Donald Trump(アメリカ大統領)

“My fellow Americans.  On Tuesday Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad launched a horrible chemical weapons attack on 1. innocent civilians.  Using a deadly nerve agent Assad choked out the lives of helpless 2. men, women, and children.  It was a slow and brutal 3. death for so many.  Even beautiful babies were cruelly murdered in this very barbaric attack.  No child of God 4. should ever suffer such horror.  Tonight I ordered a targeted military strike on the air field in Syria 5. from where the chemical attack was launched.”


Andrei Beketov(ユーロニュース記者)

“It’s very motive subject and the President Trump was 6. probably moved by pictures of, you know, poisoned children and women.  Do you understand this motive, and would Russia 7. do the same if it had means?”


Vladimir Chizhov(駐EUロシア大使)

“It is the 8. duty of every leader to take decisions not based on personal 9. emotions but rather on hard facts.  And unfortunately this decision on air strikes was taken by Washington, eh, 10. without hard facts in hand.”


??????? (アフリカニュースネットワーク記者)

“Mr. President, did you 11. give an order to strike Khan Sheikhun with chemical weapon last Tuesday?”


Bashar al-Assad(シリア大統領)

“There was no order to make any attack.  We don’t have any chemical weapons.  We gave up all arsenals three years ago.  Even if we have them, 12. we wouldn’t use them.  And we have never used our chemical arsenal 13. in our history.”



Trinity: This is it.  Let me give you one piece of advice.  Be honest.  He knows more than you can imagine.
Morpheus: At last.  Welcome, Neo.  As you no doubt have guessed, I am Morpheus.

Neo: It's an honor to meet you.
Morpheus: No, the honor is mine.  Please, come, sit.  I imagine that right now you're feeling a bit like Alice, tumbling down the rabbit hole?  Hm?
Neo: You could say that.
Morpheus: I can see it in your eyes.  You have the look of a man who accepts what he sees because he is expecting to wake up.  Ironically, this is not far from the truth.  Do you believe in fate, Neo?
Neo: No.
Morpheus: Why not?
Neo: Because I don't like the idea that I'm not in control of my life.
Morpheus: I know exactly what you mean.  Let me tell you why you're here.  You're here because you know something.  What you know you can't explain.  But you feel it.  You've felt it your entire life, that there's something wrong with the world.  You don't know what it is but it's there, like a splinter in your mind driving you mad.  It is this feeling that has brought you to me.  Do you know what I'm talking about?
Neo: The Matrix?
Morpheus: Do you want to know what it is?  

12月5日(土)11時45分より高3-4教室にてBowling for Columbineの上映会を行います。銃社会アメリカの現実を描くマイケル・ムーア監督渾身のドキュメンタリー問題作。ぜひ参加して下さい。


Protester:  Some will be so brash to ask if we believe that all who hear Manson tomorrow night will go out and commit violent acts.  The answer is "no."  But does everybody who watches a Lexus ad go and buy a Lexus?  No.  But a few do.

Manson:  I definitely can see why they would pick me, because I think it's easy to throw my face on a TV, because I'm, in the end, sort of a poster boy for fear.  Because I represent what everyone's afraid of, because I do and say what I want.

Protester:  If Marilyn Manson can walk into our town and promote hate, violence, suicide, death, drug use and Columbine-like behaviour, I can say, "Not without a fight, you can't."

Manson:  The two by-products of that whole tragedy were, uh... violence in entertainment and gun control.  And how perfect that that was the two things that we were gonna talk about with the upcoming election.  And also, then we forgot about Monica Lewinsky and we forgot about... The president was shooting bombs overseas, yet I'm a bad guy because I sing some rock'n'roll songs.  And who's a bigger influence, the president or Marilyn Manson?  I'd like to think me, but I'm gonna go with the president.

Moore:  Do you know the day that Columbine happened, the United States dropped more bombs on Kosovo than any other time during that war?

Manson:  I do know that and I think that's really ironic, you know that, that nobody said, "Well, maybe the president had an influence on this violent behaviour.  Because that's not the way the media wants to take it and spin it and turn it into fear.  'Cause then you're watching television, you're watching the news; you're being pumped full of fear.  And there's floods, there's AIDS, there's murder.  You cut to commercial, buy the Acura, buy the Colgate.  If you have bad breath, they're not gonna talk to you.  If you got pimples, the girl's not gonna fuck you.  And it’s just this… it's a campaign of fear and consumption.  And that's what I think that's it's all based on, is the whole idea that: keep everyone afraid, and they'll consume.  And that's, that’s, really as simple as it can be boiled down to.

Moore:  Right.  If you were to talk directly to the kids at Columbine and the people in that community, what would you say to them, if they here right now?

Manson:  I wouldn't say a single word to them.  I would listen to what they have to say.  And that's what no one did.

Moore:  Yes, our children were indeed something to fear.  They had turned into little monsters.  But who was to blame?  All the experts had an answer.  “Angry, heavy-metal subculture.”  “Where were the parents?”  “Violent movies.”  “South Park.”  “Video games.”  “Television.”  “Entertainment.”  “Satan.”  “Cartoons.”  “Films.”  “Society.”  “Toy guns.”  “Drugs.”  “Shock-rocker Marilyn Manson.”  “Marilyn Manson.”  “Marilyn Manson.”  “Marilyn Manson.”  “Marilyn Manson.”

Reporter:  Marilyn Manson has cancelled the last five dates of his U.S, tour out of respect for those lost in Littleton.  But the singer says artists like himself are not the ones to blame.

Official:  This is perhaps the sickest group ever promoted by a mainstream record company.

Manson:  I'm not a slave to a god that doesn't exist.

Moore:  After Columbine, it seemed that the entire focus on why the shootings occurred was because the killers listened to Marilyn Manson.  Two years after Columbine, Manson finally returned to Denver.

Reporter:  The Oz Fest at Mile High Stadium brings shock-rocker Marilyn Manson to Denver tomorrow.

Moore:  There were protests from the religious right.  But I thought I'd go and talk with him myself.

Manson:  When I was a kid growing up, music was the escape.  That's the only thing that had no judgements.  You know, you put on a record and it's not gonna yell at you for dressing the way you do.  It's gonna make you feel better about it.

Moore:  Uh-huh.

A Canadian:  If guns were... If, if more guns made people safer, then America would be one of the safest countries in the world.  It isn't.  It's the opposite.

Moore:  How many people are killed by guns each year?  In Germany, 381.  In France, 255.  In Canada, 165.  In the United Kingdom, 68.  In Australia, 65.  In Japan, 39.  In the United States, 11127.

Professor Glassner:  My favorite statistic in all the research I did discovered that the murder rate had gone down by 20 %.  The coverage, that is how many murders are on the T… on the evening news, it went up by 600 %.

Prosecutor Bush:  The American people are conditioned by network TV, by local news, to believe that their communities are much more dangerous than they actually are.  For example, here, in this community, crime has decreased every year for the past eight years.  Yet, gun ownership, particularly handgun ownership, is on the increase.

Professor Glassner:  Crime rates have been dropping, dropping, dropping.  Fear of crime has been going up, up, up.  How can that be possible?  It doesn't make any sense.  And yet that makes perfect sense when you see what we're hearing from politicians and seeing in the news media.

Moore:  Back in my hometown of Flint, Michigan, a six-year-old first-grade boy, at Buell Elementary, had found a gun at his uncle's house, where he was staying because his mother was being evicted.  He brought the gun to school and shot another first-grader, six-year-old Kayla Rolland.  With one bullet that passed through her body, she fell to the floor and laid there dying while her teacher called 911 for help.  No one knew why the little boy wanted to shoot the little girl.  As if the city had not been through enough horror and tragedy in the past two decades, it was now home to a new record: the youngest school shooting ever in the United States.  On the morning of the shooting, it only took the news helicopters and satellite trucks a half-hour to show up on the scene.

Moore:  Not far from where Charlton Heston and I grew up is a training ground for the Michigan Militia.  The Michigan Militia became known around the world when, on April 19th, 1995, two guys living in Michigan who had attended Militia meetings, Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, blew up the federal building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people.  The Michigan Militia wanted everyone to know that they were nothing like McVeigh and Nichols.

Michigan Militia Man:  This is an American tradition.  It's an American responsibility to be armed.  If you're not armed, you're not responsible.  Who's gonna defend your kids, the cops?  The federal government?  No, none of them.  It's your job to defend you and yours.  If you don't do it, you're in dereliction of duty, as an American.  Period.

Michigan Militia Woman:  I've had guns, um...pretty much since I was old enough to...to have them.  And I learned how to use them, um...You're silly!  Uh, because being a female, number one, I felt it was important to be able to protect myself with the best means possible.  And one of those means is having a gun.  When a criminal breaks into your house, who's the first person you're gonna call?  Most people will call the police because they have guns.  Cut off the middleman.  Take care of your own family yourself.  If you're not going to protect your family, who is?

James Nichols:  I use the pen.  'Cause the pen is mightier than the sword.  But you always must keep a sword handy, for when the pen fails.  I sleep with a .44 Magnum under my pillow.

Moore:  Come on.  That's what everyone says.  Is that true?

Nichols:  It's true.

Moore:  If we were to go…

Nichols:  The whole world knows that.

Moore:  If we were to go look under your pillow right now, would we see a .44 Magnum?

Nichols:  Yeah.

Moore:  Honestly?  Would you take us and show us?  Right now?  He took me into his bedroom, but told the cameraman to stay out.  Sure enough, there was a .44 Magnum under his pillow.  There it is.  Okay.  Is it loaded?

Nichols:  Aye-yay-yay.  No one has the right to tell me that I can't have it.  That is protected on our constitution.

Heston:  I have only five words for you: From my cold, dead hands.

Moore:  Just ten days after the Columbine killings, despite the pleas of a community in mourning, Charlton Heston came to Denver and held a large pro-gun rally for the National Rifle Association.

Heston:  Good morning.  Thank you all for coming and thank you for supporting your organization.  I also want to applaud your courage in coming here today.  I have a message from the mayor, Mr. Wellington Webb, the mayor of Denver.  He sent me this, and it says, "Don't come here.  We don't want you here."  I said to the mayor, "This is our country.  As Americans we're free to travel wherever we want in our broad land."  Don't come here?  We're already here.

Daniel’s father:  I am here today, because my son Daniel would want me to be here today.  If my son Daniel was not one of the victims, he would be here with me today.  Something is wrong in this country.  When a child can grab a guns, grab a gun so easily, and shoot a bullet into the middle of a child's face, as my son experienced, something is wrong.  But the time has come to come to understand that a Tech9 semi-automatic 30-bullet weapon like that that killed my son, is not used to kill deer.  It has no useful purpose.  It is time to address this problem.

Heston:  We have work to do, hearts to heal, evil to defeat and a country to unite.  We may have differences, yes, and we will again suffer tragedy almost beyond description.  But when the sun sets on Denver tonight, and forever more, let it always set on we the people, secure in our land of the free and home of the brave.  I, for one, plan to do my part.  Thank you.

Dispatcher:  Jefferson County 911.

Teacher:  Yes, I'm a teacher at Columbine High School.  There is a student here with a gun.  He just shot out a window.

Dispatcher:  Okay, has anybody been injured, ma’am?

Teacher:  I don’t… Yes!

Dispatcher:  Okay.

Teacher:   Yes.  And the school is in a panic, and I'm in the library.  I've got students down.  Under the tables, kids!  Heads under the table!  I saw a student outside!  I was on hall duty…oh dear God.  Okay, I was on hall duty, I saw a gun!  I said, "What's going on out there?!"  He turned the gun straight at us and he shot, and my God, the window went out.  And the kid standing there with me, I think he got hit.

Dispatcher:  We've got help on the way, ma'am.

Teacher:  Okay.

Dispatcher:  Okay?

Teacher:  Oh God!

Dispatcher:  Stay on line with me.

Teacher:  Oh God!

Moore:  When the shooting was over, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold had killed twelve students and one teacher.  Dozens of others were wounded by the over 900 rounds of ammo that were fired.  It is believed that the guns that they used were all legally purchased at stores and gun shows.  And many of the bullets were bought at the Littleton K-Mart just down the street.

Reporter:  Harris's diary also detailed ideas about hijacking an airplane and crashing it into New York City.  Some may characterize that as fantasy...

Moore:  In the end, they turned the guns on themselves.

Girl A:  And then he came into the library, shot everybody around me, then put a gun to my head and asked if we all wanted to die and...

Girl B:  We started hearing shots in the hall, and then they came in and they all told us to get under the desk and we all got under the desk and then they started coming in the library and opening fire...

Girl A:  I just started screaming and crying and telling them not to shoot me.  And so he shot the girl, he shot her in the head in front of me.  Then he shot the black kid, because he was black.

Fennell:  I, I think that the couple of things, Columbine did a couple of things.  One is that it changed, it changed how we talk.  That's the first thing.  Because…

Moore:  How's that?

Fennell:  Well, for instance, if I say "Columbine," everybody knows what it means.  I don't have to explain to you that Columbine..., er…

Moore:  Is a what?  What's wrong?

Fennell:  Nothing’s wrong, just...

Moore:  What's wrong?

Fennell:  I... I just... sometimes Columbine bothers me.  I'll be fine.  Just a minute.

Moore:  That's okay, that's okay.

Fennell:  Um...  There... there's something, something overwhelming about that kind of... viciousness, that kind of predatory action, that kind of indiscriminate, uh, killing.

(April 20, 1999)

(Largest one day bombing by U.S. in Kosovo War)

Reporter:  Twenty-two NATO missiles fell on the village of Bogutovac near Kraljevo.  Deadly cargo was dropped upon the residential part of the village.

President Clinton:  We're striking hard at Serbia's machinery of repression, while making a deliberate effort to minimize harm to innocent people.

Reporter:  On the hit list were a local hospital and primary school.

(One Hour Later)

President Clinton:  We all know there has been a terrible shooting at a high school in Littleton, Colorado.  I hope the American people will be praying for the students, the parents and the teachers.  And, er, we'll wait for events to unfold and then there'll be more to say.

中間試験の範囲は2006センターの問20~25、2007東大Part A~C、2002年東大Part A~Cです。全てこのサイトに音声とスクリプトが載っているので、よく聴いて勉強しておいて下さい。

Belle : What a nice souvenir shop!  Now, who do we need presents for?

Phil : Well, there's Bobby, of course.

Belle : Right.  How about a toy ram?  Isn't that one cute?  The one with the ribbon.

Phil : That's a great idea.  Let's get him a ram.

Belle : Now, what about Susan?  She really wants a copy of that new bestseller Aging Emperors.  Say, here's one in paperback.

Phil : Aging Emperors?  She's been trying to get that book for weeks!  Now, what about man's best friend?

Belle : You mean Rex?  You want to get a present for the dog?

Phil : Certainly.

Belle : Well, how about a ball?  These are just plastic, but I think he'd like one.

Phil : A ball.  Yeah.  And it's light.  We have to think about carrying all this stuff.

Belle : Now, what about a souvenir for ourselves?  Here's something they could send, and we wouldn't have to carry anything.  Look.  It says free sipping.

Phil :  A case of the local wine.  And free sipping? Let's go for it.  I can't believe we're going to get something free.  This whole tour has been really expensive.

Belle : Oh well, you only live once, as the saying goes.

Guide : Hello everyone, my name's Douglas and I'm going to be your guide for this morning's tour of the castle.  I hope you'll find the tour really interesting, and I’ll be happy to try to answer any questions you may have.  Our tour begins here at the main gate.  The castle is surrounded on three sides by the winding River Brent, so the castle's strongest defenses were needed here, facing west.  These walls are over four meters thick, and they've saved the castle on many occasions.  Do you know, in all its  seven-hundred-year history, the castle has only been captured once?

Phil : May I ask a question?

Guide : Certainly sir, but why don't you tell us your name first, and where you're from?
Phil : Oh, I'm Phil.  I'm from New York.  I was just wondering how the castle was captured that one time.

Guide : As a matter of fact, the attacking army dug a tunnel right under the river, and broke into the castle in the middle of the night.

Phil : Wow!  Is the tunnel still there?

Guide : Yes it is, and you'll see part of it later in the tour.  As you can see, we're now passing the guard-house, and on your left you can see the well, which provided water in times of attack.  Still drinkable today.  Our route takes us to the right here, however, and through this little gate into the famous Rose Garden.  Legend has it that this where little Princess Isabella spent the lonely weeks and months waiting for news of her father the King.  I think you'll agree that, on a fine summer's day like today, the sight and the fragrance of so many roses can be quite impressive.  At the far end of the Rose Garden, you can see the new chapel.  Well, we call it new.  The old part of the castle was begun in 1379, but the original chapel was destroyed by fire a little over two centuries later.  The new chapel dates from 1609.  I think you can see from the superior quality of the stone and the wider windows that it belongs to a quite different period.  When those windows catch the afternoon sun, it’s really golden and magical in there.  The chapel also contains a number of historically important paintings, including a beautiful view of the castle as it was seen in 1713.

Belle : Say, what's that tower over there?

Guide : The tower?

Belle : Yes, it gives me the creeps.

Guide : How strange!  That's the Grey Lady Tower.  But before I tell you the story,  can I ask you your name?

Belle : I'm Belle.

Guide : Thank you, Belle.  That tower is said to be haunted by the angry ghost of a lady dressed all in grey.  It seems that when Princess Isabella died…

Belle : Haunted?  Oh, don't tell me anymore.  I hate that kind of thing.

Phil : Well, I'd like to hear it.  I think ghosts are fascinating.  My brother saw one in  the subway, you know.

Guide : A tragic story.  But if some members of the tour might find it upsetting, perhaps I'd better save it for later.  You can find out more in the Visitors' center and Souvenir Shop just over here.

Clerk : Good morning.

Phil : Good morning.  We'd like to make a tour reservation.

Clerk: Yes, sir.  Which tour did you have in mind?

Phil : The Pageant Tour of Brent Castle.

Clerk : The Pageant Tour of Brent Castle?  Excuse me sir, but how did you hear of that tour?

Belle : Well, a friend gave us a pamphlet.  Here it is.  See.  “Discover the romance of the age of chivalry on the Pageant Tout of Brent Castle.”  We're especially interested in, the changing of the guard and the Shakespeare performances in the Grand Hall.

Phil : Yes, and I'd like to see the famous Chichester geese at the Isabella Pond.  I'm  something of a bird-watcher.

Clerk : I'm sorry to say that the pamphlet you have is somewhat out of date.  The Pageant Tour hasn't been available for the past two years.

Phil : You mean we can't see the castle anymore?

Clerk : Oh no.  There's still the regular Brent Castle Tour.

Belle : What does the regular tour feature?

Clerk : The towers, the Rose Garden, and several of the rooms preserved in their original state.

Phil : No changing of the guard?

Clerk : The guards were getting old, and they couldn't find anyone to replace them.  Young people these days don't like the discipline, to say nothing of the uniforms.

Belle : Shakespeare performances?

Clerk : Instead, there's an Evening of Scottish Dancing in the Grand Hall you might enjoy.

Phil : I’ll pass that up.  Surely we can see the Chichester geese, can’t we?

Clerk : Sorry, but a fox got to them two years ago.

Phil : All of them were killed?

Clerk : No, but the few remaining ones are kept away from the public.  You can still see the Isabella Pond, however.

Phil : The poor geese!

Clerk : But you're in luck.  Once a month, there's a special medieval meal offered in the castle's banquet room.  Today's that special day.

Belle : Oh, good!  Let's try it, Phil.

Phil : All right.  If you really want to.  I just hope they aren't serving geese for supper.

Joe : Professor Shelby, I have a question.

Shelby : Go ahead, Joe ....

Joe : You mentioned the attitude of earlier anthropologists that these beliefs are just wrong, a primitive superstition.

Shelby : Yes.

Joe : Well, my question is: weren't those early anthropologists right? Surely, none of us believe in magic, do we?

Shelby : That's a good question. What do the rest of you think about that?

Rumiko : I think a lot of people do believe in magic. How many people think its bad luck to break a mirror? How many people go to fortune-tellers for advice about the future? I have a Scottish friend who carries a rabbit's foot around with him everywhere he goes  ....

Joe : That's not the same, Rumiko. People who do those things just do it as a joke.

Rumiko : I don't agree. Some people are pretty serious about these things.

Joe : A small minority, maybe. But it's not widespread, is it? It's not the basis of our society.

Shelby : Well, for the sake of argument, suppose we agree with Joe that the Azande beliefs of that time were mistaken. What follows from that?

Joe : It shows that their whole way of life was totally different from ours.

Rumiko : So you think we have nothing to learn from them?

Joe : Well, do you want us to start poisoning chickens?

Shelby : Our job is to understand how other societies work  or worked at a particular time. We might adopt some idea from a given culture, or we might not. But our first task is to understand what the idea really is. Joe, do you think that if their beliefs are wrong, they're not worth studying?

Joe : Well, they'd be more interesting if they were right, wouldn't they?

Rumiko : Not at all. It's more interesting to see how their beliefs can make sense to them, even if they are wrong.

Shelby : Don, you have a question ... .

Don : Yes. Surely we can study the same thing for very different reasons. Joe thinks we should study something to improve our own way of doing things. Rumiko wants to understand the way they think. Professor Shelby wants to explain what holds their society together and makes it work. Why can't we say that these are all good reasons?

Shelby : That's an interesting point, Don.

Don : And I have a related question about this.

Shelby : Go ahead ....

Don : I'm curious about Evans-Pritchard himself. What was his motive for studying the Azande?

Shelby : Well, motives are often complicated. Also his attitude changed over time. In the 1930s, he seems to have seen himself as a scientist, objectively collecting solid facts.  By the 1950s, however, he decided that anthropology is not a science, but a matter of translating between two very different ways of thinking.

Don : Did Evans-Pritchard think of his work as pure research—knowledge for its own sake—or did he think it would have some useful practical result?

Shelby : It’s hard to be sure, but it’s not impossible that he hoped for some concrete benefits in the real world.

Don : I see, thank you.

Shelby : Well, time’s up, I’m afraid. Thanks for your questions. Next week we’ll be looking at African concepts of the family.