кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2009ǯ10

ϡǡ8Υ򸫤ƤΤǤ
9δΨ5.3㲼ȸäƤΤǤ
ΰǡȼԤƤ롢ȡ

ءáȼԤƤ⡢Ψ㲼Ρ

ʡ

ΨȤϡȼԤϫƯϿ͸dzäΤ
šȤȤϡȼԤäȤƤ⡢ϫƯϿ͸
СΨ㲼뤳Ȥ⤢ȤȤ

Ǥϡ9ϡޤϫƯϿ͸Τ

⤽ϫƯϿ͸ȤϤʤǤ礦

ϫƯϿ͸Ȥϡ15аʾο͸ΤƯߤΤ͡
οȤ

9ˤʤäơޤƯߤͤΤ

ɤǼޤ

ˤƤƿʹϡɤƻ򤷤Ƥ뤫ȤߤƤߤ
ȡ

пʹ̳ʤ30ȯɽ9δΨʵĴ
͡ˤ5.3ȡ0.2ݥȲ
9νȼԿǯƱ98͸6295
͡ȼԿ92363ͤ
11Ϣ³

īʹ̳ʤƱȯɽ9δΨƱˤ
0.2ݥȲ5.3Ȥʤꡢ2Ϣ³

ִȼԤǯƱ92¿363͡
89ä礷

俷ʹ̳ʤƱȯɽ9δΨƱˤ
5.3ǡ0.2ݥȲ
ִȼԿǯƱ92363
11Ϣ³ä

ʹ̳ʤ30ɽϫƯĴ®͡ˤˤ
ȡ9δΨʵĴ͡ˤ5.3ǡ
0.2ݥȲ
9νȼԿǯƱ98͸6295
͡ȼԿƱ92363ͤ11
Ϣ³


äꡣäѤꡢΨ㲼ȼԤ
äƤȸäƤޤ

Ǥ⡢ǤǼޤʤä̳ʤΥǡ
å뤷ޤ

ȤȤǡȼԤοܤåȡ


2008ǯ1256
2008ǯ2266
2008ǯ3268
2008ǯ4275
2008ǯ5270
2008ǯ6265͡
2008ǯ7256
2008ǯ8272
2008ǯ9271
2008ǯ10 255
2008ǯ11   256
2008ǯ12 270
2009ǯ1277
2009ǯ2299
2009ǯ3335
2009ǯ4346
2009ǯ5347
2009ǯ6348
2009ǯ7359
2009ǯ8361
2009ǯ9363

 

 ǡǤ礦2009ǯ9μȼԿ363ͤǡ
٤СŤä2ͤƤޤ󡣤ޤ
ƤΤƤΤǤš

ʹ󤸤Ƥ92ȤΤϡ2008ǯ9
ƤäǤ

Ψ0.2ݥ㲼ȤΤϡ٤ä
Ƥʤ顢ȼԿˤĤƤǯƱȤӤʤΤǤ
줬⤽⤪

ˡ¾ˤ⵿䤬

ϡӤȤˤϵװĴ٤ʤ
ȡȽǤ붲줬ȤȤǤ㤨С1ǯΤ
ȼԤ¿ФΤǤǤ顢ȼԤθ
򸫤ΤǤϤʤĴȼԿ򸫤뤳Ȥɬ
ʤΤǤ

顢ΨοͤϡΨʵĴ͡ˤȥå
ääƤΤǤȤСȼԿ⵨Ĵ
ͤǤߤΤڤʤΤǤ

ʹ󤸤Ƥ9363ͤϸͤʤΤǤ
ϡĴѤߤμȼԿ򸫤ʤФʤ


㵨Ĵ͡
2008ǯ1255
2008ǯ2262
2008ǯ3256
2008ǯ4265
2008ǯ5267
2008ǯ6271͡
2008ǯ7267
2008ǯ8273
2008ǯ9264
2008ǯ10 249
2008ǯ11   265
2008ǯ12 289
2009ǯ1276
2009ǯ2295
2009ǯ3320
2009ǯ4334
2009ǯ5343
2009ǯ6356
2009ǯ7376
2009ǯ8362
2009ǯ9352

ǡǤ礦9εĴѤߤμȼԿϡ8
10;ʤ352ͤˤʤäƤǤϤʤǤ

ǼǤޤ͡

ĴͤǤߤС98ټȼԿäơ
ơΨ㲼ȤʤΤǤ


ʹҤϡ꤬ȯɽΤ򤽤Τޤ޵ˤƤ
ǤϤʤȻפäå򤪴ꤤޤ
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кѻɸɤˤĤٶˤϡ

ַкѻɸɤ߲狼ܡסʽ¥ƥˤ
ᤷޤ

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ϳΤǯΡ
μ򿶤ʧäơФƤää
Τߤ˾äƤ롡ʤμ̿
㤭ʤ顡֤ä⤢ää
饸ȥʤǤ
Τơ¾ν򰦤
饸襸ˤȤä
Τ……Ϻ……
……ܤ̤͡ʤ


СΤʹ褦ʡš߻Ҥβ
Ǥ͡

ֺ饸襸ˤȤäơ

ƣϺ᤬褷ޤȤȤޤǶФ
ƤҤ˼Ǥ礦Ǥ⡢ܿͤϡȻפä
ˤ䤫ʴ򤵤ƤΤȻפޤ

οͻˤĤƤϡֺ鼡Ϻפ餹
Ȥ

ΤˤФ73Ф̳򼭤14ǯˤʤäƤ
ΤǡֺפȤΤƱǤ

ˤƤϴοĤ䤬ΤǤ͡ޤ
򤷤ΤȥåȡšͻμĹ
󡣤ơͻȤϡå365ȤFX
줷ƤҤǤ

Ĥޤꡢ夿餷ƯΤǤϤʤؤɤưͽۤ
뤳Ȥˤäưڼ͡˳ưξͿƤ
ʤΤǤ⤦ϡԾ츶ɤλܼ
٤͡ʤΤǤ

̤˻ϡFXɤȤäƤΤǤϤʤΤǤ
FXԤ͡ϡ٤뤳Ȥ⤢»뤳Ȥ⤢
ΤƤäƤ櫓Ǥ顢¾ͤȤ䤫ȤϤǤ
ޤ󡣤ʤȤΤǤСäơϤäơ
ѥ󥳤äƳƱ

ϡǤƹŪʻŻϡïǤ⤬Ԥ
ȤϤǤʤȤȤǤ䤹ȡȺ
ˤʤäƤޤޤšǤ⡢⤷䤹뤳ȤǤС
¤٤뤳ȤǤޤܿȾ޶⤬Ϥᤫ
ޤäƤ뤫Ǥ⤷»򤹤뤳ȤȤСï
äƤʤǤΤȤϡʬ»
򤷤ƤޤǤ礦

ȤȤǡ굡ǡˤԤ󶡤
ͻ⡢˱Ĥ٤äˤ
֤ͥǧᤵĿͤΰ굡Ԥ䤹
ߥ勵ʥ٤ΩԤʤΤ⤷ޤ󡣤
Τ褦ܤ¿ۤλ⤬ƹή줿Ȥˤ
ơꥫνХ֥ä̤⤢ΤǤ͡

ʤȤ򤹤ҤμĹ󤬡Ϻ󡣤ǡʲ
ϥƤФꤷƤΤáޤ
ϡͻ꤬äƤΤΤʤȤǤ⤤
Ǥ礦

ΤϡȤ͹Ĥ᤹Ȥˤ
Ƥʻܤ򿩤Ĥ֤ƤޤȤǤ300ߤ⤢
Τʤ顢äˤͻ񤷤Ƥ衢ʤƸäơƤޤ
͹Ĥΰˤ¤ߤʤƸĤġ
Ǥ˼Ф»ƤޤȤǤ


͹ϡ⤷ĤʤȤ顢α
ˡ˺ΤǤϡšȻפäå򤪴ꤤޤ
↓↓↓
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

͹γ񤬤äơäȷбĿؤؤ
ƤޤޤäʤΤǤǡ®ƣĹε
񸫤ä櫓Ǥš

ƣĹϡ24͹ضɤֹεȤƳ
פȡ

ȯˤϡʵ䤬ĤޤȤޤ

ä丩λϻĹ󤬤μȯ򤹤
ǤޤϡϡμԤ뤬Ǥ̳Ǥ
顣ֻǽ̱˾˱ǤϤʤ
ϤʤɤǤ͹ضɤǤ⽻̱˾˱ޤפȤΤϡ
Ǥޤ

Ǥ⡢ƣĹϡμԤԤΤǤ̳ǤϤޤ
󡣤顢ɤ祤ޤ󡣤˸߹ԤäƤ
ŻΰԤ褦ʤȤͤƤ褦Ǥ
դιϡǧȤΤǤ礦

⤽ѼԤȤʹƤΤϡ͹ضɰ
ν꼡ǤʤȤ褦ʤΤˤȤɤޤäƤ
Ǥ顣

ɴäȤơֹεȤѤƤ餤פȤ
ΤʤǤޤš

ɡιεˤȤΤϡñʤ뵵äλ
ĤǤϤʤǤ礦
ˡäȤơΤ褦
˾ͽۤΤϡϤϤäǤϤʤΤ

ä顢Ϥˤ͹ضɤ㳰С
Ѥ褦ʵޤ⡢Ƥ͹ضɤθλѤ᤹ɤ
ΰʾλѤѤɬפʤɤʤΤǤ

˹IJ뤳ȤǰֵʤΤϡIJˤ
ƹ͹ηбĤԤ뤫ɤȤȤǤ
20ǯ
ۤ٥ɤȤˡϤǤ
кѤȤΤϹʤΤȡ顢Ϣ⺣̾
äƤ櫓Ǥ

丩Ԥл񤷤Ƥ3ǡ
ΤǤ礦äȤƤ㳰ŪʤΤǤʤǤ礦
¿ֻǤ

ˡνпȤμĹĹβƯΤ
Τ餺˾ʤο򤹤褦ˤʤäơΤΤ褦ʤޤ갦
ۤ褯ʤ͹ضɤˤʤäƤޤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

äϡ͹̱IJˤä͹ضɤȤ줬Ȥ
ʤˤʤäƤޤäȸޤǤ⡢¤ȿФǤϤ
Ǥ礫졢ѼԤߤäǤ

͹̱IJä餢äơ͹ضɰط
ϡʤʤ褦ˤ̤ȤϰۤʤäϤ򤷤Ƥ
ΤǤϤʤǤ礦֤äȸΨѼԤˤд򿶤
ʤȡ̱IJѤʤȤˤʤ뤾פʤɤȸ
ơμ´ǤϡΤ٤͹ضɤбˤ褯ʤ
Ƥȡ

Ϥ͹ضɤĤ٤ȤͤˤȿФ
ǤϤޤ󡣤Ǥ⡢ϡ̤͹ضɤĤᤵʤƤ
ǽʤϤǤ

ƣĹϡ͹ضɤοϸ餵ʤΤ
ơˡǸǤʤݻ뤳ȤϽפȹͤ뤬ɬ
ǼɬפϤʤפȸäƤޤ

줫顢ŷˤĤơƣĹϼΤ褦˸äƤ

ŷϸ̳ܤƤΤ
ɤꡢ礷Ż⤻˹餦ˤ

äǧ­ƤΤǤϤʤǤ礦ɴ
äơǤϡ礷Ż⤻˹äƤ͡
̾󤲤Ʋȸ

пʹˤϡַбĿؤˤϾϩ줿
νؼԤȡά餬褹פȡ
ȤȤϡ
Ĺ˽ǤͤϡƤȤȤǤ礦

ǸˡߤΤ椦ԤμĹϤɤ뤫ʹ졢
ֹڼĹˤϤƤȤˤʤȻפפȡ
Ʊ¢
ȤǤ⡢ϩ򥵥ݡȤͤɤФȤȤ


ƮΰָפǤ


͹ضɤξ¿ǤϤʤȻפå򤪴ꤤ
ޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

եåɡСƥ᤬ɥϥꥫιפˤϤʤ
ʤ1110ȯͽΥե󡦥եݡ
˴ƤƤ롣

եåɡСƥȤСԡݷкѸ
νĹǡĹǯ̲ˤĤɾƤΥߥȤ
롣Ǥ롣Υ󡦥䥹λ夫顢
ܤϤäȱߤڤ夲٤ȤȤĥΤ
㤨ܥɤȯԤФʤɤȸäȤ⤢롣
Ĥޤꤳο͡Τ顢ǰפԶѹϡ̲߲ͤư
ˤäĴ٤ȰӤƼĥƤΤǤ⤦
ŪˤСɥϲͤ򲼤Ƥ٤ȡ
顢ɥϹפˤϤʤʤȽҤ٤ƤǤ


  The Dollar and the Deficits

The global economic crisis has revealed the folly of
large U.S. budget and trade deficits, as well as of the
strong dollar that makes them possible. If it is
serious about recovery, the United States must
balance the budget, stimulate private saving, and
embrace a declining dollar.

кѴϡƹεۤκֻǰֻζ򤫤
˽ϪޤлҤֻǽˤɥ
򤫤˽Ϫ⤷ƹ񤬿˲˾ʤ顢
ѹդȤȤ̱֤ߤ¥ƥɥβͤ㲼
ǧ٤

 Even as efforts to recover from the current crisis go
forward, the United States should launch new policies
to avoid large external deficits, balance the budget,
and adapt to a global currency system less centered
on the dollar.

ָߤδæѤ뤿ϤȤƹϿ
򳫻Ϥۤгֻ򤹤ȤȤ˺ѹդ
ƥɥ濴Ū䤬ޤ褦̲٤ˤ
Фʤʤ

ά

A first step is to recognize the dangers of standing
pat. For example, the United States' trade and
current account deficits have declined sharply over
the last three years, but absent new policy action,
they are likely to start climbing again, rising to
record levels and far beyond. Or take the dollar. Its
role as the dominant international currency has 
made it much easier for the United States to finance,
and thus run up, large trade and current account
deficits with the rest of the world over the past 30
years. These huge inflows of foreign capital,
however, turned out to be an important cause of the
current economic crisis, because they contributed to
the low interest rates, excessive liquidity, and 
loose monetary policies that -- in combination with
lax financial supervision -- brought on the
overleveraging and underpricing of risk that
produced the meltdown.

ּϤˡޤǤΤǡ˴򤹤뤳
㤨Сƹǰ׼٤о٤ֻϡ3ǯ
Ƥ뤬ǤФʤСƤֻ
ϤᡢޤϿ򹹿뤳ȤɥˤĤƤϡ
ߤȤƤΥɥˤäƹֻΥեʥ󥹤򤹤
ȤưפˤƤΤǤ뤬ΤȤˤäƲ30ǯ
ΤǰֻȷоֻĤ夬äƤޤäε
ʳܤήϡʤ顢ηкѴ礭
ˤʤäȽϡۤγܤή
Ȳήưȶͻ¤⤿餷Ȥ
ͻĤδ¤ޤäơͻΥȥ߽Ф
ʥХåȥꥹβᾮɾ⤿餷Τ


It has long been known that large external deficits
pose substantial risks to the U.S. economy because
foreign investors might at some point refuse to
finance these deficits on terms compatible with U.S.
prosperity. Any sudden stop in lending to the United
States would drive the dollar down, push inflation
and interest rates up, and perhaps bring on a hard
landing for the United States -- and the world
economy at large. But it is now evident that it can be
equally or even more damaging if foreign investors
do finance large U.S. deficits for prolonged periods.

ֵۤгֻϡꥫкѤˤȤä礭ʥꥹȤʤ뤳
ĹΤƤϡȤϾβ
λǡƹ˱ɤξΩ褦ʾǤֻ
եʥ󥹤뤳ȤळȤ뤫⤷ƹ
Фͻ񤬵ޤ˥ȥåפ褦ʤȤˤʤСϥɥ
βͤ޹߲ե򵯤޾徺
ϡƹˤȤäƤǤϤʤкѤˤȤäƤ
ɥǥ󥰤ȤʤǤ⤷Ȥ
Ĺ֤ˤ錄äƹεֻۤեʥ󥹤
СƱ褦ʡϤä礭ʥ᡼Ϳ
ȤȤ餫


ץ饶դˤ⡢Сƥϡߤβͤ
ɥβͤ٤ȸäƤΤǤ
Ʊ褦ʤȤΤǤ礦Ȥ
ˤƤ⡢ϡ̱ưܤƤꡢޤ
ϡ͢ФܳŪ˲ޤǤϡ̱ڤ夲
ưȤݤ뤳Ȥͽۤޤ

Сƥϡƹǰֻ̾뤿
ɥ¤ɬפȸäƤΤǡƹ񤬹դã
ΤϤʤʤ񤷤ŤȤ⡣

ʵȡƹϥ
夲뤳Ȥޤޤʤȥɥװˤʤޤ
ΰǡʵ͢Фο
С̱Ƥڤ夲뤳Ȥˤʤ뤳Ȥˤʤꡢΰ̣
ϥɥ¤ˤʤȤȤˤʤΤǤš


ĴŪˤϥɥ¤ʤΤʡȻפå򤪴ꤤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ʿ˼ĹĹĴ­ļդ󤸤
Ƥޤ

ɤΤǤ礦

ǤλȻʬοηǤ

ܤȤƻǽôνϢȤԽʬä
ȡ

פˡʿ˼Ĺ龮Ϣ뤫ɤ
̤Ȥơͤʬ롼פ˻ä뤳ȤˤĤơ
ήʤäȡ

ȯ­˾Ҳ𤵤줿ʿϡȷοǧ
ĤΤʤȤ᡼Ǥ¤ĴǽϤ˥
ޡĤ̤ˤʤä褦Ǥ

ޤ줬ͳȤơơΤȤʿ˼
Ĺǧʤ顢ϤȤʤ褦ˡšȤ
Ȥǰ夵Ƥ褤
ȤϤʤʤΤǤ롣

ϡϺθʬǼǤʤǤ

ϸޤʬͽιܤ򸫤ơȤ
ȤȽǤϥ٥ƥǤʤʤ񤷤

ϤΤޤ󡣤ʤʤΤȡ

ʬʤͽۤơɤäƺޤͽ
Ȥ̣ƤΤǤ礦

ͽä׶ɤδطԤˤʬʤ褦ͽ
ɡκ˺Ѥɤȯۤ⤫
ʤΤǤ礦

ˡǡͽ򸫤뤳Ȥ˽Ϥνͽį
᤿Ȥǡ̵̤ɤϡɬ⤹ʬΤǤϤʤ
ΤǤ

⤷̳νȤͥƤȤȤ
С̵̤ɤȽǤǤϤʤͽС
²ΡĤǤ뤾Ȥͽϡ
˾դ褦ˤʤäȤ򡢤衼ΤƤȤȤ


򹪤ڤ뤿ˤϡ󤳤ɬפʤ
ǤФƤ뤳ȤδνǤϡ
Ӥ褫äȤʤɤޤ꼫ˤϤʤޤ󡣤⡢
ͽˤϤطƤơŤȤȤ褯Τ
Ƥơδ٤Ȥʤ褦θǤͤ
ͭǽȤȤˤʤΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢̳νƬˤϡͽܤȤ˴
δ餬åȤˤʤ褦˥ץåȤƤΤ

顢νϡ̱ܤߤ̵̤ȸ뤫
ʤȻפäƤ⡢ºݤڤ뤳ȤǤΤȤȤ
Ƭ褮롢ȡ

餳̳νϡ󥰤Ȥޥʥ
ȤȤǡƤ꤬Ʊ褦ˤߤ򴶤Ĺ
ֺѤʤäΤǤ

ȷν꿮ɽ⤬ʤƤȤϡ
ŤߤæѤ뤳ȤǤϤʤäΤ

ͽȡĤǤȤΤ
ʾˤϰ㤤ʤǽŪȤͤ뤿ˤϡ
褯來ޤƤȤΤ˽פǤ
ʤȤФͤƤƤϡ̵̤뤳ȤʤɤǤʤΤ

ͽ񤬺ǽ餫ʬͤϤޤ󡣤ʤȤ
ˤ뤳ȤϤʤΤǤʬʤдν˼䤹
νʬ䤹ƤϤǤäƾ
ͽǤСͽʤɤ褦ˤ
ΤǤǤ顢ͤȤͳǤŻ˷Ȥ뤳
ȤΤǡʤΤǤ礦¤ͽ̤ν
Ȥοͤ⤤뤳ȤǤš

ϺϡʬϤƱοͤ
¾ͤˤäƤ褦ʺФ˴٤ꡢ饷򴶤
Ȥ줿֤ͳʤΤ⤷ޤ

ˤƤ⡢äȿۤǤ

 

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

Υ˥塼򸫤Ƥ顢һ᤬͹
ˤʤ󤸤Ƥޤ

һš¸ΤǤ͡á¸ʤ

ͤ⤤뤫⤷ޤ󡣤1931ǯ9
ޤ78ФˤʤäƤ뤫ǤǤ⡢桹ǯˤȤäϡ
Ӥʸ͡Τʤͤʤɤʤ餤š

Ǥ⡢ܤ1ɤȤޤ󡣲Τ
ȡɤȩ礤㤦褦ʡš

Ρο͡ޤǤɤȯ򤷤ƤͥåȤǥå
ƤߤȡʷϵäƤޤ

Ͽ̤񤹤ͤϡۤ俩ϼʬѰդ
񤷤ʤǤäơ

ޤʤȤϤκݤɤǤ⤤ΤǤκ78
ФκȤ͹μʤɤ˽ǤΤǤ礦

Ź͡ϰβͤƤΤǤ礦

򤱤ʤƤ⡢⺤ʤȯ褦
ͤˤʤơš

ˤϡä򤷤Τ⤦ܸĤޤ
󡣤ˡäϼ夤Ԥ̣ǤϤʤäΤǤ礦
äԤͽۤ俩Ѱդ񤹤٤
ȤոʤΤǤ礦

ˡ⤽͹ȤΤϡ̾ѰȤΤ
äơΰѰ񤬼ǤƤΤǤϤʤä
ΤǤ礦

⤷̾ѰǤϤʤäλ̾򤹤Ȥ
ǤСˡΧΤǤ

ڸäJALե⤽ǤˡŪ
򤬤ϤäꤷʤΤԤƤ褦ʡšܤϤĤ
ˡȤǤϤʤʤäΤ


⤦ۤƲ

Ĥޤȷϡ˽ƨΤǤ礦



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ޤ
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Ȥͤ

1021ΡϺΨ15.7פȤˤơʲ
Ȥ꤬ޤΤǡƤͤӤޤ


ĽʬȤϡӽӿʿdz
äΡ

ĽʬȤϡӽӿͰʿ
äΡ


Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

1022ڡ˸Ĥν礬괱šdz
ޤ¸ΤǤ͡

ȷϸޤ

Ǽǰ桢ɬפͽ˽
Ūʬ뤿ᡢнк︺˸¤ڤޤʤ
Фʤס

֡ɬʬ͡٤ȤפäƴĥäƤۤ


ɬʬ͡ޤꥻ󥹤Τ㥰Ȥפʤ
ɡš
ˤƤ⤳οͤϡ˹ͤƤ
ʡäѤȤ

ëϸޤ

֡ؤ郎ʡ٤϶ض

Ĥϡ礹˵İβ

1˹ʡ̳ʡ̳ʤʤɡ
2˸ϫʡ̳ʡлʤʤɡ
3ʡʸʾʡɱҾʤʤ

3롼פˤ櫓ơƾå饹30ͤȤ


1023ʶ˸İȳϤ

ܤȤΤ褦ۤ³Ȼפꤤ

ơ̵̤ʻõϤޤäšȻפäƤ
23ʶ˸ͽꤵƤ׶ɤΥҥ󥰤
ߤˤʤäΤȤ

äΤȳפϤǤºݲä


30ͤκȥ14ͤο͵İޤޤƤơ
ʬȤܳʲȿ͸ػä뤳Ȥ񤷤ʤ
šȤ

ޤ줬ɽͳǤ

Τˡ͸˷ƤǤ顢
ͥ褵٤ȤոʬޤǤ⡢ʤʬ
ä14ͤλäᡢ顢ɬʬ
λפǴĥäߤȤޤǸäǤ

줬Ȥñˡƥ顪

ǤȷΥ꡼åפеƤޤޤ

ǡΤȤϡϺˤʬäƤϤ餯
ȿ򼨤⤷ʤȡǤʬȤ
줿
Τ

ˡܼƤޤΤȻפޤ

ȤϸϤʬơθϤȤϡȤƤ
ηȤޤν̱ޤϾĤȤǤޤ
äΤˤϤʤͳޤϡ
α뤿ˤޤޤʿ͡˹äǤ礷
С褦ˤʤ顢ȡ

顢᤬ܤäƤΤǤ

֤Ĥ顢ʬäƤϤʤפȡ

Ρɤڤ򤷤ƤΤ̤ʤǤϤʤ
פȡ

ˤСñڤäƤäƤϺΤǤˤ
Τʤİߤ̵̤˸뤫⤷ʤ
ͽ뤫礷ƤäΤȡˡ
ƤǤϤʤȡ


ˤƤߤäȤʤʤǤ

̱ޤϤɤʤΤǤ礦


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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ


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ĹȤδ֤Dzв֤򻶤餷Ȥ


21ͼͻģü

ѰĹɤ̹硢̹ȤΤϤޤ
ϤǤ

áܤʸǡŬʼȯԤ
櫓ǡͤƤ


ҤäȤ顢Τʤɤ˶̳ͤˤϡε
ȯ˶Фͤ뤫⤷ޤ󤬡

Ǥ⡢ǧƤޤä顢Ѱ¸߰յ
ʤʤäƤޤޤ˿ܤ˻äƤͤ
ȤäƤѤʥåǤ򤷤ȤΤȡ

⤷ɤ̹פʤɤȤͳ̹ǧȤʤȡ
ɡï̹ڤ뤳ȤˤʤꡢïΤȤ˸Ϥ
⤬椹뤳ȤˤʤäƤޤǤ礦ʤȡΤǤ

ɴäơζ٤㳰ǧȤΤǤ
СϤȲˡ뤳ȤˤäƼ¸٤
äʤΤǤŬˡŪ³Фơɤ̹
ܤ˸뤳ȤˤʤСɡ²İΤȤ⤬
ήäǤ


äϡޤޤȤ³Τʡ
פäå򤪴ꤤޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

䡢ƣϺ᤬͹μĹˤʤʹơӤä
ꤷäꡪ

¿ץ饤Ȼפä˰㤤ޤɤ
Ȥķӱۤơľäޤ

ޤƥӤʤɤϡƣϺ᤬Ĥ¢̳ᡢ
ϺȤȤ˹̱ʡǹ֤ۤ夲ĥܿͤȲ
ܤƤޤš

Ǥ⡢ɤƣ᤬ȤΤλפǤ礦

кѳο͡ĹνǤǿǤǤä顩

⤢Ǥ礦ɡϺϺӤ褵
äΤȤǤϤʤǤ礦

10ǯ˰٤μȸ줿ƣϡͥǤä
̾1ǯˤ̳ʤΥݥȤ2ǯּ̳᤿
Ǥ̱ʡǹۤԤ˽äΤ򤭤äˡ
θʤɤˤޤ졢иԤ褦
ݥȤˤŷ뤳ȤǤԶ򤫤ĤƤ

βƤνǾϺ᤬Ψ̱ޤ
ΤǤ顢⤦ݤΤϤʤ֤ˤʤäΤǤ

֤Ǥ󤹤ˤ⡢Ĥ餤פ򤵤Ƥޤäʡסʡơ

ˤǤ󤹤ȤΤϡƣΰΤǤޡǾ塡
Ȥˡ֥ǡפȸäƤȤ


פˡ᤬ϺФޤ򻤤äȤ
ϤʤǤ礦

㤤ͤΤʤΤޤ󤬡ϺȺƣ
ϺΥӤΤ餢ä櫓Ǥ䤬򴶤
ϡѴ褬Ϥޤꡢܤ90ɥλٱԤäꡢ
ϡХΤˬݤǤ

ޤǤ¢ʤϡˤʤ顢ݲΥ
ѡȸᡢݲǤ櫓Ǥ
ƣϴ˼ĹλˡϺ򼡤Υѥȸ
ᡢϺ˥ץ򤷤ȤȤǤ礦

κƣϺ4ǯڤƣ͵׺̳äϡ
νФνʬ來ޤȸޤ10ǯ˰
ΰϡʬ來ޤ뤳Ȥ򥳥ȥ뤹뤳
ϤȤȤǤ礦


аޤϷаޤȤơ̱ޤλٻԤ¿ϡ
æνϤɤΤפȻפäƤϤǤ

Τˡ⤦14ǯä⤷ޤ

˲äƤȤϤͻ
δоݤεؤǤꡢΰ̣ǤϤ鼡иԤ
ƤʤݥȤȤϤäƤ⡢äѤŷǤ礦
ΰ̣ǤϡȷФƼ˾ؤޤ

ͻδطԤΰոȤƤϡƣΤ
ͻηбĤƷǤΤȤޤǤ
ĹϡŵŪŷä褦Ǥƣϳ
Ҥ˰ܹԤбĤƷȡ

äʹȡš̱ʡǹۤϤȤǤʤää
äѤǽϤͤʤΤʤƻפäƤޤǤ

ǽϤȤϤ᤬ƣĹô
ФΤϡɤǼޤ󡣤ϡͻ
äƤŻͤʬޤ

ϡԾ츶㤷Ƚޤϥɤ⤬
ȡ
᤬°̱ޤϡǯ10ֶ۵޶ͻк
ˤĤơפꤷơΤ褦ʤȤƤƤޤ

ʣ˻פ̵
ʣ˼ʻΨű
ʣ˥ڥ٤
ʣ˸Ūˤ
ʣڷˤ225ʪפѻ

ƤϡɤԤǤΤǤ
ˡ5ˤܤƲ̱ޤϡʪػ
ʤƸäƤΤǤΤʤȤ򤤤ΤȤ
С225ʪϡ굡ޥ͡ȤƸγⲼ
ΰˤʤäƤ뤫顢ʤΤȤ

ʤȤ򤤤ΤǤСʪˤ
⡢ʪʪˤƤ⡢ߤƤޤȤȤˤʤ
Ǥ礦굡ѤޤߤäȤ⤤ΤǤϤʤˤ
Ƥ⡢ܤػߤ뤳ȤȤʤΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢̱ޤϡʪϥϥɤ
٤ΤˤäƤΤξħΤ褦˻פäƤ
ǤǤϡƣ᤬Ĺ̳ҤϡäƤΤ

桼3ʪ

桼3ʪץ

̵ôݥO/Nʪ

GCS/Nʪ

ؾڵ


ǸΡؾڵȤϡä365ȤƤФ
FXǤ̱ޤϡ225ʪ϶ػߤĤġ
ʪǧȤΤǤ礦

ˡƣ᤬ͻƷȤΤϡ
ȿǤäΤҲȤˤäƤǤ顢
̱ޤ͹̱IJ˥ȥåפ򤫤褦ȤưȵչԤ
뵤ƤʤʤΤǤš

ʤȡϷ֤ȤˤȤäƤϡɤǤ⤤ȤʤΤǤ

ϡޤˤȸޤ73ФκƣϿ
ǤϤʤӥơΤȸƤ֤٤ǤϤʤǤ礦


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ȤϰβʤΤȻפäå򤪴ꤤޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ܤΡϺΨפ15.7Ȥ˥塼ˤʤޤ

ʹƻˤȡܤΡϺΨפϡ2006ǯ15.7
1997ǯʹߤǺǰʤΤȤŪˤߤƤ⡢ᥭ
18.4ˡȥ륳17.5ˡƹ17.1ˤ˼4ܤ˹⤤
ʤΤȡ

ʥ˥塼ήȡޤԾ츶
ȤޤꤽǤ͡ϩܷкѤ
㤯ˤƳʺ礷Ƥޤäȡ

ȷϡΥ˥塼ˤĤơѤҤɤפ
֤ϺޤǸɽʤäȤְ
äƤ뤳Ȥ̱Τ餻뿷٤Ĥꤿפȸä
ΤǤš
äȲȿʤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ΡϺΨפȤΤϡդǽ񤤤Ƥ뤳Ȥʬ
褦ˡüʰ̣򼨤ƤޤŪˤϡŪϺ
Ψ򼨤ƤΤǤĤޤꡢ̱ΤΤϺˤ
Ȥߤ͸ۤɤ뤫ȤȤ򼨤Ƥȡ
褷㤨С1μ1ɥ̤ʤɤȤŪ
򼨤ΤǤϤޤ

ȤȤǡΡϺΨסŪϺΨޤйޤ
ۤϤͤγ礬礭ʤ뤳Ȥ̣Τǡʺ
礷Ƥ뤳Ȥ櫓Ǥ

ϫƯʤΥǡǧƤޤ礦͡

ϺΨοܡ

1997ǯ14.6
2000ǯ15.3
2003ǯ14.9
2006ǯ15.7

Τ褦ˡ10ǯۤɤδ֤Ϻؤ1ݥȤۤ
礷ȤΤϻ¤ʤΤǤǤ⡢¤Ϥä
ΤȤǤϺΨϡ2003ǯˤϰö㲼Ƥ
Ȥ¤ʤΤǤ

ΤȤʤѤҤɤפȡ
ΤǤ礦

ǤϡޤΥ˥塼˰̣褯ʬʤ
Ȥͤ⤤äǤ礦顢פˤϺפ
̣ŪˤߤƤߤޤ礦

ϫƯʤˤСΡϺؤȤΤϡ̱ǯ
ʲĽʬˤͤǤ228ߤȾʬǤ114
ߤʤƤʤӤ򤤤ΤȤ

͡פȤǰʬǤ

ʿ͡פʤ餪ߤǤͤ͡ϡʿͤȤϰۤ
ꡢͤ礭ͤؤȽ֤¤٤Ƥäˡ
˰֤ͤؤޤĤޤꡢ¿
˳ʿ͡ʤ褦ʼҲξˤϡͤʿͤ
⤰ä㤯ʤ櫓Ǥΰ̣Ǥϡ͡פȤϡ̱
δФ˹äʿͤȤ˹ͤ뤳ȤǤ櫓Ǥ
ν̱ФʿͤȾʬͤϺԤ̤饤
ȤȤȤǤơͤϡǯ114ߤȡ

餷򤷤ƤȤơǯ֤βĽʬ
114̤ȤȤϡȤȤǤ뤪95
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ʬˤϲߤǤ¶μˤΤϴ
ޤƤʤȤդɬפޤâҼ
ϥȤˡĤޤꡢǯäƤϸ¤Ƥ
ˤƤ⡢ƽʬ褬꤯Ǥ͡
Ϻؤ˴ޤޤƤΤǤ

ơԤϡ餯褷Ƥͤ
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ܤϺؤ⤤ͳΰĤˤϡ
ˤƹ𲽤ŸƤȤȤ⤢櫓Ǥ

ȤʬϤ⽽ʬ˹Ԥäǡȷȯ
ǤϤʤǤ礦

ʤϫƯʤȯɽߤƤȡĽʬ
Ȥǰо줷ˤĤƤϼΤ褦ʤ
Ƥޤ

ĽʬȤϡӽӿʿdzä
Ρ

ӽӿʿdzäΤȤΤϡ
ͰʿdzäΡפȤΤΤǡޤ

򤵤Ƥ⡢¿ι̱ϡʤΤä㤤ʡȡ
ñˤޤ礦͡

㤨С1餷ӤäȤơǯ֤βĽʬ
200ߤäȤޤơΰǡ4餷
ӤäȤơǯֽ800ߤäȤ롢
ȡ

2ĤӤϡ¼Ūˤɤ˭褬
Ȼפޤ

800ߤ4ͤdzȡ1ͤ200ߤ顢ɤäƱ

ʤȤϤʤǤ͡ä4餷Ӥ
ǤϤǤϡ4ͤǤޤȤޤä褹뤳
ˤäƿʬ󤬲ǽˤʤ뤫Ǥ
塢ƻ塣˿äơʬ4ʬޤȤƺ
1˴Ȱ¤ʤϤǤ顣

ϫƯʤϡӽӿʿdzäΤ
Ľʬȸޤ4ͤӿʿ2ͤǤ
顢800ߤ2dz400ߤȤȤˤʤꡢ4
Ӥοͤϡǯ400ߤβĽʬ1餷
򤷤ƤΤȤߤʤȤȤˤʤäƤΤǤ

äơ4ͤǹ1ǯֽ228
Ǥˤϡñ˷׻С1βĽʬ
57ߤˤʤʤΤǤ4ʿ2dzȤ
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ǤĤޤꡢ1114̤ϺؤȤߤʤȤ
äƤ⡢Ľʬη׻δطǡºݤˤϤ
㤤ƤʤӤǤ⡢ϺؤȤߤʤʤ
Ȥ⤢ΤǡΤȤˤդɬפǤ

ʤȳʬäƵ񤤤Ƥ뵭Ԥ⾯ʤΤǤ礦
͡ˡʺ٤Ȥ񤤤Ƥ⡢ɤ򤷤Ƥ館
ʤ顢ȡ


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