кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2014ǯ10

䡼ˤƤäޤʿѤۤɰ700ߤۤɾ夲ΤǤ顣

ǤϡγϵƭΤŪˤ뤤äϾʤΤˡ

¤ϡ䤬ɲôºȯɽȤ줿ΤȤ

ǤϡɲôºƤϡɤΤ褦ʤΤʤΤ

ޤǯ60ߡ70ߤΥڡ䤹ȤƤޥͥ꡼١80ߤˤޤdz礹뤳ȤˤΤȤȡĹĤ㤤١򤳤ޤǤǯ50ߤ80ߤ䤹ȤˤȤ⡣

ʤȤǤۤɳ夲ΤȻפäľʣţԣơˤưʣңţɣԡˤͭĹ򡢤ȤˤޤǤ3ܤ䤷줾㤤ڡǯ3ߤǯ900ߤ䤹Τȡ

餯ETF)ͭĹ䤹ȤΤΤǤ礦ͳϤʳ˹ͤޤ󡣤ȤΤ⡢ĹĤɤ㤤Ƥ⡢˼ºݤ˽в뤪̤ϤۤʤǤˡեΨǤθ̤ƹͤȿǺǤǤϤʤǤ

䤬餪Ծ˶뤷褦ȤƤۤۤ¶⴪̲äޤޤˤʤäƤ뤫Ǥ

äơޥͥ꡼١䤹ϤϤؤɸ̤ʤȸäƤΤǤ

ǡΰ䤬ETFȤʤСϾ夬롢ȡ

ϡ䤬ĹĤ̤˹³뤳ȤˤĤβʤ٤ƤΤƱǤ

ȤȤǡ塢Ͼ夬ȤȤǻԾȿΤǤ礦

ǤϡʵФ륤ѥȤϤɤʤΤ

夬пŪ뤵Ȥץ饹θ̤ϤǤ礦ĤɲôºηкѤ˵ڤܤľܤθ̤ؤɤʤȸ虜ʤΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢ɲôº˴ؤȤ͡ʰոҤ٤Ǥ礦顢ȤƤϤäȹͤǡޤոϪȻפޤ


ʤ˳夬ʤƤȻפäå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ƹŪºĤ˽λޤʤȼϡĥ뤫Ȥʤޤ⡢ĥΤʡȻפǤ礦

ϤˡƹŪº줿Ȥΰ̣򤹤٤ȻפΤǤ

Ūº줿ȤȡǡˤQE3Ϥ줿2012ǯ9ξ֤ä褦ʵˤʤäƤͤ¿ȻפΤǤ

Ǥ⡢ǤϤʤΤǤ

ϸΤ

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FRBιͭ


2012ǯ9QE3(Ūº3ơ˳ϰʹߤϢιͭοܤ򼨤Ƥޤ

ǤQE3ϻˤ26鲯ɥäͭϡľ42鲯ɥ붯ˤޤĤǤΤǤóۤ16鲯ɥ롣ߤˤƱ֤ˡϢ¤Ƥ¶γۤϡ15鲯ɥ뤫27鲯ɥĤǤޤäơóۤ12鲯ɥ롣

äϾƻˤޤ䤬ܤΰۼºǤϥե줬ˤΤˤĤƽ񤭤ޤФƤäǤ礦

ʤΤǤܤξˤ¶Ĺ䤹ȤɸȤƤ뤿ˡ˽в뤪⤬ˤȤäǤ

ܤξˤϡܶԤͭĤóۤ¶óۤۤܰפƤޤ͡Фơƹξˤϡóۤ¶óۤäƤΤǤĤޤꡢϢ˹㤤äƤäԤϢˤ¤¤Ƥ˰ФƻѤ뤳ȤȤȤʤΤǤ

η˴ؤơǤؤɻŦʤΤϰΤɤȤǤ礦

ޤ

Τ褦ˡQE3μ»ܤˤäƤʤ˵ۤιϢͭƤΤǤĤޤꡢŪºλȸäƤ⡢ŪºQE3)򳫻Ϥ2012ǯ9ξ֤Ȥ礤˰ۤʤäƤΤǤ

ǤϡĤˤʤä鸵Τ褦ʾ֤ΤǤ礦

ϢͭƤĤ˽ԤƤСϢ䤬ͭĤͭϸ롩

פˤʤͤ¿ΤǤϤʤΤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢礤ʤʤΤǤ

ϡʬϡϢ䤬ͭ뤳εۤι뤳ȤϤʤΤǤԻޤȤƤ⡢Ǥ

ϲΤ

FOMCΥơȥȤǤ

Accordingly, the Committee decided to conclude its asset purchase program this month.

ֽäơѰϡ񻺹֤λ뤳Ȥ˷ꤷ

The Committee is maintaining its existing policy of reinvesting principal payments from its holdings of agency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities in agency mortgage-backed securities and of rolling over maturing Treasury securities at auction.

ѰϡܵغĤ佻ڷθܽԶ񤷡ޤԴޤ륪С븽Ԥ֤ݻ

This policy, by keeping the Committee's holdings of longer-term securities at sizable levels, should help maintain accommodative financial conditions.

֤ϡϢͭĹĤεϤΥ٥ݤĤȤˤäƶͻ¤ݻȤʤ

ʬˤʤޤǤ礦

ϢϡΤޤ̤ιͭƤΤǤ

ŪºλȤäƤ⡢Ϣ䤬ͭʾʤȤΰ̣ʤΤǤ



ƹϰȤĶº³ȤȤȻפäå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

δۤǼΤ褦ۤ󤸤Ƥޤ

ٵİ
֥ޥͥ꡼١ܤˤǯǣʪɸãɸѤäΤ

ۡ
ֿʹ֤ιưƯΤͻʤΤǡż֤λɽΤ褦ˤȤϤɤƤǤʤԳμ礭Τ

ɤפޤ

ʤɤΤ褦˥եٻʤԤߤ鲿äƤΤȤפޤݡեٻ뤷ʤ˹餺Ļ᤬1ǯȾۤ˸äȤФƤͤߤ顢ƱäƤΤȻפǤ礦

Ǥ礦äơۤϡ¶Ĺ⤬80ߤĶ褦ˤʤСɬեΨ2ãǸƤΤǤ衣

¶Ĺ⤬80ߤĶΤϺǯ6äʤΤǤĤޤꡢ줫⤦1ǯ4вᤷƤ롢ȡ⡢¶Ĺ165ߤãƤΤǤʬǸˤͤܤˤޤ¶Ĺ⤬ѤߤäƤΤ˥եΨϡǤαƶ1٤ΤΤǤʤΤǤ

ż֤λɽʤΤȸï⡢ʤ˺٤ȤäƤΤǤϤʤΤǤ

⤦ٸޤ¶Ĺ⤬80ߤãƤ1ǯ4ۤɤвᤷ褦ȤƤΤǤơ¶Ĺ165ߤãƤΤǤ

1ǯʾвᤷƤäƤż֤ХϤʤΤǤȤС̤ˤϻ֤ȤïǼǤ礦⤽¶Ĺ䤷Ƥ̣ʤΤǤϡȵĤΤ̤δФǤϤʤΤǤ礦

ۤϡ2ǯФä2ʪɸãǤʤäϡưŪ˼򤵤ƤޤäȤ򺣡ȿʤƤפȤäƤޤ

ȿʤΤϷ빽ʤȤǤǤ⵮褦ȼޤȡʤȤϤɤǤ⤤ΤǤ⡢¶Ĺ⤬165ߤˤãƤΤˡեΨष굤̣ʤΤ٤ʤΤǤ

ϡκݤषۤȤƼ̳礤ٶĺơǡ̲߶̤ʪΥȥ뤬񤷤ؤ֤٤ȹͤޤ



ɽߤˤϤʤȤĺʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ۼºȯɽƤ⤦1ǯȾвᤷƤΤˡ椬ΥեΨϡǤαƶ1٤ˤȤɤޤäƤΤϲΤǤ礦

ɤפޤε

Ǥ󤶤ζͻȽƤǤ礦áƤʤϼ餷ޤ

Ǥ⡢󤶤ȽƤ͡ΤϤ¸ΤǤ礦

ΰͤۤˤʤäƤĻᡣϡʪ򥳥ȥǤʤ褦ۤʤɬפʤȤޤǸäƤޤ䤬򥸥󥸥ɬեˤʤ롢ȡ

ˡ۽Ǥˤϡ¶λĹ⤬80٤ã2ΥեɸãǸƤޤ

ФƤޤ

Ǥϡ¤ˤϤɤʤäƤΤǤ礦

դ

¶Ĺ
Υǡˤ

2012ǯ12ʹߤ¶ĹοܤץåȤΤǤ

2012ǯ1247ߤǤä¶Ĺϡ2014ǯ1020ߤǤ165ߤˤޤãƤΤǤĻ᤬äƤ80ߤΤܤεϤˤʤäƤΤǤ

եΨϡǤαƶ1٤ǤʤΤǤ

Τ褦ʸ¤ФƲʤۡ

ޤǤ礦

ǤϡΥեˤʤʤΤ

ˤϴĤͳͤޤͳϡ䤬Ĥ㤤夲Ƥ⤽Τ⤬Τޤ¶ȤαƤޤ˽в뤳ȤʤǤ

Ǥ礦1ǯ10ۤɤδ֤ˡιĤͭĹ119ƤΤǤĤޤꡢȤƤϻԾ119ߤΤ򶡵뤷ʹˤʤäƤΤǤǡ119ߤֶ̱Ԥ̤ºݤͻʤɤ˲󤵤ƤСʵϤ褯ʤʪäȾ夬äȤǤ礦

䤬ĤХХ㤤夲Ƥ⡢⤬¶⴪˿ޤ줿ޤޤǤΤǡɲäΤ⤬뤳ȤϤʤΤǤäơ¶ĹϡƱ֤118Ƥ뤫Ǥ

ΤäƤ뤳Ȥʬޤ

ΤäƤ뤳ȤϡեɤΩ줫ߤŪǤϤʤΤǤ¶Ĺ䤹Ȥɸˤơɤ˽в뤪̤ΤǤ礦¶Ĺ䤹Ȥ˽в뤪򾯤ʤ뤳ȤˤʤΤǡդ¶ʤ褦ˤ빩פɬפʤΤǤ

㤨СԤäƤ褦ˡ¶ζޥʥˤȤ

ܶԤºݤˤäƤΤϡޥʥˤɤϥä¶˶դʤΤǤ˴ƥץ饹ˤƤΤǤ

¶˶դȤʤСï¶ȤǤ礦

äơǤ礦ϥѤƤΤûϤۤܥǤΤˡˤ¤Ƥ0.1ζդƤ館뤫Ǥ

ϡեɤٻޤ󤬡ĤեɤΩ줫餷Ƥ򤷤ƤΤʬʤƤʤΤǤ

줬ۼºθ¤λѤʤΤǤ

Ǥ礦ºɲä˾뤫⤷ޤ󤬡˹ĤιΥڡäᡢƱ¶ĹɸͤäȰ夲ȤǤǤϲⵯʤΤǤ

ɤƤ⥤ե򵯤ΤǤСդ¶Ĺ䤵ʤפɬפʤΤǤ

ϡĤɲùʤɤ򤹤ΤǤϤʤ٤ҺĤʤɤɤɤȤ̵ôݤֶ̱Ԥͻ񤹤褦ʤȤ򤹤С˽в뤪̤뤳ȤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ȤȤ;ѤơĤϤǤʤΤǤ



¶ϤɤɤƤΤ˥եˤʤäƤʤΤǤСۤϤͳ٤Ȼפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

Ԥ»ܤ桼˽ߤ130ԤκǯǤΥȥ쥹ƥȤη̤餫ˤʤޤ

ʡʡʤ130ԤΤ25Ԥ­ǧꤵ줿ΤȤŪ˸СɬפȤ˻Ψ5.5ãƤʤäȡ

ɤפޤ

130ԤΤ25ԤǤ顢Τ2䤬褷ȤˤʤΤǤϤɤͤƤ⡢ʻ֤ʤΤǤ

⡢25ԤΤ13Ԥ̤ʤɤλǤƤʤȸΤǤ

ȤȤϡ餫ΤȤ򤭤äȤƤޤͻʶԤ¿¸ߤƤȤȤʤΤǤ

ǤϡԹʤ25ԤϤɤΤ褦ϰ˽椷ƤΤ

ʤȥꥢ9ԡꥷ㤬3ԡץ3Ԥȡ˽椷ƤΤǤ

פȡѥХåΤ2007ǯ8ơ꡼ޥ󥷥åΤ2008ǯ9Ǥ顢ζԤηбĴ褦ˤʤäƤ⤦7ǯʾвᤷƤȤΤˤΤꤵޤʤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢ʤ⤷ޤܤǤ׹ԤХ֥᤹ˤɬפǤäǤ

ˤƤ⡢衢ƤӶͻȯŸ褦ʤȤ򲤽ԤƨϤϤʤȻפΤǤĤäϰζԤηбĴפȼǤȤ¤ǤʤΤǤ

ȤǡܴפȼʶԤ¸³ǧ٤ɤȤȤޤȤäƤΤ褦ʶԤݻƤޤСƤӶͻȯŸͤޤ󡣤ΰǡΤ褦ʷбĴפȼʶԤ¸ߤƤ뤫顢ʤʤʵʤ礭ʸˤʤΤǤ

ΤȤСΤ褦ʶԤϥꥹ뤳ȤǤʤΤǡͻ˾öŪˤʤäƤޤǤˡΤ褦ʶԤ¸ߤȤȤ˰̤ο͡դȡԤΥޥɤɤƤ嵤ˤʤꡢ񤬹ƤޤǤ

ϡȴŪк˰᤯Ф٤ʤΤǤ̾ƤʤΤǤΤ褦٤٤äƤȤȤʤΤǤ


ζԤȤ԰ʾ֤ˤ뤳Ȥ˶äȤå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

äޤֺ̳ʤȤƤϺԾȤä̤ƹĤʤɤμ¤褦ˤ뤬ʶäƤʤ

˴ؤƤȯȤС23˺̳ʤ»ܤûĤ꤬ƥޥʥˤʤäȤ˴ؤƤΤΤʤΤǤ

ڤΩܤڤꤿ©ޤǤ館ȤΤǤСʤ˴򤷤ȤϤʤϤǤ礦

ä顢ɤȤƶŪɾϹפʤƸ鷺ˡ־ФߤޤޤפȤǤФ褫äΤ򡣾̤Ǥ衢̡

Ǥ⡢ƶŪɾϹʤƸ虜ʤΤϡɤͤƤ⤽줬ˤۤʤޤ󡣤ʤǤڤꤿ©ޤǤ館Τȡ

Ǥ⡢Τ褦ʾQĤäƤȤΤǤС֤ʶäƤʤפȤȯǡʤΤʤΤǤ礦

äϼΤ褦ˤҤ٤ޤ

֡ʽԴ֤˲̤ˤơ줬μ¤ˤʾʤХޥʥǤ㤤

ɤפޤ

ǻ䤬񤤤ȤפФƲ

֤Ǥ⡢⤦ʬ䤹С䤬ޥʥֶ̱ԤʤɤͭƤûĤΤǡޥʥΤǤФȤޥʥûĤƤ⽽ʬ˾䤬ȴ롢Ĥޤ٤뤳ȤǤġ

󤬡ƱȤͤƤ뤳Ȥʬޤ

ûĤǥޥʥȯͳϡ䤬ˤ⤤ʤǹĤ㤤夲Ƥ뤫ȡ

Ĥޤꡢ䤬̤ĶʤûĤƤ뤳ȤԤơֶ̱Ԥʤɤ̤ĶʤǹȤȤʤΤǤ

äơ̾ʤ餪Ȼפ̤ĶʤǹĤֶ̱Ԥʤɤιư⡢ȤϤʤΤǤΤϡιưʤΤǤ

γ̤ĶʤûĤɬפΤ

Ǥ礦

Ǥ⡢䤬ΥޥʥԼ⤤Ƥ⡢ˤäܤ»򤹤ǤʤĤȤ⡢ʧ빽ʤȤǤϤʤʤƹͤƤͤ¿ȻפΤǤ

ɤפޤ

ܤʧڤʤΤ빽ʤȤʤΤǤ礦

ΤˤܶԤ̰ʾβʤǹĤ뤳ȤɬפˤʤΤǤĤޤꡢʬܶԤ»ȯ롢ȡơä»ȯΤܶԤιǼն⤬ĤʤȡΤȤܤˤȤäƤϾץ饹ˤʤäǤϤʤΤǤ

ɤ˹ͤǹĤƤ餦ֶ̱ԤʤɤŪ٤Ǥ顢ΤζôڤʤäƤ⡢ܤȤƤϥȡǹͤ»ˤʤäƤޤΤǤ

ʶäƤϤʤȤϸäƤ⡢䤬ԼʤȤ򤷤ưޥʥϤΤǤ


ڶ򤹤ܤ©餦ʤƤɤͤƤ⤪Ȼפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

̳ʤ»ܤûĤǡʿ꤬ƥޥʥˤʤä󤸤ƤޤŪ˸Хޥʥ0.0037ˤʤäȡɤפޤ

֤ɤפäơûĤζޥʥˤʤäΤϽƤǤϤʤΤǤϡ

ޤΤ褦ʵ⤤뤫ȻפޤΥڤǥޥʥζĤȤäǡ̳ʤ»ܤûĤʿ꤬ޥʥˤʤäΤϽƤΤȤʤΤǤ

ܶԤԤ˹Ĥ㤤ڤԤ硢ȤƤϹĤ㤤ɸΤ¿ȤäƤĤȤȤʤǤϤʤΤǤֶ̱Ԥʤɤܤˤߤ˺ݤʧΤ̾ͤʤǤ硩

ɤƤߤ¦ʧʤФʤʤΤȡǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ºݤˤΤ褦ԲIJʤȤäȤΤǤ

ΤʤΤǤ礦

пʹϼΤ褦󤸤Ƥޤ

䤬ԾǹĤ̤äƤꡢԾή̤Ĥ϶ü˸äƤ롣ͻؤôݤʤɤɬפûĤݤǤʤʤäƤꡢ㤤

𤬤ʬˤʤäǤ礦

Ǥ⡢⤦ʬ䤹С䤬ޥʥֶ̱ԤʤɤͭƤûĤΤǡޥʥΤǤФȤޥʥûĤƤ⽽ʬ˾䤬ȴ롢Ĥޤ٤뤳ȤǤΤǤʤȤƤΤǤ

Ȥϻפޤ󤫡

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䤬ޥʥǼʬͭûĤƤΤǡֶ̱Ԥϲ⤷ʤƤ⡢ȤûĤä٤뤳ȤǤ뤫Ǥ

ǡΤ褦ˤûĤ꤬ޥʥˤʤ褦ʤȤΤDZס߰¤ΰϤ롢ȡ

Ǥϡ߰¤ˤʤäƤ줬ܷкѤΤˤʤäƤȸΤ

߰¤ˤʤäʪ夬롣ʪ夬ȾԤιϤʬå롣ơԤιϤåΤǡʬ¼ϸ롢ȡ

פΤǤ䤬ɤƤĤ̤˹ɬפΤǤСĿ͸Ĥ̤ȯԤƼˡθĿ͸Ĥ䤬̰ʾβʤǸĿͤ㤤ФȻפΤǤ

ʤСĿ͸ĤͭĿͤϲˤ⤻ˤ٤ǤơʬϤΤǾ񤬳ȯˤʤȻפΤǤ

Ǥ⡢äƤǤ礦

θĿ͸Ĥͭ褦ʤͥɬפΤȡ

Ȥ顢äƤޥʥˤιĤ㤤⤪ȤȤʤΤǤ



䤬ֶ̱ͻؤ̰ʾβʤĤ㤤ΤϤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ȯɽ줿ǰפˤС2014ǯپǰ׼٤54271ߤֻˤʤäǤοͤȤƤϡֻۤȤ⡣

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դ򸫤ơĤȻפä뤫⤷ޤ󡣲ֻȸʤ顢2013ǯٲֻ礭ǤϤʤȡƤʤDzΤ˾̤ʤ2013ǯٲֻۤ礭ΤǤ˸¤С2014ǯپֻۤޤǤǰ礭ȤˤʤΤǤ

ˤƤǰֻ礷Ƥȡ2014ǯ2014ǯ٤ǤߤƤо٤ֻˤʤ뤳ȤۤΤǤäơ2014ǯηо٤ϴ4616ߤۤɤֻˤʤäƤ뤫Ǥ

Ǥϡǯ2ܤȯɽ2014ǯιݼ٤ºݤֻȤʤä硢ԾϤɤΤ褦ȿ򼨤Τ

ϡʤꥷå󥰤ʥ˥塼ˤʤΤǤϤʤȿۤޤΤʤСǰ׼٤Τߤʤ餺о٤ޤֻžʤСܤκĸȤȤƤϰ̤⤤ʤ뤫Ǥ

ˡʤ㤤ĹϤ㤯Τоֻ夷ȤȤˤʤСʤȱ߰¤ʤळȤǤ礦ǡäƱ߰¤ʤȡʪ򲡤夲װˤʤĤʤʪɸǤƤͳʤɤʤʤäƤޤΤǤ

Ǥ礦

Ǥ⡢ǤϺѤߤޤ󡣶餯ܹĤФ뿮ǧ㲼ϤȤߤƤǤ礦ޤ˹Ĥ˽뤳ȤϤʤƤ⾯ķɱ󤹤ȡ

Ψ10˰夲뤳Ȥ˴ؤơ»ܻĹ٤Ȥ褦ʵޤʹ褦ˤʤäƤƤޤDZԤܹĤβ㲼ꥹؤɹθƤʤΤǤ

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BBCߤƤߤޤ

Yuko Obuchi: Japanese trade and industry minister quits

־޼ͥҡܤηкѻäǤ

Japan's trade and industry minister has submitted her resignation to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe over claims she abused donation funds.

ܤηкѻäѵǤΤ˰ܿФƼɽФ

Yuko Obuchi is alleged to have used funds from her political support groups and other donations on make-up and other items unconnected to politics.

־޼ͥҤϡٱΤ¾δնʤɤʤ򡢲ʤ¾ưȤϴطΤʤΤػٽФȸƤ

She handed Mr Abe a letter of resignation during a 30-minute meeting with him, state broadcaster NHK said.

ϰȤ30ʬˤ錄̤ˤƼɽϤȡNHK󤸤

Ms Obuchi was once seen as potentially Japan's first female premier.

־޼ϡĤܤκǽνͭϸȤߤƤ

She was one of five women appointed by Mr Abe in his last cabinet reshuffle.

ϡܲ¤դˤ5ͤννΰͤǤä

NHK TV said on Monday that Ms Obuchi would reveal the results of an investigation into her alleged abuse of funds after meeting Mr Abe to offer her resignation.

־޼ϡܻȤβ̤ǼɽФ塢Ѥ˴ؤĴ̤ɽȡNHKΥƥӤ󤸤

Mr Abe's first term as prime minister in 2006-2007 saw a string of scandals amongst his ministers, eventually leading to his own resignation for health reasons after just one year in office.

2006ǯ2007ǯΰ켡դǤϳνȼǤΤȤɡǤ1ǯǷ򹯾ͳǼǤ̤Ȥʤä

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