кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2010ǯ05

轵528εԲ񸫤ͤǤ

˺ʪؿФȻפǤˤĤ
Ƥθ渫ȡȤϤַǰƤΤϡѤ
ȤʤΤǤ礦

˾ʪؿϼ㴳ޤ굤̣ǤΤǡˤ䤫
ǥե³ƤȤϰˤΤʤȻפ
ƤޤȤΥǥե褹ȤȤǡ
ŪʤȤܤǤ줾äƤ櫓Ǥ
䤬ä˴ؿȤʤ˿ƤƤΤϡ
ϤǥեȤ򡢤ɤΤ褦ˡɤΤ褦
뤫ȤȤޤ󿧡ʵޤǤ⤢
櫓Ǥɤ⡢


ޤǥեĤΤ褦Ǥ͡

³ޤ


ϤǥեȤΤ߽ФƤ뺣Ūʥǥեθ
ܤκŪʥǥեθȤΤϡ¿դ¾
θդǤޤʾ˴ؤʾФƤ
ȤǤΤǤήưȤɽ򤵤⤢
ޤĤޤꤪΤޤޤǻäƤȤĿͤ
⡣ʪˤơʪ㤤Ȥ򤷤Ȥ⡢
ΤޤޤǻäƤȤϤʹ
ɤ餫ȤϤˤƤ
롣äܤ³Ƥ櫓Ǥ
Ȥ˥ǥեθϤꤢȤդ˹ͤơϤꤽ
ФƤäбǤǤäƤȤɬפ
ȡΤ褦˻פäƤޤʰʲά

οιͤФ볧ͤδۤǡǤ礦

ʤۤɤΤȤȻפȤš

ϸޤ

ǥեθϡήưʬ䤹С
Ƥ⡢ΤȤ⤪ΤޤޤǻäƤȤ
ܤǶȡ

ǡǤ礦

ΤˡǯܤϾ¤ƤȸƵפ
Ǥҹ𲽤ʹԤƤ櫓Ǥǯ԰¤⤢
뤫餳κݾΤƤȡ
󤬤ƤȤ顢ϡ۵ĤҤ٤
ȤϤޤ󡣤줬ɤ̤Ȥơ
ݤƤΤϻ¤Ǥ礦

ܿͤϤ򤪶Τޤ޻äƤȤ
ȤΤϡʤΤǤ礦

äȤޤ򤪶Τޤ޻äƤȤΤϡ
å䥳򥿥¶⤷ƤȤ֥Ȣ
Ȥפ˼ʬľܴƤ֤ؤޤ
öԤ¤ƤޤСϤΤޤ޻äƤ
ȤˤϤʤޤ󡣲ΤʤСήư
ʤäƤ뤫Ǥ

ήưȤϡʾ긵֤ƤȤ뵤
Τ夤ΤؤƤޤ

󥺤ϸޤʵɷ㤹뤿ˤϡ㤯
ƤФΤʤСפ٤ƼȤ㲼
С٤礭ʤꡢȤ񤷤褦Ȥ
ߤФƤ뤫ȡ

Ǥϡ󥺤ϡͻפȹͤƤȤ
СǤʤäΤǤξǤϤȤʤΤ
Ƥ⡢ԷʵΤȤˤϤʤʤ
褦Ȥߤʤȡ¾ˤͳ
롢ȡϡ褦ȤƤ⡢ԷʵΤȤ
ˤϿ͡ήưޤ뤿ˡˤ
뤫ȡ

졢ɤȤȸС͡긵¢Ƥ
ȤޤСΨʲǤϤϤ
Ԥ¶⤹뵤ʤʤйĤͭ뵤ˤʤ餺
Ĥ㤦ˤʤʤȡ

졢ήư櫤ȸƤӤޤ

Ĥޤꡢꡢŵȯ褦ʾǤϡ
͡϶Ԥˤ¤ȤϹͤʤʤ櫓Ǥ
⤯ƤǤ

ΤȤСԤХХݻ褦ʾΤʤ
޳¶ФƥåݤФʤΤˡ
åޤ¶⤷褦Ȥ褦ʿ͡ϾʤǤ

ȤȤǡϲˤʤ롢ȡ

ƿ͡긵֤ƤȤ
СήưޤäȤȤˤʤޤ
ʰ̣
礤Ǻܿͤ긵¢褦ȤƤȤ
ΤǤ礦

Τ˻ٽФޤƤǤ礦Τ
ڤ˶Ԥʤɤ¤Ƥ櫓ǤǤ顢褷ήư
֤Ǥ櫓ǤϤʤΤǤ

顢ϸ򤷤ƤȻפΤǤ

Ǹ򤷤ƤޤäΤǤ礦νΥ쥯㡼ߥ꡼
ǥ󥰤äΤǤ礦

ä³ȡϡΤޤޤǻäƤ
֤ᤵ뤳Ȥɬפ⤷ʤȸޤ

Ǥϡ򤹤Τ

˺ܿͤ¿¶ʤɤ⡢֥Ȣ
ƤäȤޤ礦ǡᤵ
Τ˲򤹤ФΤ

ܶԤˤäȶͻ¤롩

ˡäƲʾή̤ä뤳ȤäƤ⡢
ܿͤ¿֥ȢˤСš

Ѥޤ͡

Ǥϡ֥Ȣ׼롩


󥺤ϸޤʾФפư3Ĥ롢
ȡ

ưͽŪư굡Ūư

Τˤ⤬ɬפˤʤΤϤΤȤǤޤ
ΤȤƤͭƤȻפΤ⤽ΤȤ
Ǥ礦ư˴Ťʾפϡ̱Ĥޤ
GDP礭㤷礭ʤȹͤޤ

굡Ūư˴ŤʾפȤΤϡɤȤ
Τ褦ʾꤷƲ

㤨СĤͭƤȤޤǡʵޤ
ʤäƶޤ˲äƤȡơ⤦ʾ
ʤȻפۤɲäƤȡ

ʾǵϡĤ³ͭȻפǤ礦
ȤĤäѤäƸ˴褦ȻפǤ礦

⤦ʾ뤳ȤϤʤǤȵͽۤ
Ȥޤ礦

ȤС嵯뤳Ȥ϶夬뤳Ȥ
ȡǡ夬еͭƤĤβʤ㲼
롢ȡȤ顢ϡĤβ㲼ˤä»򤹤
ǽ롢ȡơ»򤹤뤿ˤϹĤ
äƸ˴Ƥȡ˲ʾפ
졢굡ŪưˤʾפȸƤǤ

Ρ굡ŪȤС夬Ҥ
뤫ǤĤޤꡢϡͭƤ
ǽȹͤȤȤǤ



ˤƤ⡢ŷִϤˤĤƤɤͤƤ
Ȼפäå򤪴ꤤޤ
↓↓↓
͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

⡢ŷִϰž꤬ȥåץ˥塼ˤʤäƤ
ޤޤȸǤ礦
Ǥ⸩ȸä
ȯʤ줿櫓ǤƤޤΤȤ
ȿȯʡäȤ졢ϢΩɤʤΤ
뤫Ǥ

Ǥ⡢ǼʤΤǤ͡

ǼʤȤС椬
ΤˡοΥꥫǤȸäƤۤɲ󤸤Ƥ
ʤǤ

Ȥ̵롪

ۥ磻ȥϥΥȤߤƤ⡢̳ʤΥȤߤƤ

ȥ̳Ĺñ˥Ȥ٤Ǥ

Ť˰ܤɤ̤ȤơꥫȤХ
ΤܤˤꤤȸΤǤС⤦
äƤ褵˻פ뤫Ǥ

ʻ򼨤ɤ̵롪ä
Фʤ衢ȸФꡪ

Ƿɡȷϡ򤵤Ƥ館ʤäȡ
Ƥ館ƤʤΤ顢ĸߤʤäȡ

ǡʻפƹΥ˥塼åƤ顢ճ
ȤNY Times񤤤ƤޤƸäƤΤ


“Japan Relents on U.S. Base on Okinawa, Reneging
on a Campaign Promise” (news article, May 24)
characterizes Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama’s
announcement that the United States Marine Air
Station Futenma would be moved to northern
Okinawa — as originally agreed to — as “a victory for
the Obama administration and a humiliating setback
for Mr. Hatoyama.”

ܡ˴ƲƷϤФո
ס524εˤȤϡȷŷִϤ
ιդɤ겭˰žȯɽȤإ
ХξǤƱȷζṲ̄Ǥפ
ߤʤ

Obviously, in this squabbling, the Hatoyama
administration succumbed to the Obama
administration’s all-out pressure to stick to a 2006
bilateral agreement. Mr. Hatoyama had raised
Okinawans’ expectations during the last election
campaign by saying that Futenma’s functions must be
moved away from Okinawa.

֤θ褤ˤơȷϡ2006ǯξιդ
ºŤ٤Ȥ륪ХΰϤŪ˶
餫ȷϡŷִϤεǽϲ츩˰ž
٤ȯ츩̱δԤĤޤ
ƤޤäƤ

The Obama administration should remember,
however, that its victory is self-defeating as well
because it contradicts the principle of democracy that
Washington advocates in dealing with “undemocratic”
and “unenlightened” nations.

֤ХϡξƱ˼Ǥ˸Τ
Τä٤ΤʤС̱ȤڤʹȤȸ
礦Ȥ˥亮ȥ󤬤Ĥˤ̱θȿ

The overwhelming majority of Okinawans are
opposed to any plan to keep the base on Okinawa, as
Washington is fully aware. How dare Mr. Obama ask
Mr. Hatoyama to act without regard to the wishes of
his compatriots?


ֲ츩̱ΰŪ¿ϡ亮ȥ󤬽ʬΤƤ褦
˲δϤݻ褦Ȥ뤤ʤƤˤȿФǤ뤫
Ʊ˦δꤤ̵뤷ƹưʤɤȤȤɤ
Х޻ȷ˸ΤǤ


ȤäƤʡšǤ⡢Ѥʴ⤷ޤ

ʵNY Times 񤯤ΤǤ礦

褯ȡ

Yoshio Shimoji
Naha, Okinawa, May 24, 2010

Ȥޤ

줫ƵäΤǤ͡


ˤƤ⡢ĤȽDz褦ˡƱϥ
ݾФȸˤϡХΤ
ˤĤ̵뤹褦٤ͳϲʤΤǤ礦


̱³Ƥ褦ʤΤȻפäå
򤪴ꤤޤ
↓↓↓
͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ֵ򲰡ͷʶפȤʸܤޤ


å򤷤Ƥߤȡ

־Զ˶줷򲰥󤬡ܵҳΤᡢ
򷫤깭ƤפȤޤ

˺٤ߤƤȡ

ֵҤϥơ֥üʸĴޤǼ˹Ԥ
֥եȥաɡפΥƥȤäƿͷޤʤ¸
ײңξۤϡ̱פΣߤ
ʰŹϣߤ򸫹Ǥ

ΤʡȻפĤġޤˡ֥եȥաɡפδؿ
Ƥޤޤ

եȥաɡեȥաɡեȥաɡ

ϡǶƥӤǤȯΤˤʤäƤȤޤ

ïȯ򤹤褦ˤʤäΤȡ

ȥեȤȽäȦʤΤˡ

եȥաɤȯʤȡ٤ʤΤ

եȥաɤȯͤϡǡˤ⼫ʬϿʤǤ
ȸǤ

ϡˤʤޤ󤫡

ޤˤʤʤͤ¿⤷ޤ󡣰ϡեȥ
ɤȤ򼫤⤷Ƥͤ⤤뤫ޤ

եȥաɤʤƸŤ衢ȡ

ɤ祤ޤ

ȤȤĴ٤Ƥߤޤ

ҤǤϤʤ⥤ޥ⤷ޤ󤬡
ȤäƤWikipedia ߤƤߤȡ


֥եȥաɡʱѸ fast food Ȥϡû֤Ǻ롢
뤤ϡû֤ǿ٤ڤʿʡΤȡ

ܤǤϡ֥եȥաɡפȯ̱2003ǯʿ15
ǯˤλǤϰŪ¿ä[1]ޥߤǤ϶Ʊ̿
Ҥäơ֥եȥաɡפɽȯȤѤƤ


ءƱ̿ҤȿͤʤΤƱ̿ǤȤ졪
ƻפĤġĴ٤ȡ


NHK֤ȤФεˤʤ뤳ȤСס2003ǯ1028
Τ褦򤷤Ƥޤ

֥ϥСե饤ɥݥƥȤʤɤοʪ򡢳󲿤ȸ
ӤޤNHKǤϡФʤեȥաɤѤƤ
ʸƤԤ֤ʤ᤯٤Ȥ
̣“fast”ǤäơְܤΡפȤ̣“first”ǤϤʤ
ᤫǤꥹѸǤ“fast”“a”ʬ򿭤
ơ֥եȡפȯ뤽Ǥ֤ꥫ
äƤȤͤơꥫѸΡ֥եȡפѤ
ΤǤ

ۤȤʤΤǤ

ѹȯϥեȤȿФɡƼϿФʤ

饤μȯåƤߤޤ

Ҥο漭ŵϡե㡼Ȥʹޤ

goo ϡեȡDictionary.comϥեȡ

ϡOxford μǤѹȯƹȯ
ĤİȤǤΤǤ͡ϥ

ǡѹ񼰤ϡեȤʹΰǡƹ񼰤ϡե
Ȥʹޤƹ񼰤ϡѹ񼰤ۤɿФϤޤ
褷ܿͤΥʥ󥵡եȤȤʹ
ޤ

Canbridge Advanced Lerner's DictionaryʹƤߤ
ȡѹ񼰤ϡեȡƹ񼰤ϡե㡼Ȥȡ
ƹ񼰤Ǥ⤫ʤ꿭ФȯƤޤ



äѤꡢեȥաɤȯ٤ȤȤΤ褦Ǥ

Ʊ̿⤽NHK⡢Ƥޤ¾̱⡢äȤ
Ĵ٤ȯ٤Ǥ͡

ޤǤ⡢ڥ򥵥ڥȤƤФʤܤ
ɤǤ顢񤷤ʸʤΤǤ礦

ޥǥ٤㤹Ȼפå򤪴ꤤ
˱Ѹ򶵤ˡȤʤȤ
ᤸ󡢤Ȼפ⥯å
↓↓↓
͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

8ȤȥȤȤޤꤪפ

ϡûҤΡǾֽ
о줷Ƥޤ

ǤǤɬפǤϤʤ

ޤϤ

Ǥ⡢ͳȤƵ󤲤ͳøʤΤǤ

ܤϡ߽ȤƥꥫιĤʤɤ100ߤͭ
Ƥ뤫餽ʧФȡ

ޤϡۤ

ĤǤˡͤٻ뿹ʶ⡣

ϡ߽ͭ븫֤˰ٷȯԤƤΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢ100ߤμڶ򤷤Ĥġ100ߤǥꥫι
ĤʤɤäƤΤǤ

ʤȤïͤùߤʤ˽ФƤ
⡢ȤλʤϤʤ

ޤɤǤ⤤ǤɡšȤɤǤ褯ʤȻפ
ơޤ֥˽񤤤㤤ޤ

ˤƤ⡢͵뤫ȤͳΤߤǾֽˤ
夲ޥߤȤΤϡ

ϺȽ⡢⤦Ȥʤȡ

饤ޥ

褷ͤޤȤ˸Ƥޤޤ

 

֤ϤȻפϡå򤪴ꤤޤ
↓↓↓
͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

եʥ󥷥롦ॺ椬äƤޤ

Europe dithers over adopting Germany's short
selling ban

ֲϡɥĤѤ硼ȡ󥰤ζػ֤ˤ
Ƥ

硼ȥ󥰤ȤϲǤ礦

More than a week after Germany stunned its
neighbours and global financial markets with a shock
ban on naked short selling, Europe is still talking
about it.

֥ɥĤͥåɡ硼ȡ󥰤ζػ֤ˤٽ
ΥޡåȤȤ1ְʾФäƤ
ΤˡϰȤƤΤȤˤĤä򤷤Ƥ

ͥåɡ硼ȡ󥰤ȤϲǤ礦

naked ȤȤ̣Ǥ͡ˤʤäûΤ롩
ʤ󤫥åäݤ

ǤϤޤ͡ξshortݥ
ȡȿФlong Ȥäơ㤤ݥΤȤˤʤ


Officials around Europe were caught completely off-
guard when Germany introduced overnight a ban on
naked short selling in selected stocks, eurozone
government bonds and credit default swaps.

֥ɥĤγ桼ιġƥ쥸
åȥǥեȥåסθʪμƤΤʤ구
ƳȤ˥衼åδطԤ԰դͤ줿

Short selling, or the practice of aiming to profit by
betting on price falls, has a long history and is
accepted by many experts as a practice that adds
liquidity to markets, which in turn gives investors
comfort they can exit quickly if they want to.

ֶꡢĤޤꡢʤ㲼Ҥ뤳Ȥˤä٤
褦Ȥ԰٤ΤԤƤ롣ޤȤ餹
ХޡåȤ˸ߤΤȤɾԤ¿
ȤˤСޡåȤȴФȤȤˤľ
ȴФȤǤΤǰ¿⤢

However, it is held by some, particularly during
market crises, as a tool used by speculators to force
down prices. Naked short selling involves selling a
security the investor does not own nor has made an
arrangement to borrow.

֤ä˥ޡåȤ˴٤äȤʤɤˤϡ굡Ȥ
ʤʤȤƻȤȤ롣ʪμƤΤ
ȤϡȤͭƤʤڷ䡢ϼڤ
򤷤Ƥʤڷ뤳Ȥ


At the meeting, the UK and France were particularly
critical of the German move and most regulators said
they were not interested in following Germany's
example, at least in the short-term.

ѹȥե󥹤äˡɥĤεȽŪǤꡢ
ʳι񡹤ɿ魯ưϺΤȤؤɤʤȤ
Τ褦Ǥ͡

Ǥϡαѹե󥹤ȽŪʤΤͻȳȤη
ӤĤμ뤿ᤫ

ȤǤ礦

The German move also upset regulators' efforts to
produce cross-border consensus. Days after Lehman
collapsed in 2008, the UK's Financial Services
Authority shocked its peers, like Germany, with a
sudden short selling ban, triggering similar moves
around the world. Last year, as regulators began
shaping the post-crisis world, they pledged to act
together. Germany's move is seen as threatening
that consensus, which is held to be better for the
financial system as it is less likely to allow regulatory
arbitrage between jurisdictions.

šѹ꡼ޥ󥷥åθˡػ
֤ȯɽ줬˹ä

ǡطԤϥХХ˹ưΤǤϤʤķ뤷
ƹư뤳Ȥ˷᤿ȡ

ȤäΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢդ򳧤ǤȤʤ顢ɥĤȼ˹ư
Τǡˤȡ

˶ˤƤ⡢ǰפƹưȴ
ƻȤϤʤȡդˤСǤʤȤ
Ƥ⡢¾λԾǶػߤƤʤȡ̣ʤ󡪡Ȥ
ȤΤ褦Ǥ


ΥɥĤζ구ϡ쥸åȡǥեȡåפ
оݤˤʤäƤޤΡɥĤ쥸åȡǥեȡ
פоݤˤȤС꤬ꥷĤβ
˽ΰˤʤäȤǧäΤ褦ʤΤǤ

쥸åȡǥեȡåפȤΤϡȤȤǥե
Ȥ򵯤ݸߤʤΤǤĤޤꡢ
򤷤ƤСʬͭƤҺĤĤǥե
Ȥ򤪤ƤؤäǤ롢ȡ

쥸åȡǥեȡå׼򤹤ͤ¿ϡ
naked ʤΤȸޤĤޤꡢ̤˥ǥեȤΥꥹ
򤹤ΤŪʤΤǤϤʤñ굡ǰ٤äƤ
ȡơ굡Υ桼ΰˤ
äƤ롢ȡɥĤǧϡɤ⤽ȤΤ褦ʤΤ


Ǥ⡢褯ͤ餪ʤΤǤ͡ȤΥǥեȤ
󤬤ʤơšơѤͤ¿
ꥹΤˤ򤷤ƤΤǤϤʤñ
֥ԤäƤ˲᤮ʤʤơ

30ǯ֤ۤɤδ֤ˡܤ⤹äꥮ֥˴
ˤʤäƤޤä褦Ǥ

ηкѿꡪ





ƹϡμεˤȿФΤʡȻפä
å򤪴ꤤޤ
↓↓↓
͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

NY1ɥäΤȤdz㲼
褦Ǥ

ͳϡ

кѤκšڥˤ߶Ԥιͭ
šīȾǤζĥιޤ

ͳϤ褦ǤפȤӼ
ĤĤΤȤĤޤꡢ⿮뤳ȤǤʤȤ
Τ褦Ǥ

Ǥϡ֤ɤϤɤн褹٤ʤΤǤ礦

ǡȥʡ̳Ĺϸޤȥ쥹ƥȤ
Фȡ

ʤɤǤ⤤ǤάäΤˬ
ȥʡ̳Ĺͥ򳰤ĻѤǥХå
äƤʤͥåȤ󤸤ƤޤäѤ㤤Ǥ
͡⤴ˤʤäƲ

󡢥ꥫǯԤäȥ쥹ƥȤФƤޤ

ɤޤǸƥȤäΤʬޤ󤬡Ԥλ
Ƥ򿳺ꡢμͽۤԤɬ
뤫ɤȽǤԤޤ͡ǡη̤㤫
褦ʤФ硼Ȥޤޤ

ȥʡĹԴطԤϿܤʴ򤷤
ޡĤޤꡢäȤФ긽¤ܤ餷ơƹζͻ
פʤΤפȼ˰ż򤫤Ȥ
šԻ׵ġɤ櫓Ȥ
ή˾뤳ȤǤơŪ᤯֤ޤȤ
ȤˤʤäΤǤ

θ򲤽⻲ͤˤƤߤСȥȥʡ
̳ĹϸΤǤ礦ϼΤ褦󤸤Ƥ
ޤ


U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner will urge
European officials this week to conduct some form 
of banking system stress tests, CNBC reported on 
Tuesday, citing an Obama administration official.

֥ȥʡ̳ĹϺԤФƲ餫Υȥ쥹ƥ
ȤԤ褦δطԤ˶ǤȡCNBCϡ
ХιⴱθդѤ󤸤

The stress tests, however, would have to differ 
from those conducted by U.S. regulators in the
spring of 2009, because Europe lacks a huge bailout 
fund like the $700 billion Troubled Asset Relief 
Program to plug any capital deficiencies found, 
CNBC said.

֤Υȥ쥹ƥȤϡ2009ǯդƹεɤԤä
ΤȤϰ㤦ΤˤʤǤΤʤС­ζԤ
ܤ7000ɥTARPץΤ褦絬
ʵߺѴ⤬衼åѤˤ¸ߤƤʤǤ

Geithner and other Treasury officials routinely cite
the U.S. stress tests, which helped open the door for
private capital to return to the banking sector, as
calming intense market turmoil caused by the
financial crisis.

֥ȥʡĹ̳νϡƹΥȥ쥹ƥȤȤ
ϡͻˤäƵ򤽤ˤääᡢ̱
֤λܤƤӶͻ˸Ƥ᤹Τ˰äΤ
롢ȤĤäƤ

Similar tests could provide more transparency into 
the European banking sector's condition and help 
boost market confidence.

ƱͤΥƥȤԤȤˤäƲζͻƩθ
夬⤿餵졢Ծοǧ뤳ȤΩĤǤ

Worries over debt holdings of European banks has
caused another big drop in bank shares this week
after the Bank of Spain seized control of a small
savings bank, CajaSur, also hitting the euro and
European government bonds. Geithner believes that
stress tests to ensure banks have adequate capital
could similarly calm European markets, CNBC said.

֥ڥԤCajaSurȤϤ߶Ԥ
֤˵ζԳʲϡζ
ԤιͭǰΤǤ롣ơ
Ȥ桼䲤ƹιĤľ⤷ȥʡ̳Ĺ
ϡԤʬʻܤͭƤȤȤ餫ˤ
褦ʥȥ쥹ƥȤäơλԾƹƱ褦
뤳ȤǤȤͤǤ

U.S. Treasury officials had no immediate comment
on the report.

ƺ̳ʤϡƻФ륳ȤϤʤ

Geithner, fresh from U.S.-China bilateral talks in 
Beijing, visits London on Wednesday to meet with
new British Chancellor of the Exchequer George
Osborne and will later meet with European Central
Bank President Jean-Claude Trichet in Frankfurt and
German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble in
Berlin.

̵ֿǤάäľȥʡ
̳Ĺϥɥ˸̳äˤʤäܡ
Ȳ̤롣θϡۤΥȥꥷȥե
󥯥եȤDz񤤡ơɥĤΥ祤֥̳äȥ٥
Dz񤦤ȤˤʤäƤ


Europe Union finance ministers unveiled stress
test results last October that were considered less 
strenuous, less extensive and less transparent than
the U.S. test. The EU exercise found that European 
banks would be able to withstand a harsh recession
and in a "worst-case" scenario, not one of the
region's 22 most important banks would see its
capital buffer slip into perilous territory.

EUκ̳äϡǯ10˥ȥ쥹ƥȤη̤
ɽΥƥȤƹΥȥ쥹ƥȤ١ۤɸ
ʤСоݤ⹭ʤƩݤƤ
äȤɾäΥƥȤη̤ϡζԤϸ
ʵˤѤ뤳ȤǤǤȡơ
ʥꥪξǤ⡢­ΰ褦
ʶԤϡϰμ22ԤΤ1ԤʤǤȡ


¾ͤ򿮤뤳ȤǤʤ롢ϡ
βʤ˽롣ʬʤǤϤޤ

ΤϤͳǤϤޤ
󡣤Ȥ⡢¾ͤΤȤʤɤ⤽ܵǿƤʤ
⡢ޡåȤλäͤ¿Ǥ

Ρ

ϥޡåȤ˻äư٤ȡ

ǤϡŪ˳ƤθϲȤ
СϡФ餯ϤεŵΥࡼɤΤʤdz
⤿ĤǤ¿ȤͤƤΤǤϤʤͽ
ۤƤ뤿ǤꡢǤСή˾ä
ԤʤȰ٤ǤʤʤΤǤ

ȤȤǤСΤäǤŤࡼɤʧ
СܼŪʤȤˤ礭ѲʤƤޡåȤ
ήϤޤѤȸ櫓ʤΤǤ


ˤƤ⡢桼Τʤˤäơ椬
Ĥ礭㲼³ƤΤǡɤϥ᥷
ȻפäƤ뤫⤷ޤ



礦Ȼפäå򤪴ꤤޤǤ⡢Ĺ
ȡʬ̱Ūפ뤳Ȥˤʤ


ȥʡ̳Ĺʤ˥ХåȤʤơȻ
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ϡꥫ¦ΰջפ̤äʤΤǤꥫˤ
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ܤι̱ˤⰦۤ򿶤ޤ褦ʤȤ⤹٤ǤϤʤΤǤ


NPR 2ʬ43áƹθ饸
May 24,2010

Japan's prime minister stunned residents of Okinawa 
over the weekend, when he went back on a
campaign promise to shrink the U.S. military
presence on the island. That made Washington
happy. The prime minister now says he'll go along
with a 2006 agreement with the U.S. that would
relocate the base to a less-crowded part of Okinawa.
Many Okinawans want the base to be removed
entirely.

ܤϡν˲ν̱äƤޤä
ϡˤƷϤ¸ߤ̾Ȥ
˴ΤΤȤƹܤФ
ϡϤΤ͸ʤ϶˰ž
Ȥ2006ǯƹȤιդ˽ȸäƤ롣¿β
ο͡ϡδϤ˲γ˻äƹԤäߤ
˾ǤΤǤ

Still, Lucy Craft reports, the issue is anything but
solved.

֤ʲ褷ƤʤLucy Craft

LUCY CRAFT: For six decades, Okinawans have
chafed at their status as repository for the U.S.
military in Japan. Their tiny island is just two percent 
of Japanese territory, but houses nearly all of 
the tens of thousands of U.S. military based in 
Japan. Hopes were high that, at long last, Prime 
Minister Yukio Hatoyama would downsize the bases. 
When Hatoyama reneged on his promise yesterday, 
the reaction on Okinawa was immediate, says
political observer Michael Chuchick(ph).

60ǯ֤ϤäƲ츩̱ϡ餬ܤˤƷν
ˤʤäƤ뤳Ȥ˲ΩФƤ롣ξϡ
ܤڤ2˲᤮ʤܤˤƷؤƤ
ƤƤΤǤ롣ȷϤ̾ƤȺǸ
κǸޤ˾ǤΤȷ«
˴ȤľȿChuchickԤϸ

Mr. MICHAEL CHUCHICK: They're furious. They were
holding up signs saying anger. They were yelling at 
the plane when it arrived, carrying the prime
minister, saying go home, go home, (Japanese
language spoken). They've had it, and now their 
hopes that a new government that had promised to 
take care of them has now betrayed them, just
leaves them on the edge of fury.

ܤäƤϡܤפȽ񤤤ץ饫ɤä
ϡ褷Ե夷Ȥ졢
ȶǤϴ˾Ƥ˾ߤ⡢
Ȥ«΢ڤäȤ顢ܤ
ѤäƤޤä

CRAFT: Prime Minister Hatoyama's announcement
not withstanding, observers are skeptical a 2006
base agreement between Washington and Tokyo will
go through.

֤ȷȯɽˤ⹴餺Ԥƹܤ
ܤդ2006ǯƤɤˤʤȤϻפäƤ

Mr. CHUCHICK: In the implementation period when
actual land surveys have to happen or dump trucks
have to drive through Okinawan villages, you're
going to see a lot of protests. You're going to see a
lot of people sitting down in the middle of the road
and it's just going to be a total mess for as far out as
we can see.

Ϥ¬̤Ԥ줿ꡢץȥåԤ褦ˤʤ
С絬ϤȿбưǤ¿οͤƻο
˺¤ꤳ褦ʸʤܤˤϤǤꡢ纮˴٤Ǥ

CRAFT: A concentration of U.S. military in southern
Japan is all the more grating for Okinawans because
Japan's population is in decline. Vast areas of Japan
now stand most empty. Chuchick says the noise,
pollution and crime associated with American bases
makes them a hard sell anywhere else in the
country.

Ʒܤ˽椹뤳Ȥϡ츩̱ˤȤä
ס˾뤳ȤˤʤäƤ롣Τʤܤο͸ϸ
ˤ뤫ͤǤʤϰ褬¸ߤƤ
ȤΤ˲ΤȤȤǤ롣Ⱥᡢ
ȤƷδϤˤդʪǤꡢΤϤ
줵뤳ȤǤʤʤäƤΤǤChuchickϸ

Mr. CHUCHICK: We have a NIMBY problem - not in
my backyard. No matter where you go in Japan,
nowhere are U.S. forces welcome.

֤ˤNIMBY꤬ΤĤޤꡢʬβȤ΢ˤ
ǧʤȡǻߤȤȤܤΤɤ˹ԤȤ⡢
򴿷ޤȤʤɤʤΤ

CRAFT: Despite his plunging popularity, Prime
Minister Hatoyama and his party are expected to
hang on to power. But the Okinawan debacle,
observers say, has suddenly
changed the whole
calculus underlying the 50-year-old U.S.-Japan
security alliance and there's no going back.

ȷ̱ޤϡٻΨε޹߲ˤ⹴餺κ
ˤ³ȸƤ롣Ǥ缺Ԥϡ
50ǯޤƱκˤä׻ˡѤ뤳
ȤˤʤäƤޤäơ⤦ꤹ뤳ȤϤʤǤ


PBSƹθΥ˥塼ȤǤ

Japan's Premier: U.S. Base to Stay at Okinawa
Due Partly to Korean Tensions
By: Larisa Epatko

May 24,2010

Japan's Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama said Monday
he has given up on efforts to find an alternative
location for a controversial U.S. airbase on the island
of Okinawa, and that tensions on the Korean
peninsula helped him reach his decision.

ܤȷͳϡˤʤäƤ벭
ϤΰžõϤߤ뤳ȤˤȽҤ٤īȾ
ˤĥιޤ꤬η˴ͿȤҤ٤

After searching for a new site in Japan for six
months, Hatoyama said he would honor a 2006
agreement with the United States to keep the U.S.
Marine Corps Air Station Futenma on Okinawa, but
move it from its current location in a crowded city to
a more remote
part of the island, despite strong local
opposition.

6ֹǰžõ塢ϡ2006ǯƹȤι
ա¨ŷ֤γʼδϤݻơȤϤ
äƤ⡢ߤλԳϤƱˤϤ˰ž
ƤǡϸȿФƤƤ˽ȽҤ٤


"I decided that it is of utmost importance that we
place the Japan-U.S. relationship on a solid footing
of mutual trust, considering the situation on the
Korean peninsula and in Asia," he said, reported The
Guardian. "I apologize from the bottom of my heart
for the confusion I have caused the people of
Okinawa."

īȾڤӥξͤС߿ζǤ
פ˴ŤƤδطǤפʤΤǤȽǤ
Ҥ٤ȡǥ󤸤롣ο͡Ф
Ȥ򿴤餪ͤӤϸäȡ

Last week, South Korea released the results from
a multinational investigation into the March sinking
of one of its naval vessels that concluded it was
caused by a North Korean torpedo, ratcheting up
tensions in the region.

轵ڹϡ3˵פϡīε
ˤΤǤȤ롢ʣˤĴ̤ȯɽ
ϰǶĥʤȹޤäƤ

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, during a visit
to Beijing on Monday, praised Hatoyama for making
"the difficult but never-the-less correct decision."

֥ҥ꡼ȥ̳Ĺϡ̵ںǤä
Ǥ뤬ȽǤԤäȤȷ˫Τ

According to a Wall Street Journal article, the
negative response to Hatoyama's decision could
further erode public opinion of his eight-month-old
government ahead of national elections in July.

֥륹ȥ꡼ȥ㡼ʥˤСȷηФ
Ūȿ顢ޤƤ8ˤʤʤ
ٻΨ7λıˤƤ⤳Ȥ⤢Ȥ
Ƥ

More than half the 47,000 U.S. troops stationed in
Japan are in Okinawa.

ܤαƤ47ͰʾƷʼΤΤȾʾ
αƤ

 


NY Times
May 23,2010

Japan Relents on U.S. Base on Okinawa

TOKYO — Reneging on a prominent campaign
promise, Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama told
outraged residents of Okinawa on Sunday that an
American air base would be moved only to the north
side of the island rather than off the island.

ȷͳ˴ܤ궸츩̱
ƷϤγǤϤʤ˰ž
ȤˤʤȽҤ٤

The announcement, a victory for the Obama
administration and a humiliating setback for Mr.
Hatoyama, confirmed what the Japanese media had
been reporting for weeks: that he would accept
Washington’s demands to honor a 2006 agreement to
move the United States Marine Air Station Futenma
to the island’s less populated north.

֥ХˤȤäƤϾǤꡢȷˤȤäƤ϶
̤ǤȤ٤ȯɽϡܤΥǥ⤦֤
Ϥä󤸤ƤΤǧȤʤäϡ2006ǯ
ꡢĤޤꡢƷʼŷִϤο͸ʤ
ϰ˰žȤդ٤ǤȤ亮
ȥ׵ΤǤ

Irate crowds greeted his arrival on Okinawa on
Sunday with bright yellow signs that said “Anger,”
and showered him with jeering cries of “Go home!”
And in Tokyo, opposition leaders and even members
of his own governing coalition assailed him for having
turned
the relocation into a huge political issue, only
to go back to the original agreement.

Ǥܤäޤܤ
񤫤줿Υץ饫ɤϵ졪ȶǤ
Ǥϡޤ޼ϢΩդΥСǤ顢
ž礭ˤФ꤫Ƥ˵
ȤդΩƤ

While defending his decision on strategic grounds, 
Mr. Hatoyama conceded that it was “heartbreaking,”
and offered the islanders his “heartfelt apology
for causing much confusion.”

ȷϡɱҾͳ鼫ȽǤ۸ĤĤ⡢IJ
λפȤơȤ򿴤ꤪͤӤ
̱˽Ҥ٤

Mr. Hatoyama’s historic election victory last August, 
ending a half-century of nearly unbroken Liberal
Democratic Party leadership, had raised concerns
in Washington that Japan would withdraw support for
American priorities like the war in Afghanistan. He
had opposed the war in Iraq, spoken out against
American-led globalization and, after decades of 
reflexive Japanese support for American policies,
promised to redefine Tokyo’s relationship with
Washington as an “equal partnership.”

ȷΡǯ8ŪξϡȾϤ
ؤѤ뤳ȤΤʤäͳ̱ޤλۤ˽𤲤
Ȥˤʤꡢ亮ȥ˷ǰƤܤ
˥Ǥ襤Τ褦ФϤƹٻ
Ȥ򤷤ʤʤΤǤϤʤȡϡ饯ȿФ
ꥫƳ륰ХꥼˤȿФ
ơǯˤˤäƹٻƤǡ
ϡȥ亮ȥδطʥѡȥʡåפˤ
ΤȤƹͤľ«ΤǤä

The concrete symbol of that new relationship was his
vow to move the Marine airfield off Okinawa, home
to nearly half of the 50,000 United States military
personnel in Japan, or even out of the country. While
the promise was popular in some quarters, especially
on Okinawa, where relations with the Marines have
been tense since three American servicemen raped a
12-year-old girl there in 1995, keeping it was
another matter.

֤οطζŪʾڤʼδϤγ
˰žȤǤäΤϡܤˤ
5ͤƷʼΤȾʬαǤ롣«
ϡˤƤä˿͵äǤϡ1995ǯ
12Фξ쥤פ郎Ƥơ줬̤
ƤΤǤ

Once in power, facing a nuclear-armed North Korea
and an increasingly assertive China, Mr. Hatoyama
gave greater weight to the risk of damaging Japan’s
critical security
alliance with the United States. But
his efforts to seek some kind of accommodation
proved politically damaging, fueling a perception of
indecisiveness that could still
bring down his
government.

˽ȡīסŪˤʤ
ľ̤ȷƹȤƱطˤ餷Ƥޤ
ΰžõȤ԰٤Ūˤϥ᡼
ͿΤǡͥǤǤȤݤ򶯤Ƥޤ
ʤٻΨ㲼ⵯ

Ultimately, Washington’s insistence that Tokyo honor
the 2006 agreement to move Futenma and its noisy
helicopters to a new base in Camp Schwab, near the
northern Okinawan
fishing village of Henoko, won
out.

ֺǽŪˡŷ֤η㤷إꥳץŤȤ
ˤ륭ץ֤˰žȤ2006ǯ
դܤ٤Ȥ亮ȥμĥ
ΤǤ

Visiting Okinawa for the second time this month, Mr.
Hatoyama said that since taking office, he had
learned to appreciate the role that the Marines play
as a deterrent in the region, and that Okinawa was
the most strategic location for them. As if to
underscore that point, he made the announcement
on a day the region was grappling with a response to
the sinking of a South Korean warship.

ֺ2ܤˤʤ벭ˬ䤷ơȷϡǤ賤
ʼ⤬ϰ޻Ϥˤʤ뤳ȤؤȽҤ٤Ƥ
ϼʬˤȤäάŪ˺ǤפʾǤȤ
ȤؤȡΤȤĴ뤫Τ褦ˡϰ褬
ڹפηǤäˤʤäƤȤˡȯ
ɽԤäΤǤ

“We came to the conclusion that we have to ask local
residents to accept the base in an area near
Henoko,” he said during a meeting with Okinawa’s
governor.

ŤμդˤƴϤƤ餦ȤϤ
͡ˤꤤʤФʤʤȤãϲ
츩λȤβ̤ǽҤ٤

He also said he had opted for the original plan of
moving the base to Camp Schwab in order to hasten
its move from the middle of the city of Ginowan,
where residents have long complained.

Ϥޤ̱ĹФƤ뵹ѻ
濴ΰž뤿ˤϡץ֤˰ž
ȤƤ򤷤ȤҤ٤

After the meeting, Gov. Hirokazu Nakaima said only,
“It is regrettable that he built up our expectations 
over the past half year.”

ֲ̤θ塢λϡȾǯִԤ
ȤϻǰȤҤ٤

But other local leaders vowed to fight the decision,
raising the specter of protests that could further
delay construction of the new base and cause more
political embarrassment to Mr. Hatoyama and his
party.

֤¾ޤ޼󤿤ϡηȿФ
ĤޤꡢȿбưޤСϤηߤ٤餻뤳Ȥ
ǤȷޤФס᡼Ϳ뤳Ȥ
ǽǤ롢ȡ

While the Obama administration appeared to prevail
over Mr. Hatoyama, analysts have warned that the
victory could prove a hollow one, especially if
Washington’s insistence on the original agreement is
seen here as an effort to lord it over a weaker ally.
However, for now, opinion polls suggest most
Japanese back their nation’s security alliance with the
United States.

֥ХȷΤ褦˸뤬
ξ϶ʤΤǤʤ⤷ʤȥʥꥹȤ
ٹ𤹤롣äˡ亮ȥΤƤ˹夤Ʊ
˿ʬᤫƤ褦˸ΤǤС
ΤȤĴη̤ϡؤɤܹ̱ƹȤ
ƱطٻȤƤ

Since taking office last September, Mr. Hatoyama
has failed to take a clear stand on the issue, at times
saying he wanted the base off Okinawa, but at other 
times saying he wanted to heed Washington’s
concerns.

ֺǯ9Ǥ塢ȷϡ˴ؤΤ
뤳Ȥ˼ԤƤˤϡγ˰ž
ޤˤϡƹηǰˤϼߤ٤
ȸä

This apparent flip-flopping fed criticism of Mr.
Hatoyama as indecisive and aloof. There is growing
speculation among political observers that he may be
forced to step down if his Democrats fare poorly in
Upper House elections scheduled for July 11.

֤ΤȸȤѤͥǤǤꡢ褽
褽ȤȽ711λı襤餱
뤳ȤˤǤʤСϼǤȤ
Ƥ

Washington and Tokyo first agreed to relocate the
base in 1996, after the schoolgirl was raped, but the
move was delayed as Japan struggled to find another
community to accept it.

֥亮ȥϡ1996ǯ˽ƴϰž˴ؤƹդ
Ͼ쥤פ줿ΤȤžϡž
õȤκ񤵤Τ٤Ƥ

Helped by offers from Tokyo of generous public
works projects, the city of Nago, where Camp
Schwab is located, finally agreed to host the
replacement base. In January, however, the city’s
pro-base mayor was defeated by an opponent
who was against the base and who rode a wave of
voter expectations that it would be moved off
Okinawa.

Ĥޤܤ֤θȤԤȤƤ
Ȥˤꥭץ֤̾ԤǽŪ˰ž
˹դΤ1˴ϼɤλĹ
ȿɤθԤ졢ơϤγ˰ܤ뤫
⤷ʤȤԤޤäΤǤ

In a meeting on Sunday, Nago’s new mayor, Susumu
Inamine, told a grim-faced Mr. Hatoyama that he
was not welcome. After the meeting, the mayor
denounced Mr. Hatoyama as
“betraying” his city and
Okinawa. He warned that local opposition meant that
“there is zero chance” of the base being built.

νˤ̾ԤοĹǤϡ
ȷФơϴޤʤȽҤ٤̤
Ĺϡȷ̾ԤȲ΢ڤäƤȽҤ٤
ơϸȿФ뤫ˤϡϷߤ¹Ԥ˰ܤǽ
ϤʤȤȤȷٹ𤷤

“I cannot hide my rage,” Mr. Inamine said. “Nago
needs no new base.”

ܤ򱣤ȤϤǤʤ̾ˤϿϤɬפǤϤ
ȰϽҤ٤


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ޤ
Ǥ⡢Ȥϻפޤ󤫡

Τˤοͤ͡ȸƤФۤɤοͤǤ顢Qͤ
˰äȤΤϻ¤ǤǤϤοͤϡǽ
鳧٤ĤäΤǤ礦

ϡϻפޤ󡣤οͤϡŷ֤򸩳˰
žȻפäΤǤϤʤǤ礦λפ
¦ˤϼʤäȡäǤϤʤä
ΤǤ礦

ĤޤꡢȷŷִϤ򸩳˰žȻפä
ϤΤȤȡμ¸θ̤äȤ
Сϲʤäȡ󥸤ɸ֤뤯餤ΥХ
Τ顢ƹ˿Ф龯äʹƤȾ
˴ŤƤ˲᤮ʤäȤȤʤΤǤ

ǤϡΥꥫʹ⤿ʤäΤ

ϡŤθ԰ƤäƤǤΤˡ
ͳʤ̤ξ˰žƤȸƤšȡ

ˤ⤷ʿФƤޤС뤽
ʳδϤ⸩˰žߤȸΤܤ
Ƥ롢ȡʴŤԤ¦ͿƤϤʤ
ȡ

ˡȷΥץλⵤʤäȡ
˽ǤľȷϡꥫäǤ
ˤʤꤿȸޤȯܿͤˤʤ
ǤΥꥫ餹СΤˡšȡ

ޤȷϤޤ֤褯ǧƤʤȤ
ǡꥫ¦ȤƤϻޤȤ򤷤ʤääǤ

ꥫ¦ȤƤϸ˰ž뵤ʤʤȡ
ꥫΰջפŪ˲դΤ⡢̤ʤΤš
ȡ顢äȷιư򸫼뤳Ȥˤȡ

ԤäƤŸϤʤϤǤǼ
ƤȤȤϤʤǤ

ȷϺʤˤ櫓ˤ⤤ʤäȡ
ʤƤȷɤϡ¸Τ˴ήƴĥ
äƤѤ̱˼äȡĤޤꡢХ
ȻؤääƤѤƥӤǤƤ餤äȡ

ʺ˾륪ХΤǤϤʤäΤǤ
ʤȤ򤷤ƤˤʤɤʤȡषХΤȤ
ϡ¤ľ뤷ʤȷ˲ΩФ櫓Ǥ
ޤԤƤФΤȡ

ˡꥫ¦ȤƤϤޤޤʥɤͭƤ櫓
Ĥޤꡢ¦ξʤȴ֡ˡܹ
ȴñˤǤƤޤ

ȷֳؤ٤гؤ֤ˤĤϢӤ޻Ϥݻ
ǤȤפ˻äפʤƸޤϤǤ
ʤΤǤʤȺǽ餫ʬäƤΤǤब
ʬäΤϡؤ٤гؤ֤ˤĤꥫä򤹤
ʤ̵ȤȤʬäȡꥫ¦Ϥʥ
ɤäƤ롢ȡСäƤ뤷̵ͭ
ʱƶܤ˵ڤܤȤǤ롢ȡ¦
ڤ뤳ȤǤ륫ɤȸСؤɲʤ

־ѤʡסΤꡢˤʤ餺
褫äʡסִڹȤδ֤ǤƤϤɤʤäƤ
ΤסȤδ֤ǤƤ꤬äʡס֥
西路Ƥ褦ʡ

󡢤ʤȤ򥢥ꥫäɤγξڤ
櫓ǤϤޤ󡣤Ǥ⡢ʤȤʤƤ⡢㤨С
ʤȤ⥢ꥫΤäƤΤ衢ȾǤĤ֤䤯
ϥӥӤäƤޤǤ9.11ʹƲİ
뤳Ȥǧ줿Ǥ

ʤ˸˸ޤµˤʤä
ޤäȤޤ͡ǡοꤲФȡ
ϡȥꥢǥ֥åΤȲ̤Ԥ
ľνǤ¦ηǤ⤿⤿Ƥ
äǤ

פˡꥫˤϤꡢܤˤϤʤȡ

ȷ5¤ȤȸäΤϡ¤ϥꥫ
蘆줿ΤǤ֥ȥ饹ȡߡ⤤ɡޤԤ
ФΤפȡơƤΤʬäƤƤⲭ
˹ԤäΤϡ֤Ȳθ̱˷衪פȥ
ꥫ¦줿ԤäȤȤʤΤǤ

ʤΤˡܤΥޥߤϥꥫ¦ΤȤˤؤɸڤ뤳
Ȥʤȷζ򤫤ФĴ櫓ʤΤǤ

ܤΥޥߤˤˤȤ򥢥ꥫ˰ƤȤ
ȤΤ褦Ǥ

ꥫ¦ȴۤϤĹֱڤƤ
ĤƤ⡢ƥӤǤؤɲ󤸤ƤޤǤ͡
󡢤ΤǤ


ϰž򹪤褹뤿ˤϡꥫ¦δΩ
ƤĤġäάŪ˻򱿤֤ȤɬפäΤǤ


פˤޤ̱ϤߤʤΤʡȻפäå
ꤤޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

롼ޥ󶵼ˤĤƼҤ٤Ƥޤ

ꥫꥷΤ褦ˤʤ뤫⤷ʤȤͤ
ƤʤȡषꥫܤΤ褦˥ǥե˴٤ǽ
롢ȡȤСषʵɷɬפʤΤǤϤ
ȡ

ʲ롼ޥΰոǤ

ڶ䤹٤ǤϤʤȤ羧Ƥ
椬ϥꥷǤϤʤǤϤʤ椬ϱס
ܤ˻ƤƤΤ

֤ηкĴϡ뤳Ȥ濴ơޤˤʤäƤ
ɤϤ᤮ǤϤʤΤȡٽФߤ٤
롢ȡꥷ㤬ȡ

ơƹĤ꤬ƭɬޡåȤäȺ
ֻ˵ۤ褦׵ᤷƤڤȤե줬
ޤǺäƤȷٹ⤢ꡢޤϢϴ
ᡢиάꤹ٤Ȥٹ⤢롣Ϣ䤬񻺤
ѤԤΰ夲Ԥ٤ȡ

Ǥϡ1930ǯʹߤεϿŪȤ⤤뼺ΨϤɤ
٤ʤΤ˸ѤȤϤͻ
800ο줿ˤ⹴餺ޤ
50˲᤮ʤ

¤ϡɼԤϤ᤮ǤϤʤȤȤष­
ʤΤǡȤˤСƹϥꥷ㷿
԰¤˸äƤΤǤϤʤܤΡּ줿10ǯפ
äƤΤ⼺ȤĹ櫤ˤϤޤäּ줿
10ǯפ

褺ˤĤƹͤ褦

ǯ٤徺̤ä٤Ȥ
桹ϡľֻ︺˼Ȥȸ줿
ϻä㲼ֺǶǤϡ3
˹Ĥ꤬3.6󤫤4ؤȾ徺Ȥꡢ
Ȥʤäּڶζݤ夲פȤΤ
ȥ꡼ȤθФǤäºݤˤǤäȤ
ϲʤΤ

ʹ߶ϤޤƤ롣ߤǡ10ǯ
ʪĤ3.3ȤʤäƤ롣ϡƶ
ƤΤϡƹκ˴ؤڴѼޤäƤ
ȤȿǤΤȸ餤ΤˤȻפ
ϡʵ̤˴ؤιޤȿǤΤ˲᤮
ȤΤ˥ꥹι⤤Τ
̤ʤΤƳϲĤؤ
ϰʤΤȤʤ롣

ˤΤϲϡĤˤϡ
κ𤬤롣ϸƤ褦ʺֻȤ
طʤϡΥ꡼̲ߤ
ǤƤʤ񡹤˥桼Ȥ̲ߤ򲡤դ
ȤǤդ٤ФƤ롣ȯɽˤʤ
ʪؿοӤ1̤Ȥʤꡢ44ǯ֤㤵Ȥ
ä

϶ä٤ȤǤϤʤΤʤСȼԤ̤¸
ߤƲ¸ߤ褦ʾǤʪ㲼
ͽۤ뤫

ʪǥեˤʤȡ͡ϤȤΤǤϤʤ
סߤ褦Ȥ뷹ʤꡢʵʤ롣ơ
ʤбסǥե줬󤯤ʤ롣ΰ۴Ĥ϶ʽξ
äǤϤʤ1990ǯ˥ǥե櫤Ȥäܤι̱ʹ
ƤߤФŪ˲Ȥ⤢äޤ
ȴФʤǤΤƱȤꥫǤⵯ
Τ

顢桹ʤФʤȤϡ桹ꥷ
Τ褦ˤʤäƤޤȤȤǤϤʤɤܤΤ褦
ˤʤʤƤѤफȤȤǤ롣

ϡϢδطԤΤʤˤϡƹܤ;ˤƤ
Ƥꡢʵ򲼻٤뤿ˤäȤʤȤǤФ
ΤˤȹͤƤͤΤǤϤʤȻפº
餬Ǥ뤳ȤϤȤС1930ǯΥХ󥫡Ʊ
褦ˡƱνեˤʤ뤳Ȥ򶲤뤢ޤͻ
ΰ뤳Ȥ˥ȥåפ򤫤뤳Ȥ餤ʤΤ
ΥΥߥȤΤʤˤ⤵ʤкѻɷǤäƽ
ȹͤƤԤΤȹͤ롣ϡ
ɲúϡֻ˶IJȿФΩ뤳
ȤϤʤȤʬäƤΤ

פˡ桹ϡΤʤݿΤδ
н褹뤳Ȥ˸ƤΤǤ롣

ǰλ֤ΤǤ

ɬ⤽ʤȤϸ¤ʤ¿ʬޤǤ˼줿֤
դʵΧƻФȤ⤢Τ
ʤäߤȴꤦꤤϴꤤˤײ
ϤʤΤ

 


ǥեİȤΰոΤä顢ΤȤȡ
ΤǤ礦͡

Τˡꥫ˺եζϤʤ⤷ޤ󡣤
ȤäƲޤǤ⥼³ƤΤ
Ķº³³ۤɤޤХ֥뤬ꤽ
ƤھǤ顣



Ĥܤ򰭤ܤΤ褦ˤΤϻߤߤȻפ
å򤪴ꤤޤƤⶵϸήФߤ
ƤˤߤȤ⤪ꤤޤ
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͵blog󥭥󥰤

Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

Ǥѹμ̾äƲѹǤ
夬ޤ⤦̾褦
ʤäǤ礦

ִʤʬɡš

餬ʬǤ礷Τ⤷ޤ

̾ϡǡӥåɡ

ǡοˤʤäϡ®ޤ
˥ե󥹤ɥĤˬƤ褦ǤšɥĤΥ륱
ϡǾ̸ˡֳ桼˶̣äƤ
ȯ󤸤Ƥޤ

ֶ̣äƤפȤϰΤɤȤʤΤǤ礦

桼ٻȤ桼˾ޤȤ
桼ϼʬפˤʤȤΤǤФ褯ʬ
ΤȤС桼¤Ƥ뤫顣

Ĥޤꡢ;ˤ®ԡɤǥ桼¤ȡϥ
ˤȤäƤ˾ޤȤǤϤʤȡ桼βͤ㲼
ϡ桼μΤ̣뤫ȡ

졢⿴ϥɥ뤬ˤ䤫˼夯ʤΤ˾ߤʤ⡢޷
˥ɥ¤Ȼܤƨ򤬵ƤޤΤǡɥ
ٻȤޤDz٤ȯƤꥫιͤȶ
Τޤ

ɥĤե󥹤⤽ʳEU⡢⿴ǤϤ⤦
¤Ƥ⡢ष륫ȡʤС͢Ф
Ӥ뤷šΰǤޤˤ޷ʥ桼¤
ȡ԰¤浯Ƥޤ顢ϲ򤷤ʤФʤʤȡ

ˤƤ⡢륱ϡֶ̣פ˸
Τ
ˡ֤ߤʤפȤΤïؤΤ
Ȥβ̤θ˸äǤ顢ѹ⶯桼
˶̣ȸäΤ

Ǥϡˤ褦󤸤Ƥޤ


Britain's new prime minister and Germany's
chancellor agreed Friday that a stable euro is in the
interest of all Europeans-even nonmembers-but
disagreed on how much regulation the markets can
stand.

ֱѹοȥɥĤμ϶ˡꤷ桼ϥ
ޤ᤿ƤEUפǤȤ
Ȥ˹դޡåȤɤٵ٤Ȥ
ĤƤϰոʬ줿

Ϥϡinterest ȤΤ̣ȤȤΤ褦Ǥ
͡Ǥ⡢̣ȤؿǤȤפǤȸ
ƤʤỌ̇̄褯ޤ

Τ褦ʵ⸫Ĥޤ


 Prime Minister David Cameron said Britain needs the
euro to remain stable but ruled out EU treaty 
changes that would transfer any powers from London
to Brussels.

֥ǡӥåɡϡ桼³Ƥ뤳
Ȥѹ˾ǤȽҤ٤¤ɥ󤫤֥å
ذܹԤ褦EUѹˤĤƤϤʤ

‘Britain is not a member of the euro nor are we
likely to become a member of the euro, but we want
a strong and stable euro zone,’

ֱѹϥ桼βǤϤʤޤʤꤽʤ
ưꤷ桼˾Ǥ

‘That is where 50% of our trade goes and it is in our
interests that that takes place.’

֤ϲ桹͢Ф50󤬸桼Ǥ뤳Ȥ
桹פˤʤΤǤ

 

桼˾ȸʤ⡢Τ褦˥륱ȥ
Ǥ򤬰㤦ȤȤʬäȻפ
ǤǤϡΤΤ褦˥桼¤ƤΤ

ϡLIBORεƭɽƤȤߤƤ褤Ǥ礦

ФΥȥå׵ϡֲԴֶ徺פȤ
ޤǯäƤ3ܤޤǤϡ3LIBOR
ϡۤ0.25դǿܤƤΤǤʹߤϤ
Ⱦ徺Ϥۤ0.50ˤޤãƤȤΤǤ

ΡLIBOR夬Τ

LIBORȤΤϡ󥿡Х󥯤Τߤڤˤ
ؤޤĤޤꡢⷫ;͵ΤԤ;͵Τ
Ԥûͻ̤ƤޡåȤˤơ
ƭƤΤǤ

Τ

ʤΤǤζԤϥꥷȤɤȤι
ͭƤ뤫ŤʤƱ򤷹äơŵˤʤ
ƤޤäƤΤǤƤη̡⤤󼨤Ƥ
ʤȤͻ̤Ǥޤ衢ȤȤˤʤäƤΤ

Ĥޤꡢ桼¤ƤΤϡζԤηбƤ
ǰȯƤ뤳ȤɽȤȤǤ礦


Ǥ⡢桼¤ʤС衼åѤηкĹˤϥץ饹
ƯȤ¤ǤΤǤ



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