кѥ˥塼

޸Ρкѥ˥塼̤ưͻ֥Ǥϵ岹Ȳ˻ߤΤúи󾧤ޤиӽиȤϰ㤤ޤߤʴ㤤ΤǤ

2016ǯ10

轵TBSΤҤ뤪Ӥ򸫤Ƥ顢ݡĥ󥵥륿Ȥνɰ᤬ͤȤäƤޤ

ᤤ勞ԥåλ߷ߤˤäȤС褬ʤʤʿ¤ˤʤΤȡ

椵ϡ¾ˤ⤪ȤȤǤ礦ȤΩǤƱ

ͤȤΤäȻפ鷺ˤϤޤǤ

ˡˤޤ˭ϲ֤ˤäȻ֤ȥͥ륮䤫ʤФʤΤˤ⹴餺ܡȲɤˤ٤ȤȤ˻İԤδؿƥӴطԤФƻäƤΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢ܤˤȤäơԥå뤳ȤǤפʲǤȤ٤ʤΤǤ礦

ǤפʲΰĤȸäƤ⤤ǤĤˤƤ⡢ˤɯˤ⹴餺ͥ褷ƤФ٤оݤԥåʤΤǤ礦

ݡŤͤơϼǤʤΤˤޤȤΤʤ顢ޤϤǤΤǤ

ϡΤ褦ʤȤʿʴǸΤޤ

ԥå2߰ʾȤ⤷ʤ

֡ʿΩˤĤơˡ34鲯ߤäƤΩɤʤΤ¤롣Υץ饤ɤܤˤäƤȻפ

ˤϡˤδΤƤʤƤΤϡ̳ʤαŤ˲᤮ʤʤƼĥڤޤĤǤ⡢2025ǯ¸ߤΤäƤͤ餹СʤȤޤݵʤȤȻפ鷺ˤϤʤΤǤ

¤̵뤷ĶʤƤΤϤɤĤʤΤȡ

Ȥǡϡ2025ǯ¸ΤǤ礦

Τʤ

ҥȤ򤢤ޤ礦ҥȤϡIJ塣IJȤΤ񤷤Х٥ӡ֡ޡ

ܤξ硢1947ǯ1949ǯޤ줿͡Υ롼פIJȤο800ͤۤɤȸޤ

ǶܤǤϡ1ǯ֤ޤ֤ο100ͤۤɤǤ顢IJϡ23ܤ¿ޤ줿ȤȤˤʤޤ

ĤƤγعξˤͤˤȤäƤϡλҶοΤʤȾʤȡ

1947ǯޤ줿ͤϺǯ69С1949ǯޤοͤϺǯ67ФǤ

ȤȤǡ2025ǯˤʤȡIJϸԤȤ75Ф˴ãƤΤǤ

ʤȡ쵤˸𲽤ο͸Τǡ񤬵뤳ȤǤ礦

Ūˤϡ2015ǯ٤2015ǯ٤ˤơ1.4ܡ1.9ܤ⤫褦ˤʤꡢη̡ǯޤ᤿ҲݾΤѤ120ߤ149ߤۤɤޤȸޤƤޤ

פ10ǯ֤30ߤٽФǤ顢κ⸻ɤ餫õƤɬפǤΡܤΤɤˤʺ⸻ȸΤǤ礦

˾ǤǤŤȤƤ⡢⤵15ݥȤۤɤ夲ʤФʤʤ׻ˤʤäƤޤޤ

8󤫤10ؤΰ夲Ǥ¸񤷤ΤˡɤäƼ¸ǤȤΤǤ礦

⤷⸻ĤʤСťӥμȤĿͤô夲ʤʤäƤޤޤ

ԥåơʵ¿ɤʤäȤƤ⡢5ǯˤϺôȤʻ֤ԤƤΤǤ


ܤˤϡڤʥԥåߤ;͵ʤɡɤõƤʤȤפޤ



ڤʥԥåߤߤ뤳ȤĥƤ͡ϡΤǤϤʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ɥƥΤΤȤݥԥꥹȤȸƤɾȤޤ򴱤εܲȻǤ

Ĥޤꡢ罰˷޹礷ƤȤʤΤǤĤǤ⡢Ͼ㤦ȻפΤǤȤΤ⡢եԥι̱ٻͳϡեԥγ٤Ⱥ᤬ʤʤꡢ¤ɤʤäƤ뤫ʤΤǤñ˿͵äƤΤȤ㤦ΤǤ

ष͵ȸС˵նФޤμˡΤȤǤϤʤΤǤ礦

ääޤĤȸäơŬˡ³ˤ餺ȺԤȤܤԤ򸽾Ǽͻ뤳ȤƤȦϤʤΤǤ

ϤΤȤꡣ

Ǥ⡢եԥϼ¤ƤȤȤʤΤǤ礦

ߤˡݥԥꥹȤΰ̣ϡݥԥꥺοԤǤȤƤޤ

ǤϡݥԥꥺȤϲȸС19ƹǵä̱粽ʵк׵ᤷ̱ޤμҲױưΤȤȸޤ

ȤʤСȺߤƤʳ̤ιȤϳݥԥꥹȤȸäƤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ˤƤ⡢罰޹ȤȤ̣ǤΥݥԥꥹȤȸСļ3ͤΤʤ褦˻פޤ

1ܡäƤҥ꡼ȥ

ˤơޤѥ᡼꤬֤֤Ƥޤ᡼뤬ĤäFBI餫ˤΤǤ

ΤȤʤ顢ȥرĤϤȽȥ׿رĤϤ紿ޡ

ޤޤϤɤʤ뤫ʬޤ

ˤƤ⡢ҥ꡼ϡʬ̳ĹǤäȤˤTPPٻƤˡäƤ뺣TPPꤷƤΤǤ

ʤΤʤȡ

줬ݥԥꥹȤǤʤơݥԥꥹȤʤΤȸ

2ܤϡڹΥѥΡ

̩Ĺ֤ϤñʤͧͤήƤȤȽڹǤμǤ뱿ưˤޤȯŸƤޤïΤʤΤפȡ

⤽פޤ

ɤʿΤλؼޤǤƤȸޤ

ߤˡ̩ήƤͧͤ̾ϡý¡

ɤϡ󥷥롣

ܿͤˤȤäƤϡä񤷤Ǥ͡Ǥ⡢񤷤ɤФ륳ĤΤǤȤΤ⡢ڹǤϡ
ֶ()ס()ס(ѥ)ס()סŢ()פΣĤ̾͸βȾΤǡࡢѥȲ󤫸СȳФ뤳ȤǤ뤫Ǥ

ࡢѥ

ȸСʤ٤٤о줹뾮λ

ΤΥ󥹤ɤȻפޤ

Ǥ⡢λˤʤäܥεΤγʹ򤹤ɬפϤʤȻפޤ

ϥ顢

ϡϥΥХ

顢;פλʳʹˤʤä罰μȤΤʤΤǤ

ޤӤߤʵΰʹǤʤäޤʤΤǤ


ˤƤ⡢ɤȤ⡢Ȥʤ餳뤲ȤΤ򸫤Ƥ餤ΤȻפޤ



ڹΤϡǤ뤷ʤʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ɥƥΤ˽ߤȸäƤޤ

ɤƤʤΤǤ礦
Everybody was asleep, snoring, but a voice said... 'If you don't stop (cursing), I will bring this plane down now.' And I said, 'Who is this?' So, of course, it's God.So I promised God not to express slang, cuss words and everything.

֤ߤʡӤ򤫤ƿƤʹΤ⤷֤ĤΤߤʤΤʤ顢ԵȤȡǡϸäïʤΤȡ顢ȡǡϿФơФʸդϻȤʤȤ«Τ


ǼǤɥƥΤϡɤ˽ߤȤäΤǤ礦


ʣ˥ХΤƬƤΤʬäʤʹ

ʣ˽ߤʤȡʬ̿ʤȴ

ʣ˥᡼󥸤򤷤褦Ȼפä

ʣˤȤꤢäޤ⤷ʤ

ʣФʤȤ򤤤äƤ⡢ܤǤ;ʤä

ʣˤɤ⤿ѤäƤ뤫


ˤƤ⡢ɥƥΤˡոΤǤ礦

ʤȡɥƥƤ餷ϤʤʤäƤޤޤ͡

ݡǤϤʤ괺ȿʤλ򼨤ǡޤʤäФʤȤΤǤ礦

ʹ֡ñѤΤǤϤʤǤ

ǡ١˽ФʸդǤȤϤɤΤǤ礦

ޤʹּʬľǤפȤäΤʤƸ⤷ޤ͡




ɥƥƤ˽ߤ뤳ȤϤʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ɥߤ1ɥ=105˾褻Ƥޤ

ĤƱǤα߰¥ɥ˿ƤΤǤ礦

ĤƱǤƹĹ徺ƶ礷Ƥ뤫ʤΤǤ

ƹĤܡ2016-10-27


ǤϡƹĹ徺ƤΤȸС

ΤǤ礦

ƹ夲βǽ礭ʤäƤ뤫顩

ΤˤʤäƤ뵤ϤΤǤΰǡĹϡֹⰵкѡ˸ڤƤΤǡ줫餹夲ꤵǽ⤢ȻϻפΤǤǡǤ礦

Ǥϡ夲βǽʳǡƶڤܤƤ뤳ȤΤ

ǡǤ礦

¤ϡˤơեˤʤǽޤäƤƤȤθлϤᡢ줬Ĺ夬äƤΤǤϤʤȸƤΤǤ

륹ȥ꡼ȥ㡼ʥ뤬Τ褦˽񤤤Ƥޤ


Investors worried for years about the prospect of deflation. Now another concern—inflation—is starting to rattle global markets.

ȤϡĹǯǥեθ̤ǰƤ⤦ĤηǰࡢĤޤꥤե줬ԾäϤƤ


ȤΤ⡢ƹ9ξʪؿ1ǯ٤1.5徺ȤʤäƤΤǤ2014ǯ10ξ徺ΨǤꡢǤ⥤եΨ夬äƤ뤫ʤΤȤ


ƹǤƾʪ夬äƤθϡ¤˾夬äȤ礭ȤƤޤ2ΥեɸͤˤϤޤڤФʤǤ

ˡĹ夬äȤϤäƤ⡢1.85٤ȡĹ餯¤ȸƤ2ȲäƤǤ顢ȤƤϤۤɤǤϤʤΤǤ

âή줬ѤäƤƤΤ¡

Ū˥եΨ徺ơܤ⥤եΨ夬ꡢ2ɸã뤳ȤˤʤСޤ٤ȤʤƹۤϹͤƤ뤫⤷ޤ󤬡ĤޤǤˤäƤ褦ˡեΨ夬ꡢơ夬СIJʤ˽͡ʰƶ뤳Ȥ褷˺ƤϤޤ

夬ˤƤ⡢˾夬褦ˤʤФʤΤǤ



ʪ2夲Ȥϴ˼Ԥ˽äƤ뤷ޤ˺2ɸãǤȤƤ⡢ܷкѤɤʤݾڤϤʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ⰵкѤʤդǴؿ򽸤Ƥޤ

ȤϤäƤ⡢δؿϡɥƥΤФؿʬΰ졢ݡʬΰۤɤǤʤ⤷ޤ

ϡιⰵкѤ˴ؿޤ

ֹ찵

ݡǤϤʤơⰵкѡ

ѸǤϡhigh-pressure economy ȤǤ

ΰϤȸСפΰϤΤȡĤޤꡢפ֤ⰵкѤʤΤȡ

ͤȡ̤񤷤ƤǤϤʤȤʬΤǤĤǤϡκιⰵкѤؿ򽸤Ƥ뤫ȸСFRBΥĹⰵкѤ˸ڤⰵкɬפǤ뤫⤷ʤߤʤȤäƤ뤫ʤΤǤ

ȤȤǡϥĹɤʤȤäƤΤߤƤߤȻפޤ

If we assume that hysteresis is in fact present to some degree after deep recessions, the natural next question is to ask whether it might be possible to reverse these adverse supply-side effects by temporarily running a "high-pressure economy," with robust aggregate demand and a tight labor market.

֤⤷ʷʵθ塢ºݤ̤¸ߤƤȲꤹСμϡ϶פȥȤϫƯԾͭⰵкѾ֤Ū³뤳Ȥˤäưƶͭ륵ץ饤ɸ̤ȿž뤳ȤǽǤ뤫ɤǤ

One can certainly identify plausible ways in which this might occur.

֤ɤΤ褦ʾǤΤ褦ʤȤ뤫⤷ʤȡǧ뤳ȤǤͤ⤤Ǥ

Increased business sales would almost certainly raise the productive capacity of the economy by encouraging additional capital spending, especially if accompanied by reduced uncertainty about future prospects.

ִȤ夲С¿ʬԳμ褦ʴĶǤϡ夹뤳ȤˤäƷкѤǽϤ뤳ȤȤʤ

In addition, a tight labor market might draw in potential workers who would otherwise sit on the sidelines and encourage job-to-job transitions that could also lead to more-efficient--and, hence, more-productive--job matches.

ֲäơϫƯԾ줬ȤǤСʤмºݤˤϸѤʤȻפŪϫƯԤƤӹߡġΰư¥ʤǽꡢʤϫƯԾ줬ΨŪˤʤꡢƤŪȤ߹碌ǽȤʤ

Finally, albeit more speculatively, strong demand could potentially yield significant productivity gains by, among other things, prompting higher levels of research and development spending and increasing the incentives to start new, innovative businesses.

ֺǸˡ˿¬ŪʤȤˤʤ뤬פä˹٤ĴФٽФ¥ʤꡢ׿ŪʻȤ򥹥Ȥ륤󥻥ƥ֤ꤹ뤳Ȥˤäǽ

Hysteresis effects--and the possibility they might be reversed--could have important implications for the conduct of monetary and fiscal policy.

̡ơʤǽϡͻڤӺˤȤäƽפʰ̣

For example, hysteresis would seem to make it even more important for policymakers to act quickly and aggressively in response to a recession, because doing so would help to reduce the depth and persistence of the downturn, thereby limiting the supply-side damage that might otherwise ensue.

㤨С̤ϡʵ˿®ˤѶŪбԤˤȤäƤ˽פǤ褦˻פ롣ȤΤ⡢뤳ȤˤäơʤȯǤȻפ륵ץ饤ɤ˼¤뤳Ȥˤäơʵο蘆ڸ뤳Ȥˤʤ뤫Ǥ

In addition, if strong economic conditions can partially reverse supply-side damage after it has occurred, then policymakers may want to aim at being more accommodative during recoveries than would be called for under the traditional view that supply is largely independent of demand.

ֲäơкѾץ饤ɤ˼ʬŪˤǤž뤳ȤǤСԤϡϼפ鳵ΩƤȹͤŪʸβ⡢äȴŪɸˤ뤫⤷ʤ

More research is needed, however, to better understand the influence of movements in aggregate demand on aggregate supply.

֤פͿƶ򤵤ˤ褯򤹤뤿ˤʤĴɬפȤ

From a policy perspective, we of course need to bear in mind that an accommodative monetary stance, if maintained too long, could have costs that exceed the benefits by increasing the risk of financial instability or undermining price stability.

֤桹ϡºĹ³˵ޥʥ̡Ĥޤͻ԰ꤵʪΰ»ʤȤפ륳ȤˤĤαդɬפ

More generally, the benefits and potential costs of pursuing such a strategy remain hard to quantify, and other policies might be better suited to address damage to the supply side of the economy.

֤Ū˸С³뤳ȤˤפŪʥȤ̲Τ񤷤ȤǤ뤷ץ饤ɤФ˼н褹ˤϡ¾⤷ʤ

ǡǤ礦

ĹϲΤ

ˤƤ⡢̤ΰ̣Τ뤳ȤݥȤˤʤȻפޤ

ĹϡĹԶ³ȡͻθ̤Фˤϥ饰ȼפäۤɤθ̤Фʤʤ뤫⤷ʤȸΤ⤷ޤ

Ǥϡɤ뤫

餳פɲä뤳ȡϼפɲä¥ʤ뤳ȤפˤʤǽΤȡ

âΤȤʤ顢Τ褦ˤѤȼΤǡʤĴ椬ɬפǤȸΤǤ

ȤĻϡĹ˸

ʤɬפʤȡ

ΤʤСܤϡ⤦20ǯ֤ۤɡΤ褦ʹⰵк³Ƥ뤫ʤΤǤ

Ǥ⡢ܤ̤ޤ

ʤǤ礦

ĤäΤܤμڶλǤ

ʹ¦ĹΨƤΤϡкѤӤƤƤ뤫ǤäơкѤοӤ뤫ȸС¶⤬Ū㤤˳ʤʤΤǤ




ԤδطԤϡ񤷤դȤäơʬѤʻŻ򤷤Ƥ뿶򤷤ƤǤϤʤȻפäå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

ǤǶᡢ߰¤˿ƤȻפޤ󤫡

1ɥ=100ߤΤǤϡĤʤƻפƤȤ⤢äΤǤ10ä龯ġơӤƱ߰¤ʤߡ1ɥ=105äƤƤ褦ʴʤΤǤ

ɤƤʤΤǤ礦͡

ϤεǤǤͳϲȻפޤ

ޤʹͤȻפΤǤ

Ĥͳ򼨤ʤСƶ礷Ƥ뤫ʤΤǤ

դʱü1025ߤζǤ

ƶ2016-10-26



ܤϡĹϥ٤ͶƳȹۤϽҤ٤ΤΡۤɶϾ徺ƤʤΤǤ

ष9Ⱦ٤顢Ĺ㤤ˤ롣ơΰǡƹĹϾ夬äƤΤ顢η̡пǼƶϳ礷ƤΤǤ

ƶ礷ƤȤȤϡɥƻ񻺤񤹤߷ƻ񻺤񤹤褦걿ѱפ¿ʤȤȤǡɥμפޤꡢɥ߰¤ΰϤΤǤ

ˤƤ⡢ۤϡͻɸ̤ѤơĹϥ٤ͶƳȸäȦʤΤˡϰΤɤǤ礦

ˡۤʬθäդ¤˽ΤǤСĹ⤦夬褦˹Ĥ㤤ۤ򸺤餹ȤʤȤʤФʤʤΤˡȤϤʤǤ

ΤǤ礦

ʤȤ򤷤ƶ夬ȡƶ̾Ƥޤʤȱ߹˿ƤޤȻפޤ

ۤϡΤ줫ϻԾȤäŻ뤹ʤƸäƤޤķɡȤȤ뤳Ȥ㤦ΤǤ衢οͤϡ

ȤȤǡۤθȤϺ⿮ƤϤʤȤȤʤΤǤ



ۤθȤ⡢θȤ⿮ʤȻפå򤪴ꤤפޤ

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Υȥ꡼ϤƤʥ֥åޡɲ

եԥΥɥƥΤˤĤƺ񤭤ޤȤ2ͤ᡼ĺޤΤǡҲ𤷤ޤ

֥եԥΤ򤤤Ǥ͡⤷ƥܡ⡩Ͼ̤Ǥϥե󥷥եɡåݥĤΡ֥åɥեפ٤ΤǤǥ塼г̿ξ̤ޤΥ塼ФȸߤޤǤΥեԥμҲ񡦷кѾƤΤǤϤʤȴޤĤޤꡢ찮͵ؤȳܤ˻ۤ줿ȰΤ褦ʹˤƤϡ̱ˡˤϵǽʤʤȤ¾񤬸Ф뤳Ȥ ι٤줿֤򤽤Τޤޱ䡹³ˤʤȡDΤϹͤƤΤʡȻפޤ


ּ¤ϻ䡢ɥƥΤαեǤХΤˡSon of a bitchפȤϹ˹ԤפȤäꡢ֥ꥫפȤ䥯ˤǤǥꥫȤδطȤä꽬ʿȲ񤦤ȤƥݤǤäꡣ򤤤ʤǤĶ̤˼äƤ봶ǤȺͤͺޤƲͤ⻦ơֲҥȥ顼פȤФ˼ʤȤƷ׻ŤΤȤʤΤ⤷ޤ󡣡ֿ͸򱾡Ⱥ̱ͤΤȤäͥפȤפäƤ󤸤ʤǤ礦We have a problem here trying to preserve our society.פ줬οͤιưʤ󤸤ʤǤ礦ʤ󤫤οͤܤˤäƤʤǤ礦͡Ǥ⤳οͻޤ͡Ǥ椫᤿夫ʬޤ󤬡ŨϤƤޤ󤫤顣ʬäƤΤȤǤ礦͡äѤΤȻפޤ衣ܤޤ͡ɤ٤ȯ뤫ڤߤǤ

2ͤɤ⤢꤬Ȥޤ

ơܤˤƤޤ˴ؿޤäƤơīʹǥˤϡ֥ɥƥΡƹͳᥤȤϡפȤȥǵǺܤƤޤ

οƹǤϤɤΤ褦󤸤Ƥ뤫Ȥȡƹθ饸nprƻƤΤʬޤ

Want to know why the Philippines president, Rodrigo Duterte, seems to hate the U.S. so much?

֥եԥΤΥɥꥴɥƥƤƹ򤽤ۤɷäƤ褦˸ͳΤꤿ

The roots go back more than a century, but there's a more recent reason as well.

֤⤽1ν̤뤬ǶᵯȤطƤ


ȤȤǡ褺ǶᵯᥤϤޤΤǤ

ᥤΥᥤϲΤȤȸСϿͤ̾ʤΤǤ

2002ǯ516ˡõȤǤߥϥ롦ᥤƹҡˤںߤƤեԥΥХԤδʰ׽ΰ켼ǡʬƤƤȤΤΤǤ

νΤХԤλĹĹǯ̳ƤΤɥƥƻǤ

ᥤϤ±˱Ф줿ȤΤǤΤȤʤ顢ΤǺѤǽΤǤ줬ֻפȯŸƤޤΤǤ

褺ȯľ塢ϤηٻĹˬ졢ȯΤ򵯤ᥤ䤹뤿±Ǥ

ȤΤ⡢ΥߥʥѴʾǤĤĤޤꡢƥ郎¿ȯƤơΤᤳΥᥤ᤬פʻ¤İƤΤǤϤʤȹͤ褦ʤΤǤ

ĸϤηٻϤˡᥤFBI夿ԤˤäԵǥޥ˥±˰Ƥޤäȡ

եԥΤǵƤ˻ˤĤƥɥƥƻ᤿Ĵ򤷤ƤȤˡפʾ򰮤äƤȿ¬ᥤ᤬FBIˤäϢФƤޤɥƥƻܤϴݤĤ֤ˤʤäƤޤäΤǤ

Ĥޤꡢեԥμ縢ȥɥƥƻλĹȤƤθ¤Ƥޤäȡ

ߤˡnprޥ˥ˤƹȴۤˤΤȤбˤĤƼ䤷Ȥ̤֤̾򤷤Ȥäȡ

ΰǡϤΥǥϡ911θ塢ƹ񤬥ƥȤ襤ʤʤǡƹ񤬥եԥΤ뷳Ϥ򶯲ŪDzΤǤϤʤȤƻƤΤǤ

Meiring's ability to travel around Mindanao, including rebel-held areas, only fueled speculation here that he was part of a larger, clandestine operation to destabilize Mindanao. It would be a pretext to justify Manila to allow a bigger U.S. presence in the region.

֥ᥤȿ𷳤ƤϰޤᡢߥʥդԤ褹뤳ȤǤȤ¬Ƥߥʥ԰경̩Ǥ̳äƤΤǤϤʤȡϰǤƹΥץ쥼󥹤뤳Ȥեԥܤǧ뤳Ȥθ¤ˤʤǤ

nprϡΤνҲ𤷤ޤ

The Meiring case is one reason for Duterte's mistrust of the U.S. — the main reason, according to most — but not the only one. His sense of grievance goes back even further into the past, to history dating back to the U.S. colonial rule of the Philippines from 1898 to 1946.

֥ᥤϡɥƥƤƹԿƤĤͳǤ롣â줬ͳǤäƤ⡢ƤͳǤǤϤʤμƹ񤬥եԥ̱ϤˤƤ1898ǯ1946ǯ̤

Ǥϡ100ǯʾ˲Ȥȡ

Duterte is particularly incensed, Caduaya says, about the alleged massacre of hundreds of Moro Muslims, including women and children, by U.S. troops on the island of Jolo in 1906.

֥ɥƥƤäˡඵ̤Υɴͤ⻦ԻˤĤƷܤƤ롣1906ǯ˥ۥ˾ΦƷˤäƽҶޤƵԻΤ

ߤˡɥƥΤƤĤϥͤʤΤȤ

ɥƥΤǤܤäƤ뤳Ȥ뤫Τ褦ˡ

Duterte circulated pictures from that era to his fellow heads of state at last month's ASEAN summit in Laos.


֥ɥƥΤϡ饪dz줿󥵥ߥåȤdzƹǾμ̿


פˡƹˤȤäԹʿ¤˽褦ȤƤΤǤ

ƹϤɤн褹ΤǤ礦

ơƹΰո̵ǤʤܤϤɤн褹ΤǤ礦

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ΤäƤޤ͡ȥפ˾Ȥʤ饯Ǥ顣

ХΤ˰֤ĤꡢιȼʤȰꤹȤ˥򤫤ǤߤĤȡ˸Ȥޤ

ˡ򤷤ƹΥХΤȤβ˥ΤʤʬΤǤ줫ɤƤȤιȼʤȰꤹݤ˥Ǥ顢ΤʬʤΤǤ

ʬˤȸСοͤ̾ʬˤΤǤ͡

Ǥ⡢ܤƤʪˡ˽Ф褦Ƥޤ礦

ɥƥơɥƥơɥƥơ

ʤȤʤɥʥɤ˻Ƥ봶Ǥ͡2͡ǯؤƱ餤Ǥ顣

ǡϡΥɥƥΤԻ׵ĤʸưϤɤΤͤƤߤΤǤ

褺ߤƤߤޤ礦

ǯǯʣС

пϡ쥤ƽޥĮ

򡧥եԥ󡦥饤ʣǯ´ȡ
󡦥٥إޥ˥鹻ˡرʣǯ´ȡ


ݣǯ裱ɶȷٻǥߡ
ݣǯХԸ̸
ݣǯХԸɸ
ݣǯХĹ
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ݣǯХĹ
ݣǯХĹ
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ХĹʣ󤢤ꡣ


ˡΧٶƸˤʤäơơĹ֡ХĹϰ̤ˤäͤʤΤǤ

ĹĹ򲿲֤ⷫƤޤϷˡǻĹ¿ػߤƤ뤿ʤΤȤס᤬Τθ塢ϰ̤˽ʤ¸򰮤äƤΤƱ褦ʤΤ򤷤ƤǤ礦

ߤȡοͤԻ׵Ĥʸưΰ̣Ǥޤ

âο͡ƱƤǷäؤˤʤäȤΤȤޤ塢ԤŪԤȤΤȤ

äѤꡢ̤Ȱ㤦иΤǤ͡

ͤ䲤ͤΤʷ줬äƤȤƤޤ

ơɤƹ񤬥եԥ򤫤Ĥƿ̱ϤˤȤФƺǤʰ򴶤Ƥ뤳Ȥطʤˤ褦ʤΤǤ

ǡοͤϡǯɤȯ򤷤Ƥ뤫ȸС

If you are doing an illegal activity in my city, if you are a criminal or part of a syndicate that preys on the innocent people of the city, for as long as I am the mayor, you are a legitimate target of assassination.

֤⤷ĮǰˡʤȤԤäƤΤʤСϡ⤷Įκʤ͡򿩤ʪˤȺȿΰǤΤʤС䤬ĹǤ¤ꡢϹˡŪͤоݤȤʤ

ݤǤ͡ݡ̣ʤΤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢ˡʼԤĨ餷뤿ȤϤ줬Ŭˡ³˴ŤʤȤʤСݤƤ褦ޤ󡣤ĤޤꡢⰭȤ򤷤ƤʤƤ⡢ְäƽȳǽ礭Ǥ

ɥƥƻ᤬Τ˽ǤƤ顢ȺˤäȤߤԤǼͻ郎1800ʾȯƤ󤸤ƤΤǤ

ޤ餳ݼҲ䥪ХΤ⡢͸ºŤ٤դƤǤ

Crime against humanity? In the first place, I'd like to be frank with you. Are they humans? What is your definition of a human being?

ֿ͸ФᡩǤϡΨľ˸Ͽʹ֤ʤΤιͤʹ֤äߤ

ȤȤǡʹʤȸäƤǤ礦

Ǥ⡢Τ褦٤Ǥȡηкѻٱ礬ʤʤäƤޤȤǰФƤΤǤФƤ϶ʤΤǤ

If you think it is high time for you guys to withdraw your assistance, go ahead. We will not beg for it. We have a problem here trying to preserve our society.

 ֤⤷кѻٱ깵Ȥ褿ȻפΤǤСФ桹Ϸкѻٱ𤦤ĤϤʤ桹ˤϼҲ餱ФʤʤȤ꤬Τ

बƼҲ˸äƤΤ褦ʤȤΤ⡢񤫤кѻٱ뤳ȤǤȤɤߤ뤫Ǥ͡

Ǥ⡢餳ϡबΥȥåפȥ߳߰ꤹΤʬʤΤǤ

οͤĹֻĹ򤷤ơȺ᤬äʤɤȤɤ̤ƻƤޤνǤ衢кѤ˴ؤƤϡꡢ̲ߤβͤɤ̤ФǤϤʤ褦ʤΤǤ

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ӥܤ175ɥƥɥƹĤȯԤ󤸤Ƥޤ

175ɥȤ18鲯ߡ񤬤ޤǤȯԤĤ1εϤȤƤϲȤƤޤʤޤǤκǹϥ를165ɥȤ

ΥĤȤˤĤƤ⤦Ū˿С

175ɥϡ3ĤΥȥ󥷥ʬˤʬƤơ5ǯġ55ɥˡ10ǯġ55ɥˡ30ǯġ65ɥˤʤȤƤޤ

ơ줾ɽΨʥݥ졼ȡˤϡ5ǯĤ2.37510ǯĤ3.25󡢤30ǯĤ4.500ȤʤäƤޤ

ǡ󡢱670ɥȯԳۤ4ܤˤã󤸤Ƥޤ


ơǼʤΤǤϤΥ˥塼ʹƤɤΤ褦ˤˤʤäƤǤ礦

3򼨤ޤΤǡ椫Dz

ʣˤءȤ

ʣˤΤΥιĤȯԤɬפΤȻפä

ʣѤΤȻפä


ǡǤ礦

ɤ줬ȤǤ⤢ޤ󡣤ޤ̤ξ硢3ĤΤΤɤ줫˻ۤΤǤϤʤȾ˻䤬ʤΤǤ

Ǥϡξ硢Υ˥塼ܤơǽɤȸС

ɤƹĤ򡢤ⳤȯԤɬפΤȡ

ʤٶȤĬή٤Ƥ뤳ȤǤ礦

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ääӤޤФ1̥ȥåפˤϡݶ϶ԤζԤñͻ񤹤ȺܤäƤޤ

JBIC̱֤ȤζĴͻ񤬸§ñͻϰפȤ񤫤Ƥޤ

ޤˤΤȤꡪ

Ρ䤬äƤʤȤȸС1990ǯХкѻٱ˸ܤƹ񤫤餻ƤȤϡݶͻɳȯͻݤô亴򤷤ƤʤΤǤߤˡΤȤ͢ԤΥ󥿡ѡȤϡݶ϶ԤΥʥСĥˤʤƤޤ

õꡣ

ˤƤ⡢ΤʤȤ˥塼ˤʤ뤫ȸС

⤦ʬǤ͡

Ǥ4ִԤ¸뤿δĶȤȤʤΤǤʤȤơִԤǤ¸ȤλפѶŪʻ򼨤ȤȤʤΤǤ礦

Τ褦ʿФ˥äƤΤϡΤΤ褦˸ʤ㲼ˤäƥκ𤬰Ƥ뤳ȤطʤˤΤǤ

âݶ϶Ԥͻ񤹤ȤϤäƤ⡢εϤ40ߤʤΤȤ

ǡˤ⾮

ä40٤ͻǥ˴ΤʤΤȡ⡢40ߤ˻Ȥ뤫ȸСΥܥȥ̥úߥʥߤ˻ȤȤΤȤǡúߥʥߤ餦ΤϡɤܴطζȼԤˤʤ餷

ä顢ʤ¦˴Ȧʤȡ

ˤƤ⡢Ǥϸʤ㲼ǺƤǤĤȤ顢ƱȤꤽʾ˻Ȥͭ̾ʥӥκ𤬰ƤȤƤǤϤʤǤ

Ƥꡢӥϡ2016ǯͽ3262ꥢ9ߡˤκֻˤʤȸޤƤΤȤ

ΤᡢӥȤƤϹǤιĤȯԤԤμڤʤɤǤ­餺ˡ󡢳ȤƥɥƤιĤȯԤ;ʤ줿ȤΤǤ

ޤˤĤƤ褯¸ΤϡΥ˥塼ʹƶäȤϤʤäǤ礦ݡ˶äȤ̤ΰ̣Ƕäȡ

ӥǹĤȯԤɬפƤΤΤäƤΤΥ᡼Ƭ˻ĤäƤΤǡʬѤäΤʡȡ

ȤȤǡ1973ǯ켡륷åʹߡޥ͡Υꥵ󥰤ʤƸդήԤäȤФƤˤȤäƤϡޤΥ꡼ȤǤ⤤٤դˤڤΩ˴٤äƤ뤳ȤΤäơޤ˥ץ饤ǤϤʤΤǤ礦

ѤΤǤ

ȤǡƥӥĸԤΩ줫̳ԤΩ˻ѤѤ뤳ȤˤäơƹĤβʤ˰ƶͿʤĤޤꡢƹζ夲ˤΤǤϤʤǰäȸƤޤΤȤƹ夬褦ʾϸƤʤȸäƤǤ礦



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ϡοʹ׻ߡˡοʲߡˡŤ3ĤʤΤȤ

Τʤ˺̸ФϾäƤޤäƤޤ

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Ǥ⡢̸ФĴӤʤΤȤ

ϡͳˤϤʤʤȻפΤǤĤ̸ФϹڸ̾ʤδɳˤꡢñOKФȦϤʤȻϻפäƤޤ

ˡĸλȯʹȡɤޤܵʤΤޥʬʤΤǤ͡

ˤƤ⡢ХåϲĹȤβ̤ǰ쵤˸򤳤褦Ȥλκ郎΢ܤ˽Фơषο˷ޤäΤ褦ʷϵˤʤäƤޤ

ǤΤǤ礦

οܤ뤳ȤʤƤ⡢Ʒ񤬾ʤʤäƤ뤫餤ǤϤʤʤʹƤޤĤǤ⡢ǽŪ˷񤬤ɤʤ뤫ʬʤΤǤ

괺󤹤뤫ȤȤdzο˷ꤷơºݤˤϷ񤬤ۤɾʤʤ뤳ȤϤʤΤǤϤʤǤ礦

ȤΤ⡢οɤϡοȤ⡢Τ뤳Ȥȡʬ֤Ȥ⤤٤ȼԤȤ뤳ȤͥǤ뤫Ǥ

˥ХˤƤޤäƤ̱̱

ۤäƤƤΤǤ礦

IOC褦ˡöο˷᤿ΤˡѹʤƸФΤȤʬʤǤϤޤ󡣤ˡ¦դȤѹȸΤǤФȤ⤫ԤȿѰǤϰոȿФǤϤʤȸСܿͤΰͤȤƲޤ

Ĥ

ϤäƤ⡢ǽŪˤôΤϲ桹̱ʤΤǤ

ơ¿ۤΤ⤬ñ¿ۤǤȤʤޤ⡢ζȼԤβ᤹ȤŪΤСʤۤäƤˤϤʤΤǤ

ƥīΥ⡼˥󥰥硼˽б餷Ƥɰϡͤ㤦ΤǤ

οǤǤϤʤȡХåϲĹΩɤʿͤȡ

νȤͤΥƥӤ˽ФΤȸСο͸JOCοǡĹԥåͶפΤƯи뤫Τ褦ʤΤǤĤޤꡢԥåͶפ̤Ƥ뤫ȡ

ݤȽǤΤϤ褯ʤΤ⤷ޤ󤬡䤿鲣ʸˤ褯ޤ

ˡʤȤäƤΤǤ

ƻοϤʤ⤤ȻפޤܤϤޤˡˤꡢŪʶӡư­ʤäη̡̾Ų塢Ȥޤάۤäᡢˤ⤵줺뤿̤򾷤Ƥޤȿʤ饪른ѥפʹȤ⤢ȤϻפäƤޤֽ꤬ܿäꡢեꥫؤλٱȤǤФꡢϯ꤬ΥסΤˬ䤷Τ⡢Ūܵ٤ΤǤ

֥쥤ǺѤǤϤޤɼäƤʪȿѰ˶ʤ׵ᤷƤ顢ॲˤǤޤϹҤΤΥեȥ饹ΥåȤҶαؤݤޤǤ륱⤢ޤޤŪϾפǤΦϢ饤֡뤬ʧʤäȤСषϤʤϤʤμ¤ˣɼ櫓Ǥ顣ĹؤκݤϡߤξѤȤäȽˤ餵ޤ줬󡢸ˤʤäƤǣߤǤºݡäФƤȡ餿ʶۤȤäʤȻפޤ

Τˡ老ȤǺѤळȤϤʤ⤷ޤ

ȤäƼʬȤ˼ФɬפϤʤΤǤ

ʤȤ򤷤Ƥ顢椬⤹뤳Ȥʤɤޤ

ĤǤʤäƤȡνᡢIOCΤȤ˾ܤȤȤǡĴѰβĹΥĻΤȤƤޤܤӤǥܡȤ򤷤ƤΤȡ

եåפˤϥĻη񤫤ƤޤΤȥꥢԥåѰĹȥݡۺȽĹȽ񤫤ƤȻפޤ

ơλ˽᤬äΤǤ򿦤ϲиȤȤȤǡϤΤ褦ϰ̤ˤǤϤޤ󡢤ȡ

θ塢CMФƵޤ˱Ļ᤬ȤͤӤθդˤޤĻϡߤ⤽ϰ̤ˤޤȡƻδְ㤤Ǥȡ

δ֡ʿʴ򤷤ۤäƤǤ

Ļ᤬ְäΤǤϤʤΤǤ᤬ä鱩Ļ⤽ȻפäƻİԤ˽ŤͤʤΤǤ

ɤФ򤷤ƤΤǤ礦͡

ˤƤ⡢ĹΤ˴ȤǤ褯ʤϤޤ

Ǥ⡢ĹΤ˴줿٤Υ󥹤äƤΤǤ͡

äƼʬ٤ǤƤ⡢ܤκסǤϤʤ椬ѤˤʤäƤޤä鸵ҤʤǤϤʤǤ

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