撥音(はつおん)is Japanese nasal sound “” [n].

There are three main pronunciations of “” (or “” in Katakana) though, in general, Japanese people are not aware of the differences. (So, when you ask a Japanese person about the pronunciation of “”, s/he may tell you “ is !”)

 

When the sound after is [m], [b] or [p], is pronounced as [m].

(Your lips are closed and the tongue touches anywhere)

eg. しんぶん [shin bun] = [m] 
[m] 撥音 しんぶん

When the sound after is [k] or [g], is pronounced as [ŋ].

(Your mouth is open and the base of tongue touches the soft palate)

eg. さんがい [san gai] = [ŋ]

[ŋ] 撥音 さんがい

When the sound after is [t], [d] or [n], is pronounced as [n].

(The tip of tongue touches the hard palate)

eg. せんたく [sen taku] = [n]

[n] 撥音 せんたく



*Uvular [ɴ] at the end of utterances and in isolation.
[N] nasal sound
 

*Some sort of nasalized vowel before vowels, approximants (/j/ and /w/), /r/, and fricatives (/s/, /z/, and /h/). Depending on context and speaker, the vowel's quality may closely match that of the preceding vowel or it may be more constricted in articulation. This pronunciation is also found utterance-finally.



撥音 1
撥音 かんばん 撥音 かばん
撥音 2
撥音 こんぶ 撥音 こぶ




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