カテゴリ: トランプ



President Trump has said the U.S. is now out of the Paris climate accord. In his speech in the Rose Garden yesterday, he listed off the reasons. Mainly, he said, the deal would hurt American workers. But the president also argued that the accord itself won't really make a difference on climate change. Here's President Trump.


PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: Even if the Paris Agreement were implemented in full with total compliance from all nations, it is estimated it would only produce a two-tenths of one degree - think of that - this much - Celsius reduction in global temperature by the year 2100 - tiny, tiny amount.


MARTIN: OK. We're going to take a closer look at some of the president's assertions, including what he just said. And we're going to do so with the help of NPR science correspondent Chris Joyce. Hi there.




MARTIN: I am well. OK, we heard the president say tiny, tiny amount.


JOYCE: Right.


MARTIN: Is he right?


JOYCE: Well, that came from an MIT study that was done in 2014. The author of that study, as of today, has said that's a misrepresentation. The reason being that the initial study by MIT scientists came up with that number in 2014 well before they got the full deal on what the countries were going to do to reduce emissions.


MARTIN: So he's citing an incomplete, outdated study.


JOYCE: They redid the study in 2016 when they had the real numbers from the Paris Agreement. The numbers they came up with was a reduction of 0.6 to 1.1 degrees centigrade. So it's three to - at least three times more than the initial number. Furthermore, we're talking about a 2 degree difference here, which - it is the target of keeping temperatures going above two degrees Celsius.


MARTIN: Which can still make a difference.


JOYCE: Yeah, and so 1.1 is a big part of 2.


MARTIN: All right. Will the U.S. leaving this accord change the effectiveness of the overall deal?


JOYCE: It could if other countries drop out certainly. I mean, the U.S. emissions actually, within this country, are going down and have been going down for years. That could reverse after 2020. And particularly then, if the rest of the world drops out, that would have a serious effect on the climate.


MARTIN: And lastly, the president took particular umbrage at part of the deal called the Green Climate Fund. He said that it's simply a transfer of wealth from us to them, them being developing countries. Can you explain that briefly?


JOYCE: Yeah. That's a $100 billion fund by 2020 that would be money from the developed world going to the developing world. But that money, though, is supposed to be programmed for climate research and climate effort to deal with climate change, not to make cars to compete with the U.S. Furthermore, half of that money is supposed to come from the private sector, from banks, not from taxpayers.


MARTIN: And those countries could use it to buy American technology.


JOYCE: Absolutely.


MARTIN: NPR science correspondent Christopher Joyce. Thanks so much, Chris.

JOYCE: Glad to be here.





 the last straw という言葉があります。





 It's the last straw that breaks the camel's back.





















 もし、総理の意向でなければ誰の意向だったのか? 官房長官の意向だったのか?



















So the president is leaving everyone in suspense today, going to Twitter and saying he will make an announcement today.



That's right. The announcement has to do with his decision about the Paris climate agreement. You might remember that during the campaign, Trump made it clear that he was no fan of the international deal struck by his predecessor.



PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: We're going to cancel the Paris climate agreement and stop...



TRUMP: Unbelievable. And stop all payments of the United States tax dollars to U.N. global warming programs.



MARTIN: This went along with another of the president's campaign promises that played well with his base.



TRUMP: We're going to save the coal industry. We are going to save that coal industry. Believe me. We're going to save it.


MARTIN: Despite what he said on the campaign trail, the president is playing his cards close to his chest on this one, at least until later this afternoon.


INSKEEP: OK. So the first question is, will he cancel the agreement? The second one is, will it do what he promised? Will it save the coal industry and other industries? We're going to talk this through starting with NPR White House correspondent Scott Horsley who's here.


Hi, Scott.


SCOTT HORSLEY, BYLINE: Good morning, Steve.


INSKEEP: OK. It seemed like the president made up his mind on the campaign trail. Unbelievable, he said of the Paris climate deal. Is there really a question about whether he will cancel it?


HORSLEY: Well, he has been getting a lot of lobbying, both from outside and inside the administration, to stay in the Paris Accords. And that includes lobbying from his own daughter Ivanka. This has been a real tug of war between the nationalists in the White House, folks like Steve Bannon, who want the president to pull out of the deal and the globalists, like Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, who want the United States to stay in.


There were reports as early as last Friday that the decision had been made. But there were other news accounts saying, no, the president's mind was still subject to change. And there are still - supporters of the deal are still running full-page ads today imploring Trump to stay in the deal. So you know, Trump the showman knows how to build suspense, build an audience. And all this uncertainty guarantees a big tune-in for his announcement in the Rose Garden this afternoon.


INSKEEP: Yeah, it focuses all attention on him. This is reminding me of NAFTA, Scott Horsley, where word went out that the president was going to cancel NAFTA, and then he was lobbied. There was some last-minute lobbying. And that's what's happening now, right?


HORSLEY: The lobbying in that case by the leaders of Canada and Mexico - in this case, he's getting lobbying from all international quarters.


INSKEEP: OK. So suppose the president were to withdraw the United States from the Paris climate accord. Suppose he does that, what's that look like? What are the mechanics?


HORSLEY: There are at least a couple of different exit doors he could walk through. He absolutely has the authority to pull out unilaterally from the Paris deal itself, but it's time consuming. And it wouldn't actually take effect until the day after the 2020 presidential election. If he wanted to take an express lane, he could withdraw from the underlying United Nations climate agreement. But that's a Senate-ratified treaty, and Congress would likely argue that it should have some sort of say so in that.


INSKEEP: Let's bring another voice into this conversation. NPR's Nate Rott covers energy and the environment.


Nate, good morning.


NATE ROTT, BYLINE: Good morning.


INSKEEP: So I'm trying to think this through. The United States has signed on to this voluntary deal to take a number of steps to reduce its carbon emissions over the coming years. The president says this costs jobs. I guess the opposite of that would be, withdrawing from the climate agreement would save jobs or create jobs. But let's fact check that a little bit. Would you actually save coal jobs, for example, by getting out of the Paris climate deal?


ROTT: Short answer, no.


INSKEEP: Thank you very much. Nate Rott...


ROTT: (Laughter) Yeah, there we go. Good to talk to you.


INSKEEP: No, let's elaborate a little bit on it.


ROTT: Now - so I mean - talking just about coal jobs, and that's what I've been mostly doing some reporting on recently, I've kind of discovered there's a big problem for coal. And that is that the coal industry is in a structural decline. And by that, I mean natural gas is cheaper. It's cleaner. Utilities across the country often prefer it to coal. On top of that, you have this massive growth in renewable energies, wind and solar, that are making big pushes. And you have growing numbers of cities and states that are committing to clean energy themselves.


Just yesterday here in California, the Senate passed a bill to use 100 percent renewable energy by 2045. And our governor, Jerry Brown, doubled down on the state's commitment to, quote, "stay the course," unquote, on the Paris Accord after he heard that Trump might be stepping out of it. And they actually...


INSKEEP: Did you say it's 100 percent renewable energy by the state of California by 2045? Did I hear you correctly?

「カリフォルニア州は2045年までに100%再生可能エネルギーを使うようにすると貴方は言いましたか? 私は聞き間違っていませんか?」

ROTT: That is correct.




ROTT: And, you know, there's - obviously, that's still got some hoops to jump through. But that is kind of a good indication of where California is going, and California's not alone. There's a lot of other states that are making commitments that are similar. So it's really hard for coal to compete in this new energy marketplace, regardless of regulation or, in this case, international climate agreements.


INSKEEP: Why are so many businesses lining up to save this climate agreement? After all, it does impose some requirements on them, and they don't tend to like government requirements.


ROTT: Well, yeah. So what you're referring to, I think, is what we've heard from a lot of companies in the tech industry, food industry, manufacturing - I mean, on and on - that have publicly announced their support of this agreement. I think there's a lot of different reasons for that, obviously. But if you want to draw a thread through all of them, I think a big one to draw is consistency. And there are two things I mean by that. There's consistency here in the U.S. Lots of these industries have been making plans under the impression that the U.S. would be part of this big climate deal. And it's not easy to change those plans overnight.


The other consistency I'm talking about is abroad. Take the auto industry. I was talking to our auto correspondent. You guys know him, Sonari Glinton, about this earlier yesterday. And he was saying, if you're a global company like Ford or Toyota, you want to be able to sell the same car here in the U.S. that you can sell in China or South Africa. So if the world is moving in one direction on something like auto emissions, as you would imagine it would under the Paris Accords, the U.S. is moving another - makes it hard for business.


HORSLEY: Even as we're talking word is coming from around the world if you're watching the news in recent hours today. China has said it's going to stand by its climate commitment. The Kremlin is saying the climate deal will be less effective without the United States. Statements are coming in.


Very, very briefly, Scott Horsley, what's it do to the U.S. standing in the world if it joins Syria and Nicaragua as the countries that aren't part of this deal?


ROTT: This would be not only an America-first move, this would be an America-going-it-alone move. This would be very much a retreat from nearly every other country on the planet that has agreed to this. There was an eye-popping quote in a Politico story yesterday that some officials have taken to calling the G7, the other G7 countries that want to stay in the deal, the G6.


INSKEEP: Oh, my.


ROTT: That's a remarkable statement about the U.S. standing in the world right.


MARTIN: But as Nate points out, California municipalities, states have already decided that this is good business. It makes good economic sense to pursue alternative energies and climate-change policies. So look to see how many more states and cities decide that they have to go it alone.


INSKEEP: NPR's Nate Rott and Scott Horsley. Thank you, gentlemen.

ROTT: You're welcome.

HORSLEY: Thank you.













  The US "is in the process of reviewing its policies on climate change and on the Paris Agreement and thus is not in a position to join the consensus on these topics".

 However, the other G7 leaders pledged to "reaffirm their strong commitment to swiftly implement the Paris Agreement".



 I will make my final decision on the Paris Accord next week!



 Mr Trump came here to learn. He came here to get smart. His views are evolving... exactly as they should be.




 We acknowledge that free, fair and mutually beneficial trade and investment, while creating reciprocal benefits, are key engines for growth and job creation. Therefore, we reiterate our commitment to keep our markets open and to fight protectionism, while standing firm against all unfair trade practices. At the same time, we acknowledge that trade has not always worked to the benefit of everyone. For this reason, we commit to adopting appropriate policies so that all firms and citizens can make the most of opportunities offered by the global economy.













The Trump administration has been dogged by controversy for the past few weeks, but now, even as the president is traveling overseas, his administration is proceeding with the business of government. It's presenting the 2018 budget today. Budget Director Mick Mulvaney calls it a, quote, "taxpayer first" budget.



MICK MULVANEY: We are no longer going to measure compassion by the number of programs or the number of people on those programs.


MARTIN: The budget includes less money for Medicaid, food stamps and disability payments; more money for the military, Border Patrol and veterans. We've got NPR's Scott Horsley on the line with us to give us a preview of the budget. Hi, Scott.


SCOTT HORSLEY, BYLINE: Good morning, Rachel.


MARTIN: How does this spending plan measure up to the draft budget plan that we saw earlier this year?


HORSLEY: Well, the budget that came out a couple of months ago was referred to at the White House as the skinny budget, and it only dealt with a skinny piece of the overall government spending pie, namely the so-called discretionary spending that Congress has to authorize each year. This budget is more comprehensive,and it includes what is really the bulk of government spending, which is entitlement programs. Now, it doesn't make big changes to the biggest entitlement programs, namely Medicare and the Social Security retirement programs. But it does call for substantial cuts to other mandatory spending, including the Social Security disability program, food stamps, as you mentioned, and Medicaid. It would cut hundreds of billions of dollars from Medicaid spending over the next decade.


MARTIN: Didn't we hear about these Medicaid cuts when the House passed their health care bill and didn't some senators say no way to those cuts?

「このメディケイドの予算削減については下院が医療法案を通過させた際、聞かなかったでしょうか? そして、上院議員の中には、それらのカットに対し反対した者がいたのではなかったのでしょうか?」

HORSLEY: (Laughter) You're right. And that is a useful reminder, that this blueprint that the White House puts out is just sort of a notional idea of what the White House would like to see. But ultimately, it's Congress that controls the purse strings, and lawmakers will have to decide what sort of spending they're going to authorize. But yes, the Obamacare repeal bill that was drafted by Republicans in the House would cut substantially into Medicaid, and there are some Republican senators who have expressed concern about that, certainly moderate Republicans but also some very conservative Republicans in states that did expand the Medicaid program under Obamacare and in some cases saw big gains in the number of people getting health insurance.


MARTIN: So what about the deficit - which is something that has traditionally been incredibly important to the Republican Party, getting the deficit under control. Does this budget move in that direction?


HORSLEY: It does. This budget, if it were actually adopted, says it would reduce the deficit as a share of the overall economy really right away and would actually eliminate the federal budget in its 10th year in 2027. However, big asterisks attached to that one as it does rely on these pretty substantial cuts, which Congress may or may not see fit to enact. And also it relies on a relatively rosy forecast of what's going to happen with the U.S. economy. Namely, it suggests that the economy is going to ramp up rather quickly in the next several years to 3 percent annual economic growth - that's about double the growth rate we saw last year - and that it would sustain that 3 percent growth rate for the better part of a decade.


Now, a lot of independent forecasters think that's overly optimistic, partly because where would the workers come from to have that level of economic growth? We already have relatively low unemployment, and we have a lot of baby boomers who are hitting retirement age every day. One of the rationales the Trump administration offers for these cuts to safety net programs is it would effectively force some people who are not working now to get back into the workforce.


MARTIN: NPR White House correspondent Scott Horsley. Hey, Scott, thanks for breaking it down for us.

HORSLEY: Good to be with you, Rachel.







 We do not want to be protectionist but we reserve our right to be protectionist to the extent that we believe trade is not free and fair.




















 【AFP=時事】ドナルド・トランプ(Donald Trump)米大統領とロシアのセルゲイ・ラブロフ(Sergei Lavrov)外相が行った非公開会談の写真をロシア政府が公開したことを受け、米政府内から怒りの声が上がっている。

 一連の写真には、ホワイトハウス(White House)の大統領執務室で10日に行われた会談で、トランプ大統領がラブロフ外相、セルゲイ・キスリャク(Sergey Kislyak)駐米ロシア大使と笑顔で握手する様子などが写っている。写真はロシア国営タス通信(TASS)が配信し、世界中のメディアに掲載された。


















The director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is appointed for a 10-year term. That is longer than the president, longer than just about anybody except federal judges. And the reason is much like the lifetime appointments for judges. The long term is supposed to insulate the FBI from political influence. Presidents come and go. Law enforcement professionals remain on the job. This explains why Democrats, including Senator Tim Kaine, were so startled when President Trump fired FBI director James Comey seven years early.


TIM KAINE: This is so troubling. An FBI director gets a 10-year term so that whether they make a president mad or Congress mad, they can be insulated from politics and do their job.


INSKEEP: Tim Kaine speaking on MORNING EDITION today. Now, the firing came as James Comey's FBI was investigating possible ties between the Trump campaign and Russia in 2016. NPR national security correspondent Mary Louise Kelly is in our studios and begins our conversation. Hi, Mary Louise.

「ティム・ケインが本日のMORNING EDITION(ニュース番組)で語っています。コミ―長官が率いるFBIが2016年に起きた可能性のあるトランプ陣営とロシアとの関係について捜査をするなかで、この解任は起きたのです。NPR政治部のマリーがスタジオにいるので、早速話をしてみたいと思います。こんにちは、マリー」



INSKEEP: So the president did put out a letter. Deputy attorney general put out a letter. Why does the administration say Comey was fired?


KELLY: Right. The president says he is following the recommendation of his attorney general and the deputy attorney general. And they say that this is because of Comey's handling of the Hillary Clinton emails. Trump says new leadership is needed - fresh start at the FBI.


INSKEEP: Let's remember James Comey came out and publicly said, we're not prosecuting Hillary Clinton, presidential candidate, but she was extremely careless - and then later made statements saying they had reopened their examination in some way in October.


KELLY: That's correct, which Trump praised at the time.


INSKEEP: But wait a minute - so you're saying the president actually praised James Comey's handling of emails, which is now the reason he's being fired?


KELLY: Well, (laughing) yeah. You try to square that loop. Safe to say the relationship has shifted. They have had a difficult relationship these last several months, these first few months of the Trump presidency. And, you know, you examine this from every possible angle. You keep coming back to the fact that Jim Comey was running the probe focused on ties between Russia and the Trump campaign.


Comey, we should mention, was supposed to be back testifying tomorrow. He's on the witness list. I just checked - he's still there to testify before the Senate intelligence committee tomorrow. One assumes that that will not happen. And it was never going to be a Russia hearing anyway, although you can't think that it wouldn't have come up. So you arrive at the question - by getting rid of the guy running the investigation, is the president trying to influence the course of that investigation?


INSKEEP: Let me ask about this, Mary Louise, because we also heard from Blake Farenthold, Republican of Texas, on the program today, who said James Comey was just on TV too much. A prosecutor should not be on TV all the time talking about people that he's not actually prosecuting. But is that true in another sense? - because James Comey has been making a number of public statements about the Russia probe specifically. He's been called before Congress more than once to talk about this.


KELLY: He has. I think if you wanted to point to one moment where, with hindsight, this maybe became inevitable, you could go back to that March 20 hearing. This was Comey testifying before the House intelligence committee. He was asked about President Trump's claim that President Obama had ordered Trump Tower to be wiretapped. And I'll actually play you a little bit of that. Here's Comey.


JAMES COMEY: With respect to the president's tweets about alleged wiretapping directed at him by the prior administration, I have no information that supports those tweets, and we have looked carefully inside the FBI.


KELLY: And I remember watching that as it unfolded live and thinking - is that sustainable, to have the head of the FBI directly contradicting the sitting president at the White House while running an investigation into the president's campaign?


INSKEEP: So what does this actually mean for the investigation?


KELLY: Well, you know, one question is whether the investigation at the FBI continues. You fire one FBI director; you have to pick a new one. There will be a delay whoever is picked - confirmation hearings, etc. And it's not a foregone conclusion that the new FBI director will continue this probe. We haven't heard that, you know, to be clear. But there are questions about how credible that probe will be going forward.


INSKEEP: And I guess we should mention there is a Senate investigation that goes on. Richard Burr, the Senate intelligence committee chairman, says he's troubled by all this. People are raising questions about the timing. There's one more coincidence of timing here, having to do with Russia, isn't there?


KELLY: There is. Yesterday, as we said, President Trump fired the man leading the Russia probe. And today at the White House, he will be welcoming Sergey Lavrov, Sergey Lavrov being Russia's minister of foreign affairs. So some interesting optics unfolding today.


INSKEEP: NPR national security correspondent Mary Louise Kelly, thanks for coming by.


KELLY: Thank you.





 Wall Street Journalに Labor Shortage squeezes Builders と題する記事が掲載されています。
















And I'm Steve Inskeep with some of the top stories of this day. David, let's talk taxes.



OK, if you insist - it's what I want to talk about every time I wake up in the morning.




GREENE: Taxes, yeah. So President Trump teased this tax announcement on Twitter over the weekend. And a lot of people in Washington were speculating this would be part of his agenda before he hits his hundredth-day mark in office. But then his administration scaled it back and said it would just be broad principles. This is Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin at the White House on Monday.



STEVEN MNUCHIN: We've been clear on what the president's objectives are for tax reform - middle income tax cut, a priority of the president's - simplification. The average American should be able to do their taxes on a large postcard. Business tax reform, we need to make business taxes competitive. And we expect with doing that we will bring back trillions of dollars from offshore.


INSKEEP: OK, Domenico Montanaro of NPR's Politics team is in our studios to talk about this. Hi, Domenico.




INSKEEP: OK, broad principles, large postcards - what are we getting here?


MONTANARO: Well, essentially those are guidelines in the same way that you would get in a campaign. There's this 15 percent business tax rate cut that Trump had laid out during the campaign. And it includes...


INSKEEP: Much lower taxes for corporations, OK.


MONTANARO: Far lower - they pay, you know, 35 percent or so, 39.6 if you're a company that pays it through your own income, like most private businesses or small businesses. And the key there is because that actually would directly benefit Donald Trump. It would save him tens of millions of dollars a year because that's how his businesses are set up. There would be tax cuts across the board, including a modest one for those considered middle-class. It would seek to simplify the tax code.


But, you know, people talk about the idea of putting taxes on a postcard, like Mnuchin did there, but it can also mean doing away with popular deductions, like the home mortgage interest deduction, something that Mnuchin promised Trump would scale back in December.


INSKEEP: And a good reminder here - I mean, your principle, your idea can be unicorns. But you've got to figure out how to make unicorns come true. And let's pick up on one of the things you mentioned, Domenico, because while campaigning, now-President Trump repeatedly made this promise.

「あることを思い出しましたが、その考えは、理想論に終わることはありませんか? 理想を現実のものにする方法を考えなければいけないと思うのですが…。選挙期間中に、今は大統領になっているトランプ氏が繰り返し言っていたことがありますので、それについて考えてみたいと思います」


PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: Under my plan, no American company will pay more than 15 percent of their business income in taxes.


INSKEEP: OK, that's a big cut because it's 35 percent now...


MONTANARO: It sure is.


INSKEEP: ...Which is pretty high compared to some other countries, which is why they want to do it. But if you cut taxes that much, it would cost trillions of dollars in revenue to the government. Has the president said how he wants to replace the money?


MONTANARO: In one ambiguous word, growth. You know, experts, though, during the campaign said that Trump's various iterations of his tax plan would blow a huge hole in the budget - trillions of dollars, even bigger than the Bush tax cuts. And that was true even using something called dynamic scoring, which takes growth into account.


INSKEEP: And so is this a serious tax plan?


MONTANARO: You know, it's a serious tax plan in the sense that he's bringing it forward. It's not in the form of legislation at this point. But he's going to have to work out a lot of things with Congress, with Democrats as well. And at this point, it's at the infant stages.