кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2011ǯ09

8δΨȯɽˤʤޤʤ0.4ݥȤ㲼4.3ˤʤäȤ

Υ˥塼򥪥ХΤʹ顢ɤȿ򼨤Ǥ礦

֤ޤ衪ꥫȾʬʲʤΡܤϤʤ˼Ψ㤤ΤFRBϤ⤦ܤ򸫽٤ǤϤʤΤ

ǡο¦ȿϤȸСֲȤϸڤ줺šסֻŻõŪ˸碌ưФǽΤǤϤʤ

ŻõŪ˸碌ȡΨ㲼ˤĤʤ롩

ϡ줬̣Ƥ뤫ʬǤ礦

ʤΤǤŻõ򸫹碌褦ˤʤС鼺ȤƤƤ⡢ϤּȼԡפȤƥȤ뤳ȤϤʤʤꡢΤפΡִΨפ㲼뤳ȤˤʤΤǤĤޤꡢ0.4ݥȤ⼺Ψ㲼Ƥʤ顢ԤϡɬѾƤʤǽȸäƤǤ


Ǥ⡢ϸ˿õɬˤʤäƤΤСõŪˤǤ⸫碌褦ʤȤϤǤʤϤȡ⤷õ򸫹碌뤳ȤǤȤС餫μʤǿ٤뤳ȤϤǤΤǤϤʤȡ


ˤƤϻפΤǤΡޤŪ˥ΤͤƤޤΤ
ХΤΩˤʤСɤͳǤ쥢ꥫμΨ1֤ǡ0.4ݥȤ㲼СӤȦȡơԾķԾ礭ȿǤȡ


ܿͤΤʤˤϤɤƤŪ˹ͤʤȵѤޤʤͤΤǤ

󡢸кɬפǤ礦ܤμΨꥫΤ褦˹ߤޤꤷʤ褦ˤ뤿ΰĤȤƤϡԤγϤʹϤθ˺̳뤳ȤɬפǤȻפΤǤ鸽μ֤ߤСΤɽŪˤϹμԤ礬礭ʤäƤΤǤ礦Ȥ˾褦ʼԤƤȤϤȤƤפʤΤǤ


㤤˥ХȤʤɡʿƯи򤹤뤳ȤͭפʤȤȻפΤǤ
кϡĹܤǹͤ٤ǤΤǤ





Ψ㲼򴿷ޤ褦Ȼפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ڹΥ󤬡2֤12ɥФ¤ʤäƤȸޤĶ߹Ĥ夲ƤܤȤȿФǤ

ǤϡڹϡΥ¤紿ޤƤΤǤ礦ǤϤʤΤǤष;ˤ޷ʥ¤ȻܤήФ˷ٲ򶯤ƤΤȤΤˡ޷ʻήФ뤳ȤۤԵ̣ʤȤϤʤΤǤ

椬ηкѳΥ꡼ϡ޷ʱ߹⤬뤿Ӥˡ֤ʤ˱߹ˤʤä鳤˰žˡʤפȸΤǤŤ˹ͤƤߤСȤ˰žȤȤϡ˻Ĥ줿ϫƯԤˤȤäƤԹʽǤȷбļԤϡӤ뤳ȤǤ뤪ȤǤΤǤ

Ǥϡ޷ʻήФ顩

Τˡ̲ߤ¤ʤǤ顢͢дȤιݶϤζ̤ǤΩ
ǤŤȿ̡͢븶礭;夬ꤹ뤳ȤˤʤΤǡץ饹̤ФǤϤʤΤǤޤΤȤƤߤ顢˻ʧ٤ߤĴã˻پ褹ȤˤʤΤǡкѤ纮褹Ǥ礦

ݤäơ椬ܤϤɤǤ礦

1ɥ뤬76ʤɤȤȤǤʤब³ƤޤοबĤޤǤ³Ȥϸ¤ޤ󡣤ˤޤοȤݾڤʤΤǤǡˤοब³ȤΤǤС͢Х᡼ϡΤ˳˹žʤɤʤӤƤʤ⤷ޤʤȤ򤹤̤μȼԤȯƤޤǤ礦

ΩƤϤʤΤǤ礦ʤȤϤʤΤǤǤ⡢ˤȿȯͽۤΤǤ

μʤȤϲϡ߹ˤʤäʬϫƯԤ¶뤳ȤǤС͢Х᡼ȤƤפݤ뤳Ȥǽˤʤꡢ˰žʤƤѤǤ礦ΤȤʤ顢̱¿²ȤϤȤƤפʤΤǤǤ顢ʤСߤ͢Х᡼γž³ŤˤƤѤʻ֤ԤƤȤȤǤ

褯ͤƤ

Ȥ̱¿ϡ̳εͿ쵤8褦ʤȤǹԤ褦ȤƤ
ΤǤ
⤷8ͿƤ褬ǤΤǤС̱֤ϫƯԤ⾯餤ͿƤƤȤϤǤǤ礦Ĥޤꡢ߹ФйȤơ
¶ΰ뤳ȤͤʤǤϤʤΤǤʤƤ⡢͢дȤ˰žơʬȤƤޤ⡢餤²줿ޥʤΤǤ

ˤ褯ͤƤߤ顢äƼεͿä褦˻פƤ⡢߹ˤʤäʬϰ¤俩ʤ乩ʤ͢뤳ȤǤ褦ˤʤΤǡ̱ब㲼Ȥϸ¤ʤΤǤ

ϡ桹ݻ뤳ȤǤ뤫ɤڤǤäơ̾ܤεͿۤǤϤʤΤǤ

䤬äơѤäޤäͤǤ礦

Ķ߹򲿤ȤǤʤΤ

¤ͭʼʤΤǤ

äȰز򤹤롩ȿФǤγߤ̤äơܤγ߽˸餹ΤǤŪˤϱ߹⤬ʤǤ礦ܤγ߽޷˸뤳ȤΤä굡ȤϤɤȽǤǤ礦

ʤΤǤܤγͭ⤬ʤʤȡ߰¤®䤹ʤȽǤǤ礦ΤʤС߰¤򿩤ߤ뤿β⸻ʳߡˤ˳ʤ뤫Ǥ˱߰¤˾ʤС߽פڤäФФΤǤʤСܤڹΤ褦ˤĤ԰ʾ֤˻ƤޤΤǤ


޷ʻήФ뤳ȤݤȤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

졦ΤˤϤ⤬ɬפΤκ⸻ϸ夬ô٤ǡꤹ٤ǤϤʤͤ˴ŤơĤʤƤǤ縢ԤΰͤȤơ礤ǤΤǤ

ȤΤ⡢Ȥ̱İȤʤ⤷İƤȤСϷкѳȤ˸¤ΤǤ

εϡܤ顢Ǥ˴ؤո줿Ȥޤ

餯ʤȦǤȤƤ⡢ĴǴñʼ򤵤٤Ǥ

夬ʤ2ǯ¿ι̱̱˼˾ƤΤǤθΰĤϡ
̱İȤʤˤ⤢ΤǤΡʴñʤȤʬʤΤǤ礦


ϤȤơ졦⸻DZФΤˡǡˡǡ̱ǤʤǤ󤲤ƤΤǤŲŤˤޤ󤫡

ϡĤδ֤ˤ³ǤȴƤΤǤΡ³Ǥоݤ鳰ΤǥȤˤСδ˻˴ͤôΤԸʿˤʤ뤫ȡä顢ȾʵŪ³Ǥ夲ФäʤΤǤΡʤΤǤ礦

餯̱˰ոС¿οͤ³Ǥΰ夲ˤȿФʤȻפΤǤȤȿФͤ⡢ͤ¿Ǥ礦Ĥޤꡢ¿θˤС³Ǥϰ夲٤ʬäƤΤˡ򤷤ʤȤȤϡȤȤĤʤäƤȤȤǤΤǤͤƤߤСȤ򤹤ΤϡܤǤϡ³ʧ褦ʤʤΤǤ


ϡ⤪Ф뼻ʤ顢³Ǥ夲ȼĥΤǤϤʤΤǤϡλҶ¹ΩΩäơ³Ǥ夲Τˤʤ롢ȹͤΤǤ

ǽʸ¤¿κ⻺ʬλ¹˻ĤȻפΤϤ褯ʬޤ줬ʹ֤οȤΤǤ礦ʬλҤ¹襤⻺Ĥɬ⤤̤򾷤Ȥϸ¤ʤΤǤɤҶ¹spoiǽʤΤǤ

Τäơ¿κ⻺³СïäƴήƯȤʤɤʤʤǤ礦顣

˻Ҷ¹ΤȤͤΤǤСĤΤϤ褯ʤȤˡɤƤϵդʤΤǤ礦

顢ϡΤˤޤ¹˺⻺ĤʤȤ˱ɤΤˤɤȤȡ


Ȥǻ䡢⤦ĸȤΤǤȤΤϡΤ褦ʾǤ򤹤ΤǡȤոȤΤʤˤ뤳ȤǤ

ϡ;ꤽΤ褦ʵˤϻǤʤΤǤϤȤơʵǤꤷȤΤǤСηʵ­ҤäѤ褦ʤȤƱ˼ĥΤǤ礦äѤꡢˤǤʤΤǤ

ʵ˸뤫顢ǤФ褦


ޤǤʬʤǤʤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢ä鲿Ρ̳εͿ8Ⲽ뤳ȤĥΤǤ礦ʤȤ򤷤顢ʵϱסʤäƤޤΤܤ˸ƤΤǤ

ϡ̱Τʤˤϸ̳Ϳΰ˾ΤΤƤϤΤǤǤ顢ʵϰʤ뤫⤷ʤǤ⡢̳εͿ򲼤뤳ȤҲΤɬפǤȤΤǤСʤ餽ǤʤȤʤΤǤ

̳Ϳȼĥͤ¿ϡƱˡǤȷʵ˸뤫ŤȸΤǤˡ̳εͿˤƤ⡢ϷʵɤʤäƤäΤǤϤʤΤǤ礦

ϡ뤿ˤϡΤ褦ʼĥ򤹤٤ȻפΤǤ

ʵŻ뤹ΤǤСʤƤ⺣ϡ̳Ϳ򲼤٤ǤϤʤ̳ͿŪ˸ƹ⤹ȽǤΤǤСä顢ǯλٵۤݸƸʤɤȽơη̡¼Ū˸̳Ϳ褦٤ȻפΤǤϡ֤ˤʤޤ衢̳εͿ뤫ϾIJ롢ȡ

̳εͿ򥫥åȤСʬäȤȤʬʤǤϤʤΤǤŤȡɤƤʵʤäƤޤΤǤ


֤ˤʤޤʵ餤ʤäƤ⤤̳εͿ򥫥åȤ٤ȤΤǤСʤ齽ʬǤΤǤžʤƤȤǤʤȤͤϤʤΤǤ

䤬Τϡ̳ͿΰϤȤȤǤϤʤΤǤ̳εͿ8ȡʵФƶ礭ȸΤǤ

ˡ⤦礭꤬ΤǤȤΤϡ̳εͿDzĤġ¾̱εͿ夲ȤȤ񤷤ȤȤǤΤǤˡ̳εͿ򲼤ʬֵ̱Ϳΰ夲ΤѤ뤳ȤǤΤǤСʵ
ФƶΩˤʤǤ礦ֵ̱ͿοϳϫƯϤȤη͹礤ǷޤǤ礭ˡʤʤ夲ǤΤǤäȤС̳εͿС㤷ơ̱֤εͿǽǤΤǤʤСʵϱסʤΤǤ

ĤǤʵ¿ʤäƤ̳εͿ򲼤ΤȤĥǤСǤʤϤʤΤǤ



ˤƤ⡢³ǤϾ夲Ȼפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ꥷǺƤӡ۽̺ȿФ̱Υǥ⤬Ƥȸޤ

ꥷκƷײ褬ͽ̤˿ʤޤʤˡ⳰鹹ʤ۽̺ʨƤ뤫Ǥ礦ʤǤ⡢ʾ̱˵Ƥ⡢⤦³ȸäƤ褦ˤʹΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢ʹνޤȸ٤衼åɤƤ̵ͤʳʹ˻ΤǤ礦ְäƤΤǤ

ϡꥷʤɤȸƤ֤ΤְäƤȤȤǤϡζͻǤΤǤǧ᤿ϤʤơꥷˤϡäȤäȶ۽̺˼ȤǤ餤ȡ

۽̺ȤäƤ٤ȤΤΤǤ⤦ǡζԤ٤᤿ǡǤ礦

»»ȤƤϤäǧ롢ȡϡ¸κ̳ʤɤơꥷ¦λⷫٱ礹褦ȴŪкȤäǡǤ礦κݡôݤȤʤ褦ʤΤɬפǤȤΤǤСꥷ¦顢ϤäȤȤФǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢Ϥ䥮ꥷ̱˶۽̺򲡤դǤϡ꤬褹뤳ȤϤʤǧ٤ǤϤʤΤǤ礦ΤʤС۽̺ǮˤʤФʤۤɡŪˤϷʵ䤷ǼϤषΤǤʤܤǤߤС۽̺ɬפǤΤϤΤȤʤΤǤ23ǯϡषǼߡײ̤˺ֻ򸺤餹ȤʤɴԤǤʤǧ٤ǤϤʤΤǤ礦

󡢥ꥷ㤬桼Υæơ̲ߤ褵С̲߲ͤ㲼Ȥ˷ʵȤԤǤǤťꥷޤᡢδطԤϳꥷ㤬桼ΥæΤȿФƤʤΤǤ


ꥷ㤬ʤ۽̺ꤷʤȡɲûٱԤʤȤ٤Ǥϡϲ褷ʤǤ礦



δطԤϡԹʿ¤ܤ󤶤Ƥ롢Ȼפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

Ū᤮Ƕ̤ʤΤǤFOMCꤷϥڥ졼ĥȤȸƤФΤǤŤ¸ΤǤ礦

̤ϡؤɤ¸ʤϡΤäȤ¿ΤǤϤʤǤ礦

⡢ڥ졼ĥȤȸơԥȤʤäΤǤȤƤ֤Τ顢ʤΤʤȻפäƤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢ɤǼʤǤΡĥȡ

ǡˤĤƤϡ֤ϡԴ֤ŪĹĤƱˡԴ֤ûĤѤ뤳Ȥˤʤ뤿ᡢĥȤʤΤƤΤǤ

ǵǼǤΤǤ礦

Ψľ˸äơ¿οͤϿǼϤƤʤΤȼʬ˸ʹƤǤ礦


⤽⡢ڥ졼ĥȤȤϡ1960ǯνᤴ˺Ѥ줿ȸޤȾνǤ⤦Τ˸С
1961ǯƹǥڥ졼ĥȤ»ܤ줿ȡ

ǡƹкѤϡɤʾˤäȤС1960ǯ4˷ʵϥԡǤʵ̤äƤȡΤᡢͻ¤ʵɷ㤹ɬפƤ
¾ǤϡƹϹݼ٤ֻǺޤ褦ˤʤäƤȡ

ĤޤꡢʵɷΤ˾ޤ褦ȡ㤯ʤȡ٤ϻܤγήФȤ̤礭꤬ʤΤǤĤޤꡢޤȯȡ

ǤԤǤäȤ顢Τ褦ʥޤɤΤ褦ˤƾڤȤ
Ǥ礦

ʵΤ˶򲼤򲼤ȡܤήФɥβͤݻǤʤ

ɥβͤݻ뤿˶ͶƳȡ٤Ϸʵβ­ˤʤ롣

ޤޤФơǤԤϡΩƤб뤳Ȥͤʤ
ǤĤޤꡢήФ򾷤ʤ褦ˡûζϡ;겼ʤ褦ˤ뤫٤οݤĤ褦ˤ롢ȡΰǡʵɷ㤹븫Ϥ顢Ĺ˴ؤƤϡ
㤯ͶƳ뤳Ȥˤ褦ȡ

ȤȤǡûϹͶƳΰǡĹͶƳ롣ޤDZ줿Ѥ뤳ȤˤʤäΤǤDZϡѸǥĥȤȸޤΡ̾Υ󥹤ήԤä櫓ʤΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢڥ졼ĥȤȤϡûĹܻؤ㤦¨DZ줿Ǥ뤫顢ڥ졼ĥȤȸƤФ줿ΤǤ

ǤϡΥڥ졼ĥȤϤɤʤΤǤ礦Ĺ㤯ͶƳȤ
ŪΤǤޤûϡष夲뤳ȤܻؤƤΤǤ礦

ʤȤϤʤΤǤΤʤСͶƳɸϡޤǤɤ00.25Ǥ뤫Ǥ

ǡǤ礦ڥ졼ĥȤΤ⤽ΰ̣ʬĺǤ礦

⤷ʬäȤäΤǤСä顢֤򡢥ڥ졼ĥȤȸƤ֤ΤϤɤʤΤȻפäƤ뤳ȤǤ礦ڥ졼ĥȤʤɤȤϸƤФˡñˡʿѽԴ֤Ĺ֤ʤɤȸƤ֤٤ǤϤʤȤˤʤäƤ뤳ȤǤ礦

ʤΤǤͤйͤۤɡ֤ϡڥ졼ĥȤȸƤ֤ȤŬǤϤʤΤǤ


ΤηаޤΤ餺˥ڥ졼ĥȤȸäƤͤؤɤߤȻפäå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

FRBȯɽޤСʥ󥭵Ĺ˹Ҥϡ鼡˿ķӽФƤΤǤޤǥޥߤ

ϿԤ뤳ȤʤΤǤθǽϤȤʤС

⤽ΤϤ⤷ͭʼʤСΤ˻ȤäƤǤ

ȤǡοϡʤȸƤФ뤫¸ΤǤ礦ϡڥ졼ĥȡ¤ϡΥơޤ夲Τϡ䡢;굤꤬ʤΤǤΤȸСڥ졼ĥȤʤƤäƤ⡢̤ο͡ϴؿ򼨤ʤǤ

ڥ졼ĥȤϡŤҤäȤ顢ǯΤʤˤϡʹȤϤ뤱ɡšפʤƸͤ⤤뤫⤷ޤ󤬡¿οͤˤȤäƤϡޤäץ󥫥ץ

Ǥ⡢ƼΤϡۤ񤷤ȤǤϤʤΤǤ


Ĥޤꡢڥ졼ȤĥȤŻԾ˥ޥ͡Ф뤿˹Ĥ򡢽Դ֤ûΤ顢ĹʤΤѹȤȤʤΤǤ

ΡʤȤ򤹤뤫ȤСоݤԴ֤ĹĤˤʤСĹ򤵤˰뤳ȤǤʤС佻ɷǤ뤫ȤΤǤ

ɤפޤε

Ĺ㲼⤿餹

ޤ˼ĥ͡ȤȤǤ

¾˼ʤʤΤǤСŲʤޤʤΡ

˹ͤͤ¿ΤǤǸä顢ͤ뤳ȤϲǤ٤ǡꥫ10ǯܤƱˤʤäȸǤ礦ͧãδλǤ᤿Ǥ᤿

֤ʤˤʤäΤʤ顢Τä᤯ʤäΡ

ȤĤޤͭʼʤǤСơ줬ʼʤǤ
СȤäˤäƤϤǤ

ĤޤꡢޤǤʤäȤȤϡʤͳΤǤϡԤĤ뤳ȤؤȤȤ¸ΤǤ礦ˡǤϡܶԤľܹĤ뤳ȤػߤƤ롢ȡơԤƱͤǤΤǤ

ǤϡΡԤϹĤΰؤƤΤϡ°פˤʤȤ
Сե򾷤ƤޤȤηиؤӼäƤ뤫Ǥ

ǤϡԤϡĤͭ뤳ȤФˤʤΤФˤʤɤԤĤԾǹΤӻǤĤޤꡢͻˤϡĤ㤬礫ʤʤǤΤǤĤ뤳ȤˤäơԾ˥ޥ͡ФȿФ˹ĤѤ뤳ȤˤäơԾ줫ޥ͡ۼ롢ȡ

ĤϡĹͭ뤳ȤˤƤϤʤΤǤˤʤäƤ륪ڥ졼ĥȤȤΤϡ㤨С10ǯʪȤ30ǯʪιĤȸäƤΤǤĤޤꡢ顢ĹιĤԾ㤤ȤƤ⡢԰٤ϡԤˤĤľܰι԰٤ˤʤΤǡԴطԤȤƤϡΤ褦ʹ԰٤˼ФȤƤޤΤǤ

ǤϤޤ󡣤⤽ȤƤȤؼԤ¿ΤǤ

֤ɤȡ

ĤޤꡢԤĹĤԤ㤤줿ȤäơĹ̤ϤʤΤȡˡĹ褦ȻפΤǤС϶ͻƤǤϤʤܤιĴƤˤʤꡢĹŻϡܤ٤ŻȤΤǤ

ǡĤǤʤ顢ǤϡɤĹ뤳ȤǤ뤫ȤСϺֻ򸺤餹ȡĤޤꡢĤȯԳۤ򸺤餹ȤˤäƤǤäơ褷ԤĤγۤ礹뤳ȤˤäƼ¸Ǥ櫓ǤϤʤȤΤǤ

ͤˤϡʬǤ礦

䡢ĤΤǤä򤹤ΤϤñǤϤʤΤǤ顢ȤΤʤǤ⡢äǤΤϰˤ᤮ʤȡ¿ȤϡϲäƤΤ뤳ȤвǤ졪ĹĤ㤤ơĹפʤɤȸΤǤ

⤷ٻޤʤȤΤǤС٤褯ͤľǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢ʥСʥ󥭵ĹǤʤϤʤΤǤ⤷ʤˤϤʤ⤷ʤŪˤʤȽǤơ󥪥ڥ졼ĥȤƧڤäȻפΤǤ

Ǥ⡢Τ˸Сڥ졼ĥȤϡ˼¹ԺѤߤǤΤǤȤΤQE2ȤΤϡĹĤоݤȤΤǤäǤĤޤꡢϡĹĤĹΰ̣ĹʤʤΤǤ


Ǥϡ󡢥ڥ졼ĥȤѤ뤳ȤˤäơɤΤ褦ʸ̤ԤǤΤĹ㲼ʤΤ

¤ϡꥫQE2μ¸򤷤ФǤ6ޤĹĤ㤤äƤǤϤޤ󤫡

ǡη̤ɤʤäȤСĹĤ㤤Ȥ԰٤ͽۥեΨ뤳ȤˤäơѤäĹĤϾ夬ꡢ˥ʤξ徺ޤᡢޥɤʥեޤǵƤޤäΤǤ

ǡFRBϸäΤǤեˤʤäơԤιϤ»ʤ줿̡
ȡ

줫顢ޤ80٤ФäƤʤΤǤ
ꥫϤޤƱȤ򷫤֤ĤʤΤǤ礦뤤ϡ٤ϥեˤʤäƤ⡢ڥ졼ĥȤ³Х֥򵯤ƤʤȻפäƤȤȤʤΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢䡢nprİƤơäޤΤ褦˸äƤΤǤ

And yesterday, four top Republican leaders in the House and Senate released a very
unusual letter to Mr. Bernanke, asking him not to do anything more to help the economy
for fear that whatever he does could hurt it.

ֺޤξ屡Ȳ4ͤΥ꡼Сʥ󥭵Ĺ˰μϤȤϡʵɤ褦ȤƤʾ岿⤹ʡΤǤäơСʥ󥭵Ĺ뤳ȤϷкѤˤȤäƤ褯ʤȤФȤΤǤ

 It's unusual because politicians almost always want the Central Bank to do more - lower interest rates, put more credit in.

֤Ѥ˰ʤȤǤΤʤСȤϡԤФäȤäƤ
ΤǤ뤫Ǥäȶ򲼤äȻ򶡵뤻衢ȡ

But the Republicans are saying no, don't do that.

֤ްϡΡȸäƤΤǤʤȤϤʡȡ

ԤοáȤФ꤬ŻǤϤʤΤäƤꥫȤޥȤȤʤΤǤ礦




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ꥫΩޤγǥӥ塼ˤʤǤϤɤ󤸤ƤΤǤ礦

륹ȥ꡼ȥ㡼ʥƻ֤ߤƤߤޤ礦

Prime Mister Yoshihiko Noda, Japan's sixth prime minister in five years,

֤5ǯ֤6ܤΡ

 on how the nation's rapid turnover of leaders hampaers U.S.-Japan relation.

ܤΥ꡼ˤѤ뤳ȤƴطˤɤΤ褦ʱƶͿƤΤ

ϡΤ褦ޤ
 
 But whatever the situation is, I think the nature of the U.S.-Japan alliance remains the same, given what we've accumulated over such a long time.

֤ޤǤĹѤ餷ơƱѤȤ˻פޤ

for maintaing mutual trust, it was probably not good thing his counterparts kept changing.

ֻפޤɤ⡢󥿡ѡȤѤȤȤϡطݻƤǤϥޥʥäȻפޤ

ޤβ֤ϡäˤɤȤȤϤޤ󤬡򥢥ꥫϴԤƤΤǤС夷2ǯꥫ¦ϡȷϰβͤƤ뤫ѷٲ򤷤ΤǤ

ޤ٤顢¿ϤǤ롢ȡΤʤС

 Mr. Noda, a son of a self-defense forces soldier, has occasionally surprised his colleagues in parliament with nationalistic remarks.

ּҴ©ҤǤĻϡޤǤФСˤιŪȯƱνäƤ

ˤĤƤϡΤ褦ʾҲ򤷤Ƥޤ

 A known fiscal hawk, the former finance minister emphasized the importance of fiscal discipline even in the face of disaster reconstruction that will cost the government an additional \13 trillion—about $170 billion—in the next five years.

ַɤΤ̳äϡ5ǯ֤ɬפ⤬13ߡ1700ɥ
˾ʤˤäơΧνĴ

Mr. Noda said reconstruction will be funded by special-purpose bonds with a set repayment term to "show the world that we are serious about repayment."

ĻϡĤŤФ桹ĤνԤ˿Ǥ뤳Ȥ򼨤ȸä

Mr. Noda said he will seek to raise corporate and income taxes to finance the debt over the next 10 years.

ĻϡˡǤȽǤ򺣸10ǯǤ뤳Ȥ᤿ȸä

"We are looking at a 10-year reconstruction plan," he said, and suggested that the temporary tax increase should last about the same 10 years, while the public is still empathetic to the plight of disaster-stricken residents.

ֲ桹ϡ10ǯ֤ײͤƤϸäޤ׻Ǥϡ̱Ϥν̱Фˤߤ򴶤Ʊ10ǯ֡³뤳Ȥ򼨺

He noted an increase in sales taxes, the most efficient but unpopular way to increase tax revenue, shouldn't be used to fund reconstruction.

ϡǼ䤹ǤŪǤϤ뤬͵ΤʤǤΰ夲ˤĤơǤϡ⸻˽Ƥ٤Ǥʤȸä

It should be reserved for bolstering the country's social-security system, which was in a fragile state even before the quake, he said.

־ǤϡҲݾ٤γȽΤ˻Ȥ٤Ǥ롣Ͽ̤εˤơ椬μҲݾ٤ϤʤäƤȽҤ٤

It isn't clear whether Mr. Noda will be able to implement these plans.

Ļ᤬ηײ»ܤǤ뤫ɤ


ޤΥǥȤϡְäƤϤʤΤǤ⤦Ψľ˹̱ˡʬι꤫ͤǡǤ礦

ΡǤФѶŪǤΤ򡣤ΤȤ򤸤äȵʤʤʤȻפޤ



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֤ŤƤϤʤȡٹȯ³ȤǤ̤ȤƤϡɤˤŶ줿ȡ


ŶȤΤɤǤäΤǤä˥ꥫξ硣
ޤȤƤϡ褷͵ؤؤǤʤǧ뤳ȤϤʤȸФơХΤ¦ȤƤϡ͵ؤؤǤβǽ˻ĤƤΤȡ

ˤ³ǥեȤ˻뤳ȤˤʤС̱Хå󥰤ӤΤμ¤Ǥäˡɤ¦⡢򴺤ΤˤʤΤǤ

ǡλǡϸޤŶƤǤϡޤˤ¦ŶƤꡢ󤫤餺̱ޤλٻؤФǤȡ

֥򿶤֤äƤߤޤ礦

2011ǯ81
ǡɤʹƤȸСϤääơޤΰƤݤߤ褦ʤΤʤΤǤĤޤꡢȤ夲ȤϤäƤ⡢Ȱ쵤˰夲ΤǤϤʤǽϡ4000ɥʬޤܱߤľ30ʬ١2ƤȤ5000ɥʬơǯ᡹1.5ɥ롢2.4ɥ夲ԤȤΤʤΤǤ2012ǯޤǤλⷫϳݤ餷ΤǤ10ǯ֤1ɥκнк︺ԤȤȤåȤˤʤäƤΤǤ

ޤǼ괺©ĤȤǤǤ礦Ǥ⡢η̡ɤͤƤⶦ¦ξǤ礦ΤʤС夲ߤǤꡢޤΤĥƤǰƤäƤʤʤΤǤ

٤ˤĤƤϡǹդǤƤΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢򺣸뤫ˤĤƵͤԤʤФʤޤ󡣤礭ˤߤȼǤ礦Ĥޤꡢ̱ޤٻؤȿȯǽǤ礦ΰǡޤϡֺ̳١פϤʸĤΥɤˤʤ뤳ȤΤäǤϡ٤⤳ΥɤĤ뤳ȤǤ礦괺ǥեȤ򤹤뤳ȤǤƤ⡢
ꤵ줿ޤޤʤΤǤ

Ĥ˳줿ꥫʻפפޤ


פˡХΤϡ50֤ξٻߤ֤塢ޤȿ˽ФȤȤǤΤǤޤ͵ؤؤǤȿФƤ뤳ȤΤʤ顢ХΤϡƤ͵ؤؤǤʤƤΤǤ

ΡޤǤΤ

ĤˤϡǤ⤷ʤȤˤϡֻκ︺¸ǤʤȤȤȡ⤦Ĥϡä̱ޤλٻؤڤˤʤȤˤϡ廊ʤǤ

ʤȡΤͤ츽ݤϡʤƤǯޤǤ³ȤȤǤ礦ơ饪ХΤʬιͤȿǤʤˡƤˤϵݸȯưȸäƤ⡢ޤ͵ؤؤǤ򤽤ñǧȦʤšʤȡƤӺ̳夲꤬夷Ƥǽ⤢ΤǤ

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⤤Ƥơ̵ԡɤǸ̤᤮뼫ž֤˶ݤ򴶤ȤϤޤ󤫡

ޥޥǤȡۤɤǤʤΤǤԥȡĤޤ궥Ѽž֤ä̤᤮ȡ֤ʤ衪פȻפ鷺ʤäƤޤΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢ɤƤʤ˥ԡɤФƻ뤳ȤǤΤǤ礦ˤ򤬤Ǥޤ

ǡϸΥƥӶɤȤ򸫤ƤȡʤʡԤ濴ǡ̵ŤʥԥȤαž
ʤǤư٤ⲿ٤֤ⷫƤޤ

ޤǡʷݤߤʤȤ̵ŤʤȤ򡣤֤žƤͤˤȤäƤϡǤʤȤǤ礦

äϤФǤϤޤ󡣤⤽֥졼դƤʤԥȤƤΤȤȡ⤯ⵤˤʤäơŤʤƻפäƤȡ˽Υڥ֤ۤ顢μž֡פʤƸäƤǤϤޤ󤫡⡢Ĥ򸫤ȡȥ֥졼ΤʤԥȤؤƤޤºݤ˸ΤϽƤǤ

Ǥ⡢Ρ֥졼򳰤ΤǤ礦˴ݤȤϴʤΤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ɡⳤοǡʹĤǤäǤäѤܿͤ餷

ˤƤ⡢ɤƳ͡äˡοͤȸΤϡ񤭤ȤѤʤȤФΤǤ礦ԤΥ٥뤬㤹ȤȤǤ礦

򤷤ƤܤμԤϡʹȻפäƤΤǤ礦Ĥ餫ʤȤޤȤΤϡοͤϡФԤȤȤǤ餫ȽϤ˷٤ޤ̤ɬθΰդȸäƤǤ礦

ٻϡޤ٤ǤϤʤΤǤ礦ޤ⡢ȳʤȤ⡢ž֤ΤΤ׼ƤޤΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢ȤäơݤˤϤۤȿʤΤǤ͡



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Ʋɥ򶡵롢ʤƻƤޤ󡢥ꥷ꤬褷ʤʤΤǤ

ϡޤǡΥꥷ褹뤿ˤϡꥷ㤬桼ΥæΤͭפʼʤˤʤꤨȼĥƤޤޤ¸ȤȤ餹ѺǤ⤢ΤǤΤȤС˥ꥷ㤬Υæȡϥ衼åλߤԤäΤ褦˼ߤƤޤʤΤǤʤƤ衼åѳƹΥ꡼¿ϤΤ褦˹ͤƤǤ

ʤȤʤʤʤƤȤХꥷΥǥեȤǧ뤳Ȱ̤ʤǤʤХɥĤե󥹤ζԤ¿ۤɺĸν;ʤ졢ͻȯŸ뤳ȤΤǤ


Ƥӡ꡼ޥ󥷥åΤ褦ʤȤ򵯤ƤϤʤ

ޤϸʤƤ⤽ΤȤꡣ̵Ѥκ򵯤ƤϤʤΤǤˡ⤽ڤꤿ֤ΤǤ⤢ΤǤ⡢ꥷ֤⤬1桼ĤäƤʤȤΤǤФȤ⤫빽񻺤ϤǤ

BSεԤꥷι̱˼򤷤Ƥޤꥷ㤬þ褦ʤȤϹͤ뤫ȡȡι̱ǤʤȡʤȡƥӶɤȤƤϡꥷ㤬ʤ˿ʻ֤˴٤äƤΤˡ̱ϰƳΤ󤭤˹Ƥ롢ȤʷϵäΤǤ礦˽פʿ¤ƤΤǤ

Τˡꥷܤϻ­褷EUIMFλٱ礬ʤСĤθʧɬפʷλʧǤʤ֤ˤʤäƤΤǤŤꥷϡȸäƥ­ȯƤǤϤʤΤǤʪϺޤǤƱ褦˳ͤǤѸ񸻤ϤΤޤ¸ߤƤ롢ȡơιԼԤСϲԤ֤
ΤǤ

ĤޤꡢꥷϺŪ˻ⷫ˵礷ƤΤϻ¤ǤȤäܼŪ˳ǤǤϤʤΤǤ

ꥷιĤ˽ƤޤäơɥĤե󥹤ζԤʤɤͭƤ륮ꥷĤ򤹤٤ƻɾʤȡ»׾夷ʤжڤ̤ʤΤǤʤȤ򤹤СͻȯŸƤޤ顢ʤȤƻ֤ԤꥷβԤȤȤƤΤǤ

ФơޡåȤϥӥʤޤʤ³Ƥޤ顢٤ⲿ٤⥮ꥷ꤬֤֤ΤǤ


ġƤޤ

ܼϡɥĤե󥹤ζԤꥷĤͭƤ뤳Ȥˤä¿ۤ»׾夹붲줬ȤȤʤΤǤ

ä顢»򤷤ʤ褦ʤ

ꥷϡ͹ػȤƻȤʤ¿ιĵؤ̱IJײǤʹޤʤʤ¹Ԥ񤷤ȡä顢εؤ̱IJ塢γɥĤե󥹤ζԤˡĤȰ˸դ뤳ȤˤǡǤ礦ĤޤꡢǥåȡƥåפԤΤǤ̳γ

⤷ȤԤΤǤСɥĤե󥹶ԤͭƤ륮ꥷĤѿȤ뤳Ȥˤʤꡢɺĸϰ쵤˲褹ΤǤ

󡢺ޤǤιĵؤζԤ˽ͭ뤳ȤˤʤС̱Ȥ񤷤ΤǤ礦顢衢㤤᤹򥮥ꥷ¦ǧ뤳Ȥʤɤιפɬפˤʤ뤫⤷ޤ󡣤ˡĤȰ˶¦ϤˤĤƤϡꥷ¦ôǽϤͤơʬƤ뤳Ȥɬפˤʤ뤫⤷ޤ󤬡ŤˤƤ⡢äƺ̳뤳Ȥˤꡢꥷλⷫ礤˳ڤˤʤǤ

뤤ϡäˡꥷδѸϤνͭɥĤե󥹤ζԤ˰ܤ褦ˡǤ⤤ǤǡäƥꥷĤͭƤ뤳Ȥ»ˤʤɤ빽̣ΤǤ뤳ȤԾ줫ǧ褦ˤʤȡꥷĤϰ쵤˵㲼뤳ȤˤʤǤ礦âΤˤϡѸϤ̱ͭϤǤϤʤͭϤǤɬפΤǤ


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