#判例ネタ、実務ネタ

前回(【022】)、三倍賠償の話を事案を見たが、先週(2016年6月13日)、三倍賠償に関して米国で最高裁判決がでたようだ。
これに関しては、判決後二日後には矢部先生がホームページにコメントをアップしている。早い(脱帽)。

284条の発動は一般的な侵害行為を超えた甚だしい侵害行為に対して発動をするという制限が課せられる。

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US6022329
US6179807
US7144383


◆米国特許法

Upon finding for the claimant the court shall award the claimant damages adequate to compensate for the infringement but in no event less than a reasonable royalty for the use made of the invention by the infringer, together with interest and costs as fixed by the court.

When the damages are not found by a jury, the court shall assess them. In either event the court may increase the damages up to three times the amount found or assessed. Increased damages under this paragraph shall not apply to provisional rights under section 154(d) .

The court may receive expert testimony as an aid to the determination of damages or of what royalty would be reasonable under the circumstances.

(Amended Nov. 29, 1999, Public Law 106-113, sec. 1000(a)(9), 113 Stat. 1501A-566 (S. 1948 sec. 4507(9)); amended Sept. 16, 2011, Public Law 112-29, sec. 20(j) (effective Sept. 16, 2012), 125 Stat. 284.)

和訳 284条
第284条 損害賠償
原告に有利な評決が下されたときは、裁判所は、原告に対し、侵害を補償するのに十分な損害賠償を裁定するものとするが、当該賠償は如何なる場合も、侵害者が行なった発明の使用に対する合理的ロイヤルティに裁判所が定める利息及び費用を加えたもの以下であってはならない。
損害賠償額について陪審による評決が行なわれなかった場合は、裁判所がそれを査定しなければならない。何れの場合も、裁判所は、損害賠償額を、評決又は査定された額の3倍まで増額することができる。本段落に基づいて増額された損害賠償は、第154条(d)に基づく仮の権利には適用されない。
裁判所は、該当する状況下での損害賠償額又は適正なロイヤルティを決定するための補助として、鑑定人の証言の証言を聴取することができる。


(追記)


●US6022329 (A) 
・STRYKER CORP
・USにのみ出願

1.
 A pulsed irrigation surgical handpiece, comprising: 
 a hollow housing comprising a handle; 
 an elongate trigger extending along the front part of the handle; 
 an irrigation liquid tube extending within said handle from the bottom of said handle along the front part of said handle to the top of said handle; 
 an electric motor spaced between the top and bottom of said handle and located in the rear portion of said handle behind said irrigation tube; 
 a pump comprising an axially expandable and contractible bellows driven by said electric motor and connected to said irrigation liquid tube for pumping irrigation liquid for delivery to a surgical site,
  said motor having top and bottom ends and a rotatable shaft extending longitudinally from said top end toward the top of said handle,
  said motor bottom end being spaced above the bottom of said housing,
 a first electrical connector extending from the bottom end of said motor toward said housing bottom,
  said electrical connector being for connection to an electric battery,
 a portion of said trigger lying adjacent said motor and being responsive to movement of said trigger for effecting an electrical connection from said motor to an electric battery for electrically energizing said motor.