ƻ

2007ǯ07

֥ͥ
̿ ˻桪
ϡۣ


䤯ȸƤ֤Ǥ
̾ǡ䡢º䡢ͺ䡢ͺ䡢ȤʸƤ̾⤢ߤǤ
ϡۺ (NO.103) κ夫ؤ⤯ȡκ夢ˤơ̤ˤĤޤDzƻǤ


 (NO.104)1


夢ͻҤǤޤϴŤʽ𳹤ȤäǡʤĹƻǹ㺹⤢褦ǡ夫αʤΤߤʤʤʴǤ


 (NO.104)2


ƻ򤹤ȤʴʤǤ
夫Ǥϡ狼ˤäƻΤޤʷϵȤ狼䤹ΤǤϤʤǤ͡
֤ϰʳ̤ƻʤΤǤߤƤΤȤ夤ʷϵΤƻǤ


 (NO.104)3


٤ϡįƤߤޤ
Ƥߤȡäʹ㺹ΤƻäΤǤΥĹäΤǡƻΤϻפäϸ۶礬ʤ褦Ǥ


 (NO.104)4


ơۤȤɺ䲼ˤƤߤȡ¦˥ʷʪΥȴۤƤޤ

ʤߤˡκƻˤϼ̿Ǥ⸫ƤȤꡢĤΤ褦ʺ꤬ꡢ
عͻܤθݽꡢʪȡˤäʤޤäͺ䡢ȸƤ֡
Ȥޤ
ơƻŵˡɴʣǯ1638ˤˤϤˤϤˤ⤦줿ǯ1913ˤѤơʸʪˤ˰ܤäɤȤꡢȤ碌ƤߤƤߤȡˤȤꤢº (NO.17) Ǥ⤹ϤʤƤ뾮ʪȤ椫ΤäǤ͡


 (NO.104)5


Ǹ˺䲼ͻҤǤ䲼ޤǤȤޤȤϰ̣äʷϵˤʤäƤޤ
ޤ̤ˤߤƤ®ƻϩιͤ餷ΤƤ뤢꤬̤ȤȤˤʤޤ



Ͽ
ۣ

֥ͥ
̿ ˻桪
ϡۣ


äȸƤ֤Ǥ
ϡ (NO.102) κ夢Υեȴۤβؤ⤯ȡۺˤĤʤäƤޤ


ۺ (NO.103)1


䲼Ƚ񤤤ƤΤǡ졩Ȼפ⤷ޤ󤬡˸ܤǤϡʤΤǤäƤˤޤƻǡƻŵˤزƻʤȤȤؤȤƻˤȽ񤤤ƤäΤǡƤߤޤ

ʤߤˤˤϡ̿Ǥ⸫ƤȤꡢĤκ꤬ꡢ
ݥëξëë䡢ΤʤޤǤĤ䡢ۤն¿Ǥλ⤬롣
Ȥޤ
ۤͥåȤĴ٤ƤߤȡWikipediaޤޤݥëȤϡ۶ˤ˸褳ݥëȾΤ̤ˤͤ¼ȤŤ̾ǤäȤȤ񤤤ƤꡢäƤΤϰθƤ̾Τ褦Ǥ


ۺ (NO.103)2


⤦ΤܤȤ¦⤯ȡʴǤ
ƻΤϡܥܤˤʤäƤ뤳Ȥ⡢ܰʾˤäʸۤκƻΤ褦Ǥ͡
ޤ¦ձȾعꡢΤᤫڡФäƤޤ


ۺ (NO.103)3


ơɤϣܤμ̿ȿį᤿ΤǤ
ϡܤˤ狼䤹𳹤Ȥʷϵˤʤꡢܤˤϥ֤Ƥ褬ޤ󤬡ʤ޺䤬Ƥޤ
ʤΤǡܤμ̿Ȥ碌ơΤϡƻǤäȤëˤʤäƤʬȤʤäƤ褦Ǥ


ۺ (NO.103)4


ơ޺ƥƥȡ
Ϥʤʤθ۶Ǥ


ۺ (NO.103)5


ǤäơäȺˤäƤޤ
޸ۤκǤä˷ʿҤ餱ƤȤ櫓ǤϤޤǤ¦ˤϡ褯Ǥߤ뾮ʻƸबꡢΤᤫޤΩɤڡФꡢƻˤȤӤƤޤ
ޤƻŵˡκƻΤȤ򡢣ܤμ̿κ夢ꡢޤز뾮ɤȽ񤤤Ƥꡢ⤷飲ܤμ̿򺸤ؤȲäƤΤǡۺΰʤΤ⤷ޤ󤷡äƤäƻʤΤ⤷ޤ󤬡ϰܤμ̿˺꤬뤳Ȥ⤢ꡢˤä⤤Ƥߤޤ



Ͽ
ۣ

⤦3ȤʤäƤޤޤ16˿㸩۲Ͽ̤äƤޤޤ

СʤƤˤᤤǽФǤ⣳˵äФȤȤǡϰϿ̤ȯϰ褫⤷ʤȤȤƤޤʤȤ狼ʤΤȤפʤ⡢ﳲˤ줿¿餷줫餤ȤؤʤȤȤϤ⤤ޤϴĥäƤȤ¾ϤɤˤʤʤǤ

ȡβƤλ˿夬ȤʤȤΤϡʤ꤭ĤȤȻפޤȥäưʳȡʤϵĤʤɡҳˤϤ꤬򴶤뤳ȤȻפޤΤǡǤ᤯줬ʤФ褤ΤǤ
ơ⤦ҤȤĤȤơϤθȯ뤢餷Ͽ̤ǤﳲȤ碌ơ餤̿᤬ФϤǡʬ­ʬˤľ⤹뤫⤷ʤȤΤȤ餷Ϥʤ깭ˤ錄ꤤﳲľŪǤϤʤˤǤƤޤϿ̤ˤʤäƤޤ⤷ޤ󤬡ФϸˤʤäƤߤʤȤ狼ʤȤǤϤޤɡ

ȤȤǡ¾ͻȤϻפʤȤ⤢ꡢäƤޤäơ⤦櫓ʤǤϤꤳ˵ϿƤ٤Ȼפ񤤤Ƥߤޤ

ǸˤǤϤؤϿ餪񤤿ޤ
ȡϡޤޤǤ٤Ƶʤɤμվ᤯ˤƤߤǡաǤ⤽Υ󥯽ޤΤǡ餫󥯤ĥ餻Ƥޤ

֥ͥ
̿ ˻桪
ϡۣ


󤶤ȸƤ֤Ǥ
ϡ (NO.101) κ夫餹⤤Ƥ顢عԤȤǡ䲼̤ˤĤʤäƤƻǤ


 (NO.102) 1


夢ͻҤǤ
᤯ˤϡեȴۤʤˤˤäꤷޤƻΤϤۤ봶ǡºݤκƻϤ⤦Τۤˤ褦Ǥ
˸Ƥ㿧ηʪˤʤޤ衣


 (NO.102) 2

ȤȤǡ⤦äƤ黣äƤߤޤʡŤǤΤˤߤƤʪΥեɤȤʪˤȤĤƤʻҤȤ롼СߤʤΤϤʤʤäǤ


 (NO.102) 3

⤦Ǥ
ܤ㿧ηʪα˷ʪɤäѤդޤäƤʪƤޤ̤鸫ȤʴǤ
⡢ʤŤʪΤ褦ǡ㿧ηʪƱ͡ޤηʪ٤⤤Ƥ봶ǤϤޤʤˤ椫ΤꡢäƤߤޤ


 (NO.102) 4


ƤƤȤꡢΤۤįƤߤޤ
ߤȡƻθ۶狼䤹⤷ޤ͡


 (NO.102)5


˺ƻ򤯤ȡʴʤǡΤ⤷ޤ󤬡ξɤηʪʳȸŪʤĤΤΤ¿ä褦ʵޤ


 (NO.102) 6


䲼Τۤ򸫤ΤǤ
ʤΤǡμ̿ظ夬̤ȤȤˤʤޤ

ޤκƻˤϡĤΤ褦˺꤬ꡢ
ؤǤϡΰ̣ä줿ΤϸŤϽǯʰϻˤǤ롣󤵤Ȥȯ롣
Ȥޤ
ˤƤ⡢1699ǯȤϤʤȤäˤΤƻȤƻäΤǤ͡



Ͽ
ۣ

֥ͥ
̿ ˻桪
ǶȤꤢڲ (NO.100) (NO.101) ˤޤ줿褦ˤȤäƤ⤤ˤǤƻΤĤǤˡ֤⤤Ƥߤޤ


ͭܵǰ1

ڲ (NO.100) Σܤμ̿ˤΤ夢θؤϤʷʿäƤޤ
礦ɡι㺹ϡڲ (NO.100)ǤС䲼̤ߤƤΤǡ⤽Ʊ褦ˡäȤȤäƤ餤ˤʤäƤޤ
⡢ԿȤϻפʤۤɡŤڡˤޤ줿餷ӤäȤǤ


ͭܵǰ2

˸ΰĤäΤǤκ¦μ̿ڲ (NO.100)ǡ¦ (NO.101) ȤȤˤʤޤ͡
ʤΤǡܤμ̿ϡ䲰礢ȤȤˤʤꡢ礦ڲ (NO.100)¹Ԥ餷Τ⤢ޤ͡


ͭܵǰ3

ʴǡºݤˤߤĤΤǡƤƤ⤯ȡʤʤˡʶͤäƤޤ
ꤹΥֶ侮̤ƤȾߤΥʬʤʤäǤ

ȤȤǡ򤤤֤֤餷ƤߤޤθˤȤ̾Ωϡ˽񤤤 (NO.101)Υڡ˽񤤤ƤޤΤǡޤ񤭤ޤ󤬡¤ϡʳˤ⡢ͥåȤǤĴ٤ƤߤȡȤβߤˤʤޤϡȤȤ¢Ǥͭ̾ȤβߤäȤäȤä⤢뤽Ǥ衣

Ȥϡβս꤫ˤͭܰҿΡʤҤȡ˿ƲޤᤤĤäꡢ⡢Ϥޤ˺ƻդĤܤƤ뤳Ȥ⤢ꡢˤȤϷ򤷤ƤꡢȤ碌Ť¿ڡ˰Ϥޤ줿θϡʤŪʸäǤ



Ͽ
5

֥ͥ
̿ ˻桪
ϡۣ



ʤֺȤ֤Ǥ
ϡͭܵǰ¦ˤꡢڲ (NO.100) ȤϺ䲼ǤĤʤäƤꡢκ䲼ˤƻǤ

 (NO.101) 1


䲼Ǥ¦ͭܵǰΩɤڡŪǡ¦ϥʥʥۥѡޡåȤȤϰ餷󥿡ʥʥʥѡꡢ㤤ʪҤȸؤλοͤǤäͤޤ


 (NO.101) 2


ƻΤܤäƤߤȡФƻؤ褦ʴФäƤޤ


 (NO.101) 3
ɥȴ

ܤμ̿α¦ˤȤߤƤޤʤʤʤĤΥɥȴۤˤޤ


 (NO.101) 4


˺Τܤꡢ䲼ΤۤߤƤߤޤ
ͽ۰ʾ˸ڡɥȴۤؤι⤤ʽΤᤫ٤Ϥޤηʿ⸫ޤޤҤ餱ϤʤäǤ
Ǥ⡢Τ֤ƻΤۤˤä꽸Ǥ봶Ǥ

ʤߤˡˤϡĤΤ褦ʺ꤬ꡢ
ͭܵǰξֺ꤬䤫餦ĤäƤȤβߤǤä̾Ť줿¢ֺˡ
Ȥޤ

ޤƻŵˡšʹߺƻؤꤷ󽽶ǯͭܤθϤȤʤꡢǯˤϹ⾾šȤʤäܲȤιդˤäƾ¶ǯԤز򤵤졢ͭܵǰȾΤ뤳ȤˤʤäɤȤꡢͭܵǰ̾ͳˤĤƤ񤤤Ƥꡢƻ̾ȸ̾ľܤƤǤϤʤˤ̩ܤˤहӤĤƤ뤳Ȥ狼ޤ


 (NO.101) 5


ơޤǤƤߤޤƻΤϤ󤸤ǥ֤ƤΤǤΥȥåפˡɥȴۤηʪ礦ɸƤΤǡʷϵȤϡʤäƤȤä˽𳹤ȤäʷϵˤʤäƤޤ



Ͽ
ۣ

֥ͥ
˻桪
⤷Ȥ˹Ԥ񤬤ޤ衣


Ȥ¤Υץޥ󥷥1

ƤΤȤȤΤͤΤȤäʪǶ¤ζ᤯ˤΤǤΤޤλˤΩ䤷ȤΤ۲Ȥιϻ߷פ䥫ץ륿ӥȤ̾ΤĤޥ󥷥ʤΤǤʤȡػ夫ͧͤǤȤȤǡؤƤƤߤȤ櫓Ǥ


Ȥ¤Υץޥ󥷥2

ʤߤˤϡܤδȴ狼Ȥꡢˤ⤽ʤ󶡤ʪʤΤǤ̿ˤ⸫ƤȤꡢ֥ɥȤȤȤʥ᡼ǡʬʤ餬¤ʬǤ͡ˤʪ濴ˤ륨١ʤ줬ĤǤˤˤäĤ¸ߤƤȤηʪǡ⡢Ƕᡢǰʤޤä餷ʤȤ⤢ꡢʤ˻ͧͤˤꤤơˤؤ餺ȤǤ


Ȥ¤Υץޥ󥷥3

ơꡢ鸫Ƥ̤ƳΤƤߤޤ
äȤǤϡʤȤ⤤ʤǡŤʤȡޤǤФ꤬ȿͤƸƤޤΤǡऺȤǤϤޤ衣
ʤʤߤ˼ͻҤϡ˸ߤʤᡢޤǤĤϤμ⤢ޤ˥ץʤʤʤ̣Ǥ衣


Ȥ¤Υץޥ󥷥4

äʤΤǡ뤫鸫ʤʤɡ
礦ɹ®ƻϩǸƤޤ


Ȥ¤Υץޥ󥷥5

ơ٤ϡ⤦įƤߤȡ̤ˡˤΥ֥ǤȤꤢα̥ӥ⸫Ƥޤ衣
Ƥ餿ƤޤǤߤȡ礭ӥǤ͡
ʤǤξ꤬狼ä⤷ޤ󤬡
Ǥ⡢ϤޤäƤޤä顢ʴǤߤʤ⤷ʤΤǡʤʤŤθǤǤ


Ȥ¤Υץޥ󥷥6

Ǹˤޤ꤬뤯ϤʤäƤޤʤǤäȴ٤褹뤤Ǥˤ顢ȤʤäˤߤΤǡ绣äƤߤޤ
ʤߤˡηʪϡ1972ǯˤǤ餷Ǥˤϼ̿Ǹ¤ϤޤƱ褦ʹ⤵Υӥ⤢ޤʤä褦Ǥ͡μޤͻҡηʪˤޤĤäۥޥåȤȤˤޤ衣

ȤȤǡˤޤǤϡ¤ϤɼʷʪȤǸƤäΤǤˤƤߤƤθƤ餤߷פηʪǶ¤˶ᤤȤΤˤ⤫餺˳ʤȤäƤۤɤβ¤ΰ¤䡢ˤΥޥ󥷥ǯҤȤĤʬǯȤȤ狼ǯᤤȤ⤢äƤʤƶᴶ襤ƤǤ

֥ͥ
ʬˤȤäƤڤʤȡ ˻桪
äȡƻ꡼100ˤʤޤ衣

ޤǤˤȤꤢϰǤ⡢ϤǤλʹȤʾСˡˤ仲ͤˤ줵ƤʤäȤ顢̤λˤϤ뤱ɻͤˤˤϤʤäʤɤǡޤޤ夲Ƥʤ⤢ä⤷ޤΤϡ줫ܤܤȡˬƤ­ĤĤ⡢˿ϰκƻˤĤƤ夲ƤʤȤʤȤͤƤޤ

Ȥ碌ơޤǤΤ褦ˡƻȤȤˡμդΤȤˤⵤ򤯤ФĤġϿƤФȹͤƤꤷޤȤȺƻ̾Ĥ褦ƻϡʤˤʤˤäƤĤ줿ΤǤǽ⤤Τǡ줬ɤ餭Ƥ뤫ʤȤʤʤ黶⤷Ƥߤ褦ȤϻפäƤꤷޤ

Ǥ⡢ޤΥ֥Ϥ᤿Ϥäȵڤˤ֤֤餷ƤʤΤǤƻޤäƤȡȹͤƤʬ⤢äꤷơǶϤڤʴȴ̣ʤΤ䵤ʤȤǤʴˡʤȤäơκƻ̤ơΤʤˤƤФϤǡΥ֥äƤƤ褫äȤʤȤ뤫⤷ޤΤǡˤͤΤʤƻޤޤΤǡ줫ƻ³ȤäǤ͡

ȤȤǡ줫褫ä餪դ礤͡

ΥڡΥȥåץ