ˡ̳ޥ󥵥ХХ

ˡ̳濴ȤˡΧ˴ؤܡȥԥåΤҲ̤ơХХʻ뤹٤ƤΥӥͥѡ˹׸֥

ǯ

ˡΧǶػߤޤǤʤ⤦Ԥǯ̤Ƥ礸ʤǤ


ޤϡ2009ǯ10ΤΥǡ

ž˾655͡ȼԤФ硡10.4
35аʾ塡401͡ȼԤФ硡 8.9

ʥꥯ롼ȥָѤθ2009ǯ12P4

ž˾Ԥ3ʬ2᤯35аʾˤʤĤĤ븽¡

ԤθкʶۤβȸƵפǤϫƯԾˤդƤΤϡž³ǯפĶۤȤɤǤȤȤǤ


̵ΤͤμԵͤϤ⤦ޤ

¸Τ̤ꡢѤξ̤Ǥǯ̤Ф뵬Ϥɤɤ󶯲Ƥޤ

2001ǯкˡ
ǯ¤Ԥʤ褦ˤϵ̳Ǥ

2004ǯǯԸѰˡ
ǯ¤ͳ̳֤

2007ǯкˡ
罸ʳǤǯ¶ػߤ̳경

ϡˡΧȤǸ¤ϡġפȤĴ⤢ޤȤʤɤϡʿǤäƤʳǤǯ­ڤʤɤϤʤʤäƤƤΤ򴶤ޤ
äơ;󶨲ĴˤС08ǯ12λǤǤ80ĶδȤˡˤĤǧΤƤȤΤȡ

ͥ٥Ǥǯ̤򤷤ʤռƤƤ⡢ޤġܴɾˡǯפȤǤ¿ʬ˱ƶͿƤΤϡǤʤǤ礦

žԾ줽ΤΤ˼Ԥʤǡ̵ΤͤǼԸεͤθ򤢤ԤäƤФǤϡ˴ȤˤϫƯԤˤϤޤޤ

ˡΧʤäפǤϤʤʹͤˤϡϤҤȤ35аʾ椫ͥõƤߤ褦ȤäƤȤǤ

ܡۤĤǤ⥯ڤҲǯСȤͤ


ϤȤοͻôԤǤ̵ͭ̾²ƤޤäƤΤ⤷ޤ2007ǯ10θкˡˤǯ̤θ§ػߡɻܺϡ

˺ƤޤäƤΤ­ȡ
罸ѻǯ¤§ػߡפȤ
㳰Ūǧǯ¤ԤǤäƤ⡢¤ͳ̡Żҥ᡼ġˤ
ȤǤפФƤޤǤ礦

̿ˡΧǶػߤ򤷤Ƥ⡢Ǥοͤǯ𤬸Ƥʾ塢ͤʳǴȤǯ­ڤꤹ뤳Ȥ򡹤ʤ櫓ǡä˷礫ʤʤǯ뤳ȼΤػߤʤ̵ͭ̾²뤳Ȥϡïܤˤ餫ä櫓Ǥ

Τ褦ˡܤθѴԤȤ̷Ϥޤ޴Ȥμ֤ˤʤФ󵯤䤬ؼѤϫƯˡܤȤƤᤷƤإץåϫƯˡ񤫤줿οˤޤȤƤäΤܤǤ

ĤǤ⥯ڤҲ񡽡֥ե꡼פ (ʸտ)



ǯɤĤȤץ

ܽȾ裱Ϥ裴ϤǤϡиǯ̤Ǥǯǧʤ顢Ѥˤǯ¤ǧΤϤƱͤǯѻߤʤСȤ󵯤Ϥޤޤ

ΡȽи̷ɤˤĤƤϡƱͤΤȤŦƤޤ
ܤˤ罸ѻǯ̴űѤϡ̴̤ʪ줫ʴˡ̳ޥ󥵥ХХ

ǽäƤޤ¤ϫƯˡؼԤΤäʤ櫓ǤʤǤϤμĥȣϰʲˡ
μĥ󤹤ȡ
۵ǽϤʤȤͳǥɥ饤˿ͤ
뤳ȤƤʤܤθѴԤͤȡǯ
ѻߤΤ纮򾷤
ưդߤȡǯ̶ػߤˤΤΡ͸
Ȥǯ̤Ǥª٤ˤϵ;

ǤʤСषͤɥ饤˲ۤʤƤǯ
ɤƻͤƤϡ
ȤѤäǯ¸³Сװơ

ե꡼ҲˤȤȤϡǯˤֳڤפ̤ˤ뤽Ʊ͡ʤֳڤפȤư֤Ť롢ȤȤǤ롣Ǥϡǯ̤Ʊդ򤷤Ƥ褤ΤʤΤСΤ̤ǯܰ¤Ƥܹ̱ˡΡֳڤפΤƵиϤΤ

襦åȤǽ­ˤۤǯˤĤƤ䤫˹ԤΤǯɤ

ǯˡޤäƤޤǯܤˤơǯɤɽŪڤפĤˡ罸ѻǯ¤ƤǧɵڤƤϤɤ뤢ꡢ¿˻ʳصư˵ϫƯԾμ֤򤭤ȥեƤͻҤǤ졢ʤȻפޤ

츫ۤ˸ǯ¸³뤳Ȥΰյפ򡢤ƲȰոɽƤΤϡ¤ϫƯԾΤԤƤȤ餬äƤǤ뤳ȤȻפޤ


ǯ̳ζˤ

ȤϤǯѻߤޤǯ¶ػߤήŪĬήǤ⤢ꡢ򤱤ʤŸˤʤäƤΤϿǧ¡
ƧޤơϡܤǤ긽ŪǶŪʻܺƤƤƤޤ

줬ǯ̤̤ػߤΤǤϤʤִȤ˲ݤǯͳ̳򡢺긷ʤʤΤˤפȤơ

Ǥ罸̤Ǥ̳ϹǯԸѰˡǵꤵƤΤǤ¤Ϥε̳ˡΧޤ줿Τϡ2001ǯξ絬ײĤǤοƤˤΤʤΤǤϽΤޤ
̳򺣰ʾ˸ʲ뤳Ȥǡˤǯ¤ɬפɤȼȤ˺ٹͤƥ쥪פǺŪǯ¤ƧߤȤɤޤ餻褦Ǥǯ¤ɬפȤʤ餵餤ʤȤݡ

ˡΧε̳򶯲Ǥʤȹ¦ǧƳʤɤλܺȤ߹碌СȤǯѤͻѤ뤫⤷ʤȤɤȤƤϸŪȻפʬ⤢ޤ


ʿʤǤϤΡͤβפˤդդʤۤɤȴʤ顢Ƕλ伫ȤοϤȤȡǯ¶ػߤϤʤȤȤػߡĤޤȤ̤ǯμػߡɤˤޤƧڤ٤ǤϤȻפäƤꤹΤǤ

äϤޤɡ

Υӥͥˡ̳Ū˥塼ͥޤȤᡡ2009ǯ32


ǯǯ̤ǤϤʤECJȽEUϫƯˡĢ

פˡϫƯԾ졢ȷ˴طˡŪʼҲŪˤäΤʤ飶ǯȿʤ衢ȤäƤ櫓ʤΤǡ¼Ūˤ¦ʤɤΤŬڤǤޤ礦

ϸʸˤ٤Ǥhamachan˴ŤƤơ

ǯ̤űѤˤϡǯűѤʤФʤʤϤʤǤäȤǶĬήȤϵչԤ褦ä˸ޤ͡


More Workers Cite Age Bias After Layoffs WALLSTREET JOURNAL

Figures scheduled for release later this week by the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission show that age-discrimination allegations by employees are at a record high, jumping 29% to 24,600 filed in the year ended Sept. 30, up from 19,103 in 2007.

̤˸ꥫˤƤ⡢Էʵǿ˼ڤΤϹǯԡǯ̤Ωڤ񤷤ʤʤܤʤȤ¤⤢ޤ


ξűʺȽ

ưιΩʧԤΩض̳ѤޤƱ̳ôݤȤưνͭαݤˤơͭαݤԡʰʲαݽͭԡפȤαݽͭԤͭͭαݽͭפȤˤͭ븢¤Ӽˤĺ̳ۤۺѴʰʲֻĺ̳ۺѴפȤˤǾ嵭Τ褦˰ۤʤȤϡαݽͭԤϡĺ̳ۺѴ褹ޤǤϡư軰ԤϾ¸ߤ軰ԤϽͭιԻȤ˸ƤȤƤ⡤ʤλ𤬤ʤ¤ꡤưű̳ˡ԰Ǥ餦ȤϤʤĺ̳ۺѴвᤷϡαݽͭôݸͭ뤫Ȥäƾ嵭ű̳ˡ԰ǤȤ뤳ȤϤʤȲ򤹤ΤǤ롣ʤʤ顤嵭Τ褦αݽͭԤͭαݽͭϡ§Ȥơĺ̳ۺѴ褹ޤǤϡưθ򴹲ͤİˤȤɤޤ뤬ĺ̳ۺѴηвϡưͭʬ뤳ȤǤ븢ǽͭΤȲ򤵤뤫Ǥ

۸Ρˡ̳ϥ֥Ǥܤ򽸤Ƥ˥塼顣

ĸΤꤷôݸʽͭαݡˤΤǡȥҤפ餺֤δǤô򶯤ȤȤˡ

ĺ̳ۺѴηвˡͭ븢ǽͭƤפɤ̯Ǥ͡ΤäŦƤޤư֤ΥǤ¤äƤʤȡ⤫ƥå뤷ʤǤ͡

ˤޤƤ⡢Τôݸꤹ뤳ȤäƥꥹळȤ⤢롢ȤٶƤޤ


եȳȯҰ̾͡ФǧꡡϺۡNIKKEI NET)

ֲĹפθȤߤʤơĶʧʤΤȤơեȥȯҡ¥ƥġˤμҰ3ͤĶʤɷ1700ߤλʧ᤿ʾ٤Ƚ褬9ϺۤǤä¼۷ٺȽϡŪΩˤʤȤʤפȤơƱҤ˷ 4500ߤλʧ̿
Ƚˤȡ3ͤ1990ǯʹߡƱҤΥƥ೫ȯDzĹʸ˲Ĺ亴ˤο̤˽ȤƤμΡĶϻʧʤäĶȤ¿Ȥ200֤Ķ뤳Ȥ⤢äȤ

ä狼䤹ȤäƤ⤢꤬ʧѥ

ȤǡϿĶȼʧβҤ򻳤Τ褦ܤˤƤޤ̾ФɹΰѤ˲᤮ʤȻפäƤޤ줬դȤƤ⡢θˤϡǯפۻĶȼפ¤ˤʧȤ礭ʻĤäƤΤϡޤޤŦƤʤΤǤ


Litigation Activity Accelerating in ChinaLaw.com

Chinese courts handled 10.71 million cases of various types in 2008, up 11 percent from the year before.
Even greater increases were seen in labor disputes, which jumped 94 percent to 286,221 cases, and disputes involving health care, housing and consumer rights, which were up 45 percent to 576,013 cases.

ܤ­ˡʾټҲ񲽤Ƥޤ

ϫƯʾ٤Էʾ٤Ψͤ˹⤤ΤϡĿͤȤƤθռιޤˤΤʤΤ⤷ޤ

ܤˤ罸ѻǯ̴űѤϡ̴̤ʪ줫


ǶᡢȤ餴ꤤͿä긺äƤޤΤͺӥͥȳỴʾǤޤξǤη̤ʤǤɡ

ٹˤޤ̾ؤǿۤƤޤȤώ
ԶϤɤɤʹԤƤ褦ǤͺҲҤ©©餷ǤϾҲ𤹤ͤ򸫤ĤСӤ夲줿褦ǤϡǯͤѤäФƤӺѤʤ󤫽ޤ󡣤ȤȤ餷ǤΥꥯ롼ȤǤͺҲȤֻȤ¾Ͽ䤷Τ٤Ǥ


罸ѻǯ¤϶ػߤ줿

ˤϡʵȰ㤤ȤεͰϷ罸ʤɤΥԥݥȤʵͤΤߤ˹ʤƤޤƤΥԥݥȤԤ᤮ơȤռʤˡΧΤ罸ȤʤäƤޤ⾯ʤޤ

äˡǶԷʵ꤬ﲽΤǤϡȷǰƤΤǯ¡Ǥ

2007ǯ10ܹԤ줿кˡˤꡢ罸ǯꤹ뤳Ȥ§ػߤˤʤäΤǤ֤ȤƤϤ줬ƤΤϿӤʾ֡

ͤˤƤϡ˾ܤ櫓ˤ⤤ͤ˵ܤǯȤäƤդ뤤ˤƤȤ¿ȤΤ´ͤǤꡢ35ž³פϤޤޤĤäƤȸ虜ޤ


ǯޤˡȤƤ

ǡƹǯ̤ФбϡܤΤ⤫ʤ긷ޤԡɤˤĤƤ⣲⡢ԤäƤޤ

㤨СꥫǤ1967ǯǯ̤ػߤƤޤEUǤ2003ǯޤǤˤϼ׹ǯ̵ƳƤޤ

ƹǯ̶ػˡˤϡܤǯ¶ػˡȯۤȷŪ˰㤦ĤޤϡǯͳȤϫƯνλĤޤǯɤ⸶§ˡȤƤǤ

ǯͳȤϫƯβȽǤŪʤСǯͳȤϫƯλȽǤŪȸ虜򤨤ʤ줬ƻǤ͡

ܤθкˡǤϡǯɤȤǯˤϫƯλˤĤƤϤޤä줺ˡѤˤĤƤΤ߶ػˡΩˡƤޤޤ

ʤǯˤĤƤϿʤäΤˤϡܤ˺Ĥ뽪ȸѤȤԤ¸ߤޤ

ȸѤΩ٤ȤơǯɤϷ礫ʤɽ΢Τ٤Ǥ۵ʤʤäơꥫ¤˲ۤ§ͳˤǤ褦ˤʤʤ¤ꡢȸѤ˰ξ¤ߤ뤿Ρǯɤ̵ʤ櫓Ǥ


ǯ̤˶ػߤ뤿ˤϡƧ٤ƥåפ

ǯǺѤ򤷤ʤȽǤΤϥʥ󥻥󥹤ǤʹȤѤ֤ʤΤϴְ㤤ޤ󡣤ï򾧤뤳ȤϤǤʤǤ礦

ǯ۵ȤüޤäơѤˤǯ¤ˤĤƤ򤷤Ȥǡкˡϻ¾ȴȤʤ餶ʤʤäƤޤäȸ虜ޤ

۵űѢǯػߢͺѤˤǯ¶ػ

Τ褦ʥƥåפǡäȵѤ߽ŤͤɬפäΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ܤǯȤȸѤǯͻʤΤ顢ѤˤǯϽפǤǤĤŤΤ
ǯȤǯͳȤλǧΤˡѤǤǯȤʤȤΤϤ
кˡФƴȤΤäȿϤäȤʤȤξ֤Ǥϡʩäƺ줺ʰˡȸƤޤ

ǤΤ褦ȾüʥDzкˡΩˡƤޤäΩԡפϡ˿ͽͥʤ˻˿İʹƤޤģǤϫƯʤˤϡǤʤΤ褦ʴȤθ¤˱Ωˡ򤷤ߤȻפޤμ¾˴դߤƲͦäƤۤȻפޤ




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