кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2012ǯ04

Ϣ٤Ǥ٤ߤʤΤ˥֥ɤĺ꤬Ȥޤ

ơϥ롼ޥ󶵼¸ΤǤ礦

ǯΡ٥кѳؾޤޤؼԤǤꡢƤ⤦ǯܤФƥǥեæѤˡ򥢥ɥХƤƤѿڤʳؼԤǤ⤢ΤǤ

ʤɤ餹СΥɥХϾʿڤȤ礭ʤäˤߤƻʤΤǤˤƤȯϤαƶϤäƤΤϻ¤ʤΤǤ

ǡΥ롼ޥ󶵼ٿܤǤΤȤΥȥϡEnd this depression now !

 ֤Զ򺣽餻

϶åǤΤǤޤܤ˵ŤʥɥХ򤷤ƤƤΤǤ礦¤ϤǤϤʤΤǤܤƹкѼȤФΤǤΤǤ

ǤϡܤϲʤΤ

 񤫤ƤΤǤ

The Great Recession that began in 2007 is now more than four years old—and counting.

2007ǯ˻ϤޤäʵϤ⤦4ǯܤäƤꡢ³Ƥ

Some 24 million Americans are unemployed or underemployed, and at recent rates of job creation we wont be back to normal levels of employment until late this decade.

24ɴ;ι̱ȤʤԴȤξ֤ˤ롣ߤΤ褦ʸѤϽΨǤϡ2010ǯνˤʤޤǡ桹ʿˤޤǸѤ뤳ȤϤʤ

This is a tragedy. Do we have to accept it?

֤桹ϤʤФʤʤΤ

No! is the resounding answer given by Nobel Prize–winning economist Paul Krugman in this call to arms. We have seen this situation before and we know how to fix it; all we lack is the political will to take action.

֤֡ǤϤʤפȤΤΡ٥޼޼ԤΥݡ륯롼ޥ 桹ϤΤ褦ʤȤȤꡢнλΤäƤ

Krugman walks us through the financial crisis that triggered the greatest downturn since the Great Depression and outlines the efforts that have been made thus far.

֥롼ޥϡ網ηʵͻˤĤƾҲ𤷡ޤǤʤƤ֤򳵴Ѥ

The way forward is clear. Our priority must be to get ourselves back on the path to growth; every day that we lag behind normal production levels only adds to the astronomical economic loss of this depression. What we need for a rapid, powerful recovery is precisely what weve needed in crises past—a burst of government spending to jump-start the economy.

н餫ͥϡĹεƻ᤹ȤǤ롣ĹΨãʤ³Զˤ»Ф϶ΤɬפʤȤϡδκݤɬפȤȤƱΤкѤƵư뤿ܤ絬ϤʻٽФǤ

ޤɤС롼ޥ󶵼ŹʤɤƱ褦ˡʵΤˤܤɤɤ󤪶ٽФФȼĥƤΤǤ̤ƤΤ褦ǤΤǤ礦

ȤΤ⡢ΥꥫǤϡͿޤޤȤܤλٽФ︺٤ȤȤǤϰոΰפߤƤ뤫ǤΤǤˡܤ緿ͽȤ⤦Ȥ⡢кѤʤʤ뤳ȤʤäΤϡܤ˷иѤߤǤ뤫Ǥ

ȤС롼ޥ󶵼ϡƳܤλˤ¤ΤޤդΤȤʬʤΤǤ롼ޥ󶵼NPRΥ󥿥ӥ塼˱ơΤ褦ʤȤäƤΤǤ

SIEGEL: Well, let's say that you could make economic policy by fiat and you could apply Keynesian solutions to our current mess. What would you do?

ֵ̿ˤäƷкΩƤ뤳ȤǤƸߤξФŬѤ뤳ȤǤȲꤷ褦Ϥɤ褦ȤΤ

KRUGMAN: Well, that's an interesting thing because it's now much easier than it was because we've now had three years of what amount to quite sharp austerity at the state and local level. We've had - normally, state and local employment grows with population. Instead it has shrunk by 600,000 over this period. So that if we were simply to rehire those fired schoolteachers, go back to the kind of employment that we should've had on a normal track at the state and local level, right there, we could add well over a million jobs. And before you know it, we'd be back to something that felt a lot more like prosperity.

֤϶̣ȤȤΤ⡢ȤʤäƤϲ٤ƤäȰפʤäƤ뤫ΤʤСڤΥ٥3ǯ֤۽̺ѤƤ뤫̾ǤСڤܤοϿ͸äȤȤ롣ºݤˤϤδ֤60ͤΥݥȤʤʤäǡ⤷桹ƼˤʤäعƸѤȤ顢Ĥޤοᤷ顢100θѤä뤳ȤǤǤƤ˷кѤ˱ɤƤ뤳Ȥ´Ǥ

SIEGEL: But at the end of several discussions in the book, when you talk about the arguments of debt, you're saying don't worry so much about borrowing more. The interest rates are practically zero or in real terms they're zero. Borrow now. Don't worry so much about the short-term debt. You always end up by saying, yeah, I'm not saying you don't worry at all. At some point, you have to deal with that.

֤ܤǵܤμڶˤĤƿ졢ơʾڶŤͤƤ⿴ۤʤȸäƤ롣ϻ¾奼Ǥ롣¼Ūˤ⥼Ǥ롣ڤûμڤˤĤƤϿۤʡ³Ƥ롣ۤƤʤȤĤϤʤȤǤϡϼڶˤĤн褹ɬפȸäƤ

Conservative critics say when is that point that Keynesians will always say, it's important, but not now? When is that now, when it is important to reduce our debt?

ݼŪɾȤϡ󥸥󤬤ĤפʤȤȤϲʤΤǤϤʤΤȸǤϡĺ̳򸺤餹ȤפʻˤʤΤ

KRUGMAN: OK, (unintelligible) about self-justification here. I was - and I think most people
who are Keynesians in this crisis were very much concerned about measures that increased the deficit when the economy was doing relatively well. Back when, you know, Bush was pushing through his tax cuts and his unfunded wars, we were the people who were saying don't do that. You really need to save that borrowing capacity for when you need it.

ֻϤĤơŤơηкѴˤƥ󥸥ΩΩؤɤο͡ϡкѤŪäƤȤ˺̳䤹褦ʻܺˤĤѷǰͭƤΤΤ褦ˡ֥åϸǤȺ⸻Τʤ䤷ʤƤȤΤ褦ʤȤϤ٤ǤϤʤȸäΤϲ桹Ǥ롣ڤ줬ɬפʤȤ򤹤뤳ȤɬפʤΤǤ

So there's a lot of role reversal. The same people who were blithely unworried about deficits back when deficits really were a bad thing are now the ones who are crusading against deficits now, except not if it means increasing taxes on rich people. But the answer is actually - it's a quite straightforward one.

֤ĤޤꡢȿФʤΤڶ⤬ˤޤȤˡڶˤĤݵ˲⿴ۤʤ͡ڶȿФΤưƤ롣âؤǤơϤϤäꤷƤ

If you get to the point where the economy is strong enough that the Federal Reserve is starting to raise interest rates so as to avoid an inflationary overheating, that's the time when you can, in fact, start to do some fiscal austerity. And it won't cause higher unemployment because the Fed can simply put off those interest rate hikes. But we're not in that situation now.

֤⤷Ϣ䤬ե򤹤뤿˶ΰ夲žۤɷкѤʬϤ᤹褦ˤʤä顢λ۽̺˼Ȥ٤ȤʤΤơϢϤΰ夲ꤹ뤳ȤǤΤǡΨƤޤȤʤǤϤΤ褦ʾˤϤʤ

We're in a situation now where the interest rate is zero, which means any austerity policy, any cutbacks in spending just lead to unemployment. They actually did very little to reduce the budget deficit. They probably make, in the long run, fiscal position worse. Once the economy has recovered enough, then you'll find me turn into a fiscal hawk, but not now.
ֲ桹κξ֤ϡǤ롣ȤȤϡɤΤ褦ʻٽФκ︺ǤäƤ⼺Ȥ˷ӤĤȤȤǤ롣ºݤˤϡƤֻ򸺤餹ȤؤɤʤĹŪˤϡषǽ롣кѤǤˤϡϺƷԤˤʤäƤϤǤϤʤ

ǡǤ礦

Τ褦˥Ρ٥ޤޤ̾ʷкѳؼԤΥ롼ޥ󶵼Զλˤ϶۽̺ʤɤ˼դ٤ǤϤʤȤΤǡܤȤ¿ȿĥ뤳ȤǤΤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢⤦ٸޤܤϺư򤷤Ƥ⡢ۤɷʵ褯ʤ뤳ȤϤʤäΤǤ

ưεϤtoo little ä顩

˷ʵ϶Ȥޤ̵¤˺ư³褦ܤäȤǡȤΤ褦ܤλ˵ꤲơܤιĤɱ󤹤褦ˤʤСǥॻåȤˤʤäƤޤΤǤ

Τˡ롼ޥ󶵼˽äơƹ񤬺ư³ȤСܤηкѳʤɤ紿ޤǤ礦ΤʤСʤ̤ƹкѤ뤵ꡢܤƹؤ͢Фä뤳Ȥʬ˴ԤǤ뤫Ǥ

Ǥ⡢ʤСޤƤƹлҤֻ꤬åפ졢þΥޥޤסί뤳ȤˤʤΤǤ

ɤͤƤ⡢롼ޥ󶵼μĥϴǤȤפʤΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢ƹμΨ⤤ͳϡкѤशΤǤ¦̤Ǥ顢ɤư򤷤褦ȤƤ⡢عʤɰʳ礷̤ϴԤǤʤΤǤ



ꥫư򤷤Ƥ⡢ƹμΨ򤽤ۤɰ̤ϤʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

䤬ɲäζͻºȯɽޤɤפޤ

¿ʬɤפȤ⡢Ƥפ󤫤פʬʤȤͤŪ¿ȤǤ礦

ޤ餯¿Ȥ⤽Ǥ礦顢̤Ȥä˥Ȥ뤳ȤϤʤ

Ǥ⡢Хå󥰤ʥեɤˤȤäƤϡʤδºǤʤǤʤȱǤäƤΤǤϤʤǤ礦;ˤtoo little פȡ

ϺפäΤǤΡɲäζͻº꤬˥塼®ήΤȡ

ŤǤ礦Τ뺢ɲäζͻºѰǷꤵ줿ʤƥƥåפή줿ΤǤȤϻפޤ󤫡ؤɤι̱ΰ̣ȤǤʤΤ®ήʤơտޤΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢ϡǤޥɤʥեƷʵˤĤʤȤͤѲŪǤ뤿ˡ֤ŪǤȤϤȤƤפʤΤǤϤȤơ⤷䤬֤ɾƤ褦˻¾ΥեɸͤѤƤȤΤǤȤСϤեɤθ褦˺δº;ˤ̣ʤ

ޤˤƤ⡢䤬ɤʤȤꤷߤƤߤʤȳȽΤ褦
ʤǤ礦顢λ񻺹եɤѹƤ򸫤Ƥߤ뤳Ȥפޤ


񻺹եɡ


Ƴεϡεϡε
2011ǯ12ӡˡ2012ǯ12ӡˡ2012ǯ12ӡˡ2013ǯ6ӡ

ۡ35.0ߡ65.0ߡ65.0ߡ70.0
졡 5.0ߡ30.0ߡ35.0ߡ  40.0
Ĺġˡ 1.5ߡ19.0ߡ24.0ߡ29.0
ʹûڷ 2.0ߡ  4.5ߡ  4.5ߡ 4.5
CPˡ  0.5ߡ  2.1ߡ 2.1ߡ  2.1
ʼҺˡ     0.5ߡ  2.9ߡ  2.9ߡ  2.9
ʻؿϢư
ˡ 0.45ߡ  1.4ߡ   1.6ߡ  1.6
ư
ˡ    0.05ߡ 0.11ߡ0.12ߡ0.12

ڡ30.0ߡ35.0          30.0ߡ30.0
ʴ3ˡ    20.0ߡ20.0ߡ20.0ߡ20.0


٤ȤϿޤ󡣡ñ˸С񻺹եɤ礭65ߤ70ߤäȸƤΤǤ¤ϡϴ֤ȾǯФǤꡢ2012ǯ12ǤɸͤߤСȤ65ߤѤ뤳ȤϤʤΤǤ5Τϡ˰ޤǤ⤽ʹߤȾǯʬο̣ͤäǤΤǤ

줫顢ĹĤ㤤ۤˤĤƤϡ2012ǯ12ӤǤߤƤ⡢Τ5ƤϤΤǤڤοͤϵդ5߸äƤ뤳ȤդɬפΤǤ

绨Ĥ˸СθľˤäĹĤ㤤ۤȤϻ¤ǤꡢϡΤȤˤäƥǥեΤäĤ뤫ɤˤΤǤ

ǥեϤæѤǤΤ

⤷βǽȤΤǤСäȤäĹĤ䤷ɤȤƤФƤƤǤΤǤ

θ¤ꡢ֤Ǥ䤬եɸͤκѤƧڤäߤʤȤäƤϤΤǤѰƬΤʤϡեɸԤʤɤιͤƤ뤳ȤȤ㤦ȤΤǤ

ǤϡեɸԤϤɤͤΤ

ϡХꡢή̤䤷ƥޥɤʥե򵯤ȤɬפȤΤǤ

ǤϼˡѰƬϤɤ

ޥɤʥե줬뤳Ȥ˾ǤΤȻפΤǤϤŤǥե򵯤ΤǤϤʤʵ褯ʤä̤Ȥƥޥɤʥեˤʤ뤳Ȥ˾ǤˤȤɤޤΤǤ

ĤޤꡢѰϡǤ⥤ե줵м괺ȤϹͤʤΤǤФơեɸԤϡǤ괺ե򵯤٤ȡ

Τ褦ξԤιͤˤϰȤ礭ʰ㤤ꡢƥեɸԤϡʤǤ⥤ե򵯤٤ȹͤ뤿ˡäȤä̤ĹĤ㤤Ԥ٤ȸΤǤݡ̴¸뤿ˤϡ¤ϹĤʤäƤƤ̤ΤǤΤʤСܤιĤȤ鴿ޤоݤǤ뤫Ǥޤ餳10ǯĤ0.9٤ȡǤⷲȴ㤤

ĤޤꡢΤ褦ȤͭĹĤȤΤϡ㤨䤬ƤʤƤ˾дñ˻ԾǴ⤬ǽǤꡢΰ̣̲ߤ˶ᤤʤͭƤȸΤǤϡĹĤôݤФĤǤ⤪ߤƤ館뤷ޤˤäƤϡʧˡĹĤäƤ餦ȤǽʤΤǤ

ĤޤꡢΤ褦ˤ˶ᤤܤĹĤ䤬ȸ򴹤ȤǡۤɷкѤ˥ѥȤͿ뤳ȤϹͤʤΤǤǤϡ򤹤٤

ϡʤήư˳񻺤䤬㤤夲뤳Ȥ֤ǤȸΤǤĤޤꡢСʥ󥭵ĹäƤ褦ˡåפ㤨Ф褤ȡ

ϤȤäǤΤǤפήư˳Τ㤨Ф褤ȡ顢㤨Сưʤɤ䤬ХХгΤ˸ή̤ޤưʤβ٤ˤʤ뤳ȤԤǤΤǤ

СեɸԤδꤤɤꡢޥɤʥե줬뤳ȤǤ礦

⤢ΤǤϡ䤬åפưɤɤ㤦ȤˤʤСɻ񻺤̤ͭ뤳Ȥ˷ҤꡢҤƤ䤬̳Ķ˴٤붲줬ΤǤơ䤬̳Ķ˴٤С٤ϺưǶ뤳ȤɬפˤʤꡢʤФޤǤɬפȡ

ơäƲ˥ޥɤʥեμ¸ˤƤ⡢䤬̳Ķ˴٤ưĤ褦ʻ֤ˤʤäȤ顢λۤˤ˰̾ĤΤϳμ¤ǤǤ礦ϡǤаʻ񻺤ʤȤΤܿǤΤǤʻ񻺤ʤХեˤϤʤʤȡ



䤬ʤϤʤͳʬäȤå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ǤȤˤϤɤʼब뤫¸ΤǤ礦ϡǼȤȯΤǤ礦

ǡǤ礦

ޤΤ褦ʼ򤹤СꥹȥˤäȤλŻˤʤäʤɤͤ¿ȻפǤ

󡢤ΩɤǤϤΤǤϷкѳؤΥƥή˹ͤƤߤƲ

ֽ۴ŪȤ໤Ūȡš

Ǥϡ۴ŪȤȤϲǤ礦

Ǥʵ褯ʤмȼԤꡢդ˷ʵʤмȼԤȤȤǡʵ۴Ĥ˱ư뼺ȤΤȤǤΤǤɽѤС­ǵ뼺ȡ

Ǥϡ໤ŪȤȤϡǤ礦

໤ŪȤȤϡῦ¦ͭͤ˴ؤԽʬʤȤʤɤͳȯϫƯưȼŪȤǤ

¾μμȤϤʤǤ礦

ֹ¤ŪȤȤΤ⤢

ʤΤǤ¤ŪȤȤΤΤǤ¤ŪȤȤΤϡ¦ϫƯԤλʤǽϤʤɤῦ¦ͭʤǽϤʤɤȰפʤߥޥåˤäȯ뼺ȤΤȤǤΤǤ

ƹǤϡǤ⼺Ψ8ȤʤˤΤǤΰǡ¦򥤥󥿥ӥ塼ȡʬβҤϵ͹ФƤ뤬ʤʤ˾ϫƯԤߤĤʤʤƤȤǶ褯ƻƤΤǤĤޤꡢǶᡢƹǤϹ¤ŪȤƤǽΤǤ

ǤϡȼԤ򸺤餹ˤϤɤФ

Τˤϡ㤨иǤԤȤѤ䤹Ķ뤳ȤͤΤǤĤޤꡢʵɤ뤳ȤˤäƸѤ䤻Фȡ

ΤˡʵɤмΨ뤳ȤͤΤǤǤ⡢ˤʬ꤫⤷ޤ󤬡Ψ⤤¤ŪȤƤ뤳ȤˤСʵ褯ʤäƤ⡢פ褦˼ȼԤȤϸ¤ʤΤǤ

˴Ƹ碌Ƥ館СȼԤˤϡŻ깥ߤ㤷ʤäƤ뷹⤢ΤǤʻŻϷʻŻϷȡ

Ǥϡͤι⤤Сʥ󥭵Ĺϡ¤ŪȤƤ뤿ˡƹǤϼΨ⤤ˤȤɤޤäƤȹͤΤǤ礦

䤤ľФȤΤǤ뵮ϡ327ε褯ɤǤ줿Ǥ礦

ʤΤǤСʥ󥭵Ĺϡ褷ƹ¤ŪȤƤ뤳Ȥ礭ͳȤϹͤʤΤǤ˺¤ŪȤƤ褦˸Ƥ⡢ʵ褯ʤФι¤ŪȤ⸺뤳ȤͤΤȡ

̷⤷ͤˤ⸫ΤǤˤƤСʥ󥭵Ĺϡ¤ŪȤ򤽤ۤ뤷ƤϤʤ褦˸ΤǤ

ǤϡСʥ󥭵ĹΩΩƤСΨ򲼤뤿ˤϷʵɤ³٤ȤȤˤʤΤǤ礦饼³Ƥ⡢ƴĹĤιȤ֤³Ƥ⡢ΨϰȤƹ⤤ޤޤǤΤǤ

ǤϡСʥ󥭵ĹϡΨβäȥԡǥ˵ȹͤΤ

Ǥ⡢ΤȤѤˤ䤳

ʤȥСʥ󥭵ĹϡƹμΨκǶ㲼֤ϡषäۤɤǤȤΤǤʤ˼Ψ㲼뤿ˤϡäȵ®˷ʵƤʤФʤʤΤˡ¤ηʵβ֤ϴˤ䤫Ǥ롢ȡ

⤦ʤȡ̤ϡСʥ󥭵ĹΤפ󤫤פ

ˤƤ⡢Сʥ󥭵ĹѤʽͤǤꡢޤؼԤǤ⤢ΤǡɤƤⶵʽŪȯۤȴڤʤȤΤǤ礦Ĥޤꡢ໤ŪȤСȤθϡ­ȯ뼺ȤȡϫƯԤλʤǽϤ˴ؤ¦ȵῦ¦ΥߥޥåˤäƵ뼺ȤΤɤ餫ʬव롢ȡ

ϡΤ褦ȯۤ˲ʤΤ򴶤ʤǤ礦

ȤΤ⡢Ȥθ¾ˤ⤢뤫Ǥ

ϥХꡢΰ¤ϫƯϤ¸ߤǤΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢפɲä褦ʵɷ㤹褦Ѥ褦Ȥ⡢ȤǽϤ礹뤿˳ϫƯԤƤˤ褦ư˽ФСμȤϤʤʤ뤳ȤϤʤΤǤ

Τ褦ʼȤ෿򲿤ȸƤ褤ΤǤ礦

¶⤬ȤǤ顢װȤȤǤƤӤޤ礦ˤƤ⡢
¶ϫƯˤäư뼺Ȥޤ¤ŪȤƱʵ褯ʤäȸäľ˲ΤǤϤʤȤˡ桹ϲդ٤ȻפΤǤ

ξǡΤ褦ʤȤȯʹ¦ͭμˤĤơͻɤܤϤɤΤ褦н褹٤ʤΤäȸƤ٤ȻפΤǤ


ʤСʥ󥭵ĹκǶθ˴ؤͤϡܥ֥327ա֥Сʥ󥭵Ĺθֵפ


ʽޥ뤳Ȥڤʽ΅ΤϴȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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īѲʤȤäƤޤ

 ŵ±ʥߥХˤ߽ͤĤηФ郎ȿ̱ܤŷãסֳ̿Ϥ̹ư򤿤˳Ϥס̹ưϤ34ʬ뤤Ϥûִ֤˥߽ͥĤηĩȯκڲ

ȤˤСīϡΤɲʳظ19ˤ춵鱡20ˤǹԤäȯȹֱƤ뤷ƤΤȤ

ΤϲȸäΤ

֤줬СīĩȯƤ뤳ȤǤʤסī̱˺ǤɬפʤΤϿ͸īϲפʤɤʤʤФʤʤ

ΤˡʤȤΤƤ̤ܤΩʤȸäƷܤۤɤƤǤʤ褦ʡ

ϻפΤǤ¾ˤͳꤽȡ

ΤϡʤȤäƤΤǤ

֤ޤݼҲ񤫤θΩ򼫤龷סï⡢Ϥ䶯ˤäīѲ򶯤褦ȤϤƤʤѲʤ顢ڹǤʤݼҲ񤬶Ϥ

ǡǤ礦ڹī˶ϤȸäƤ뤳ȤФ̤ܤΤѤȻפޤ

̤ϡֶϤפȤȤȿƤΤǤϤʤΤǤǤϤʤּѲʤפȾդƤ뤳Ȥȿ򤷤ƤΤǤ

ѲȤϲϡᡢ̤ιˤʤ뤳Ȥ̣ƤΤǤĤޤꡢ󥦥ϡϤηѾԤȤƤ줫ȤΨƹԤȤƤˡʤȻߤƤޤȴڹΤ줿ȴΤ⤷ʤΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢʤ̤θ˰۵ĤҤ٤ԤïȤǤʤȡޤ餳īϡΰݻष꤬ͧʴط³ΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢ʪʤȤȡٹܤȤƤ夤ƤʤΤǤ

ǡޤ¤˹ưǽϾȡΤʤСīư򵯤ΤǤСФݼҲ񤬤褤ܵˤʤäīžʤ˾ФȤưפͽۤ뤫ʤΤǤ

ǤϡܤۤäƤߤƤФΤ

ޤ뤷ʤŤʤȤ¿ϻפäƤΤ⤷ޤ

Ǥ⡢ˡʤǤϤʤΤǤˡ⤽̤³ȤȤϡкѤαľ塢Ѥ»ˤʤäƤΤǤ

ҤʤƤʹƲ

ܤīФ1000ɥȰˡīο̱Ư븢äƤȿФƤǡǤ礦ƤκݡϲƤ餤̱˰ܹԤ褦ˡȡīȤϰݻܤ˰ޤǤīο̱ѤīˤưԤǤ롢ȡơīϫƯԤˤ¶ʧȡ

¿ʬȥХʥǥʤΤ¿οͤפǤ礦͡ϡܼʬäƤʤ

褺ڹīο͸GDPߤƤߤޤ礦

ڹϡ͸4800ͤǡGDPϤ褽9500ɥ롣ФơīϿ͸2400ͤǡGDPϤä262ɥ롣

Ĥޤꡢ̤ο͸ϴڹȾʬˤȤɤޤΤǤGDPϴڹΤ褽1/36ʤΤǤ⤷͸˱ǽϤΤǤС̤GDP4750ɥۤɤäƤ⤤ΤǤäơ̤ǽϤΤۤΰѤƤʤȤΤǤ

Ǥϡ̤ο͡ϡǽϤΤ

̤νпȼԤˤƻ⤤ͭ̾ʥå⤤ΤǤĿŪǽϤˤۤɤ½ʤƹͤʤΤǤĤޤꡢкͳơäȸΨŪīϫƯԤѤ뤳ȤǤСīGDP򺣤10ܰʾˤΤϤۤ񤷤äǤϤʤȦǤ

ȤȤϡܤī1000ɥʧäȤƤ⡢5ǯ10ǯˤϸ뤳ȤǽʤΤǤ

ơȥåפΥ󥦥䷳ˤƤ⡢1000ɥ館뤳ȤǤ⡢ʬ̿ݾڤȤΤǤС褷ưäǤϤʤǤ礦Τޤ޸ݻƤ⡢衹ϥץȤӥߤˤʤäƤޤ⤷ʤʤ1000ɥȰˡܹԤƤ»ˤϤʤʤʡȡ

ˡ̵ٲˤƤ⡢ܤīιˤơϫƯԤƯݾڤΤǤСæ̤褦ʤɤȤ̱ФƤʤȤǡȿФͳϾʤʤȦʤΤǤ

ҤʤäǤܤμ«Τ600ɥФȤͤСٹīΤ1000ɥٽФäơ̤ˤϤʤΤǤ

»ɤषˤä¦ˤ¿פ⤿餵뤳ȤԤǤΤǤ

®ϡ̤˸äƤΥǥ֤ĤƤߤƤǡǤ礦


̤ιͤᤵ뤿ˤϡٴΤȴȤɬפΤǤӤäꤷȸå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

IMFλ˴ؤʹҤɾƤ뤬̤ɼԤ򤦤ʤ餻뤳Ȥɤٽ񤤤ƤΤ

褺IMF˴ؤƾܺ٤¸Τʤ¿ȻפΤǡƤߤ

ΡIMFλʤΤ

̾IMFԤʤɤιݵؤԤϡȸƤ֡ΤȤ¸

ΥϡޤǤǤäǤϤʤ

֤ơ

󥮥㥰ϻߤߤ

ǤϤʤΤΤȤʬäƤʤȡλݴ֤ΤܼƤʤˡΤۤɥ饬̳ܤ˴դΤ⡣

֤顢ơ

ϡεǸޤɤʬΤ

⤽⡢꡼ޥ󥷥åޤǤϡΤ˸С1ǯΥѥХåޤǤϡIMFϳŹٶȾ֤ˤʤäƤΤ¸

ĤޤꡢĤIMF餪ڤƤֺѤ򽪤ꡢкѤĴ˿ӤƤΤ顢ɤιIMFɬפʤʤäƤ

Ĥδ֡кѤȿžϤ롣ơκ˴ؿڤ֤䡢桼ȯIMF˻ٱĤʤ֤ˤʤä

ǡʤȺ٤IMFκ⸻­֤ȯ롣ꥷ䥢ɤʤɤǤϤʤڥ䥤ꥢʤɤޤŪȤ̾夬äƤ뤫

̾ǤСΤ褦ʤȤˤIMFβ񤬡줾ηкϤ˱ƿɲýл˱ԤȤˤʤΤǤ뤬ƹκ꤬ꡢƹ񤬸ʿɲýлԤΤ񤷤֤ȯΤ

ƹ񤬤ФʤƤ⡢ƹȴǤ;͵ȤФФʤ

ΤˤĤΥǥΤˤϥꥫƱդɬפ롣

ϡIMFФФƤȤ餫ˤƤΤΤȤꡢϡIMFФⶨϳۤ餫ˤƤϤʤ

Ρ

ĤޤꡢäʤɤϡIMFˤФƤ⤤θ֤Ȥɼγȡ㤨̳̳ΥݥȤݤäΤ줬ɬ¸뤫ɤ̤Ωʤˡϳۤ餫ˤƤʤȻפΤ

ǤϡΡδ˾ϳ𤨤ʤΤ

ФС˱ɼ礷ʤΤ

ξǤϤǽ⤷ä֥饸䰿ܤɼ礹뤳ȤˤʤСʬɲýлǤ륢ꥫɼϸ뤳ȤˤʤꡢҤƤϥꥫϵݸӼƤޤȤˤʤΤ

ĤޤꡢꥫϤɤʤȤäƤ⡢IMFˤ뤳ޤǤ̤ͥΩ褦ʤȤǧʤǡʤȴIMFɬפäƤ⡢Ȥ뤳ȤϤǤʤȡ

äơǤIMF򽸤뤿ˤϡʳη򤷤ʤФʤʤʤäȤȤʤΤ

ϽФʤϽФꥫ

ФơϽФϽФȤܡ餳ɼγˤĤʤʤIMFФͻȤˤ᤯ʤΤޤƸ֤᤺ˤФΤǡIMF̳ȤƤϡܤѵ褯Τ

Τ褦ʻ򡢤ɤƼҤ¸Ǽ񤤤ƤΤ

ƼҤμΥݥȤߤƤߤ褦


422

G20ƱIMFʤ

˸ɣͣƤλפζ­¤ߤ򤽤Τʡ
ǣɣͣƤʤɤͻǤȤԾ¥ƤǣʤȤ«

ǣεƳΤܡܤǣľɥεФ򿿤ɽ
줬Ƥӿˤʤ̲ѹʤɤȵФɽŤä񡢥ɡ֥饸롢ۤ˶Ϥ˱
ֻͳƹ񤬵ФäΤϻǰ
ϲʧƤʤȡڥο԰¤֤ꡢ꤬徺Ƥ롣ڥκﲽСδdzͤʤ
ǣϲФιդ˵ˤ᤺פȷкѺ¤ʼ»ܤ٤


ʹ422

IMFȽϤä¥

кѤܤ⡢ؤ͢иʤɤˤ礭ǷƤ롣ФǸб³Ƥ桼ǤϽŤ
ǣϡ桼ؤΤʤٱǰƬˣɣͣƤλפ򣴣ɥʣߡĶȽ뤳Ȥǹա
äƤ桼Τ˹ݼҲ񤬶ĴƼ򺹤Τ٤Τʹ褤ιդǼ񤤡Ǥ벤¦μϤ­ʤ
Ϣʣţաˤ̳˻ͻ̤뤿ΰεϤ򣵣桼飸桼˳礹ȯɽϤǤˣٱ˻Ȥä桼ޤۤĤ룵桼⡢ǽŪãΤϣǯȾФͽǤ롣ϡԡɤȤԽʬ
˶۽̺򶯤뤳ޤǤμˡϷкŪˤŪˤ³ˤ롣
ϤȴŪǻ³ǽάžɬפ롣桼ƱĤƳϤΰġ
ѳפ򶯤¥ȤǣɣͣƤܡʻٱˤ桼ʲꤹΤ뤳ȤϹݶĴǤϤʤ
ܤϿˣɣͣƤؤɲõФɽγۤ桼ǤͽФ̡줬ƤӿȤʤäɾʹ뤬ܤäưϡιݹ׸ȸƤ٤Τ
ƹϣɣͣƤؤɲõФԤʤIJλٻʤƱФʤʥϡαƶФɣͣƤλٱѹƤƤ롣
ͤϵ褯Фκ̳ɣͣƤΤˤĤƤۤȤɵʤΤܡϤꤳ̤夲٤


пʹ422

IMFܡɾ¸ߴ˷Ҥ

ηƤäؤΰŸȤ򴿷ޡȤ櫓ܤǣˣɥλФɽơθƤӿ̤ȤΨľɾ
ΣǣǤϡŪʻۤ򼨤ΤϺȤߤƤƹ񤬵иɽʤɿưߤä
б濴ԤΥ桼ô٤ƶкΤ˵ڤ֡
ꥷǿβ͢ФڡܤŪ߹͢лȤǷ
ɣͣƤλϤ֤򤱤֤ܤλɽϡĶ߹˻ߡפΰջɽ
俷ϺγۤϼƤʤзķ踢ȿǤʤߤդǤ뤿ᡢɣͣƤǤȯ϶˷ҡʤĤʡˤʤȤ
ʤɤг󼨤Фʤ顢ԾϺƤɤ֤򤫤Ƥ褦
Ϲ̡кǤ̤褦Ƥ롣
ܤȤƤϡɣͣƤƹ񤫤ι⤤ɾ򡢹ݶͻǺƤ¸ߴ򼨤ˤ


ǡǤ礦

褺μǤŪʬϤ˿ߤʤƤޤޤ

ϡμ⡣ܤ϶ФǤϤʤIMFФȤΤ뤳ȤʤΤǤȤäƤΤñ˶ƱĤȯ٤Ǥꡢ褺äȼμĥ򤹤٤ǤΤǤ

ǸϡФ󡣺ܤλⶨϤϡ߹˻ߤΰջɽȤȼθϪϤʤ˶̣ΤǤͤٻ볤ؤɤʤȻפΤǤˡФƤʸդʤ⡢ƹФƤϰʸäƤʤΤѵˤʤΤǤ

ϡɤμҤιͤٻǤ礦




;ϤΤ뤳ȤäƤ뿷ʹҤϤʤʡȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

֤ǯǺǤ⸭ʥ꡼ƻ椬ļɾפʤƤФܤˤĤΤǤ

äܿܿͤ͡ɽǤ꤬ɾȤʤСϤʤȤΤܲǤ

Ǥ⡢ޤǤʤˤʤäܤμ꤬κɾƤȤΤǤ礦俷ʹˤϤ˽񤤤ƤΤǤ

ƻ亮ȥ󡦥ݥȡŻǡˤϣļؤΥ󥿥ӥ塼Ȥˡܤ񤷤ǤǤ뤫פꤹ뵭Ǻܤ
Ǥϡ꤬ȤǤͤĤΡֺפȤơΨ夲ȯƲƯƷϺꡢʿηкϢȶʣԣУС˻ä󤲤
ϤƱФȤƤȤ֤ǯǺǤ⸭ʥ꡼פɾƤ롣


ʤȤʤ褦ȤƤ̣ʬ褦ʵ⤷ޤϸʸåɬפǤ礦

Can Japan make the tough decisions?

ȥϡܤ񤷤ȽǤ򤹤뤳ȤǤ뤫

աťȥ뤫ϡļ꤬ͥʤɤȸ˥奢󥹤äƤʤΤǤ

The question here is no different than in Europe or the United States: Can democracies still rouse themselves to do hard things?

֤Ǥϡ衼åѤƹǤȰۤʤ뤳ȤϤʤ̱ϡ줤ळȤǤ뤫ȤȤǤ

Here, it is prime ministers who come and go, while indebtedness rises (Japanese government debt is 230 percent of gross domestic product, compared with 103 percent in the United States , according to a new report from the International Monetary Fund) and other problems get kicked down the road.

 ܤǤϡ꤬ñؤ롣ΰǼڶϿIMFκǿˤСƹ̳ܺĹGDP103ǤΤФܤκ̳ĹGDP230ãƤˤ¾ˤꤷƤ꤬

The greatest problem in Japanese politics over the last two decades is that we put off what needed to be done, Noda told me and

ֲ֡20ǯ֤ˤܤκϡ٤ȤФƤ뤳ȤפĤϻ˸

Noda has vowed to double the consumption tax, a kind of national sales tax, from the current 5 percent.

ĤϡǤ򸽺ߤ5󤫤ä

He wants to restart at least some of Japans 54 nuclear power plants

54θȯŽΤʤƤĤƳ˾Ǥ

He is trying to resolve a long-festering dispute over U.S. military bases in Okinawa.

ϡĹֵˤʤäƤ벭Ʒ褷褦ȤƤ

And he wants Japan to join free-trade negotiations in the Pacific region that alarm this countrys coddled rice farmers.

֤ϡȤٲƤTPP˻ä褦ȤƤ

Its really a question of political culture, Noda told us, an issue of whether Japanese politicians can act in the national interest.

ʸǤĤϸܤȤŪϤǹư뤳ȤǤ뤫ɤȡ

ޤɤǤƤ⡢ޤļ꤬ɾͳʬʤΤǤ

Administration officials appreciate that Noda has moved the U.S.-Japan alliance back to the center of Japanese strategy after his predecessors flirted with balancing between China and the United States. Noda said Thursday that his unshakable conviction that the alliance is the foundation of Japanese security was only fortified by U.S. help during the March 2011 disaster.

ܴطԤϡǤԤƹŷˤϮǡĤƱܤά濴ᤷɾ롣ĤƱܤΰݾפǤȤ뤮ʤο2011ǯ3ο̺ҸΥꥫλٱˤäƶ줿ȽҤ٤

ǤϡäѤƱ˴ؤĻιͤɾͳȤȤʤΤǤ礦

ʤΤǤθʸϤǡؤΰžäФƤޤ

ǡǸˤʸϤФƤΤǤ

But after two relatively flamboyant but utterly clueless premiers, Nodas solidity is welcome.

֤2ͤɼ̵ǽθǤϡĤη¤ϴޤΤ

ɡϡǤʤɤ礦Ǥꡢ⥢ꥫФ뵤ǤΤǡۤȤȤˤʤΤǤ礦

ޤ٤СɤäƤޤȤ˸뤳ȤǤ礦ä˺ǽϡƹȤǤ顣

Ǥ⡢ƹ⡢ܤŷˤϮ֤褦ʤȤ򤷤ƤΤǤ͡


Τˡ֤ǯǺǤ⸭ʥ꡼פȤɾϴְäƤʤȴå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

½̳ä亮ȥǤG20ˤơܤIMFؤεФƤޤ

䡢פΤǤŤˤƤ⵬Ϥ礭ޤ󤫡600ɥλФȤΤǤ顣600ɥȸС5ߡ̱ΰ4ߤô뤳ȤˤʤΤǤ

ˡꥫϤɤ뤫ȸСϽФʤǸƤΤǤꥫΰոȿܤư롩ɤѤʤΤǤ

ޤݶϤȤȤǡкѤΰˤĤʤΤǤСܤ⤽ʤô򤹤٤ȤΤʬʤǤϤʤΤǤܤ˵ۤμڶ⤬ȤäƤǤϤ졢Ϥ졣

ԤѰʾϤʰʾϤ㤦ˤϵIJξǧɬפǤΤˡ½äϡεФηǹξǧ褦ʤȤäΤǤ礦

󡢤ʤȤϤʤΤǤޤεİ⿲˿塣ƹ̱⿲˿塣εФϡ̲פͽ̤Ƥ뤿ˡ˴ޤޤƤȤǤΤǤ

ɤ祤ޤ͡

ޤϤȤơܤIMFФɽˤϤɤԲIJʤȤ¿ΤǤ

󡢹̱Τʤˤϡܤ̱Ǥǡˤ׿񤤤ΤʤƤȽ򤹤͡ΤϾΤƤΤǤʳˤȤƤ⿼꤬ΤǤ

褺ͥåȤǥ˥塼ߤƤȡФΥ˥塼⤬ܤˤĤޤܤIMFؤεФˤϤɤʰ̣Τȡ

ݥȤޤ

QܤƹΩä600ɥλФɽ̣ϡ

A᤯«˸碌кѤ䳤кѤ𤹤Сְ񻺡פȤߤ졢߹⤬޷˿ʹԤ붲줬롣ư֡ŵʤܤ͢дȤ礭Ƿʵ٤Ƥޤ


ޤ«Ʊ߹˻ߤ뤿ɬפʤΤȸȡʤʤϤĤΤǤʤۤɺǯĶ߹ϡطʤˤưǤ뤳Ȥï⤬ǧȤǤΤǤˤäƱ߹ˤʤΤǤС߹򿩤ߤ뤿ˤϡȤƤⲤ«ɬפ롢ȡ

ΤˤʤΤǤ礦ŤǤ⡢ʤΩɤͳΤǤСεԲ񸫤ξǰ½äϤλݹ̱ʤäΤǤ礦

ɤԲIJǤΤǤˡäƺ߱߰¤˻äƤȻפΤǤСκǤˤʤΤܤ˺˼ȤмȤۤɱߤοǧϹޤꡢ߹ˤʤΨ⤤ȻפΤǤǡǤ礦

Ĥޤꡢˤϡα߹ȤͳϡïõФñʤˤʹʤΤǤ

ޤϸäƤ⡢Ⲥ᤯ޤ뤳ȤԤΤϤΤȤǡ㤦ȤϡǡˤƤ¸뤫ȤȤʤΤǤ

ǤϡɤΤ

ϡ䤬äƤ褦ˡꥷʤɤŪ˥桼ΥæˡǤΤǤäƼ̲ߤ뤳ȤˤʤС̲ߤβͤ㲼Ȥ̤ˤäơŪ˷ʵ뤳ȤԤΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢ«Ʊ߰¤˻äƤȤƤ⡢ɬܤIMF˻ФȤɬפǤϤʤΤǤ

¾ˤԲIJʤȤΤǤ

ϡܤ¿ۤεФԤȤǡܤȯ礵뤳ȤˤĤʤȸƤΤǤ

˴ؤϡ⤷IMFΥȥåפΥݥȤܿͤ褦ʤȤˤĤʤΤǤСפδ顢ʤ餽ǾϻٻǤȤͤǤܤ¿ۤλⶨϤ򤷤Ƥ⡢ܤȯγˤϤɤҤʤ褦ʤΤǤ

ȤΤ⡢SankeiBizΤ褦󤸤Ƥ뤫ǤΤǤ

֣Σϰʣǣ˺̳ꡦ۲Ĥɽ롣Ūˤϡ߽볰ػ̲סʳòˤͭ񻺤ѤɣͣƤˣɥޤߤդͻȤꤹ

ޤǺεФη˴ؤƤϡܤIMFФФȤƤΤǡϤƤäɼγ˷ҤлȤȤΤФȻפäƤΤǤȤǤϤʤIMFͻ񤹤ȤΤȡ

ǾФ椬򤱤ΤǤ

ȤΤ⡢󤴾Τ⤷ޤ󤬡󡢥ꥫIMFؤϽФʤȰϤäƤΤǤơѹƹƱĴƤϽФʤȡ

Ǥϡꥫʤβ񤬤Фʤޤޡܤʤɤɲýл˱뤳ȤˤʤȤɤʤΤ

ƹɼϽлۤ˱ƳƤΤǡΤȤʤɲýл˱ʤꥫɼΨ㲼ܤʤɲýл˱ɼΨϾ夬롢ȡ

¤Ϥ礭꤬ǤΤǤȤΤ⡢ꥫϡΨɼݤ뤳ȤˤäƵݸͭƤ뤫ʤΤǤĤޤꡢǡʤƷ˴ؤƤ⡢ꥫݸԻȤС¸ǤʤƥˤʤäƤΤIMFαĤǤΤǤ

ǤϡꥫϡIMFɲýлϤݸ褦ʻ֤ˤʤ뤳ȤߤʤȹͤƤȤȤǤ礦

ȤǤʤꥫݸ־夹ʤɹͤʤȤʤΤǤĤޤꡢꥫ϶ϽФʤ٤Ȥϸ³롢ȡ

ĤޤꡢꥫΰոºŤ褦ȤΤǤСܤʤɤIMFؤλⶨϤϡлʳη餶äͻη֤ꤵȤȤˤʤΤǤ礦äơܤ¿ۤλⶨϤԤäƤ⡢ܤȯ礹뤳ȤˤϤʤʤΤǤ

½äϡΤ褦ʤȤ̱ˤäǡG20פ٤ǤϤʤäΤǤ礦

󡢹̱ȤƤϡƤܤȯˤĤʤΤǤʤСܤˤȤäƤϲΥåȤ뤫ȤʤäƤޤΤǤϡ½äϤΤ褦ʺ٤ȤߤˤĤơ̤ƽʬ򤷤ƤΤ

ǸˡIMF˵ФνнˤĤƤȻפޤ

󤸤ƤȤˤСIMF˵Фϡ̲פΤѤȤΤȤǤ¤ϤΤѤ뤳Ȥ˻礤ʤ԰¤򴶤ʤΤǤ

ȤΤ⡢ܤϡòʻ񻺤ͭƤΤΡƱˤɤŨĤͭƤ뤫ǤΤǤĤޤꡢ椬ܤϵ褯IMFˤߤĤ褦ȤϸäƤϤΤΡΤϼ¤ϼʬ;͵ǤϤʤԾ줫Ĵã⡢ĤޤڶǤΤǤ⡢μڶνԴ֤ϿȤû֤ǤΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢܤ㤨3֤ûڷȯԤƤĴãIMFߤդ롢ȡơIMFϤ򥮥ꥷʤιߤդ롢ȡΤȤʤ鲤κ̳꤬û֤Dz򤹤뤳ȤϤʤƷƻ˾뤿ˤϲǯȤĹǯΤǤܤIMFߤդֺѤϡ3ˬΤǤ

ϲΤ

ĤޤꡢαѤȻĴã˴֤ΥߥޥåȤȤʤΤǤ

Ĥơ1980ǯ˥ꥫS&LбĴ˸줿Τ⡢֤ΥߥޥåˤʤäƤΤǤƵ˿ꥫνХ֥⡢Ҥδ֤ΥߥޥåˤʤäƤΤǤ

䤬ȡˤǤΤǤСĹƹĤ񤷤Ƥ븽Ǥ⡢֤ΥߥޥåƤΤǤϤʤȤ䤬ȻפΤǤĹƹĤͭƤȤƤ⡢ƹĤϻԾǤĤǤⴹ⤬ǽǤΤǡ֤ΥߥޥåϵʤΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢ԷʻαѤ򺣺̳ü餬ԤȤƤΤǤꥹˤĤơɤ½äϾΤƤΤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ɤƤIMFˤͻ񤷤ȤΤǤСIMFϤȷʪ餤ôݤ˼äǹԤ٤ȻפΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢ꥫ1ɥФʤȸäƤΤˡܤΨ褷ƽФΤ˱߹򤹤뤿ȤͳˤƤ⡢ܤΰزȽƤΤϡȤȤ½ä˺줿ΤǤ礦



IMFˤФΤǤСôݤ٤Ȼפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

2011ǯ٤ǰ׼٤ȯɽˤʤޤ

ɤΤ褦ʷ̤ˤʤäϤ¸ΤǤ礦

ޤʹƤʤǤ⡢ޤʹƤʤƤ⡢ΤͽۤϤĤȦǤΤʤС2011ǯǰ׼٤ȯɽˤʤꡢΤȤ礤˴ؿ򽸤᤿Ǥ

Ǥϡ2011ǯ٤ǰ׼٤ϤɤʤäΤ

ֻʤǤ硩

󡢤ΤȤꡣǤϡֻϤɤΤ褦ɾǤ礦

֤ɤɾ뤫ȸƤš

顢ǰ׼٤ֻϺ³ȤߤΤȤŪʸݤǤꡢޤǰ׹׾夹뤳ȤˤʤȤߤΤ

䤤뤿ˤϡ2011ǯ٤ǰ׼٤ֻˤʤäͤ뤳ȤɬפȤʤΤǤǰ׼٤10ǯ֤ۤɤǡɤΤ褦˿ܤƤߤƤߤޤ礦

ǰ׼٤οܡ䡡
͢С͢
1999ǯ١485476ߡ364516ߡ120960
2000ǯ١520452ߡ424494ߡ 95959
2001ǯ١485928ߡ415090ߡ 70837
2002ǯ١527271ߡ430671ߡ 96600
2003ǯ١560603ߡ448552ߡ112051
2004ǯ١617194ߡ503858ߡ113336
2005ǯ١682902ߡ605113ߡ 77789
2006ǯ١774606ߡ684473ߡ 90132
2007ǯ١851134ߡ749581ߡ101553
2008ǯ١711456ߡ719104ߡ7648
2009ǯ١590079ߡ538209ߡ 51870
2010ǯ١677888ߡ624567ߡ 53321
2011ǯ١652819ߡ696920ߡ44101

 

ǡǤ礦ˤʤޤ

֤Ƶޤǰ׼٤ƤΤʤ

ϤΤ褦ˤˤʤޤ

Τˡޤǰ׼٤ֻ˴٤äΤϡ꡼ޥ󥷥åä2008ǯ٤ǡ⤽ǯ٤ˤϤ˲ƤΤǤΤȤ餷Ƥ⡢2011ǯ٤ǰֻ϶äͤΤˤֻϡ4ߤˤäƤΤǤ

ϡ¾ˤä٤ȻפΤǤ

͢ФοܤߤƲ

桹ϤȤ⤹СɬװʾѤƷкѤ򸫤ʤΤǤ

ܤ϶ƶʤߡɤʤΤʤơ

Ǥ⡢ˤϺǶοǯ֤С͢Ф¤˿ӤƤƤΤǤ줬äˤǤ礦

Ƥޤܤ͢дȤϱ߹ѤܤäƤʤƤˤϡʤ¤͢Ф򿭤ФƤƤΤǤ

ϤȤơŤǤϡ2011ǯ٤ǰֻθϲ

ϡ绨Ĥ˸С͢Фꡢ͢ǤΤǤ

Ǥϡ͢ФäΤ

󡢰Ĥˤϱ߹⤬ʤȤطʤ⤢ΤǤ礦ͳϡȤäƤ̺ҸΥץ饤Ǥǡư֤ʤɤθ;ʤ줿ȡơˤϡطʤФʤʤɤ͢ФȤǤΤǤ

͢ϲäΤ

̺ҤطƤΤǤĤޤꡢȯΤꡢȯŽ꤬ߤޤäDzȯŤؤΥեȤꡢη̡ȤʤLNG͢ȤΤǤĤޤꡢ⤷LNGۤ͢ǯ¤ߤˤȤɤޤäƤȤСΤۤ͢2߼Ͼʤʤꡢηǰ׼٤ֻºݤȾʬۤɤǺѤǤǽΤǤ

Ǥϡ͢Фθ͢ä⡢̺ҤȤŪװˤΤ顢2012ǯ٤ϰžֻž뤳ȤԤǤΤ

Τˡ͢ФϺƤӲ뤳ȤԤǤΤǤLNG͢ˤĤƤϡ⺣ޤǤƱ褦ʥڡ͢򤹤뤳Ȥ;ʤǤ礦顢ۤ͢οˤޤȤȤϡLNGʤ㲼ʤ¤Ԥ뤳Ȥ񤷤ΤǤ

ƤߤС͢Ф뤳Ȥˤäơ2012ǯ٤ǰ׼٤ֻ׾夷ʤƺѤ٤ˤʤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ʤƤ⡢ܤǰֻ夷ȽǤΤϾǤ뵤ΤǤ

⤬庣ʾ˱ƶͿʡȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ޥߤȤήԤ뤳ΥͥåȤǤΨľ˸СϤʸϹǤϤޤ󡣤ȤΥͥåȤ⡢ݥ󥵡äդ褦ˤʤꡢƥƥ¤ߤ礭ʱƶϤĤ褦ˤʤС褦ʱ̿éΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢ФīμȤϤʤ󤿤뤳Ȥ

ɤߤˤʤޤ

褺Фμ⡣

Ԥդ㤦Τ϶ڤ㤦ס419

Ԥ㤦Τ϶ڤ㤦Ǥй㤤٤

ͭĥܤ򤱤Ƥ롣

ݾϹǤ餦ʬ

̱ǶȤäƹƤ⡢̱ˤɤΤ

ͭ褤Ƥݤ˹ΤǤϤʤ

亮ȥŷŪˤäȯɽиλΤˤϰ´Ĥ롣


ϡīμ⡣

иȯ̵Ǥס418

λ˻ͤθޤʸʤɸ碌ΤȤ٤Ǥ롣

бԲ˻פäƤ͡α򲼤̤Ϥ

ԤλŻǤϤʤ

ܿͤΦȿȯƤΤȤϤä

ΤĹиˡڤ褹ƤϤʤܤγ˰ƶͿ뤳ȤΤϤߤ򹭤Τϡ̵Ǥ

¦бˤ⼫롣

ξ̱ߤȽäơΤΤ

ѤäФīؤбǤ⡢ܤȤϢȤϷ礫ʤ

̱ǶȤä㤦ȤĤ䡣

ǶȤäΥѥեޥ󥹤򤷤Ƥ褦ˤ⸫롣

Ԥ⳰ôܤͭޤˤʤäƤ롣


ǡǤ礦

ϡīŤȤФŤȤȤ褦ˡåƥŽäȽǤ褦ʤȤϤϤޤϡäƤ뤫ʤΤǤ

褺äī˴ؤƸ뤳ȤϡиϲˡΧ˿褦ʰȤ򤷤ΤȤȤʤΤǤ褷ƤʤȤϤޤ󡣤ܤι̱ȤơϰȤȤơλȤơǤϰϤ̳̤ȤäʤΤǤ

ơξȤ⡢¾ڤʬΤΤȸĥФơۤ񤹤ʤΤѵˤʤΤǤīʤɤϡּפȤΤߡȸǡ꤬Ȥʹ񤫤ɤΤ餤ϤƯʤΤǤ礦

ɡξȤ⡢ɷ㤷ʤܤˤȤäƤȤʤΤǤ

䡢פΤǤܿͤΰŪ¿˲򴶤ޤФƤϡ¿̵ʤȤ줿ꤵ줿ꤷƤ⡢˷ʤȤͥ褷ȤΤǤСʤ餽ĤǤǤ礦ȡ

Ĥޤꡢ򹥤ˤʤäˤΤȤȾȾʤ⤪פޤ
֤ȸäȦΤ򤽤ˤȤ֤ȤʤƤ⡢ʤ餽ǤǤϤʤȽפȤǤΤǤ

Ǥϡܿͤ¿ʴƤΤξʿ¤ݻ뤿ˡΰĤĤƤäƤ⤤ȻפäƤΤ

褷ƤǤϤʤΤǤɤŪ¿ڤꤿȡ

Ǥϡ縢Ԥι̱褦ʻפƤΤȤС¸ΤܤǤꡢȤǤǤϤʤΤǤ礦ޤι̱λפۤΤʹҤ̳ǤϤʤΤǤ礦

ơξȤ⡢ԤλŻǤϤʤܤλŻȼĥΤǤ

ʤȡиλǤޤ桹̱äƤʬäƤΤǤܤ٤ȤʤΤǡФꤸƤäǤ⡢Ṯ̌Ƕ򹥤ϲ񤷤褦ȤΤǤϤʤΤǤ

ˡդΤθήͻҤҲ𤹤ŸۤǤߤ⳰¿δѸҤ򽸤뤳ȤǤ⤹СԤϡλȤ٤뤳Ȥ⽽ʬˤΤǤ

äơŸۤդ˷ߤ졢ïǤ⸫ؤ뤳ȤǤ褦ˤʤСˬ줿ȻפǤ硩

줫顢Ԥ㤦ΤǤϤʤ㤦٤Ȥĥ⾯

ϡ㤦٤ȤĿͤνͭˤƤΤŬǤϤʤȤȤǤϤʤΤǤ֤ͭϸĿͤΤΤǤäȤƤ⡢ǤäƼȤȤʤΤǤ

ϳΤ˹νͭˤϤʤäƤʤΤΡڤ夲ֿ̱ͤΦǤʤȤäƤΤǤΤȼΤΤǤܤڤǤܿͤΦ뤳ȤǧʤΤɡɷ㤷ʤȤͤƤΤܤ٤ǤΤǤ顢λʤ¤ꡢ礬νͭˤʤäƤ⺬ŪʲˤϤʤʤΤǤ

Ҷ夲ͷǤޤλҶݤҤǺäŤǤΤǤ⤯夬ꡢѤ줷ȡ٤βȤζλҶФơ褳ȤΤǤϼʬΤΤȡ

λҶ̵Ϥ줿λҶϰΤɤ餤ΤǤ礦

޳ѼʬϫƺäϤΤϤʤȾݤ⤹ΤǤˡȤʹʤȡοƤʬοƤ˲ʬʤ

μʬΤΤ򲿤ͳʤʤФʤʤΤ

ɤ餤ʬʤΤǡع̤٤ʤΤ

ǡǤ礦

īФäƤΤϡعͧãǺ߻̤Τϡ礭Ƥޤߤ᤿ȸäƤΤǤ٤βȤϤ顢ɷ㤷»Ǥ衢ȡ

ī˸īʹ˳ݤäơ񤬡դΤΤ٤ȸʤȳȤäƤȤΤǤСīθʬǧޤ礦ȡ



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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

иλκչײޥߤƻϡɤͤƤʪ˿褦ʰǤΤǤ

ʪ˿ȤäƤ⡢μʪȤиΤȤǤϤʤǤΤǤ

ƥӶɤΤʤˤϼˤ褦󤸤ȤΤǤ

ֺ¦ϳŤбƤפȡ

ХʤȤäƤϤޤ̳ʤƻϡȤƼΤ褦˸äƤǤϤʤǤ

λչϡˡְˡǤꡢ̵סսθͭڤǡ褦;ϤΤʤ縢ͭס¦ʤ֤ȡ硹°Ȥ¤Ѥ뤳ȤǤʤ

ޤʤȤΰ̱󥿥ӥ塼ƸȤϥͥåȾȯ٤ǤСܤȤƤ⡢Ťбɬפ⤷ޤ󡣤̳ʤƻˤʤȤäƤΤǤ

ΡܤϡФȿȯʤΤγ̳ʤۤäƤΤ

ǤϤޤ󡣻ˤϡ̳ʤƬ椬Ǥޤ󡣤ϡ̳ʤϡդͭ˴ؤơӤƼΤ褦˸äƤ뤫ʤΤǤ

դ˴ؤơ¸ߤʤ

ɴäơŰäơܤϤʤ󤫤ǡ¦ᡢ¦դ˴ؤƲ碌ʤǤΤǤСʤ顢ä򤷤˸äơ¸ߤޤ󤫤פʤƤȤΤǤΤǤ

¤ϤȿСϡΤͭĥξ¹԰٤Ѥ߽Ťͤ褦ȤƤΤǤ

ǡ꤬¸ߤʤȤΤǤСɤʥ˳Τ

Ǥ⡢Ի׵ĤʤȤˤιͤ˴ؤƤϡο͡ȳ̳ʤˤϴ̯ʶΤǤʤΤǤɤ¸ߤʤȸȤǤ

Τˡ桹ϡդܸͭڤǤȿƵʤĤޤꡢդ100ܤΤΤȡȸä꤬¸ߤʤȤŪѤΤǤ礦ΤʤС¦ϡդϼʬΤΤȸäƤ뤫ʤΤǤ

餯̳ŪȯۤˤСĤι񤬤ϰˤ˴ؤͭĥƤ褦ʾǡɤͭ°뤫Τ˷ꤷΤߤ꤬¸ߤ륱ȹͤƤȤȤˤʤΤǤ礦ʹͤ餹С椬ϡ椬ʸȻפ礷ĥ뤳ȤϤʤΤǡ椬ξˤϡ褷꤬¸ߤ뤳ȤʤɤʤʤäƤޤΤǤ

Ǥϡ꤬ʤܤϹʹʤΤ

Ǥ⡢꤬¸ߤʤƤ⡢ڤ뤤¸ߤ뤳ȤǤʤΤǡ̳Ūʹͤʤ̣ʤΤǤ

ʤȤäɤ

̶Ӿdzޤ줿Ȥޤ礦ơﳲϤٻ˽ФȤޤٻΤǤϳޤ줿ȸޤ줿ʽͭԤϵǤ뤳Ȥϴְ㤤ʤ顢γνͭ˴ؤ褤Ȧʤ

ϤʤΤǤö긵ΥƤޤäᤵʤȤˤϤɤˤʤʤΤǤĤޤꡢˡŪʸطɤʤ뤫ȤȤǤϤʤ¤˼줿᤹ȤڤʤΤȡ

⤷ٻ٤褦ǤСϤɤ뤳ȤǤ礦ʤС⤦ϵߺѤʤȡˤʤΤϼʬǤΤǤ

⤦ٸޤդͭĥΤѤΰο͡ǤΤǤСܤȤƲȿ뤳ȤϤʤǤ礦¸ߤʤȸäƤƤ⤤Ǥ礦

ܤϡդΤΤȤϤääƤΤǤȤСФդܤΤΤǤ뤫顢ܤθ򿯳褦ʤȤΤϻߤ٤ܤϸ٤ǤΤǤ

ʤΤ˲θʤΤ

ϡܤδȤ˿ФƤŰϡ񤫤δѸҤƤˤƤŤĤޤꡢкŪʤȤθƤΤȤȻפΤǤƥȤΥݥ󥵡ǤήȤ¿ȤοĤʤäƤ뤿ˡɬװʾ˻ɷ㤷ʤȹͤƤȤȤǤΤǤ

Ϥޤ㤨г򴱤ΩˤʤС;ˤɷ㤹̵ͭ¦餤褦ʤȤˤʤ꤫ͤʤȡ

Ǥ⡢줬¤ȤС򴱤ϰïΤ˳äƤΤȡʤäƤޤΤǤ

ʤ¸ߤʤȺǤĥ볰̳ʤϡʤ¸ߤʤȶۤ붵ѰʸʳؾʤȤɤƤŤʤäƸƤޤΤǤ

褺¤ҴŪİ뤳Ȥʤˡɤ꤬ǤȤΤǤ礦

꤬¸ߤǧ᤿ȤƤ⡢դФܤͭˤ⵿ꤲΤǤϤʤΤǤΤȤϳ̳ʤȤ褯ääơϤǧ᤿ǡθʬऱƻõ٤ȻפΤǤ

ۣ˺ѤޤȤˡʤǤϤʤΤǤ礦ޤ񤬼ʬͭĥǡ¦ۣ٤˽Ϥ뤳ȤˤʤСθʬǧ뤳ȤˤʤäƤޤΤǤ

񤬤ĤޤǤ»ΤιˤʤʤȤСǤΰü˴Ť򤹤¦ˤ⤢ȤȤʤΤǤ

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