кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2009ǯ08

ϤˡǤȤޤȸ碌ĺޤ

ĹäǤ夬¸Ǥ򤷤Ǥ

ơ̱ޤοľͤ󤬡̱ƻȤǡԤͽ
γƾģͽγ׵ˤĤơ31ʳǤ٤
ȸä󤸤Ƥޤ

夬¸ǤȸޤʳǤϡޤ
ܤȯ­櫓ǤϤޤ

ΰ̣ǤϡͽκȤϽ͡ȿʤ٤Ȥͤ
⤢Ǥ礦

夬ޤäʾ塢αĹǤͽ
ȤԤȼΤְ̣ʤ󡪡׾֤ˤʤäƤޤ

Τäơ̱ޤϡͽʸľԤȤɽƤ
Ǥ

顢ǯ8Фƾģγ׵⡢ɬ
פʤȤȤǤ

νγͤϡ831˺̳ʤ˳׵ԤäƤ12
ܤޤǤͽεȤʤޤ

Ű˶ᤤ褦Ť櫓Ǥ

9101112ȡۤ4֤⤫ơ̳ʤͽ
׵ԤΤǤ


Ǥ͡Ϥʤ˻֤򤫤ɬפϤʤΤǤ衣

4ȾϡȴΤκȤʤΤǤ

äƤ̣ʬǤ礦

ĤޤꡢͽȤϡ׵ΰˤܴۤ餯餤ˤ뤫
ȤȤ졢ϡȤäͤȤȤˤʤ
ΤǤޤǤϡģͽ礭ӡ¾Ǥ
ģͽХåʤɤȤȤϡؤɤʤä

ʤȤ򤹤С²İδ餬Ωޤ󤫤顣

ȤȤǡͽˤĤƤ⡢κ︺ˤĤƤ⡢§
ƾģ¤ӤȤȤˤʤΤǤ

ܿͤäơ¤ʤäºȤʤȤȤäơ鼫ʬ
ͽ줿äơ¾ģƱ褦˺ΤǤ
Сʤʡ᤬ĤΤʤΤǤʬ
ȤʤȡǤʤ

Ǥϡɤ뤫Ǥ²İ̤˲ΩƤƺ̳
˾櫓ǤͽդޤǤưʤȡ

ǡ̳ʤϡʤȤ򤵤ȡäƤޤäơ

ɡ¤ӤˤʤäƤޤޤ

ȤʤΤˡνϡ4⤫ͽ׵
ƤΤǤ

פˡƾģˤĤͽȤκǽ餫ޤäƤ
ˡ̳ʤϡƾģդ׵Ϥ򤵤ƤȤ
Ȥˤʤޤ

νκμ1Ĥϡͽ뤳ȡ

Ǥ顢ͽǧᤵȤͽۤǧ
ȤȤϤԤ櫓Ǥ

Ǥ⡢Ϥ󤤤Τϡ˶ϤʤΤʤΤ
Τʤ⸻ϸ¤Ƥ뤫顣

ƾģ׵򤹤롣Ǥ̳ȹͤƤ뤫顣

顢׵Ϥ褦Ⱥ̳ʤϹͤ櫓Ǥ

ơ׵᤹뤳Ȥǧȡ褺ϳƾģ餬Ωġ

ǤäơŰ˶ᤤ֤ǡ̳ʤ³롣
ơ
֤34³СšͽǽŪ
ǧʤƤ⡢᤬ĤȤΤǤ

ΤȤϤäŤȡ

ȤͽȤΤʤʬƤΤǤ
ʤȤǤϡɬפΤʤΤФäڤ뤳ȤϤ
ޤ
ޤΤϡɬפȻפΤǤ⡢ʤʤͽ
ĤȤʤΤǤ

夬ʤ줿ʾ塢ͽȤŪ˸ľȤ
ɬפʤΤǤ顢׵ʤɻߤʤΤǤ

ȯ­塢ܤͽδŪʹͤν˽ʬ
򤵤ͽƤ餻ФäǤ

 


̱ΰո褯ȿǤͽ٤Ȼפå
ꤤޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ͼˡȷʸƤȽפȤФƤ
ޤ

äƤ⤦

󡢷ȷʸȤΤ¸ΤǤ

ȷɽƻʸƤΤǤǥꥫƳ
λԾ츶ϤȽҤ٤ƤΤǤ

䡢ʸϤɤˡȷɽϥꥫλ˾ܤʤ
ʡȻפޤ

麣ܹǻԾ츶Ƚ뤳ȤήԤäƤ
ˤƤ⡢ΥꥫͤˤϤԤȤʤȻפǤ

ˤϡƸ饸ˤȡƳɾIJΥ顦ߥ
鸦ʸƴط˽ʱƶͿʬϤƤ
פȤޤ


ͤšä緶ǤϤʤǤ礦

ȤΤȤǤ顣⡢äΤȷ


ϤäƤ⡢ꥫθ饸ⵤˤʤޤ

ȤȤǥåƤߤޤ



While the strong U.S.-Japan relationship is not 
fundamentally threatened, a victory for the DPJ presents 
a different stance from the more conservative LPD, which
has generally supported U.S. political and economic goals
around the world.

ƤζǤʴطܤ鶼뤳ȤϤʤ̱
ޤƤСޤƹŪڤӷкŪɸٻƤ
ݼŪʼ̱ޤΩȤϰۤʤäΤˤʤ

The Democratic Party leader, Yukio Hatoyama, signaled
some of his party's planned changes in international 
economic policy in a commentary Thursday in The New
York Times. Hatoyama denounced what he called
"market fundamentalism in a U.S.-led movement that is
more usually called globalization."

̱ɽȷͳ׻ϡ˷Ǻܤ줿˥塼衼
ॺʸΤʤǡݷкѤʬˤƹͤƤ
ѹ򼨺ȷϡƹƳλԾ츶ȸƤФ
Ρ̥ХꥼȸƤФ뤬񤷤

Hatoyama argued that globalization ignores human
dignity, and said his administration would work on
people-oriented policies that "take greater account of 
nature and the environment, that rebuild welfare and 
medical systems, that provide better education and child-
rearing support, and that address wealth disparities."

ȷϡХꥼ󤬿ʹ֤º̵뤷Ƥȸ
Ͽʹ濴äȤȽҤ٤ϡ
ĶŻ뤷ޤʡŤβס˶Ұƻ
硢ơ٤γʺΤǤ


Sheila Smith, a senior fellow for Japan studies at the
Council on Foreign Relations, says Hatoyama's article
should serve as a wake-up call to the Obama
administration to be ready for a new Japanese approach 
that could show itself as early as the G-20 economic 
summit in Pittsburgh in late September.

ֳɾIJܸ椬Υ顦ߥ鸦ϡȷ
ʸϡХˤȤäƤηٹˤʤȽҤ٤9ν
ΥԥåĥСǤG20ηкѥߥåȤǡܤοб֤꤬
餫ˤ뤫⤷ʤΤǡ˽Ƥ٤Ȥ
ΤǤ


Leaders from the world's major industrial countries will
use the meeting to discuss the global financial crisis.
Japan may not be as willing to go along with solutions 
that the new ruling party regards as promoting
unrestrained, American-style capitalism.

ּʹΥ꡼ϡβǹݶͻƤĤ
ȤȤʤäƤ뤬ܤϡͿޤꥫμͳʻ
ܼ¥ʤȹͤ褦ʲˤƱĴʤǽ⤢


Smith says a big victory by the DPJ in the 480-seat 
lower house of parliament means that the party could 
have a relatively free hand in implementing its policy 
goals.

480ʤνıˤ̱ޤ羡С̱
ϡ»ܤǥե꡼ϥɤ뤳Ȥˤʤȥߥ

"Three-hundred-plus seats means we'll have a DPJ 
government for at least the next three to four years,"
Smith says.

֡300ĶεʤȤȤϡ34ǯ֤ϡ̱ޤˤʤ
ȤȤ٤ȥߥϸ

But domestic issues, not foreign policy, would likely 
dominate the agenda of the new government in the first
few months, some analysts say.

֤ǽοϡǤϤʤμ
ˤʤꤽǤȤȤ⤤

ά


Dispute Over Military Bases

Smith says a DPJ victory could also lead to changes in
Japanese security policy, including the status-of-forces 
agreement that lays out how U.S. military forces can 
operate on Japanese soil. Japan hosts about 47,000 U.S. 
troops.

̱ޤƤСܤΰݾˤѲȥ
ϸˤϡܹƷ֤Ƥϰ̶
ޤޤ롣ܤˤ47ͤƷαƤ


One potential dispute centers on how much Japan should
pay of the cost of relocating a U.S. Marine base from
Okinawa to Guam, a move that is supposed to be
completed by 2014. U.S. bases in Okinawa have been a
source of controversy for years because of disputes over 
land and a series of violent crimes committed by U.S. 
troops.

1ĤϡƳʼβ줫饰ؤΰžܤ
ɤʧ٤ȤȤǤ롣ž2014ǯޤǤ˴λ
ȤˤʤäƤ롣ƷϤϡĹǯΥͤˤʤäƤ롣
ϡϤƷʼˤȺ᤬䤨
Ǥ

Under an agreement in 2006, Japan would pick up more
than $6 billion of the estimated $10 billion cost of the
relocation, mainly for building new housing for the
Marines in Guam. DPJ leaders have said that is too much.

2006ǯιդˤС¦ϡ100ɥȸޤž
Τ60ɥʾô뤳ȤȤʤäƤꡢˡ
볤ʼΤνߤ˽롣̱ޤΥ꡼
ϡ¿ȽҤ٤Ƥ

 In his New York Times opinion piece, Hatoyama stressed
that he wants Japan to take a more integrated role in
East Asian affairs and align more closely with China and 
South Korea. But he added that Japan's alliance with the
U.S. would "continue to be the cornerstone of Japanese 
diplomatic policy."

֥˥塼衼ॺʸȷϡܤ쥢Ǥä
Ūôȡڹȶ̩ϢȤ뤳Ȥ
ĴȷϡܤƹȤƱطϡܳ
äǤ³Ǥդä


How Much Can The DPJ Deliver?

Even with a decisive win Sunday, it remains to be seen 
whether Hatoyama can bring the kind of change his party
is promising. The 62-year-old Stanford-educated 
engineer has a reputation for being wooden and lacking 
charisma .

˷ŪʾȤʤäƤ⡢ȷ᤬ޤ«Ƥ
ºݤˤ⤿餹ȤǤ뤫ʬʤ

ά

A bigger challenge is that the DPJ is a fractious party, 
composed of a spectrum of politicians ranging from
socialists to disgruntled former members of the LDP.
"Some people in the DPJ have been suggesting that the
U.S.-Japanese relationship won't change at all, and then 
you've got Hatoyama writing that op-ed," Szechenyi
says.

ϡ̱ޤҲԤ鸵̱ޤʬҤޤǤ
礤ӤȤȤ̱ޤˤϡƤδط
Ѥʤȷ᤬ʸ񤤤ΤȤԤ٤
ϸ


Ĺʤ궲̤Ǥ

ǡǤ礦ɤۤϡ

䡢פΤǤȷοդϡƱϺѤȤ
Ȥ餫ˤƥꥫ¿뤳ȤŪä
פΤǤ

äȳʹĤơԾ츶Ƚꡢϡ
Ż뤹ʤƸäΤ顢ꥫ¦θ򾷤
ȡ

ꥫ¦θ򾷤ȤäƤ⡢ˡοͤʸ
ƤǤʤȻפΤǤ

äѤꡢꥫκܤФ륹󥹤ϡѥå󥰤Ǥ


饸ƻƤϳȵҴŪǡȽŪǤʤäȻפä
ϡå򤪴ꤤޤ
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͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ޤޤ

ĹäǤ͡

δ֡ϡΩŪ˳ޤΥޥ˥եȤʤɤʬϤĤ
Ǥ


褺ǽ˸Ȥϡޥ˥եȤ˲񤳤
줬ݾڤϤʤǤϤʤȤȤǤ

㤨С̱ޤϡפˤʤäŷζػߤߤޤ

졢뤳ȤǤΤǤ礦

褷ƿ뤳ȤϤǤޤäơΤȤǤ
ơΤȤˤƤޤˤȤäƤ⡢Ĥδ
ΤȤǤ

ջ᤬̱ޤķӽФΤϡ̱¦˸̳פ
ܵǤ뵤ʤڤʤΤǤ

ơδ˵ڤǤƱȤ򷫤֤ƤΤǤ

ȤȤǡޥ˥եȤ˲񤳤򿮤뤳ȤǤ
ΤǤСӤȤȤǤޤ

ˤƤ⡢ϡ夷顢ޥ˥եȤ˽񤤤Ƥ
ȤǤ⡢彤뤳ȤäƤ⤤ȻפΤǤ
ˡ̱ΰոȿǤǡǤ

̱ޤȤͽۤȤʤäƤޤ˳ͤΤ
褦ˡȷɽο͵⤤ȤͳǤʤäƤ櫓
ǤϤޤ

̱ްͽۤͳϡ̱ޤФ뤪
Ȥ̱λפ΢֤ʤΤǤ

ȤȤǡ̱ޤΥޥ˥եȤ㤷ٻ̱ޤ
ٻȤͤϡۤ¿ϤʤȻפΤǤ

餳ޥ˥եȤ˽񤤤ȤǤ⡢äȹ̱ȿǤ
ǽä뤳Ȥϡ礤˷빽ʤȤȻפΤǤ


ơ̤ƶȤޤ

ϡͥåȳˤ㤷̱ȽǤ

̤̱ޤȽ뤳ȤȤĤϤʤΤǤ
ưȰۤʤäƤޤ

ٻޤĴ̤ʤɤˤƤ

ɤʤäƤΤǤ礦ȤԤƤ뤳ȤϤ
ΤǤ礦


줫顢⤦1ġ

⤷夬¸ȤˡޤǼ̱ٻƤ
褦ʿ͡ΤҤ֤褦˿ٻ뤳ȤϤʤ
Ǥ礦

빽ȻפΤǤ͡

㤨Сζȳο͡

ʤȡŻʤ顢ȡ

ǤʤȤǤ

ˡ̱ޤΥޤ褦ʿ͡빽ΤǤϤʤǤ



ˤƤ⡢󤬽ä夬ʤ줿顢ϵ岹
кˤܵǼȤǤ餤ȹͤƤޤ

줳ܤΤˤǤ뤳ȤʤΤǤ





٤ѤͤϷ빽Ȼפå򤪴ꤤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

7δΨǹ5.7Ȥʤޤ

ޤǤκǹ5.5äΤǡ0.2ݥȾä櫓

ꥫμΨϡߡ79.4Ǥ2˾褻
ϴְ㤤ʤȻפƤ뤳Ȥ餹Сܤξˤ⡢⤦
徺ǽȤߤƤΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢ĤΤȤʤ顢̤Ǥβ٤줬´
ȤǤ

ơ̤Ǥηкѻɸ˥饰ȼȤ顢̤
ȯ뤳Ȥˤʤޤ

ϡʵˤĤƤȽǤǤ

ΡĤäƷʵȹͤ뤫

Ψ㲼ޤǷʵϤޤäȹͤʤȤС
ޤޤͻ¤ư뤳Ȥˤʤޤ

ʤȡʵкǤߤˤĤƤΥߥ󥰤
äƤޤޤ

ꥫ⡢塢ȤǺ褦ˤʤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ȤǡΨοȯɽ줿ĤǤˡ椬ϫƯ͸
οܤ򤪼Ȼפޤ

Υդ

ϫƯϿ͸ο




































ĤϫƯϿ͸򼨤Ƥޤñ̤ͤǤ

1990ǯθȾդ꤫ƬǤˤʤäƤΤʬȻפ


֤ϡϫƯϿ͸򼨤Ƥޤϡޤ
ĤĤ褦˸ޤ

̾GDPΥդ򤪼1990ǯθȾդ꤫̾
GDPؤɲФ֤ˤ뤳Ȥ򤪼ޤϫƯϿ͸
Ʊ褦˲Ф֤³ƤΤǤ

15̤ο͸ϸ³ƤǤ礦顢ǽ
ƬǤˤʤäƤФǤʤפޤΤϡη
˻פޤ

ȤĹάȤΤǤС褺λ
¤褯ǧɬפΤǤϤʤǤ礦

³ΤǤСɷ㤹褦
ܤ褦Ȥʤʤ̤ɽʤΤϡΤȤʤΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢ椬ο͸ưɤΤ褦ͽۤ뤫ȤȤȡ
Ĺά礭ʤäƤȤȤǤ

äơ⤷椬ĹϤ᤿ȤΤǤС
ϡ͸뤳Ȥ򿩤ߤ뤳ȡ

ơϫƯϤμȤˤϡδóϤ
뤳ȡ

óϤȤΤϡƥȤ夲ФȤ
ǤϤޤ󡣼ʬƬǹͤϤ޾ܤ뤳ȤɬפʤΤǤ
ʤǤ礦

ϫƯϿ͸ƤʤΤǤϡGDPʤʤäʤʡ
Ȼפäå򤪴ꤤޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ǶᡢꥫγᤷƤƤޤ

ȤƳڴѤϵʤΤǤ礦3ξȤϿʬ
ѤäƤƤ褦Ǥ

ǤϡƹηʵǤĤĤΤǤ礦

Τˡưʤɤ򸫤¤ǤϡޤǤϳǧ줿
ϤʤǤ礦ʤϡ


25ȯɽˤʤäS&P顼ؿʼ10Իԡˤ
1.4徺ȯɽޤ

ϤΥ˥塼ɤİޤ

ƹνʤϴ˲ߤޤꡢƤӾ徺Ϥ᤿ȹͤƤ
ΤǤ礦

ФƤä⤤Ȼפޤ¤ϡS&P
顼ؿˤĤƤ29Υ֥Ǥ⤴Ҳ𤷤ޤ

ΤȤˤϡ3ǯ֤˾徺žȤƤǤȤ
ȤǺϡ2Ϣ³ƽʤ徺ȤȤˤʤΤ


ǯäƤS&P顼ؿưǧƤߤޤ

ˤS&P顼ʻؿʼ10Իԡˤϡ2000
ǯ1100ȤؿǤԡϡ2006ǯ6226.29
Ǥ


1157.96
2154.60
3151.45
4150.38
5151.08

6153.20


5ϡ4150.38151.08˾徺6ϡ5
151.08153.20˾徺櫓Ǥξ徺Ψϡ
1.4󡣤ơ4٤С1.9ξ徺Ǥ


ߤˡĴѤߤλؿǤߤƤ⡢

4151.45
5151.42
6152.55

ȡȾ徺ƤΤǤ5ϡĴѤߤλؿ
ϡ徺ƤϤޤˡ

ȤȤǡؿǤߤ2Ϣ³ξ徺ȤȤǡ
ʤǤäȽǤƤ褵ʵޤ


Ǥ⡢¾ˤⲿǤ΢դ褦ʺʤΤǤ礦

줬ΤǤ

ŽȯɽˤʤäƤޤ7
ϡ7.2ä4Ϣ³Υץ饹
ʤޤ

ơ26ȯɽˤʤä7ο۰ͷƽ⡢
9.6ä4Ϣ³Υץ饹Ǥ
ǯƱǤϡ134ۤɲäƤΤǡޤӤ
ǤϤʤΤǤ¾ǡ߸˷7.5ʬ
1ʬۤɸƤΤǤǯ1ˤ12.4ʬ⤢
äȤͤȺ߸ˤ¤˸ƤƤȤ櫓Ǥ


ȤͤȡȿžϤ᤿ȽǤƤ
㤤ǤϤʤ褦ʵƤǤ

ơ⤷ʤˤ䤫ʤǤ徺뤳Ȥˤʤ
СԤɺĸγۤ⾯Ͻ̾˸Ȥͤ
졢줬Ԥͻ¤뤳Ȥͤ櫓Ǥ


ѴĶϡ尭뤳ȤޤƤޤԾ
ϡǤäȽǤƤˤƤΤǤ礦


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ʡȻפäå򤪴ꤤޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

Ƶ٤ߤäƤϤΥХΤĤǸ꤫


The man next to me, Ben Bernanke, has led the Fed
through one of the worst financial crises that this nation 
and the world has ever faced.

ֻ٤ˤ٥󡦥Сʥ󥭤椬ޤǤľ̤
ζͻˤäơϢĥäƤΤǤ


As an expert on the causes of the Great Depression, I'm
sure Ben never imagined that he would be part of a team
responsible for preventing another.

֥٥ϡ網θȤȤơ網򤹤뤳Ȥ
ǤĥΰȤʤ뤳Ȥʤɡ褷ƹͤȤʤä
Ȼϳο


But because of his background, his temperament, his 
courage, and his creativity, that's exactly what he has 
helped to achieve.

֤η򡢿ͦ¤ϤޤǤ
̤˹׸Τ

And that is why I am re-appointing him to another term
as Chairman of the Federal Reserve.

֤줬䤬FRBεĹȤǤͳʤΤ

Ben approached a financial system on the verge of
collapse with calm and wisdom; with bold action and out-
of-the-box thinking that has helped put the brakes on our
economic freefall.

֥٥ϡͻƥबʥˤäȤŤȱΤʤ
бʹưŪȯۤˤäơ椬кѤ
뤳Ȥ˥֥졼򤫤Τ


ĤäƤ褦ˡХΤä֤ϡкѤ餻
ΤˤϤޤƤޤ

ԡʹƤƤ⡢ޥǮΤޤ

ˡǤϺФ餯ΤˡɤƲƵ٤ߤκ˴
ǤȯɽΤ

ˤϲΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⥪ХΤϡСʥ󥭻ᤳFRB
ĹȤƺŬȽǤ򼨤櫓Ǥ

ƬǤʤ褯Τ¤äƤ롢ȡ

ˡǡout of the box thinking Ǥ롢ȡ

ŪʼˡˤȤʤȯۡ

۾ˤϰ۾бǧ٤ȡ

۾бϡ꡼ޥ󥷥åʹߤ˻Ϥޤä櫓
Ϥޤ󡣤1ǯʾ2007ǯ8ϤޤäƤΤ

Ϥ䡢ϢϡʤΥǥѡȤˤʤäޤ

ơǸڤФ줿ʤϡĹĤ
Ǥ

Ǥ⡢ϡĹĤ㤤ˤϼդϤʤäΤ
͡
ϡԴطԤʤ顢ïǤʬȤǤ礦

äƤʤʤä

ϡưΤ˹Ĥȯ;ʤƤ뤫
ơƱˡƹĤκͭԤǤ񤬡Ĥޤ
ƹĤͭ³ȤݾڤʤǤ

⤷Ĥξò񤷤ʤäƶƭ뤳ȤˤǤʤС
кѤϱס𤷤Ƥޤȡ


ƹܤϡ10ǯ֤κֻεϤȯɽޤ

ȤޤǤ2ɥä9ɥεϤã롢ȡ

ƹܤξˤϡĴã̤ˤơ椬Ȱۤʤ곤
Ф¸٤⤤ˡֻεĥѤ˥ꥹ
ΤǤ

ư˵ޥ֥졼򤫤ȡʵβŦळ
ˤʤ꤫ͤޤ󤷡šФȤơư³ĤȯԤ³
ȡ٤ϡեǰɥ¤εƭ꤫
ʤȡ

ХΤϡʾFRBεĹ夵뤳Ȥϥꥹ
礭ȹͤΤǤϤʤǤ礦



ꥫܤϡڶλѤʤΤȻפäå򤪴
ޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ȸ̳ηȥܡʥ򡢣ʿѤǯ15ߤۤɸ
뤳Ȥꤵޤ

¸ΤǤ

֤Сͻ𤬤ʤƤ͡

οͻδ»ܤܤꤷΤǤ

βϡ0.22Ȥۤ礭ʤΤǤܡʥ
ǯ0.35ʬˤʤȤ

˷50ߤäƤȤС0.35ʬȤ
Ȥϡ175ߤˤʤޤ

ϾʳۤǤϤޤ

 

ϡηꡢɤפޤ

ֻˤϡطʤš

ʤȤ鷺ˡ

Ǥϡ褫Ǥ

ʣִ̱ȤԶǺäƤΤ顢̳ε򲼤Ƥ

ˡ

֤

ޤ³ΤǤ

֤䡢̳ϡ礷Ż⤷ʤΤˡ⤹

Ǥϡդ˼䤷ޤʵʤƤ⤤ΤǤ

֤ɤȡ

Ǥ顢̳εͿȤȤϡ̳ס
򹵤뤳Ȥˤʤäơ䤨ޤ̤ޤš
ˡ̳εͿΤǤС̱֤βҤϡ˵Ϳ
뤫⤷ޤ

֤Ȥ㤢ܤϤɤƵͿ򲼤Ρ

ޤϡ̳εͿϡ̱֤εͿ˽򤹤
ˤʤäƤ뤫Ǥ

ˡηǯ٤ư᤯ꤵƤޤ
¿ʬˤưȤǤ礦

֤ɤơ

̳εͿ򲼤뤳ȤǡٻΨåפȤȤǤ

ֹ̱μСͿΰԤ٤ǤϤ
ʵΤȤͤС٤ǤϤʤȤȡ

ñ˹ͤȡȤ櫓Ǥ

ִνߤ

ɤȤǤ礦

֤äơˤʤСŷǡ˵Ϳ⥫åȤ
š

ȤǤ͡

ޤˤƤ⡢οͻδ»ܤϡ
䤹̤礭褦˸ޤ

ʵβ֤ȶӤʤ顢䤹Ȥμ¤ʤȤ
äƤޤȤ櫓Ǥ

ˡ̳εͿåȤȿФ͡⤤ΤǤ

֤ϡ̳β²Ǥ硩

̤̱֤

֤ɤˤΡ

ԤǾʤäƤ

֤ɤơ

Ԥμ׻ȤϡģϻꡣפˡŹȾ
Ҥ󤬡̳طԤʤΤǤΤҤε
С夬ޤ

顢ο͡ϡɤƸ̳εͿ򲼤Τʸ
򤤤ΤǤ

ʤƤ⡢20ǯλԤϡˤޤ


䡢פΤǤΥӥȥ󥹥ӥ饤ȯ
뤿ˤϡ̳εͿֵ̱ͿϢư٤ǤϤʤ
ȻפΤǤ

Τˡ̳εͿ̱֤εͿ礭ʳʺȯ줬
ĤޤǤäʤΤϤ褯ʤΤǤ礦ʵ褯ʤäƤ⡢
̳εͿۤɾ夬ʤ褦ˤƤСդ˷ʵ
ʤäƤ⡢̳εͿۤɲʤƤ⡢̱Ǽ
ȻפΤǤ

ơΤ褦˸̳εͿबʵư礭ʱƶ
ʤʤСΤ褦˾䤨Ǥˤ⡢ӥȥ
󥹥ӥ饤̤ȤǤȻפΤǤ

夷顢Ȥޤơ̳٤פ
ɤǤ礦


̳εͿ򲼤סʵʤΤϻ¤ɡš
͡Ȼפäå򤪴ꤤޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

̱ޤȡ̤ƹ򱿱ĤǤΤ
ȿۤͤ뤫Ȼפޤä˷кѤˤĤƤϡäѤ
ʤɤȤδط̱ޤ¿Ǥ뤫šʤơ

ۤϡʤȤäƤޤ

֤ФޤҲϽ롣Ĺ³ޤ

ּ̱ޤ̱ޤ٤Ƥ餤кʤ
СʬϤǤʤ

Ǥ̱ޤΤޤǤҲߤʤΤ

ԤʤɶͻؤߺѤΤǤФȤʤǤϡҶ
ҤŻʤΥ᡼ޤǵߺѤ㤤ޤ

ˡ®ƻϩ1000߾⡢ϤȸС̱ޤ
ĥ򿿻櫓Ǥ

лˤƤ⡢¸ߤƤޤ

ܤϡ˻ԾкѤΥ줿ΥˤΤǤϤʤǤ


٤κѤƤܤԤ᤮Ծ츶Ϥ
󡢤ʤɤȤΤʹȡϤ⤦ФǤ

⤦Ԥ᤮ȲϤ󡢤ȤФ
Ƥ⤤ΤǤϤȤޤ

äᤷޤ

̱ޤˤʤȡкѤפʤΤ䤤Ǥ


ϡ

֤ʤδطʤ!ʤδطʤ

ɤƤʤȤ뤫äơ

γξ徺Ƥޤ

ʹƥӤϡ̱ޤΰϴְ㤤ʤȸƤޤ
ޡåȴطԤϤΤƤޤ⤷Ĥ
«ʤͽۤСϲǤ

Ǥ⡢ϥåס

Ǥϡ̱ޤؤδԤ礭Ͼ夬äΤ

ϡޤʤδطʤ

徺Τϡ轵ꥫγ夬ä
ơ߰¤˿Ƥ뤫ǤPeriod.



ˤƤ⡢ۤϡˤơܷкѤ3ǯ
2ǯꤿʤƸäƤޤšǤ͡

äơϡǯ9μ̱ޤʳǡ
кѤ3ǯȸäƤΤǤ

ʡȤϰ㤦ǤȤäơǤ񸫤򤷤Τ
ǯ91ơ910𼨤졢䤬
3ǯȸ櫓Ǥ

ˤ3ǯȯϡѥʡĤ¢ȯʸ礬
ҥȤˤʤäƤΤǤϡšȸ⤢褦Ǥ

ǤλݥȤǤ

9νȸСޤ꡼ޥ󥷥åϵƤϤޤ

ޥ󥷥åΤϡǯ915

ơΥ꡼ޥ󥷥åľʳǤϡͿ
ϡܤؤαƶϥϥ˻ɤ줿١ȸäƤǤ

θ塢ƱԶ˴٤ꡢ͢ФϷ㸺
Ǥ

ȤȤǡϡ꡼ޥ󥷥åܷкѤξ
3ǯȿǤϤʤΤˡθ3ǯȸ³Ƥ
ȦǤ

ѤˤȻפޤ3ǯȯ

ΡΥߥȤϡȯ뤷ʤΤǤ礦

ϡü饳ȤƤʤȻפäƤǤϤʤ

ˤƤ⡢Τ褦ʿ͡кѱĤ򤳤줫ǤƤ
졢ȤäƤšͤǤ͡


ȸäơ̱ޤηкѱĤ̱ޤڤͥ
Ȥʤ櫓ʤΤǤˤƤ⡢̱ޤȳ
«ʤΤǤϡȤΤϡʷϵɺäƤȸ
äʤΤǤ

夬ʤȡܷкѤʤȤΤǤ
СˤäҴȿƤȹͤޤ



ˤƤ⡢ܤγϥꥫȻפå
ꤤޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ϡȤˤäƥƥӶɤΤƤޤ

եƥӡNHKơƥī

Ǥ⡢ޥʤǤ͡

եƥӤΥ󥹤Τʤ

ϥʤǤפʤɤȤ̱Ҳ𤷤ꤷ
ơš

NHKϡήФȵʤƤ褦˸ޤ
ޤ

ơǸ˥ƥī

ĸϺȤʹ֤ϡΡͤƤΤǤ礦

ϡĤȰ㤤ܤκþƤޤȶĴƤ

ùǤ餤


ޤˤƤ夬ˤθϡʹƻ椬
̱礬ͽۤƤ뤫Ǥ

⤦̤ФƱ褦ʤΤȤʷϵǤ

ĸϺϡƻĴη̤Ҳ𤷤Ƥޤ

虜虜ʹڤȴ򸫤ʤ


ǽīä300򱮤

ϡФΡ300Ķ

ơΡ320Ķ


ϡпʹɤǤΤǤ300ĶȤ
ɤ˾äޤʤΤšȡ

顢Υȥåפθưˤʤ俷ʹƱ褦
ͽۤ򤷤Ƥޤ

ΤȤ顢⤦Ϳޤͭͽۤ򤹤ΤȻפäƤ
Τǡ⾯äޤ

ǡäȶäȤޤ

俷ʹĴпʹĴϡȤХꥵĴ
ꤷƱĴʤΤäȤ

ʤ󤸤㤳졪

ϡԤष̣ƤΤǤ礦١
ˤʤĴƱǤС褦ʷ̤ˤʤΤǤ

ɤȼĴ򤷤ʤΤǤ礦

ƤޤФȶƱĴȤΤǤСɤξ
Ϥ餫ˤʤäΤǤ礦


ϤȤơʹɤޤʤȸäƤۤϡǶ
ϡʹˤФޤǤ

󤬡ܤˤĤƹͤƤˤޤ礦ȡ̱˸
äƸäƤޤ

䡢ĤͤƤΤǤ

ܤˤĤƤ⥢ꥫˤĤƤ⡣

䡢פΤǤɤΧ˵դ褦ʤȤϤ
ȻפΤǤ

ʤˤ⤬Ϥʤ

̵̤ʤΤϷ빽

Ǥ⡢äȻȤ٤ΤϤ

˾ĤˤȤФΤʬΤǤ
ʤƤΧɤʤ

ʤ⤬ΤǤСϷͤΰô¤
Ǥ礦

®ƻϩ̵ˤƤ⡢βäƤ®ƻ
ϩˤĤ̵ΤʬΤǤǤʤ¿ۤ
ä®ƻϩˤĤ̵Τϡ˹ʤ

⹻μ̵ȡλʧǼƤ
̵ǤʿƤ֤Ǥ

ؤξػִԤʤƤ⤤褦ˤʤơ

ʤȤꡢμ㲼ɤȤäȤäȽפʤ
ǤϤʤǤ礦

ΩؤΤʤˤϡݤΤ˳­ʬäƤ
⡢ؤƤȡ


ʤ󤫡μҲΤ褦򸫤ƤȡԤŤ䤫褦ʤ
ȤФäƤ褦ʵΤǤ

Ǥ⡢Ť䤫Ƥͤˤϰ餿ʤΤǤ

ϸߤ


ˤƤ⤬ؤǤϡˤǤȺ
äƤ뤳ȤȻפޤ

̱ޤΥޥ˥եȤˤϡŷΤäŪ˶ػߡפ
Ƚ񤫤Ƥޤ

졢褷ơŷŪػߡפǤϤʤΤǤ֤äפ
ߤޤȤȤˤʤäƤޤΤȤˤʤޤ

Ǥ⡢ۣ椵Ѥơν򥳥ȥ뤷褦ȤƤ
ΤǤ礦


ĤޤĸϺϥƥӤ˽³ĤȻפä
å򤪴ꤤޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

Сʥ󥭵Ĺ21磻ߥ󥰽ǹֱ򤷡κݡƷ
Ѥ줷ĤĤȯȡƻƤޤ

桹ܿͤϡ׿ͤȯˤĤƤϡƥӤ俷
ʹʤɤƻ̤ƴŪΤ뤳ȤǤޤǤŤ
侯𤬰ۤʤäƤޤ

ˤäƤϡ󥿡ͥåȤ̤ơǧ
뤳ȤǤޤ

äѤ㤤ޤ͡

ʬDzʹȽǤΤȤǤϡš

äˡΤΥԡˤĤƤϡ䲻ǧȡɤ
ޤܵǸäƤΤ褯ʬޤ

ǤϡΥСʥ󥭵ĹΥԡϡɤΤ褦˼ä
ɤΤǤ礦

ʵǤäơ줫ϡ뤤ȸäƤΤ

ϡƹ̱εʬ뤯뤿ˡȤ
ƤΤ


Сʥ󥭵ĹϡºݲȸäƤΤǤ礦


 

 Overall, the policy actions implemented in recent 
months have helped stabilize a number of key financial
markets, both in the United States and abroad.

ŪˤߤС֤˼»ܤ줿֤ˤäƹ
ӳμפʶͻԾΰ경ޤƤ


 Short-term funding markets are functioning more
normally, corporate bond issuance has been strong, and
activity in some previously moribund securitization
markets has picked up.

ûͻԾϡ˵ǽ褦ˤʤäƤꡢҺĤȯ
ȯޤλξ֤ˤäڷԾƤƤ


 Stock prices have partially recovered, and U.S.
mortgage rates have declined markedly since last fall.

ֳʬζ򽩰ʹ㲼Ƥ


 Critically, fears of financial collapse have receded
substantially.

ֶͻζƤƤ


 After contracting sharply over the past year, economic
activity appears to be leveling out, both in the United 
States and abroad, and the prospects for a return to
growth in the near term appear good.

ַкѳưϡǯ®˽̾塢ƹˤƤⳤˤ
ǤĤĤ褦˸롣ᤤ˥ץ饹Ĺž褦
˸


 Notwithstanding this noteworthy progress, critical
challenges remain: Strains persist in many financial
markets across the globe, financial institutions face
significant additional losses, and many businesses and
households continue to experience considerable difficulty
gaining access to credit.

֤ˤؤ餺꤬ĤäƤ롣¿
ζͻԾˤϡĥäƤ뤷ͻؤɲŪ»
ľ̤Ƥ롣ơ¿δȤȷפϡͻ񤬼ˤ
³Ƥ

 Because of these and other factors, the economic
recovery is likely to be relatively slow at first, with
unemployment declining only gradually from high levels.

֤ͳ⤢ꡢкѲΥԡɤϻϤϤäꤷΤ
ʤȻפ뤷ޤΨϹξ֤䤫ˤ
㲼ʤȻפ


ǡǤ礦

äѤFRBεĹǤȴϤޤ

Economic activity appears to be leveling out ȡʵ
ǤĤĤ褦˸ȤϸĤĤ⡢ţɤ
ޤ

ޤޤԤɺĸϲ褷櫓ǤϤʤȡ

ΤᡢԤͻ٤ϸȡ

ƤޤѤβˤϡλ֤ȡ

ɤǤߤȡʡȤʤǤ⤢ޤ

Ǥ⡢餳äƤʤ褦˸ΤǤ


 

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