数多く読み、速く読めるようになっておくことです。)


この問題で出題された重要事項

1、連語
2、不定詞の用法
3、接続詞の用法
4、ing 形を目的語にとる動詞
5、動名詞