кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

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ߤˡ1ǯο٤С16.2㲼Ȥޤ

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ΰǡƹǤϡĶΤ˽ο
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褤򤪷ޤ

 

 

͡Ȼפäå򤪴ꤤޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ϡɤ񤭤ȤޤꤢޤǤ


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Ƹʤȡ

 

 

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

γ߽ƤƻƤޤ

Ργ߽ƤΤǤޤ


Υᥫ˥ͤˡեȤޤ礦


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ܤγ߽äΤϡɥ㤤Ԥäꤹ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

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NHKϤȤޥߤγ󡢥ڥȤΤϻߤƲ

 

ѸǼȤ򤹤ʤѤؿӤȡʤȤϤʤȻפ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

2008ǯⲡͤޤäƤޤǯϲäΤǤ礦Υ
ǽ񤤤ȤˤߤƤߤޤ礦ϡ֤褤פɤߤޤ

褺ϡ1


1 4 2008ǯкŸ˾
    5 2008ǯкŸ˾2
    11  Сʥ󥭵Ĺȯ
  12  ޤޤ
    13  λĮ
  14  ϵ岹Ȳιͤ
  15ƹηʵк
  16ƹˤʵкɬ
17ȿͤ
18ƹζ۵޷ʵɷ
19ƹζ۵޷ʵк
20꡼ξ
21ƹηʵк˼˾ͳ
22Ʊ
23FRB0.75ζ۵
24ƹηʵк
25ƹηʵкȡ2
26ʪؿ0.8徺
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28ŷפ
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30ꥫԷʵ
31ƹ0.5

 

2008ǯϡ˲ƻϤޤäΤǤʿѤ15000
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1ϡꥫηʵкؿƤӤޤƹǤ2
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2ƹθư
4ȥ֡ץ饤ߥ˥
5ڶϸ餵ʤȥʤΤ
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12G7ζƱ
13λοʤ٤ƻ
14GDP3.7Ĺ
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17Υ饤ʶͻݾڲҡ
18
19кѤͺ
20̲ߥɥ
21ʤιƭȥɥ
22NY⤬ǹ
25úǶԤȤͤ
26Υ饤γդݻ
27ƹϤϤ䥤ե줫
28ۤʪȶ
29˥塼衼ԻԸ̶ɤο

 

2ϡG7Ƕͻ˴ؤܤηиȤޤ顢פ
Ȥޤ;͵ޤ

Υ饤Ȥդо줷ޤҤλ郎Τ⤽κ
͡

 

 

31ۤλʤȤ


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10ۡʡ۸
11ܶԤΥ
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13ʤ110ɥ
141ɥ뤬99ߤ
14󤬽ī
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17FRBäƤ뤳ȡʾڷҤεߺѡ
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19ƹ0.75
20ۤԺ
21⡢
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27٥󥺵ߺѤͤ
28ƻϩ⸻
29Сʥ󥭵Ĺϥإꥳץ餪򻵤
30Хʡ
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3ϡۿͻǤޤ줫顢ƹξڷҤΥ٥
󥺤ߺѤޤ

 


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28ʤι
29Ψ
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4ˤʤȡʤȹʪʤס夬³ޤȼΨޤ
ؿ򽸤Фޤ

 


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5⡢³ʪʤ夬³Ū˿꤬ؿ򽸤

 


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6ˤʤȡ򲰥Ȥդо줷ޤ줫顢
դ󤿤Υǥ⤬ޤ

 

71CO2򸺤餹ˡ

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11FRBθ³þǧ
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20ϵ岹Ȳ
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231Х300ɥˡʥԥ󥺻ͽۡ
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30
31ꡡ2

7ˤϡƶХߥåȤŤޤȲк˴ؤƤϿŸ
κʤ300ɥޤǾ夬ȤͽۤФޤեˡᥤ
եǥޥåܤФΤ⤽κǤ

 

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8ˤϡ̵ԥåޤƹǤԤþ³Ƥ
ޤޤŤȤäȤǤ

 

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18亮ȥ󡦥ߥ塼奢Ϥɤʤ롩
18륬󥹥졼ʤΤ
19ƤʤФʤͳ
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20ɺĸ㤤
21⤬ؤ֤ä魯
22ͤβˡ
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24ƹ»Ƥ
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9ޤƤμǤƤˤʤޤ

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ѡեˡᥤȥեǥޥåϵߺѤΤˡšơAIGˤĤƤϡ
žܲƹǤϡͻؤؤλưФޤ

 


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10ʿѤ8100
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27ڹζǺ
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30ΤʤΤ
31ϺϡкѤ̾ʤΤ


10Ū˳˽ƹǤϡöݷ褵Ƥͻ경ˡ
Ωޤϴ⡼ɤء¶ؤζͿפ
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11Х޻᤬ΤС
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     9ؤ
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11̲ߥå׶Ƚ
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21䤬פ


12ޤǤƹ񤬥ƧڤޤƼư
ֻȤˤ۵ͻ񤬷ꤵޤ
ƹǤϡޥɥոʥåĹˤͻ郎ȯФޤ

 


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ϡĤˤϡ쥸åȡǥեȡåפۤɤޤǤ
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ܤΥХ֥٤Сꥫνʤ㲼ϤϤ뤫˾
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äơܤޤ򤹤뤳ȤͽۤǤޤǤ

 

ͤͽۤϡäǤ礦

 

 

ʤ˲ȤϻפäƤ⤤ʤäȤå򤪴ꤤ


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˹Ĥ㤤夲ۤ򤳤ޤǤ12鲯ߤ14鲯ߤ
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Ǥ⡢ФɾϥޥǤ

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촫пȤǡߤۥեʥ󥷥륰롼פɽ
ĹäƤͤȤ 
  
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񤦤ȤǤ


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褺0.1˲ʤɤȤͽۤΤĤȤ򤹤ΤǤϤ
ϥꥫΤ褦ˡ㤨С0.250.00Υ󥸤ͶƳ
ɸͤȤФ褫äΤǤ

ϡޤͶƳɸ򡢤󥸤Ǽ
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ˡĹĤ㤤夲ۤˤĤƤ⡢12鲯ߤ14
ߤذ夲ʤɤȤȤǤϤʤ㤨СǤФƤ
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ˤƤ⡢FRBϵҤ˹ưϡȤλ
ǹưƤȤ᡼夬äƤޤޤ


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¤Ͼʤꡣ

ꥫϡ˥ѤȸΤ


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ɤ̣ʬǤ


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⤷¶˶Ϳ褦ʤȤ򤷤ƤʤС
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ǤϡˤϡƤ롣

ºݤˤϡ¶˶ͿƤޤ

󥼥ѤȤäƤ⡢ˡĶ
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ȤȤǡޡåȤ˻⤬֤ĤƤƤ⡢
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ȤСĤƤܤΤ褦ˤۤܥˤʤ뤳
Ϥʤ


Ǥ⡢֤ϡݤä֤Ȥơ
ǤΤǤ

 

⤦1ġá

2001ǯ3ܤŪѤȤŪ
ϡݡȥեꥪΥХ󥹸̤ȤƤޤ

ɤȤȤС¶ʽ¶ˤˤ϶Ĥʤ
ǡֶ̱Ԥͭ¶λĹ⤬礹ȡפ
夲뤿ˡĤ¶¤Τ⤬߽Фʤɤ˲
ȹͤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢ꥫܤ⡢¶ʽ¶ˤ˺ϡ
ƤǤ

ȤȤϡΥݡȥեꥪΥХ󥹸̤Ȥͤϡ
ꤵ줿ȤȤˤʤޤ

ΤȤϤϤä곰˸ä٤Ǥ

 


򲼤Ƥ⡢̤ϸ¤ƤʡȻפäå
ꤤޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ƹ񤬡GMȥ饤顼˶۵ͻԤȤꤷޤ

â331ޤǤ˺Ʒײ褬Ǥ뤳ȤǤΰ̣Ǥϡޤ
衢ɤʤ뤫ʬޤ

֥åΤǤ


Good morning. For years, America's automakers have
faced serious challenges -- burdensome costs, a shrinking
share of the market, and declining profits. In recent
months, the global financial crisis has made these
challenges even more severe. Now some U.S. auto executives
say that their companies are nearing collapse -- and that
the only way they can buy time to restructure is with help
from the federal government.

ֲǯδ֡ꥫμư֥᡼Ͽľ̤Ƥ礹
ѡ̾ޡåȥסǶǤϡŪ
ͻ֤ؿˤƤ롣䡢ꥫμư֥᡼ηб
ԤˤϡþŤƤȸԤ⤤롣ơƷΤλ֤
ԤͣˡϡܤεߺѤʤȸ


 This is a difficult situation that involves fundamental
questions about the proper role of government. On the
one hand, government has a responsibility not to undermine
the private enterprise system. On the other hand, government
has a responsibility to safeguard the broader health and
stability of our economy.

֤ϡ񤷤ǤꡢܤŬڤȤϲȤŪ
ޤǤ롣Ǥϡܤˤϡ̱֤Υƥ򿯤ƤϤʤȤ
Ǥ롣¾ܤˤϡкѤǰꤷΤݤǤ

 

 Addressing the challenges in the auto industry requires
us to balance these two responsibilities. If we were to
allow the free market to take its course now, it would
almost certainly lead to disorderly bankruptcy and
liquidation for the automakers. Under ordinary economic
circumstances, I would say this is the price that failed
companies must pay -- and I would not favor intervening
to prevent the automakers from going out of business.

ּưֻȤн褹ˤϡ2ĤΥХ󥹤뤳Ȥ桹˵
롣⤷桹ͳԾΤʤޤޤǤȡ餯ư֥᡼
̵˻ȲΤ˻ǤϡþҤʧʤ
ФʤʤǤޤϡư֥᡼˻뤳Ȥ
뤿˲뤳Ȥ⹥ޤʤ

 

 But these are not ordinary circumstances. In the midst
of a financial crisis and a recession, allowing the U.S.
auto industry to collapse is not a responsible course
of action. The question is how we can best give it a chance
to succeed. Some argue the wisest path is to allow the auto
companies to reorganize through Chapter 11 provisions of
our bankruptcy laws -- and provide federal loans to keep
them operating while they try to restructure under the
supervision of a bankruptcy court. But given the current
state of the auto industry and the economy, Chapter 11
is unlikely to work for American automakers at this time.

֤̾ξȤϰ㤦ͻȥꥻåοˤꡢ
ꥫμưֻȤ뤳ȤȤϡǤ٤Ȥϸ
ϡǡ˵Ϳ뤫Ǥ롣Ǥ⸭ˡϡ˻ˡ11
꼫ưֲҤ뤳ȤȼĥԤ롣֤
餬֡ܤͻ򤹤ΤưֻȤȷкѤθ
˴դߤС˻ˡ11ϡΥꥫμư֥᡼ΤˤϤʤ
ʤǤ

 American consumers understand why: If you hear that
a car company is suddenly going into bankruptcy, you
worry that parts and servicing will not be available,
and you question the value of your warranty. And with
consumers hesitant to buy new cars from struggling
automakers, it would be more difficult for auto companies
to recover.

֥ꥫξԤϡΤΤäƤ롣⤷뼫ưֲҤ
˻ʹȤ褦ϡʤΤϥӥ
ΤۤǤơϡݾڤβͤˤĤƵ
ǤơԤϡ춭˴٤äưֲҤ֤㤦Ȥ
餦Ǥ顢ưֲҤƵ뤳Ȥϱסˤʤ

 Additionally, the financial crisis brought the auto
companies to the brink of bankruptcy much faster than
they could have anticipated -- and they have not made
the legal and financial preparations necessary to carry
out an orderly bankruptcy proceeding that could lead
to a successful restructuring.

ֲäơͻΤǡμưֲҤϡͽۤƤ᤯
ʥΩƤޤäΤᡢϡä˻³˰ܹ
뤿ˡŪμƤǤƤʤΤǤ롣ä˻
³ϡؤƻ󤯤ΤǤ뤬

 

 The convergence of these factors means there's too
great a risk that bankruptcy now would lead to a disorderly
liquidation of American auto companies. My economic
advisors believe that such a collapse would deal an
unacceptably painful blow to hardworking Americans
far beyond the auto industry. It would worsen a weak
job market and exacerbate the financial crisis. It could
send our suffering economy into a deeper and longer
recession. And it would leave the next President to confront
the demise of a major American industry in his first days
of office.

֤ΥեäȤǡޤˤꥹ礭ʤꡢ˻
ϡꥫμưֲҤ̵ʲΤ̣ǤηкѸ
ϡϡ̿ƯƤ륢ꥫͤˤȤäƼ뤳
ȤǤʤ˼Ȥʤȿ롣ڤäѻԾ줬סβͻ
򰭲뤳ȤˤʤơкѤ꿼Ĺꥻå˰
ꤳǤʤȡΤϡνǤˡꥫμ
׻Ȥλ뤳Ȥˤʤ

 

 A more responsible option is to give the auto companies
an incentive to restructure outside of bankruptcy -- and
a brief window in which to do it. And that is why my
administration worked with Congress on a bill to provide
automakers with loans to stave off bankruptcy while they
develop plans for viability. This legislation earned
bipartisan support from majorities in both houses of Congress.

ǤϡưֲҤ˻ǤϤʤƷΤΥ󥻥
֤Ϳ뤳ȤǤ롣Ʒ뤿ξǤ롣Τᡢܤϡ
餬ײꤹ֤˻뤳Ȥʤ褦ưֲҤͻ
ԤȤˡƤ̤ȡIJȤȤ˰ˤʤȤ櫓Ǥ롣ơ
ɤĶٻ岼ΤǤ

 


 Unfortunately, despite extensive debate and agreement
that we should prevent disorderly bankruptcies in the
American auto industry, Congress was unable to get a bill
to my desk before adjourning this year.

ֲ桹ϡŤ͡ưֻȤ̵˻ϲ򤹤٤Ȥ
Ϲդ򸫤ԹˤIJϡˡƤ̤ȤǤʤä

 This means the only way to avoid a collapse of the U.S.
auto industry is for the executive branch to step in.
The American people want the auto companies to succeed,
and so do I. So today, I'm announcing that the federal
government will grant loans to auto companies under
conditions similar to those Congress considered last week.

֤ΤȤϡꥫμưֻȤ򤹤뤿λĤ줿ͣ
ˡϡ뤷ʤʤäȤ̣롣ꥫι̱ϡư
ҤĤ뤳Ȥ˾Ǥ뤷⤽ǡϡϢˮܤ
轵ƤΤƱͤξդơưֲҤͻԤȤȯ
ɽ

 These loans will provide help in two ways. First, they
will give automakers three months to put in place plans
to restructure into viable companies -- which we believe
they are capable of doing. Second, if restructuring
cannot be accomplished outside of bankruptcy, the loans
will provide time for companies to make the legal and
financial preparations necessary for an orderly Chapter 11
process that offers a better prospect of long-term success
-- and gives consumers confidence that they can continue
to buy American cars.

֤ͻϡ2Ĥΰ̣Ωġˡư֥᡼ˤϡ3
֤ͱͽ֤ͿҤǤ뤿ηײꤵ롣
ˤϤǤȲ桹Ͽ롣ˡ⤷Ʒ˻³ȼ鷺
˹ԤȤǽǤʤΤǤСξ硢ͻϡ˻ˡ11ˤ
ä³ˤȤäɬפˡŪν򤹤뤿λ֤
ҤͿ뤳Ȥˤʤ롣˻ˡ11μ³ϡĹŪߤС
뤤̤ͿǤơԤˤϡ³ꥫμ֤㤦
ȤǤȤ괶Ϳ뤳Ȥˤʤ

 


 Because Congress failed to make funds available for these
loans, the plan I'm announcing today will be drawn from
the financial rescue package Congress approved earlier this
fall. The terms of the loans will require auto companies
to demonstrate how they would become viable. They must pay
back all their loans to the government, and show that their
firms can earn a profit and achieve a positive net worth.
This restructuring will require meaningful concessions from
all involved in the auto industry -- management, labor
unions, creditors, bondholders, dealers, and suppliers.

ֵIJϡͻͿ뤳ȤǤʤäΤǡȯɽƤ
ͻϡIJ񤬺ǧͻ경ˡȤΤʤDZФ롣
ͻξϡưֲҤƷǽǤ뤳Ȥ뤳ȤǤ롣ư
ֲҤϡͻܤ֤ɬפꡢҤפ夲̳Ķ
ʤʤ褦ˤʤȤʤΤȤϡưֻȤ˴طƤƤ
Ԥ礭ʾ⤬ɬפǤ뤳Ȥ̣롣бļ¦ϫƯȹ硢ĸԡ
Һĸԡǥ顼ʶԡ


 In particular, automakers must meet conditions that experts
agree are necessary for long-term viability -- including
putting their retirement plans on a sustainable footing,
persuading bondholders to convert their debt into capital
the companies need to address immediate financial shortfalls,
and making their compensation competitive with foreign
automakers who have major operations in the United States.
If a company fails to come up with a viable plan by March 31st,
it will be required to repay its federal loans.

äˡưּҥ᡼ϡĹŪʺƷˤȤäɬפȤ
ɬפ롣ˤϡ࿦ƥ³ǽʤΤˤ뤳ȡҤ
ä­н褹뤿ˡҺĸԤ̳ܤž뤳Ȥ
뤳ȡͷƹȤƤ볤μư֥᡼Ʊ褦
ʿˤ뤳Ȥޤࡣ⤷Ҥ331ޤǤˡײΩƤ뤳Ȥ
Ǥʤä顢ͻֺѤ뤳Ȥ


 The automakers and unions must understand what is at stake,
and make hard decisions necessary to reform, These conditions
send a clear message to everyone involved in the future of
American automakers: The time to make the hard decisions to
become viable is now -- or the only option will be bankruptcy.

ּư֥᡼ȹϡǤ뤫򤷡Ʒɬפʺʷ
Ǥ򤹤٤Ǥ롣郎ꥫμư֥᡼ξˤ
Ƥο͡Τʥå뤳Ȥˤʤ롣Ʒ뤿񤷤
򤹤ΤϺʤΤʤС˻ʤ

 

 The actions I'm announcing today represent a step that we
wish were not necessary. But given the situation, it is
the most effective and responsible way to address this
challenge facing our nation. By giving the auto companies
a chance to restructure, we will shield the American people
from a harsh economic blow at a vulnerable time. And we will
give American workers an opportunity to show the world once
again they can meet challenges with ingenuity and determination,
and bounce back from tough times, and emerge stronger than
before.

ȯɽƤ֤ϡʤɬפʤȤ˾ߤ֤
֤ˤ뤳ȤͤСꥫľ̤Ƥ뤳н褹
ˤϡˡǤŪǡǤǤΤưֲ
˺ƷΤεͿ뤳Ȥˤäơ԰ʻˤäơ
ι̱Ƿ⤫ߤȤˤʤ롣ơꥫͤϱΤȷϤ
ΩȤǤơƤɤꡢĤƤ⶯ʤäƺƤӸ롢
ʤȤ˼򥢥ꥫϫƯԤͿ뤳Ȥˤʤ


Thank you.

 

 


3ޤǤˡƷײ褬ǤΤȻפäå򤪴
ޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

Ǥ

֤⤷ꥫηкѤ⥤֤ä顢GM䥯饤
ϡܤ˵ߺѤɬפϤʤä

ιͤˡΡ


ǡǤ礦

ʵɤä顢֤ԤⰭʤäš
顢ʶ춭˴٤뤳Ȥʤ

ʤƹͤƤޤ󤫡

⤷ꥫηкѤ⥤֤ä顢GM䥯饤顼
ϡ˻³äƤȻפΤǤ


Τ

ꥫܤäƤΤǤ

ʵɤС§ɤбĤ˹ԤͤäҤ˻
Τ

ϰ۾

§ŬѤǤʤ

ϡư֥᡼ˤ󤵤αƶޤˤ礭

ȤȤǡԹGM䥯饤顼ϡƹԷʵ
餳ǤӤƤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢ޤƤѤäƤޤ

ڥ꡼ƻޤ


Just to step back for a minute, if you thought that
our economy today could handle the collapse of
the American auto industry, then you might come to
the conclusion that doing nothing was an option.

֤ää᤹ɡ⤷ƹκηкѤưֻ
н褹뤳ȤǤȹͤΤǤСλϡˤ
ʤȤˤʤǤ

In a strong economy, we would probably come to
that conclusion, as well. But we don't have a strong
economy today. We're in the middle of a recession,
and we have continued credit and financial market
issues that we're trying to work through. And the
overwhelming evidence is that the collapse of the
American auto industry would have a terrible negative
consequence for our national economy, resulting in
massive job losses, the failure of many businesses
who are dependent on the auto industry. The ripple
effect would be quite strong.

ַкѤΤǤС桹¿ʬͤǤ
ηкѤϡϤʤΤ桹ϥꥻåοˤ롣
ƶͻ³Ƥꡢ桹ϤбѤʤΤơ
μưֻȤ椬кѤ˶ƶͿη
̡ưֻȤ˰¸Ƥ¿ο͡򼺤ơư
Ȥ˰¸Ƥ¿δȤݻ뤳ȤˤʤǤ;
Ȥ;ˤ⶯


And so once you've decided that the economy cannot
withstand that type of a blow, then the only question
is how do you deal with it. And I know that there are
a lot of opinions out there about how to deal with it,
or to not deal with it at all. But there's only one
person who has the responsibility to make a decision
and to get the answer right once Congress failed to
act, and that's the President. And that's why it's just
taking us a few days to get information from the companies,
digest it, see how we could provide possible short-term
help to them.

֤ǡкѤǷѤʤȡȽǤȤ
СĤ줿ͣϡǡн褹뤫ȤȤˤʤ롣
н褹ˤ¿褬뤳Ȥ⡢н褷ʤ
褬뤳Ȥ⾵ΤƤ롣IJˡΧ̤ʤä
Ǥ뤫顢򲼤ǤΤϡͤʤʤ롣
ΤǤ롣顢¦ơ̤ɤ
ä뤳ȤǤ뤫ͤƤΤ

I will tell you this: The President is not going to
allow a disorderly collapse of the companies. That is
not an option. Some people have assumed that that's
one of things that we would decide. That is not going
to be the case. When the President says we're going to
take all of this into account he means that we're going
to do something. And we're nearing a conclusion, we're
narrowing options. I just don't have anything for you
today.

֤ΤȤäƤΤϡưֲҤ̵þϵ
ʤˤϤʤΰĤȹͤƤ
ͤ⤤롣ǤϤʤΤƤΤȤθ
ȸȤˤϡפʤȤ򤹤ȤȤ桹Ϸ˶
Ƥ롣ɤˡˤ뤫Ƥ򤷤Ƥ롣ϤޤȤ
ʤ

 

̵þϵʤ

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ĴǡײŪþ뤳ȤǤ

饤顼ϡ1֤ιȤߤ᤿ФǤ
ҤäȤ餽ΤޤޤˤʤäƤޤ⤢ΤǤ礦



ߤʡȤå򤪴ꤤޤ

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ƹ񤬥ƧڤäȼߤƤޤ

ǤϤޤ󡣥ɤŪ˰
ԤȼߤƤŪ¿褦˸ޤ


ޤƹμΨ޾徺ӥå3ǯۤ뤫ɤ
Ǥ顢FRBפڤä֤ȤΤʬʤǤϤ
ޤ

եΨϡɤʤΤǤ礦

FOMCȯɽʸˤСեʬۤʤȤ
ʤȤäƤޤ͡

ƹξʪؿϡ1216ϫƯʤȯɽƤ

пʹˤϡΤ褦˽ФƤޤ

11ƾʪ1.7

β

ƹ11ξʪؿĴѤ1.7Ⲽ
ȤΤǤ

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ɤξ徺ΨȤȤˤʤޤޤִ®ǤǤ

ƻߤȡꥫ⡢ĤƤܤΤ褦˥ǥեꤷ
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פǤ礦

֤顢ǤäƽФΤ͡

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ǡϵҴŪŤʬϤɬפޤ


ȤȤǡϫƯʤӤޤȤäƤ⥤󥿡ͥåȾǡ

ȡΤ褦ʥǡɽƤޤ



ʪؿˡ

ؿͥ륮ؿ
2008.50.64.40.2
2008.61.16.60.3
2008.70.84.00.3
2008.8 -0.1       -3.1        0.2
  2008.9            0.0       -1.9        0.1
  2008.10          -1.0       -8.6       -0.1
  2008.11          -1.7      -17.0        0.0
ǯƱˡ1.1      -13.3        2.0




2008ǯ11ξʪؿϡΤ˥ޥʥ1.7Ǥ

80.090.0101.0Ǥ顢ʪβ
ϤäꤷƤ褦ˤפޤ


ԤäƲ

ꥫϡʪưȤˤϡ䥨ͥ륮βʤ
١Ǹ٤Ȥ褯äƤޤ

䥨ͥ륮βʤϡʵưȤϴطʤװư
Ȥ¿顢Ƥߤ뤳ȤʵȽǤξǤϴפȡ

ơȥͥ륮ؿ򥳥ؿȸƤǤޤ


ǡΥؿߤȡ

11ϡ0.0Ȥ̤ˤʤäƤΤǤ5ʹߥޥ
ʥˤʤäΤ10Ǥ⡢0.1󲼤ä

ޤˡ11ΥؿǯƱ٤ȡޤ2.0ä
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椬Ǥϡʪ徺Ψ򸫤ˤϡ̾ǯƱǤߤ뤳
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פȤʤ櫓ǤؿǤߤƤ⡢11ؿ1.1
פǤ


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󡢤η̤ɤȽǤޤ

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ȡšȹͤͤˤȤäƤϡʪäȤ˥塼
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ƹFOMC(ԾѰˤ򤳤ޤǤ1.0
顢0.250.00Υ󥸤ѹ뤳Ȥꤷޤ

⥼κѤǤ


FOMCʸߤƤߤޤ礦

The Federal Open Market Committee decided today
to establish a target range for the federal funds
rate of 0 to 1/4 percent.

ָԾѰϡեǥե󥺥졼ȡˤͶ
ƳɸΥ󥸤00.25Ȥ뤳Ȥ˷ꤷ

Since the Committee's last meeting, labor market
conditions have deteriorated, and the available
data indicate that consumer spending, business
investment, and industrial production have declined. 
Financial markets remain quite strained and credit
conditions tight.  Overall, the outlook for economic
activity has weakened further.

βʹߡѴĶϰٽС񡢤ƹ
Ƥ롣ͻԾϰȤƶĥ֤ˤꡢͻ
ϸкѸ̤ϡƤ˼ޤäƤ

Meanwhile, inflationary pressures have diminished
appreciably.  In light of the declines in the prices
of energy and other commodities and the weaker
prospects for economic activity, the Committee
expects inflation to moderate further in coming
quarters.

ְե찵Ϥϡ˼ޤäƤ롣ͥ륮¾ΰ켡
ʤβʤ㲼Ƥ뤳Ȥȡкѳưޤ븫̤Ǥ뤳
顢ѰȤƤϡȾˤƥեϼޤͽ

The Federal Reserve will employ all available tools
to promote the resumption of sustainable economic
growth and to preserve price stability.  In particular,
the Committee anticipates that weak economic
conditions are likely to warrant exceptionally low levels
of the federal funds rate for some time.

ϢȤƤϡ³ǽʥڡǷкѤƤĹʪ
ΰݻ뤿ˡѤǤƤ֤ư롣
ˡѰϡкѤ꤭äƤ뤿ᡢեǥե󥺥졼Ȥ
äδ֡㳰Ū㤯뤳ȤǧǤȹͤ 

The focus of the Committee's policy going
forward will be to support the functioning of financial
markets and stimulate the economy through open
market operations and other measures that sustain
the size of the Federal Reserve's balance sheet at
a high level.  As previously announced, over the next
few quarters the Federal Reserve will purchase large
quantities of agency debt and mortgage-backed
securities to provide support to the mortgage and
housing markets, and it stands ready to expand its
purchases of agency debt and mortgage-backed
securities as conditions warrant. 

ְѰκξϡԾϢΥХ󥹥
Ȥ礵̤ͻԾ줬ǽ뤳Ȥٱ礹
Ȥ˷кѤ뤳Ȥˤ롣˸ɽȤꡢȾ
δ֤ˤơϢϡ̤νҤκķȽôݾ
Ծٱ礹뤳ȤȤޤ˱ơ
ҤκķȽôݾڷιۤ礹뤳ȤȤ

The Committee is also evaluating the potential
benefits of purchasing longer-term Treasury securities. 
Early next year, the Federal Reserve will also
implement the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan
Facility to facilitate the extension of credit to
households and small businesses.  The Federal Reserve
will continue to consider ways of using its balance
sheet to further support credit markets and economic
activity.

ְѰϡĹĤ뤳ȤŪåȤƤƤ
Ǥ롣ǯˡϢϡȷפٴȤؤͻٱ礹
뤿ˡʪôݾڷͻ٤¹Ԥ롣Ϣϡ
åȻԾȷкѳư򤵤˻ٱ礹뤿ˡХ󥹥ȤѤ
򺣸³Ƥ

 

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