ˡ̳ޥ󥵥ХХ

ˡ̳濴ȤˡΧ˴ؤܡȥԥåΤҲ̤ơХХʻ뤹٤ƤΥӥͥѡ˹׸֥

ץ饤Х

ܡۡإꥫץ饤Хˡ— ƹץ饤Хݸۤȸ


GoogleAppleFacebookAmazon...ȡƹ񻺤ޤΥ֥ӥѤƤˤ⤫餺ץ饤ХˡΤȤȤʤFTC3׷COPPAξ̤餤ʬäƤʤʻΤ褦ʼԤΤƤ褦ܡ


ꥫץ饤Хˡ: ϢˮѰˡ
ꥹ աեʥ
Ҧ˼
2018-08-31



ƹץ饤ХˡˤĤƤϡ˥롦֤Υ꡼ɤ塢˽񤫤줿ƥȤϼ˼ޤ̳εΥϱ󤯡̡ȽɤǤƤƬäƤǡäȳؽˡ˺äƤޤäơEUGDPRܷޤˤʤäưʹߤΥץ饤ХĬήϡ֤ͽ¬ƤΤ礭졢ʬȤγؽεƻɬⴶϤƤȤǤ

ܽϡFTCϢˮѰˤˤץ饤ХܹԤΥ饤˱äơƹˤץ饤ХˡȯŸˤȸβ⤹ܤǤäơ1980ǯȾΡFTCץ饤ХݸȤ礭ª뤳ȤˤʤäƤˤ濴ȤƤޤϡܤǽǤƹץ饤Хˡ˴ؤ¿νҡƤץ饤ХεȤʤä֥ʸʹߤΥץ饤ХˤˤĤƸ뤳Ȥ򤷤ʤʤǤƤʤˤΤȤоŪǤξҲ˽餺ӥͥؤƤϤˤäƤɤΤ褦ʥϥ졼󤬵ƤΤʴ򶯤ռƽ񤫤Ƥޤ

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ޤǽϤˤ6ϤǤϡ֥ץ饤ХιŪȤߡפꤷǶEUǤץ饤Х˿줿ǡEUˡƹˡȤξͤˤ⿨ޤ

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ʤȤäƤܽħϥХꡢֻ˰夻ʪפȸäƤ褤Ǥ礦ȤСǶä˵ޤäƤɥƥȳäFacebookΤ褦ʥץåȥեޡ䡢DMPʤɡˤ־֥ײƤ뤳ȤФƤΰ顣

֥뤿ˡΧϡŪԲǽǤ롥ͳΰüϡ¿Ȥ——ơȼȤ——̱˴ؤǡѤ뤿ᡤ֥ѤƤ롤Ȥ¤˵롥P4

ĤǤϡƸ饤ץ饤Хݸˡ̾COPPAαѼ֤ˤĤƤΰ

Ŀͤ˴ؤ˴ؤŪѤ˴ؤƤޤǡE᡼ȤϲפȤǤƱդȤ뤳ȤƱ׷ȤFTCε٤ϡʤʤΤ롥̤ȤơȤCOPPA׷򤹤٤ƼफޤҤɤ⤿ӥѤƤʤȤե򤹤뤫Τɤ餫ȤʤäƤޤäƤ롥P97

ޤΥȤʸˤƤޤäƤ褫äǤ礦ʾСˤȡɤǤ뤳餬夺򤷤Ƥޤۤɡ¾ˡΧǤϥ֥顼Ȥޤ줿ʤˡӥͥˤ̳ƤϤ᤿Ȥ˴ֵפˤĤơޤǥХФȸڤƤޤܤϡܤˡΧǤʤʤܤˤ뤳ȤϤǤޤ

ϡǯEU̥ǡݸ§٤Ǥ줿ФεܲܤθĿ;ݸˡˤ̤۰Ϻ餬ôƤޤɤߤ䤹ƤǤʤԲȤơܽǤϾʤ줿˸Part13ޤǤ׻ݤˤޤȤƤʤɡǫʤŻ򤷤ƤΤʬޤ

Ϣˮˡ١βǤꡢǶˤʤäե˥ο饤ץ饤ХˡCALOPPAˤʤɤνˡޤǤեΤǤϤޤ󤬡ƹΥץ饤Хˡˤ򳵴ѤƤ줫ͽ¬ΤˡʰǤ

ܡۡأѡdzؤGDPRΥꥹб١ ʬǧǤϽʬȤǧƤʤĬή


GDPRܹ1ˤơ褦䤯ʸβ󡦥ݥȲˤȤɤޤʤ̳٥Ωʸޤ





GDPRפȤɤ˰äҡﵭͥåȵϰ٤ܤ̤褦ˤƤޤ
  • GDPRξʸȤΩƤ˱äޤϤ򤷤
  • GDPRܹԸۥꥹ⤤ݥȤ˹ʤäƼ̳бԥݥȤǻ
ΣĤΤ줫äȻפޤǯҲ𤷤Ʋ Ŀ;ݸǡץƥιݼ̳٤Ԥˤޤ֥ӥͥˡ̳ס֥ӥͥ㡼ʥפʤɤβ⵭ϤۤȤɤԤˤޤ

ܽϡǤε԰¤ФQ&AȤǾƾʸɥ饤ޤä򡦲᤬ݥȤˤĤơŪۤɥХ󶡤ܤȤʤäƤޤ

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٤Q&AνҤФȽŪʥȤ򤷤ФޤܽˤĤƤϡԤҤ٤Ҥ٤뤳ȤǤAnswer񤯤ˤ餸餷QuestionΩƤȤäȤʤGDPRΤʤȤפĤǤQפĤǤ夷ƤޤޤAnswerǤ٤ˡΧŪ̳Ū⤬ɬפʾϡ˸ˤκ٤Q&AΩƤƥ󥯤ĥʤɡɤǤäƤ⼫򤬿ޤäƤ褦ʡθʤƤ뤳ȤޤϤμQAܤǤ褯Ѥ붦ʬôǤϤʤʤ¸ǤʤȤǤäơȤܽ񴩹ԤޤǤδ֡¿δȤٽŤʤĴ˼ºݤ˱ƤääȤǤ碌ޤ

ȤɤGDPRܤθĿ;ݸˡε̳ζŪʺۤˤĤӤƤ¾VIϰʹߤǤϡĿͥǡ˴ؤ뵬Ūưʴڹ񡦥ɥͥ٥ȥʥࡦˤ˿졢ˤƱEUΥ롼Ǥޤ̤ܹԤe-Privacy RegurationˤĤƤޤǸڤƤⰵǤܤǤ٤ƲƤȯ븫ߤ󤸤줿ʬǧ˴Ť뤳ȤʤGDPRѶŪ˽餹ƤȤɤϤ줫δȤΥХǤζϤƤȤˤĤʤ롢ȤȤ򶯤˽Ҥ٤Ƥޤ

ʬǧDzѤΤѤʤΤ

ޤ۶žʳεΧϡʬǧˤƶʤˡդ٤ϡ۶žǤ⡢EUܴ֤νʬǧˤꥫСΤϡEUܤߴ֤α۶ž˸ꤵǤ롣ȤСEUǤʤˤŸƤȼԤǤСEUθĿͥǡΰžܤλټҤȤϸ¤餺ƹˤžƤǽ뤬ܡEUǧڤˤäƤϡEUƹؤΰžϥС줺ȤƱ۶žоݤȤʤ롣P344-345


ơܽδۤȤϾΥơGDPRλܹԤŤˤĤХХȤƤǤϤޤդۤΤʤȻפäƤΤGDPR򤤤˾˽餷褦Ȥ⡢EUθ§Ū󥹤ȤƤϡEUĿ;ФʡʰžػߡˡפǤȤǤ

EU賰ФƤˡŪϤôݤ褦ȡEU֤ͤȤޤǶʤĬή٤ȤࡼɤޤǤäȾƤGDPRľˤޤʤȴϤޤĿͤƱդȤμͳ䡢ȴ֤ˡ١ȶϤˤޤ礭ƶڤܤƤΤ¡夵˵̳򶯲뤳Ȥ⤢ʤäǤϤޤ

ĿͤΥץ饤ХºŤĤġä˰賰ŬѤȤˤĤƤϡ¾ιΩƤ롼Ū˽³ƤƤΤⴶȤǤ

ܡۡإץ饤ХʤƤʤ١ ׹̤㤨ȡץ饤Хưפ˰ꤵ

ƹˤץ饤ХˡͼԤǤ˥롦Jֶ2011ǯ˽񤫤줿Nothing to Hide"ǯФäƤ褦䤯ܸɤ褦ˤʤޤ


ץ饤ХʤƤʤ!?
˥롦J.
Ҧ˼
2017-04-28



2011ǯλȤХץ饤ХdzƤǡ֤⣴٤ƸɤǤޤȤܽθNothing to Hide"ˤĤƤϡ¾ΣȤ٤ƤɤʸΤɤߤˤҲ𤵤ƤġλϻͤˤʤǤƤ뼫ʤäᡢ֥˾Ҳ𵭻񤱤ޤäΤФƤޤʸ¤ƤäƤ뺣ܸɤǡƤꡢȥNothing to HideʤޤȤϲʤ"˹줿ǤƤʤäȤǧǤλؤʵUPʤƤ褫äʤȶʤǤƤ뼡Ǥ

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ܤĿ;ʬϤȤ¿οͤϡֿۤʤפȸ֤ޤȤϲʤפϸġܤˤĿ;μʬϤۤ٤ʤΤϸäȤ򤷤Ƥ˸¤뤷ξˤϤ̩ˤƤͤϤʤסP23
ȽꡢΩˡԤ¾μԤץ饤Х̣Τ򤹤뤳Ȥ˼ԤƤ뤬椨ˡ¿ξ硢ץ饤ХйפŬڤ˹̤뤳ȤǤʤǤ롣
ѡʥǡμѤˤȯ򵭽Ҥ뤿ˡ¿Ԥϡ硼ΡذȬǯ٤˰͵򤷤᥿եѤ롣ϡӥå֥饶ȸƤФܤˤ줿μŪҲӥå֥饶ϡٹ˻̱ƻ뤷Χ׵᤹롣ΥΥ᥿եϡʶػߤҲŪȥΤ褦ʡ˴ƻγ˾ơ̱Фܤδƻ򵭽Ҥ뷹ˤ롣ԥ塼Υǡ١ǼǡȾϡά¾ͤξΤäȤƤ⡢͡ް줿ꡢǤꤷʤȾˤϤʤȤ⡢¿ξˤϤǤ
㤦᥿եΤۤ褯ªƤ롣եġեΡؿȽ٤Ǥ롣եξϡᤵ줿ˤ˾Ƥ뤬ʤޤäΤξͿʤɬˤʤäƲ⤿餷Τˤդ꤫ȤƤΤǤ뤫褦Ȼߤ롣̩Ƚȿ˴ؤﵭϿͭƤꡢƤ뤳Ȥʬ뤬ϤʾΤ뤳ȤϤǤʤά˥եκʤ줿᥿եˤ̤ϡƻˤȤϰۤʤΤΤǤ롣ϡФжػߤ⤿餵ʤϾǤϤʤǡ¢ѡʬϤȤäǤ롣ϡ͡ȶȤȿȤδ֤ϴط˱ƶ롣ϡΩ̵ϴ߽Фƿ͡ΩǤϤʤ͡˴ؤȽǤԤȿȤδ֤ͭطμѹ뤳ȤˤҲŪ¤ˤƶͿ롣
ˡŪŪϡκʤΥ᥿եʴƻˤβΤˤˤޤˤե᤮ƤꡢեκʤʾˤŬڤнǤƤʤºݤˤϥǡ١ȴƻϰۤʤǤΤˡԤǡ١ˤƻȤİ褦Ȥ뤳Ȥˡ롣P28-29
ޤȤϲʤΤ꿼ϡŪˡƿΰ֤Ȥƥץ饤Х򸫤뤳Ȥˤ롣ά˥ץ饤ХˤϡŪʤΤǤϤʤեŪʤΤޤޤΤǤ롣ܤξڤϤäʸޥޡ鸶P27αʬǧȤGovernment information-gathering programsɤȤꡢproblemɡܤξȤɡˤȡprogramɡܤξȥץɡˤƤ褦˻פޤϡ͡˽ʤäȤƤ⡢Ƥ롣ؿȽ٤ˤơϹưǤϤʤȽȿѡʥǡѤꡢ͸ФƤμ³ǧä뤳Ȥꤷꤹ뤳Ȥˤ߽Ф롢©εͤޤ褦̵ϤȼǤ롣γϴνŪʤΡ̵塢ɵѡ˾ƩڤǤηǡǤ롣P30

ץ饤ХΡִƻפ¦̤ªƤޤȡƥʤɤȡ̱ΰݤɬ˴դߤܤФƤ줰餤θĿͤԼͳϵƤ٤ʤɤȰ°פ˹ͤƤޤƻ롦˹Ԥˤƥȥ򼺤ȤݤˤפϤ٤Ǥȡ

ץ饤Х׹̤ˤäƽפȤʤ뤳ΥݥȤǧǽơ
ˡ
˵ˡ
¸̿ˡ
ڥ쥸ˡ
Ȥäˡˡݾ㤵Ƥ뤫Τ褦˸Ƽ¤ȴ餱ȤʤäƤץ饤ХζŪʼͤɤäƤޤ19ϡP222ˤˤϡܤƥꥹȤ餷ԤΥץեꡢȤ˾Ҥ̤ʿԵ˾뵡ݤ줿פȤ㤨äФƤƤΤǤºݤ2017ǯ˥ꥫǤ˶ᤤȤ¤˹Ԥ줿ȤͤƤ⡢ޤ˥֤ηǰŪ椷Ƥꡢץ饤Х˴ؤˡʤܤˤƤϡޤä¾ͻȤϸʤȤ´Ǥޤ

ޤΤڤߤΰĤνҤΥå󥹤󤷤Ƥ館ԤȤԤΤҤȤǤ§ϡܽβˤȤɤޤ餺Understanding Privacyܸץ饤Хο١ˤƤʷˤޤȤƤäƤꡢʬͤι⤤ΤȤʤäƤޤ


ܽΥץ饤ХϡŪˤй̱Ȥǽ񤫤ƤΤΡȤȥ桼֤Ƥ⡢ͤϾʤޤ󡣸Ŀ;μ谷ˤĤơ桼ץ饤ХݥꥷؤƱդ륿ߥ󥰤Ϻǽξξ̰٤Ǥ褤Τξ̤ˤƴȤɲŪƱդ롿Ǥʤ桼갷ݤǤ륿ߥ󥰤ɤΤ褦ߤ٤³Ūӥˤơ桼갷ݤбϤɤ٤ʥСåפФƤ餦ʤΤˡʤȤƹͤޤ

®ƹۥ磻ȥϥ־ԥץ饤ХˡװƤ꡼


ܤΥѡʥǡˡιԤ򡢤ޤ礭ѤʤΤФƤޤƹۥ磻ȥϥˤ־ԥץ饤ХˡCONSUMER PRIVACY BILL OF RIGHTS ACTˡװƤǤ


CONSUMER PRIVACY BILL OF RIGHTS ACTADMINISTRATION DISCUSSION DRAFT

CPBR


Ƥ򤶤äɤ󤹤ȰʲΤ褦ʴˡƤ˵ܤνˡä˵ˤʤʬ濴ФƤߤޤ
®ˤĤԡɤͥ褷ޤΤǡְ㤤ФŦȤ꤬Ǥ

βSEC. 4. Definitions
֥ѡʥǡס̲ǡס֥ѡʥǡ谷ȼԡסּס֥ȥʡסֺס֥ƥȡθդβ

ƩôݡSEC. 101. Transparency
ѡʥǡμ谷ˤӼƤˤĤơ狼䤹ȥߥ󥰤Τ򤹤̳

Ԥξ󥳥ȥ븢SEC. 102. Individual Control
Ԥ˥ѡʥǡؤΥʤ󶡤Ԥᤫ45Ʊű󸢡ͿŪѹݤˤŪƱդκƼʥץȥˤ̳ȤԤ˹ŪϰϤǤξ󥳥ȥ븢

ƥȤºšSEC. 103. Respect for Context
ƥȤ˱ʤѡʥǡʬѤˤĤƤϡ軰ԵؤȤƤFTCˤƺǧ줿˸¤ǽȤ

ΤʼǤΤѡSEC. 104. Focused Collection and Responsible Use
ѤäѡʥǡˤĤƤϡŪʴ˺Ѵ̲

ƥγݡSEC. 105. Security
⳰ΥꥹʬϤԤäǾ󥻥ƥݤץ饤ХȤŪ˼»ܤ

SEC. 106. Access and Accuracy
SEC. 102ܤθζŪʤ

ǤSEC. 107. Accountability
Ȱιۡѡʥǡ谷طԤȤη̳

ϤôݡSEC. 201. Enforcement by the Federal Trade Commission
ĹFTCˤɸħ

絬ˤ륻եϡС롼SEC. 301. Safe Harbor Through Enforceable Codes of Conduct
絬ȤƤΡCodes of ConductɤFTCǧ뤳ȤǡˡΰŬѽ뤳ȤǽȤ


ƹǥ˪ĤĤ褦ʾ֤ǤˡƤɾȷǰʬƤ褦ǤäȤΥ󥯤ŽäƤޤ

Heres a draft of the consumer privacy Bill of Rights act Obama wants to passGigaom)

White House Drops Consumer Privacy Bill Of Rights Act DraftTech Crunch

White House Proposes Broad Consumer Data Privacy BillThe New York Times

The White Houses draft of a consumer privacy bill is out — and even the FTC is worriedThe Washington Post

Proposed privacy bill protects industry more than it does peopleEngadget


ޥեȤ᤯⡢ƱˡƤɾݤCPO̾ǽФƤޤ

White House proposal elevates privacy, transparency discussionMicrosoft


δۤȤƤϡѡʥǡβȤ䡢Ϣˮˡ뤳ȤˤäƥޥʡʽˡΩ򤱤ɾȤǤľʤȤĿͤξ󥳥ȥ븢Τ褦ʷǤϤä񤫤Ȥϡޤäͽ۳Ǥ
ǡ嵭󥯤ƹƻǤŦȤꡢ絬Codes of Conductˤˤ륻եϡС롼뤬ȤˤȤäƤΡйסʥǥˤäƤϡȴɤɾƤˤȤƻĤƤ⤤褦ǤΤǡˤĤƤϸڤ򿼤ʤФȻפޤ


ˤƤ⡢ܤΥѡʥǡˡΩˡ̳ɤϡƹư򤭤ȻΤǤƤΤǤ礦ľƻʤɤ򸫤Ƥȡɤ⤽Τ褦ˤϻפƤޤˡƤ򸫤ƱФΤȻפȡƬˤʤäƤޤ

ܡۡإ󥿡ͥåȤηˡ ǡ١ 󥿡ͥåȤ򻦤Τϡ°פʥХ롦ɷ޹


ͥåȥӥͥӥͥ˷Ȥˡ̳ѡɬɤν񡣼ʬηȤӥͥޤˡ˴ؤäƤΤȤȤ򡢲ǧ뤿ˡ


󥿡ͥåȤηˡ
е
ȽŹ
2014-12-18



еȤС̳ǤʤŪƤ¿ޤǤ󥿡ͥåȤˡ٤ޤƱˤ裴ǤδԤ飵ǯФä⤪äˤʤäƤΤǤܽϤä̳ȤϼΰۤʤؽѽκۤȤޤûŪʲΥϥƤδԤ˱ΤǤϤޤ

ǤϡʼĥäˡؤζʽΤ褦ƤȤȡǤʤץХǤե륿󥰡ɥᥤ͡ࡢ֥饦ȻԾꡢݥΤץ饤ХɽμͳȤä󥿡ͥåȤʤäޤϡ
Ƹݥ
إȥԡ
ʿѡʥե桼
ܤˤ륤󥿡ͥåȴƻ
񶭤Ķ륤󥿡ͥå
ͥå
ȤäޤˤʤäƤ륭ɤ򼡡˼夲ɤ̣dzȤƤηˡؤηϤˤȤ줺Ƥޤ⡢θϤʤȤ륢ꥫʥǤεƧޤơξʻȤϾΤߤϤäȽҤ륹롣ɼԤȤƤϡΤ⤫ʤ¿Ǥ礦P365Ρֲץ饤ХDzĿ;󤫡פΰʤɤϡܤɼԤⵤˤʤǤϤǤޤ˰ξDz᤮ƥɥɥ뤳ȴְ㤤ʤǤˡ

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ä򴺤ƺѤͳϡˡؾˤʤäƤʤܷˡؤؤͫʤΤ򤷤ƤƤϴ֤˹ʤȤǤʤΤϡܽΥ饤ޥå˶Ťۤɹޤꡢ°פʡ֥Х롦ɡ׷޹ФپؤȤĤʤäƤޤP438ꡣ

ݼҲǥ󥿡ͥåȾɽμͳץХˡŪǤˤĤƹդȤϹͤ񤤡ޤ⤷դ줿ȤƤ⡢ܹˡΤȤɽμͳФͿˡݸ򲼲褦ʴǹդʤǽ⤤Ǥ⼫ͳݸ㤤δबХ롦ɤȤʤꡢ󥿡ͥåȾɽμͳ̤⤤Ȥ褦
ȤСɽμͳδϡƹ񤬤줾켫絬Ż뤷賰ˤ륤󥿡ͥåȾɽ԰٤˼ˡΧŬѤ뤳Ȥ򹵤뤳Ȥ󥿡ͥåȾɽμͳݤǺǤŬڤ򼨤ΤȤȤˤʤ
ˡ󥿡ͥåȤ󵯤褹ˤϡ줾ι񤬤äƤˤιˡΧŬѤƤΤǤϡ褷­Τ椯ʤǤɽμͳФͿˡݸϡˤä礭ۤʤ롣ץХˡŪǤˤĤƤ⡢ˤäƹͤ礭ʰ㤤롣ΤȤϡ񶭤ĶץˤϡʴȼȤ⼨롣Ȥɤ餮ͳˡŪĴ°פ˼ĥ뤳ȤˤϤ⤦ŤǤ٤

ΤˡܤǤϺ̱ˡʺĸˡˡˡץ饤ХˡϫƯˡȤäʬǤȤγˡҲ𤷡ܤ٤ƤפȤäץˡɬ˶ָ¿褦˻פޤ⡢ĹΡĬήˤϤä󴬤ƤơξǤ᤯ӥͥǸбΤפȹͤʥפǤ뤳ȤϡǤޤ

󤤥֥ƥå塦ӥؤ顢ܤͫƤäΤǤ涵ΤηٹˡʬƬǹͤ뤳ȤƤΤƩ줿褦ʡѤפޤ

ճʤޤǤ˿ܥ٥Ȥä֥ץ饤Хե꡼ե׻İۥ


֥ץ饤Хե꡼եפȤ٥ȤΥ˥ॷեưİޤץ饤Хޤ˶̣Τˡ̳ôԤϡ˥λݤڤޤǤ˰٤ȸ鷺٤餤ˤʤͤΤǤϤʤȻפޤ


裱ץ饤Хե꡼եʻܰϺڹī

s-pfc3men


ܻΥեơˤꡢʲꤵ줿ĤQ˽äƿʹԡ

Q1֥ץ饤Хե꡼פȤϡ
Q2Ŀ;Ȥϡ
Q3軰󶡤Ȥϲ
Q4ӥͥˤץ饤ХˤĤ
Q5Suica
Q6ѥʥ˥åإ륹


ޤƬQ2ΥѡȤ20ʬݤƹǫ˸Ŀ;ݸˡθ⤹ȤϤޤޤȥ֤ڤɤϡ̾ǯϢʬΥ뤳Ȥǡ֡ˡεꤹ˸Ŀ;ʳξפȤʤ롢աѥΥץ饤Хݥꥷλ˵󤲤Ʋ⡣Ƨޤƻܻ᤬ICTȳΤĿ;ݸˡɡʤȤ⡢ƱˡθĿ;ȤƤϺȹͤƸŪ˲ˤƤפȻŦƤޤݸˡθɤ⤷ϸϡΤä֤Ǥ褯ʬäƤʤͤˡ̳ˤޤѵκܤɮƤݤˤɤ⤹Τ˵ҤǤ뤫忴ΤǤ˴ؤƤޤǫ˲⤷ƤֱȤΤϡޤ̵ä⤷ޤ

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ĤǡQ3ѡȤž졣Tݥȥζ̥ݥȥɥǡǻȤƤֶƱѡפȤˡβ꤫ܤ⤵ƤޤݸˡζƱѤޤǤAҤΥǡBҤæˡŪ˰ϤɤؤȤƻȤƤ뤳ȡơƱѼ˶ƱDBؤΥե륢ͿΤζƱѤΤϤǤ뤬äƤޤDBλ礬Ϥ򼺤ΤǤäƤʤषDBϹԤʤȤɽƤΤ̷ǤȻŦΡֶƱѤæŪѡϡʸֱ͡ʤȤǸƤȤǤ¾ʹ狼䤹äȻפޤ

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Q5SuicaˤĤƤϤǤ˸Ԥ줿⤢ꡢȤŪȤʤǤǯܤǤϤޤäѡʥǡεǡǡåȤΤߤǻŪIJĵŪ˸Ŀ̤ͤǤƤޤֽ༱̻ҡפȤͤɤƳ줿ˤĤơƤޤ

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ӥͥˤץ饤ХˤĤƤϡʲΤ褦ʥɤιֱǤƤơܻ⤤ǤϤäΤΡԤƤǾܤȤΤȡȤ켡⤢Ǥ͡ʾСˡ
DSPǥʥɥͥåȥμҤˤɤˤ
åˤ̾󤻢ץȥȤη
ޥۤѥץȤäưURLԤ褯狼ʤ
SmartnewsGunosyΥץ𤷤ƥ󥰹


ޤȤΰϡ
֡ȤξϸĿ;ǤϤʤɤ̵ʲƨǼͳ٤褦ȤΤǤϤʤơĿ;ǧ᤿ǤƱաץȥȤμ³ꡢ̤ΩƤӥͥ߷פ򤷤ߤ

ȥ򸫤ΰݤǤϤ⤦餱ȵƥ٥ȤˤʤΤȻפäƤޤ򳫤СĿ;󡦥ץ饤ХȤ񤷤Ūʻ󤲤ʬ䤹ߺդݲŦƤȤճʤޤǤ˿ܤʥ٥ȤˤʤäƤޤơޤȤʤǤӥͥΥץ饤Хμ谷ϡ˹ӥͥɤôԤ⻲äΤǤСʸ餷ǤˡŤʹֱˤʤꤽǤ


ޡȥե󡦥ץ饤Хݸˡư򤹤뤿ɬɥ󥯽 2014


ѡʥǡץ饤Хݸˡư򤹤뤿ɬɥ󥯽 2014פ³ޤơϡ֥ޡȥե󡦥ץ饤Хݸˡư򤹤뤿ɬɥ󥯽 2014פäƤߤޤ

ޥۥץ饤Хϡѡʥǡץ饤Хݸˡβ̳ǰ˰֤ޤΤǡ⤷Υ󥯽ɤߤǤʤϤ餫éäƤΤ褤ȻפޤǤϤǤϡ


s-1340911_21662636


(a)ޡȥե ץ饤Х ˥ƥ

http://www.soumu.go.jp/main_content/000171225.pdf

ѡʥǡ䤹üǤ륹ޡȥե󥢥ץˤߡץñ̤٤֥ץꥱץ饤Хݥꥷפοǽʸ¤餫ˤ̳ȯʸǤܤϸĿ;ݸˤ٤ƤȸΤΡ񤬼Ƴƥޥۤòץ饤ХˤĤƤʸȯɽȤ̣Ǥϡꥫ˼ϤäΤǤϤʤȡĿ;ݸˡɾȽΰäƴطԤ˲ռΤǤʪճˤ᤯ȸ٤Ǥ礦աѥˡ̳ôȯȤʤä褦ˡιͤȼԤ¦ˤ⿻ƩǼƤ뤫ȤȡϤޤʤΤʤȤޤ

(b)ޡȥե ץ饤Х ˥ƥ֭

http://www.soumu.go.jp/main_content/000236366.pdf

嵭֭פǤƤ飱ǯ­餺ǡƱ̳ʤȯ줿ʸ줬Ф֥εǤɤߤɤޤȤƤȤꡣäˡץꥱץ饤Хݥꥷ٤ɬܾ侩ˤĤƧ߹ǽ񤤤ƤΤǡåƤޤ礦

(c)ˡΧΤ餺˥ӥåǡϰʤ Ŀ;󡢥ץ饤Х̩̿줾θ

http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/COLUMN/20130214/456270/?ST=bigdata

ޥۥץ饤Х˥ƥ֤ޤ뤳ȤˤʤäаޤˤĤơޤǤθĿ;ݸˡȤ򤷤ʤ顢ܤξˡͼԤǤ벬¼󥿥ӥ塼Ǥ狼䤹뵭鿴Ըˤᡣ

(d)Х륳ƥĴϢȼԤΤθĿ;ݸɥ饤 2

http://www.mcf.or.jp/privacymark/pdf/guideline_for_mobilecontent.pdf

̼ˡͥХ륳ƥĥեMCFˤ󤬡ޥۥץ饤Х˥ƥ֤εХ륳ƥĤμ̳ƤϤȤʤ롢Ȥͤ򼨤ΡƱˡͤϥץ饤Хޡ꿳ؤǤ⤢뤿ᡢPޡ夵ƤΤħǤ

(e)ABC 2012 Spring - ڹ᤬֥ޥۥץѼԾˤƱճǧΤפˤĤƹֱ

http://news.mynavi.jp/articles/2012/03/28/abc2012_06/

ŤιֱޤȤᵭǤޡȥե󤫤Υǡ˺ݤơ
ŬڤƱդμ
üͭIDѤΥꥹ
˹ʤäƲ⤵Ƥޤ

(f)ޡȥե ץ饤Х ˥ƥ֤ȹŪư

http://www.jssec.org/dl/1121/06_smartphone%20privacy%20initiative.pdf

̳ʤΡѡʥǡѡή̤˴ؤ븦פλȤƻ̳ɤĴޤȤ᤿ưˤĤƤλ򤵤ˤޤȤ᤿ΤΤ褦ɽ˭٤ǡʬǼݤʤ󤫤ΩĤ󤸤ʤȻפޤ̳ʤ󤬺ΤʤΤǡѤƤʳήѤƤ⤿֤ܤʤǤʾСˡ

(g)ޥۥץˤ륢ץꥱ󡦥ץ饤ХݥꥷǺܤιĴ

https://staff.aist.go.jp/takagi.hiromitsu/paper/scis2014-3D1-1-ichinose-dist.pdf

ΥȥΤȤꡢץꥱץ饤ХݥꥷŬڤˡƤˤʤäƤ뤤뤫ˤĤơGoogleץåȥե˼ºݤ󤵤Ƥ륢ץ򥵥ץĴݡȡ

ܤϥץ饤ХݥꥷŬڤʾ˷ǺܤƤν̤ 49 45 ̡̩ɾ 25 23̤ȡDz̥饹°٥ǤäޤǺƤŬڤͼǽ񤫤Ƥ뤫 7ӤȤ¾٤Ŭڤ˽񤫤ƤʤȤ餫Ȥʤä

ܤΥץ饤ХݸϤޤޤᡢȤȽϤ褯ʹޤֲɤʤΤפ򤳤λΥ٥ޤŪʬϡŦƤΤϾʤΰ̣ǻͤˤʤޤ
ơäӤΥץ򸫤ƤȡˡΧǤϤʤGoogleAppleΤ褦ʥץåȥեΥ쥮졼ˤäƻ¾ιݿबƤ̤褬ƩƸ뵤ޤ


ꤳܤʤɤС2014ǯŬΥȥɲäƤȻפޤͤ⥳ǤŦ򤤤ޤȽޤ

ѡʥǡץ饤Хݸˡư򤹤뤿ɬɥ󥯽 2014


ǯ9ȯ­ѡʥǡץ饤ХݸˡκꤦȿȤܤӤ֥ѡʥǡ˴ؤ븡Ƥפϡ12ˤ򤤤ä󽪤Ƨޤܤٸľˤȯɽޤ2015ǯˡ˸Ƥưϡˡ̳˷ȤϤΤȡITӥͥ衦Ĥ̤ΥӥͥѡˤȤäƤ⡢פʥơޤȤʤäƤޤ


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nettv.gov-online.go.jp - óյĸ嵭Բ񸫡ʿ25ǯ1224ˤ


Τ褦˿ʹǤ夲졢ʸ¿ԤƤȤǤϡ󥿡ͥåȾɤळȤǤʸ񡦻ǡޤƤɬɥ󥯽äƤߤޤ

ʤȥƬˤĤƤ륫å񤭤ΥʥСϤҲص忶äƤΤǡʾΰ̣Ϥޤ


(1) ѡʥǡѤ˴ؤٸľ

http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/it2/kettei/pdf/dec131220-1.pdf

پ̿ͥåȥҲάĹǤܿˤĤ줿ܤιȤȤƤθˤǤְ㤤ʤǤκǽʸ񡣤ޤϤޤޤ礦

(2) 裵ѡʥǡ˴ؤ븡Ƥ Ļ׻

http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/it2/pd/dai5/gijiyousi.pdf

嵭(1)ٸľˤɤΤ褦ʵΤȤǺ줿Τβ˥奢󥹤ϤˤϡάβȿǤ븡ƤεĻɤ߹ΤǤץ饤ХˡˤޤܤʤˤȤäƤŪñӸäƤƤȤäĤˤ⤷ޤ󤬡դ˸ǤǸƤơɤˤĤƥååפƤʤȡεˤĤƤʤǤ礦ޤǤΥơޤեƤʤäϡεɤߤʤǤ褦ˤʤ뤳ȤĤɸ륯ޡȤȤ褤Ȼפޤ

(3) ѸƤ󥰥롼

http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/it2/pd/dai5/siryou2-1.pdf

ѡʥǡ˴ؤ븡ƤβȿWGޤȤ᤿ʪ(2)Ǥ⤽Υå󥹤Ƥޤ˽¤ͤݡȤǤΤǡɤ򤪴ᤷޤ
ǽʡƿ̾ɼˡ¸ߤʤפȤ
פȡּ̡פγǰʬ䤹
ΣĤϡƱƤκ̤ǤƱˡ2013ǯܤΥץ饤ХˡκΥȥԥåȸäƤǤϤʤȻϻפޤ

(4) Ūƿ֤̾ϲǽʤΤ֥ѡʥǡ˴ؤ븡Ƥפǵ줿

http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/Watcher/20131213/524722/

ѡʥǡ˴ؤ븡Ƥ񤪤ӵѸƤWGΥݥȤФƦĵԤʷˤޤȤƤäƤɵǤޤεˤĤƤʤȤ鿴Ԥˤ狼䤹Ǥ

(5) Ŀͼκƹͤˡ˸

http://www.horibemasao.org/horibe9_Takagi.pdf

(2)Υѡʥǡ˴ؤ븡Ƥˤ븡Ƥ̤ƤΡȵ縦ʸ ڹˤפȡּ̡פʬˤȤŤơºݡɤʸȿǤ٤򡢼ˡָĿͼפȡư׾ȹפδƤޤΣĤϡ20142015ǯˤƥѡʥǡץ饤ХݸˡβƤǤνפʥɤˤʤϤǤ

(6) Ūѳ״ˤץ饤ХĿ;ݸˡθ

http://www.horibemasao.org/horibe9_Sinpo.pdf

ȤܤƤץ饤Хݸˡβ򡢿ƤäƤ褯˵󤲤EUƹȤӤǤʤAPEC ץ饤Хե졼ץ饤ХߥåʡĤˤޤᡢ񳰰ž˴ؤ򤷤ƤäƤȤѻͤˤʤޤ

(7) Ŀ;ݸ٥˹碌褦

http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/COLUMN/20130827/500450/?ST=security&P=1

2013ǯƤ˵JRܤSuica򿶤֤ʤ顢ƹ񤫤̵͢ӤĤʥץ饤ХǰΩˡŪ˷ĤŤʤɤλȤ٤ʤ褦ˤʤФʤʤǮī(6)ολȤ碌ƤС۶򥯥ꥢˤȤȤνǤȻפޤ

(8) ʿ25ǯǾ̿ ӥåǡѤȥѡʥǡ

http://www.soumu.go.jp/johotsusintokei/whitepaper/ja/h25/pdf/n3100000.pdf

̳ʤ(6)(7)Τ褦ʻޤ˭٤ʿɽǸΡä˻P272ʹߤܡƹ񡦱ѹ񡦥ե󥹡ڹڤӥ󥬥ݡѼԤоݤȤ󥱡Ĵǡϡ̥桼ɤΤ褦԰¤ȴԤƤ뤫ɤ߼Ȥơͤˤʤޤ



ꤳܤʤɤС2014ǯŬΥȥɲäƤȻפޤͤ⥳ǤŦ򤤤ޤȽޤ
ʤޡȥեץ饤ХˤĤƤϡȤʬƸӥ󥯽򥢥åפͽǤ

ܡۥץ饤Хο ǯ٤ΡȿξҲ𤬡ܤμʾ󥳥ȥ븢Ԥä򤫤


ǯ٤졣ȯȼ¤ˣǯ٤졣

2010ǯܤǤfacebook֡बܳʲ饦ɤδƳˤʤϤᡢͥåȤΥץ饤Хε夬Ϥ᤿ǯΤˤϤǤ˥ꥫΥץ饤Х꡼ɤƤΤ˥롦֤ǤʤܤˤƤϤ2013ǯˤƤ̵ۤ̾ȸä¸ߡͳֽҤˮƤʤäפȤѻǰǤΥ֤Ĥˡ褦䤯ˮޤ


ץ饤Хο ǰˡκƹ
˥롦J
ߤ˼
2013-06-26



֥Ǥ2010ǯ10˸Understanding Privacy"Ҳ𤷤Ƥ뵭ĤäƤޤλϤΥ礤˿ȯ졢ܤѤʤʸ񤭡ǯͥåȥˡزγز˷ǺܤƤˤޤΥѥȤܤǤƱɾη֤ϹȻפޤ

֤ϡץ饤ХΤΤդΤǤϤʤ֥ץ饤Х򶼤ưˤϲ뤫פʬषª뤳ȤǡˤäѲץ饤ХѤªƤȤ󾧤Ƥޤܤܽˤơ

λνɾǤϤΤ褦ˤä֤äơʾСˤƾҲ𤷤ʤäܤΰ֤֡ʬɽޤ졣

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  • 󡦥֥ǽ󾧤ͭ̾ʡäƤƤ餦פ
  • θäܤǡʺƣˤ˴ְäǹޤäּʾ󥳥ȥ븢פ
  • ƹˡȽˤ夷Ƥ褦ˤߤreasonable expectations of privacy doctorinedoctrineʹŪʴԸ"
Τ⤬ץ饤ХˡŪˤԽʬǤȤοޤΣĤܤβˤ֤鲼룱ξܤˤäƤ󤫤ǫʺߤ륽֡

ԽʬʤΤȤСܤƤӥåǡε˵󤲤Ƥߤޤ礦ʾ󥳥ȥ븢١ˡŪߤܤǤϡӥåǡγѤˤơ˼ƱդƩȡξץȥȤθγݤڤȸƤޤǤˤΣĤСӥåǡѤϤʤǤOKˤʤΤǤ礦ɬ׽ʬƩäƱռȤ϶ŪˤϤɤʤΡˤƱդ򤷤Ƥ桼ͳʤѤäƥץȥȤ׵᤹Ȥ֤ɤª롩ޤ˹ͤۤɤˡäȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ǤǤʤʬʮФǤȻפƤʤޤ2008ǯ˴Ԥ줿ܤˤϥӥåǡΥɤޤ󤬡֤ϡӥåǡŪʶҤ⤭ꤷǡˤäƶץ饤ХֽסƱסѡפʬषªˤĤ줿ƹȽȤˡޤǤΥץ饤Хª˻ζΤǤ뤫ˤĤơ٤ʬϤߤޤΤ褦򸫤Ƥ⡢äƶˤʤ꤬ʤ줫Υץ饤Хɶ碌𼴤Ȥơ֤ǤΩƤʬϻ夬äƤ⿧ʤŪʤΤǤ뤳Ȥʬޤ

@ikegaitwitterǶƤäǿʸˤƤ⡢֤ƱռнŤ˲᤮뼫ʾ󥳥ȥ븢黿뷹˵ꤲƤޤɬɤǤ礦

Privacy Self-Management and the Consent DilemmaDaniel J. Solove
In order to advance, privacy law and policy must confront a complex and confounding dilemma with consent. Consent to collection, use, and disclosure of personal data is often not meaningful, and the most apparent solution — paternalistic measures — even more directly denies people the freedom to make consensual choices about their data. In this Article, I propose several ways privacy law can grapple with the consent dilemma and move beyond relying too heavily on privacy self-management.


ܽë˻⡢ܤܤΥץ饤ХͿƶʬ˾Τʤߤʤߤʤ̾ǮȻ̿äƤ뤳ȤԤȤΤʰᤫäƤޤ

Ŭڤ졦ʸ򤬤ऺ䵿äˤϡŻҥ᡼Ԥ䤤碌ԤäάˤȤǡright to be let alone"ϡˡʬǤϡְͤˤƤƤ餦פʤɤߤǤ⻶ΤΡΰ̣ͤСܽ褦ˡäƤƤ餦פȤʤ롣ԤˤĤ̤Ȥγǰɬ"solitude"ΰ̣ϴޤޤʤȤ򤤤ƸԤѤ


ǶܤˤĿ;󥳥ȥ븢Ȥ˰ޤ줫äƤοˡޤʰ°פʳ餱㤤ʤȡФƤ줿Ǥ


2013.8.21 22:00ɵ
ŦޤΤ꤬Ȥޤ

֥ѡʥǡפ˽ФƤѡʥǡζʬȼ갷롼ɽƤߤ


5ܤˤäȤҲ̳ʤΥѡʥǡ񤬡ѥ֥ФƳǤȤƺ꡼ޤ



ǸСƤƤˤܿϤޤʤʤ⡢ޤǤιǤΥѡʥǡ˴ؤ­ʤޤȤ夲줿̳ʤΤդĤȤʤꡢʹŪѤΤϤǰΤΡ˺ǯ꡼줿ޡȥեץ饤Х˥ƥ֤Ȥ碌ơʸܤΥͥåȥӥͥˤĿ;󡦥ѡʥǡιͤΥɤȤʤȻפޤ

ΰ֤θɤǤ룳ϤΣ˼줿֥ѡʥǡѤΥ롼ƤκߤפʸĹɤߤˤäΤȸǻȤΤ˰ʤΤޥäΤǡɽˤޤȤƤߤޤϡʸǼƤּ¼ŪĿͼפȤͤ򤷤ǡޤǤ㼨ȤƸĺɬפΤǤ̩ʸdzǧƤȤơΥ֥Ǥʬ䤹ͥƤޤ

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ͼ̱²ϡΡ㳲Ⱥ򡢤¾ҲṲ̄θȤʤ붲Τ
ϫιư
ŪԻȾ


Ǥޤ̳ʤλפڤ꤬ΤϡȼԤŪͳ˼Ǥְ̥ѡʥǡפϰϤ򡢤ʤ깭ª褦ȤƤȤǤ̾͡ȤƤ⡢֥twitterʤɤܿͤ̾ɤʤɤϡηаޡʥƥȡˤǧŪƱդʤȤǤȤޤĿ;ݸˡ򡢤Τ褦ʲDzä褦ȤƤ뤳Ȥ狼ޤβǤȡLinkedin˷Ǻܤ줿ͺҲҤžٱ祵ӥѤΤϡʤȤȤˤʤޤ͡󡢷줿ߡᥪץȥȤɬפȤڤƤޤ

ֿŤʼ谷ѡʥǡפζʬϡ̤ǤȤˤäƥץ饤ХӤӤӤӤʤäꤹ뤳Ȥ顢ƱդǤΤƱդȤʤФʤʤΤμ갷롼뤬Ѥϡ򤱤ƤޤޤɽˤǤƤʤӥͥפʾȤơȶͻ⻺ȤΤǤˤäƤϡֿŤʼ谷ѡʥǡפʤΤ֥󥷥ƥ֥ǡפΤɤ˶ʬΤ򤱤ƤޤĿŪˤϡֿŤʡפʬषƤ褫ä󤸤ʤʡȻפޤɤ⡣


ܤ̳ʤȤơꥫκѡʤӥͥΥΥ١ʤ٤˳ʤǥѡʥǡѤʤƤդ줿ʸȤʤäƤꡢкѳλƱΤȻפޤĿŪˤϡϤޤǤܤκ˾Ȥ餷ͤǤäơ줬Τޤ޹Ṳ̄ΤɤϲŪǤץ饤Хϵ®EU˷ƤΤǤϡȻפȤ¤Ϥꡢޤޤ;̤ϵʤΤȻפäƤޤդϤޤ椬ʤ񤤤ƤߤȻפޤ


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ܤ罸줿ѥ֥åȤƤ⤢碌ƥ꡼ƤΤǤɤͤƤڹ餷ʾСˤʸΥåɽˤĤƤΥĥåߤƤ򤫤äǤºݡ䤬ĹǯƤ֥åλפˤĤƤε䤬äΤǤ⤢äΤǡžܤƤޤ

֥åסcookie֥֥Ȥ󶡼Ԥ֥֥饦̤ˬԤ PC ˰Ū˥ǡ񤭹¸ȤߤǡѼԤ˴ؤǸ˥Ȥˬ줿ΥȤˬʤɤϿƤȤǤ뤳Ȥ顢ǧڤʤѼԤμ̤˻Ȥ롣סp.44ˤȽ񤫤Ƥ뤬Τ¸ȤߤǡפޤǤʸʹߤʸŬڤǤ롣
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Τ褦ʸä cookie ѸϡܷƤΤߤʤ餺ܤˤƹвäƤꡢȼΥץ饤Хݥꥷˤ⻶ŵŪʥե졼ȤʤäƤ롣θäץ饤ХݥꥷŬڤʽĹƤȹͤ뤿ᡢθϴDzǤʤΤǤ롣
ŪˤϡȼΥץ饤Хݥꥷˤơcookie ΰˤĤƵҤ뤳Ȥ¿ǡcookie ˤͤθĿ;Ͽ뤳ȤϤޤפȤäतεҤ롣äȼԤºݤˤϡcookie ˼ֹ񤭹ѼԤṳ̈뤳Ȥˤäơ֤͡פΥѡʥǡ򥵡¦ǵϿİƤ뤳Ȥ¿
⤽⡢ץ饤Хݥꥷˤ cookie ˴ؤΤϡcookieѤƥ֥ˬԤμ̤ɤΤ褦˹ԤäƤ뤫ϹԤäƤʤˤɽɬפ뤫ǤꡢΤ褦ʾ̤ˤơcookie ˸Ŀ;Ͽ뤳ȤϤޤפΤϡcookie λȤߤ򤷤ƤΤȤϤŪʹ԰٤Ǥ롣
ܷƤϡޤˡcookie ˤѼԤüμ̤𤷤Ѥѡʥǡμ谷ΰĤȤƤΤǤ뤫顢षΤ褦ʸä٤ŬڤѸ⤬ȤǤ롣
ޤʸˡǧڤʤѼԤμ̤˻ȤפȤεҤ뤬ǧڤʤɡפȤŬڤǤ롣ǧڡפϡּ̡פ㼨ˤʤѼԤΡǧڡסʥѥɤѤѼǧΡˤη̤ѼԤμ̡פ˷³Ѥ뤳ȤϤ뤬ѼǧڤФʤǡᤫˤ뼱ֹͿѼԤṳ̈ȤŪǤ롣ʤǧڡפϡּ̡פȶѤ뤳ȤϤΤΡּ̡פˤơǧڡפɬɬפȤʤΤǤꡢξԤΩΤǤ롣ơcookie ϡּ̡פѤΤǤ뤬ǧڡפΤѤ櫓ǤϤʤ
äơǧڤʤѼԤμ̤˻ȤפȤʸŬڤǤ롣
ʾͳ顢ʲβƤƤ롣
֥֥Ȥ󶡼Ԥ֥֥饦̤ˬԤ PC ˰Ū˥ǡ񤭹¸ȤߤǡŵŪˤϡֹ񤭹ळȤѼԤṳ̈ΤѤ뤳Ȥ¿åѼԤṳ̈뤳Ȥˤäơ֥Ȥ󶡼ԤϡѼԤ˴ؤ򥵡¦ǵϿİǤ褦ˤʤ롣
Ωˡͻ絻Ѹꥻ奢ƥฦ祻奢ӥ楰롼ס


2013.9.12ɵ
ɽ桢ťѡʥǡζˡְưüѤʲΤ褦ʥѡʥǡפɵޤ

ڻBUSINESS LAW JOURNAL 2013ǯ 1 Ҥߤ夻󤻡


ɽ⿷ˡ줿BLJ
ǥ褯ȡýΡ֥ܡΥꥹפˤҤäơCROSSɤäƽ񤤤ƤǤ͡

BUSINESS LAW JOURNAL (ӥͥ㡼ʥ) 2013ǯ 01 []BUSINESS LAW JOURNAL (ӥͥ㡼ʥ) 2013ǯ 01 []
丵쥯ͥ
(2012-11-21)
丵Amazon.co.jp


Υܡý⤵뤳Ȥʤ顢⤦Ĥ̵֥ܶǡѥӥͥȥץ饤ХפˡBLJԽΤĤʾμǰȤޤ«ȤмȤץΰϤ򸫤Ƥޤ

ʤȡΤҤߤ夻󤻤ȡȵ縦Ǥιڹо줷ƤΤǤá

ڹо줹˻äаޤΤޤȤ


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ȯԤκ껳׻³⤳ȤƤȤꤢtwitter֥ǵơ̡ҥߥϤλȤߤ軰԰Ѱ֤Ԥޤ軰԰ѰˤĤƤ֥˼夲ֽíܤǤפɵμˤʤڻᡣtwitter濴Ȥƥ饹Ƚ礭ʤꡢ2012ǯ42Ĥ˥ߥϲҤˤäΤǤ



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򸫤ʤƤȿޤ


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ץκۤżŪϿ˴ؤʷˡ168Σˤˤ뤫
ˤץ饤ХȤˡ԰٤뤫
󤬸Ŀ;ݸˡˤָĿ;פ˳뤫ݤ

ܹƤǤϡˤΣĤδΤΣˤˤĤơ軰԰ѰΡȻ¸ǧɤŦʤ顢̳ʤΡפ򻲾ȤǫƤϤԤΰˡٻŦξǡȼԤΤ褦ʻ֤ˤʤαդ٤ȤƱڻ᤬뤷ƤTݥȥġСפΥˤȤ餷ʤ顢򤹤ƤȤʤäƤޤ

勞УˤĤƤڤФʤȻǰʬ⤢ޤīȶȤǤΡ10ڡˤ錄Ϥäơޤ2012ǯ10ǺܤãȤΥ󥳾Ȥäǡɤ˷ۤ夬äɤǤߤƤΤڤߡ

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ȡɤƤɼʡľзɤܤåƤޤȤǤϤΤǤιڡξƤľ˷ǺܤƤ롢μˤ֥饤եѥӥˤץ饤ХꥹɤƤ٤פ⡢ȤΤꤿɤï᤯դˤƤޤITˡ̳ѻաʤǤϤΥåʵȤʤäƤޤ

饤եӥͥ˷Ȥ¿δȤ
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ܡۥӥåǡΥ饤ե ֤狼ʤΡפϺ٤ʬƵ褦


ˡ̳ѡϡΩ塢ӥåǡȤ饤եȤɤˡŪŪʥ󥹤餶ʤΤĤ餤ȤǤդ餷ۣʤΤ˰°פ˼ΩƤ˿ä㤤ʤŻǤ͡ȤϤҤȤƤϤΥơޤ˶̣šǡ˴ޤ줽ȤꤢȿФȤäƤФΤʡʤɤ⿴ӥӥƤ⾯ʤʤΤǤϡ

ˡ̳ѡ¿ΥҥȤͿƤܤФޤΤǤҲ


ӥåǡΥ饤եICTҲΡȿͤεӥåǡΥ饤եICTҲΡȿͤε
ԡ
丵ηкѿ
(2012-06)
丵Amazon.co.jp



ΥȥΤ롼ΥȿơȤˡΧƾʥɥ饤Ȥ硦̷⡦줫βȤäȤǫ˸ڤ줿ɮפˤʤäƤޤ⤽ΤϤˡΧ̤˴ؤƤϡˡ񤫤鿹μˡز񤫤аΤͤԤȤƽ񤫤Ƥ뤫ʤǤ͡

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軰ԥå饤ե軰󶡤󶡤ª軰ԥåѥȤ椫顢ޡƥ󥰤ѤƤȿ¬줿֥50ҤФĿͼͭʤˤĤơ軰󶡤򵭺ܤƤ뤫ݤĴ٤̤ɽ417Ǥ롣

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ˡ̳ѡȤƤϡޤϼʬβҤˤơ֥ӥåǡס֥饤եפȸƤФĿͤ˴ؤʡʵѡˤɤ⤦ȤƤΤޡƥư򸫼äƤȤǤ礦ΰǡĿͤȤƤ嵭󤷤褦ʥɤˤäꥭååפǤμˡΧʳμˤȤ失Ƥȡ餬ΤμǡŬڤʥߥ󥰤ǡ˶ʤ顢ΤˤɬפȤƤ븽ȳ١ǵ魯ȤɬפȻפޤǽ餫ãΤ褦礬꤫ΰո֤äƤƤϡǸ褦˺٤塼¿ˡȯƤޤޤȤޤ褦ޤ

ϥֶȳ˵οͧͤ͡Ϥ⤪ڤꤷơʬɤƵʤƤ٤ͤƤȻפäƤޤͤθߤФȡ

ץ饤ХƥʥȤ˻äƤޤ


⤦ݤʤΤǾˡ֥ץ饤ХƥʥȡפȰΤĤƤޤޤʾСˡ̾ TokyoStartupSchool vol.4 ֥ȥåפĤ٤ץ饤Хȥƥ NOMAD NEW'S BASE by Startup Dating ˻äƤޤ


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żԡüԳư̤ˤޤƤϡ­Фҡ

ˡ̳by
  • ץ饤Хϼʾ󥳥ȥ븢鼫ʷ긢ޤǹ;ϤΤªɤ񤷤
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  • 饤եѤ줿Ŀ̤ͤѤ뤳ȤǸĿͼ롣ʤƤ⥻󥷥ƥ֤餿
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  • ץ饤Хƥ˴ؤޤƤ٤ˡΧɥ饤
    Ŀ;ݸˡ
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    ڤӼ絬ʡ̳١JIAAưƥ󥰹𥬥ɥ饤١
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    ݾƥ󥷥ǥȤ˴ؤͥåȵ򵤤ˤ褦
  • ָĿ;ݸˡХפȤΤϡ٥㡼ˤ褯ְ㤤٥㡼ǤϤʤġʥե쥳ˡܤϴˤιܤˡΧ­ĥäƻȤ٤ƤȤ¿ξְ㤤
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  • ֥٥㡼ƥץ饤ХˤĤƹͤ٤50Τȡʥ᥽åɡˡפ

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  • ܥġPersonal Data is the new oil of the Internet and the new currency of the digital world"ѡʥǥ륨Υߡä
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  • ѵפȤϹǤϤʤTerm of UseʤTerm of Serviceѵץ饤Хݥꥷˤ⡢ƤʤοɬסGoogleѵ󡦥ץ饤Хݥꥷˤϡfacebook⤢äơƤʤڤָ롣


ƤܤȻפäƤפȤΤäǤʹä̳ȥ٥㡼ȤθŪҥդΤäǤʤץ饤ХȥƥŪήˤĤƤ⣳Ĥ¦̤ޤȤʹȤǤΥС٥ȤäȻפޤΤα۸Τ˲äⶶ仳椵Ȥ줫ܤΥץ饤Х̳꡼ɤƤǤȤ񤤤ǤΤϤȤƤ򤷤äǤ


2012ǯꡢѵʥƤΣ˥ץ饤ХƥʥȤŤ줿櫓Ǥ2010ǯ餽ʤȻפäƤܤΥץ饤Х褿ޤϥ֤ˡץ饤ХΤҴ˴Ƥäˡ̳ƥǥƥƥγƥ饹γαҤ뤷ȿ󤸤ʤͽɺǤ

ϤޤޤڤǤ΢ȤƤǤ⡢Υơޤȥߥ˥ƥĹˤϤǤФȻפäƤޤ

ܡĥƻҲ Ȥȿʬɤǧ԰٤˲εʤʤϴ


ִƻҲפȤĤȥ򸫤ȡɤƻ륫ˤץ饤ХΤ褦ʤȤƤޤޤܤ夲ƤơޤϤǤϤʤȸIDɤХȥꥯѤ뤳Ȥ˸Ϥζ亹̤νĹ򾷤ΤȤäҲŪƶˤĤơ

ĤΤޤˤյķꤵ줿ֹˡơʥޥʥСˡơͤ䡢ҥӥIDѥɰʳܿʤƤƤʤɤˡäˤᤷܤǤ

ĥƻҲ񡡸Ŀͼ̥ƥοʲȥꥹĥƻҲ񡡸Ŀͼ̥ƥοʲȥꥹ
ԡǥåɡ饤
丵ڼ
(2010-09-25)
丵Amazon.co.jp



ͥ˲äñATM餪ФǤȸǧɬפȤʤ롣IDʤС۵ްŤʤ֥Ȥˤϥݤ졢񶭤Ǥϰ֤롣ܽǻϡIDȤ櫓ֹ̱IDƳؤȸĤĤ븽ߤηˤäưƤˤĤƳѤ褦Ȼפ
ʹߤˤƤϽϤ佻̱ɼȤäϿ䡢ʬ򼨤ʤɤˤäơȸϹ줿ǤϡޥåפߡХȥꥯǧڡˤ䡢¾ɤοȸǧԤIDɤˤϹֹ̱̱IDפȤơƤ졢ʤƤΤϥǡ١Ȥ³졢ȿ¦Ǥ¿θĿ;˥Ǥƴƻ뤬礹롣ɤ߹IDʤɤǿȸΥץѤǤʤܤξػ̱ǥǤ뤳Ȥǡ̱ΤޤѤ

NY˹Ԥޤ񡿽й񿳺ǤϻESTAϿ̿٤Ƥλؤλμ˲äݸȰɾ⤤եܥǥʡƿμˤ뤷Ĥθʤʤꤹߤߤޤǰ˿ޤˤΥե˥塼Բʻפ򤷤ޤǶǤϡʪäƤԥ塼Ȥ˰ˡư褬äƤȤݤ줿㤬ȤʹޤäοǼΤĤϡְ㤤ʤѥݡȤθĿͥǡɳդǿȸΤΥǡȤƥꥫܤΥǡ١¸ƤϤǤ

񶭤ޤݤˤϤäȸȴƻ˽虜򤨤ʤΤϤ礦ʤȤƤʤ䤽줹⾭Ūˤϲ褹٤꤫⤷ޤ󤬡ˡҤȤӡȹ̱IDɤͿԤȡˤƤ⤳Ʊ褦ʡȴƻ벼ɤˤ줫ͤʤˤĤơ桹ϤäȴĤ٤ǤΤȤƹι̱IDͿˡ㡦Ƥаޤɳ򤭤ʤ򤵤Ƥޤ

ȤСʲΥڡǤϡꥢǤǤƳƤ̱IDȤΥɤɤΤ褦ʥǡ١³ƤΤ򼨤ƤƤޤɤ֥ޥʥСˡƤɤ٤פˡΧηդǹͤƤȤäꤷʤ⡢äꥢʻܤˤӤʤͤȡɬޤḫƤΤ¿ϤǤ

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ޤäйȸϤȤǤʤִ̱ȿͤȤƤդ٤ȤȡԤϻŦޤ

IDƥƳϾ˵ȼäƤ㤨бѹƹ񡢥ե󥹡ȥꥢܡڹʤɡߤʤǤ롣⡢ۤȤɤξ硢Ѳγ˿ˤϤʤä礭ͳϡξɼΤ䡢ٻηȹԤ̳դΤǤϤʤȤΤƤƤǤ롣̱μͳȤϡ󤳤פǤϤΤܤ٤ʤΤϡIDɤŻŪեˡȤ櫓ȥ٥εϿƥ˰¸ƤȤǤ롣IDǤ뤫ɤˤ餺IDɥƥδƻ븢ϤθϤˤ롣ۤ͡ʤäƥ꡼ʬ줾ä򤹤뤿ˡ

ºݥꥫǤϡˡΧϵƤˤ⤫餺ӥ󶡤ˤäƼҲݾֹ󶡤̳Ȥ¿ޤʤˤĤƤ.Nat ZoneƹҲݾֹ(SSN)̱¤ʤȤáѻͤˤʤޤˡäΤ褦ˡ̱IDͿȡ˰͵򤷤ȸˤ͸ʤȤТͤŪ˶ʧͿ٤򲼤ˤĹΤȤԤλŦϡ桹ȿͤȤƵĤƤʤФʤʤȻפޤ

伫Ȥ⡢ˡ̳ȤơĿͤݤĸγμ¤ʲݤɻߤŪˡȵڤ佻̱Ģɤθǧޤ᤿ʤʿȸ򥵡ӥξȤ٤Ǥʤȿ˸ƤиޤܤǤδФǤȡ֤ޤɤɤΥӥǥ󥿥ŹäΤ褦ȵڤФֹ򹵤ꤷƤ顢̤ˤפȤʤ꤬Ǥˤ줬ɬפʤΤ䡢äƽ᤿ŪĶưѡŪѤˤĤʤʤޤᡢץ饤Х˴ؤ륿åʾˤĤơƥʤ⤯򽸤ᴶФ򸦤ޤƿŤ˹ͤ٤ˡ̳ѡˤϤص褦ˤʤǤ礦

ܡۥǥҲΥץ饤Х ƹܤåΥץ饤ХܤκƤϤ


ȥӥåǡȤȹưƥ󥰡ɤȤդХɲޤˤƤǡҲݾΤζֹƳ˸ưȯˤʤʤɡʤץ饤ХޤΥ˥塼꤬Ƥ褦ʵ뺣κΥޥɥʥɤ쵤˥եΤˤäƤ1ޤ

ǥҲΥץ饤Хֹ饤եŻҥޥ͡ǥҲΥץ饤Хֹ饤եŻҥޥ͡
ԡ۸Ϣ
丵һ׼
(2012-02)
丵Amazon.co.jp



ITӥͥ vs ץ饤Хפ˴ؤ륭ɤ򤳤ϰϤ˥СĤˡˤĤƳȽʥꥫʥɥġȥꥢڹ濴ˤޤƤޤȤɤҤϤʤΤǡܼˤʤäƶ̣륭ɤʣ褦Ǥ顢¤鷺ɤबȤȡ

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ʤ۸βƿ͸ʸΥݥƤ١ˤʤäƤȤȤ⤢äơ̱̣ȤΩ줫顢ֹΤʤɤϹФĿͤΥץ饤Хݸλ餫ʤΤŪΩȤäƤ뤢ꡢ¿ΥꥹϰǤˡΨŪˤ٤פȹͤʥӥͥɤλϡɤǤư´򴶤⤪뤫⤷ޤ󡣤ȤϤץ饤Х˴ؤƤϥӥͥɤΩʻ⡢ֹ˴ؤƤϡŻͻޤޤijʳƾģ狼ƽɤ³ʾ塢ֹ򤽤ǡ֤ŻפΥԡɤ䥳ȤŪ˲ȤϻפʤΤǡ۸βΰոˤϻäꤹΤǤ


äϤޤޥɥΥɤ򤷤٤¾˻䤬פܤΤ⤦Ĥ꤬ޤϥ󥹡åΡCODE2.0٤ΰѤ¿å򸽼¤ΥӥͥŬѤȤɤͤ뤫ˤĤƤθڤ¿ϤޤǡCODE2.0٤βܤ⤷ϡCODE3.0 ̳ԡ٤ɤǤǤϤʤۤɡ㤨Фʵҡ

ޤåϡپ󲽼Ҳˤơץ饤Х˴٤뤳ȤˤĤʤäװϡѤθΤǡֱ³Ūǰ¾夬ʡ״ƻ뤬ǽȤʤäȤǤȻŦ롣
ºݡʤǯβʬˤɤƻϩˤȤɤɤ˸ż֤Ե˾äƤȤȤäǡ󤵤СϡïɤͤƤפʥץ饤ХǤ롣顢ξˤƤϡץ饤Х꤬ʤʤɤȤȤʸǤ롣
ȤϤĤǤϡ¤󤷤ƸѤ뤿ˤ¿ʥȤɬפäΥȡĤޤꡢҤ4εװtacˡϡԾ졦ƥΤȡˤǤлԾˤꡢξˤץ饤ХϤޤǻ¾ƤΤǤꡢΤǡˡݸ󶡤ɬפʤäΤǤ롣äơSuicaICOCA쥸åȥɡETCNƥࡢƼŻҥޥ͡ƻӥǥˤǡ¸졢ΥǡѵѤ夹뤳Ȥˤäơ嵭Ȥ˲äƤޤäߤǤϡˡϤޤǤΤ褦ݸ̵ؿǤ櫓ǤϤʤΤǤ롣

åνҤȤϡ󥿡ͥå³ȥǥ륳ԡڤˤ٤̤˴ؤθڤȤޤäƤޤޤʬܤƤޤ󥿡ͥåȤ¸ߤ뤳ȤȤʤäȤ줫ˡ٤ΤͤdzʤʪȤäƤǤϤʤȻפޤˤĤơܤ˺äƤȶʥץ饤Х塼ȽŤͤʤ򿼤뤳ȤǤȤǤ⤪Ǥ롢γ̣ҤȻפޤ

ܡۥѥ֥å 롦ͥåȥΥץ饤ХּǤפդ


ˤդ륤󥿡ͥåȤȥץ饤Х˴ؤͧãƱΤβĴʤȡ褽ʥѥˤʤäƤȻפޤ

AFacebookȤtwitteräơդʤȥץ饤Х봶ݤ͡
B֤ʤ᤿餤̤ˤ̳櫓ʤ
A֤äơޥɥˤ⽢ˤ⥽ͥåȥ餤äƤʤȤ
B֤ʤ顢줿Х黵иǡǤǥåפ뤷ʤ󤸤ʤ


ܤǤϡĤǶޤǡ֥ץ饤ХȤϼʾɤޤǤ⥳ȥǤ븢Ǥסּʬ軰Ԥ˳ǤäƤ⡢˾ޤʤˤãʤΤʤפʤɤȤȥǥĬʤƤ򼫸ʾ󥳥ȥ븢̾դޤ˾⤹ˤä櫓Ǥˤ롦ͥåȥڤ褦ˤʤäơäĴʹʤʤޤΤ˸ȡˡϳؼԤζʽϤޤ¸ߤޤˡäƵޤƬƤΤβäBȯ˸褦ʡ֥ץ饤ХϤ⤽ⳫʬǤǤ2009ǯˤޤƱ褦ʤȤ򥨥åߥåȤäƤΤ⡢˿ȤǤ

Ҳ𤹤ܽإѥ֥å٤ԥա㡼ӥϡ"Τץ饤ХɤޤǤ⥳ȥǤɤȤͤΰʪȤʤäǡƬĤĤȤ٤ƤϼǤŪʹͤϡ򥷥뤳Ȥβͤ˳ƤޤȤ򴶤˰Фꤸ褦ɮäȤ狼ޤ


ѥ֥å줿ͥåȤβͤ粽ѥ֥å줿ͥåȤβͤ粽
ԡա㡼ӥ
丵NHK
(2011-11-23)
丵Amazon.co.jp



ΤȤ褯äƤ᤬ʲ

ץ饤ХϡޤǤ⡢Ƥ줫⡢͡ߤˤɤܤ뤫ȤäƤ롣ͤϤˡΧ롼䥨åȤƥΥȤ⤦Ȥ롣Ǥ⡢ɡ֥ץ饤ХפȤդˤҤȤĤΰ̣򤢤ƤϤΤԲǽǤϤʤȻפΤΤͤϡץ饤Хϡפȿ褦ˤʤäͤϤͤʤ򸫽Ф
ʤǤȡ꤬ȤͤäȤƤ⡢ξϤϰϤǥѥ֥åʤΤˤʤ롣줬äȥѥ֥åˤʤ뤫ɤϡʤǤͼƥ֤ͧͤΥܥ֤Υ뤳ȤǤСμɤȤʤФʤΤϥܥ֤ˤʤ롣ܥ֤¾ͤ˸äƤ⤤ȥƥ֤פäƤ뤫ɤ򡢥ܥ֤ϳΤɬפ롣ܥ֤ϡʤʬ¾ͤΤ蘆äǥƥ֤Ĥ뤿ᤫȤ⥹ƥ֤ؤλٱ򽸤ᡢ뤿ᤫȼʬȤʤФʤʤ
ȿФˡѥ֥åˤ뤳Ȥϡʬξ⤷꡼ˤäƤȤ顢Ϥξ򥷥뤳ȤߤʤΩĤɤȽǤɬפ롣⤷򥷥СͧͤΥ󤬸뵤ˤʤ꡼οϰ⤬Ƥ褦ʤ顢οǡθͤߤˤʤʤ꡼ϥɬפϤʤʤȤǡ¾Ԥƶ򤦤뤫⤷ʤǤˤ롣
ץ饤ХïξͤĤɤѥ֥åϾȯ뼫ʬȤĤɤȸäñ˸
ץ饤ХϡΤѥ֥åȤϡ֥

ա㡼ӥȤʤξѶŪ˳ƥåȤƤиλǤ뤳Ȥ顢֤äѶŪˡФ¦¦Ǥ̤Ȥäơ줺˾򥷥褦פǮäݤ뤳ܡλ˻ƱǡɤȤ꤭ʸդդˤϤˤ̵ƤʤʤΤϡǤ礦

ܽ١Ѥ뤤ĤΥץ饤Х˴ؤʥإ󡦥˥åХΡPRIVACY IN CONTEXTܥ֥Ǥ̤Ҳˡ٤˥롦J֤ΡUnderstanding Privacy٤ʤɡˤ⡢Ʊ˱ƶƻߤޤʤܤˤϡԤϤɤޤɤ߹Ǥ񤤤ƤΤפȼ򷹤ʤҤ¿ޤåΡCODE٤ɤȤͤˤȤäƤϡ֤ɤޤǥץ饤ХδФƤڤʤԤϡפȤӤäꤵ뤰餤γŷŪ⤬ŸƤޤ༫Ȥϥ٥㡼㡼ʥꥺबˡؤǤϤʤȤȤʤΤ̵⤢ޤ󤬡ɤʥץ饤ХˡԤȴ뤫⡣

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ȡյˤɸɾҤ٤Ƥޤޤ˥åХ䥽֤ȤäޤˮƤʤץ饤ХԤ礤˽ФϡޤߤΤʤܤΥץ饤ХԤ˾ʤ餺ƶͿǤ礦̹Ԥ˥ץ饤Х򶼤Ρ֥ޥʥǥˡפ˰ո۵ĤҤ٤뵡񤬤֥ѥ֥åפΰ㤤ܤǡ
ͤϥץ饤Хѥ֥åȶ碌ĤϤʤʤʤ顢٤ȿΤǤϤʤץ饤Хȥѥ֥åߤ˺ѤΤץ饤Х֥ѥ֥åǤʤȡפȤǤʤΤ
Ȥ륢ץϡμʤץ饤ХۤȤƤѻͤˤʤޤǿ夲ȡͥåȾΥץ饤Х˶̣ؿʤɤǤȤȤˤʤǤ礦ʤʤ㤳ƥ֥ǾҲʤ󤫤ޤ󤷾Сˡ

롦ͥåȥ֡Τ뺣̤ܽƤʬΥͥåȾǤΥץ饤ХΤˤĤƤߤƤϤǤ礦

زʸ֥󥿡ͥåȾ¸ߤԤΥץ饤ХȤκͤˤƼѤ뤳ȤˤĤƤˡŪƤ׽Фޤ


褦䤯ۤܤӤޤ

飱ǯ˾ͥåȥˡز񤵤ƤBLJ2009ǯ7ƻˤּҲͤʸ񤤤ƤߤƤϤɤפȤˤƶƤääƤߤ褦ȥꥵϤơ٤ߤȣե˻Ȥäƽ񤤤ʸκɤФزؾͥåȥӥ塼10٤˷ǺܤƤȤȤʤꡢˡ̳󤫤ȯޤ

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ȥϡ֥󥿡ͥåȾ¸ߤԤΥץ饤ХȤκͤˤƼѤ뤳ȤˤĤƤˡŪƤפǤȤͤˤФ俦̳Ȥ̤ˡͥåȾǸǤܿͤ񤭤֥Facebookεʤɤå԰٤ˤĤơץ饤Х塦ˡΧʤΤȤФɤΤ褦򥯥ꥢйˡŪ˼ѤǤΤȤˤĤơƤ򤷤ƤߤΤǤ

μɮΥȥˤ񤤤ƤޤʸɤޤȤޤäʸ񤯤Ȥ˴ʤõǽ񤤤ǿʸǤΤǡƥϿ䤷Τ٤ǡʾСˡǺܤƤ¾ΰΤˤϿʤʤȶ̤ȤȤˡĺϤزδطԳư̤ˤϿ鿽夲¸ޤǡȤαʱΥơޤǤͤȥץ饤ХεˡSNS濴Ȥ󥿡ͥåȾǤθĿ;󥪡ץ󲽤Ȥ̳ˤɤƶͿƤΤȤܤǥꥢʥͥ߰θФϡ̳ɤοʹ֤ʤǤϤղòͤ򾯤ϽФΤʤȡ餷Ƥޤ

ĿŪˤϡͥåȾΥץ饤ХϡƱͤ⤷Ϥʾ˺٤ȤȷбĤˤ礭ʱƶڤܤƤΤͽ¬Ƥޤǡ­ˤʬǸ򿼤ƥץ쥼󥹤ȯƤʤȻפޤ

̣ޤ顢Źˤʸˡ̳web餴йǤ

FacebookѤƤּ̿Υץ饤Х


줫ϡͧãʬ̿˻Ȥ٤ˡмȻפƤFacebook˥åפä黣ʤǤ͡פȤϤääΤޤȤá


󥵥ΤȤǸعǡ˻ҵܤθΤȰ˼̿򻣤äǸFacebookˤ򥢥åפȤѡХ˸Ĥä®ؽʬˤʤäȤǡǸ¦Ƚޤ

ȯüȤʤäμ̿Sarah Beth RN blogˡ
¡Ϥμ̿˼夤ϡϤäꤴˤʤʤۤΤޤΤա

placenta


κȽˤơ󥵥ȽϤΤ褦˽Ҥ١ؤȤعνʬȽǤޤ¹ѤˤʤäƤޤƼϤ

Judge Says Its Reasonable For Any Photo Taken To Go Viral. A Dangerous Precedent?Forbes
[P]hotos are taken to be viewed. When DelphiaǸعΥѡХ granted permission to take the photos, it was unreasonable to assume that they would not be viewed. If the photos were objectionable, to say nothing of objectionable to the point warranting expulsion from the nursing program, then it would not have mattered whether the photos were viewed on Facebook or elsewhere. By giving the students permission to take the photos, which Delphia admitted, it was reasonable to anticipate that the photos would be shown to others.

̿Ȥϡξ̤Ͽïȶͭ뤿ΤΤǤäơٻ뤳Ȥǧ᤿ʾϡɤ˽Фï˸褦FacebookˤΤ褦Τǧ᤿¦ʸڹ礤ǤϤʤȸФȽ衣

FacebookǤϡ̤ǯγΰԵͧã˼̿ˤäƥåפ졢̾Υդ뤳ȤdzعХƤϤʤ˥Х롢Ȥץ饤Х꤬ȯƤޤΤȽϡѤƤForbesǤʤABAjournalεʤ͡ˡΧϥ֥ˤƤ⡢֥ץ饤Х尭ˤʤ䤷ʤפ礭ʵƤǤޤ

˼̿򻣤뼫ͳǧ᤿ǡ̿򥢥åץɤ뼫ͳץ饤Хˤä󤷤Ƥ
˼̿򥢥åץɤ뼫ͳǧ᤿ǡ̿򻣤뼫ͳץ饤Хˤä󤷤Ƥ
ޤǤΥץ饤ХιͤǤϡɤ餫ȤУäȻפޤȽϣΩȤäΤȸǤ礦

ϤȽιͤˤϴŪ˻ΩǤʤȡɤͧãǤäƤֺλϼ̿ˤϻʤǤ롩פȸʤФʤʤ̤ơϤǥ㥯ˤʤꤽʵ⤷ޤ

ˤ衢Facebook䤿˿ץ饤Х꤬⤿餵ƤȤȤϡɤְ㤤ʤ褦Ǥ

ܡʸνޥ˥奢 ؼԤ⤹ʤʸȤդΤ򡢥꡼ޥ⤷ƤߤȤƤʤ


ǯǯϡʤǤʤޤȤޤäȤ򤷤Ƥߤ褦ȤȤǡزͽʸߤʤΤ񤤤Ƥޤ

䤬֥ǤΤ񤯤ΤϡΤΤιͤȿ̶դ˳󼫿ȤͤƤꡢҲ𤹤󤬳λŻΤ˾ǤΩƤФȻפäƤΤȤʤΤǤ֥ʤƼ­ȤȽ⺬Τޤɬ⤽ϻפޤ󤱤ɡ

ǡ⤦ʬοȷи䥢ǥҲΩƤƻϤʤȹͤȤȤˤϻƤܤ̮ʤǤʤñǤȤΤ⤽ӤʤΤǡؿӤƬȥФǤʸߤʤΤ񤯤ȤˤƤߤޤʤΡ֥꡼ޥʸ񤤤Ƥߤ顩פäƥǥΤïܤɤΤǤפФޤ󡦡


ȤϤʸʤƤۤȤɽ񤤤Ȥʤ䡣ʻǤ⤳ˡʤ񤱤󤸤ʤȻפ碌Ƥ줿ΤܤǤ

ʸνޥ˥奢롽ƥå׼ꥵάΤ (ͭե)


ܤǤϡʸ񤭤ޤǤΥƥåפ礭3Ĥʬƹͤޤ

ޤϡ֥ơޤȤͤ餤ηס
ơޤʬμ館륨ꥢ˹ʤߡ˴˽ФƤϢʸɤߵäơԸ椬ʤɤͤ餤ˤĤƼʬʤο̣Ф뤫ƤޤʾΩƤͤޤ

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ˡ֥ꥵס
ϢʬδܽʸԸɤƼʬΥơޤ˴ؤȥԥåԥååפʸ˼ŹäƤ󥫡ɤ˰Ѥʬ伫ʬΥǥ񤭽ФƤį᤿¤ؤꤷʤ顢ޤʾΩƤˤääƹԤޤ

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Ǹˡּɮž夲פǤ
񤭽ФԤϰ
åγʬϹ֤ʤ
ե٥åȤϲ񤭤ˤ1ޥ2
ʤɤμɮδܥ롼ʤ顢󥫡ɤ򻲹ͤˡǽΥƥåפǸƤơޤȤͤ餤碌ơ񤭢򤹤ޤ

äˡʸ䥢ǥ󥫡ɤˤޤȤƤȤˡȤäƤ狼䤹ǤTwitterǤĤ֤䤤RTȤ֥ˤޤȤ봶ФˤƤơʤ鼫ʬǤ񤱤ȤˤƤܤȻפޤ


ʤ䤬ޤȤ᤿ΤϡĿ;ݸˡܤθĿ;ݸнżɤƤˤĤƤǤ

ȤĿ;Ѥ̡Ǥ⤹٤ƤδȤԤϤκͤξ̤ˤԤΥץ饤Х˴ؤμ谷ˡץ饤Хݸ꤭θĿͤǤϤʤȤλªĿ;ݸѤΥХ󥹤Ȥ륢ǥõäƤߤȻפäƤޤĿͤSNS˽񤭹ȤΤ褦˺ôԤˤ⻲Ȥ줿ȡȤ򽸤褦ȻפнƤޤξ󲽼ҲˤơĿͤȤƲи礹٤ȤĿ¦λޤޤ뤳ȤˤʤǤ礦

ޤޤˡꥵΥƥåפ򤹤ƤȤǡĤ󽽿֤ޤ٤߽λޤǤ˲񤭤ޤǤ꤭뤫1ܤΡڤ˴֤˹礦Τ԰¤Ǥ⤦Ǹää񤯤̵ʤޤʾСˡؿӤ񤱤ϰϤǽ񤱤ΤΤ񤤤Ƥߤ뤳Ȥˤޤ

ܡUnderstanding Privacy ܤΥץ饤Х˳FacebookȤ̾ι


亮ȥؤǶܤȤ˥롦J֡ITΥץ饤Х꡼ɤؼԤΰͤǤ

Υ֤ľ졣


Understanding Privacy
Daniel J. Solove
Harvard University Press
2008-05-30



I contend that the value of privacy must be determined on the basis of its importance to society, not in terms of individual rights. Moreover, privacy does not have a universal value that is the same across all contexts.

Ūʥץ饤ХХåꡣ֥ץ饤ХΤ줿ʤȤ¾ͤΤʤΡȿ͸ɤס֤Ŀͤϼʬξ򥳥ȥ뤹ȸɤäƤפȻפäƤܤˡΧȤϡǤϤΤ褦ʹͤϤäꤵϤƤ뤳Ȥ򡢤ޤΤäƤɬפǤ礦

Ǥϡץ饤Х٤뼡ˡȤϲꥫΥץ饤ХȽ㡦ˡǼήȤʤäƤΤϡreasonable expectations of privacy doctrineʹŪʴԸ"ȸƤФ롢δĶˤư̿ͤŪϰϤǴԤǤ٤ˤݸȤ֤ͤϤˤ̿Ūʷ٤ȻŦޤ

Without a normative component to establish what society should recognize as private, the reasonable-expectations approach provides only a status report on existing privacy norms rather than guides us toward shaping privacy law and policy in the future. Indeed, if the government has a long-standing practice of infringing upon privacy, then a logical conclusion would be that people should reasonably expect that their privacy will be invaded in these ways. Similarly, the government could gradually condition people to accept wiretapping or other privacy incursions, thus altering society's expectations of privacy.

˽˲⤹СֹŪʴԡפʤɤȤΤϡ夬ƤǮʤꡢŤʤޤʨƭƻǤޤǥƱǤ롢ȤȤǤ礦
ǤϤɤ٤֤ϡץ饤ХΤΤդΤǤϤʤ֥ץ饤Х򶼤ưˤϲ뤫פʬषª뤳ȤǡˤäѲץ饤ХѤªƤȤ󾧤Ƥޤܤܽˤơ


䤬ܤΤϡFacebookȤĤܤˤⲡ󤻤Ƥ顣ȤŤ줿㤨ǤϹȻפޤ֥ץ饤ХȤܿͤˤȤäƤαʱΥ֡פ˳Ǥ

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ºݡΥȥĺȤǤ⡢ֺͳưFacebookȤʤơ֤ǽϤ΢򤵤Ƥ褦ǵפȤݤΤո򤴾Ҳ𤤤ޤޤ92728NewYork TimesWashinton PostǤϡꥫܤFacebookǤ̿Ƥwire tapping˵ˤ٤ƤƤȤƻޤФܤǤƻϤƥ֤Ǥȿ򸫤ƤƤ⡢Υ֡ռ϶ΤʤȻפޤ

U.S. Tries to Make It Easier to Wiretap the InternetNewYork Times
Essentially, officials want Congress to require all services that enable communications ? including encrypted e-mail transmitters like BlackBerry, social networking Web sites like Facebook and software that allows direct peer to peer messaging like Skype ? to be technically capable of complying if served with a wiretap order. The mandate would include being able to intercept and unscramble encrypted messages.

䤿ܿͤϡܳŪʼ̾ץ饤ХFacebookΰϤˡڷФ˾ΤDZΤˡ̳ѡȤơζϤǡĬܤϤिᡢƤäƤץ饤Хˤʤ뤿ˤ⡢ͽ򤷤ƤȤ򤪤ᤷޤ

ͤˤơֱԤΥץ饤ХפȡִȤˤ륻󥷥ƥ־פϤɤ餬ͥ褹뤫

ͤˤơֲʬƤޤäԹΰȤϱҤפȤԤΥץ饤Хȡ֥ꥢͥʤǤʤʪˤΤʤͺѤʿꤿפȤȤΥ󥷥ƥ־Ȥ̤ͤޤ

äˡԤȺĨ򡢴Υ󥷥ƥ֤ʾץ饤ХݤˤƱƤˡȤȤĴɤޤǹԤȤǤΤǺޤ⤢Ǥ礦

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˴ؤǤǥꤷƤߤȻפޤӤ˳ФΤǤԡôԡˡ̳ϡ󥸤ƤߤƤ


ǥ

ʤϣسҤκǤԤǤ

ʤβҤκͤˡȽޤǤʤˤΤ󤬱礷Ƥޤ󡢼ʬ򤬤פʤƤȤͤϤޤ󡣤Ƥʤ⡢ήȤĹȤи⤢ͤɤʣβˡʤȤȤϤޤäΤޤǤ

Ȥ֤⤷TwitterȤFacebookȤäƤʤʡפȶ̣̤ܰGoogleǸƤߤȤҥåȤƤޤäΤǤȤǼǤŽĤ줿Դμ̾ƻ

ϤǤ˥ȥåץ饹ɾǣܤ̲ᤷǧ٤ܤͽꤵ졢ˤФȤƤǤٱľȡ֣ҤζԿΤᾭ԰¤򴶤࿦פȵܤƤޤǤ礦ƻƤλȤŤʤäƤޤ

ʤϺôԤȤơΤȤɤΤ褦ˤΣн褷ޤ

ʼڡ³
ۣˤ³ƤͤǤΡ֥󥷥ƥ־פμ谷

ܤǤSNSȤäԤΥХå饦ɥåԤƤ뤳ȡƤˤĤƤϡΥ֥Ǥⲿ٤夲ƤޤɤĺϤ狼ˤʤäƤ뤫⤷ޤ󤬡ŪѤȤ񹳴Ϥˤ衢ϥХå饦ɥåSNSѤ뤳ȤϡSNSܿͤ¿ѶŪ˾򤷤ƤȤ⡢ˡǤϤʤȤǤʥɥĤǤϰˡˤʤǽФƤƤȤ˥塼ϵˤʤȤǤˡ

ǡΥǥǽФƤ褦ʡܿͤޤʤǥͥåȾǹޤäȺȤä󥷥ƥ־ϡԤȤΩܿͤˤȤäƤϴȤˤäȤΤ줿ʤץ饤ХˤǤΤ褦ʾ򡢺ͤѤƤΤǤ礦

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ǺޤФФƤʸ񡦥ɥ饤ǤϤɤʤäƤ뤫ȤȡȰˡȤ˴Ť𼨤򺬵ˡֿ̳ǽϤȽǤ˴طΤʤϼƤϤʤʤפΰФǡˡŪˤϤۤȤƧ߹Ǥޤ

غѤȿ͸١ԻϫƯ ѽ
ƥ()ܤҡ²οȤʤɤ񤫤ѻ桦ȥ꡼ȤϡФФƤϤޤ󡣵ɼˤϺѾϫƯƤ̳ԾɬפŬǽϤ˴طΤʤ׷ϵܤʤǤP63
ܤˤơĶۤʤɤʹƤϤޤ󡣡P72
ͤŪȤŪʷ򹯿Ǥ»ܤƤϤޤ󡣡P79
Ѥ˴ؤȸĴФˤʤǤP81

ʼڡ³
ʤʤˤϽФʤŤʼ̳ȤθƤ̤ä

ץ饤ХȤʤȵڤӹˤʤΤ̳Ȥ˶ŪƧ߹ͤ⤢ޤ¿ޤ󡣤Τᡢ̳ǤΤ褦ʻ˽Ф魯Ӥˡ̤˸Ƥ򤨤ʤˤޤ

ޡбˡ⸦64ϫƯˡ̳ˤơַбĸˤϫƯԤο͸ץ饤Хθ³פꤹ륻ߥʡäȤξΥ֥Τ®ꤷޤ

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βǤϡ۸2̾ʡ۸1̾3̾ˤֱ顦ѥͥǥåͻҤ񤭵ǤޤȤƲäƤޤ̤ˤ䤵ƤʤǤΤ̾Ϻޤ̾۸θϡθɬפб¦ȤƤξץ饤Х̤ͥȹͤƤ⤤̤ϡ̤˹ͤƤäȹªƤ⤤ΤǤϤʤפȤǤ

ͤޤǤˡפʲȴ褷ƤޤȤƤޤ

ˤˡθƤ

ŬϢӡ˾ưʤ
ͤɬԲķʾǤꡢϹˡ
˿ͳʴϢ󡡡ۡѤʤ
Ǥо̤ͥˡ
exɩ
˼ϼվ󡡡²ط֡ľʤ
ץ饤Х̤ͥΤǼϰˡֲ²פ
ž̿Ȥδطǡޤ֡פϰθ̳Ȥδ
ǡ̤ͥƯǽ⡣

μʤˤĤƤΰˡƤ

˿ʹθ
ʪˤΤǤФޤä꤬ʤ
ĴҤؤΰ
졼˶ᤤʤȤäƤ⤢ꡢ֤ʤ
ʤȤ狼äΤפȤȤˤʤǽ
롣ĴҤʪѤˤĤƤϿŤθɬ
ס
۸ξȲ
ˡȤְ㤨ȡȲ򤫤۸Τޤ
ƤޤäǤ롣
exǹ۾56ǯ414ȽԻʾȲ
˼ʿؤεܡܤǤμ
Ԥμͳջ֤˴ŤƹԤ碌ΤǤйˡ

ʼڡ³
ȤξԤΥץ饤Хο路Ϥ

Ȥκͤˤơץ饤ХϤɤޤºŤ٤Ⱥʤɤκ;嵤ˤʤ餶ʤ󥷥ƥ־ˤĤƤ⡢ץ饤Хͥ褷ʤФʤʤΤ

ΰոϡΥ֥Ǥⲿ٤ޤȤƽҤ٤Ƥޤʲ󥯻ȡˡδ碌ƤȡʤȤڡ۸θΣˤĴҤȤäƱԤĴΤõˡ꤬ȻפäƤޤڡˤΡּʿǤդǹԤפȤΤ⡢ǤդȤϤݤܤ˸Ƥ櫓ǡ¾嶯ˤʤޤͤʤɤʤɡͤùߤʤ¿ޤ

ˡΧ塢ܤʹƤϤʤ
ͤˤƴȤõ塦Ĵ̤ѤƹݤȽǤ뤳ȤϰˡȤʤʤΤ

丫ʤ顢ǶǤSNS濴ȤͥåȥϤˤäƸĿͤȤѤεˤƤǡȤϷбĴĶϫƯԾѲб줺񤷤ƤִȤϾϫƯԤ⶯ʤϫƯԤϼ٤ˡפȤ褫ιޤϡĤĤ褦˻פޤ

Τ褦ʤȤƧޤȡ˾Ҳ𤷤۸Τθˤ⤢褦ԤΥץ饤Х⡢Ȥξͥ褵٤̤Ƥ⤷ʤפϤƤޤ

ܡHarboring Data SNSˤץ饤ХβϡֹŪʴԡפɤ뤫ˤäƤ


֥ץ饤ХϼʬȥǤΡסּʬΤ줿ʤȤ¾ͤ븢פȤͤʹԤ᤮ץ饤ХнŤĬФĶˤäƤϡδԤ󤵤礬ΤǤϤʤäˡʬ¾ͤ˾򺹤ФϡϤ伫ʬΥȥ벼ˤ̵ΤǤϤʤȤȤϡΥ֥ǤҤ٤ƤޤFacebookϤȤSNS򸫤ƤȡޤΥץ饤Х˴ؤ르ϼޤꤽ⤢ޤ

桢FacebookmixiʤɤSNSˤǡץ饤ХˤĤơˡΧȤƶŪ˸ڤƤܤϤʤõ³褦䤯é夤Τ1ܡ

Harboring Data: Information Security, Law, and the Corporation (Stanford Law Books)


ܤ10ϤǤϡŪȤä󥷥ƥ־ޤϿ¥Facebookȡ񹳤ʤץϿ桼Ȥδ֤ǼºݤȯĤΥȥ֥򥱡ǥȤƼ夲ʤ顢SNS󶡤ȤȤ餦ץ饤Хݸε̳ȡ桼ĥǤץ饤ХˤĤƸƤƤޤ
  • åեγǥեȤΥץ饤ХδˤˤäƳعɤϳä԰٤ˤäơȿ줿ȥ֥
  • Compare MeɤȤͧͤɾ󥭥󥰤륢ץꥱǡïïˤɤɼ򤷤Ȥϳäȥ֥
  • FacebookӡȤäưƥ󥰹𤬡FacebookȤ᤿ѵ˰ȿƤˤʤäȥ֥

ɤȤʤäƤΤreasonable expectationɤʤֹŪʴԡȤա

ϤΡreasonable expectationɤȤɤ˿Ƥ顢ץ饤ХȤϡĥԤ˾˰θǧΤǤ⡢Υץ饤ХΤꤨԤ˰Ūʼ̳ݤΤǤʤξԤδطˤäƷִԸפ˲᤮ʤΤǤϤʤȡδԸȡŤϡΥץ饤Хͭ줬ġֶס֥ΥפΤ褦ʤΤ礭ΤǤϤʤȡͤ褦ˤʤޤ

ʾʤȤ⡢CEOΥåСȤThe Age of Privacy is OverɤȹͤƤ褦Facebookͧãȶͭץ饤ХȤΤϡï⤤ʤ̤ȸä2ͤǶͭΤȤˤδԸȡŤä٤Ǥ礦

ªȡSNSȼԤ¦ȤƤϡξ줬˻ġޤϤ줫ܻؤȤֶס֥Υפ򡢥桼ˤΤ򤵤뤫ȤȤˤʤäƤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

Facebook˸¤餺ץ饤Х򥪥ץȥ̳뤳ȤDz褷褦ȤϤ˶ޤäƤޤʣѵɤޤ̵ץȥäƤäƤ⡢ֶפ֥ΥפȤ褦ʤΤȤϻפ桼ǽ򤱤ޤ󡣤ɤ褷ƤˡSNSϤȤ륤󥿡ͥåȥӥξŪʲ꤬褦˻פޤ

Kindle̤ƻۡ׹ͤϳ줹붲


ƥΥοʲ¤˳褫ҲΤθΤˤϡץ饤Х٤Ȥ⤢ȻפޤϤäȵդ⡣

Is Amazon peeking over Kindle users' shoulders?(msnbc)
Kindle users who highlight passages will now have a record of those highlights sent back to Amazon servers, where they will be compiled and sorted to help produce a new feature called "Popular Highlights."
It's possible Kindle users are unaware that they are contributing to the "popular highlights " feature, which launched quietly to some users who downloaded the latest version of Kindle software beginning last month. Popular Highlights is turned on by default.

Kindleܤɤߤʤϥ饤ȡʥޡ󥰡ˤƤȡAmazonΥС˥եɥХåơ֥ݥԥ顼ϥ饤ȡפȤƶͭȤǽäɲä졢ǥեȤǥˤʤäƤǤ
s-kindle2

ܤȤΤϡʤ㤤ʪǤǤĿͤλۡ׹ͤȤмʤΤ⤷ޤ󤬡ϤŪŪܤȤϡ̾ɳդǹ򤬻ĤAmazon𤷤ʤʡȻפäꤹ뤳Ȥޤ

εǽɲäϡܤΡȥȥɤΥ٥ӱۤơȥƥ󥹡ɡȥɡɥ٥Ǥοͤλۡ׹ͤ졢˻ȤȤȡޤĤϤʤȤʤȤפäƤޤŤʤˤȤΤϡʳλΥץ饤ХФǤϡޤ񹳤ؤޤ

Amazon⡢ʥ桼ȿʬäǡFacebookץ饤ХǥեȥˤȤáƤΤˤ⤫餺ˤΡ֥ݥԥ顼ϥ饤ȡץӥμ¸ȿʤ˸ƥǥեȥƧڤäΤǤ礦

Τⶦͭ줿ꤹǤ礦ȤEvernoteʤ󤫤Ʊ褦ʤȹͤƤꤷơ

֥ץ饤ХȤϲפ̤ꥫοץ饤ХݸˡƤܤθĿ;ݸˡϤ뤫˵ΤˤʤäƤ


ϡܤǤ̤ϤäʤޤޤΡ֥ץ饤ХȤϲʤΤפꥫǤϿˡΧˤäƥϥå褦ȤƤȤäǤ

New privacy bill makes your location, sexual orientation "sensitive info"ars technica
The bill isn't particularly long, and compared to laws in other countries, it's not particularly strict. But it does provide a decent privacy baseline in the US, providing limited protection for "covered information" and much tougher protection for "sensitive information."

ץ饤Хݸɬٹ礤2ʳʬơ㤤covered informationɡ⤤sensitive informationɤ̾Ť⤽ζŪܤΤŪʤˡơ

covered informationΥꥹȤǡ
  • The first name or initial and last name
  • A postal address
  • A telephone or fax number
  • An e-mail address
  • Unique biometric data, including a fingerprint or retina scan
  • A Social Security number, tax identification number, passport number, driver's license number, or any other government-issued identification number
  • A financial account number, or credit or debit card number, and any required security code, access code, or password that is necessary to permit access to an individuals financial account
  • Any unique persistent identifier, such as a customer number, unique pseudonym or user alias, Internet Protocol address, or other unique identifier, where such identifier is used to collect, store, or identify information about a specific individual or a computer

餬sensitive informationΥꥹȡ
  • Medical records, including medical history, mental or physical condition, or medical treatment or diagnosis by a health care professional
  • Race or ethnicity
  • Religious beliefs
  • Sexual orientation
  • Financial records and other financial information associated with a financial account, including balances and other financial information
  • Precise geolocation information<
äsensitive informationݤϡexpress opt-in consentĤޤŪʥץȥƱդäǤʤNGȤ̳ĤƤޤ

ĤΥȤǤˡƤФɾ򸫤ƤȡIP AdressUnique biometric dataʻʤɤξˤcovered informationäƤΤϴˤ󤸤ʤפȤȽ䡢geolocation informationʰ־ˤsesitive informationäΤϸ󤸤ʤפȤܤޤäƤޤ

ԤˤĤƤϵ;ϤϳΤˤʤȻפĤġԤˤĤƤϡͤƤꥢ륿webǰ־󤬸뤳ȤϴȻפäƤʤTwitterǤ⸽ϤϷ褷ƤĤ֤䤫ʤ˻ȤƤϡδФˤȤƤⶦޤ

ݤäơܤθĿ;ݸˡϤɤȸС
ˡΧˤơָĿ;פȤϡ¸Ŀͤ˴ؤǤäơ˴ޤޤ̾ǯ¾εˤθĿ̤ͤ뤳ȤǤΡ¾ξưפ˾ȹ礹뤳ȤǤˤθĿ̤ͤ뤳ȤǤ뤳ȤȤʤΤޤࡣˤ򤤤
äƤǡץ饤Хٹ礤䡢ˤ̳ηڽŤʤ󤫤ʤȽȽ㤦ޤǥץ饤ХǤ䤨뤫ɤʬʤ֤Ǥ顢٤ȤäƤޤäޤ

ȽѤ߽ŤͤƤäˡϤΩƤΤܤΥι񥢥ꥫˡΧǸȵ̳ʸˡι񤳤ܤ˥ץ饤ХȤε̳ˡΧǤä구ꤹȤΤäǤʤۤɡꥫҲǤϴIṮδפȤʤäƤȤȤʤΤǤ礦

ơܤˤƥץ饤ХФռ졢ˡƤǤΤϡ줫鲿ǯˤʤǤ礦

ޤץ饤Хּʾή̤ƼҲζҤȤ븢פȻפäƤΡ


ץ饤ХˤϡŵŪץ饤ХѶŪץ饤ХȤ롣ŵŪץ饤ХȤϡĿͤλ˴ؤʻˤ䤽줬¾鱣Ƥ괳Ĥʤ֤׵᤹븢򤤤ޤѶŪץ饤ХȤϡʤξ뤳ȤǤ븢򤤤

WikipediaΡ֥ץ饤Хפιˤ⤽ʤȤ񤫤Ƥ褦ˡץ饤ХἫʾ󥳥ȥ븢ȤͤⲽĤĤ뤳κ

Ǥ⤳줫ϡʤȤäƤȤäȻ٤ˤʤȤȤ򡢺Ͼ⤷ƤߤȻפޤ


ǡ֥󲽤ʬȤϰ⤭

䤬ץ饤ХϤϤ伫ʾ󥳥ȥ븢ǤϤʤʤäΤǤϤʤȤȥ򥷥꡼3ϢꤷΤ2008ǯ10
ܡۥץ饤ХˡΧ̳?ץ饤ХȤϡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ɤʤΤʣ
ܡ۾󲽻Υץ饤Х?ץ饤ХȤϡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ɤʤΤʣ
ܡ۸Ŀͥǡݸ?ץ饤ХȤϡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ɤʤΤʣ

λפοѤƤ줿Τǯ1˴Ԥ줿Ρݥȡץ饤Х ٤ȤܤǤ


ȤȸĿͤΥǥƥƥȤϡĸĿͼȤΤΤȤƤȤŻҥꥹȤϡĿͤγˡ̤ΥǥƥƥĤиĿͤˤȤäʬȤΤ褦ʤΤǤ롣ǡ߽Фʬȡʥ֥ˤǤ뤳Ȥ顢ФФϡǡ֥ȸƤФ롣
⤽ĿͤΥǥƥƥϡ¾ͤľܤꡢ߹԰٤ǷΤäƸĿͤϡ˴ؤƴȤϤʤޤǤ⡢٤İƤġͤϼΥǥƥƥĤ븽¿ΩäƤǡ֥ϡθĿͤΰռľγ¦ǤĤƤΤǤ롣

ʬΥʤǡ֥ǡ֥פʬʬȤȤƯ֥ǡ֥פ򸫤ͤˡ֤οͤϤʿͤפȤĿͥ᡼Ƥ
ˤƤϡʾ򥳥ȥ뤹븢ʤɡڤ֤٤ʤ

ּҲǰ⤭Ŀͥ᡼ʥǡ֥ˤϡʬʥǡˤ¾ͤ˺Фʾ塢Ϥ䥳ȥǤΤǤϤʤפȤϡͺॵӥ˷ȤäƤϡޤȩǴƤȤǤ

ῦԤȤҤȤοʹ֤ꥢ󥵥륿ȤȤָĿͤΰռľγ¦פˤ¸ߤˤäơ֥ǡ֥פȤʬȤ˻ΩƤ졢ꥢ󥵥륿Ȥμ̤ǵῦԤ鲿뤫ˤäơῦԤʬȤ֥ǡ֥פѲη̡ʹȤ˿κѲݤȤ¤ܤˤƤΤǤ顣


ͥåȤ˾򺹤ФȤϸ

ˡǶΥ饦ɡԥ塼ƥ󥰤ˤץ饤Х˴ؤơͥåȥˡز񸦵˻äƤĮ¼۸ΤtwitterǤȯ򤵤Ƥޤ

˻䤬ʼ碌Ȥ
Į¼顣
Ȥδ֤Ǥ⡢ͥåȼҲǸĿ;󼫸ʥȥ븢ĥ뤳ȤŤͤˤʤĤĤȤϤäܷ⤷Ūʽִ֤Ǥ


ʬȤ򼫤ץ⡼Ȥ³ŪϤ

ץ饤ХȤΤʬȤǤϥȥǤʤΤˤʤĤĤȤʤСä桹礹ҲζҤǤɤΤ褦٤ʤΤ

ϡĤΥȥ򡢤ʤä֤äǷǤޤ
ץ饤ХΰʤƸۤȤ狼ä顢ʤդ˵ڤˤʤäƤ
ΡȥǥƥƥξѲˤ碌ƥץ饤ХξѲƤɤȤȤ줫οץ饤ХιͤǤȤˤĤƤϡޤεˡ

䤤ФʤϤǤ

ҲζҤǤƱˡǥƥƥξǤ⤢ͥåȡӣΣӤȤˤơ¾ͤ˥ǡ֥򾡼˺餻ΤǤϤʤʬȤѶŪˡ󤸤ƥǡ֥פ־񤭡פ³ƤΤץ饤ХΤʤΤǤϤʤ

ʤȤ伫ȤϡʤȤͤʤ顢blogtwitterȸäƤޤ

ץ饤ХΰʤƸۤȤ狼ä顢ʤդ˵ڤˤʤäƤ


BtoCʻȤ˷Ȥȡץ饤ХݤǤ⤫뤳Ȥˤʤꡢϥץ饤ХϢθФꤷƤ䡣

Ŀ;ݸˡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ؤΰ´ˤĤƤϰڤĤ줿Ȼפߤʤץ饤ХäƤ㤢ɤʤʤΤʹ֤ϲ鲿ǽŪ˼ȤƤΤ뤳Ȥ̤ƤǤΤˤĤƤϡʬǸ첽ǤƤʤäΤǤ

ΥơޤDzܤɤǡܤȤνв񤤤ƬΥץ饤Х򤹤äꤵ뤭äȤʤޤ

֥ץ饤Хפů



֥ץ饤ХפȤդΩ
äˡ֥ץ饤١ȡפȤΰ㤤
ץ饤Хˡ
ץ饤ХᤰŪΩ
ɳ򤭤ʤ顢ץ饤Хե졽򵯤ҴˤʤꤹƤΤǤϡȤȤĥԡ

ǥȤФʹʤä˥ץ饤ХȤǰޤ졢

饸ƥӤȤäȤˤ󤬣n˹ǥޤ줿Ȥǥץ饤ХΤƤ

󥿡ͥåȤˤץ饤ХʤǥǡȤnn̵̸򴹤֤ˤޤǵ޷ˡֿפƤޤä

ΤԤĥ褦ˡ䤿ϡǥοȥץ饤ХȤΥХ󥹤μ˸ǤФǡޤޤդ礦ȤǤƤȤϸʤ֡

ʤǤΤ
ϡ䤿ץ饤ХȤΤϼ꤭ΤʤȤۤƤ

ʹ֤ʰռ¸ߤǤꡢ¾ԡפȤδ֤ǶĥݤʤƤʾ塢ĥ٤ǽʸ¤㤯ꤷ֥ץ饤Х֡פϤĿͤˤȤäƲ餫ηɬפϤޤǤ⡢ĥ֥ۤѥ֥åʶ֡פȤΥϥĤȤ̣ǤɬǤäơ̤dzȤξǤʡ֥ץ饤ХפȤΤϤʤ۲줿Τ٤Ǥʤ
ޤޤʱƶͿäƤʾ塢ˤϲ餫طϤǤꡢֲ¾ͤ˴ΤʤפȤ̣ǤŪʡ֥ץ饤ХפϡҲֿʹ֡פǤ¤겿ͤĥʤ
ֻפ֥ץ饤ХפĥСֻװʳïιưμͳäˡɽμͳפΤ븢פʤɤݤ뤳Ȥˤʤ롣դˡŪΰˤֻꤵ줿ץ饤Хפ򾡼ˡɤС¾ͤʤΤ򸫤Բˤ뤳Ȥ⤢롣
ɤΤȤ֥ץ饤ХפȤΤϡҲ̩ܤʷҤʤƤʹ֤ߤ˴ĤʤǤ褦ˤȤĤ߽ФˡǤäơ켫ΤŪʲͤǤϤʤȤΤȤƿͤǧ٤Ȥޤ򤯤ʤäˤʤʤ褦Ǥ롣

äϤ­ˤĤɤȡ츫ªɤΤʤץ饤Х⤢ʤʤȤǤޤȼԤΩȤƤϺ餵ƤФθĿ;ݸˡⶲ­ꤺȤʬˤʤ뤫Ի׵ĤǤ

ǤϡŪʥץ饤ХʤɤʤȤơȥץ饤ХΥХ󥹤μˤĤơ䤿ϤɤͤɤäƤФΤ

ԤϤľŪƤϤʤΤΡΤȤʬäǤʥҥȤͿƤƤޤ

Ҳξ󲽤ȼäơ֥ץ饤Х״ФνſŪʰ̣ǤΡֲȡפ顢ͥåȥǤΥƥ֤Τ褦ʤΤؤŪ˥եȤƤ뤳Ȥϴְ㤤ʤΤȤĿͥ١ǤΡ֥ץ饤ХݸΥˡ޷˹ޤäƤ뤳ȡ뤤Ϥεդˡƿͤʤǡ֥ץ饤Хפơ֥ӥå֥饶פλ۲ĤĤȤȤΤ줫ñ˰̣櫓ǤϤʤֻפΥǥƥƥξ줬ѲƤΤϢươ֥ץ饤ХפξѲƤΤǤ롣

ΡȥǥƥƥξѲˤ碌ƥץ饤ХξѲƤɤȤȤ줫οץ饤ХιͤǤȤˤĤƤϡޤεˡ

ܡ۸Ŀͥǡݸץ饤ХȤϡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ɤʤΤʣ


ѳ׿ʤХץ饤Х졢ץ饤ХФˤ뵻ѳ׿ʤǎ

Ρ̷ȽݤξͤȶɤɤΤ褦˷깭衢Ƥ줫ɤΤ褦˷֤ƤΤ

ѼԽпȤˡΧ򸦵椹ȤͭΩǤԤλ顢⤭̤ͽ¬ܡ



ܤˤץ饤ХˡϤޤ̤

Ŀ;ӥͥǰäƤӥͥѡʤ顢ܤ˼ʬΥӥͥ˴طơޤФˤϤ

ȤɤȡˤĤƤԤμΤۤɤǤޤ
ϡʤȤܼˤĤƤʤȸڤܤ񤭤äʤܼˤʤäΤϥץ饤ХݸˤĤơѼԤǤ䤬뤤ϸȿͤǤ䤬⤷Ȼפä󤷤Ǥ롣ޤɤʪȤƤڤǤϤǤ롣ĤޤꡢܤǤʤСޥ˥奢Ǥʤ

ȤȤǡܼ򸫤ƤΤܤ̥Ϥ䤷̤äƤֳμ¤ʼʤǤ
ʲǼңȣФdzǧƤФȻפޤ
Ŀͥǡݸߤ˼

ˡ̳Ū顢ܼǤʤܤħ­ƤȡܤǼ夲ƤͥϡꥫǤεѿŸˡȤξ͡ä˹罰ˡβˤ濴ȤƤ뤳ȡ

ˡβԤƤˤϤ­ʤ⤷ޤ
ʤܤʤäȤСܤˤƤϤޤץ饤ХȵѤξͤˤĤơˡ̤ϤɤĤƤʤ¾ʤʤΤǤϤʤ

Ϥͤޤ


ּʾ󥳥ȥ븢פвḢפ

ܤΥץ饤ХФˡ̤ϤˤĤơܤ⤦

ϰΥȥ꡼ǡץ饤Хּʾ󥳥ȥ븢פȹͤƤܤκǹȽŪǤݡ֤Ҥ٤Ƥޤ
ܡۥץ饤ХˡΧ̳ץ饤ХȤϡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ɤʤΤʣ
ܡ۾󲽻Υץ饤Х桽ץ饤ХȤϡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ɤʤΤʣ

˴ؤܤԤǤ̾ϡεѤߴƻǽȤƤȤˡ󵯤ФƤΤ褦ΤƲäƤޤ
Υץ饤Хݸ٤ǰϡȤ֤Ƥ餦פǤäʣϡˡΤϡּʾ˴ؤή渢פǤäʣϡˡ軰ǰĤޤߴƻδĶˤǰϲǤϤǤ˼ʥǡªƤ롣ȤСǽʤȤϡǧ뤳Ȥи礷ʤФʤʤª줿ǡѤ˻ߤ򤫤뤳ȤʤΤλʤȤơĿͥǡѤ˥Ȥ򤫤롢Ĥޤвʧ碌롢Ȥ򤬤14ϡˡͤȡ軰Υץ饤ХݸǰϡּʥǡѤв븢ȤȤˤʤ롣

䤬Ƥּʾ󥳥ȥ븢פؤΰ´ˤĤơιͤΤǤϤʤѳ׿Фƻ٤ʤΤȰ콳ǡץ饤ХвḢѤäƤƤ櫓Ǥ

ΡвḢפȤϡ䤬Υȥ꡼ǿҤ٤Ƥ´褷ˡǤꡢǼΤȻפޤ


ץ饤Хˤե桼

Ρ֡ȥȥ븢ɤвḢɤؤΰܹԡפȤäơɤƱ褦ʤȹͤʡ˻ƤʎȤФ۹͡

ƻפФޤ

ĤǶΥȥˤȤвḢʤΤǤϡפȤȤޤäƤʤȡ
ܡۥޥǥDJӥ֥ͥʻ䤬ϺԤȥ桼ŤʻפˡͤƤߤ
Ḣˤ뤳Ȥϲǽ

ʤȡΤץ饤ХˤĤƤ⡢Τ褦˥ե桼ߤʹͤǤƤǤ͡ʾСˡ

䡢Фʤ⎥


ִȤȿͤȤοӤĤפμ¸ܻؤƴĥޤٱ礤Ϥ򥯥åʣ󥭥󥰡

ܡ۾󲽻Υץ饤Х桽ץ饤ХȤϡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ɤʤΤʣ

ͺӥͥ˷ȤˤῦԤΥץ饤ХˤĤƹͤ륷꡼裲ơ

裱ƤϤ顣
ܡۥץ饤ХˡΧ̳ץ饤ХȤϡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ɤʤΤʣ

ƣ龦NTTȤι۲ҤΩ夲ˤ졢ߤسؽΡإǵҰ̳Ƥɧ

λͽϡʤȴĶƤȤޤ˥ӥͥȿڤˤܤΥץ饤Х˴ؤͻ



ʾ󥳥ȥ븢Ƚ

ץ饤ХϡͺॵӥȤ˷Ȥζ̳ǡǤؿι⤤ơޤˤʤäƤƤޤ

δطǡޤޤʸɤߤǤΤǤܤκħϡܤˤץ饤ХȤʤäƤǹȽ褬Ѥȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ФȽŪʥ󥹤äƤˤޤ

ԤȽκȤƵ󤲤Ƥ룵ĤΥݥȤΤʤۤɤʤȻפäʲˡ԰٤ˡȤ̷ȤݥȤǤ
ʾ󥳥ȥ븢ˤСĿͥǡϳ̤ˤäơݴǤԤμ꤫Υ֤뤳ȤϡμԤμʾ󥳥ȥ븢櫓顢ץ饤ХȤʤ롣ĤޤꡢƱǤưŪʥץ饤Х԰٤ޤ¸ߤƤʤƤ⡢ŪʿͶȯ֤֤ȤȼΤǤ˥ץ饤ХǤȤȤˤʤ롣
Ȥ̱ˡ709ΰˡ԰٤Ω뤿ΰŪ׷ϼλͤĤ
ʣ˲óԤ˸ΰաޤϲἺä
ʣ˰ˡʸ¤ȯ
ʣ»¤ȯ
ʣ˸»ȯδ̴֤ط뤳
ʤȤ⽻ͥåȤоݤȤƤ褦ʴŪĿͼ̾ˤĤƤϡˡ԰ƤʤμθĿ;ϡΤλ¤Ǥ뤫餽켫Τˤϥץ饤ХϤʤƿȥ󥫥󥰡šˤƤϤƥץ饤ХȤʤ롣ĤޤꡢĿ;ϳ̤ŪʿͶȯ֤֤줿ȤȤϡƥΤȤ̣ץ饤Х԰٤»ȯޤƤʤΤˡ԰٤׷˹פʤ


Ŀ;ϳ̻ؤб󥹤ƹͤ

ǤϡĿ;ϳ̻郎뤿ӤˡͤӶȤƤʤʤζʷۤƤޤ

Ϥޤˡʾ󥳥ȥ븢ӼƤޤäʥȥǽʾ֤֤ƤޤäˤȤФ뤪ͤӹ԰٤ˤۤʤʤ櫓ǤΤͤӶ˰´򴶤ϾʤʤϤ

ΰ´θϡͶȯ֤ˤƤʤΤŪΤ褦˶ʧƤȤʤʾ󥳥ȥ븢̤ǧƤޤäƤˤΤʤȡܤɤǼޤ

Ͷȯ֡Ἣʾ󥳥ȥ븢줿ξ֤ǤϡʼպϤɤ˰»ϤʤꡢŪﳲ»ȯʳǤϿб롣

줬Ŀ;ϳ̤Ȥ̤ǤΥץ饤Х˴ؤΥ󥹤Ǥ


ϡϳ̤ǤϤʤ奨ǤܿͤΥȥ븢軰ԤˤտŪʳȤξͤˤĤƽҤ٤ƤߤȻפޤʤĤˤʤ뤫äʬޤ󤬡ˡ

ִȤȿͤȤοӤĤפμ¸ܻؤƴĥޤٱ礤Ϥ򥯥åʣ󥭥󥰡

ܡۥץ饤ХˡΧ̳ץ饤ХȤϡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ɤʤΤʣ

ԤϡǯۤοͤξҲǻ伫ȤΥץ饤١ȤˡΧ̤ľܾäƤΤ۸ΡϤäˤʤޤˡ

λϥץ饤ХȤطʤ̤äΤǡΤ褦ФƤȤϤĤΤ餺ҤʤȤamazonǥץ饤ХʸõƤΤ̾ȯ¨ǹޤ

ץ饤ХˡΧ̳2ǡץ饤ХˡΧ̳2ǡ [ñ]
ԡ ɧ
: ʸƲ
(2010-11-30)


ޥ˥åʺȽޤǼ

ץ饤Х줿ȽˤĤơ줾ɤΤ褦ʳΩäƤΤ˲äơκȽ㡦ФԼȤɾ򤬤Ƥޤ
ץ饤Х̤ªܤʤˡŤʸǤ

夲Ƥ㤬ʡȺˤΤ褦ʡ֤ˤפʥ󥷥ƥ־ˤȤɤޤ餺


ʲȷס
ҡιɤλ
ֱλÿ
Ūư
ȤäʹƤޤɤ褯ͤȡǻɥ󥷥ƥ־Фץ饤ХιͤȽ˸ڤƤΤħǤ


ͺॵӥȤǺޤץ饤Хμ갷

ͺॵӥȳˤƤϡžΤ̤ǡܿͤο̳Ǥʤǯ²ˤϾ㳲䤴µޤǡܿͤθ餫ʤץ饤Х٤ι⤤ʹƤޤȤФФޤ

ʤȤɤΤ褦٤ǸܵҤȸ礦٤ȥɤˤ٤ݤǺळȤȤʤޤ

ܤκǹȽ衢ӤĤβ鿳Ƚߤȡ֥ץ饤ХȤϡʤξή̤򥳥ȥǤ븢ǤפȤȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ΩäƤȤƤޤ

Ρȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ȤȡͺॵӥҤῦԤ˴ؤͥƥ֤ʾʤȤȺˤΤäƤ⡢Ȥ뤫ʤϤܿͤȽǼ衢ȤȤˤʤäƤޤ;Ϥޤ

ῦԤΥͥƥ֤̤򱣤ƤҲ³ǴȤΤ뤳ȤˤʤäˤϡʵῦԤΥץ饤ХˤȤǡ˴ȤϷܤ뤳ȤǤ礦

Τ褦Ķߤʤ顢ɤΤ褦ʥ󥹤ǵῦԡȤȸäƤͺॵӥȤǺߤɤʤΤǤ
ʸ¡øʿͺҲҤǤϡǺߡɤ⤻˴Ȥˤץ饤ХäꡢԹ礬ȱꤷƤȤ֤⤢ޤ

ǺǤϤΤΡ伫ȤϤΡȼʾ󥳥ȥ븢ȽŪΩǤˤĤƤϡޤȥƽҤ٤Ȼפޤ

ִȤȿͤȤοӤĤפμ¸ܻؤƴĥޤٱ礤Ϥ򥯥åʣ󥭥󥰡

ܡ۸Ŀ;ݸˡǰȸŪ꡽Τ褦̤αѡơץ饤ХȽǤơζϤãƤߤ

ƱǾ󥻥ƥôƤƱν󥻥ƥر̤äƤǤرǤ㤦餤ܤ⤷ʤ󥻥ƥ

Ǥֻդ̳аʤˤˤѤϫ


Ŀ;ݸˡǰȸŪ꡽ץ饤ХˤȹŪĿ;ݸˡǰȸŪ꡽ץ饤ХˤȹŪ [ñ]
ԡа
: Ҧ˼
(2008-05-26)


а椵ϻȣĤǯѤʤ㤤ˡ㡼ˡ̳ǤиѤޤƤǤΤʸϤ⤤ؼȩȤϰ㤦ƶᴶ򴶤ޤ


ѡơϤ밵ŪȽĴ

äơȤˤĴƤȽ̤

Ŀ;ä˥ץ饤Хιݿõ뤿ˡѡơ3Ƚ򸶻ˤäðǰʬϤƤΤǤ̤ϥѤʤ

600ڡ뤳ܤǡ
ꥹȽ54ڡ
ꥫȽ64ڡ
ܤȽ49ڡ
嵭ޤȤ᤿ͻ27ڡ
ȡȽҲɾǤΥڡ䤤Ƥޤ1800ǯȾȽޤ̤äơа椵Ϥ٤ƸƤ뤽ǤκȤǤǯꤽǤ͡

̤ȽˤޤȤƿ줵Ƥäǡץ饤ХȽȸСرΤȡٻ擄餤ޤȤɤȤʤäˤ⡢
  • ץ饤Х̤ǧ褦ȤϤʤäꥹ
  • 餫ѶŪ˥ץ饤Хǧ褦Ȥꥫ
  • ꥹȥꥫĹǯ򤫤줿ץ饤Хιͤ򤽤äꤽΤޤޥѥä
ȤޤƤơ˶̣äǤ


Ŀ;ݸͤͤХץ饤Хˤʤ

䤬°ƤҤϡӥͥѡžٱ礹ȤŻĿ;ݸϤ鸦椷Ƥ⤷ʤơޤǤ뤳Ȥ򡢤ޤ˻Ż̤Ƽ´Ƥޤ

ä˸Ŀ;ݸȤơޤǤ⡢Ϻ󥷥ƥ־ɤޤǼã٤ʤΤʤȤž̤ˤƥ󥵥륿Ȥο硢ʹȤˤɤΤ褦٤ˤˤĤƸƤƤޤ

ϤʸƤʤǡĿ;󥳥ȥϡԤ夯Ȥץ饤Х򤭤Ǥ뤫ɤ˥ݥȤΤǤϡȻפ˻äƤޤ

аĿ;ݸˡ򸦵оݤȤĤĤ⤳ܤΥ֥ȥ֥ץ饤ХˤȹŪ ȴ줿ȡƤ̤Υץ饤Х˴ؤȽɤǡγοޤäǤ

ִȤȿͤȤοӤĤפμ¸ܻؤƴĥޤٱ礤Ϥ򥯥åʣ󥭥󥰡

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