кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2012ǯ10

кѥͥȤϸ˶̤ʤΤǤ¹¸ΤǤ礦򴱤ǡɾť٥ȥ顼ȤȸäƤ⤷ޤ

¹᤬NHKΥ饸ؤ˽б餷դˤĤƸäƤΤǤ

饸ؤʤƿȹİΤǤϤʤȻפΤǤŤʤ󤿤äƻӤǤꡢĤΤʤʹƤȻפΤǤ򴱤դβˡȤΤ顢Ĥ㤬㤨ƤޤäΤǤ

ϡγ̳ʤϡդˤĤƤͭȤ¸ߤʤȸĥΤѵ˻פäƤΤǤ

μԤ˽Ϲ԰٤ɼȤ⡢դγ׿ŪפȤޤǸˡܤϡ¸ߤʤȸȤǤΤȡ

ʬΤǤ衣桹ܿͤդܤڤǤȿäƤǤ顢ʤɤäƤϤʤΤǤʤΤǤˤɤι񤬤ĤƤ⡢ʼĥϰ콳Фȡ

Ǥ⡢դϡιؿޤʤĤƤǤơФܤλλٻΨ礭ƶͿƤ뤳Ȥ¤Ǥ

ˤ⹴餺̳ʤΤߤʤ餺椬ޤǡäѤդˤĤƤ¸ߤʤȤĥӤƤΤǤ

ǸΤʤ褦˸äƤͤФʤޤ

ϡ¦θʬιꡢΰǡܤμĥ˼ʤƹͤƤΤǤϤʤΤǤܤγ̳ʤΥۡڡ˼줿ĥɤդܤڤǤ뤳Ȥϴְ㤤ʤȹͤƤꡢäơ񤬤ʤȸθʬŪǧ뤳ȤϤʤפǤ

ΤȤȡͭؤƸ褤¤ȤΤΤǤ

ΤʤСȤϻǧǤ뤫Ǥ

顢ȤδطؤݤȤȤ볰̳ʼȤƤäѤϤʤȸڤΤ̤ǤʤΤǤ

ĤޤꡢϾäƤΤ顢NHKΥ饸ؤʹƤơ򴱤¹᤬ä򤹤ʹˤϡϤҤäȤε뤫ʡȴԤ⤷ΤǤ

ǤϡäİƤߤƤɤΤ

ϡ̳ʤΩˤʤäơˤĤƤ꤬¸ߤ뤬դˤĤƤ¸ߤʤФʤΤǤΤȸСϡڹ񤬼¸ۤ򤷤ƤơդˤĤƤܤ¸ۤ򤷤Ƥ뤫ȡ

Ǥ⡢ǤǼǤʤΤǤ

ΤȸСڹ¸ۤ򤷤Ƥ뤫ȸäơ桹ܿͤϡդƱͤˤ礬100ܤڤȿƤ뤫ǤĤޤꡢڹ¹ԻۤƤȸäƤ⡢ϴڹˡܤڤ򤷤ƤäǤäơ礬ܤڤǤ뤳Ȥˤ⵿䤬ʤʤ顢դ˴ؤ꤬¸ߤʤȸΤƱ褦ˤĤƤ¸ߤʤȸʤжڤ̤ʤΤǤ

Ǥʤ̳ʤΡפȤդλȤ˰̣򸫽ФȤʤС񤬼¸ۤ򤷤Ƥ뤫ɤǡפ¸ߤ뤫ɤޤȤȤˤʤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ˤơפ񤬡ܰʳˤȤΤǤ礦

ΤȤ褺ΤꤿNHKʹΥǥ쥯ϡʹƤäϡ䳰̳ä˼򤹤İ˴˾ܤˤȤäơפȤϲ̣Τ

ΤȤ餫ˤʤ顢꤬˿ʤޤʤΤǤ

ΤʤС꤬¸ߤʤȸڤäƤޤС꤬¸ߤʤʾ塢ФнɬפǤϤʤǤ

ܤϡ¸ߤʤȸĤĤ⡢㤨СդˤïΦ褦ȤʤǤʤꤸդνͭޤǼΤǤ

դνͭȸСïդνͭơդ˷¤ʪƤɷ㤹뤳Ȥˤʤ뤫顢֤̤ɻߤ뤿ʤΤǤ

ޤΤȤͤƹưƤѤäɷ㤷ʤΤǤ

Ǥɤ꤬¸ߤʤʤƸȤǤΤǤ礦

Τʤ褦ˤ⤦٤ϤäƤȻפޤ䤬դ˴ؤ꤬¸ߤȤäƤ⡢¦θʬ򾯤ǤǧȤǤϤʤΤǤǤϤʤμĥʬʤȤƤ⡢¦Ťܤ˹Ĥ³Ƥ¤ǧäǤ

ˤƤ⡢ε¹ϾȤϤʤޤǤΤ褦Ȥͭνߤê夲ˤƤܤˤʤΤ顢ΤʤΤȸФꡣ

¿ܿͤϡˤʤ뤫ɤʤơʶʤʪͤƤΤǤϤʤΤǤ

󡢤ɤʤȤäƤդܤΤΤǤäơ褷դȤʤɤʤȹͤǮŪʿͤ⤤Ǥ礦¿οͤϡդܤڤǤȿΤǡ鼫ڤ뤳ȤɬפȹͤΤǤ

ȤȤϡ졢դ꤬ͭ㤨йݻˡȽȽǤ򤵤褦ʻ֤ˤäȤơηܤμĥǧʤäȤƤ⡢ʤ餽ܰդǤϤ뤬η̤줶ʤȻפͤ¿ȻפΤǤ餯ȿФǤ礦ϡɤʤΩŪʵؤȽǤ򲼤Ƥ⡢ʬμĥʤСʺȽ̵ȼĥǤ礦

Τˡѱɸˬ衢դê夲ˤ졢ơϤĤβˡǤäȻפΤǤ

䤽ê夲ǤǤϤʤʤäƤΤˡ¹ϡê夲ɤʤƸäƤΤǤ

Ϥääơ񤬵̱äդ˾Φ褦ʤƤʤСŰϡΥȥåפդγ׿ŪפʤƸʤСʤ餽ê夲ˤƤȤ⼡κȤƤǤ礦

40ǯȤϰۤʤäƤƤΤǤ

¹ϡê夲ξ֤ˤƤȤϡܤˤȤäפ뤳ȤȤĥޤê夲ˤǤꡢܤˤͭʤΤȡΤȤСê夲ȸäƤ⡢ϡܤ¸ۤ򤹤뤳ȤǧƤΤ顢ȡ

ܤ¸ۤƤȤϸäƤ⡢ܤι̱г̱դ˾Φ뤳ȤǤʤΤǤ

̳ʤΥۡڡƤȤꡢ̳ʼȤդ100ܤΤΤǤ˿ΤǤСê夲ʤɼΤǤ礦

Ǥ硩ܤθʬȻפθʬ⤽ʤ˷İͤ뤫顢ŶȤê夲ȤȤˤʤΤȻפΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢¹ϡˤĤƤ;ͤͤƹͤ⡢ä礤ǡ㤨פȾ褦ʤȤõΤ˾ޤȼĥΤǤɤä餽ʤȤ¸ǤȸΤǤ礦

äơϤǤ衣

¹ϡ񤬲κǶᡢܤդ߼äפȤɽȤΤͳޤƤޤǤݥĥˤΤ褦ɽȤƤꡢܤݥĥȤȤϡܤ߼äդִԤ뤳Ȥ˹դȤ̣뤫ȡ

ǤϡΡܤϡդ񤫤߼äȤΤǤ礦

Τˡηаޤ򿶤֤С¦λθƤ¤ΤǤܤϡδ֤Ϳơܤդܤڤ뤳ȤФư۵ĤҤ٤󥹤ͿƤΤǤϤʤΤǤ礦

ǤåäȤȤˤʤΤǤ礦



¹μĥϡٻǤʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ޤ̳Ĥޤ

ʤΤǤä˻̳Ǥ夬äƤΤǤ

ʹάôΡ֤ޤϤפʿǯμޥ󥷥Թˤΰ켼ּ礿̳פȤ̳ʤϤФơĶηо׾夷ƤȤпʹĴ٤ʬä

Ǥ⡢ɤäϡֻ̳ȤƤäȤΤפȽҤ١ϤʤǤǤ

ϡηˤĤƤɤפޤ

¿ʬ¿ϡäθȤȴƤΤǤϤʤǤ礦ϡ뤳ȤϤǤʤȡ

ΰǡμޥ󥷥̳ȤϤФȤʤ˰ȤʤΤȡ˻פäƤ⤤Ǥ礦

ˤƤ⡢ޤǻ̳Ǥ񤫤줿Ѥʿ˾ΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢ᤬ǤΤȸСϤС¿οͤƱ褦ʤȤ򤷤Ƥꡢξ塢ʬξˤ˻ٽФ꤬äȤƤ⡢γۤ7ǯ֤Ǥä1200ߤۤɤζۤǤȤפǤϤʤǤ礦

Ȥǰ߿򤹤˥塼ʹƤïäʤ褦ʸ¤ΤˡμʬդΤ

⤷äͤäƤȤ顢ǧְäƤȤ褦ʤΤǤ

Τʤ褦˸Ȼפޤ

Ȥäƿʹ֡Ȥ⡢ʹֽͤۤȤˤʤꤿ뷹ΤǤϤʤǤ礦ˡδط⤢ˤϥХ˹ԤȤ⤢Ǥ礦Ϲ쥹ȥǿ򤹤ɬפ⤢Ǥ礦

äʤɤɬפϤʤʤʤȤϸޤ⤢뤳ȤǤȤȤ⤢Ǥ礦

Ǥä餽ѤϡưȤƲȷ׾夹٤ǤΤǤϡ줬ʤŪʤȤ٤ʤΤǤ

ΤɤȤȤ̳ʤɤ׾夹뤳ȤͤΤǤ

ȤȤ϶ߤʤΡ߿ʤɼʬڤिλٽФʤ顢ʬΥݥåȥޥ͡Ф٤ʤΤˡŤȽʤ⤬긵ˤΤ顢ĤѤƤޤȡĤޤꡢȤˤǶΤʤʸΩˡĴ񤬻ٵ뤵¾ѡƥǤޤȤߤˤʤäƤΤǤ

⤦ٸޤȤʹ֤顢Х⡢Ϲ쥹ȥˤԤǤ礦

ϡΤΤɤФʤΤǤ

ɤ餪ФʤƹͤʤƤ⡢ʸΩˡĴ񡢰ϡƤä⤬긵ˤΤȻפΤǤ礦

Ƕ⤬뤪⤫ɤ̤ˤơ긵ˤ⤬ʤФʤλȤǤʤǤΤĤȤäƤޤΤǤ

̱ΰͤȤƸ

ˤǶ⤬ޤǤϡǶ⤬ʤΤϡ̱ΤưȤӰʳ˻ȤȤʤɤʤȿƤ뤫ΤǤդ˸СĿŪӤ˻ȤȤʤɡäƤϤʤʤȡơǶ⤬뤳ȤʤȤȤϡʬ̱ôˤʤäƤȤ˺ƤϤޤ

ʸ򡢼ºݤ˵İȤƤĴưΤ˻ѤΤǤСǶ򤫤뤳ȤŬǤϤʤȤȤϡΤȤǤ礦

ºݤˤʸϡ¾岿˻ȤäƤ⤪Ϥʤ

Ǥ⡢Ȥäơʸʤ˻ȤȤΤǤ礦ʳˤĤƤƱȤΤǤ

פ˲ι̱ܤʤФʤȸСȤưˤϤ⤬뤫Ȥǡ޽Ϳꡢ̵Ǥʸ񡢰ϡ̵ǤǧƤΤˡȤϡŤʤŪ˻ѤƤ뤫ʤΤǤ

ĤޤꡢȤϡ̱򵽤Ƥ롢ȡ

¿Ȥ褦ʤȤ򤷤Ƥ뤿ˡȤδФޥҤƤޤäƤΤǤ

ɡȤιưƻ뤹뤳ȤʤʪŪˤǤʤǤ顢⤽Ȥ⡢κݡӤ¤򤫤ʤȤ˼Ϥ޽ʸפڤäƺ︺ȤͤȻפΤǤˡˤƤ٤Ǥ礦

ɽκ򾯤ʤ뤿ˡʸٵ뤹ʤϹ̱򵽤ŵŪˡȸ٤Ǥ礦ξ塢ʸȤƻٵ뤵СϰۤʤǤʤΤǡȤˤȤäƤ̣٤ǤΤǤ




Ȥλ̳ϡФȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

䤿ǶᡢǽˤĤƾߴˤʤäƤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ޤ̵ʤȤ;мˤʤäƤΤǤϿȤʤΤǡäߴˤʤ뤳ȤǽʤΤǤ礦

ϸäƤ⡢ǽ˴ؤ˥塼ʤʤäƤ뤫֤Ƥʤư¿ƤϤʤΤǤ

BBCʡߤεǽˤĤ󤸤ƤΤǡҲ𤷤Ȼפޤ


Fukushima fish still contaminated from nuclear accident

ʡεϸȯΤǰƤ

Levels of radioactive contamination in fish caught off the east coast of Japan remain raised, official data shows.

ܤ¦ߤǼ줿ǽ٥뤬⤤Ȥǡˤʬä

It is a sign that the Dai-ichi power plant continues to be a source of pollution more than a year after the nuclear accident.

ʡ츶ȯȯΰʹ1ǯʾˤϤäưȤƱȤʤäƤ뤳ȤξڵǤ

About 40% of fish caught close to Fukushima itself are regarded as unfit for humans under Japanese regulations.

ʡζ᤯Ǽ줿40󤬡ܤεˤпѤŬƤʤ

The respected US marine chemist Ken Buesseler has reviewed the data in this week's Science journal.

ƹγβؼԤǤ륱󡦥ӥå顼󥹡㡼ʥκǥǡʬϤƤ

He says there are probably two sources of lingering contamination.

ϡĹƤΤˤĤθȸ

"There is the on-going leakage into the ocean of polluted ground water from under Fukushima, and there is the contamination that's already in the sediments just offshore," he told BBC News.

ʡαϲγΤؤϳФ³Ƥ뤳ȤȡޤäʪƤ뤳ȡBBC˸ä

"It all points to this issue being long-term and one that will need monitoring for decades into the future."

֤Ȥơ꤬ĹȡơΤ˺岿ǯ֤ƻ³ɬפ뤳Ȥ򼨤Ƥ

Prof Buesseler is affiliated to the US Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI).

֥ӥå顼ϡƹ񥦥åۡ볤γظλˤ

His evaluation covers a year's worth of data gathered by the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF).

ʬϤϡܤʤˤäƽ줿1ǯʬΥǡоݤȤƤ

Its monthly records detail the levels of radioactive caesium found in fish and other seafood products from shortly after the March 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami - the double disaster that triggered the Fukushima crisis.

εϿϡ2011ǯ3ο̺Ҥȡʡδ򵯤Ťκҳˤľ夫ΤΤǤäơ¾εफȯ줿̤˴ؤΤǤ

The caesium-134 and 137 isotopes can be traced directly to releases from the crippled power station.

֥134137ϡ˲줿ȯŽ꤫ФƤ뤳ȤǧǤ

MAFF uses the information to decide whether certain fisheries along five east-coast prefectures, including Fukushima, should be opened or closed (it is not a measureof contamination in actual market fish).

ʤϡξѤơʡޤܤ5ߤεȤǧ٤ɤȽǤƤʤºݤλԾεα¬ʤȤϤʤäƤʤˡ

He notes that although caesium levels in any fish type and on any day can be highly variable, it is the bottom-dwelling species off Fukushima that consistently show the highest caesium counts.

ϡǡʤࡢǡʤդεΥΥ٥ư㤷ʡ粭γ©बǤ⤤ͤ򼨤Ƥȸ

For the WHOI researcher, this points to the seafloor being a major reservoir for the caesium pollution.

֥åۡ볤γظθԤˤȤäơϡ줬¢ˤˤʤäƤ뤳Ȥ򼨤Ƥ

"It looks to me like the bottom fish, the fish that are eating, you know, crabs and shellfish, the kinds of things that are particle feeders - they seem to be increasing their accumulation of the caesium isotopes because of their habitat on the seafloor," he explained.

ֳƱͤˡˤ䥨Ӥ򿩤٤γҤ򿩤٤Ρˤϡ©Ƥ뤿ˡ̤Ƥȸ롢ϲ⤷

Prof Buesseler stresses however that the vast majority of fish caught off the northeast coast of Japan are fit for human consumption.

֥ӥå顼ϡܤ߲Ǽ줿ʬϡѤŬƤȶĴ

And while the 40% figure for unsafe catch in the Fukushima prefecture may sound alarming, the bald number is slightly misleading.

ʡ縩ε40󤬰ǤʤȸСä٤ȤΤ褦ʹ뤫⤷ʤΤ褦˸ȤϾФߥ꡼ǥ󥰤Ǥ

Last April, the Japanese authorities tried to instil greater market confidence by lowering the maximum permitted concentration of radioactivity in fish and fish products from 500 becquerels per kilogram of wet weight to 100 Bq/kg wet.

ֺǯ4ܤɤϡԾ˰¿Ϳ뤿˵˴ޤޤǽκ̤򥭥500٥뤫100٥˲

This tightening of the threshold immediately re-classified fish previously deemed fit as unfit, even though their actual contamination count had not changed.

֤Ƶ̤򶯲Ȥˤäơμºݤα˰㤤ϤʤƤ⡢ŬʤȤߤʤƤŬʤȤߤʤ뤳Ȥˤʤä

It is also worth comparing the Japanese limit with international standards. In the US, for example, the threshold is set at 1,200 Bq/kg wet - significantly more lenient than even the pre-April Japanese requirement.

ֹݴܤε̤٤뤳ȤͭפǤ롣㤨СƹǤϡ̤ϥ1200٥ˤʤäƤꡢܤ4βδ٤ƤѤ˴ˤ䤫ʤΤ

And Prof Buesseler makes the point that some naturally occurring radionuclides, such as potassium-40, appear in fish at similar or even higher levels than the radioactive caesium.

֥ӥå顼ϡꥦ40Τ褦ʼξ֤¸ߤ뤢ʪƱ⤤ͤˤ褦˸ȻŦ

Nonetheless, the contamination question is a pertinent one in the Asian nation simply because its people consume far more fish per head than in most other countries.

֤ϸäƤ⡢ϰο͡¾¿ι񡹤ݼ̤¿ˡΤȤˤĤ԰¤˻פäƤ⤪ʤ

"At one level, there shouldn't be any surprises here but on another, people need to come to grips with the fact that for some species and for some areas this is going to be a long-term issue; and with these results it's hard to predict for how long some fisheries might have to be closed," said the WHOI scientist.

ֱοबƱǤäƤϰˤäƤϼߤ㤦ΤǤꡢ͡Ϥ줾ξ˱ƻ¤İ뤳Ȥɬפˤʤ롣ơϺ³ˤʤǤơ̤顢ɤΰ̤δ֡Ȥػߤ줿ޤޤǤ뤫ͽۤ뤳ȤѺǤȡåۡ볤γضΤβʳؼԤϸ

Prof Buesseler, with Japanese colleagues, is organising a scientific symposium in Tokyo on 12/13 November to present the latest thinking on Fukushima and its impacts on the ocean. The information will then be shared with the public in a free colloquium on 14 November.

֥ӥå顼ϡܤθԤȤȤˡ111213ˡDzʳإݥ򳫺Ťʡ˴ؤǶθȳΤؤαƶˤĤԤξϡ1114μͳƤǶͭ뤳Ȥˤʤ



ǡǤ礦

ǶᡢǤϤμΤȤ󤸤뤳ȤʤʤäƤƤ褦ʤΤǤ褷ƻ֤Ų˸äƤΤǤϤʤȤʬΤǤޤޤǯդɬפʤΤȡ

ơä˴ʤϳȤȤǡŪˤϡޥ顢쥤ҥ祦顢󥮥ӥ

̣ʵФʤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢βʳؼԤϡܿͤ԰¤Ϳ褦ȤƤΤǤϤʤΤǤ

ܤδϺǯ줿顢ޤǤϿ٤Ƥ⤤ȤƤ٤ʤʤäƤΤȡä˥ꥫδ٤СܤδѤ˸;꿼ˤʤɬפʤ

âܿͤοͤ٤򿩤٤̱²Ǥ⤢뤷

ߤˡǯ8˼줿2ɤΥʥᤫ25,000٥ǽ¬줿Ȥ⡣

ˤƤ⡢ܤ;פʤȤͤ᤮ˡøȷ¬̤ɽ³뤳ȤȻפΤǤ

줬̱֡οǤ

ɤФƤⰭƽФƤ⡢䤨Ψľ˸롢ȡ

ȿФˡܤθȤ˿꤬Ƥʤȡ줬ɾﳲθˤʤäꤹΤǤ



ܤθԤ⡢äȴĥäߤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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ǤֲפγפȤդ¸Ǥ礦

äȤޤֺγפǤޤ¿ʬ¸Τޤ͡ΤʤʤȤͤϺޤï⤤ʤäǤ

ǤϡֲפγפȤϰβ̣ΤϡǸ̲פγפȸäƤ⤤⤷ޤ

äƤޤʤΤǤǶ񻺤طƤΤǤ

äޤɤäʤäƶ̤ǤפγȤϡ̴ȤȲפԹʰˤäϮ뤳ȤΤǤ

㤨СϹǤͽۤƤȤʤֻžƤޤ褦ʡ

ֻžȤȤǡޤ˳ͤȤ줿褦ʤΤǤơʤäǸ̲פˤΤǡֲפγפȸƤӤΤǤ

ϡΤ

̱礤ʤؿäƸĤƤ륷㡼סΥ㡼פĤ뤳ȤǤΤȡ

ۤɿۤƤ륷㡼פ2012ǯ9ַ軻ˤֻ4000ߤۤɤȤΤǤ

ǤϡΤ褦ʤȤˤʤΤȤСͳϡǶ񻺤1000ߤۤɼʤΤȡ

ˤϡǶ񻺤ʹǡ⤦֥åͤ뤫⤷ޤ󡣤ʤǤǶ񻺤ȤǸ̲פäơ񤷤ΤǤ

ǤϡǶ񻺤Ȥϲ

ʬʤʤͥåȤĴ٤Фεʤ顢ϫˤޤʤΤǤСΰ̣Ϥʬޤ

㤨СΤ褦ƤΤǤ

Ƕ񻺤ϡǸ̲פŬѤݤǧ

ŤǤϲʬʤ

Ȳ׾Ѥ̳ξ踺ۡˤ̳»ǧʤǤ»ǧѡˤȤǧ졢̳βǽǼdzۤä

סʬʤ

Ǥϡ餤Τ

ϡȲפȤΤ̳פȤĤβפΤ¸ΤǤ礦

ȲפȤϡŪʴȲפΤȤǤꡢФơ̳פȤΤϡħǤδǧפǤ

ǤϡĤŪˤɤ㤦ȸСȲפϡȤפŪˡƵҴŪǧ褦ȤΤФơ̳פϡǤݤפª뷹ΤǤ㤨СȤϡٽФĶȤΤɬפʷ»ˤȼĥƤ⡢̳ߤСΤ褦ʻٽñ˷»ˤȤǧȤϸ¤ʤΤǤ

⤷̳𤬤ʤǤ⤫Ǥ»ˤȤǧƤޤСɤʤ٤äƤ¤ʤ˶ŤƤޤΤǤ

ȤȤǡȤ¦ߤ񰷤Ƥ٤ɺĸѽˤĤƤʤ׷򸫤Ƥʤ»ⰷ뤳ȤʤǽĤळȤˤʤΤǤ

ǡƲǽ礭ʤФʤۤʧˡۤ礭ʤŤʤȡΤȤʤפʤäƤޤΤǤΤȸСפϡˡǶʧäκǽפǤ뤫Ǥ

פγۤʤäꡢֻˤʤäꤹΤϡȤηбļԤȤƤϡ줿ʤȡ

ϤǤ礦ֻˤʤСбļԤǤȯŸƤޤʤΤǤˡֻˤʤäȴȷбļԼȤǧƤΤǤФȤ⤫ä̳Ȥǧΰ㤤¿ۤˡǤʧֻˤʤäȤΤǤϡۤäˤʤΤǤ

äƤǤ硩

ˡǤǼƤΤֻˤʤäƤʤơɤͤƤ⤪ΤǤ

̳Ƕ⤵ʧäƤ館СϤɤΤ褦פˤʤȤˤڤʤǤ顢פη׻ˤĤƤϡ¦ǤƤΤǤ

ǡǶ񻺤Ƥߤޤ

Ȥ㤨ɻ񻺤ɺ߸ˤѤ̡Ȳ׾פˤʤäȤ롣

ǤϡפˤʤäˡǤϻʧʤǺѤΤ

̳ϡȤסʲǽˤ̳δǧĤޤꡢѡ»ˤ򸷤ǧꤹ뤿ᡢȤפǤϤʤ礭ʹˤʤ뤳Ȥ

ηȤ̳ǧꤷǽ˽äǶǼ

ΤȲ׾פϥǤʤˡǤʧפֻˤʤä
ޤȤ

Ȥϡ˼»ܤɺĸνѽ衢»ˤȤǧǽʤСǧ줿ۤδפ̤졢äơδǼǶγۤۤ롣

ȤȤˤʤС˻ʧäǶϡ˻ʧ٤ǶʧΤǧ뤳Ǥäơʧʬ򷫤ٻ񻺤ȤƷ׾夹뤳ȤǤ

Ƕ񻺤׾夵СʬפĤǸ


ǡǤ礦Ƕ񻺤ΰ̣ϤʬˤʤäȻפΤǤ

äϥ㡼פޤǤϲ㡼פϡ˷׾夷ǶɬפΤ

¤ϡǶ񻺤ϡ񻺤ȤʸĤƤΤǤλ񻺤ʤѥեʤΤǤΤǤ

㤨С̾λ񻺤ϡΤȤʤ¾ͤѤơ˴ꤹ뤳ȤǽǤηǶ񻺤ȤΤϡǶ򺹤Ƥ餦ȤǤǧƤǤΤȤʤ¾ͤѤ뤳ȤǤ븢ǤϤʤΤǤ

ϤǤϤʤΤǤλ񻺤ϡȤפ׾夷ǶǼ뤳ȤˤʤäƽựͭΤǤΤǡ˾ֻ³ǶǼɬפʤȤʤСηٻ񻺤ѤʤȤʤΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢ㡼פ̡ž褦ʤȤϤʤʤԤǤʤȻפǶ񻺤׾夹뤳ŬǤϤʤȽǤƤǤ

ޤ

μ¤˹³ȤߤȤǤСǶ񻺤׾夷Ƥؤɿۤ뤳ȤϤʤǤ礦

ֻ³ǤȻפ褦ʴȤǶ񻺤׾夹뤳ȤϡȤΤߤʤ餺ʬ⵽ȤˤʤΤǤ

ΤʤС׾夹٤ǤʤǶ񻺤׾夷ʬδפ夲Ƹ뤫Ǥ

ơƷǶ񻺤Ȥ̾λ񻺤׾夷ȤƤ⡢ž
ǽʤȻפȤ񻺤μ졢ʤȴȶӤ쵤˰ƤޤΤǤ

ꤽʶԤǶ񻺤ꤵơ쵤˼ʻΨ㲼ͭ븶ˤʤäΤǤ

Ƕ񻺤η׾ǧС괺軻ȤǤΤ⤷ʤΤǤѤä礭ʥĥʧ蘆뤳Ȥ¿ΤǤ


ͥˤʤä褦ʤΤȴå򤪴ꤤפޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤
Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ƹθԾѰޤζͻºݻ뤳Ȥꤷޤ

Ĥޤ줫⥼ȡĹĤ佻ôݾڷι³ȤȤˤʤäΤǤ

ޤʵθ餹С˻ΤǤ礦ޤλ˶ͻžˤ⤤ʤǤ顣

ˤƤ⡢9˷ꤷŪº3θɤʤäƤ뤫ȤȤʤΤǤϤɤΤ褦ˤפˤʤǤ礦

Ȥ⡢Τ褦䤤ꤲƤߤʤΤǤΡŪºդ򴹤СĹĤϢ䤬뤳ȤŪϲʤΤȡ

ǡǤ礦

ŪºĤޤĹĤ뤳Ȥϡʵ򲼻٤뤳ȡҤƤϸѤβŪȤΤʤΤǤǤϡɤΤ褦ʥᥫ˥Ƿʵ򲼻٤뤳ȤǤΤ

ǡǤ

䡢ˤʤºͿޤȤΤʤǡ䤤ǼΤͿ뤳ȤǤͤɤΤȻפΤǤ

äϤɤΤۤϤɤΤ

줬ܤξǤС¿ʬȤϼΤ褦ȻפΤǤ

֥ǥե줫æѤ뤿

Ǥϡɤäƥǥե줫æѤ뤳ȤǤΤ

Ԥ̤ĹĤСԾ˽в̲ߤ̤뤫ɬʪ夬ϤǤꡢʤХǥե줫æѤǤ

⡢Τ褦˹ͤǤ

ǤƹˤĤϤɤʤΤǤ礦

ƹǤϺïǥեΤȤʤ󤫿ۤϤƤޤȤ⥤եˤʤäƤϺȿۤͤ¿ΤǤ顢Τ褦ʴϢ䤬ԤäƤĹĤιˤĤƤȽ뤳Ȥ¿ΤǤ

Τ褦ʾˤäơFRBĹĤιԤΤ

ͽȽͽۤơե줬붲ؤɤʤȸΤǤ

ϡϤʤΤǤȤäƲĹΤ

Сʥ󥭵ĹϡϢ䤬ĹĤιԤȤˤäơĹ㲼¥졢äơʵβ٤Ǥ뤫ȤΤʤΤǤ

ȤƤϡܤξˤ⡢äĹ뤳Ȥʵ򲼻٤뤿ɬפȸΤǤСʤȤȻפΤǤºݤˤܤĹ⤹줬ʵ­ˤʤäƤȤĥؤʹȤʤΤǤʼ¼Ǥߤȹ⤤Ȥϵʹޤš

ǤϡƤƹä᤹ȤȤȤơƹǤ913QE3ʹߡСʥ󥭵Ĺλ̤Ĺ㲼ƤΤȸСżοͤȻפΤǤ

ƹ10ǯʪĤ
94 1.59
95 1.60
96 1.68
97 1.67
9101.68
9111.70
9121.77
9131.75
9141.88
9171.85
9181.82
9191.79
9201.80
9211.77
9241.74
9251.70
9261.64
9271.66
9281.65
1011.64
1021.64
1031.64
1041.70
1051.75
1091.74
1010 1.72
1011 1.70
1012 1.69
1015 1.70
1016 1.75
1017 1.83
1018 1.86
1019 1.79
1022 1.83
1023 1.79

ʻFRB)


Ǥʬˤʤä褦ˡΤ9ˤĹ1.6ˤޤDz̤ΤǤθϡƤӰοäƤΤǤ

ˡä褦˰Ĺ㲼ȤˤĤƤ⡢μʸϡ桼ռ줿ȤˤΤȲᤷ褵˸ΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢Τ褦ˤԤˤĹĤιǡʤ̣ͭΤϤäȤʤޤޡƹܤǤԤˤĹĤ줬³ƤΤǤ

Τ褦˻䤬ȸäơ⡢Τ褦η̡̲߰¤̤ȤȤϡʬΤ򤷤ƤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢ԤˤĹĹϡ̲߲ͤˤä͢Ф¥ʤ뤳ȤˤȤΤǤСʤ餽ƲȤ٤ǤϤʤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ºݤˤϡСʥ󥭵ĹޤFRBȤƤϡζͻ̲߰¤ȤȤƤʤƤȤϰäƤʤΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢Ĺ򶯰˲褦ȻפäԤĹĤιưưۤɡեǰޤꡢƤηĹϤष夬äƤޤȤȤȤȤ˺ƤϤʤʤΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢ƹǤϡΤ褦ĹϤष夬褦ʾˤʤäƤΤˡïʸͤʤΤϲΤʤΤǤ礦

ɡΥꥫĹοϽʬ㤤ǧƤ뤫ǡʾ岼뤳ȤɤƤɬפʤʤƹͤƤͤؤɤǤ礦


γνǡкѤΤȤʬäƤۤɤΤ路Ȼפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤
Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

̳äܤ20ߤδۤʤɲô¤ƤƻƤ뤳Ȥ˴ؤơ֤¤Ϥʤפꤷ󤸤ƤޤϸĤĤ⡢ФֲǤʶͻ¤οʤԤפȽҤ٤Ȥ⡣

ǾäͤƤ뤫ĤȤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢˰Ϥ򤫤ƤΤϾäФǤϤޤ󡣤Ǥɽ˽Фάô⡢ζͻ³ޤʤΰոʤΤȤ

빽Ӥ餱ͥ餱

Ǥ衢äꤷǰäƤΤȤǤ顣

ä˸ɤ˰Ϥ򤫤ȤɥХ򤹤Ȥʤ顢⤦ȤΤ뤳ȤäɤǤ礦

פĤʤä褦ʤȤʤ⤢äȻפ碌褦ʡ

ĹĤեɤ򤵤20äȸäơɤʸ̤ȤΤǤ礦

ˡΤΥեɤ20ߤۤʤΤޤǡƥեɤۤơɤʸ̤ɽƤƤΤʤƤ⤽ȤˤĤơ̳äʤϩȹ̱ʬפǤ뤳ȤʤΤǤ

ʤȤǤʤǤˤФŻ򲡤դ뤫顢ѰޤȤäƤȤפʤΤǤ

֤ޤ˥ɥХ򤹤ʤ顢Ǽ褦ʤȤʤȤ

ȤǡǶᡢ䤬Ĥ뤳ȤˤƤϤɤʤƤȤˤʤäƤΤǤɤפޤ

ʤäΤǤϡȻפͤ¿Ǥ礦

ǤʤȤ򤷤ʤƤ⡢̲פ̤ʳۤƹĤͭƤΤǤǤʤʤ߹ɥ¤򿩤ߤ뤳ȤǤʤĤιƧȸ̤ȹͤΤǤ礦

⤷ɤƱ߹򿩤ߤ᤿פΤǤСפڤäƼƹĤ̤ѤƤǡǤ礦

ʤȤ򤹤Сɥ߹֤ǤϤʤǤäơ

ΤˤʤΤǤ괺ϤΤ褦ϤƯǤ礦ơ˼ƹĤ̤ͭܤƹĤѤưСΥѥȤͿԾ줬ưɤȻפΤǤ

餯ƹĤβʤꡢɥ¤ϤޤǤ礦

Ǥϡʤäơƹܤϥɥ¤Ƥ줿ȤȤǡܤ˴դΤǤ礦

ϥΡ

޷ʥɥ¤ˤäƻԾưɤ뤳ȤǰܤϡܳŪʥɥɱҺ˾ФǤ礦ĤޤꡢƹܤϡĤƤä褦ˡɥƹˤȤäפʤΤȸ虜ʤʤΤǤ

ơʤлԾή줬ƤѤꡢɥ߰¤ʤȻפΤǤ

ץ饹äܤƹĤ̤Ѥܤγ߽˸뤳ȤˤʤԾطԤϤɤפȤǤ礦

ܤγ߽礷ȤϤʤʡȡ⤷ǧŪ˹ޤж餯ߤեإ֥̲ߤȤϻפʤʤǤ礦ˡǰ׼٤ֻǤ뤳ȤǧǤ礦

ĤޤꡢܤȤƤ⡢ȤʤФޤ٤ȤΤǤʤΤȤȤƷǤ٤ȤǤФȤΤ

Ȥ󡢤ʤʤ

󤳤Ȥ򤹤ȥꥫɤʤä֤뤫ʬʤ

ä顢ľǤ뤳Ȥ򲿸Τʤ

ʤΤǤľı򻶤ơˡΩ뤳ȤǤСǤкѤˤȤäƤѤʥץ饹ˤʤΤǤ

򻶤ФƤ뤳ȤˤäƲäƤ͡ȸɾȤäʤΤǤäơƥӤǤϤäФǤ

áɤƤ򻶤Ф

ä顢äѤƹĤѤΤǤƹˤϼΤ褦˸ФΤǤ

ܤƹĤѤΤϡˡΩ⸻­ˤʤäƤ뤿Ǥäơ褷ƤʳͳˤΤǤϤʤȡĤޤꡢܤȤƤϻߤ˻ߤޤ̻פƹĤѤƥåݤʤФʤʤȤĺȡ



ȤϼʬˤǤ뤳Ȥ򲿸ΤʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ϡŪ˥ɥ롦ߤ80ϿƤ褦Ǥκ߰¤˿ƤΤǤ礦

Ρ

ǡޤȤ䤫˸뤳Ȥϡ䤬30˳ͻɲäδºǤФǽ礭ʤäƤƤ뤫ȡ

ǤϡɲôºʤΤ

ȤƤϡ䤬2˼1ʪΥãʤǽˤʤꡢΤᲿ餫кǤФʤʤΤȡϡλŹĹĤȯɽ줿ݡȤǡ¿ϰʵȽǤ졢ʵθ®ޤäƤ뤿Ȥ

ޤΤˡΤǡʵθ®ޤäƤΤ⤷ޤ󡣤餳ͻ¤ʤ뤳ȤϤäƤ⡢ޤ뤳ȤϤʤΤǤ礦

ǤϡΤ褦ͽۤꡢ䤬ɲäζͻºƧڤäȤ줬˸̤ͭΤǤ礦ϡʤηкѤɷ㤹ޤǤˤʤƤ⡢ˤäƱ߰¥ɥ⤬ʤԤǤΤǤ礦

ιͤҤ٤ޤ礦

ϡΥϥ󡦥ץ饤߰¤⤿餹ȤϡɤͤƤǼʤΤǤ

ȤǡǾФæޤ

ϥϥΤפɤפޤ

ϥȤܥ򤯤̤ƤꡢƤޤѤʰ˿ȤǥХ򤹤륤٥ȤǤ

ɤƥꥫͤȤΤϡϼ򤹤ΤǤ硩

ϥȤΤϡȤäơƤͤ˵ʤΤȤ

ä顢äŤˤˤ餤ΤȻפΤǤǤƤκ˸졢ΤʤˤʪޤäƤΤǡʪɤʧˤפ򤷡ơʪ˺ʤ褦˿ʹ֤ʪγʹ򤷤٤ΤȤ

Ĥޤꡢή˸СϹγγߤȵɤʧʬˤʤä褦ʤפǤΤǤ

ޤ

ץ饤Ȥˤϡʸ̤ꥵץ饤Ĥޤͽ̤ȤƤΥץ饤ǤΤǤʤ¿λԾطԤͽۤƤΤˡɤƥץ饤ʤƸΤǤ礦

ˡȽ˻͡˸

Τ뤳Ȥäơtoo little too late ǤʤΤǤ硩䤬ºɤƺϤĤȰ㤤߰¤θ̤⤿餹ȤǤΤǤ礦

줬ȤǤʤк򺣲ǤIJǽȤΤʤʬޤ㤨СޤƱ褦ĹĤ㤤ۤۤȤ褦ʤǤϤʤ䤬ʤܤʧ٤̳εͿܤäΩؤʧ򤹤Ȥʤ㤯ȤޤޤʤСïäƴΤ٤Ǥ礦

⤦ܤʤСˡΩߤʤܤֻĤȯԤǤʤи̳εͿλʧʤɤޤޤʤʤʤäƤޤܤϺþƹ̱ηкѳưˤѤʻپ㤬ФƤޤΤǤ

ΤȤϽʬʬǤ

顢ˡΩȤϿˤʤ٤ȡϸäѤƤΤǤǤȤϹ̱⼫ʬΤȤŶϤǤʤȡ

ǡ䤬ܤäưŪ˸̳εͿʤɬפʻʧԤ褦ˤΤǤ

ʤСܤֻĤȯԤǤʤɬפʺ⸻ĤȤ⡢䤬Ū˸СʤƤ̱ڤܤǾ٤ǺѤΤ

פˡʤȤ䤬ΤǤС˥ץ饤ǤꡢήФ˥եͽۤޤꡢƱ߰ʤळȤˤʤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢¤ˤϤޤʤȤԤȦϤʤȡ

ԤȤȤȸСեΨ򺣤1󤫤2٤˰夲뤳ȤȤĹĤιۤۤ뤳ȤȤϹδ̵֤¤ˤ뤳ȤȤŤޤ٤ΤȤͤʤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢̤Ƥ֤ɤθ̤Τȡ

ǡ˻פФƤ餤ȤΤǤϡ8ۤ214ȯɽ줿Х󥿥¤ˤĤƤǤ

䤬ʪΥɤ1ˤȸäȤϡ¾ʪɸͤκѤƧڤäʤɤȾ˲ᤵơ򶭤礭߰¤ˤդ졢ɥߤ84٤ޤᤷΤ顢Х󥿥̤ʤƸƤФ줿ΤǤ

ʤȤ˺ƤϤޤ

λ򶭤˲α߰¤ʤΤ

ϡХ󥿥¤ǤϤʤΤǤǤϤʤξ2011ǯܤǰ׼٤ȯɽ졢ܤǰ׼٤31ǯֻ֤žȤȯɽ졢ơ1ǰ׼٤ֻۤ׾夷Ȥ礭äΤǤ

2012ǯǰֻ32鲯ߤۤɤˤʤäȤȯɽˤʤäǤ硩

ΡΤȤ߰¤θ̤ͭȹͤʤΤǤ礦

䤸ξ䤿ϡʤ褦ǸǸ

ĤޤꡢǰֻȤ¤ꤸȸܤȯƤƤȤȤʤΤǤ




ϥ¤ԤƤ⡢ޤͽۤƤ뤫饵ץ饤̤ϤʤʡȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ǯپȾǰ׼٤餫ˤʤäƤޤʤ32鲯ߤֻ׾夷Τȡ

͢ΩܤǤäȦʤΤˡϰΤɤȤʤΤǤ礦

񸻤˳Ƥ͢ФDzԤǤɤˤäƤΤˡǰֻ³ȤˤʤС褷ƤɬפȤ񸻤γޤޤʤʤʤΤǤϡǰǤ

Ǥ⤽ˡǰ׼٤ǯɤΤ褦˿ܤƤΤǧƤȻפޤ

ǰ׼٤οܡ
͢С͢ǰ׼
2007ǯ١851134ߡ749581ߡ101553
2008ǯ١711456ߡ719104ߡ      -7648
2009ǯ١590079ߡ538209ߡ 51870
2010ǯ١677888ߡ624567ߡ 53321
2011ǯ١652814ߡ697000ߡ  -44186   
2012ǯپȾ 321603ߡ353793ߡ  -32190


ǡǤ礦Ⱦο2ܤȤ褽ǯ٤οͤͽۤǤǤ2012ǯ٤οͤͽʤ64鲯٤ֻˤʤȻפΤǤ

ޤǯ10ʾ׾夹뤳Ȥʤäǰ׼٤ǯ٤³ֻˤʤǤϤʤֻ6ĶȷǰΤǤ

ǤϡβΤΤ褦ֻ礷Ƥ뤫ȸС

褺ˡ桼طʤ˲͢ФäƤ뤫ȡ

ˡΤΤ褦̺ҤˤȤʤȯΤαƶǡղŷʤɤ͢Ƥ뤫ʤΤȡ

ͳ󤲤СǶ֤褤ƤΤȤ

ʤǤ9͢ФǯƱ٤14.1⸺Ƥȡơη̡2012ǯپȾܤǰ׼٤礭15鲯ߤֻˤʤäƤȤΤǤ

ȤȤǡ2012ǯپȾβ椬ǰ׼٤32鲯ߤֻǤꡢΤȾʬᤤ15鲯ֻȤδ֤ȯƤǤ

ʤȼ䤷Ȥ

⤽פޤ

ǰĤʻ¤ҲƤȻפΤǤ

ϡ¦ϡĹǯϤäȤδطǰֻ׾夷ƤǧƤΤФΰ⡢ܤȤδطǤǰֻ׾夷Ƥȯɽ³ƤΤǤ

Ȼפޤ󤫡

⤷ܤФǰֻ׾夷ƤΤʤСФǰ׹ǤȦǤꡢȿФˡܤФǰֻ׾夷Ƥ뤢СܤФǰ׹ǤʤФʤʤΤǤ

ΤϤɤȤǤΤǤ礦

εη̤ǤΤ

Ǥ⡢¤ϤǤϤʤΤǤϡǰפη׾λΰ㤤ʤΤȤ

ȤΤ⡢ܤФ͢ʬٹ͢ФǧˡܤȤǰäƤ˵Τ

ܤϡФ͢ФϡޤǤؤ͢ФǧΤФơϡŪˤϹ͢ǤäƤ⡢줬ܤ줿ΤǤˤϡܤ͢ȤƥȤΤȡ

ȤȤǡܤ2012ǯپȾйȤǰ׼٤ߤȡ15934ߤιȤʤäƤꡢΤ¿¼Ūˤؤ͢ФȤƥȤ٤Τȿ¬ΤǤ

ϡȤȤ̤Ȥơȹ绻٤ȹͤʤСܤιޤΤФǰ׼٤ϡ2012ǯپȾǤϤܼۤ٤ȥȥˤʤΤǤ

֤ʶαƶ˲äơܤȤδطǰ츫ۤǰֻˤʤäƤȡɬװʾưɤ򴶤Ƥޤ⤤Ǥ礦ޤ᤿ΤοͤǤߤȡ֤μ٤ϤۤܥȥȥˤʤäƤꡢäơ¬뤳ȤϡܤȴˤкѱĤǡ񤷤ȤȤʤΤǤ


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ϡ̱ܤߤʬݻ뤳ȡϼʬåԤ뤳ȤˤܤƤʤ褦˻פޤ

¸Ǥ硩ˡƤΩƤʤȤ۾֤

褺¤ǰΤ˳ǧƤޤ礦

ʿ24ǯ٤ΰ̲ͽ90.3ߡ

Ĥޤꡢǡ24ǯ٤˰̲פͽȤ90.3ߤΤٽФ뤳ȤǧƤΤǤΤΤ褦ˡǼǤŤȤϤǤʤΤ顢­ʬ߸ĤȯԤġֻġˤȯԤŤȤꤵƤΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢ񤬺ǯ١پʤٽФԤˤϡɤƤ߸ĤĤȯԤɬǤΤǤȯԤ뤿ˤˡΧε꤬ɬפǤʿ24ǯˡƤ̤ΩƤʤΤǤΤȸС1᤯򻶤ɤ塢ˡƤˤȿФƤǤɤƤ⤽ˡΧΩС˲򻶤ȡ

η̡ܤκ⸻ͤȤʤäƤꡢ9ʹߡǤθդʤɤ濴ͽμԤʤʤäƤΤǤ

̳ʤθդڤʤСˡƤϡʿ24ǯٰ̲׺ͽ90.3ߤ󣴳38.3ߤŤĤȯԺꤹΤǤ뤬ˡƤѰƤȤʤäȤ顢ǤĶ38.3ߤȤƸळȤǤʤΤᡢϢˡε̱衦кѳưؤαƶƧޤĤġƷλʧζǽʸ¤ͽμԤݤȤˤꡢ⸻θϳ򾯤Ǥ٤餻뤳ȤɬפǤꡢ顢ˡ34裲ε˴Ťʧηײξǧ˴ؤˤȤơ֣ʹߤΰ̲ͽμԤˤĤơפ˳յķꤵ줿

ǤͽΩơʿ24ǯ٤Ⱦǯʾ夬᤮ƤȤΤˡͽμԤôݤˡΩ̤ˤʤƤʤȤ۾֤ˤʤäƤΤǤ

ơ1ۤɤС˹ˤϳ餷Ƥޤ񤬺þƤޤͽۤƤΤǤ

Τ褦ʾˤʤäȤϤľˡͿޤޤϤɤΤ褦٤ȤΤǤ礦

ΤȤϡȤȽФǡ֤Ǥ졼깭ƤΤǤ

졼ͺάȸƤǤ⤷ޤ

ϡ̱ΰͤȤƸߤٶ򤹤Τ⤤̱ˤʤǤäƤ館ʤȡˡºݤܤþ뤳ȤʤǧˤϹԤʤΤǤ硩ʤľˡɤäޤɤǤǤ硩

ǤϡɤäޤΤ

ɤޤ줿餱ȻפǤ뤿ˡʾ֤³ƤΤǤѴʾ֤ˤʤäƤΤǤ

ͿޤޤΡɤθʬʬ뤫̤ˤơϡͿޤȤƤϡ̱ˤˤϹԤʤΤǽŪˤϡ򻶤ƤǤˡΩܻؤ٤ȻפΤǤΤȤȤˤʬäƤʤΤǤ

ä鲼Τߤߤ1Ǥ򻶤ФˤȡơФ򤷤Ƥ֤ˡɤˤƻٻΨǤʤȡ

ϡʸ©ʤȤͤ⡢̱ݻ뤳ȤפȤͳǷ餯򻶤̱ٻȻפΤǤǡǤ礦

ȤȤǡ᤯ȤˤʤäƤ餤ȻפΤǤʾΤʤǡ⸻θϳϡ괺̳ʾڷȯԤοΤȤͤİԤΤǤ¸ΤǤ礦

ʤΤǤιⶶΰ춵Τ褦˸äƤΤǤ

ˡǯΩʤȡǯͽǤϺߤ­롣򤵤˥С˸Τ̳ʤ̳ʤϤդΡ֥쥯פ򼫡ФƹԤäƤ롣ˡƤΩʤȡͽоݤ˳礷̱褬𤹤Ȥǯ˽ԤⷫĤǤΤФΤγյķˤäƼ餽ƻդǤ롣¤ϻⷫĤϣߤȤǯͽǷ׾夷ȯԤǤΤ̳ʤΤϼƥ

ο̳͡ʤͤ߼оɽɤळȤǤʤȤƷޤóݤ褦ʵ򤹤Τͭ̾ʤΤǤ

äƤޤֻĤȯԤǤʤƤ⡢ⷫġĤޤ̳ʾڷȯԤŤФǤϤʤȡơ򤷤ʤΤϺ̳ʤμƥʤơ

ɡŤѤʵǤΤǤ

ˡεˤäơϡˡΧκ򤬤ʤֻĤȯԤǤʤȤƤΤˡ̳ʾڷȯԤưΤ򤷤ʤơ

ʤȤΤǤСˡʵפ̤ʤƤ⡢äȺ̳ʾڷȯԤƤʤȤʤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ʹͤ⤽ޤǧΤǤ礦ʤȤǧΤʤ顢ޤˡΩȿФ뤳ȤĺˤʤʤǤ

ˡ⤽̳ʾڷȤϡǯٴ֤ΰŪʻⷫĴ뤿ȯԤǧǤäơ⸻­ǯٴֻ֤ˤ䤦ȯԤ뤳ȤǧƤʤΤǤ

󤲤С㤨Ǽ50ߤͽ師ޤǤ⡢50ߤƼºݤ˹ˤΤϤǯ٤äΤȤˤʤ櫓ạ̇̄ǡǯٴ֤μ٤Τμºݤλⷫ˻پ㤬褹ȤϤ褯ơΤ褦ʻΤȯԤǧƤ̳ʾڷǤΤǤ

Ū˸˳Τ˵ͽǤεޤǤδ֤λⷫդ뤿ǧ줿ڶ⤬̳ڷǤΤǤ

Ǥϡ߼Ǥ⼺ȼФʤͤϤɤʤ뤫ȸСοͤϡⷫ˺äƤȤ⡢¤Ūʼ­ƤȤ٤Ǥꡢ̳ʾڷȯǧ뤳ȤϤʤΤǤ

Ū˸Ȼפޤ

̳ʾڷϡˡ7裲ˤơǯ٤κʤƽԤʤФʤʤȤƤ롣ʤ̳ʾڷϤǯ٤κǤǼdzˤäƤޤǤΰŪʻⷫμʤǤꡢ̳ʾڷȯԼϺǤϤʤ

ˡ12ˤƤϡƲǯ٤ˤϡǯ٤κʤƤۤʤФʤʤƤ롣

äơˡΩƤʤСȤʤʤ̳ʾڷ⸻ĴãμʤȤȯԤͽԤ³ƤȤϺˡ塢ʤ

⤦ʬĺȻפޤ

ˡϡ̳ʾڷȯԤϤޤǤ⹽¤Ūʺ­äƤʤλⷫΤμڶǤȤƤΤˡⶶϡˡΧμݤ̵뤷ơ­ȯƤƤⷫڶ⤬ǧƤ٤ȼĥƤΤǤ

ɡˡʤ̵뤷ƹä뤳Ȥˤʤꡢ줳ƥŪȯǤϤʤǤ礦



ȤϡʬΤȤ̱ΤȤͤʤȤ󡢤Ȼפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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ϡ桼ԡŪ˸6ζԤ餷ΤǤƤ򲤽ԡECB)ĸ򤹤ȤȤǡEUǾĤǹդȤ˥塼ˤʤäƤޤ

ȤϸäƤ⡢¿ϡ줬ɤʰ̣ĤΤ褯ʬʤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

鲤ܻؤƤȤϤäƤ⡢ƹˤϳƹˡ٤ꡢơˡ٤βdzƹܤϼζͻؤ򤳤ޤǴĤƤΤǤ

ʤΤ˲ΤλŻECB˰ɬפΤ

ˡ⤽6ԤȤʿζԤηбƤECBñȤİ뤳ȤʤɤǤΤ

ȤǡǯܤǤʬΥåȤ褯ΤǤ㤨С̱˰ܹԤƤ餽Τ褦ʤȤ褯졢ޤĹʤɤʬǮǤΤǤ

ǵ˼䤷Ȼפޤ

ϡʬ˻ȤȿФ

ʼ򤹤СŪ¿ʬäȿʤ٤ΤǤϤʤǤ礦ơ㤨Сν赡ؤʤɤפڤäѻߤƤޤ赡ؤԤäƤŻƻܸʤɤ˰ܾФǤϤʤȡ

Ψľ˸äơϡäñʵͿ뤳ȤϤǤʤΤǤ

Ȥϸο͡ΰոȤϸμ¾˱ƹŸ뤿ˤϡƤꤹ⼫ΤǤƷ⤢ǤȤäƲ鲿ޤǸ¤ѾƤΤ礤˵ǤΤǤĤޤꡢϥХǤϤʤȡ

ˤƤ⡢ʬ䤷ʤ뤳Ȥ绿˼μ򤷤ΤǤ

桼ǤϡʬɤƹܤԤäƤԤδĶ̳򡢲Ԥ˰˰褦ƤΤǤϤȿФޤȤ⡩

ǡǤ礦ޤޤˤʼ򤵤졢̶äƤ뤫⤷ޤ͡

ǤϡΰոϤɤʤΤ

桼ζԴĤζ̳򡢰ECB˽椵뤳ȤȿФΤΤ

ϡȿǤꡢ⤢ΤǤ

ϡȿФΤ

ϡäȹͤľʬΤǤ֤ˤʤޤïͤǡϰĤȿǤȤäƤ⤤ΤǤ6ζԤŪΤˤƸΨ褯Ĥ뤳ȤʤɤǤ뤫ȤȤʤΤǤʤľʬǤ硩

褺̾Фʤ̾ߤФʤΤɤäƴĤ褦ȤΤ

ɡ6ζԤECBñȤǴĤ뤳ȤˤʤäƤ⡢ΤȾϤɤ˴ĤȤꤲʤȤˤʤǤ礦ĤޤꡢECBλŻƹԤ˲ơŷɡ֤ϺȤѤʤȤˤʤǤ礦

ǤϡϲΡΤ

ϡä褦ˡECBľ6ƤĤǤʤȤƤĤλؿˤʬǺ6ԤθĤ줵줿Ǥʤ뤳Ȥɬפˤʤ뤫Ǥ

䤬äƤΤޥ褯ʬʤȤ¿ʬǤ礦

äƤΤȡECBԤδĤ˰뤳Ȥϻ¾Բǽȸʤ顢ƤζԤδĤǤĤ٤ȤΤ̷ǤϤʤȡ

Τ˻䤬äƤ뤳Ȥʬ꤯ȻפΤǤǤ⡢˸Υ桼Ȥϡ桼°6ζԤδĤECB˰Ѥͤ褦ȤƤΤȡ

ǡǤ礦

ɡΥ˥塼λỊ̇ޥʬʤȤ͡ϡ桼°ԴĤǤECB˰ܾ٤ȤɬʬʤȤȤ¾ʤʤΤǤ

Τˡ㤨Хڥֶ̱Ԥ̤ɺĸäơ⤦ޤʶԤδĤ򤷤ƤФ褫äȤȿʤϤǤ礦ä顢϶ԴĤδ򸷤ꤹФäǡƤιECBǤ뤳ȤʤɹͤʤƤ⤤Ǥ

ǤϡECBǤäƤζԤδĤ򤹤٤ȤΤ

ϡڥֶ̱Ԥεߺ餫ˤʤä褦ˡ桼ƹֶ̱Ԥͻ˸졢ơͻؤߺѤɬפ줿ȤˡƹܤϴߺѤƤʬϤǤϤɤ褦ǤʤΤǤ

ǤϡΥڥܤϡֶ̱ԤߤȤǤʤΤ

ϡΡ٥кѳؾޤޤƥåΤŦȤǤ⤢ΤǤ⤽⥹ڥܼΤڥֶ̱Ԥˤä̤ιĤͭƤäƤΤǤäơäƤߤܤԤ˻٤ƤäƤƤΤˡɤƤܤߤƤƤԤߺѤǤΤȡ

ǤϥޥǼʤͤ뤫⤷ޤ󡣥ڥֶ̱Ԥߤ۵֤ȤơڥʾǰΤֶ̱ԤߤȤǤǤϤʤȡ

פޤ

Τä餽ʤʤ뤳ȤϤǤΤǤϤǤޤ

Ρϡ桼°17ι񡹤ȼ̲ȯԸơ̲ȯԤθ¤ζ̤ԤǤECB˰ѤͤƤޤäƤ뤫ʤΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢ桼˻äϡɤǤ̲ߤȯԤȤǤΤ桼˻ä뤳Ȥˤä̲ȯԸƤ뤬Τˡɤιͻݤʤɤ˽ʬбǤʤʤäƤΤǤ

Ǥϡ17ιϡͻ顢ɤб٤ʤΤͻ򸫲ᤴʤΤ

ǡECBʤɤбʤȤȤˤʤꡢơECBʤɤߺѤΤˤФˤϡECBεߺѤоݤȤʤͻؤˤĤơ줵줿dzƶԤηбƤİƤȤɬפˤʤäȤȤʤΤǤ

ʬĺǤ礦

⤦ٷ֤Ȼפޤ

ƥ桼6ԤζԤˤĤƸĤθ¤ECBͭ褦ˤʤ뤳ȤʤפΤǤ¤6ƤˤĤľܼ鸡ԤȤʤɻ¾ԲǽʤΤǤäơΤȤƤ⡢ºݤθȾϡƹԤ˰褦ʻȤߤɬˤʤΤǤĤޤꡢ6ԤΤ60٤ľECBĤ򤹤Ф褤ΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ˡŻפΤǤ⤽ƺˡͤδƺäꤷƤơĥǥ㡼٤ΩƤʤСܤԤˤ븡ĤɬϾʤȦǤΤˡɤŪˤߤƤ⡢ƺˡͤζͻؤδƺʬ˵ǽƤ褦ˤϻפʤΤǤ

ܤˤĤƹͤƤߤƤ⡢ǧ׻ΤοʤơԤʤɶͻؤδƺʬ˹ԤʤȤʤʬʤǤʤΤǤ򺣤Τ褦˸ǧ׻ΤˤʤäƤʤʤŻʤȤΤˡΡ꤬ŤʥޥѡͻΤˤޤdz䤯ɬפΤȻפΤǤ

ܤϡΤΤ褦˿ʶͻиȤƧޤꥫ򻲹ͤˤ̤˶ͻΤǤݤäơθ¤ƤȹͤƤꥫǶͻȯ򿩤ߤ뤳ȤǤʤäǡŤʤȡ齼¤Ƥ⡢Х֥κȯϤʤȤïȤǤʤΤǤ

Ǹˡ6ԤƤECBĤ뤳Ȥϡ6Ԥϰˤ󤵤ʤϵߺѤ򤹤褦ʤΤǡܤΤĤƤθפФƤޤΤǤ


ECBñȤ6ζԤľܸ뤳ȤʤƤǤäʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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