кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2015ǯ01

⡢ꥷˤĤƹͤƤߤȻפΤǤˤʤˤߴλϤƤ뤫äơǤ

εդǤ͡äơBBCϡΤ褦󤸤ƤΤǤ

Greece shuns debt talks with troika.

֥ꥷϡȥȤä礤򤱤

Greece's Varoufakis: 'No debt talks with EU-IMF troika'

֥ꥷΥХեʺ̳ˡEUIMFΥȥȺ̳ĤϤʤ١

ꥷο̳ä˽ǤΤϥХեȤкѳؼԤǤοͤEUκ̳äΥإåɤǤ֥롼Ȳ̤κݤդƤ֤Ƥ٤Ȥä餢ޤ

ɤ餬ڤƤΤդˤʤΤǤ

֥롼ϡĤ˥ͥȤQŪǸ줿ΤǤΥХե̳äϡΡͥ˥֥롼Υġ⡢ΥĤܥγ˽ФƤΤǤ

ڤ¦夤ΩˤʤƤΤϡθʤΤǤ礦

ϡΤ餤٤ǤʤȡڶʤǧƤ館ʤȤȤʤΤǤ礦

ꥷΥХե̳äϡȥôԤä礦ʤƤĤϤʤȸΤǤʬϥꥷκ̳ȾʬĢäˤƤ餦ĤǤ뤬ʬä򤹤Τϥ桼Υ꡼Ȥȡ

ˤʤȤäƤޤ

֥ꥷοϴ¸ͭǤʥץ˴ŤʤɵʤޤͭǤʥץβǤ«ʤɼĤϤʤ

פˡꥷʳι񡹤ꥷФ«ȸΤФơΤ褦«ͭǤʥץ˴ŤΤʤȸǤ

ȥ鲡դ줿ΤͭǡפȤäƤפȤäƤ⡢Υץ饰बä餳ꥷϤޤǤɤˤäƤ줿ΤǤǡ˹̱褬줷ʤäȸäƤǤ

ꥷο͡εǯ⤬˥åȤ줿ȸäƤޤΡͭǡפʥץ饰ब¸ߤʤСǯٵ뤵ʤäΤǤ

ޤϹԤĤȤޤǹԤĤʤȡꥷο͡ϵդʤȤȤǤ礦

2ˤޤȤޤä̳ʧδ¤ޤȸޤҤäȤ顢23֤⤷顢ޤԾ줬ӤϤΤǤϤʤǤ礦



ꥷǤޤ԰¤ޤꤽʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

⤦۽̺ˤѤʤȤФ˿ꥷ̱

ꥷ5ǯۤþ򤭤ˤʤäȥEUIMFECB)˶ͻٱĤޤζͻٱ뤿ξȤƥꥷ϶۽̺줿ΤǤ

빽ʤȤ

Τˡ¾þ򤷤Ǥ顢ޤǤȿʤƥꥷκкѤΩľϤΤϡȸ

ɤкѤ˹žʤȡ

ȤΤ⡢ꥷGDP϶۽̺Τ25%⸺塢ۤäͻҤʤ˼ΨϡȤ25%Ȥ⤤ͤ򼨤ƤΤǤ顣

ɤפޤ

äѤ۽̰ݤϴְäƤ롩

кѤĹʤȤˤǼʤϷǤʤ

פΤǤĥեɤ夲ĬɤʤƸƤФͤϡꥷɤߤƤΤʹƤߤȡϥꥷοιͤٻΤǤ礦

кѤĹʤ¤ǼʤĤȤΤĤιͤǤϤǤ礦

ϡĸ¦ǧƤ뤫ǤĤޤꡢ۽̺뤳ȤڶǧƤ뤫ȤȤǤ

󡢤ĸ¦ǧƤΤǤв⤢ޤ󡣥ꥷϿȷڤˤʤäƷкѤĹ뤳Ȥ˿ϤФǤ

Ǥϡĸ¦ϡڶǧΤ

ĥץ饹޼ϡ̳︺ǧƤ餦ĥڤäƤΤǤĤꥷʳι񡹤ϡεʤΤǤ

󡢲⤷ʤȤȤϤʤǤ礦Ǥ⡢ȸäƤ⡢ֺ̳Ѵ֤򤵤˱ĹȤ٤ΤȤǡ̳︺ĤޤڶΤʤϤʤȸäƤΤǤ

äˡɥĤ٤϶ŤǤ

֤ιͤǤϡꥷܤʵ³褦뤳ȤפǡˤϤޤǤ«뤳ȤޤޤƤ

«Ȥϡȼڶ֤ȤȤǤ

ʤȤ׿ͤ⤤ޤ

֥ꥷͭԤˤϡɤޤɼΤͳָ롣桹ˤϡꥷФͻٱ³뤫Ǥڤ뤫ָ

IMFΥ饬̳⤳äƤޤ

֥桼ˤϽ餹٤롼뤬סι̰櫓ˤϤʤ

Ǥϡĥץ饹޼󤬹̱˱褦ȤƤ⡢ĤҤ뤳Ȥɬꡣ

Ǥ礦

­Τʤȸäơ桼Υæͤϥĥץ饹޼ˤϤʤ褦ʤΤǡĤʤȡɡ̱δԤ΢ڤ

ȸȤǤ礦ȸ鷺Ʋȸä餤Τ

ɼڤꤿΤ֤¾ʤΤǤݡΤǤϤޤ󡣥ꥷϴ˼ڶƤäƤΤǤĤޤꡢꥷϰöڶƤäƤˡޤƤΤǡĸԤä㤦ȸäƤΤǤ



ꥷޤĤȻפå򤪴ꤤޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

οͼǺܤϿ󤵤Ƥޤοͼϡ117ΰץȷкѹƱѰˤ륹ԡ¦ɷ㤷ȤäˤʤäƤΤǤϤʤȤƤޤ

ΤISILƮչ2ɥλٱ򤹤ȤäƤޤ͡

Ψľ˸äơ򤹤гΤ˥¦ɷ㤹ʤȡ⤽ΤȤޤâη˴ؤ¦ϡλٱϤޤǤƻٱΤǤ뤫Ƥޤ

ȤǡοʹߤȡΥԡαѸŬڤǤϤʤäȤɷ㤷ƤޤäΤǤϤʤȤ䤬Ǥʤ줿ΤȤâϱѸ̤ˤʤȸäƤ褦Ǥġ

ɤȤʤΤǤ礦

ԤˤС֥äƤƮװƮδפ뤿2ɥٱ礹פȡ򤵤줿ΤǤϤʤȡ

ȤȤǡϡΥԡθʸȱɤ٤Ƥߤ뤳Ȥˤޤ

Ѥʤ˳ͤˤϤɤΤ褦ʹΤȤȤǧ뤿ˡ褺ʸ˸Ƥߤޤ

We are going to provide assistance for refugees and displaced persons from Iraq and Syria.

We are also going to support Turkey and Lebanon. All that, we shall do to help curb the threat ISIL poses. I will pledge assistance of a total of about 200 million U.S. dollars for those countries contending with ISIL, to help build their human capacities, infrastructure, and so on.

ǡǤ礦

ǤϡʸܸƤޤ礦

We are going to provide assistance for refugees and displaced persons from Iraq and Syria.

ֲ桹ϡ饯ڤӥꥢ̱̱ФٱͿޤ

We are also going to support Turkey and Lebanon.

ֲ桹Ϥޤȥ륳ȥХΥλٱԤޤ

All that, we shall do to help curb the threat ISIL poses.

֤ϤߤʡISILζҤ¤뤿˹ԤΤʤΤǤ

I will pledge assistance of a total of about 200 million U.S. dollars for those countries contending with ISIL, to help build their human capacities,infrastructure, and so on.

ֻϡISILƮ񡹤Фͺ೫ȯ䥤եʤɤٱ礹뤿ۤǤ褽2ɥαɽޤ

ǤϡʸϤɤʤäƤΤǤ礦

֥饯ꥢ̱̱ٱ硢ȥ륳ХΥؤλٱ򤹤ΤϡISIL⤿餹Ҥ򾯤Ǥ⿩ߤ뤿Ǥƻʿͺ೫ȯեޤᡢISILƮճƹˡۤ2ɥ١ٱ«ޤ

ǡǤ礦

褺ǽ˵դΤϡʸǤϡƻʿͺ೫ȯեޤפȤʤäƤΤΡѸǤϡֿͺ೫ȯ䥤եʤɤٱ礹뤿פȤʤäƤ뤳ȤǤ

ơ˵ˤʤΤϡѸʹƤͤƬˤϡܤƮι2ɥȤ褺ƬꡢμˡαŪͺ೫ȯ䥤եΤȤ­ȻפΤФʸϡ褺ŪμˡαоȱۤҤ٤Ƥ뤳ȤǤ

Ⱦ˥奢󥹤ۤʤޤ͡ȤȤǡʸ򤹤⡢Ѹ򤷤˥ɷ㤹ǤΤǤ

줫顢⤦ĵˤʤ뤳Ȥޤ¦Τ2ɥλٱϿƻٱȸĥäƤǡθĽǤϡͺ೫ȯ䥤եٱΤȸäƤ뤳ȤˤĤƤǤ

Τ˰ΥԡΤʤˤϿƻٱˤĤƸڤĽ⤢ΤǤĤǤ⡢ƻٱȸС̤Ͽ̿˴ؤ۵ޤλٱؤΤ̤ǤĤޤꡢչФ2ɥλٱ礬ͺ೫ȯ䥤եٱΤǤȤΤǤСʤƤŵŪʿƻٱȤϰ㤦ΤǤ

ߤˡ̳ʤϿƻٱ˴ؤơΤ褦򤷤Ƥޤ

ֶ۵ޡƻٱδܳǰ

Ūˡƻٱδܸ§ϡ1˿ƻ§2˸ʿ§3Ω§4Ω§4ĤǤꡢ椬⤳δܸ§ºŤĤĿƻٱ»ܤƤޤ

1˿ƻ§
ɤʾˤäƤ⡢ͤҤȤοʹ֤̿ººŤ뤳ȡ

2˸ʿ§
ҡͼҲŪϰ̤ޤΰոˤ뤤ʤ뺹̤Ԥ鷺ˤٹ礤˱ƸĿͤߤȤؤᡢǤޤפ뺤ľ̤ͥ͡褹뤳ȡ

3Ω§
ʤˤŪͼŪŪŪΩˤưԤ˲ôʤȡ

4Ω§
ŪкŪŪʤɤʤΩˤ⺸줺ݤʤƻٱ»ܤ뤳ȡ

ǡǤ礦

ʾγ̳ʤɤǤȡλٱϡ3ˤΩ§4ˤΩ§񿨤ʵ⤹ΤǤĤޤꡢƮФƿƻٱͿȤȤϡθ§񿨤롢ȤȤǤ





ѶŪʿ¼䤷ʤƤСܿͤʶ˴ޤǽ礭ʤ롢Ȼפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

͵blog󥭥󥰤





Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

Ǥϱ褤ΤǤ礦Ȥ

2٤ˤʤ뤳ȤǤΤǡλȤǤ礦ˡ٥Υߥdz夬ޤ

ǤϡۤϤɤ

ۤϺ̳ʽпȤǤĤƺ̳ʽпȤۤˤʤäͤȸС̳иͤФǤΤФϺ̳ǽݥȤǤ顢ΰ̣ǤȸǤ礦ˡξ⡢ŪŪ¤ǤɾƤΤǤ

Ǥϡ塢ۤɾϤɤѲȻפΤ

⤷եɸã줿ɤǤ礦

ɸã줿顢ⴶդĤʤƻפޤ

괺ɸã줿顢ܿͤΤߤʤ餺ȤƤ򤷤ȤϻפΤǤĤǤ⡢ƥǥǥǡɤȤʤΤǤ礦

Ϸ褷ƥϥåԡɤǽ뤳ȤϤʤȻפΤǤȤΤ⡢˥եΨ2%Ĥ⡢ñʪ夬ǤϤʤ¶夬ʤɤƼºݤ˷ʵ褯ʤä

μ˵뤳ȤϲǤ礦

ʪ2%ɸ֤ͤĹ³С餯٤ϡŪŪ¤򾯤Ľ̾ɬפǤȤΤ⡢ŪŪºʵ褯ʤäƤ³ȤСɬװʾʪ夬붲줬뤫Ǥ

ޤŪŪ¤򥹥ȥåפ뤳ȤϤʤˤƤ⡢˥֥졼򤫤Ϥ뤳ȤɬפˤʤΤǤĤޤꡢʤȺ٤ϡ䤬ޤ̤㤤ƤĤ򾯤ļ褦ˤʤȤȤʤΤǤ

ʤСΤȤʤĹϺƤӾ夬ϤǤ礦Ǥ⡢ºݤˤϡä䤬ž򤹤龯ĹϾ夬ϤƤǤ礦顢䤬ĤϤȡ쵤ĹϾ夬ФȤǤ礦

ơΤ褦ʾˤʤäȤˡĤۤƤݤֶ̱ԤʤɤƤӹĤιѶŪˤʤäƤСĹξ徺Ϥ٤ޤ뤳ȤǽǤ礦Ĥʵɤʤʪ夬äƤΤǤ顢ñ餬Ĥ㤤ȻפȦʤΤǤ

ȤΤ⡢Ĺ夬ФȤϡĤβʤ㲼ϤȤȤǤʤʤ꤬ФˤΤǤǤ礦ʤ夬Τʤ顢ä֤»ϤʤȻפǤ礦εդʤΤǤ顣

ǡʤȡĤβʤ㲼ߤޤʤʤꡢơΤ褦ʾDz䤬Ĥ㤤٤褦ʤȤ򤹤С٤ϵѤäƹĤοѤƤޤǤ礦

Τ褦ʾ˴٤äơ̤ƹۤϤ褯ä˫Τ

ʤȤϤʤǤ礦äƤΤȡ

ȤȤϡۤˤȤäƤϡϥեɸãǤΤ褦Ⱦüʾ֤ä³Ƥ줿ޥȤȤʤΤǤ

ϡۤ϶λʤΤǡĺΤ褦ʾ֡Ĥޤꥤեɸʤʤãʤ֤ä³ΤǤϤʤȻפäƤΤǤ

äȤ⡢2%ɸãǤʤСϤդǤ礦








եɸãܷкѤˤȤäƤϵѤäƥХȤˤʤ뤫⡢Ȼפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ꥷε޿ʺϢΥ꡼ĥץ饹޼󤬼˽ǤޤߤϢΩΤϡΩꥷͤȤ̾αޤȤȤǡɤɤȱɤǼʹˤʤäΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢̳κ︺˴ؤƤΩꥷͤ˲׵򤷤ƤΤȤǡڶĸ¦˵2ĤޤϢΩդǤǤĤγˤϡԾȿϳŤʤΤǤΤǤʰŪˤȿ褦ǤˡΤʤΤǤ礦

ǡη˴ؤBBCΤ褦ʲ򤷤ƤΤǡҲ𤷤Ȼפޤ

So why are investors not in a state of frenzied panic?

ȤϡΥѥ˥å˴٤äƤʤΤ

Why have the euro and stock markets bounced a bit?

֥桼ȳϲȿȯΤ

One slightly implausible explanation is that investors believe the eurozone would actually be stronger without Greece, so long as no other big country followed it out the door.

֤äȿ⤬Τϡꥷ㤬ȴ桼ϤषǤˤʤȤƤ뤫ȡ¾񤬤ɿ魯ưʤФä

More likely is that they believe reason will prevail, and Berlin will sanction a write-off of Greece's excessive debts.

֤äȤ餷ΤϡȤꡢɥĤꥷβʺ̳κ︺ǧΤǤϤʤȿƤ뤫ȡ

ɤȤʬǤ礦

פˡޡåȤˤ2Ĥΰۤʤäո¸ߤƤȤȤʤΤǤ

ĤϡꥷμڶФơĸ¦ǧ᤺ꥷϥ桼Υæ뤫⤷ʤʤФष桼϶Ǥˤʤ롢ȡ

ƺĤϡŪ˻֤٤ȤȽǤƯɥĤꥷ׵ळȤˤʤǤȡ

ȤȤǡɤˤƤ⡢ʤХ桼δdz뤳ȤʤΤȤΤǤ

ɤԹΤǤ͡

ɥĤϡꥷФơ롼«ϼȲƼĥƤꡢʤƤ⸽ǤϼڶΤʤˤϱʤʤΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢˺ǽŪˤΤɤ餫Υʥꥪ˼ޤäȤƤ⡢βǰ夢ꤽʵΤǤ



ꥷǺѤΤǤл֤ϿﲽʤȻԾϹͤƤΤʡȴå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

˲٤ޤˤʤäƤޤ

οͤФζǧΤΡưƤ֤ΤǤޤ͡äǵϿ뤫⤷ޤ

ǡˤʤäƤȯϤȸС

֤Ǥ⡢ǤФĤǤ衣13ܤǤ͡

13ФȤΤϡΤΤȤǤļľˤʤäǤ硩

ǡФˤĤơ˸äƤΤǤ

ֵäƥӥǥɡҶƤʬ褦С⤦ĥäƤäƤ餤͡

ȩοϴطʤ͡Ʊɶ˾夬äƥޥäƤ뤳ȤˤʤСܤκߤƱʹ֡

ɤפޤ

㤤ΤϵǤϤʤΤȸ

äơȩοϴطʤΤǤϤʤƱǤǤ顣ˡܿͤǡˤ󥴥ϻΤ̤Ƥ뤫Τ褦ȯ򤷤ޤԻʤ˲ηۤ夲ΤǤʤƤ⡢ԻʤˤϺ̰ռϤʤȦǤ礦

ǡ˲ϡ٤ʪĤȽ˵ʪդƤΤǤĤΤ褦ʤȤӻ˸ƤǤϤʤǤ

Ĥޤꡢ5ͤοȽơ줾ۤʤä٤ѤƤǤ顢˸ƤʤΤǤơԻʤηۤ˵򴶤Ƚ顢۵Ĥ򿽤Ҥ١ơ5ͤDzƿĤ롢ȡ

ʤΤ˲ϡФϼʬäȤ餫ǤϤʤȡξǡ

ä顢λҶˤ⤦٥ӥǥ򸫤ưո᤿ɤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ۤɤγοäƸҶͤ⤤ʤǤ礦ޤ餳ֶᤤ˿ؼäƤ뿳ȽȽǤǤƤΤǤ

ҶǤʬȤϡȡ

ϤääƺǤ礦

ϺǶβˤʤΤ顢äƤȦʤƤĤʤΤǤ礦

Ȥ⡢ޤ륳뤬ȴڤƤʤäΤǤ礦

ä顢񸫤ʤ˲ΤȤߤˤơ񸫤ˤƤϤǤ礦

ޤ˲ΤȤ򰭤ФꤤĤϤޤ󤬡ޤ륳뤬ȴƤ餺ä٤᤮ƤޤäΤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ϸˤϤʤʤΤǤ

Ǹ˸Τʤ褦˸äƤޤ

ϻΤȽ褷ȽƤϤʤʤȸΤǤϤʤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢Фξ¾ΥݡĤȰ㤤褺ԻʤȽꤷơξˡȽȽꤹȤåǤƤΤǤ

ǽιԻȽȽʤȤ⤫ȽȽǤʸĤƤΤǤ

ˡȤäȤƤ⡢ּʬӥǥǸ¤ꡢʬäƤ褦ʵ뤬ġפȤΤΤȤǤϤʤǤ礦

򡢤ˤäơҶǤʬȤȽФƶĥƤȤɤȤȸ



ͽλ֤1ְʾ٤Ʋ񸫤פˡȽȽȤϲȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ꥷη̤ܷۤ褷褦Ǥ޿ʺϢΥ꡼SYRIZA)򤷤ΤǤ

ͥåȾưǤϡꥷ̱δֻѤǤФƤޤ̱¿ϡǶ۽̺Ȥ⤪ФȻפäƤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ϵդ˸С۽̺äȤ̣ޤϲ롣ǯϲ롣ξ塢ۤ롣Ǥɤä餷Ƥä餤ΤȻפäƤΤǤ礦

䤬Ĥ⤤褦ˡкѱĤˤȤäƽפʤȤϵѤ򤱤ȤȤǤɤʤ˶۽֤褦ȡ;ˤޤȿ͡ϤĤƹԤʤΤǤΤߤʤ餺кѤʤʤäƤޤҤ⤢ޤ

ǤϡΤΤ褦ʵѡĤޤ۽̺ɬפȤ줿ΤǤ礦

ϡΤ褦ʸʤȡĸԤꥷߺѤOKʤäʤΤǤ

ʬˤʤޤ

äϾޤϡΤ褦ʵ޷Ѳ򤱤뤿ˡĤ餤ɤǤ򾯤ϼ줿ȼĥƤΤǤǤꤹФۤɥĥ٤ˤɤäȲäƤΤǤ

äᤷޤ

Τ˸᤮ϸΥ줷Ƥ뤫⤷ޤ󤬡ĤǤ⡢⤽⤪ڤꤿΤϥꥷܤǤꡢꥷ̱ǤΤǤ顢֤Τ

ơμڶֺѤͱͽɤ̳κ︺ޤǤǤ顢ĸԤΩȤƤ϶۽̺ݤޤ褦ȤΤΤȤʤΤǤ

㤤ޤ

Ǥ⡢ǤϤǤäƤ⡢ꥷο͡ϤʾοǤʤʤäǵ޿ʺϢΥ꡼򤷤ȤȤʤΤǤ

 ꡼Υĥץ饹޼ϤäƤޤ

ֶ줷ǯФƥꥷ̱Ϥ礦ˤ񤭤۽̺Τṉ̀Ƥ븷餷ΤΤˤס֤Ͽ夬ϤޤꡢϣţդȺ̳򸺤餹ä礦

ĸԤ̳κ︺˱ƤΤǤϤޤ

䲰ʤȡ

ꥷκ̳ˤĤƤ򤷤ޤ礦

ꥷκ̳ϡGDP175%ۤɤãƤȸƤޤܤ֤ȡ900߼ۤɤμڶȤȤˤʤΤǤ

ơꥷ㤬줿ߺѻϤȸС2400桼30ߡʤۤGDPƱۡˤ˾ΤǤεߺѻδ֤228褹ȤΤǤ

ȤȤϡꥷ㤬οβǡ1ۤɤΤ˺̳ĤޤȤʤȥꥷϥǥեȤ򵯤ƤޤȤȤʤΤǤ

ǤʤƤ⡢ٱαĹǧ뤫ʬʤΤ˥ꥷ¦Ϥʤ̳︺׵ᤷ褦ȤƤΤǤ

륱ϡꥷ㤬桼ΥæƻϤʤȸäƤޤ꡼Ȥ⡢桼ΥæĤϤʤȸäƤΤǡΰ̣ǤϺǽŪˤϥ꡼⸽ϩޤʤʤ뤫⤷ޤ󤬡ĤޤǤȤΰ㤤򸫤뤳ȤǤʤС̱λٻ쵤˼äƤޤǤ礦

ˡ륱꤬ꥷΥ桼ΥæϤʤȤǡǶᡢƤGrexit ʤաʥꥷΥ桼ΥæˤռϤƤΤǤ

ĸԤ¦ˤϡꥷ㤬׵᤹Ť̤äߤݤޥȹͤԤ⤤ȸƤޤ

줫θĤѺʤΤˤʤΤɬǤ礦ʤ桼¤Ÿ뤳ȤˤʤΤǤ礦



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ˤΥ֥˥ĺ꤬Ȥޤ

Ȥǡοͼ˴ؤƻ쿧ˤʤäƤޤ⤽äΥ˥塼ˤʤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢2ɥߤȸäƤΤεޤ˿ͼθ򴹤Ǥʤ׵ˤʤΤǤ礦

ʤܤΥƥƻĤ֤˴ѻƤơ׵ƤѹΤǤϤʤʤۤɤǤ

ܤȤܤʤɤȸƣȻפͤ˸碌Ƥޤĥοʹ֤ˤȤäƤۤɰΥ᡼ϰΤǤ礦

Ȥ⡢臘2ɥλٱ򤹤ȸäȤäݤˤäΤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢ϡܤȤƤο3̤ꤢäȻפΤǤ

ʣƹ٤äȤ٤ǤϤʤФƤϵΥ֤

ʣ˥ϥƥꥹȽĤ顢ƱѤʤɤȤȤ˹ư롣

ʣ˥ȲƤθʴط򾯤Ǥ򤭤ۤ٤ܤˤʤ롣

ϡĤƤܤнλϡɤ餫ȸСʣˤΤ褦ܤΩ;ΤˤʤǤϤʤäΤȻפΤǤԹ礬Ǥȡ

ܤΤͤϤǤϤޤܤƹƱʤƥϥƥꥹȽĤƹȤȤ˥ƥꥹȽĤβǤΤ˿Ϥ٤ʤΤȡ

ޤ̣ήΤ⤢ȤϻפΤǤĤƱܤϷˡ9󤬤Τǡ饢ꥫȰ˹ưƤ٤ΤǤơ餳⼫ɸ2ɥλٱɽΤǤ

Ǥ顢ΰ̣ܤΥǥ2ɥλٱϿƻٱ顢¦¤ĶʤƤʤƸϤʤǤƹ¦ߤƤ⡢ĤΤǤϤʤǤ礦ܤƹȤȤ˹ưڵȤ2ɥλٱɽΤǤȡä顢Υ¦˵򸯤褦ʤȤΤȡ

ˡλ郎褦ˡƹȤȤ˹ưȤȤϡĤѶŪʿ¼ȤǤܤ󤬸Ƥ֤ΤǤܿͤ͡ʶ˴ޤ褦ˤʤ뤳Ȥ̣ΤǤ

ϡȸ뤫⤷ޤ󤬡ܤŪϽŪΩͤʤСܤƹȤȤ˹ưȤ⡢ƼҲȥҲ̤ȤˤΤǤϤʤȻפޤ

ˤƤ⡢ܤƹȤȤ˹ưȤΤǤСϷˡƤΤȤǤϤʤΤǤ礦

ơޤ

ECBϡŪºѤΤơƹϴŪºϽλޤΤĤŪºѤΤ

ϡǥե򤹤뤿Ǥ͡ܤ⤽Ǥ

ǤϡƹŪºѤ뤳Ȥǥե줬ʤΤ

ϤʤäƤޤ󡣤ʤʤɸͤ2%Ϥʤ֤³ƤΤǤܤƱ褦ʤΤʤΤǤ

Ǥϡ桼ϡޥɤʥե줬ʹԤȻפΤ

ϡβǽȻפޤ

Τ

ŪºѤ˽в뤪̤СեˤʤΤǤϤʤΤ

Ԥֶ̱ԤĤ㤤夲Ƥ⡢ֶ̱ԤΤͻʤɤ˲󤵤ʤ¤ꡢºݤή̤뤪̤ʤΤǤܤξ硢¶⴪̤αޤäޤޤˤʤäƤΤǤ

ǤϡȤƤϡΤͻʤɤ˻ȤäƤ餦٤к֤ʤȤʤΤˡդ¶0.1%ζ虜虜դ¶򲼤ʤ褦ˤƤΤǤ

βͤƤΤȡ

ϡǯ10Ĥι̤䤹ȤˤޤפˡɲäδºǤäΤǤǯ80ߡ䤬ͭĤλĹ⤬褦ʥڡ㤤夲롢ȡȤۤƱۤ¶⴪ίޤʤΤǤ顢˽в뤪̤ʤΤǤ

¾ˤʪ夬ʤͳΤǤ

䤬̤˹Ĥ㤦ΤǡǶɤɤĹäƤޤȤȤϡ̴Ȥ¦С㲼װˤʤΤʲʤ򲼤;Ϥʪ˲ϤΤǤ

桦ĹζäƤǤ礦

ޥʥˤ⤦äͤʤʤäƤΤǤơʬȤĴãСä褦ȤǤ顢ʪ롢ȡ




ŪºѤ饤ե줬ʤƸʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

夲Τ٤ƶ̤ǤECBŪºĤޤĹĤιԤȤ22˷ꤷޤ

ǤϡECBŪºˤϤɤħΤݥȤ󤲤ƤߤȻפޤ

ۡ600桼ʹ1桼ʾ㤤ͽ

֤ϡ2015ǯ32016ǯ9ޤǡʥեΨɸͤãޤǡȤ

оݡ桼ιġƹECBؤνлΨ˱㤤롣

»ôƹԤ§ôECB2Τôˡ


ȤȤǡ˴ؿι⤫äоݤˤʤĤˤĤƤϡͽۤɤƹνлΨ˱ƤȤȤˤʤäΤǤǤϡŪˤɤιιĤ뤳Ȥˤʤ뤫ȸС

ECBνлϡɥĤ25.6󡢥ե󥹤20.1%ꥢ17.5%ڥ12.6%5.7%ǤΤǡޤǤ5ιĤΤ8ΤǤ

Ǥϡ5ιĤιۤɤۤɤˤʤ뤫ȸС

1桼ʾȤäƤޤ2016ǯ9ޤǼ»ܤȤС»ܴ֤19֤ˤʤΤǡפ11400桼ˤʤΤǡ˳ƹνлݤпФǤâλ񻺹ٳۤ6000ɥˤϡEUغĤֺ̱ĤޤޤƤΤǤη׻̤ˤϤʤޤˡ

ɥġ114000.2562918.4桼

ե󥹡114000.2012291.4桼

ꥢ114000.1751995桼

ڥ114000.1261436.4桼

114000.057649.8桼


ߤˡιιĻĹϤɤȸС

ɥġ2918.413204.022.1

ե󥹡2291.413611.116.8

ꥢ199514662.313.6

ڥ1436.46805.621.1

649.82962.421.9


ǡǤ礦

ǤϡޥԤȤʤ⤷ޤΤܤ٤Ƥߤޤ礦

ܤξϡߡĤͭĹ⤬ǯ80ߤˤʤ褦㤤ƤΤǡ֤ľ67鲯ߡ桼˴ǯ6000桼

ȤȤǡޤܤȻ褦ʤΤǤ礦

âкѵϤ桼ξˤܤ礭Τǡ¼ŪˤܤꤪȤʤδºȸʤȤʤǤ礦

ǤϡECBŪº˾ФȤˤäơǥեϲǤΤơʵ뤳ȤǤΤ

Ǥ⡢ɥ饮ۤϰճ˿Ťȯ򤷤ƤΤǤäơʤȤäƤΤǤ顣

What monetary policy can do is create the basis for growth. But for growth to pick up, you need investment; for investment, you need confidence; and for confidence, you need structural reform.

 ֶͻǤ뤳ȤϡĹδפ뤳ȤơĹΨˤϳ򤹤뤳Ȥɬפơ򤹤뤿ˤϼĤȤɬפơĤˤϹ¤פԤȤɬפ

ǡǤ礦

ɥ饮ۤŪºѶŪǤ뤳ȤΤäƤˡեɤʤΤȻפäƤޤͻθ³ȤΤ褯ʬäƤ褦ʤΤǤˡкѤĹ뤿ˤϡ񤬳ȯ뤳ȤȤϸ鷺ˡɬפȸȤܤΥեɤȤ礭㤦Ǥ礦

ޤܤηиС

ŪºѢޥ̤͡碪եȯ

ȤϤʤ餺

ŪºѢ桼¤οŸեȯ

ȤȤǽ㴳Ȥ٤Ǥ礦




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䤬ʹΤϡ餬Τ褦ʹư˽ФǤ

ϤˤޤǽФƥμչФɽȤǤߤ˸Ƥޤ͡

ǡФơܤϡϸǤ롢ȡƻٱΤαǤꡢ¦ϸ򤷤ƤΤȡ

ɡĻϡǤǼǤޤ󡣤äơϡ餫ƱѤʤɤ¦դȻפä餳2ɥαɽΤǤ礦з褹ٱ礹Τȡ

ΤȤˤĤƥ񤫤饯졼बդȡݡϸʤơ

ϡΤ褦ۣ٤ˤʤʤΤǤ

饤ɷ㤹뵤ʤɤʤäȸΤǤС2ɥα򤹤ˤƤ⡢äΩʤˡäȦ

ºݤˤϡ˸ܤƱѤ¦դȤץ졼åפΤǤ

ޤܤΥǥܤФθΤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢顢ܤΥǥƻϥޥʬˤΤǤ

ǤϡƹǤϡλɤΤ褦󤸤ƤΤǤ礦

ƹθ饸NPRΥ˥塼Ǥ

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

Once again, hostages in orange jumpsuits have appeared in a video from the Islamic State, or ISIS. This time the men being threatened with death are Japanese nationals. ISIS is demanding a $200 million ransom in exchange for their lives. That demand comes three days after Japan's prime minister pledged exactly that amount, $200 million, in non-military assistance to the U.S.-led coalition fighting ISIS. We wanted to know how this drama is playing out in Japan. For that, we turn to The Washington Post Tokyo bureau chief, Anna Fifield.

֤ޤ䥪󥸿ξ岼Ĥʤ夿ͼISISΥӥǥо줷Ƥޤ󻦤ȶƤˤܿͤǤISISϡ̿Ȱ2ɥο׵ᤷƤޤ׵ϡISISäƤƹƱФ󷳻ٱȤ2ɥαɽ3˹Ԥ줿ΤǤ桹ϡΥɥޤܤǤɤΤ褦Ÿˤʤ뤫ΤꤿäΤǡ亮ȥݥȤٶĹΥ󡦥եեɤƤǤߤޤ

NPRϡƻٱȤϸäƤʤΤǤñ󷳻ŪٱȽҤ٤ƤΤǤ

Good morning.

ANNA FIFIELD: Good morning, Renee.

MONTAGNE: Now, ISIS showed the hostages in a video and gave Japan 72 hours to ransom them, saying otherwise they would be killed. So, what is the Japanese government doing as far as you know before that deadline?

ISISϡӥǥǿͼ򸫤ơ72֤ͱͽͿޤޤʧʤȻȸäƤޤܤϲ򤷤ƤΤǤ礦ΤäƤ¤Ǥ鶵Ʋ¤ޤǤ˲򤹤뤫

FIFIELD: Well, the government has said that it has been trying to reach the group that is holding these men and that it hasn't been able to reach them yet. But they have instead been talking to the Americans and to the U.K., two countries who have had nationals beheaded in a grisly fashion by this group. But interestingly, they also have been talking to the French and the Italian governments. Both of these had hostages taken by this group and then released reportedly after they paid ransoms for them. So that has sparked some speculation that maybe the Japanese government is considering paying some money to this group and that they may be trying to use this period to negotiate down the price tag from $200 million.

ܤϡͼ«Ƥ륰롼פȥ󥿥ȤϤƤȸäƤޤޤܿϤǤƤʤ褦ǤƹȱѹȤä򤷤Ƥޤ2ĤιϡΥ롼פˤäƼ¤Ƥޤޤ̣Ȥˡܤϥե󥹤ȥꥢܤȤä򤷤ƤޤξȤ⡢Υ롼פˤͼޤʧäƼ󤸤ƤޤǡܤϡΥ롼פ˴餫ζʧȤƤƤΤǤϤʤȤ2ɥοڤĤ򤹤ΤǤϤʤȤβ¬ƤΤǤ

ƹ񡢱ѹϿʧʤäե󥹡ꥢϻʧäȸäƤޤʬ䤹ǤϡܤϤɤʤΤȤʤΤǤ

MONTAGNE: What then is the talk in Japan about whether the government should pay? Are people talking about that? Because just to say, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has been quite aggressive on the international stage, something of a hawk. So, those two are a little bit in tension there?

ܤʧ٤ɤˤĤƤι̱ϤɤǤ礦͡ϤΤȤˤĤäƤΤǤȤΤ⡢ϡ̤ǶŻӤƤ뤷ĤĤޤ꥿ɤǤ顣ʧȤȶϩ뤳Ȥϡ̷⤹褦ʡġ

FIFIELD: Right, they are. I mean, there's a wide range of opinion. Some people say that the government should be doing everything it can to get these men home. Some people are saying that he should rescind this offer of $200 million to countries that are fighting the Islamic State. But just in general, this whole situation comes at a very delicate time for Japan. Prime Minister Abe is trying to make Japan a stronger and more normal country, in his words. And he is trying to take off some of the post-war shackles that were imposed on Japan, including by spending more money on the military and allowing Japan's military to become more involved in international situations. So this is sparking a lot of debate in Japan. Some people are saying that it's because of Abe's very aggressive stance and his big vision for Japan, that Japan has got itself into a situation like this in the first place - that it's over there in the Middle East where it has, you know, no business being. But then on the other hand, some people are saying that they wanted to go and launch a rescue mission. Right now under the constitution, Japan can't do that. So conservatives are saying this is exactly why Japan needs to change.

ֳΤˤǤ͡Ǥոޤͼ᤹ʤܤϤʤǤ⤹٤ȸԤ⤤ޤäƤФ2ɥαű󤹤٤ȸԤ⤤ޤŪˤϡλܤˤȤä̯ʤȤ˵ȸޤϡθդڤСܤ궯ʹˤ٤Ϥ򤷤ƤʤΤǤޤ塢ܤ˲ݤ줿­Ȥ٤Ϥ򤷤ƤʤΤǤˤϡäǤܤηŪץ쥼󥹤뤳ȤޤޤƤޤΤǤܤΤ褦ʾΤϡιŪʻΤǤ롢ȡʤδطʤϤǤܤʤơȡΰǡ߽к˾ФȤ˾ǤΤȸԤ⤤ΤǤߤϡˡˤäƤ줬Ǥޤ󡣤ǡݼɤοʹ֤ϡܤѤɬפȸäƤΤǤ

ΤˡչФ2ɥαɽű󤹤뤳ȤĤθĺˤʤ뤫⤷ޤ

MONTAGNE: Well, one thing though that's unusual about this is that even though France and Italy and some other countries are believed to have paid enormous ransoms to get hostages out and to save their lives, none of these countries admit that they are paying ransoms. Japan is in this unusual circumstance of being asked straightforwardly in public to come up with the money. Would that not compromise, certainly, the country's credibility or Abe's credibility as a hawk?

֤Ի׵ĤʤΤϡե󥹤䥤ꥢϤʳι⡢ͼߤФ˿ʧäȿƤΤˡιϤɤ⤽ΤȤǧƤʤȤǤ̤ǤʤܤϡʧΤȸȼ򤵤ƤΤǤΤȤܤοϡΥɤο٤ޤ礤դΤǤ礦

FIFIELD: In some respects, yes it would, I think. I mean, there would be no way of dodging this. So, Abe is in a very difficult situation there. He's prided himself on being very hawkish. But there would be a lot of criticism, I think, if he wasn't seen to be doing everything he could to try and get them back. At the same time, I should say that there's quite a lot of criticism in Japan of these two men. The people are saying that they got themselves into the situation and neither of them had any business being there. And there's some anger towards them.

֤ǤϡŶȻפޤ򤱤ˡϤʤǤ礦ǰϺˤȸΤǤϥɤǤ뤳Ȥ˸ؤ򴶤ƤޤȽ¿ޤͼߤФ˰Ǥ¤ΤȤʤǤ⤷ƤȤ˸ʤä顢ȡƱˡͼˤʤä2ͤФȽ¿ȸäƤȻפޤϲδطʤΤˤ˼иƹԤäȸԤ⤤ޤФܤ⤢ΤǤ

MONTAGNE: Well, explain that a little bit. Tell us a little bit more about these two men being held.

ֿͼˤʤäƤ2ͤˤĤƤ⤦ܤƲ

FIFIELD: Right. So one of them is Mr. Goto, who is a freelance journalist, a cameraman, and had been filing footage back for Japanese television stations and he had been going back and forth to there. And on one of these trips he had met this other man, Mr. Yukawa, who seems to be a very troubled individual. He'd had a lot of problems in his life. He'd gone bankrupt, his wife had died, and he was on this kind of voyage of self-discovery in the Middle East and apparently had ambitions to become some kind of military contractor. So these two met up along the way, though they seem to have been taken at different times. Mr. Yukawa went missing in August and Mr. Goto, not until at least October.

ʬޤ1ͤϥե꡼󥹤Υ㡼ʥꥹȤǤꡢޥǤ⤢ƣǤܤΥƥӶɤ˱ǤΤǤơϤˤϲ٤Ԥä褿ꤷƤޤơΤ褦ʹԤ򤹤֤ˤ⤦ͤȽвäΤǤ¿ʹ֤ȸƤޤξǤ꤬¿äƤޤ˻⤷ޤ˴ƤޤϼȯΤιԤƤΤǤơȼԤ̴ƤΤǤơ2ͤвäΤǤäȤ⡢2ͤϡۤʤäޤäȤߤƤޤ8˹ܤˤʤޤƣϡʤƤ10ޤǤޤäƤʤΤǤ


ƹƻ֤꤬Τ褦ʤΤǤС餯ܤʧäƤ⡢ܤۤá뤳ȤϤʤǤ礦󡢤餵ޤ˿ʧȤϤǤʤǤ礦



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