As we heard, Michael Cohen's recordings contradict what the Trump campaignsaid they knew about model Karen MacDougal at the time.既に聞いたとおり、マイケル・コーエンの音声データは、トランプ陣営が言っていたものとは矛盾するのです。彼らは、その当時、カレン・マクドーガルを知っていたと言っていました。It is one of a number of false statements that, over time, have come from President Trump or member of his team.これは、トランプ大統領と大統領のチームのメンバーから得られた多くの間違った発言の一つなのです。At the "NewsHour," we do not report on all of them.NewsHourでは、これらの全ては報じていません。But, tonight, we want to take a moment to step back and look broadly at President Trump's record on truth-telling and what it means for our democracy.しかし、今夜は少し時間を取って、トランプ大統領の真実の発言の記録と、それが民主主義にとって何を意味するかを探ってみたいと思います。We start with some background.先ず、背景から始めましょう。DONALD TRUMP, President of the United States:We're putting America first again, and we're seeing the incredible results.トランプ大統領：我々は、再びアメリカ第一を掲げているが、信じられない結果が得られている。JUDY WOODRUFF: When weighing what's true and what isn't, one of the president's favorite targets is the news media and the many news organaization he attacks. That was the case last night when he spoke to the Veterans of Foreign Wars in Kansas City and stirred up the crowd.ジュディ：何が真実で、何が真実でないかを判断するとき、トランプ大統領が好んで標的にするものの一つはニュースメディアであり、彼は多くのニュースメディアを攻撃する。昨夜、大統領はカンザスシティで行われたベトナム兵の集いでスピーチを行い聴衆を沸かせた。DONALD TRUMP: Just stick with us. Dont't believe crap you see from these people, the fake news.
我々を信じて欲しい。フェイクニュースが報じる馬鹿げたことなど信じてはいけない。(CHEERING AND APPLAUASE)DONALD TRUMP:Just remember, what you're seeing and what you're reading is not what's happening.貴方たちが見ていることや聞いていることは実際に起きている事ではないことを忘れてはいけない。JUDY WOODRUFF: But in just the last few weeks alone, the president has made a number of misleading or inaccurate statements on subjects ranging from Russian interference in U.S. politices to farmers and trade to how much member NATO countries spend on defense. Mr. Trump's statements on Russia have gotten the most attention, particularly after his news conference with President Putin in Helsinki, where he seemed to agree with Putin, instead of U.S. intelligence.しかし、先週だけでも、トランプ大統領は数多くのミスリーディングな、或いは不正確な発言をしています。例えば、米国の政治に関するロシアの介入から、農業や貿易問題、そして、NATOの軍事費に至るまで。ヘルシンキでのプーチン大統領との会談の後行われた記者会見で述べたトランプ大統領の発言は大変注目されました。そのとき、トランプ大統領は、プーチン大統領の意見に賛同して、政府の情報機関の意見には賛同していないように映ったのです。DONALD TRUMP: I will tell you that President Putin was extremely storng and powerful in his denial today.プーチン大統領は、ロシアの関与を本日否定したが、非常に説得力のあるものであったことを言っておきたい。JUDY WOODRUFF: That brought condemnation from both political parties, including RepublicanSenator Jeff Flake of Arizona, a frequent critic.
その発言は、民主及び共和両党からの非難を浴びた。SEN. JEFF FLAKE(R), Arizona: We have indulged myths and fabrications, pretended that it was't so bad, and our indelgence got us the capitulation in Helsinki. We in the Senate wha have been elected to represent our constutuents cannot be enableres of falsehoods.JUDY WOODRUFF: The next day, Mr. Trump said he stood with U.S. agencies, but even then he put in a caveat:DONALD TRUMP:I accept our intelligence community's conclusion that Russia's meddling in the 2016 election took place. Could be other people also. Tere's a lot of people out there.JUDY WOODRUFF: But a declassified intelligence report shared with Mr. Trump before he became president concluded that Putin personally --quote-- "ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the U.S. presidential election." U.S. agencies have not suggested any other country intended to disrupt the election. Earlier this month, in a tweet about the impact of foreign tarrifs on farmers, the president wrote that farmers have been on a downward trend for 15 years and "A big reason is bad,terrible trade deals."But that statement is not accurate. Farmeres have earned less in the past few years, but that's not been the case for 15 years. In fact, net income adjusted for inflation reached a record in 2013.And many experts say the problem has not been trade deals, but commodity prices.The Washington Post, a news organization the president regularly criticizes, keeps itsown list. It found the president has made more than 3,200 false or misleading claims whilein office. And that was before the start of summer. It also analyzied a speech Mr. Trump gave in Montana ealier this month and found 76 percent of the claims the president made in the speechalone were false, misleading or unsupported by evidence.The latest "NewsHour"/NPR/Marist poll asked whether voters think the presidenbt generallytells the truth; 58 percent said only some of the time or hardly ever: 36 percent saidalmost all of the time or most of the time. Republicans believed the president by a large margin.The poll also asked whether President Trump tells the truth more often or less than prior U.S. president; 56 percent said less often; 32 percent said more ofte.For a closer look President Trump and the matter of truth, we turn to Peter Wehner, a senior fellow at the Ethics and Public Policy Center in Washington.He served in the last three Republican administratons, Presidents Reagan and both Bushe.Lara Brown is director of the Graduate School of Political Manage,ent at the George Washington Univesity. She's also the author of several books on presidents, including "Jockeying For the American Presidency."And Domenico Montanaro, he's the lead poltical editor for NPR.And we welcome all of you back to the "NewsHour."Domenico, I'm going to starat with you upon. We were just sharing with the audience some of these poll numbers; 58 percent of those polled say they think the president tells the truth some of the time or hardly ever. How does that break down among the elecrorate? Who are we talking about here?DOMENICO MONTANARO, Political Editor, NPR:Well, and if you add never into there, you get to 61 percent. So you have a full 60-something percent of the American peopole who think that this president either never, hardly ever, or only some of the time tells the truth. You know, and when you look particularly in the suburbs, where there's going to be all these key House races, you wind up withe seeing that, you know, three-quarteres of people who live in the suburbs, including especially suburban women, who are going to be key to this election, really not having a lot of faith in this president or his ability to tell the truth.JUDY WOODRUFF: Peter Weher, the fact that we're having this conversation tells us that something different ig going on. As we said, you worked in the Bush White House 41, 43, you worked for President Reagan. What is different?PETER WEHNER, Ethics and Public Policy Center:Well, what's different is that we don't have a ryb^of -the mill liar in the White House. We have a pathological liar. This is a man who lies on personal matters, political matteres, domestic, international. He lies morning, noon, and night. And it just is never-- never-ending. So that's one thing. We have never had a president who is so pathlogically -- lise so pathologically, and lies neddlessly ofen. That's one.The other thing is the number of people in this country who believe in the lies, whohave accepted them. This has tremendous damaging effects on the political and civic culture of the country.A self-governing nation can't run if you can't have a common set of facts, if you can't agree on common realities.What you have got is White House who is engaged in not just an assault on truth, but an effort to annihilate truth.