кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2008ǯ02

пʹΥ볹饦ɥåפߤȡ֥Υ饤󤬵
פȤޤ

ȸȡ̣ʨƤޤޤ


βäȤΤǤ礦

Υ饤󤬵ȡʹǤϸäƤΤǤ


󡢥ꥫ䲤Ǥ϶ͻԾ줬㤷ƤΤ¸ΤǤ
͡

ǯ8衢ͻؤηб԰¤졢¾ζͻؤ
뤳ȤǤʤʤꡢͻƱΤǻͻ̤礦Ȥ񤷤
ʤäƤΤǤ

ϡûͻԾεǽäǤǶǤϡ˲
ơܻԾεǽ⾯ʤäƤޤ

ܻԾȤäƤ⡢ȯԻԾΤȤǤϤʤĤȯԻ
ΤȤǤ

פˡԻԤʤɤġ¨ķȯԤĴã
ȤƤ⡢줬ˤʤäƤޤäȤΤǤ

Τ

ϡԻԤʤɤĤ˺ݤƤϡο٤䴰
̣Ǥ⤤դͭ뵡ءʶͻʤݸҡˤݾ
ĤƤ餦Ȥ¿äΤǤݾڿͤȤʤҤ
򼺤äƤ뤫Ǥ


ǤݾڿͤȤϡΥ饤ȸƤФͻݾڲҤΥ
ХåʤɤΤȤǤ



ȤϹͤޤ

ΤĤΤҺĤΤĤ
Τȡ
ޤˤϸʪΤȤͤ뤫⤷ޤ
š

Ĥϡήư⤯ľ˴Ǥ뤷٤ǹ顢
Ͼ㤯Ƥ⡢̥ϤϤȡ

Ǥ⡢Ĥ㤦ͤ빽ޤ

Τ

ġƹǤϡ

MuniʤĤޤꡢmunicipal bonds άǤ

ȸƤФƤޤ졢©Ƕ⤬ʤȤ
ȤΤǤ

ˡʬλǤζƻϩعȤ
ȤΤаϤޤ͡

ϡȸܤ©ʧäƤСšȤʤޤ

Ǥ⡢ԻԤȤäƤ⤤ޤ˿Ƥ

ȤȤǡޤǤϡΥ饤ݾڤƤƤΤǤ
¸Τ̤ꡢݾڤɤʬηбĤ뤵Ƥޤ


˵󤲤ʹˤСХåγʲǰǡ˥塼
ԻԸ̶ɤĴã14.5󤫤8ˤޤǾ夬ä
ޤäȤΤǤ


ޤϸθݤˤ⸫ޤǤⲿǤ⤢

ϡ줫鵯ޤ

8ˤޤǶ夬ΤǤϡ¾βҤݾڤफ
ݾڤʤǺķȯԤ褦ȤȤˤʤޤš

˥塼衼ԻԸ̶ɤϡ轵ݾڤʤȼǺķȯԤ
Ȥޤ


ϤɤʤäȻפޤ


ʤȡ5

ݾڤդʤषѤޤꡢ㲼ΤǤ


̯äǤɤʤ˹ͤƤ⡢ʤȤʤƿ

ޤ餳ȤΤǤ礦š

 

äѤꡢꥫ¤ǤΤ⡣

 

ءʤΡȻפäå򤪴ꤤޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

θΥꥫǤϡFRBΥХʥ󥭵ĹεIJڸ˴ؿ
ޤäƤޤ

ֻƨưפȸäȤɲ򼨺
ΤȲᤵƤ褦Ǥ

ޤʵ̤ɤ˽ʬݸݤ٤ȸ
Ȥ⡣



Ǥ⡢ʤʹȤ褦Ǥ͡Τ214
˵IJڸ򤷤ФǤλȸѤäƤΤǤ

ϡ屡ζԡڤԻ԰Ѱǡϡζͻ
ӥѰȤȤǡȯξϰäƤΤǤš


2֤ۤɤ礭ʴĶѲäȤϻפޤ
˾屡äȤȲäȤƤۤʤȤΤ
ѤäǤ


ȤȤǡˤäơХʥ󥭵Ĺȯå뤳Ȥˤޤ

Although the FOMC participants' economic projections

envision an improving economic picture, it is important

to recognize that downside risks to growth remain. 


βսϡɽȼ㴳㤬褦ǤäƤ
ƤϤۤƱǤ

FOMCʸԾѰˤλüԤϡʵ뤳Ȥͽ
Ƥ뤬ǤʵβꥹĤ뤳Ȥ򤹤뤳Ȥ
פ

ǡΤ褦ʷˤĤʤޤ


The FOMC will be carefully evaluating incoming information

bearing on the economic outlook and will act in a timely

manner as needed to support growth and to provide adequate

insurance against downside risks.

FOMCϡ󤻤ʵ̤˴ؤǡտ
ξǡкĹ򲼻٤ޤꥹФݸ
뤿ˡɬפ˱路ʤ褦˹ư뤳Ȥˤʤ


줬ʹʤɤ˸ڤƤսʤΤǤ졢¤
θƱǤ

ä顢ۤȿʤƤ褵ʤΤǤϡšȻפäƤ
ޤ͡

ҤäȤ顢⤳ʸϤ٤о줹뤫⤷ޤ󡣤
ä顢äΤȰŵƤޤäǡǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ɤäŵǤǤ礦ȤȤǡŵˡ
Ƥߤޤ


褺ʸϤĤǤޤ

ǽϡβսǤ


The FOMC will be carefully evaluating incoming information

FOMCǡFOMCϡξտ

ʤ顢ȤŵǽǤ͡ư줬evaluateǡ
carefullyĤơŪ줬informationǡincoming
Ƥޤ

褺ʾ٤֤ޤ礦

ǡ줬Ǥ顢ʪ­ʤʤޤ

ˤĤơ⤦ޤ礦кѤθ̤˴ؤ
Ȥˤޤ礦

ȤȤǡbearing on the economic outlook Ĥޤ

ޤǤ򡢤ޤޤ礦

ǡϡFOMCƤɲäޤ
Ȥˡɬפ˱ƥ꡼˹ưȤȤɽޤ

and will act in a timely manner as needed

ȤȤˤʤޤ

Ǥ⡢ɬפ˱ƤȤäƤ⡢ɤɬȤȡ줬
Ĺ򲼻٤ꡢʵβꥹݸ򤫤ꤹ뤿
ɬפǤСȤȤˤʤΤǤ

ȤȤǡas needed θˡ

to support growth and to provide adequate insurance

against downside risks

³ȤȤǤ


ơʸϤʬ򤷤ư֤뤳ȤǤ褦ˤʤȡѸ
ɽǤǤʤȤ򤹤뤳ȤˤĤʤꡢ
ͭפȤޤ


ʾǡФΥƥ˥åϽǤˤƤ⡢ƹ
Ȥޤꤽˤ⤢ޤ

ơǯ餫ͽۤƤޤ褦ˡȼɥ¤ޤ
ĤƤ褦ǡɥХ桼ǺǰͤϿƤޤ
Ǥϡ߹ˤʤꡢ14000˾褻ޤƤޤ
š


ǡääΤϡ줫ʤΤǤ


ۤïˤ뤫ǤƤޤ͡ǡ

̤ι̱γϡ;ؿϤʤ⤷ޤ󤬡ϡ
ԤɤΤ褦ʿͤʬʤΤǶ̣狼ʤΤǤ͡

ˤƤ⡢ԤȤƾ夬äƤƣܴۤ
ȸƤޤ

顢ʤȤʤܴζͻŸΤǤϤʤ
ԾƤ褦Ǥ

פˡߤʡۤȤϰۤʤꡢ褷ƶﲽʰ
ˤϵޤҤȤԤǤΤǤϤʤȡ


Ǥ⡢椤ĤʤΤʤΤǤ

ܴƣ夲ϤʤȻפäƤƤ⡢ơ
ͤ⺣Ǥϡ夲ϤʤȻפäƤ뤫⤷ޤ

⤷顢ʪξ徺ݤǤ夲ư
ʤ֤ˬ뤫Τޤ

Τ

ϡ䥳ʤɤιʪब;夲åˤʤäơ
ʤʤɤʲʤˤ礭ƶڤܤƤ뤫Ǥ

ʪʤ徺ͳϡҤ٤ޤ͡

ˡΥХʥ󥭵Ĺȯˤäơ³
뤳Ȥǧ졢굡ޥ͡ʪԾή
ƤȤȤ⤢ޤ


ҤäȤƤޤǤܤǤ夲뤫šǤ͡ŤȤ
¤å򤪴ꤤޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ǶŪ˿ʤ䥨ͥ륮ʤ徺Ƥޤ

ƹ1βʪȯɽˤʤޤʹˤϡ
1.0徺ȽФƤޤ


1徺äơɤȤȤϤʤʤΡ


Ǥ⡢ơեǰƬפȤޤ

֤1٤ξ徺ʤš

¤ϡ1徺ȤΤǤ1ǯ٤С
7.4⿭ӤƤΤǤ

ΤʿѤ7.4οӤ򼨤ƤȤȤϡ̤˸Ф
äȿӤƤΤȤȤǤ͡

夬äƤȤΤǤ礦

ѥ16.2

֥ѥƥ⤯ʤΤš

6.9󡢵3.6ȤʤäƤޤ

äѤꡢβʤ夬äƤ뤳Ȥȥ;夬
ɤʡȸƤƤȤȤΤ褦Ǥ


Ǥϡɤƾȥ;夬ꤹΤǤ礦

Ĥˤϡȥꥢʤɤμ׻йˤơ۾ﵤݡ
ˤΤԺˤʤäƤ뤳Ȥ󤲤ޤ

ޤХΡطǡȥʤɤβʤ
夬äƤ뤳Ȥ⤢ޤ

ˡʤɤονब夹˽
ѲƤ뤳Ȥ󤲤ޤ

οͤȤ٤褦ˤʤΡ

ȿФǤ

֤ɤȡ

Ϥοͤ;͵ФƤȡξ̤櫓
ǤܤƤ뤿ˤϡ¤Ȥʤʪ򿩤٤ɬפ
ޤΤʪμפ뤫Ǥ

13ͤο͸򤫤񡢤ơ11ͤΥɤɤɤ
кĹ뤲ƤǤ顢塢סʪβʤ夬뤳
ȤͽۤΤǤ

ˡϵ岹ȲοŸˤȤʤ۾ﵤݡȯˤαƶ
礭ʤ뤳ȤǤ礦

ʤȡ󤤱äǤҤäȤ顢ܤȤ
ݶϤ뤫⤷ޤ


ˤƤ⡢ƹ1βʪǯ7.4徺
1981ǯ10νȤޤ


ʪ徺ȡʵμ®ɤȤϤ
ⲼĤ餯ʤäƤޤ

ƹϡեȷʵबƱʹԤ륹ե졼
ƤޤΤǤ礦



ܤǤʪ夬ΤǤϤʤȡۤȤϡå
ꤤޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ꥫˤϳդ٤ȤΤޤ󡢲椬⤽
򿿻Ƥޤ


ֳդäƲ衩

Τߥ󥬥ɤȤΤΤäƤޤ

̣쥹ȥĤġ

Ǥ

ֻ䡢졢ޤ꿮ʤ

ɤƤǤ礦

֥ߥ˸¤餺̣顼ŹȤҲ𤷤ܤä
뤱ɡƤˤʤʤΤ

Ǥ⡢ܤǾҲ𤵤줿顼󲰤ϡ󤬤ǤƤ
ޤ衣

֤ʤʤΤ衣󤬤Ǥ롣ԤĤࡣʸ
顼󤬽롣Ǥ⡢㤦š

Ϥиʤ餢ޤ͡

Ǥ⡢Բ˽ФƹԤäͤ䡢žФˤʤä
ϡƳιԤȤʤɤϡäѤꥬɥ֥å
ɬפǤϤʤǤ礦

֤ʤʬ


Ȥǡ󡢤򿣤䤷ȻפäȤɤޤ

֤ϡ̿ƯȤǤ


Ưɤʤޤ

Ưȡܡʥ館뤱ɡ⤹

Ǥ⡢¶©Ϥޡ

֤äĤǤš

ܤʤΤǤ礦ϡҺĤȤ߷¶Ȥ

֤Ǥ⡢褬¿¤ä㤦Τ͡

Ǥ͡¤ޤ͡Ȥˤ⥬ɥ֥åȤ
פޤ󤫡

פɾ򤷤ƤΡ

Ϥ줬ꥫγդ٤Ǥ

ȤƺǤ⤪ʤΤϡA3Ĥ¤ӡȥץAʤɤȸ
ФƤޤ

ɡɡץS&P)ȤࡼǥȤΤʹ
ȤϤޤ󤫡

դҤɾ򤷤ƤΤǤ

֤ǻפФɡ֥ץ饤Ϣζͻʤ˹⤤դ
ͿƤΤš

Ǥ͡դҤ⤤դ򤽤ڷˤĤƤ
Ȥ⥵֥ץ饤Ϣ»礭ʤäͳȤƤޤ

֤㤢Ƥˤʤʤ͡š


ʤΤǤ͡

¤ϡνˡS&PϡΥ饤MBIAγդ
뤳ȤƤȸäƤޤ

֤ɤơ

Υ饤ϡͻʤθʧݾڤ뤳Ȥˤäơݾ
ƤΤǤΥ֥ץ饤ξǤդ
ǡ¿ۤ»ȯƤޤܤ礭»ȸ
Ǥ

֤㤢äȳʲʤȡš

ȤȤǡʲƤƤΤǤ25餫ˤʤä
ȤˤСS&PϡMBIA䥢ХåΥȥץAγդ
Τޤްݻ뤳ȤˤʤäȤޤ

֤ɤơ

ܤѤԤäꡢܤͽꤵƤ뤫
Ȥ

֤ɡϤäѤܤ»顢䤦ˤ
Ƥ뤳ȤǤ硣ʤ˴ñ˥ȥץAݻƤΡ

ޤܤȤʬޤ󤬡⤷ΥΥ饤γ
դȡαƶ礭뤳Ȥ⾯ϴط
Ȼפޤ

⤷γդ礭ȡΥ饤
äƺķȯԤƤ褦ΤĴãԤȤ
񤷤ʤäƤޤȤ⤢褦ʤΤǤ


ꥫλԾкѤ⡢̾ФλԾкѡפƤƤ
褦ʵޤ

Τ褦ʳդҤǤΤǤСؤΤȤʤޤ
ΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ǤäƤޤդҤñʤֲ̱ҤǤΤǤС
ˤɤȤȤʤΤǤγդҤϡƹ
ܡSEC)ǧĤƤ뵡ؤʤΤǤ

ɤǡлҤֻǺƹιĤ⤤դƤ
Ǥ͡

 

դäơɬפʤΤȻפäå򤪴ꤤޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ߤʤǤúǶԤȤΤ¸ΤǤ

ȯúǤ򽸤ƤäƤ̤ã
ȡɥ饤Ĺúϥɤ˼ؤƤ
ԡ

ʡۤʡ

ʶԤ¸ߤʤ顢ŴϲҤ絤
úǤФ뤳ȤϤʤǤ͡


úǶԡѸcarbon bankȤ餷ΤǤꥹΥ֥
꤬úǶԤΩ򲤽ѰƤȤޤ

֤ǡ򤹤ԡ

¤ϡԤȸäƤޤ̤ˤ¤櫓Ǥʤޤ
ߤƤ櫓ǤʤΤǤΤϡúǡȤäƤú
ǤǤƤΤϡޤúǤʤɤӽȤ
ʬ䡢ӽиαĤԤؤȤޤ

Ǥ顢ޤӽиߤʤΤǡԤ⡢ڷ
Υ᡼˶ᤤ⤷ޤ͡


ǡˤǤޤ

ϡúǶԹۤ˻ޤ

ȿС

ɤƤǤ礦

֤äơʤȤ򤵤ȡƶХߥåȤǥ꡼åפȤ
ʤФʤܤΩ줬ʤʤäƤޤǤ礦

Ϥ

֤ˡΡåȤԤIJѹ񤬡Х󥯤
ΩƤΤʤܥǤϤʤСܥ
ߤΤʤΡ֥饦

Ϥ


Ǥ⡢äȤޤȤͳϤʤΤǤ礦

֤ȤˤʬʹΤϡʤ

ޤͤƤߤ顢ڤڤĤꡢú򻶡񤷤ƴ
򰭲ƤȤǥȡʤΤϱѹǤ顣

ˡĤäƤ褦ˡӽиʬǽΤϡ
ƤλüԤúǤӽ̤ˤĤƹդ򤷤Ƥ
Ǥ顢Τ褦ƹ񤬡¤ݤ뤳Ȥ˵ȿ
򼨤Ƥʾ塢Ȳ˻ߤͭʼʤˤϤʤꤨʤΤǤ

֤Ǥ⡢衼åѤδȤʤɤδ֤Ǥϡӽи¤˹Ԥ
ƤΤǤ礦

Ϥɡϥ衼åѤȤƤӽ̤뤿ˤ
ͭʼʤȤϤʤꤨ뤫Ǥ

֤ȤȤϡܤԵ6κ︺ɸ뤿
ϡӽи򳫻ϤȲǽˤʤȤȡ

ǤǽǤ

֤ǤϡɤƤʤΡ

ԤˤϡȳӽȤʬɬ
ޤɤΤ褦ˤʬФոޤȤޤʤ
Ȥȡ⤽ȤߤȹݶϤȤơкѳ
ȿФƤ뤫Ǥ͡

֤äѤꡢܤ٤Ƥ

Ǥ͡ܤηкѳϡȲΰƶɤۤɿˤ
äܵˤʤΤٻǤäƤߤ⤷ޤ

̿٤򤹤뤳ȤȿФ򤹤Ǥ⤢ޤ󤬡ʬ
λҤ¹Ƥʤ褦ϵĶˤʤ뤳Ȥ˴
ФʤΤԻ׵ĤǤ褦ޤ


֤Ǥ⡢ɥܥԤ⽽ʬǽʤȤΤǤ礦

Ǥ͡ñι񤬿̵̳Ȥϻ
ʤǤɬƤι񤬼ʤƤ⤤ΤǤ
ʤƤ⡢䥤ɡꥫȤäϻäɬפ
ޤ͡

֤ȤäƤ⡢θߤΤǤ硩

顢ӽиμʤɤȤݤȤ򤷤ʤǡOPEC
Ȥǡǯúλ̤򡢷ײŪ
˸餹Ȥ¹ԤФΤǤ͡

ˤӽȤͽɬפϤʤΤǤ

úȤȤϡ⤤Ф
ú㤨ФΤȤǤơΨŪú
ʬǽˤʤꡢˤǯ֤ξ̤ϥȥ
ǽȤʤΤǤ

ɤˤƤʤȻפޤɡʡ
ڤäƶХߥåȤƤޤ󤫡

ޤƤǤʪ­ʤȤΤǤСΨ褷ƹǤ
ʬŪ˼¹ԤǡǤ礦

úǯ̤͢˹Ȥ¤٤͢
͢ȼԤʬФΤǤ

ǡԵӽ¤ɸͤã뤳
ǽǤ

̤δȤ⡢ľܸġ¤ݤǤϤʤΤǡ
ȿФȤʤȻפޤ

ˡ͢äƤΤǡʬᤦ
Ȥˤʤꡢμˤäإͥ륮ȯ¥ʤ뤳Ȥ
ɤǽˤʤޤ

 

ޤǤ⤤ܤ⾯ܵˤʤʤȤ󡢤Ȼפ
ϥå򤪴ꤤޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

⤬ǹͤĤƤޤ

21Υ˥塼衼ζʪϡ1ȥ958.4ɥޤǾ
Ȥޤ

ϡ1Х100ɥ褻ǡ⡢1000ɥ褻
ޤäƤޤ

Ǥ⡢ɤƶβʤƭƤΤǤ礦


̾ΤβʤϡζټפȾ徺ޤ
͡

ǤϡμפƤΤǤ礦

Ǥʤηʵ褯ʤäƶʤμ
ƤȤΤǤ礦

1ǯۤޤǤʤ顢Ȥͤ줿⤷ޤ󡣤Ǥ⡢
ϡŪ˷ʵθ®ۤƤ֤Ǥ

¤ϡפȤäƤ⡢¼ʳμפΤǤ͡

פ˶ߤͤƤ⡢Ƥοͤζºݤ
˻ȤΤǤϤʤоݤȤƤȤȤǤ

֤Ǥ⡢оݤˤȤäƤ⡢©ޤʤ
ʤΤǤ硩

Τˡ©ߤޤ

֤ä顢¶⤷ʤΡ

ɤơ

֤ɤʤ˶㤤ȤäƤ⡢ĤϿ뤫

Ǥ⡢ܸꤹ뤫⤷ޤ衣

ֳʤΤ顢ܤ뤳ȤϤʤΤ

Ǥ

ֲ԰¤ˤʤäƤʡ

 

20ˡϫƯʤȯɽ1ξʪؿϡ0.4
徺ǯƱǤ4.3ξ徺ȤʤäƤޤ

ԤϰϤȹͤ2٤ΥեΨ餹
ܤ礭Ǥ

äѤꥤե찵Ϥ϶Ǥ͡


ϤȡǤϡꥫζϤɤ٤Ǥ礦

10ǯΤιĤ3.82ǯʪιĤ2ۤɤˤʤ
Ƥޤ

⤷ꥫοͤ2ǯʪƹĤ򤷤ƤȤС
졢ǯ2ʬܸۤ򤷤Ƥ뤳Ȥ̣ޤ͡

¶ǤƱǤ˸ܤ1ɥäȤơ1ɥ
ѤʤƤ⡢줬1ǯ10400ɥˤʤäƤʤȡե
˼¼ͤ»ʤ뤳Ȥˤʤ뤫ǤǤ⡢©ǿ
Τ200ɥȤС10200ɥˤʤäƤޤ

⤷򤷤ƤΤǤС1ζϡ
ĤޤǤäƤ1ζǡμ¼ŪʲͤѲ
ʤȹͤ뤳ȤǤ뤫Ǥ


ꥫϡʵ̤嵤ˤʤäƤޤ⤦ä
³ͽۤޤ

ơԤȤȡסɥ¤ˤʤꡢΰ
̣Ǥ⥤ե찵Ϥޤޤ

ʪ夬äƤ⡢ʵθƶ夲뤳ȤǤ
ȤСΤ褦¶ܸ꤬Ǥ

Ϥޤ󡢤äȤƭطʤˤȻפޤ


ԾطԤδ֤Ǥϡְ٤1000ɥ򸫤ʤȼޤ
פȤǧΤΡդƤ񤷤ȸ
Ȥ⤤ޤ

ƹʵहС͢Ф˻٤줿кѤ˱ƶ
ڤӡʼפȤ¼Ӥ뤳ȤͤʤȤ
ޤ


ˤƤ⡢βʹƭȤǡƹˤƥե
ǰޤäƤ뤳Ȥޤ


եФ롢ȥȥХ޸ȯҲ𤷤ޤ
ϡɤäα⤬Ǥ

SEN. HILLARY CLINTON (D), New York:

Wages are flat, but health care costs are up.

Gas and energy costs are up. Education costs are up.

So people are running as hard as they can,

but they're going backwards.


Ͼ夬ʤϾ夬롣ŵϾ夬
롣Ͼ夬롣顢ߤʰ̿ĥäƤ뤱ɡɤ
ĤʤΤ衣

SEN. BARACK OBAMA (D), Illinois:

 And one last point I want to make about

the economy.

I won't just raise the minimum wage every

10 years. I want to raise it every year

to keep pace with inflation, because if you

work in America, you should not be poor.


Ǹ˷кѤˤĤƸ
ϡ10ǯȤ˺¶ľ褦ʤȤ򤷤ʤե˹
碌ǯ夲Τʤ顢ꥫƯƤʾ塢˳
ǤäƤϤʤʤ



ɤȤ餷ΤǤ͡

 

ʪ徺ʤ֤ǥեȤäòܤϡʤ
ΤȻפäϡå򤪴ꤤޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ʤޤƤ⡢100ɥ˾褻Ƥޤ

ͳϤ褦Ǥ

ʥꥢ԰¡ƥβкҡɥ
OPECθ̤Ǥ


ޤɥ¤Ϻ˻ϤޤäȤǤϤʤΤǤʤɥ
ΰߤޤ뤳Ȥ顢奤եǰޤꡢʤ
ȥե˶ˤƤȤ˾ޤȤȤǡ
ʤɤоݤȤƤ̥ϤƤ뤫Ȥޤ

Сǯν˸100ɥ˾褻Ȥǯ1ǯ
绨Ĥʸ̤ΩƤƤߤޤʴؿǤСǯ1
εɤǸƲ

֥ץ饤ꡢкѤθ®ǰ

ΰ

ɥ

ʤɤιƭ


ʾΤ褦ñʿ޼ǤԹΤȤ
̤ɤ˿ʤǤ褦Ǥ




ǡϤȡθʹƭͳΰĤˡOPECθ
̤ȤΤޤ

ʤǤ⡢35OPEC񤬳뤽ǤǸ
ˤǤФΤǤϤʤȤȤƤȤΤ


Υ˥塼ʹơɤפޤ

ʤƤäƬǤ礦


Ǥ⡢Фä٤ͤ뾮ʤҤͤԤȻפͤ⤤
ޤˤϡκݡOPEC˫ƤǤʤθ
ײŪ˾ϤäƹԤΤǤСΡ٥ʿ¾ޤ100Ĥ
ȤƤƤ⤤餤Ȼפޤ

֤ɤȡ

ĤޤǤ͡OPEC򸺻ȡꥫɤȡ
񤬤ɤȤȻפäƤ⡢úǤӽ
¤뤳ȤǤ뤫Ǥ

ͤȻפޤ

֤Ǥ⡢ʤ夬

ʤ夬뤫顢إͥ륮γȯʤ
ǤȤ⤤뤳ȤǤʤȤʤС¾μʤ
õʤʤǤ硣

֤ʤȤäơ褬줷ʤ뤸ʤΡ

ʤ餽ǡ̤кΩƤФȤǤϤϤ
ˤϡܤdzФȤ

ˤƤ⡢ϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤʤȤʤȻפä
Ǥ硩

⤷֤ʤδطʤפȤΤǤСäϽǤ


Ǥ⡢֤ʤȤʤȤ͡פȤ֤ɤ󤫤ȡšפȤ
"We have to do something"ȻפΤǤС餫к
ΩƤʤȤʤȤȤǤ

ܤΤäƤ뤳Ȥ򸫤ȤȤƤ⿴Ȥʤ

äȷϢӽиǧ褦šȤ٤ε
ߤǤ

Ǥ⡢ӽиǧƤ⡢Ƥι񤬤ɤ̳餦Τ
ȤȤˤĤƹդǤʤСԴкǤ
ʤΤǤ



䥤ɤʤɤúǤӽ̤¤Ƥ⤤ȡ
Ȼפޤ

NoǤ

ꥫϡʤɤäʤȤߤϰ̣ʤפȤ
äѤäƤޤ

Ȥʤȡ衼åѤܤӽиԤäȤǡ衼
åѤܤδȤӽФúǤ̤ޤ뤳ȤǤ
⡢ΤúǤӽ̤򥳥ȥ뤹뤳ȤԲǽ
ʤΤǤ

 


Ǥ⡢Ǥ⡢Ǥ

⤷OPEC򤷤Ƥ줿ɤʤޤ

㤨Сǯ1󡢰2󤺤ǯٸƤȷ
᤿

ȡʤȤOPECʬξ̤ϳμ¤˸뤳
ȤˤʤޤΤǡ񤬤ɤʤȤȻפäƤ⡢ˤ
¤ݤ졢äơúǤӽФ¤뤳
ˤʤΤǤ

⤦񤬻äʤȤߤʤɰ̣ʤפȤꥫΥ
åΩʤʤޤ

ܤ鸺餹ȤEU鸺餹Ȥꥫ鸺餹
񤬴鸺餹ȤȤĤϡɬפʤʤޤ

ƹϡǤ¿ݤΤǤСθ¤줿
Ф⤤ʧΤȤˤʤޤ

ɤǤ졢ƥǤ硣


֤Ǥ⡢ƤΤϡOPECǤϤʤ

ϤΤȤꡣ

Ǥ⡢OPECϵ岹Ȳ򿩤ߤ뤿ˡε
ߤ򤷤ƤȤѤ˸С¾λйɿ碌
ʤȤˤʤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

Ǥ⤷ʤǤ


Ǥ⡢¤ϡɤȤСʹ¦ϡOPECƤӤ
Ȥ𤱤ʤѤǤ

ɤǤץ饤ߥ˥ʡġƶХߥåȤOPECƤǡ
Υǥ֤ĤƤߤš



ʤ󤫡ȥɥäĤúиä
ڤǤޤޤä򾯤ᤷޤ礦


ƹηкѤ®줬㲼ơ줬ɥ
򾷤ȤޤǤФΡֺƹ̲͡ߡɥι
פǤϡΥߥȤοפ󤬡񤤤Ƥޤ

ФϼΤ褦ˤʤäƤޤ

֥桼¸ˡ

ֻܼѼǤ

ֶɥθ³Ϫ


μĥϡˤǤ

ܤȹȤΤäĤƤλܼϡ1990ǯȾФ˻
ȤĶۤ륰ХܼƤơƹϡֶ
ɥǾڤȤ³褿ȡ


1995ǯ˥롼ӥ̳ĹϡֶɥϹפפȽҤ٤ޤ

ˤäơ

оֻ

ɥ

ή

夲ɬ

Ĺ


Ȥ޼žɬפäΤǤ


о٤ֻ

ֶɥ

ή

Ĺ


ȤޤʾΤ褦ԹΤʥꥪȤȤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ĶȤܤαߤޤᡢΥޥ͡
ꥫ˽ޤä̡Х֥뤬ȯƤޤäΤǤ͡
Х֥⤽Ǥʪʤιƭ⤽Ǥ礦

˿ˤС2000ǯ9Υƥ륷å礭ʷ
ˤʤäȤ褦ˤޤ

ƥ륷åȤϲ

ƥƥβҲҤפΥ桼¤Τˡɥ
Ƥ˴ͽۤ򲼲뤳ȤȤʤꡢƱҤγ1
22ⲼäƤޤä

λǡƴȤˤȤäƤϤϤ䶯ɥפˤʤäƤޤ
Τȡ

ޤȤǤʤܤθưˤɥ¤ǧ
ޤ

ֶɥϹספȤϸĤĤ⡢ְإ졼ȤϻԾ줬פ
ȸơǶΥɥ¤ˤäƹ͢ФäžƤ
ˤФХ֥åΤڤƤ뤫Ǥ

ȤȤǡ޷ʥɥ¤Ϻ뤬ޥɤʥɥ¤ǧ
ΤꥫܲˤʤäƤƤΤǤϤʤǤ礦


Ǥ⡢ɥ¤³ȤȤϡƹϰ̤οꤨ򼨤
Ǥ뤳ȤʤΤǤǧȤȤˤʤΤǤ礦

ƹѿȤĤĤ褦Ǥ



⤷ХΤˤʤä顢ꥫΥ᡼ˡ礭Ѥ
ʡȤäȤפäå򤪴ꤤޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

пʹΡַкѶפǡֺƹ̲͡ߡɥι
Ȥ꡼ϤޤޤȤäƤ⡢塢Ȥ
ȤʤΤǡФƽˤʤΤǤ礦š

󡢡ִ̲ߥɥפʹƤɤƤεޤ

ƹϡϤȤȤ˷кϤǤäƤȤˤ
Ǥ礦Ȥ⡢ƹηкϤοȿǤɥΰҿ
Ƥ뤳ȤǤ礦

ǡƤ줿ؤΥޥ˥奨Ƥ줿
άեκĹϡ㤦򤵤Ƥơ
줬Ѷ̣äΤǾҲ𤷤ޤ

褺ޥ˥奨ʸˤϡʸФĤƤޤ

ƥࡡ¿Ūˡ

Ƹΰݻ񤷤

ƹкѤͥ


⤦ñǡɤΤ褦ʤȤĥƤΤưפ
ĤǤ

ˡĹʸǤˤϡ

ƹ񼴤λ۴ѡ

ָʤء

ŪݼٴѤ

ȤޤǤʤؤȤ櫓Ǥ顢
ϡ̲ߤȤƤΥɥϰ̤ʬѤʤȤߤƤ褦
Ǥ


ϡɤٻޤ

ޤϡŪˤϥޥ˥奨ΰո˻ƱΤǤ
ǤܻΡָʤءפȤΤϤޤ

ȤȤǡ⤦ܤƤޤ礦

ޥ˥奨ϸޤ

狼鸽ߤޤǤ򿶤֤Ĥλʬ뤳ȤǤ
ΤǤϤʤȡ

1ϡ1945ǯ1973ǯޤǤδ֤ǡ2ʹ߸ߤ
ǤȤȤˤʤꡢ1ƹкѤṲ̄ͥݤä
ꡢ2ϡñ˸ƹοŪʡˤȤȤ
褦Ǥ

ơƹηкŪʽŰϤޤޤﲽɥ뤬
ɸ̲ߤϰ̤򼺤äƤפȤƤޤ

ƹϡƹĤ㤤٤ܡ񡢴ڹ񡢥Υ륦
񤬡ƹǤΤǤϤȶƤפȤ⡣


Ǥ⡢ܤ⡢ɥ¤ˤʤȼ͢ФƶƤ
ޤΤǡñ˥ɥ뤳ȤǤʤΤǤ͡

ޥ˥奨ˤСƹ͢Ф⤿餹װʾ
˥ɥ¤»ǽФƤСι»ɤ
ˡηǤ򤷤ʤФʤפȤޤ

ޤΤˤȡš

ܤ޷˥ɥ˽Фǽ㤤Ȼפޤ
λϡҤäȤ餤Ĥλ礭٤Ѥ
ǽϤȻפޤ

ˡХ桼ǤΥɥ¤ϡʵϤǵƤΤ
桹ܿͤ¿ϡбߤǸʤĤƤΤǤ顢
¤Ƥ뤳ȤˤʤʤĤʤäʤΤǤ


˿øȿФΤܻǤ

ϡҤΡָʤءפȤǤ

ˡɥϰ㲼ǧ᤿ȤǡǤϡɤ̲ߤ̲
餺뤳ȤǤΤȡ

ФǤ͡

GDPεϤ̤ϰ̤ˤΤϡܤǤ
θŪ߽϶ˤƸ¤Ƥޤǰ׷Ѥ
ȤΤǤ

Ǥϡ桼ϤɤǤ礦桼θŪ߽
礬ƹ65˼礭25ȤƤޤǤ⡢ɤ
ƤⲤ濴ϰ̲ߤȤƤ¦̤Ȥޤפˡ
ǻȤƤȤϤޤȤȤΤ褦Ǥ

ˡܻϸޤ

ִ̲ߤƸٹԻɸפȡ

¤ˤ򿶤֤ȡ켡ˡƹGDPϡѹ3
εϤˤʤäλǤ⥤ꥹϡݶͻǤϰŪ
Ϥݥɤϰ̲ߤϰ̤ݤ³ȡ

ɥ뤬̲ߤϰ̤ãˤϡޤԤʤ
Фʤʤäȡ


Ǥ͡äѤꡢεϤϤޤ


ޤȤǡɥ뤬̲ߤȤƤϰ̤쵤˳
ȹͤ뤳ȤϸŪǤϤʤ褦˻פޤ

Ǥ⡢ʤɤοкѤϤ®礭ʤäƤޤ

ܤGDPɤȴΤϤ֤ȹͤȻ
ޤ

ˡο͸ƹ4ܰʾ⤢뤳Ȥͤȡƹ
⤦Ƥʤšʵޤ

ɥ뤬̲ߤǤʤʤľȤϻפޤ󤬡̲ͭ
֤ˤʤ뤳ȤưפǤޤ

 

ߤ̲ߤˤʤǽϡؤɤʤΤʤȴϡ
򤪴ꤤޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Ǥ⡢̲ͭߤǤ³ߤȻפޤ͡

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ۻֻͺǤϤʤȡȷäޤ

̣ΤȻפäƤߤΤǤͺȤ
ϡ̤οͤᤷ˿ȿͤʤɴѡȤ
줮̤ξʳ̵ˤޤͺŬѤȡ
褽̵ȤΤͺˤʤäƤޤΤǤϤʤפȤ
Ǥ͡

Ǥ⡢ۻֻϡ⤽Ⱥ԰ټΤʤäΤǤäơ
äƿȿ̤ͤ˸뤳ȤʤϤǤ


ޤϤȤơкѤʬˤͺͤƤߤ
פޤ

ַкѤͺ᤬طΡʬäҤ줿Ȥ
͡

ǤϤޤ

Х֥򵯤ΤïȤ䤤Ф߹Զ
뤿˶ͻ˴¤³䤬Ȥ뤳Ȥ
ޤ


ˡǶƹưХ֥ȯ⡢꡼󥹥ѥĹ
ͻ¤Ȥȸ뤳Ȥޤ

դˡ®ۻˡȤԶĹ
ȤȤ⤢ޤ͡

Τ褦ˡкѤˤͺʤҤäȤ顢ͺǤϤʤ
Τޤ󤬡ˤˤƤϡξԤƵԤȤʤäƤ


ΤäǶ̤Ǥθοܤ򾯤õäƤߤޤ
ʺϡܤǤϡ٤ϤʤʤäƤޤΤդ

褺륷å1973ǯǤ4.25ä
礬եޤ뤿ˤɤɤȰ夲Ƥ1973
ǯ12ˤϡ9.00ΥԡãƤޤơθޤ
IJ졢1978ǯ3ˤ3.50ΥܥȥãƤޤ

ơˡץ饶դä1985ǯ򿶤֤ȡ
ϡޤǤ5.00󤫤龯İ졢1987ǯ2ˤϡ
2.50ΥܥȥãƤޤ

ޤǶᡢŪޤƤ뤻3.5
2.5󤬥ܥȥäʹƤԥʤ⤷ޤ󤬡
δФ餤С餬äȤפФ


ޤŤäǶ̤ǤĤȤդ¸ΤǤ

Τʤ

ޤǤ礦͡Ǥ⡢ǯʾοͤʤ顢ΤäƤȸäƤ
줽Ǥ

ȤΤϡ6.1ζĤĤȤ̣Ǥ

ֶ6.1ĤΡ㤤

ͤ⺣ʤϤǤ

Ǥ⡢50ǯ6.1󤬰۾㤯줿ȤäΤ

ʤȤäƤ⡢礬9ˤޤãиä櫓Ǥ

ȤȤǡȤɤ⡢3.5Ȥ2.5ȤΤϡ
Ƥ㤤Ǥꡢΰ̣Ǥϡ䤬פڤäƶͻ
¤ƤȤޤ

Ǥ⡢Ǿ¤νλ˥Х֥뤬äȤ
ǤΤǤ礦

Τˡͻ˴¤Ƥˡ
ԤפھǤäȤϴְ㤤ޤ

Ǥ⡢˲äƤȤʾˡ桹ܿͤˤʤ
ƤȤ礭ͳʤΤǤ

ܤϥꥫɤȴΤǤϤʤȡֻפäޤ

ꥫư㤤ܴȤޤ

ꥫλ夬ꡢܤλʤɤȾ˻פ
ǤޤäΤǤ줳ܿͤˤХ֥
ĥܿͤʤΤǤñˡ㤯ޤ餤ǤΤ褦ʸ
ݤФ뤳ȤϽʤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢ǤϡΤۤܿͤ϶ˤʤäΤ

ϡܤ饢ꥫؤ͢ФܤϺĸˤʤꡢ
ꥫϺ̳ˤʤäǤ˥֥åޥǡΩ
ľ⡢ܤᤫäǤ

ǡܿͤܤȻפΤǤϤʤͤޤǤܤ
Ȼפ褦ˤʤȡ˿ʽФ볤δȤΤ
ΤȤʤ顢ϲϹƭޤǡƭ뤫顢
򤷤褦ȤޤȡϤʤ夬
餯Ǥ

ƥХ֥뤬櫓Ǥ

ͻ¤⤽ʤ̤⤷ޤ󤬡ǤϤ
ޤ

ȡ⤦ġ䤬Х֥μˤʤʤͳ򤪼
Ȼפޤ

ϡԤȤΤϡޥ͡ץ饤ñ˥ȥ뤹
뤳ȤǽǤϤʤȻפ뤫Ǥ

ʤȤȡӤäꤹͤ¿⤷ޤ͡Τ
顢кѳؤΥƥȥ֥åǤϡȤñԤޥ͡
饤򥳥ȥ뤹뤳ȤȤƤ뤫Ǥ

ơξǡͻθ̤Ƥޤ͡

Ǥ⡢ͻθ̤ˡ˥ޥ͡ץ饤Υ
뤬ۤɴñ˽ΤɤɬפΤ


䤬㤤ڤɤɤ¹Ԥ顢ޥ͡ץ饤Ϥ
äΤʤΡ

Ǥ͡䤬ԤͭĤ㤤ꡢ
θ֤̲ߤФСԾ˽в̲ߤϼ괺
褦˻פޤ

Ǥ⡢˥ޥ͡ץ饤ΤǤ礦

ϡΤ褦ˤήưˤʤäԤλ
ͻ˲󤷡ơͻȤλ
ʤɤ˻ȤơƳ줿⤬ޤԤ¶
¤ŤȤ褦ʸݤȼʤ¤ꡢޥ͡ץ饤
äʤΤǤ

ޤȿФ˸С䤬㤤ڤ»ܤʤƤ⡢Ԥ
ͻ٤ˤ䤫ˤʤꡢηкѤȯСޥ͡
ץ饤äƤΤǤ

ޥ͡ץ饤Ȥ褦ˡ֥ץ饤פȤդĤƤΤǡ
ޤǤԤ뤷Ƥ褦ʥ᡼ȼޤº
ϡǤϤʤΤǤ


Х֥ȯȵդθݤⵯޤ
٤ϥǥեȯǤ

ǡǥե줫æѤܻؤŪ
ܤ줿ΤǤޥ͡ץ饤礭䤹ȤԲǽǤ


ΤȤ⡢Ԥޥ͡ץ饤뤳Ȥǡ
ʪäƤޤ


Ǥ⡢ˤϡΤȤͤΤ¤Ǥ

⤦ľۤؤޤ

ߤʡۤϡ2003ǯ3˽ǤΤǡ̻5ǯ̳᤿
ȤˤʤΤǤ礦桢¼եɤؤνлʤɤȯФ
ɾȽȤ⤢ޤǤˤϡΥޥߤ٤
˫ᤷΤ¤Ǥ

ϡ®ۤ;Τʤ٤³
⤷ޤ

ʾ˶褦ʤΤˡʾͻ¤
Ƥ̣ʤǤϤʤȤͤǤ

ǡ®夵⡢䤫СǨ夻줿褦ʳʹˤʤ
Ƥޤ顢ǾQŪʷϵʡ椵󤬴ޤ줿
Ǥ


⤦ľۤޤȤƤޤ

Ǥ⡢ɤʤۤˤʤȡηкѤˤۤɤαƶͿ
ȤϤʤ⤷ޤ󡢤⤷Ԥεǽθ³ʬ
ƤΤǤС

 

ͺϡݤʤȤå򤪴ꤤޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ҤǤޤο餫ˤʤäƤޤ

ޤ¿οͤϡ¿ʬפƤȻפΤǤ



Ȥǡλ򤭤äȤƥƥӤƻ줿
ϡܤοΨǡ㤤ȤȤǤ͡

ʤȤǹȤΩݤƤΤȡ

ΤˡܤϤäŪʰ򤷤ʤȤʤȹͤ
ΤǡƱդǤȤ⤢ΤǤǤ⡢Ūˤϡ
ʪ俩ʤ¤ܤäƤäʤΤ

ϡŪʥ㥤Υ줬ƤȻפΤǤ
ʤΰޤˤĤ졢ޤѡ
褦ˤʤȻפΤǤ

äơΤʤͤߤ顢äѤ¤˱ۤȤϤʤ
Ǥ

ͭԤȤܤ͡μΨ褦ʤȤ
ǡˡΧǤä͢¤ʤ¤ꡢ¤ʤή
Ȥ뤳ȤϤǤʤΤǤ

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