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޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2009ǯ09

Ĺʤ٤͡3Ĥ櫡

ɤɤʸ¤Ǥޤ졢ݥȤοʹ
Ǥ

ϫƯʤδνϺǸޤǡĹäʤĤ
ʤΤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢äơȸ̳ˡȿǤȸ̳ϡ
λˡˡ餷ʤ̿˽פ櫓
Ǥ顣

˸ȤʹʤȤΤǤСˤ
ƤäɤǤ礦ˡϫô
ο䤹ȤäΤȡޤʤϫƯʤʬ
ɤǤ礦

פ֤СιפְäƤ
ΤǤ

̣ʤģ礷Ƥޤ

ʤϫƯʤҤäĤơϫƯʤˤʤꡢơ
߾ʤȹģȱ͢ʤҤäĤƹڸ̾ʤˤʤš
ǡɤȤäȤΤǤ礦

üˡͤˡ⡢ˡͲƤ⡢Ѥ餺ͽ
ˤäƱĤƤꡢ⡢ˡͲȤˤäơ
ݥȤŷ䤷ʤΤǤ

ϡѹο򤷤褦ʤΤǤ¼Ūˤϡ
ͤλפ̤ˤƤޤäΤǤ

ܤΥޥߤϡʤȤˤɤƵդʤΤǤ


Ȥǡ䡢ʪؿΥǡߤ뤿̳ʤ
Ȥ˥ΤǤɤ⤤Ĥʷϵ㤤
ǥѤäƤΤǤ衣ˤĤƥӤǤ
븶äμ̿ȷǺܤƤǤϤޤ󤫡
ˤο͡˽Ф뤳Ȥ繥ʤšǤ⡢
ƥۡڡΥǥѤȤȤϡää
ؼ򤷤ΤȻΤޤƴν¦ä˵
ȤäƤ롢ȡ

ǤϡϫƯʤΥȤϤɤʤΤ

ʡʡʤȡĹäźäƬ򲼤Ƥ̿
ǺܤƤޤ

ʤ󤸤㡢㡣

ϡޤޤϫƯʤδνĹä
褦ȤƤʤȤɽǤ礦Ĺäοϫۤ
ޤ


 Ǥϡ¾ξģΥȤˬƤߤޤ礦

̳ʡȥåץڡˤϼ̿ʤؤѲʤƣ椵󡡡
ϡڤǤ⤢ꡢĤä̳᤿Ȥ⤢ޤ
顢ۤ񹳴ϤʤȤȤǤ礦

̳ʡϡij̳äμ̿ФäҲ𤵤Ƥ
ޤޤ򻤤ꤹȤǤ

лʡϡľȯ­Ⱦʼ̿

ʡ⡢־äξʼ̿

Ķʡȥåץڡˤϼ̿ʤ

ģˬޤ̣ʥȤǤʡä
̿Ϥʤ

ͻģ̣ʥȤǤäμ̿Ϥʤ

괱šϡȷγʤФäꡢȡ


ȤȤǡƾģͤܲƩƸ褦Ǥ
ޤͤ񹳤˺ȤȤǤ礦


ϫƯʤĹäΥХȥϡޤޤ³Ȼפä
å򤪴ꤤޤϫƯʤϤ󡢤Ȼפä
å
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ԤΥåۤɥδ̲ߤȤƤϰ̤
뤹Τϴְ㤤ȽҤ٤Ƥޤ

åᡢ¸ΤǤ

Ĥƹ̳ĹäƤơΥå
Ǥǡܤϥѥå󥰡ܤγ̳νˤϲ񤪤Ȥ⤷
ʤäȤͭ̾Ǥ

åۤϡ֥åΤ̾ʪ
ϤԤۤȤиˤȤäƤνߤ
ʤΤǤΤ褦ϰ̤ˤԤɥ뤬̲ߤǤ
³ȻפΤϴְ㤤ȤΤǤ顢ˤϲ΢
ΤǤϡšȹͤʤޤ

ϡȥʡ̳ĹϡĤ⡢ɥ
˽פȽҤ٤ФǤʤΤˡ
ˤȤäƤ⤤å᤬ȥʡ̳Ĺȯ
ꤹ褦ʤȤΤҤäȤơ
⡢ˤ䤫ʥɥ¤ǧ褦ʻˤʤäƤΤǤϤ
򤤤ʤɽȥå礭Ȥ
ǡȤꤢŪˤԤǤԤȯơšʤ
ƤȤƤޤޤ


괺ɤʤȤäƤΤƤߤޤ礦

ʲƤϡ928󥺡ۥץؤǤΥԡ
ȴǤ


Will the U.S. dollar remain the predominant
reserve currency?

֥ɥϡŪʽ̲ߤǤ³Τ

The Bretton Woods currency system gave way in
1973 to floatingrates, with the dollar as the world’s
main reserve currency. For all the questions about
the dollar’s reliability as a reserve currency, its value
strengthened during the crisis as it offered investors
a safe haven.

֥֥ȥ󥦥å̲ϡ1973ǯ˥ɥμפʽ
̲ߤȤư˰ܹԤ̲ߤȤƤΥɥ
˴ؤƤεˤ⹴餺ɥβͤϡͻ
δ֤ˤष徺ȤˤȤäˤʤ

The United States is incredibly fortunate that the
dollar enjoys this special status. When I work with
countries struggling to pay for budgets or finance
trade deficits, I reflect on how Americans do not
spend a moment considering the unique advantages
of being able to issue bonds and print money freely.
The histories of the Napoleonic wars tell of great
campaigns and battles, but the ultimate victory of
Britain and its coalition depended on the dry chapter
about Pitt’s restoration of Britain’s credit.

֥ꥫϡɥΤ̤ϰ̤Τ˿ʤ餤
ʻפ򤷤Ƥ롣ϡֻǰֻΤΥ
ʥ󥹤˶ϫƤ񡹤ȰƯꥫͤ
ĤʾͳȯԤ뤳ȤǤȤͭΩ
ͤ⤷ʤȤȤˡߤߤȻפ餻롣ʥݥ쥪
ˤϰ襤ˤĤʪ뤬ѹȤƱ
κǽŪʾϡԥåȤѹοǤɤˤ
äƤ


The United States would be mistaken to take for
granted the dollar’s place as the world’s predominant
reserve currency. Looking forward, there will
increasingly be other options to the dollar.

λŪʽ̲ߤȤƤΥɥϰ̤뤹뤳
ˤʤСƹϴְäƤ롣ܤСɥ
ΤǽסޤǤ


Given the ECB’s recent performance, there is every
reason to believe that the Euro’s acceptability could
grow. The influence of the Euro will depend in part
upon the competitiveness of European Union
countries in future years, and the depth and liquidity
of its financial markets. Demographics and growth
prospects will also matter. But Euro financing offers a
respectable alternative if the dollar is weak.

ֲԤμӤ餹С桼ס
ȹͤ뤳ȤˤϽʬʹ롣桼αƶ
ϡˤEUκζϤȡơζͻԾ
βοήưˤǤ͸ưĹθ
ޤˤʤ⤷ɥ뤬夯ʤС桼
̳뤳Ȥˤʤ

Moreover, China is moving toward gradual
internationalization of its currency. China is making it
easier for trading partners to do business in Renminbi
– for example, through currency swaps. We are
likely to see this shift in the world of investment as
well: for the first time this month, China issued
sovereign bonds in Renminbi to offshore investors.
China recently announced that foreign companies will
be able to list their stocks in China, a step toward
making Shanghai an international financial center. As
a major importer of commodities, one can imagine
new benchmark indices established at Shanghai or
other Chinese ports, eventually in Renminbi.

֤ˡϡ̲ߤιݲ˸ƽưƤ롣
ϡ㤨С󥷡åפ̤ǰȤο̱
ˤ뾦Ԥ䤹褦ȤƤ롣Ѳϡ
ˤƤ⸫褦ˤʤϽ
ƳȤ˸̱ƤιĤȯԤ
ϡǶᡢδȤγԾ˾줹뤳Ȥǽ
ˤʤȯɽϡ峤ԾŪʶͻԾˤ
ĤΥƥåפʤΤ켡ʤμפ͢Ȥơ峤
¾ιˤơ줬뤳ȤˤʤȤ
롣ơϡǽŪˤϿ̱ƤȤʤ


Chinese leaders will be cautious. Most want to
retain the control that comes from a closed capital
account. Financial and banking markets are likely to
continue to be subject to various tools of intervention
and control. Yet I expect China will be inevitably
drawn outward. Over 10 to 20 years, the Renminbi
will evolve into a force in financial markets.

λƳԤϷٲ¿οͤϡĺŪʻ
ܼݻ˾Ǥ롣ͻԾϡ⡢
ȥоݤǤ³褦˻פ롣ϡ
ԲŪ˳˸虜ʤͽۤ롣
10ǯ20ǯˤϡ̱϶ͻԾΰϤˤʤ
Ǥ

Countries and markets may also experiment with
financings denominated in Special Drawing Rights –or
SDRs— which reflect a portfolio of major currencies.

ι񡹡λԾϡSDRơ¨μ
̲ߤȤ߹碌ȤʤäƤΤǤ뤬SDR
ζͻˤĤƤ¸ǽǤ

Of course, the U.S. dollar is and will remain a major
currency. But the Greenback’s fortunes will depend
heavily on U.S. choices. Will the United States
resolve its debt problems without a resort to
inflation? Can America establish long-term discipline
over spending and its budget deficit? Is the country
restoring a healthy financial sector capacity for
innovation, liquidity, and returns, without producing
the same risk of big bubbles and institutional
breakdown? The dollar’s value will also depend on
the extent to which we see the return of a dynamic,
innovative private sector economy.

֤󡢥ɥ뤬⤽Ǥ뤷줫פ̲ߤǤ
³롣ɥα̿ϡƹˤ뤳Ȥˤʤ
ƹϡեʤ뤳Ȥʤƺ̳褹뤳
ȤˤʤΤƹϡĹŪʺΧΩ뤳Ȥ
ǽʤΤƹϡʶͻȤƤǽϤ
ĤĤΤѳ׿ήưפݤǤΤХ
ٵꡢϡͻƥþ򾷤Ȥʤ
줬ǽʤΤɥβͤϡʥߥådz׿Ū̱
֥ηкѤɤ٤μפ߽Фˤ⤫ä


ǡǤ礦

ƥåۤΥԡºݤɤǤȡ
Ƥ뤳ȤϻͤȿФͤϡˤ
ʤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ϤǤΤΡȸäơʤȤ
äƤޤСϤɥ¤ǧΡȼƤ⼫
ȤΡ

ɥ¤ǧƤޤȡλܤή줬
ꡢƭ뤳ȤǰޤȤ
ϡ֤ϼ뤳ȤϤǤޤ¾
ΤޤޤǤϥꥫγμڶϱסФꡣ
ʤȤˤʤä顢ƹηкĹȤ̼¤¿ʧ
η˱סήƹԤäƤޤȤˡ⡢ꥫ
ˤȤäƤϾȡ

åۤȯοդϡʬޤ󤬡
ˤƤ⡢ȯˤäƻäϥɥ¤ζ̤³ΤǤ
ʤǤ礦


åϡ˥ޤ򤹤ꡢؤμͳʤᤵ
ȤʤΤ⡣


åϡФ긫ƤʡȻפäå
ꤤޤ
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ޥˡԶѹդפꤷƽ񤤤Ǻܤ
Ȼפޤ

ΡкѳؼԤϡ꤬оֻθȹͤ뤫

ơ䤬ιͤȿФͳ


ͻߥåȤŤ졢кѤԶѹɬ

 

кѤԶѹդȤȤϡ⤦ʬ䤹С
ǰפ
ԶѹդȤȤǤĤޤꡢꥫǰֻǡ
ܡ
Ĥǰ׹ȤѤ夷Ƥ롢ȡ

 

ǡǰ׹ǯ³ȤȤϡ͢ФDzԤߤ
ޤ
ǡդǰֻǯ³ȤȤϡ͢
ʧΤ˼
⤬礹ȤȤˤʤޤ

 

ˤʤäֻˤʤä򷫤֤ΤǤС̤ˤɤ
Ȥ
ȤʤΤǤ礦äֻ³ڶ⤬礹
λѤ
ɡïͤƤʱ³ȤϤʤȻפ
ϡĿͤï
ڶ򤹤ˤƱǤڶ
γۤǯߤƹŪ
ϰϤ˼ޤäƤ䡢
⻺ǤͭƤˤϡ
ߤ⿴ۤϤʤ
Ǥ礦Ǥʤˤϡٰʾ
ڶˤʤȡ
ֺ̤ѤǽʤΤȿۤˤʤ櫓Ǥ

 

ȹδ֤ˤƤ⡢ڶϤۤɤۤɤˤȤȤǡФ
Х
ꥫιŪʷо٤ֻˤƤ櫓
Ǥ

 

ơԶѹդϤ뤳ȤƤ
Ǥ
ˡϤȸСȾȤʤѤäƤ
ޤ󡣤ϡ
ܤʤɤηоϡߤ
ᡢơꥫʤ
ηоֻϡ
ȡ

 

ǡͤˡܤϤ褦
鿬á졢ˤʤäƤ褦ʸ
ХХԤä
ȤаޤΤǤȤ
ɤȤȤޤ
ϡץ饹ꥫ
ä櫓Ǥ

 

Ǥϡꥫ᤿饢ꥫηоֻϽ
Ƥޤܤ顢ܤ
оϽ̾
Τ

 

кѳؼԤ¿ϡ줬ΤȤȸޤϡ
ιͤ
ϡְäƤȻפΤǤؼԤϤΤ
Ǥϡɤ
ơ˹ͤΤ

 

 

Ϥ˹ͤ뤫Ǥ

 

GDPCIܡXM)ȡ̱֤ˤƹ
Ƥޤ

 

CϾǡIX͢ФǡM͢Ǥ

 

GDPϡ֤˰줿Τ̤Ǥ顢
ʪϡ⤷͢ȤС񤵤뤫
˲󤵤뤫
͢Ф뤳Ȥˤʤȡ

 

ǡμϡΤ褦ѷ뤳ȤǽǤ

 

GDPCIXM

 

դXMϡ͢Ф͢򺹤ΤǤΤǡ
ǰ׼٤
ȤˤʤޤXM礭ǰ׹
ˤʤꡢ
ǰֻˤʤȤȤǤ

 

ǤϡꥫϤɤʤäƤ뤫ȤСǰֻǤ
ǡX
M꾮ȡXMϥޥʥˤʤꡢäƺ
դGDPCI
ޥʥˤʤޤơꥫϤ
ޥʥ̾
ȹͤƤ롢ȡä顢CIĤ
򾮤С
ΤȤʤޥʥ
ʤȤΤǤ

 

ǡǤ礦

 

¿οͤϡ֤ʤۤɡäΤפȻפäΤޤ

 

Ȥ꤬ޤ

 

ϡGDPǤФȤ郎դƤ
Ȥ
GDPǤС򸺤餻и餹
ۤɡGDPCIϡ
ޥʥʤ뤫ϡץ
ͤ礭ʤǤ礦

 

⤷饢ꥫͤ򸺤餷Ƥ⡢θ餹
ݤ
ꥫʤǤäɤǤ礦C̾ʬ
GDPƱ
̾ޥʥϾʤʤΤǤ
ޤꡢǰֻϾ
ʤʤ

 

Ǥϡɤ饢ꥫǰֻϾ뤳ȤǤ

 

ʤȴñǤϡʤιۤ򸺤餹
ȡĤ
ꡢդM򾮤ФäǤ

 

ޤΤ褦ˤȤǤޤꥫϾ򸺤餵
GDP䤹ȤǤСGDPCIͤץ
ž뤳
ǤޤǤϡɤץ饹ˤǤ뤫
ϱդX
ȤǤĤޤꡢ͢Ф䤻ȡ
ϡɤ͢Ф
Τ

 

ϡꥫ¤ȤιݶϤ夵뤳ȤǤ
ˤϡɥ¤ΩĤȤȤʤΤǤ

 

 

 

ʾ


 

ειͤʬäȤå򤪴
ޤ
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Źä᤬סܤ򤵤Ƥޤ

ο̾͡餱Ȥ̾㤤Ǥ͡Ť
ʤƤȤǤʤ֤οͤϡ楦륵ȻפäƤ褦
Ǥ

ˤϤεΥǥٻͤ㴳
ä褦ǤΤǡʿ᤬ɤΤ褦ˤ
뤫򡢹ͤƤߤȻפޤ

褺ΡٻͤΤ

ϡʹ֤ˤϹ뤫Ǥơ
¿ͳȤƤϡ̱ζԤФޥʥ᡼ƶ
ƤΤޤäˡʤɤ򤷤Ƥơ
ꤿȻפäƤ͡ơˤڤƤ͡
͡Τʤˤϡ⿴ϺȻפäƤͤȻפ
Ǥ

Τ

äơԤʤɤȤΡ򤷤ƤƤʤʤ
ߤƤʤΤǤǤ򤷤Ƥơơ䤬Ĵ
˹ԤäƤơμ¤ôݤäơݾڿͤ⤽ʤȤ
ߤޤ

Ǥ⡢ڤꤿȻפäƤ͡Ⱦϡμ¤ô
ʤƤʤ櫓Ǥšդˡ䤬ƻ˾äƤ٤
äƤ뤳Ȥʬ褦ˤʤȡԤ­
ǤơԤȤʤޤ󤫡פʤɤȸäƤ
櫓ǤϤޤ꤬ⷫĤʤäƤɲͻ
ȡɲäôݤɬפǤפʤƸ櫓Ǥ

ȤǡٴȤηбļԤʤ󤫤ˤϡԤФ
äƤͤʤȡ顢͡ˤ
äƤϡ椵ǤïǤ⤤顢1Ԥ˥ĥȸä
äƤ衢ȻפǤ


Ȥäơ˵ä¸
ΤǤ礦

椵ϡ⹯ϻΡ֤פȤΤΤޤ
ʹȤǤ硩

ϡФơʤ󤸤ʤƲΤΤ衢
٤ܤäƤޤšơϡֲΤäƤĤ
ʤǤɡšפ̯äΤФƤޤפ
˥Ǥ⡢ο͡ǤΤˤ⹴餺ƿ
DzΤʲΤǤ⤭äȿ;ʤ뤳ȤǤȤ
ȤǽΤäƤΤǤ礦Τ

˴ؤƤϡȤʤɤ¿Ƚ
ӤƤޤǤ顢餯ϡʬͻǤ
ȻפƤ뤳ȤΤƤϤǤ
˹롣

Τ

ϡ̱ޤΤ褦ޤȴƤ
ϡŪʤȤǤФʤפͤʤǤ
¿ο͡λٻʤƤ⡢ؤλٻ
ΤǤСΩĤȤȡ

ηкѸȽƤޤϥμ
Ƚ뵵Ǥ顣ϡԤ򶯼Ԥˡ
澮ٴȤԤˤʤ館Ƽ夤Ԥ̣򤹤Ȥ
ˡʤΤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ȤϡäȽޤ

澮ٴȤΤȸʤȤˤʤä顢Ԥ
äȤߤʤʤäƤޤ

ε¶٤äȻƤޤ󥰥ץ
İȤͳǡκ¶˰
夲ȤɤȤˤʤΤ

㤨Сޤ1Ư700ߤ館ʤä¶⤬
1000ߤΤ

1000ߤ館ȤΤϡ³Ư줬ݤǤ
ͤäǤ¶⤬1000ߤ˾夬뤳Ȥˤ
ơѤäƿͤۤʤʤäƤޤǽΤǡʤ
ȼȼԤäʤΤǤ

ä澮ٴȤΤˤȻפäȯƤ⡢
ˤäƵѤäƶԤߤФ褦ˤʤС
̣⤢ޤ

ˡŤ˹ͤȡ꤬Ƭ⤫Ӥޤ

3ǯָʧͱͽȤȤˡΧǵ̳
ޤСŪˤ꤬ɤʾˤȡôݸ
Ԥ뤳ȤǤʤʤäƤޤޤ޳Ƥʪ
郎äƤ⡢ϹԻȤǤʤȡ

ϡĸԤθ礭ΤǤꡢˡ29
˰ȿ붲줬ΤǤϤʤȡ

ˡʧͱͽ֤ʤɡԤϤǤ˥
Ǽ»ܤƤΤǤ⡢椵˸ʤ
⡣ΤȤСɤʤ˼ڤȤ餪֤Ƥ餤
Ƥ⡢Ȥˤ⤬ʤСɤ褦ʤ
顢ʧͱͽǧ뤳Ȥ⤢СҤ
뤳Ȥ⤢뤷ơˤäƤϸܤäƸȤ뤳
Ȥ⤢롢ȡ

ޤʤȤС¦ϡʤȤǧ
ΤϡȤФƤǤϤʤȿ뤳Ȥͽ
ޤΤˤ⤷ޤ

Ǥ⡢ɴäơ澮ٴȤΤȤ
ǤСʤ顢¦ô򲡤դΤǤϤʤ
澮ٴȤФֺʬΰ
ꤹΤڤʤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ǡΤ褦˹澮ٴȤߺѤȤȤˤʤ
СɡϹ̱⸻ôȤȤˤ
ΤǡïǼϤʤǤ礦ʤȤ򤷤顢
ϥɤ⤤ȤǤ

ȤǡԤθĤ櫓ǤϤʤΤǤ
ϡɤͤƤٻ뤳ȤǤޤ

Ǥäϡͻģλ̳Фơ᤯ˡƤ
ȸǤ礦

ɤΤǤ礦ͻģ

ʤȤǤʤˡƤ뤳ȤǽʤΤǤ礦
ˡɤ̤ʤǤ礦طģȿФǤ

Ǥ⡢̳ϡʤ̿˽虜ʤ

Ȥʤȡؤɲΰ̣ʤˡƤäƤȤ

㤨СֶԤϡͻ澮ٴȤ顢бľͳ
ǼֺѤͱͽ줿ˤϡͱͽǧ
ιŪʴͽͻ˺ݤơʤФ
ʤפʤơ
ˡΧʤ顢¼Ū˲ε̳Ԥ˲ݤ
ȤˤϤʤޤ

ñˡˤϡԤȤֺͱͽǧޤ衢
ΤˤΤȤǤ

ʷˡΧäơäδΩƤȤ
ȤˤʤΤǤ礦

ϤޤäμõФơĤ
뤳Ȥˤäù뤳ȤˤΤǤ礦

椵󤬡ԤˤϤɤǤ⤪⤬ȹͤƤ
ϡޤȻƤ褦ʵޤ

 

äϡʬϡͤ³ȻפȤå
ꤤޤ
↓↓↓
͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

GDPܤGDPɤۤʤȤϡ
¸ΤǤ͡

ΤȤˤʤʤ͡ˤȤäƤϡäʤ
⤷ޤ󡣤Ǥ⡢͡⡢Ͽ͸ܤ10
ܤ⤤뤳ȤšȤפοϤø
šȡ

ϡ͡˥åä

ֺǯGDPܤȴΡ

ʤȤǤϤޤ󡣱󤫤餺GDPܤ2
ˤʤǽΤǤ

ζͻߥåȤν̿ˤʤޤ

ιȼʤϡȥХΤ٤ΰ֤򥭡
פƤޤ͡Фȷüäǡ
ȥꥢμ٤ˤޤ

֤ʤȤꡢɤGDP2ܤˡ

ϡꥫкѤԶѹդ٤ȸ
Ƥ뤫Ǥ

ԶѹդȡɤGDPܤܤˤʤ
Ρ

ϡץ饶դȤΤ¸ΤǤ

24ǯ1985ǯ922˥塼衼Υץ饶ۥ
ʹ5ơѡȡʩˤ¢ä
ۤޤꡢɥˤĤƹդΤǤ

Ūˤϡ̲ߤΥɥФƳƹ̲ߤ1012
ڤ夲褦ƹϳٻԾǶĴ򤪤ʤȤ
դΤǤ

Τʹդ򤷤ȤСɥ¤ˤäƹ͢
Ϥᡢǰֻ򸺤餷äǤĤޤꡢ
ʤ˰ԶѹפɬǧƤ
Ǥ

ǤϡʹԶѹդ줿Τ

ʤȤϤޤ󡣤Ȥ⡢ߤϡԶѹդ
礷ƤΤǤơμͳϡƹ
͢ĶǤ

Ȥǡ⤷ƹλȳοʹ֤Ȥ顢
ɤʤȤ׵ᤷޤ

ֿ̱¤ȡʸ͡

ȤǤ͡Ĥܤϡꥫ߰¤Ϥ
ʸƤ夬ޤơƹ
ܤ򤷤ƤΤϿ̱졼ȤȤʤΤǤš̱졼
ǶɤΤ褦ʿˤ뤫¸ΤǤ礦

ֳΤ4ǯ̱ۤ졼Ȥϴˤ䤫˾徺Ƥ
Τ͡

ϡ1ǯۤޤǤäʤΤǤǯβưʹߤϡ̱
졼Ȥϡ경줿Τ褦ˤä1ɥ6.8ǿ
ܤƤ櫓Ǥ

֤顢ʸ͡

ȤǤǡG20ǡкѤԶѹդ
롢ȸäȤ櫓Ǥ

Ǥϡɤ뤫

⤦ĤȻפΤǤ̱⤦ڤ
夲ȡޤǰʾƹ׵᤹ȤȤˡ
⡢кѤФС̱Υ졼Ȥڤ夲ǧ
ʤˤʤäƤƤΤǤϤʤȤȤ

ץ饶դľˤϡߤϡ1ɥ=240٤οˤ
äΤǤ줬2ǯ٤Ф120ߤۤɤˤʤޤ
ΤȤͽۤʤС̱졼Ȥ⺣2-3ǯ֤ۤ
Ǻβͤ2ܤˤʤ뤳Ȥ⤢ȤȤǤơ
̱졼Ȥ2ܤβͤˤʤȤȤϡɥɾ
GDP2ܤˤʤȤȤǡGDPܤ2ܤˤʤ
ȤȤʤΤǤ


äѤɥ¤ʤΤȻפäå򤪴ꤤޤ
↓↓↓
͵blog󥭥


̱졼Ȥ夬С⤦¤㤨ʤʤ
⡢ȤȤǤ͡

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

Ϥ˼Ǥ

ζͻߥåȤˤĤơɤפޤԥå
Сdz줿G20ζͻߥåȤǤ

䡢ɤǼޤ󡣲Τäơ
ֳƹǾϡͻкѴ򾷤кѤԶѹ
˸ƹɾȤߤߤ뤳ȤǤ
աפʤƤȤƻƤ뤫Ǥ

ǤΥ꡼ϡкѤԶѹդ
ͻƱԶ򾷤ʤơäƤ櫓Ǥ
Ȼפޤ󤫡

кѤԶѹդȤϡƹϡŪ˷о٤
ֻȤʤäƤǡܡɥĤʤɤϹŪ˷
٤ȤʤäƤȤ¤ΤȤǤι
ΩäƤΤ϶ǯΤȤǤкѤԶ
ϡ⤦ǯ³ƤʤΤǤ

줬ͻθʤơɤͤƤ⤪ͻ
򵯤ΤϡƤζͻؤإåեɤ굡
᤮ǤäơкѤԶѹդľ
δطϤʤΤǤкѤԶѹդϡ
ǡܤʤɤƹؤ͢Ф˲٤˰¸к
¤ˤʤäƤ뤳Ȥ̣ƤΤǡ⤷Ǥʤ
СܷкѤϺǯʹߤ͢Фε޸ˤ˼뤳
ȤʤäȸȤϤǤޤ

ˡܤƹǰ״طǤʤֻǤ
ʤ褦ʾ֤ˤäȤƤ⡢ƹηʵʤС
ܤ͢⸺櫓ʤΤǤĤޤꡢˡܤ
Ф͢Ķξ֤ˤʤäƤʤƤ⡢Τ褦ʶͻ
С͢Фϵ޸ܤ˼Ǥ
ȤȤǤ

ȤСζͻƱԶкѤ
ѹȤϢդ뤳ȤԼʤΤǤ

ǤϡкѤԶѹϲ褷ʤƤ⤤Τ

ʤȤϤޤ󡣤Ϥǽ˲褷Ƥ
ɬפǤꡢޤƹνХ֥뤬ƤޤǤϡG7
ˤƤ⤽ǧǤƤǤ

Ǥ⡢ɡкѤԶѹϡƹλǤˤ
줿ޤޤˤʤäƤΤǤΤ

ƹˤȤäƤ⡢ܤɥĤʤɤˤȤäƤԹ礬
褫äǤǰԶѹդȤȤϡŪ
ƹؤ͢а¸٤ȤȤȤˤʤꡢܤ
Ĥ͢дȤˤȤäƤͭ񤯤ʤäǤäǤ
ƹˤƤ⡢Τ˷о٤ֻ礹뤳Ȥϴ
ޤ٤ȤǤϤʤä櫓ǤǤⳤƹ
ܤήƹкѤĴĹ³뤳ȤǤ
ǤСήӤɬפϤʤȹͤ
ȤȤǤ

ˡ⤽⸽ߤԶѹդϡï鶯줿
̤ǤϤʤк̱Υ롼˽ä̤ʤΤǤĤ
ꡢƹξԤܤʤ㤤Ȼפ顢
ƹηо٤ֻˤʤääǤޤ
ڶˤʤäƹФܤϡڶȤ
äѤƹηкȹͤ顢
Ǥƹ򤷤η̤ʤΤǤ

⤷ܤ񤬡ƹФ뿮ǧ٤ȤȤ
顢ƹؤλܤήϤäȾʤʤäƤϤǤ
ơʤСΤȤʤɥ¤ʤߡη̡
ƹ¤ȤϡۤɤϹݶϤ뤳ȤϤʤ
̤ȤƷо٤ֻ⺣⾮ϤǺѤϤȻ
ΤǤ


ǤϡΡкѤԶѹФ

ϡꥫϤ˲줿̤ʤΤǤ
ꥫкѤäƤΤϡĤˤϡλή
뤫Ǥо٥١ǡǯ8000ɥۤ
ֻ׾夷褦ȤʺǶϸ̣Ǥˡ䤦
ܤήΤǡкѤäƤΤǤ⤷γ
λܤή줬ڤäƤޤȡɤ˶徺
ƤޤкѤǷͿ뤳ȤǤ礦

ơΤΤȤꡢƹФ̤λͿƤ
ΤǤܤǤΤǤ

ƹϡܤͭƹĤʧʤƤȤϤʤ
ȹäƤޤϡƤˤϸǤط뤫
ǤȤ⡢ܤˤƷαƤǤϤޤ
ܤꥫε˾褦ʤȤ򤹤ٶϤʤ
פäƤΤǤ礦

¾ϤɤǤ礦͸13ͤ񡣰Ⱥۤ
񡣿͸ºŤʤ񡣷񡣤˵®
˷кĹ뤲Ƥ񡣤񤬡̤ƹĤ
ͭƤޤĤޤꡢƹϡ񤫤ڶ򤷤Ƥȡ

ǡ񤬡ʤȤ򤳤Ȥ뤴Ȥ˸ΤǤ
ĤȯԤ³ƥեˤʤ褦ʤȤϤʤʡȤ
ɥ뤬˽褦ʤȤϤʤʡȤܤΤ褦
θȤ򤤤ĤʹȤϸ¤ޤ󡣤⤷餫ͳ
ƹĤ̤ʧ褦ʤȤˤʤСš
ƹϴƤΤǤ礦

ޤǥʥСȻפäƤΤˡĤδ֤ˤ
ߤˤڤ褦ΩˤʤäƤޤäȡ
ϲȤʤƤϡšȡ

餳Ǥⳤڶ򤹤뤳ȤʤƺѤ褦
ˡкѤԶѹʤƤΤǤϡ
ؤᡢƹʤä㤦褦ˤȡ

ǡкѤԶѹդȤʤСΤȤʤ
顢줫ˤ䤫˥ɥ¤ʤळȤǧȤȤ
ʤޤ޷ʥɥ¤ϡܤƨ򾷤ޤ
ˤ䤫ʥɥ¤ʤ鴿ޤȡʥꥪƹ
ƬˤǤĤĤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ơʷϵܤˤäƤƤФ

ΤȤʬǤ

ܤϡ夷ޤơ̳äˤƣ椵
Ǥޤ͡ơƣäϡ̲߸
ŷĹդǤϤޤ󤫡

䡢ǽϡǺŤȻפޤ

Τ礦Ƥ󤵤ȤͤǤݶͻɤοĴ
򤷤ƤȤȤƻŤȤޤ꡼Ƚ
ʤȤΤǤ֤Ǥ̲ߥޥեȤ̾
ƤΤǤ礦

ޤǤǺ

ϡƣäĤƤΥץ饶դΤ褦ʤȤᤤ
˵뤫⤷ʤȴ餳οͤƤΤ
ϤʤȤȤǤ

Ȥʤࡼɤ夬ĤĤꡢƥɥϡ
90ߤꡢ89ƤΤȻפޤ


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ޤξ

̾ɤǸƲΤǤ

Ahmadinejad

֥եޥǥͥɡ

ϥǤǤ⡢Ǥ

֤ɤȤʡ

ܹǤ򡣤Ǥ

Ǥϡ֥եޡǥͥ㡡סߤȯޤ

ͤ̾ʤΤ˴ְä餤ޤ͡

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

̵̤ͽõˡäϤˬ䤷Ƥޤ

̵̤κ︺礤˷빽

ǡƣ̳ä̵̤ȼĥƤΤ
δģǤĤޤꡢεؤηʪηߤݻ佤
ͽǤޤ衢͡㤨СιƱģˤ
ɼˤηˤͽǤ

ΤˡͽǤͽդ뤳ȤϡڤȤƤϤ
Τޤ󡣲Τʤ顢ͽϡͽ̻
б뤿ͽǤ뤫Ǥηʪΰݻ佤ʤ
ǽ餫齽ʬײ褬ΩƤϤǡͽΥޤʤ
ȤäơģФΤϲ󡢤ȸ
ФޤǤǤ

Τ顢ؤ並浡ؤηʪΰݻ佤ˤϤʤ
ʤͽĤʤäΤǤ͡

̺Ҥθ⡢ѿʬǤʤߤѿ
ͽؤǧʤäȤϡطԤʤΤäƤ

ͽϤĤ󤷤ˤ졢ʵкΤͽ
Ȥ褦ʤȤˤǧƤ館ʤäΤǤ

Ǥ顢鴱ģȤäƤ⡢ƥӤǾҲ𤵤줿褦
ʪΰݻ佤ιʤɤ򸫤ȡʤΤߤᤵƤ
ΤǤȡĤʤäƤޤΤǤ

򤬤ʤ褦˸äƤޤκ︺礤˷빽
ʥ๩ߤ٤

ñ˴ģ鳧ȤΤǡʤΤ
ΤǤ礦

䡢ƣ椵Ȥ򡢤̣ºɤƤΤǤ

ƿɬȽǤ褦ˤʤȡʤʤ
ڤʤΤǤ͡ʤȡ⸻DZФǤʤʤ붲
ФƤޤ

ˡҤɤκ⸻ݤǤΤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ƣäϡҤɤϡ˹餺ٵ뤹
ȤäƤޤҤɤƶ餹뤳ȤϹؤ
顢ȡ

ʤȼΤ褦ʵ䤬⤫Ӥޤ

Ҥɤƶ餹뤳ȤλŻȤΤǤС
ˡΨ礭徺ơܤο͸Ƥä
⡢äȹϻҤɤФ³Τ

ƣäιͤ餹СҤɤϤäȽФ³
ȤȤˤʤꤽʤΤǤ
̱ϡҤɤο¿ʤ
᤮褦ʾǡ񤬻Ҥɤٵ뤹뤳Ȥٻ
ȤϤȤƤפʤǤ͡

äѤꡢҤɤ˽¤ߤʤȤΤϡñ
줬Ū˺ǡˤʤꤿʤ
ΤȤǤϤʤǤ礦

ȤޥߤϱԤפƤ餤Ȼפޤ


ҤɤϤɤʤΤȻפäå򤪴ꤤ
ޤ
↓↓↓
͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

Сޤ

Ȥγ͡٤ߴ̳ΤͻҤǡ̱Ȥ
ͭ񤯻פޤ

ǡȤǤΤΤ褦ȷ
˥塼衼DZԤäƤޤǤȲкˤĤ
ƤǤ

ޥߤʤɤϡȤȷαѸϤ˶̣ä
ͤǤ

ȷαѸƸƤߤޤ礦

Based on the discussion in the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), I believe that the
developed countriesneed to take the lead in
emissions reduction efforts. It is my view that Japan
should positively commit itself to setting a long-term
reduction target. For its mid-term goal, Japan will
aim to reduce its emissions by 25% by 2020, if
compared to the 1990 level, consistent with what the
science calls for in order to halt global warming.

IPCCˤƧޤʹϡΨ褷ӽк︺
ؤɬפȹͤƤޤ郎Ĺκ︺ɸ
뤳ȤѶŪ˥ߥåȤƤ٤ǤȹͤƤޤ
ޤɸˤĤƤ⡢Ȳߤ뤿˲ʳؤ
˴ŤΤȤơ1990ǯǸ2020ǯޤǤ
25︺ᤶޤ

This is a public pledge that we made in our election
manifesto. I am resolved to exercise the political will
required to deliver on this promise by mobilizing all
available policy tools. These will include the
introduction of a domestic emission trading
mechanism and a feed-in tariff for renewable energy,
as well as the consideration of a global warming tax.

֤ϡ桹Υޥ˥եȤ˷ǤǤ
ꡢΰջפȤơӽ̼٤䡢ǽ
륮θ٤Ƴϵ岹ȲкǤθƤ
ϤȤơưƼ¸ᤶƤ
դǤ


However, Japan's efforts alone cannot halt climate
change, even if it sets an ambitious reduction target.
It is imperative to establish a fair and effective
international framework in which all major
economies participate. The commitment of Japan
to the world is premised on agreement on ambitious
targets by all the major economies.

֤ʤ顢󡢲椬Τߤ⤤︺ɸǤ
⡢ưߤ뤳ȤϤǤޤΤ٤Ƥμ׹
ˤ롢ʿļ¸ΤȤߤιۤԲķ
٤Ƥμ׹λäˤŪɸιդ椬
ιݼҲؤ«ΡפȤʤޤ

 

ʸǸ¤Ǥϡͽۤ줿褦ƤˤʤäƤꡢä
ܿȤϤޤ͡ؿϤäѤꡢѸϤ
ԤäƤޤޤ

ȷϡϤΤѸǡԡԤȤǤ
Τ

ϡޤޤȤȤǤ礦

Ȥͤ˽ФƤǡ֤ȯϤȤƤơʹ
ʤäñϤʤäȤΤǡˤƤ⡢
ޤ򤷤ƤǤ礦

ǤʤäƤȤݤޤ͡


ȤǡȷαѸΥԡᤰäơͥåȾ
ǤϡȷαѸ줬򤵤ƤΤǤϤʤȤλŦ
ʤƤޤ

ɤǤ⤤褦ʻŦʤΤǤ𤬤褯ʬʤ͡
ϡҤäȤƸ򤹤뤫⤷ʤȻפ⤷Ƥ

˰ѤǸʸϤϡΤ褦ˤʤäƤޤ

The commitment of Japan to the world is premised
on agreement on ambitious targets by all the major
economies.

ΤΡis premised Ρpremised p ȯʹ
remised ʹΤᡢܤ̵25κ
򤷤ȼߤ줿ΤǤϤʤȡ

Τˡpremised remised ʹỌ̇̄ϰäƤ
Ǥ礦

premise ϡȤȤ̣Ǥꡢremise ϡ
Ȥ褦ʰ̣ˤʤޤ

Ǥ⡢λŦɤͤƤ⤪

ΤʤС⤷remised ʹȤСܤ
Ф롢Ȥ褦ʰ̣ˤʤäƤޤ
ǤѸͤϡʸϤϰ̣ʤʤȻפ
ǤĤޤꡢremised ʹȤСϡʹ
㤨ȯְ㤨ΤȻפǤ礦

ˡ⤽ⲿʹƤ⡢pʹprimised
ʹ뤫Ǥ

ͥåȤˤϡñ˿Ƥޤͤ¿
뤳ȤäǤϡ򤷤ʤDz


ơɤǤ⤤äϤ̤ˤơХΤϡȸ
äƤ뤫ȤСвäƤޤ

Ǥ⡢Ǥϼ䤷ΤǡȲк˴ؤʬ
Ҳ𤷤ޤ礦


Third, we must recognize that in the 21st century,
there will be no peace unless we take responsibility
for the preservation of our planet.  And I thank the
Secretary General for hosting the subject of climate
change yesterday.

軰ˡ21ˤƤϡ桹ϵ뤳Ȥʤ
ʿ¤ϤʤȤȤ桹򤷤ʤФʤ
ơϡưˤĤƲĤ򾷽
̳Ĺ˴դ

The danger posed by climate change cannot be
denied.  Our responsibility to meet it must not be
deferred.  If we continue down our current course,
every member of this Assembly will see irreversible
changes within their borders.  Our efforts to end
conflicts will be eclipsed by wars over refugees and 
resources.  Development will be devastated by
drought and famine.  Land that human beings have
lived on for millennia will disappear.  Future
generations will look back and wonder why we
refused to act; why we failed to pass on -- why we
failed to pass on an environment that was worthy of
our inheritance.

ֵư⤿餹ϡꤹ뤳ȤǤʤ桹
̳ԤФ٤ǤϤʤ⤷桹Τޤ
ʤ³СιϢ˻äƤιϡ񶭤
¦ˤƤ֤ĤʤѲܷ⤹뤳Ȥˤʤ
ʶ򽪤餻褦Ȥ桹Ϥϡ̱񸻤
ˤä˸ǤȯŸϡФĤ䵲ˤä
ǷǤǯδֿ͡³ƤΦ
ϤϾüǤ̤ο͡ϲ򿶤֤ꡢβ桹
ư뤳ȤΤȹͤǤβ桹ϡ
³ͤΤĶ˰ѤȤǤʤä
ȡ

 

And that is why the days when America dragged its
feet on this issue are over.  We will move forward
with investments to transform our energy economy,
while providing incentives to make clean energy the
profitable kind of energy.  We will press ahead with
deep cuts in emissions to reach the goals that we set
for 2020, and eventually 2050.  We will continue
to promote renewable energy and efficiency, and
share new technologies with countries around the
world.  And we will seize every opportunity for
progress to address this threat in a cooperative effort
with the entire world.

֤ơ줳ꥫϤϤ
äȤͳʤΤ桹ϡ꡼󥨥ͥ륮
ι礦ͥ륮ˤʤ뤿˥󥻥ƥ֤ͿĤġ
桹Υͥ륮кѤž뤿򤷤Ƥ桹
ϡ2020ǯɸͤã뤳ȤǤ褦ʡơ
Ūˤ2050ǯɸã뤳ȤǤ褦ʡ
ӽк︺ʤ롣桹ϡǽͥ륮¥ʤȸ
Ψ³Ѥι񡹤ȶͭ롣ơƤ
ᤨβȲζҤȤȤ˶ĴƼ
Ǥ

 And those wealthy nations that did so much
damage to the environment in the 20th century must
accept our obligation to lead.  But responsibility does
not end there.  While we must acknowledge the need
for differentiated responses, any effort to curb carbon
emissions must include the fast-growing carbon
emitters who can do more to reduce their air
pollution without inhibiting growth.  And any effort
that fails to help the poorest nations both adapt to
the problems that climate change have already
wrought and help them travel a path of clean
development simply will not work.

20ˤƴĶФ¿Υ᡼Ϳ˭
񡹤ϡ꡼ɤ̳ʤФʤʤ
ǤϤǤϤʤ桹ϡ줾бκۤ
ǧʤФʤúǤӽк︺Ϥ
ϡĹ˳뤳Ȥʤӽк︺Τ¿ΤȤԤ
ȤǽǤӽйǤޤ٤Ǥ롣
ưˤ⤿餷Ƥ֤˺ϹŬ礹뤳Ȥ
뤳Ȥ䡢꡼ʷкȯŸƻळȤ뤳
ϼԤƤꡢǽ뤳ȤϤʤΤ

It's hard to change something as fundamental as
how we use energy.  I know that.  It's even harder
to do so in the midst of a global recession.  Certainly,
it will be tempting to sit back and wait for others to
move first.  But we cannot make this journey unless
we all move forward together.  As we head into
Copenhagen, let us resolve to focus on what each of
us can do for the sake of our common future.

ֲ桹ͥ륮Ѥ褦ʡŪʤȤѲ
뤳Ȥ񤷤ΤȤʬäƤ롣Ȥ
ʵ˴٤äƤȤ˹ԤΤϤʤ񤷤Τˡ
Ȥơ¾ưФΤԤʤ롣桹
ȤưͤСιϻϤޤʤ桹ϡڥϡ
˸äƤΤǡ桹줾줬Τ˲
뤫ˤĤƾƤ뤳Ȥդ褦


ХΤϡϵ岹ȲкѶŪ˼ȤळȤ
򤱤ʤȤϤäǧƤޤΰ
ǡǤϡꥫ򤹤뤫ˤĤƤϡŪʤȤϲ
ޤ

2020ǯɸãǤ褦ˤ뤿ӽ
︺ԤȸΤߤǤơΤˤϡ̾ؤ
뤳ȤϤʤǤ⡢λäȸäƤ
Ǥ

ǤϡϡȸäƤΤǤ礦

China would: plant millions of acres of forest,
enough to cover an area the size of Norway; boost
renewable energy sources to supply 15 percent of
China's consumption within a decade; and cut
emissions by "a notable margin" from 2005 levels, as
measured against China's GDP, by the year 2020.

ϡΥ륦ѤɤŨۤɤβɴ
Ӥ˿뤳Ȥˤʤǽͥ륮γȯ
¥ʤ10ǯְΥͥ륮̤15Ť
褦ˤʤơ2020ǯޤǤˡGDPǸ
ơӽ̤︺뤳Ȥˤʤ

China would not sacrifice economic growth by
agreeing to binding international targets.

ϡ«ϤΤŪɸͤ˹դ뤳Ȥˤä
кĹˤ뤳ȤϤʤ

 We should and can only advance our efforts to tackle
climate change in the course of development and
meet this challenge through common development.
It is imperative to give fullconsideration to the
development stage and basic needs of developing
countries while we address climate change.

ֲ桹ϡεưȤФƤϡкȯŸ
б٤ޤб뤳ȤǤ˲᤮ʤ
ưΩĤĤкѤȯŸʳȷкȯŸ
ɬ˺¤ιθʧȤɬԲķǤ


ȯˤϼ㴳Ѳߤޤϡ
a notable margin ȤɽѤƤ뤫Ǥ
ϳʹȤ򸫤ΤǤ礦顡
a notable margin κ︺ԤȸäƤ⡢ϡޤ
GDPǸơȤΤǤĤޤꡢкѤ8
Ĺ³С4󤺤úǤӽ̤
⡢︺ȼĥ櫓Ǥ

ǡꥫܡϲǼΤǤ礦

äѤꡢϤޤޤĹޤơƤ
֤˱סȲαƶ߲뵤ޤ



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פå򤪴ꤤޤ
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椵͹ͻôäˤơƣ椵̳
äˤĤͻȸΤϡŬäΤǤ礦

¿οͤϡ椵ζͻôˤϵäƤ褦
ä˶ͻȳɾѤ㤤

Ǥϡƣ椵κ̳ýǤˤĤƤϡɤʤΤ

ƣäϡʤȤäƤޤ

ֻҤɤ˭ʲȤϤȤϲδط

äѤڤޤ

Ǥ⡢򤤤Τϡ̱ޤΡ⾯ҲôäޤǷ
Ƥʡ᤬¤򤹤٤ǤϤʤȸäƤȤ
ȤǤ

ʤΤˡΡƣä϶ˤҤɤ⸻ۤ
ĥΤ

ƣäϡʤȤޤǸޤ

ֳǤϻҤɤĢäƤ롣ʻӤϡ¤롣Ƥ
˻ȤäƤϤʤ

ƣäƬˤϡɤΤ褦ʹۤΤǤ礦

㤨С桹ҶΤ˻Ϥޤäʽ̵ۤϡ
ƤλƸоݤǤλҤ⡢˳λҤˤ̵
ǶʽۤޤĤޤꡢ¤Ϥʤä櫓
Ǥ⡢ϡ̵ǶʽۤƸȤǤʤ
Ƹ饹ΤˤʤäƤޤȤ򶲤줿
ϤʤǤ礦

ֻҤɤĢפʤɤȤȡƹĢϢۤƤޤ
ޤˡƤ˻ȤäƤʤʤƤäƤ⡢
˿ܤϤĤƤʤ櫓Ǥ顢ʤȤäƤְ̣
ʤ󡪡ס

ϡƣäϡҶΰϴŪ˹Ǥ
ΤȹͤƤΤǤ礦㤨Сιͤ
褦ʡ

ˤȤƤ⡢̱ޤ¿εİΤʤˤ
ǧƤΤǤ礦Ϥϻפޤ
󡣤ˡ̱ϤʤȤʤͤƤʤΤǤ顣

ä򤹤СʳΤˡҤɤˤϾҲкȤ
Ƥθ̤ʤȤϸʤˡҤɤϡкΤ
ΤΤǤäơƤޤ⤷ˡ¤ʤɤȤ
ȤФС۵նΤʤ꤫ͤ
ΤǡĤޤꡢΥ٥dzƲΤʽª
ʤΤǡ¤򤷤ʤȤ褦ʤȤȤ
ϤʤǤ礦

ȤȤǡƣθư˥ޡĤ
ʷϵǤ


ȤǡпʹˤСܤϡ2011ǯ٤ˤ⡢
ȤβȲӽȤƤͽȤ⥭
åפȤĤǤ

ʤϵ岹ȲкѶŪ˼Ȥ٤ȼĥ
ƤΤȤǤ顢Υ˥塼򴿷ޤƤȻפ

ϡΡǤ

ϡȲӽȤˤĤơɤλȤˤϤɤ
ơɤδȤˤϤɤȷ뤳Ȥϡ¤ˤ
ѺǤ

Ŭ˷ΤϤǤǤ礦ɤλȤ⤽
ơɤδȤǼʤǤ礦

ΡïɤǷȤΤǤ礦

̱ޤϡ褯ͤʤ٤ʤΤǤ

 

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äڤ֤ƤޤǤ
Ǥ͹̱IJȼڶֺͱͽˡƤˤĤƤǤ

ǤϡƣäȾ͡ơäȾ͡

ʤϢΩʤɤʤФ褫äȤʤ
Ρϡäų٤ȡ

ͻģοä˴ϡ֤޳ѶĹˤʤ줿
ˡʤƤäפȻפäƤ뤫⤷ޤ󡣥˲
ȸäƤ⡢Ȥʹ褦ʤȤϤȤƤԤǤʤ

äϸޤ

ϡͻؤ˵ߤμ򺹤٤Τˡζͻ
ϡμڤ澮ٴȤʤΤȡ

ɤפޤ

Τˡ̱ΤʤˤϡͻؤȤ
˵ߺѤΤԸʿȴƤͤ뤫⤷
ޤ󡣤Ǥ⡢ǤʤС澮ٴȤ
ԤߺѤƤ٤ȤȤˤ
ꤽǤ

Υѡϡ⤬ʤͤˤĥäƤʤ
ʤơϡŵǼȤäơ
鷺ˡֺѤͱͽƤ졢ʤơ

Ǥ⡢ʤȤˤʤäͻؤηбĤ⡢ơ澮
ٴȤηбĤΩʤʤäƤޤޤ

ˡ⤽⡢ͻؤäɤäƹ񤬽Ƥ
ȤְäƤ뤳Ȥ˵դʤФ
ޤ

٤Ƥޤä顢ͻƥ˱ƶͿкѤפΤ
ʤﳲȤΤʤ顢ʬޤǤ⡢ºݤˤϡ
ۤɱƶȤϻפʤȹ祯饹ޤݸоݤ
ʤäƤǤϤޤ󤫡



ҤäȤ顢椵Ԥ餪ڤƤȤ
ʤΤǤ礦


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ޤ
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