кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2011ǯ01

ܹĤγʲˤĤƴؿ򽸤Ƥޤ

ϡĤγʲˤĤơ֤ȤˤĤ¤Τǡšפȸ
ޤǧϡˤϡΤʤäפȸ٤ȡ

Ǥ⡢٤褦ǤšΤʤäΤǤ礦

ޤˤƤĤʲˤʤȡɤƤǰϤޤȤΤʤ
ǤĤޤꡢǤߤʤʤȻפ褦ˤʤ롢ȡ

ΰǡޥǼʤȤ⤢ΤǤ

ϡդҤʲꤷͳˤĤƤǤпʹˤϡS&P
¦ιͤҲ𤵤ƤǤθФϡŸ˾פȽ񤤤Ƥ

3ǯ֤3˾ʤȹ򥳥ȥǤʤܤ٤ΤΤ
Ʒˤϥͥƥ֤ƯƤפȤäƤΤǤ

Τ˺Ʒ¸Ǥ뤫ɤϡȤΰջ֤礭¸뤳Ȥְ㤤
Ǥ礦Ǥ⡢ͤƤߤϡǤؤδĶ򤹤뤿˴Ϳ
ä˵ѤȤ櫓Ǥ

ιưٻ뤫ɤ̤Ȥơդϩ˶ŤĤĤ
뤳Ȥϴְ㤤ʤȡ

ä顢ɤƹĤγʲʤΤ

ɤޤ󡣳դҤȤƤϡäȰ㤦ͳ̤˽Ф٤ǤϤʤ
äΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢äܹĤγդϰ줿ǤšǤϡ
ιĤϤɤʤäƤ뤫ȤСʤϾ徺ĤޤĹϤष
ƤȤΤǤ轵١㴳㲼ư1.2%򲼲äȡ

ǯθȾˤƤϡ10ǯʪĤϰ1%򲼲äƤȤ⤢äΤ
2֤ۤɤϡ㳰Ūư򼨤Ȥ⤢ޤ1.2%
οˤäʤΤǤ

ޡåȤ͡ʻȿǤưǤ顢ŪʤȤ򤤤
ȤϤǤʤȤϤΤΡγʲˤĤơޡåȤ̤˽ʽȤª
ƤʤȤȤΤ褦ʤΤǤ

ֳʲˤʤޤ

̤ˡš

ƤʤΤǤ礦

դҤϡɤʻפǥޡåȤưįƤΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢ĺ̳äΥȤĺޤְֲ̱͡Ҥɾš

ֲ̱ҤȤϤäƤ⡢ƹܡSEC)ΤդդҤιԤդ
äơԤڷҤܵҸ˼ɾȤϰ㤦̣ͭ櫓Ǥ顣
ˡܤȤƤ⡢դҤˤȾ󶡤ƤǤ顣
⤷¤ΤʤäȤС줳¤Ǥ͡פȸ


դҤ虜虜ܹĤγդ򤹤ɬפΤȻפä
å򤪴ꤤפޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ijʲΥ˥塼빽ܤӤƤޤޤԲIJб֤ƶ
ƤǤ礦

ֻ¤Τš

Ϥʤơ¿οͤפäƤǤ

ϡ̣ʬʤΤǤȯ򤹤뿿դ

¤ȼФƤΤǤ礦Ǥ⡢Υ꡼Ǥ顢ˤפä
Ƥ⡢򤽤Τޤ޸ˤ뤳ȤϤʤǤ礦ϡݷкѤ˴ؤ뤳ȤˤϤ
κݿŤȯɬפ뤫ȡ˻פäƤΤǤ礦Ǥ⡢ä顢
˹ԤʤƻפʤǤ礦

ɤ⤪

ĤγʲԤȤϡäƤΤǤϤʤ

Ĥγʲꤵ줿ȤФơΤäƤޤפȤʤ֤
ǤפȤʤֳʲꤷƲפȤΤޤäƤ
ǡ

ϡܤԤͿͤΤ¹ä˿Ǥ
⡢ͤǤ

ϤȤơǤϡ椬ϺɤФΤˤͤƤ餤
ȻפʤΤǤ

ĤγʲԤ졢IMFΰΤ⡢ƹκ̳Ĺ⡢ܤϾǤΰ
夲äɤʤɤȸǤ

ǤϡκݾǤ夲٤

ϡͭϤȻפäƤޤ䤬ˤΤϡȤ
ξθưȤȤȤʤΤǤ

Ϳ鷺ȤˤǥեæѤ򶫤ֿ͡β¿Ȥ

̱ˤ⡢ǥեæѵϢȤΤޤšˤջΤߤʤ
⥤եɸѤʤɤȸäƤޤ͡
⤽Ȥǥե줫
æѤȤȤĴƤʤΤǤ

ϡΡǤ夲ơμڶ⤬ʤʸ餹ǤϤޤ
ˤ褦ˤˤĤơɤͤΤȤȤ䤤ΤǤ

˹μڶĹ䤵ʤ褦ˤ뤿ˤϡǯ٤οĤȯԳۤ
ˤʤȤޤ󤬡¸뤿ˤϡǯ40߰ʾκ⸻DZ
ɬפꡢ¸ǽؤɤʤȸäƤǤ礦

¿ʬ¿ͤϡΤ褦˸ΤǤϤʤǤ礦

֥ǥե줫æѤϤͥ衪ơηɬס

ǤΤ˾ǤǤ夲СˤĤƥǥե줫
æѤλϱΤΤǤϤʤǤ礦ǡդˡǥե줫æѤΤˡҤɤ
ʤɤޤảưСμڶϱס롢ȡ

ñ˸СɤäƻҤɤۤʤ顢μڶ򸺤餹ȤʤɤǤΤ
ȤȤʤΤǤ

¾ˤͯƤΤǤ

٤Ϸܻؤء

ܻؤΤϷ빽ޤȤǰƬ֤ƤȤɬפȤ
Τʬޤ

Ǥϡɤɸ֤Τ

Ƕκϡǯ40ߤĶ褦ʿĤȯԤʤǤϤ꤯꤬Ǥʤ
ˤʤäƤʤΤǤޤĤλĹϡ10ǯ֤ǯʿ30߼ۤ
ƤǤ

Ĥޤꡢڶ⤬ʤ褦ˤ褦ȤǤǯ30ߤȤ40ߤο
ȯԤߤɬפФƤȤȤǤޤǤΤȤ¸褦ȤΤ
ȤǤ

Ǥ⡢ҹ𲽤ǰǯѤϿФꡣĤޤꡢ̵̤κ︺ȤϤäƤ⡢
ǤϤȤƤбǤǤʤ30ߤȤ40ߤκ⸻DZФϤǤʤ
ȡ

ѤƤѤǤϡǤ1%夲2ߤǼޤ
ȤʤΤǡ30ߤ򸫹ȤС15%ǤɬפˤʤꡢΤȤ
˾Ψ20%ˤʤȤȤʤΤǤ40ߤۤɤκ⸻ɬפǤȤ
ΤǤС25%˰夲뤳Ȥɬפȡ

ޤäƵޤ˼䤷ʤޤ͡Ψ20%Ȥ25%ˤʤʤơ

졢ᤤáǤʤɤ򺹤ǯ300ߤäȤ顢
Ψ25%ξˤ75ߤǤħƤޤǤߤ5%Ǥꡢ15
ħƤΤ60ߤ褻롢ȡޤ10%˾Ǥ
ȤQŪˤƤ⡢15ߤǤɲŪ˲ݤ뤳ȤˤʤǤ

Ϳ󤿤ϡɤޤǤȤΤǤ礦

Ǥ夬ȤϤַˤ⤦̵졪

ȤȤϡǤäƤ⡢ڶ³ǤȤȤǤǡ
ФǤڶ⤬Τޤ褦ȤơϩʤС̱
ȿȯ롢ȡ

ǤϡκݡäƤ

餻ϩWhatever will be, will be

 äƤȡȤΤդҤIMFʹƤߤΤΤǤ

ֺþơեˤʤ뤾

ޤȤʤΤǤþơĤ椯ˤʤäƤޤ⤷ʤ

̱ϻפΤǤĤ椯ˤʤäƤˤڤʤäƹĤʤ󤫻
äƤʤǤ⥤եޤޤ

Ǥ⡢եˤʤФʤäǡ̱褬Ѥ˶줷ʤΤϤΤȤʤΤǤ
㤤ͤϷиʤǤ礦Ԥο͡ϥեζθƤǤ

ʪǯ20Ȥ30夬뤫⤷ޤ󡣤ǤΤǤ礦

ǡ̱ϻפǤʾιϤ㲼»򤹤Τϡͻ񻺤äƤ
ͤǡ¶ؤɤʤʬˤϱƶʤ

ˤǤ礦

ʪ夬ꡢˤĤƵ夬ФΤǤϤʤ櫓Ǥ
˵Ͼ夬ʤΤˡʪǯ30%夬äȤСޤ300ߤ
Ƥͤϡ390ߤεʤȺޤǤ褬ݻǤʤȤˤʤǤ
Ʊ褦˵300ߤΤޤޤȤСšĤޤꡢ300÷390
0.769ȤȤϡबޤǤ23ۤ뤳Ȥ;ʤ롢ȡ

ɡե줬С̱ѤʵȤȤʤΤǤ

Ǥե줬ŪȿǤ礦

ȤС桹ܻؤƻϡǤ⤽ե⤽ܻؤ
ȤȤǤϤʤǤ礦

˶ᤤǤ»ܤˤƤ⡢ʤäǤΤϤޤ
󡣾ľ夲褦ʹפкѤˤڤǤΤǤ


ǤեȻפå򤪴ꤤޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ɡɡץܹĤγʲ򤷤ȯɽޤ

֤ʤǤͤ󡪡פȵפޤǤ

⡢פޤäơܿͤʤΡʬιɾäơï֤
ΤǤ

֤Ȥˤ¤ΤǡšפʤɤȤΤäĺޤ󡣤б򤷤Ƥʤ
ܥ˹ԤäƤ⡢ïä򿿷ʹƤϤʤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ʤȤ¤ȤȤʤơ

ޤϤȡդҤФԤԤäȤФƤޤ

⤦30ǯۤˤʤޤϡΤȤʤĤ򳤳ȯԤϤƤ
ʤä櫓ǤݾڳĤȤäơܳȯԤȤſøҤȯ
볰ĤܤݾڤĤꤷƤطǡŪ˥ꥫܤäʹ
ˤäƤƤ櫓ʤΤǤ

ޤǤºݤ˳ǹĤȯԤǤϤʤΤǡȵڤʤΤä櫓Ǥ
ǡˤ쥹ȥôԤοͤ⤷ơˤӤ򿩤٤ꤷ
ǤޤǤޤ͡ǡäƴǤ館СʬȤƤ򤷤
ʤΤǤϡǤȤȤˤʤǤ

ϡʹƻˤ⤢ä褦ˡγʲ8ǯ9֤ΤȤȤȤǤ
ϡʲη̥ܥĥʤƱ󥯤ˤʤäȤȤǡšܥĥʤäƤɤ
ʤΤȤȤ褯ƤޤǡκݡǤϤʤΤǤ󥯤
դҤôԤФǤ졢Ȥդʤ褦
ϤƤΤФƤޤ

ޤϡܷкΥʥꥪȤΤä褦ǡޡåȤ⤽ή
˾פʷϵޤ
Ǥ⡢Ƕϡʬή줬ѤäƤƤޤܤ
ƤΤ褦褷ǤϤʤȤäܷкʤïͤϤʤʤä
ȡ

ǤϡܤγդΤ

ϡܤγդƤƶפȤġ

ˡܤκϡʹΤʤǤϷȴưǤϤʤȡ̳ܺ
GDP200%ˤãƤǤϤʤȡ

ˡΩݤȤ̾Բ󤷤ȻפäƤդҤȤƤϡĤ
դ򤷤ƤǤϤʤȤ򼨤ȡʤȤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ɾϡ¾˹ФƤԤäƤǤ㤨СڥȤꥢ
ȤɤФ˼դȡסκ˴ؤ԰¤ꤽ
ǡŤȡ

ܤϤɤȤСĤ90%ʾϹȤͭƤꡢơ
1%򾯤̤ηȴ㤵ǡܹĤγʲ򤷤Ȥǡܤ
ޤ˺äƤޤȤʤȡ

ˡ⤦ġ¤ϡꥫطƤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

4ǯϢ³κֻ1ɥĶ⡢2011ǯ٤15鲯ɥᤤֻˤʤꤽ
ʾǤդҤƹܤ˱θƤΤǤϤʤȤȽ⤢
ޤϡǹΥȥץAƹʤȳʹĤʤǤϤʤ
ȡºݤˤȤʤСͽۤ롣ޤʤȤ顢
ܤ˳ʲƤСꥫγʲ⾯Ϥ䤹ʡȡ

Ǹˤ⤦ġ

γʲϡǤФȤܼȤ˾ȤǤ뤫Τ
ȤȤʤΤǤ

ɤƤǤǤꤿΤδĶ꤬ɬפǤ롢ȡǡޤ
IMFʤɤˡǤɬȯƤΤǤϡ

ľܸäɤʬޤ󡣤ʷϵդҤ
⤷ʤΤǤ


ꥫȥץAȤȤϤʤȴå򤪴ꤤפޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ȥꥢΥ󥺥ɽ繿夬äΤϤ¸ΤǤ͡Բ
Υ֥ꥹ١ǤﳲФƤޤˤ񤤿夲ޤ

ǡƺҳΤȤʤȤԤ뤳Ȥˤʤꡢ⤬ɬ
ˤʤ櫓ʤΤǤȥꥢܤϡΤɤäĴã褦ȤƤ뤫
¸ΤǤ礦

1ǯ֤׻ǤԤΤȤޤǤεϼΤϤۤɤǤϤʤΤ
ſ͸⾯ʤǤšǡ餯餤ȤС56ɥ롢ܱߤˤʤ
4500٤εϤȤȤǤ

ǤϡǤȤΤϤФΤȤСǯ5ɥʾ
ݤˤȤޤ顢ޤȤϸʤ̤οͤоݤˤʤȤȤʤ
Ǥ

ήФ˹ﳲԤǤоݳˤʤȤϤޤšǤ⡢⤷Ʊ褦ʤȤ
ܤǵ顢ܤ򤯤äƤޤǤ礦͡ṉ̀äƤȤ
ȤȤ򤹤Τȡ

ޤܤǤС괺ϹĤȯԤȤȤˤʤǤ礦ҳǤ
ꡢ߸ĤȯԤΤǤֻĤǤϤʤŲĤơ

ǤϡΥȥꥢ⡢ĤȯԤοȤͤʤΤ

ɤƤʤΤǤ礦͡𤬰Τ褦ˤʤꤿʤʤΤǤ礦
Ȥ⡢ܤѤ˳ȤȤ顢եǰƤΤȤʤΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢ФĤθ繿夬ꡢȥꥢο͡ѤʤȤˤʤ
ƤʤΤǤ

ݤäơ椬ܤϤȤСǤƤƤޤŤǤ⡢ˤ
櫓ǤʤŤˡʤ˺𤬰Ƥ⥤եˤʤ櫓ǤϤʤ
šäȤ¿ο͡ʪ夬ʤȤòƤ褦ʤΤǤΤϹͤ
ǤϤʤǤ礦

⤷ܤԶˤäƥե줬Ʊ˵äƤȤСšä顢ޤ
ե줬Ƥʤ꤬Ȼפޤ


äΤˡǤʤƲİȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ХΤΰ̶⤬ޤХΤΤȤ򹥤̤ˤ
ơϹΤǤ⤦ܤɤˤʤʤΤȻפäƤޤޤ

ǯαϡ;ܿƤϤʤä褦ʡ

ڤ򡢾򾡤ȤȤ˹ʤꡢ顢פ䥨ͥ륮ס
͢¥ʤηɬפȡ

ȤȤǡ;곧ͤˤҲ𤷤ȻפȤ⾯ʤ櫓ǤΤʤǾФ
ͶäȤäΤǡϾҲ𤷤Ȼפޤ

ɤ򤤤

ޤɤǤߤƲ

ʲ䤬ȴ褷ʸϤǤ

We are poised for progress. Two years after the worst recession most of us
have ever known, the stock market has come roaring back. Corporate
profits are up. The economy is growing again.

ֲ桹ʤѰդ롣ǰΥꥻå󤫤2ǯФԾϲ
夷Ƥ롣кѤϺƤĹϤƤ

The future is ours to win. But to get there, we can't just stand still. As
Robert Kennedy told us, "The future is not a gift. It is an achievement."

־ϡ桹Τˤɤ夯ˤϤäȤƤ뤳ȤϤǤ
ʤСȥͥǥä褦ˡ£ΤǤϤʤȤ̤Ǥ

Now, the final step — a critical step — in winning the future is to make sure
we aren't buried under a mountain of debt.

־򾡤뤿κǸǤ뤬˽פʥƥåפϡ桹ڶλ
ޤʤ褦ˤ뤳ȤǤ

We are living with a legacy of deficit-spending that began almost a decade
ago. And in the wake of the financial crisis, some of that was necessary to
keep credit flowing, save jobs, and put money in people's pockets.

ֲ桹ϡ10ǯۤ˻ϤޤäֻٽФΰ仺ȶƤ롣ͻ
ľˤϡήݤݤ͡ˤۤ뤿ˤȤ⤢
ɬפǤä

But now that the worst of the recession is over, we have to confront the fact
that our government spends more than it takes in. That is not sustainable.

֤ǰΥꥻåϽäܤϺʾ˻ٽФƤȤ¤ľ
̤Ƥ롣ϻ³ǽʤȤǤϤʤ

And if we truly care about our deficit, we simply cannot afford a permanent
extension of the tax cuts for the wealthiest 2% of Americans. Before we
take money away from our schools, or scholarships away from our
students, we should ask millionaires to give up their tax break.

֤ơ⤷桹˺ֻۤΤǤС̱2%͵Ը
θǤ򹱵ײ뤳ȤʤɤʤΤξضߤˡ
ĹԤФǤƤ餦褦ˤꤤ򤹤٤ʤΤ

It's not a matter of punishing their success. It's about promoting America's
success.

֤ϡȤȳͿ褦ȤΤǤϤʤꥫ¥Τ

We live and do business in the information age, but the last major
reorganization of the government happened in the age of black and white
TV. There are twelve different agencies that deal with exports. There are at
least five different entities that deal with housing policy. Then there's my
favorite example: the Interior Department is in charge of salmon while
they're in fresh water, but the Commerce Department handles them in
when they're in saltwater. And I hear it gets even more complicated once
they're smoked.

ֲ桹Ͼ󲽻Ż򤷤Ƥ롣ǸȿβפäΤ
ƥӤλΤȤǤ롣͢ʤ򰷤Τ12ΰۤʤäؤ롣
Τ⡢ʤƤ5Ĥεؤ롣ιä롣̳ʤϡøˤɳ
롣κ˰ܤȾ̳ʤɳ롣Ǥϡ⡼ˤʤä
ɤʤΤȡ


We should have no illusions about the work ahead of us. Reforming our
schools; changing the way we use energy; reducing our deficit — none of
this is easy. All of it will take time. And it will be harder because we will
argue about everything. The cost. The details. The letter of every law.

ֲ桹ϡܤλŻ˴ؤۤƤϤʤعβסͥ륮ˡ
βסֻκ︺ưפΤǤϤʤƻ֤롣򤹤
꺤ˤʤǤ⤫롣٤Ȥ⤢롣ˡΧʸ

Of course, some countries don't have this problem. If the central
government wants a railroad, they get a railroad — no matter how many
homes are bulldozed. If they don't want a bad story in the newspaper, it
doesn't get written.

֤󡢤꤬¸ߤʤ⤢롣⤷ܤŴƻꤿȻפŴƻ
Ǥ롣ɤʤ¿βȤΩभƤ⡣ʹˤޤäܤʤС
񤫤ʤȤǤ

And yet, as contentious and frustrating and messy as our democracy can
sometimes be, I know there isn't a person here who would trade places
with any other nation on Earth.

̱ˤϵĤΤߵˤʤ뤷⤢롣Ȥäơ
äιΩ夷褦ʤɤȻפԤϤʤϤ


⡼äʹơܤձݰΰβäפФƤޤ
ޤ



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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ϡҲ񤬻ҤɤƤ̳ȤͤˤȿФǤ

ҤɤϼΤǤʤΤǤڤʻҤɤܰҲǤʤơ
ǤʤμҲ񤬤ɤäƻҤɤ˼Ĥؤ뤳ȤǤȤΤ
ĥबΤʤ

˾ععζˤƤ⡢ʤɤ䤿褷¾ι
٤ƤȤ񤤡

ˤƤ⡢夷ƤȤΤ뤳ȤԾʤȤƤޤ
βηˤƤ⤽Ǥܤ顢ԵƸꡢݰβˤäƲä
ˤƸäƤΤǤ

ݰβƤޤɡɤߤǡձ
ĤˤǤΤȤ

Ǥϡΰβ񤷤Τơΰβ򤷤ȸäƤΤ

ȤձݰĤʸʳؾʤȸϫƯʤδɳβ¸
뤳Ȥ򰭤ǤȤߤʤǤŹǤϤʤΤȡ

ä顢κβŰ줷褦ȤϤʤΤ

ɡĤˤϡ餱ȤȤʤΤǤձݰϼ
㤦顢ȡĤޤꡢŹʤɤǤϤʤȤ˶ΤǤ

Ǥϡɤܤľ˴ְ㤤ǧ褦ȤʤΤݰβĥ
ŬǤϤʤäȸ٤ǤϤʤΤǤ礦ϡޤǤŹDz
ȤΤǤСʤΤǤ礦ˤƤ⡢äƤ
˺ѤޤƤޤȤ뤫顢ܤؤԿסΤǤ

䡢פΤǤ⤽ԵƸβäΤݤΰβ򤹤ȤäΤ
㤤äȻפΤǤƤΩ줫餹СձǤݰǤȡɤ
Ǥ⤤ƤƯƤ֡ɤ¤äƤʤȤȤʤΤǤ顣
顢ܤ伫ΤܵԵƸäȹͤΤǤСäȵ
¤򤷤ơձݰब褦ڤؤ뤫ϡ伫Τ
ձʤݰηбĤ򤹤뤷ʤȤȤʤΤǤĤޤꡢݰβε
ܼŪʤȤǤϤʤäȤȤʤΤǤ

ǤϡɤäԵƸ򸺾뤫

ϡ3̤Τɤ¾ͤ¤ΤĺʤȤιͤǤɤ⤬
ǤϤʤȡȤơƤƯʤȤɤƤ⿩äƤʤ
⤢櫓ǤĤޤꡢ3̤Τɤ¤ȤΤϡߤ˻ߤޤʤ
뤫ΤȤǡȤСΤ˹伫ΤϤäѶŪ˲
褦ȤʤΤ

⹻μ̵ꡢϻҤɤٵ뤷ꤹˡ˹񤬼
Ȥ٤ȤǤϤʤΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢ҹ𲽤ʹԤϤξععιˤϡȤ
ʤˤʤäƤȸޤ⤽ΤϤǤΤ٤̤οȾʬ˸ä
뤫Ǥä顢Τä⤤ߤĤձʤݰʤꡢ
ɤȤѤ褦ȤʤΤȡ̱֤˳ʤΤȡ

äȤ衢ȸ

äȤ⡢ϡƤ伫ΤɬפʤΤǤɬפʵ¤
ձݰηбĤͳˤǤ褦ˤФ褤ΤǤɤ⤿ΰ
֤ɹݤĤȤǤ٤Ȥ˹񤬸ФɬפϤʤΤǤ
ꡢձݰʤɤηбƤ˴ؤƾƩ͡
ƻ뤬ԤϤ褦ˤФäʤΤǤ

ܤϡʤȤ饳ĥĤȼӤŤͤ٤ǤϤʤǤ礦


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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ǤϥեٲƤޤ

֤μ䡢ǥեٲƤ뤫δְ㤤ʤΡ

ޤܤξˤϡ̤˥եǥե򲿤Ȥ٤ȤոŪ
¿ȻפΤǤ

Ч󤬷깭ƤͲФƤ⡢ʾϻߤ٤ȼĥ
Ȥ¿Ȥ

Чβʤȱסǥե줬󤯤ʤäƤޤŤʤɤȹͤƤ褦Ǥ

Ǥ⡢ġδȤȺ︺Ϥ򤹤뤳ȤȡԶΤʪȤ
ˤƤޤȤĺޤ󡣰ΡΤ褦ʰոĥ͡ϡǥե
ˤĤƤɤޤʬäƤΤȻפäƤޤޤ

ˤƤ⡢Ȥʲʤ夲ˤƤ⡢դ˲ˤƤ⡢
άˤΤǤ顢¾ͤȤ䤫٤ΤǤϤʤǤޤ¾ͤ
ȸäƤȤʳΰոʤİȦϤʤΤǤϡʤ
ʤȿƤ뤫餽ƤΤȤǤ

ޤϤȤơECBΥȥꥷۤե˷ٲ٤Ȥȯ򤷤Ƥ

륹ȥ꡼ȥ㡼ʥΥ󥿥ӥ塼ǡΤ褦ʤȤä󤸤Ƥ
ΤǤʰʲ륹ȥ꡼ȥ㡼ʥ뤬󤸤Ƥ뵭Ƥ򻲹ͤˤƤޤ

Inflation pressures in the euro zone must be watched closely,
and urged central bankers everywhere to ensure that higher energy
and food prices don't gain a foothold in the global economy.

֥桼ˤ륤ե찵Ϥϡտƻ뤵ʤФʤʤޤ
Ԥϡͥ륮俩ʤβʹƭкѤ˺򲼤Ȥʤ褦
Ϥ٤Ǥ

ƹQE2ʤɤˤä̤Ф줿⤬ʪβʹƭ⤿餷Ƥ
ȽƤޤǶϡȤ˲ä֥饸ʤɤǥե줬
Ƥꡢαƶ˵ڤ֤ȤٲƤΤȤ

All central banks, in periods like this where you have inflationary threats
that are coming from commodities, have to…be very careful that there are
no second-round effectson domestic prices

ƤԤϡιƭˤäƥե찵Ϥ褦ʤȤˤϡ
ƶʤžǤ뤳Ȥʤ褦դ뤳ȤɬפǤ

Ǥϡ衼åѤˤʪξϤɤȤСšǯ12եɸͤ
2%2.2%˾徺ƤޤäΤȤ

Ȥ2ǯ֤ΤȤȤǡ2.5%٤ޤǾ徺ȸޤƤ롢ȡ

ޤեФٲФƤϡ衼åѤǥեΨ2.2%ˤޤ
徺ȤϤäƤ⡢ϸ俩ʤޤʪäǤäơꥫΤ褦˥
եΨǤߤ1.1%ˤʤʤȤȽ⤢ȤΤǤšä
ȽФƥȥꥷۤϡ

Core inflation is not necessarily a good predictor.

 ֥եΨϡɬɤɸȤϸ¤ʤ

ꥫQE2ߤʤСšơ񤬰زߤʤСš⥤
ե찵ϤкѤˤ³Τϴְ㤤ʤȸäƤΤǤϤʤǤ礦
ʤСܤˤƤʪФ徺褦ˤʤ뤫⤷ޤ

ϡͤʬ㤦Τʡȴå򤪴ꤤפޤ
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Ǥޤ˼Ǥ

ϵ岹ȲʤַϤˤɤʱƶͿ뤫⤦Ū˼䤹ʤ
Сʪʬ۾ˤɤʱƶͿ뤫

֤ʤδñ

Ǥϡɤ

֤顢夬顢ǮӤ䰡ǮӤε̾夷Ƥš

¾ˤϡ

ִȤ򹥤ΤϡʡϤ˰ܤäƹԤΤ衣Ǥ͡ι⤵ˤϸ٤
뤫顢ĺˤϹԤʤΤǡȲ󤯤ʤ©ǤʤʤʪФƤ
Τ

褯¸ΤǤ͡

⡢פäƤޤȤNPRȤ饸İȡ

As the earth warms up, many plants and animals are moving uphill to
keep their cool. Conservationists are anticipating much more of this, as they
make plans to help natural systems adapt to a warming planet.

ϵ夬ȤʤˤĤ졢¿οʪưʪβŬݤĤ˹Ϥ˰ư롣
ݸԤϤʤΤȿƤ롣ϵ岹ȲַϤŬ뤳
Ȥ뤿ΥץȤײ褷Ƥ뤷

But a new study in Science magazine finds that plants in Northern
California are bucking this uphill trend.

֤󥹻˽ФƤ뿷ˤС̥ե˥οʪϤιϤ
ưȤή˵դäƤ뤳Ȥȯ줿ȡ

ǡǤ礦äǤ͡Ǥ⡢ɤ̥ե˥Ǥϡնε
徺ƤΤˡʪ鲼Ƥ褦ʹư˽ФƤΤ

ʪ鲼ƤȤäƤ⡢ʪ­ƲƤ櫓ǤϤޤ󡣰
ܤڤưȤϤޤ󡣤ĹǯΤˡڤʬ۾Ϥ鲼
˰ưȤΤǤ

ϡǤ⡢١¨̤߱δطǤʤäΤǤϤʤȡ

ʪϼ㴳β٤Ѳ⼾٤ѲҴȿȤȤʤΤǤ礦



ȲαƶǡϤοʪϤ˰ưƤʤơ⤷ʤäȸ
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Υե󥿥ȼʤۥ磻ȥϥǴ޼פǤѤ򸫤뤳ȤǤޤ

ФȤʤȰ㤤ޤ͡ˤĤʤɤơ

ޤߤƤȡä礤ιϤȤ⤫Ȥơ2ĤĶ
꡼¤ΩäƤѤ˸뤳ȤμǾ̤κŪ
褦ʵƤޤ

̱졼Ȥ͸ʤɤ˿ŸȤʤȡξƬ
¤Ǥ뤳ȼΤפʤΤȡޤG2λȸäƤ⤷ޤ

ʤȤͤƤ顢2010ǯGDPοΨȯɽˤʤޤ
2010ǯϺƤ2οӤȤʤꡢǯ10.3%⿭ӤΤȤǡޥߤϡ
2010ǯGDPܤȴȤμ¤Ǥ󤸤Ƥ櫓ʤΤǤ

Ĥޤߤ񤬡ɤƤʤ®GDP򽸷פǤ
ȤĤפäƤޤޤƱȯɽ줿12ξʪؿϡǯƱ
4.6%徺11٤Ⱦ夤ƤƤΤǤ͡᤮Ȱ㤤ޤ
ޤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢椬ܹ̱ȿϤȤС̤ˡšפȸäȤǤϤʤǤ礦
椬GDP񤬾äȤϤο͸ϲ椬10ܤ⤢櫓
Ǥ顣

ο͸133474͡ܤο͸12705

âդ٤Ȥ櫓ǤϡGDPܤGDP
¤٤⤷ʤʤɤȤäƤ⡢ϤޤǤ⤢Ǥΰإ졼ȤǥɥƤ
Ӥ̤ǤΤǤϡGDPϡ´餤дܤ
GDPäƤ褦ʵƤʤޤ󡣤ĤޤꡢʿǴ
GDPϡ⤦礭ʤϤȡ

ˡ㤨мư֤ˤƤ⡢2010ǯϡܤξˤ500496
ˤˤ᤮ʤΤˡϤ3.6ܤۤɤ1806夲ƤʤΤ
ˡ1θλ̡2009ǯˤˤƤ⡢ܤ440ХʤΤ
Ϥܤ890Х⤢櫓ǤФεˡ

󡢸λ̤¿Ȥäơ줬ΤޤGDP礭ȿǤ
ǤϤʤǤ礦Ĥޤꡢͥ륮ΨС鸶λ礭ƤGDP
Ϥޤ礭ʤ뤳ȤϤʤΤȡ

ˤƤȤƤϡʿ伫ư֤ϸλ̤
ȽǤơ´ȤƤGDP礭ϡäƤǤ
Ƥ櫓ʤΤǤĤǤʤС峤ιإӥ뷲Ǥ͡

ȤȤǡηкϤˤϺο͡ܤĹ³뤳Ȥ
ޤƤΤǤʵФƤޤѹBPΥͥ륮Ծͽ
¬ȯɽƤΤǤ20ǯ֤̤1750Хȸ
2.2ܤȤʤƹȴˤʤͽ¬ƤΤǤ

20ǯ塢̤1750Хˤʤȸߤ2.2ܤˤʤȤΤϡ
˾夲ͤȤʤ褦Ǥǡ㤦ΤǤλݤαղ

ޤ줫ηкŪȯŸ³ȤȤˤʤ櫓ǤˤǤ
ΤǤ礦

ϲηкȯŸ򤫤褦ȤΤǤޤ̤Υͥ륮
ȤȤ⡢빽Ǥ礦Ȥʤ饯꡼󥨥ͥ륮ˤߤȡ

ƹϡ̱μΤФƤϿ͸ˤţɤǡ
ܤȰ㤤ѷ빽ʤȤʤΤǤš2ĤĶΥ꡼Ƭ
ϡɤ櫓ϵ岹Ȳ꤬äݤȴƤΤǤ

ηкȯŸ礤˷빽ͥ륮ξ̤礷Ƥ礤˷빽
Ѥ륨ͥ륮ϥ꡼󥨥ͥ륮˥եȤߤȡξ̤礭
餷ߤȸʤΤǤ

ʤϵ岹Ȳϱס󤯤ʤФǤ뤫Ǥ

䤬ʤȤäƤ⥤ޥϤʤ

Ĥޤꡢʤ˴³ȡȲʤƤäƤԥȤʤʤΤǤ
Ƥ褦ϵ岹ȲʤȡΤ褦ʰ۾ﵤݤӻ
ʤȸƤǤšȥꥢιʤɤߤˤĤȲζ
ξ񤬤ĤߤȻפʤΤǤ

ۥ磻ȥϥǤδ޼ϡΤ񸷤ʷϵǹԤ줿ʤΤǤ̤˷
ˤĤ餹ʤߤơ٤ǤϤʤΤȴȤǤ


ϡкȯŸ˸äƿ͸Ķˤäܤ٤Ȼפ
򤪴ꤤפޤ
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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ְؾʤ¿ۤ»澮ȤͻפʤʸФ1̤˽Ф
ޤ

βΤȤʤΤȵɤǤȡ3ᥬХ󥯤إǥХƥ֤¿ۤ»
澮Ȥλⷫͻ˾ФΤȤ

ޤäǤСȿ򼨤ȤϤʤǤ礦ԤܵҤФɤ
ʥӥ󶡤뤫ϡ餬ȽǤФǤ

ʸߤưȤ櫓ʤΤǤ

ֶͻģιƳ֤ǡ׾夹»η䡢
ΰ˽Ƥͻ񤹤

Ƴ

Τ10ǯʾ¢Хå󥰤ơ¢ʤͻģ϶ͻģˤ
ʬΥΩ졢λ衢Ƴʤɤ϶غݹԤʤäϤǤϤʤ
ΤǤ礦

伫ȤϡƳȤΤϡХǡɬ100%ȤϻפäƤ
äΤǤޥߤʤɤȽ򶲤줿ζͻģϡ줫ϻŦ
˰ܹԤ֤˸ΤǤ

֤ޤƳ100%ʤȤ櫓ǤϤޤ󡣤
Τˤͻ񤷤ȤΤˤͻ򤹤ʡʤɤ꤬ԤƳΤǡ
ʤΤǤ礦

ƤꡢФֶͻΧ椬붲פ礭ʻǻŦƤꡢޤְι
ƳפȤäƤ櫓Ǥ

ˤƤ⡢ʤȤԤʤ⤷ƤʤäΤǤ龯
äʤΤǤš衼ͤ顢˵ˤʤ뵭ǺܤƤȤפ
ФޤϡΤΤʤǡ̲ߥǥХƥ֤˼Ф»򤷤Ƥ
ȯƤ롢ȡ

ˤʤäƤΤϡ˰ޤǤԤμǤִ̱Ȥä»
ǤꡢΤ»ǤϤʤ櫓Ǥ

Ĵ٤ƤߤȡǯΣļ¿ΤȤİʸޡˤıͽѰ
ƤΤǤǯ⣲ߡȰ٤δȤԤ鴫줿
ǥХƥ֡ʡˤǤ̲ߥץפ»ƤޤݻδˤҤ
ƤꡢͻؤˤǥХƥֱĶȤμ֤ɤޤǶͻģİƤ
ΤϺͻäȡ

⤦ʤȲȤʤĤǤȹư򶦤ˤ뼫ΰոȿǤ
ƤȤȤǤϤʤΤǤ礦ĤޤꡢԤϡʴʾʤդ
Ȥ»餻Τϲ󡢤ȤΤǤ礦

ޤܵݸȤΤʬʤǤϤޤ󡣥ꥹι⤤ʤˤĤƤϡͻ
ؤʬ䤹ꥹɬפ롢ȡ

ˤʤäƤΤϡͻμ˳ԤʤɤǤϤʤ櫓Ǥ
澮ȤϤɤ⡢ǯ֤20ߤ⤢ꡢ100ͤۤäƤ褦ʴȤǤ
Ǥؤ˰ưΥꥹȼȤʤɴ⾵ΤʤϤʤΤǤ
ʤΤˡƤ졢꤬äƤΤʤΤǤ礦

줬ԤζͶΤˤɤƤǤ뤳ȤǤʤäȤ褦
λ𤬤ΤǤСʤäϤޤ̤ǤΤǤ

⤷λƳ澮Ȥͻ񤷡줬Ǥդ顢ïǤ
ȤΤǤ礦

󡢶ԤȼȽǤǡǥХƥּ»äȤ褦Ȥ
ǤСϤͳˤȤȤʤΤǤ

ʤΤΥȤƤϡΤ褦ʾޤ

ⱿѤΰĤȤƳػȤߺĤ
ɥФƱ߰¤ˤʤ©礭ʤ߹⤬ʤΨ㤯ޤ롣
ʡĮϡƱȤߺ17ʬ12ߤ˲5ߤ
ޤ»ȯƤ롣

ĴãΤ˰إǥХƥ֤Ȥ߹碌ĤȯԤ
߹Ĵãķ;夬ꡢǤλĴã;ʤƤ롣
긩ǤϤȤߺĤȯԤǡĴã6ĶƤ롣


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