Do not purchase CBD processing equipment without first reading this article
Frequently Asked Questions
1) What space or facilities are required to operate the machine safely?
It is important to consider the space and facility requirements for CBD processing equipment. Having the proper infrastructure and systems in place is critical to providing a quality product.
According to Precision Extraction Solutions, the typical size of a safe space or facility to run CBD processing and extraction equipment is 2,000 square feet.
2) Can I operate the machine from home?
There are local rules and regulations regarding the operation of CBD extractors at home, and what is or is not allowed varies by location.
The process of applying for a permit from your local municipality is usually simple. Applicants are encouraged to be well informed and prepared for any issues that may arise, and to consider hiring an experienced local attorney to help facilitate the permitting process.
It is also important to ensure that the home complies with local zoning regulations .
3) Does the machine need a permit to operate?
Different states have different mining laws, permitting procedures and regulations. Based on manufacturer and industry guidelines, research is essential to determine which municipalities may issue permits to operate.
Permits depend on the type of operation, not the type of machine owned. More specifically, if a business focuses on growing cannabis, a different license will be required, and if it focuses on extraction, another license will be required.
4) What is the production rate of the machine?
Extraction rate is the percentage of the final product obtained from a specific amount of cannabis used in the extraction process. The higher the extraction rate, the higher the utilization of the cannabis.
The amount of cannabis plant material needed to produce a specific amount of CBD oil varies depending on the extraction method used. The yields for different extraction methods are as follows.
CO2 extraction: 4 - 7%.
Propane/butane extraction: 15%.
Ethanol extraction: 10 - 15%.
Ice water extraction: 5 - 7%.
Water vapor extraction: 5 - 7%.
The processing time for cannabis material varies depending on the extraction method used.
CO2 extraction: 200 g/min (230 ml/min).
Propane/Butane extraction: 4,500 grams of biomass per 90 minutes.
Ethanol extraction: 80 lbs. per hour.
Ice water extraction: 20 - 60 osc/min.
Water vapor extraction: 20 - 60 osc/min.
5) What are the shipping costs and time for transporting the equipment?
Based on an analysis of five different extractor manufacturers (LabX, MedXtractor, Apeks Supercritical, Precision Extraction Solution, and Pilottech), no free shipping or fast shipping is mentioned as part of the machines listed.
Shipping cost ranges depend on the manufacturer/seller and not the type of extraction.
Companies do not list their shipping cost ranges online, potential buyers need to ask for a quote.
6) Does the machine need to be assembled?
Industrial machines come as modular plugs and are partially assembled. Most companies offer assembly services in their extractor packages.
AE Hodsdon Engineers' line of CO2 extractors is fully assembled. However, their recent work for HempAmericana saw the machines customized and delivered in pieces, then assembled at the factory.
B V Thermal System noted that their machines were fully assembled.
CapnaSystems' Ethos and EthosX machines are fully assembled.
Precisions Extraction offers the Precision KPD series in pieces.
The C-40 Centrifuge Extractor is partially assembled.
7) What cleaning and maintenance is required for CBD extractors?
All extraction machines need to be cleaned between runs or on a weekly basis. The frequency of cleaning depends on the production volume of each machine.
The machines are equipped with cleaning instructions as part of the instruction manual and the process usually includes cleaning the following components: extractor and separator vessels, solvent supply tanks, lines and connections, thermostats/coolers and compressor pumps.
The oil level and operating oil pressure of the extractor should be checked and recorded weekly.
We are not aware of any previously listed machines or manufacturers that provide cleaning supplies with their machines.
Most maintenance can be performed by the owner. As part of the training provided by the manufacturers who have introduced the compounders, maintenance procedures are taught by the manufacturer.
8) How long has the company been in business?
According to Precision Extraction, buying from an established company keeps the owner safe and doesn't cost more money in further maintenance and potential problem fixes.
Typical costs to set up an extraction facility range from $400,000 to $800,000, and with such large set-up costs, an established company can provide better overall service, including training and assembly.
9) Where is the manufacturer located?
Location is important because shipping heavy machinery and large parts internationally can be expensive.
In addition, having a U.S.-based manufacturer allows the owner to contact them in case of an emergency or to provide additional professional services.
Questions to ask
1) Which CBD extraction process should I use?
This decision depends heavily on the end product. The following are examples of CBD products that can help determine the preferred extraction method.
CBD extract is an oily substance that ranges from a dark black paste to a honey color and consistency.
CBD isolate is a crystalline substance that comes in either slab or white powder form, and contains 99%+ potency of monocannabinoid compounds.
Cannabidiol is a substance used in beauty products including moisturizing gels/creams/lotions, masks, serums, cleansers, toners, body washes, soaps, beard oils, shampoos/conditioners, and lip balms.
CBD capsules are pill forms of CBD extracts that can be used as supplements.
CBD concentrate is a highly potent extract of the cannabis plant that contains high levels of cannabidiol.
CBD oil is an oil-containing form of CBD that is consumed under the tongue by placing it under the tongue.
CBD e-cigarette oil is the liquid component that is heated, turned into vapor, and inhaled during e-cigarette use.
Water-soluble cannabis extract powder is a product that allows consumers to mix CBD into almost anything.
Extractable or inhalable CBD products
The three most common methods for consumable or inhalable CBD products are solvent extraction, olive oil extraction, and CO2 extraction.
Solvent extraction includes the extraction of CBD using ethanol, butane, propane, isopropyl or alcohol, which is considered one of the cheapest options and one of the fastest extraction methods.
Olive oil extraction is the oldest method of CBD extraction. The process involves decarboxylating (heating) the plant material to the desired temperature for a specific period of time in order to activate the chemicals in the plant.
CBD companies have recently started to use the CO2 method for CBD extraction because it is the most advanced but also the most recommended method to complete the extraction. It is a huge investment, involving complex procedures, but allows the creation of an effective, safe and chlorophyll-free extract.
Extraction of creams or other uses.
A combination of CO2 and solvent extraction is recommended to extract waxes and oils for creams or other applications.
2) Does this machine require specialized knowledge?
The level of expertise required depends on the extraction method of