獨樂獨歩

英単語力増強の為、英文を読み初出単語を覚えるように駄洒落や英作文で定着を目指すものです。

主に英単語力増強を目指しています。英字新聞記事や雑誌、最近では英語の漫画も見て 思うところを書いています。一部和訳、英作文に挑戦しています。

乳癌と膵癌から肺転移した女性の切除例のabstract(岡山大学)を読んでみた。

Daisuke Okutani, Akio Andou, Ryohei Higashi

Department of Thoracic Surgery, NHO Okayama Medical Center, Okayama, Japan

Surgical resection of solitary pulmonary(1) metastases from both breast pancreatic and cancer in a single patient is very rare, and has not been reported so far. The patient was a 75-year-old female with a surgical history of breast cancer at 65 and pancreatic cancer at 69 respectively. At age 73, chest computed tomography (CT) confirmed two nodules measuring about 10 mm in diameter in the left lung: one was in the S4 segment, the other in the S8 segment. These nodules were removed by partial pulmonary resection under video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and were pathologically proven to be metastases from pancreatic cancer. At age75, chest CT showed a well-marginated(2) nodule measuring 12 mm in diameter in the right S5 segment. Right middle lobectomy under VATS was performed, and pathological examination of the surgical specimen showed metastasis from breast cancer.
(1) pulmonary = 肺 の, 肺性 の【類義語】lung, pneumo-
(2) marginate = 縁へ移動するmarginated eczema

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某国A首相が 国会で野党の質問に対して「印象操作」だと口角泡を飛ばして答えているのを見ると何か 物悲しい。某国A首相の説明は 論理を欠き よくわけの分からない言葉で 雰囲気を醸し出すことで押し切っている。なんだかなあと思っているのだが、米国マスメディアでも同様のことがあるらしい...。

Scott Adams Posted March 22nd, 2017 @ 12:44pm

Last autumn, before the election, a writer for Bloomberg asked to spend a day with me to interview me for a feature piece about my blogging on Trump, and my life in general. I could tell from the initial conversation that it was going to be a hostile article. The reporter was open about being deeply frightened of Trump, believing him to be a racist, sexist, homophobic monster. So you can imagine how she felt about me for writing flattering blog posts about his persuasion talents.

I quickly determined that agreeing to the interview would be foolhardy(1). Obviously it was going to be a hit piece. The writer weakly tried to conceal that fact, but failed miserably.
(1) foolhardy = Recklessly bold or rash. ‘it would be foolhardy to go into the scheme without support’. /ˈfuːlhɑːdi/
向う見ずな 無鉄砲な 無謀な

If I agreed to the interview, I knew I would be making myself the target of ridicule and shame, baring(2) my flaws to the world – both the real ones and the fake news ones. No rational person would agree to such an interview. It was a suicide mission.
(2) bare = Uncover (a part of the body or other thing) and expose it to view. ‘he bared his chest to show his scar’
剥き出しにする 露わにする

So I agreed to the interview.

Regular readers know I don’t experience embarrassment like normal people. I just thought it would be funny to have them write about how wrong I was… just as the election was about to prove how right I was.

The day I agreed to the interview, I told my girlfriend Kristina that I was going to be the subject of a “hit piece” (3) in Bloomberg. When the writer asked to speak to my brother, for background, I told him it was a hit piece, but I invited him to do it anyway, just for fun. Obviously, no sane person would agree to be interviewed for hit piece on his own family.
(3) hit piece = an attempt to turn public opinion against someone/something through the appearance of objective reporting or editorializing.
The politician was furious after reading the newspaper's hit piece on him right before the election.

So my brother agreed to the interview.

We’ll have a good laugh about it later today. He got framed as a gullible idiot for “believing” something my mom told us when we were kids.

Check the article here and see if you can spot the fake news and the places where context has been tweaked to make things look both true and misleading at the same time. I’ll tell you what you missed, if anything, after you read it. Compare your impressions to my Fake News Report Card below.

Here’s the Bloomberg article by Caroline Winter

Fake News Report Card

1. The article and headline used my old phrasing “master wizard” instead of the updated “Master Persuader” that I used in 95% of my work. That was an intentional choice by the editor to create the KKK association in your mind, or at least to make it all seem silly.

2. The anecdote about me showing her a Victoria’s Secret(4) When Cast(5) that I made didn’t happen. One of the hundreds of public Whencasts on the site included that content, created by a woman. I might have opened that one along with others as different examples of what the software can do. By highlighting that one bit of fake news (saying I created it), and putting it in the context of my girlfriend being too young for me, it created a powerful and intentional creepy vibe(6).
(4) Victoria Secret = always accepted and difficult. "Have you gotten Victoria secret?" "It's difficult."
(5) WhenCast = hash tag for twitter
(6) vibe = 1no object Enjoy oneself by listening to or dancing to popular music. ‘another classic CD for you to vibe with’. 1.1 Get on; have a good relationship.
‘we vibe so well with each other’. 2with object Transmit or give out (a feeling or atmosphere) ‘he vibed pure hate in my direction’

3. Kristina doesn’t live with me. She was staying at my house temporarily while her place was having some repairs and upgrades.

4. When an article is intended to be favorable, you see photos that make me look relatively good, like this one, from Peter Duke:

When an article wants you to look bad to the reader, you see photos like this, from the Bloomberg article:

This is standard practice on both sides of the political spectrum. Publications pick the photos that tell their bias, not the story.

5. The headline suggests I am somehow, maybe, in favor of genocide. Obviously I’m not in favor of genocide, and the article later weakly explains that. But by then, the damage is done. Your brain is most influenced by what you read first, especially if it is in a headline.

6. The headline says Trump hypnotized*1 me. I would accept that as a hypothesis*2, but the article doesn’t address the point at all. The implication is that I’m a gullible nut-job, as opposed to one of the few people who predicted Trump’s win and provided lots of cognitive-science-backed reasons for the prediction.
*1 hypnotize/ˈhɪpnəˌtaɪz//ˈhipnəˌtīz/
*2 hypothesis/hīˈpäTHəsəs//haɪˈpɑθəsəs/

7. The article was initiated before the election, and was originally intended for publication about then. But a funny thing happened that ruined everything for Bloomberg. Trump won, and in so doing, he made me look like less of a nut. My accurate predictions, against all odds, would have been the headline in any article that wasn’t designed to be hostile.

8. To explain my Linguistic Kill Shot(7) idea, the writer focused on the Carly Fiorina(8) "look at that face” incident. She could have mentioned Lyin’ Ted, or Low Energy Bush, or Crooked Hillary. All stronger examples, but they don’t make me look like a sexist when the context is omitted. The Fiorina examples does.
(7) Linguistic Kill Shot = Donald Trump has a way with words—and with people. Yet despite his popularity, he has been a mystery to the media, which have mostly derided his campaign as consisting of nothing more than random insults and ignorant bluster.
Scott Adams, prolific author, blogger, and creator of the massively popular comic strip Dilbert, has a different theory. He tells Reason TV's Zach Weissmueller that the media are being trolled by a skilled manipulator, or in Adams's parlance, a Master Wizard. So exquisite does Adams believe Trump's skills to be that he predicts The Donald will go on to win the presidency.
"What I [see] in Trump," says Adams, is "someone who was highly trained. A lot of the things that the media were reporting as sort of random insults and bluster and just Trump being Trump, looked to me like a lot of deep technique that I recognized from the fields of hypnosis and persuasion."
(8) Carly Florina = is an American businesswoman. Fiorina is known primarily for her tenure as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Hewlett-Packard (HP).
As CEO of HP from 1999 to 2005, Fiorina was the first woman to lead a Top-20 company as ranked by Fortune Magazine. In 2002, Fiorina oversaw what was then the largest technology sector merger in history, in which HP acquired its rival personal computer manufacturer, Compaq. HP subsequently eliminated 30,000 U.S. positions, maintaining 80,000. In February 2005, she was fired as Chair and CEO after a boardroom disagreement.

9. The writer refers to my wide field of interests as “unusual fixations,” thus turning ordinary discussions of fitness and diet habits into something that sounds like a fetish.

10. Last year, the author of a book about seduction called The Game mailed me a copy of his book. This is common practice among authors. Sometimes it happens because an author thinks another author would be interested in the book. Sometimes an author hopes to get a public mention to boost sales. I have lots of unread books all over the house for this same reason. The Bloomberg writer focused on this one. The Pre-suasion book she mentions was also signed and sent to me by the author, for the same reason. But I read that one. (It’s great.)

You might recognize this book-related persuasion trick as the Mein Kampf play. If someone gives you a book that you didn’t ask for, somehow the book still explains your soul.

11. The writer asked me what would happen for me personally if Trump won. I talked about the good and the bad of it. She picked only the following words to make me look like a douche(9) bag: “If Trump gets elected, my profile will go through the roof, because I’m in a very small group of people who publicly said he would win in a landslide. … I’ll be very popular,” he said, with satisfaction.”
(9) douche = 1A shower of water.‘I felt better for taking a daily douche’ 1.1 A jet of liquid applied to part of the body for cleansing or medicinal purposes.
‘the mixture may be used as an antiseptic douche or as a gargle’ 1.2 A device for washing out the vagina. 2North American informal An obnoxious or contemptible person (typically used of a man) ‘that guy is such a douche’
(verb) 1Spray or shower with water. ‘she did not douche herself and the smell, at times, was off-putting’ 1.1no object Use a douche as a method of contraception.
/duːʃ/
(9)' douche bag = ˈdo͞oSHbaɡ/ noun 1. a small syringe for douching the vagina, especially as a contraceptive measure.
2. NORTH AMERICANinformal an obnoxious or contemptible person (typically used of a man).

Notice the three dots before “I’ll be very popular.” That is your signal for a manufactured quote. They assembled it from bits of what I said and left out the context that would have rendered it un-douche-baggy(10).
(10) un-douche-baggy ⇄ Antmann
an antmann is usually a douche baggy, fat, un-attractive male. Usually has a chode, and is small, like an ant that guy is such an antmann.


12. This quote is out of context: “In the kitchen, Adams installed three microwaves so he “can make a lot of popcorn at once.” The missing context is that I designed the house knowing that whoever makes the popcorn for the rest of the family misses the first part of the movie. Plus, the extra microwaves come in handy all the time. I use them at the same time quite often. How did that come out sounding nutty?

13. My girlfriend, Kristina, has an advanced degree from UC Berkeley, plays multiple instruments, has succeeded in several fields, and now has 3.3 million Instagram(11) followers. The writer mentioned her bra size.
(11) instgram = Instagram is a mobile photo-sharing application and service that allows users to share pictures and videos either publicly or privately on the service, as well as through a variety of other social networking platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, and Flickr. Originally, a distinctive feature was that it confined photos to a square shape, similar to Kodak Instamatic and Polaroid SX-70 images, in contrast to the 4:3 aspect ratio typically used by mobile device cameras. In August 2015, version 7.5 was released for mobile devices, allowing users to upload media captured in any aspect ratio, but not at full size. Users can also apply various digital filters to their images. In June 2013, Instagram added support for videos, allowing prerecorded square standard definition resolution clips of up to 15 seconds to be shared; later updates introduced support for widescreen resolutions at 360p and longer recording times for either pre-recorded (up to one minute per video, or up to 10 minutes with a multi-video post) or disappearing live videos (up to one hour).

14. This quote was cobbled together to make me look like a racist and a sexist because I write about Trump. “Adams has said, his professional advancement was thwarted by diversity hires. ‘There was no hope for another generic white male to get promoted any time soon,’ he wrote in Dilbert 2.0: 20 Years of Dilbert. (Later in the book, he noted that his Dilbert TV show was canceled after ‘the network made a strategic decision to focus on shows with African-American actors.’)

Both events are true, but in the first case she left out the fact that my bosses told me in direct language that they couldn’t promote a white male. I didn’t imagine it. Likewise, the UPN network literally made the decision to focus on African-American viewers at that time. it wasn’t just my interpretation of events.

Here’s the problem with that sort of reporting out of context: I’m also the guy who thinks men should stay out of the abortion question and leave it to women to decide what should be legal. I also blogged about my ideas for slavery reparations(12). I also described myself to her as “ultra-liberal” on social issues, because I am. If you leave out that context, the anecdotes sound like an explanation for why I grew up to be so terrible.
(12) reparation = the making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged. "the courts required a convicted offender to make financial reparation to his victim". the compensation for war damage paid by a defeated state.

15. The article quotes my friend and cartooning colleague Stephan Pastis as being appalled at my Trump support, and speculating that the reason might simply be that cartoonist crave attention.

Of course I crave attention. Plus, it’s my job. That part is not in dispute.

But I think Stephan’s quotes were from before Election Day, when people still thought I was nuts to predict a Trump win. Today, I think Stephan would add a second hypothesis: I did it because I thought I was right, and it seemed important to me to share with the world what I could see coming from a mile away.

Plus I crave attention. It was a twofer(13)
(13) twofer = ˈto͞ofər/ an item or offer that comprises two items but is sold for the price of one.

16. The writer badgered me on several occasions to make a comparison between Dogbert and Trump. I said Dogbert’s personality is based on my own dark inner thoughts and had nothing to do with Trump except they are both ambitious in the extreme. So she wrote this: “I’d thought the point of those strips was to laugh at Dogbert’s cruelty—not celebrate it. But Adams seemed elated by the triumph of a Dogbertesque president.” WTF(14)?

That’s sixteen intentionally-biased or incorrect components in one story.

By the way, Bloomberg did have a third-party do fact-checking on the article by running a bunch of questions by me for verification. That is standard practice for the big publications. None of the things I mentioned here were in the fact checking. The fact-checkers don’t check the writer’s own eye-witness accounts for accuracy, and they don’t check for missing context.

When normal citizens read the news, they think it is mostly accurate. But when you are the subject of reporting, you can see the fake news all over it. I thought I would share this view with you so you can increase your skepticism when you see this sort of thing presented as truth.

Plus, I crave attention. I couldn’t solve healthcare funding without it, among other things. Attention is fun, but also a tool.

You might still wonder why I volunteered to be interviewed for a hit piece, aside from the attention thing. My brother just sent me a very short video clip of his first reaction when he opened the article to read it. I think this answers all of your questions.

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英国旅行に行ってLondon市内の観光すると 殆どの人が訪れると思われるBig Ben: Westminster Bridge: the Parliament付近でテロである。2005年の6月末に英国旅行に行って帰って来てから すぐに大きなテロ事件があった。世の中が益々暗くなるような事件が多くなって来ているような気がするのだが...。

The Associated Press London (AP) ― A knife-wielding man went on a deadly rampage in the heart of Britain’s seat of power Wednesday, plowing a car into pedestrians on London’s Westminster Bridge before stabbing a police officer to death inside the gates of Parliament. Five people were killed, including the assailant, and 40 others were injured in what Prime Minister Theresa May condemned as a “sick and depraved(1) terrorist attack.”
(1) deprave = Make (someone) immoral or wicked. ‘this book would deprave and corrupt young children’
/dəˈpreɪv//dəˈprāv/

Lawmakers, lords, staff and visitors were locked down after the man was shot by police within the perimeter of Parliament, just meters from entrances to the building itself and in the shadow of the iconic Big Ben clock tower. He died, as did three pedestrians on the bridge, and the police officer.

A doctor who treated the wounded from the bridge said some had "catastrophic" injuries. Three police officers, several French teen agers on a school trip, two Romanian tourists and five South Korean visitors were among the injured.


Armed police officers enter the Houses of Parliament in London on Wednesday after the House of Commons sitting was suspended as witnesses reported sounds like gunfire outside. Police said they were treating the attack as terrorism. There was no immediate claim of responsibility.

Metropolitan Police counterterrorism chief Mark Rowley said police believed there was only one attacker, but it would be foolish to be overconfident early on. He said an unarmed policeman, three civilians and the attacker died. Forty others, including three police officers, were injured.

Islamic extremism was suspected in the attack, Rowley said, adding that authorities believe they know the assailant identity but would not r eveal it while the investigation was ongoing.

The threat level for international terrorism in the U.K. was already listed at severe, meaning an attack was likely.

Speaking outside 10 Downing St. after chairing a meeting of government emergency committee, COBRA, May said that level would not change. She said attempts to defeat British values of democracy and freedom through terrorism would fail.

Speaking outside 10 Downing St. after chairing a meeting of government emergency committee, COBRA, May said that level would not change. She said attempts to defeat British values of democracy and freedom through terrorism would fail.

Tomorrow morning, Parliament will meet as normal,she said. Londoners and visitors will all move forward together, never giving in to terror and never allowing the voices of hate and evil to drive us apart.

U.S. President Donald Trump was among world leaders offering condolences, and in Paris, the lights of the Eiffel Tower were to be dimmed in solidarity with London.

London has been a target for terrorism many times over past decades. Just this weekend, hundreds of armed police took part in an exercise simulating a terrorist attack on the River Thames.

Wednesday was the anniversary of suicide bombings in the Brussels airport and subway that killed 32 people last year, and the latest events echoed recent vehicle attacks in Berlin and Nice, France.

In the House of Commons, legislators were holding a series of votes on pensions when deputy Speaker Lindsay Hoyle announced that the sitting was being suspended and told lawmakers not to leave.

Parliament was locked down for several hours, and the adjoining Westminster subway station was shuttered.

Conservative lawmaker Tobias Ellwood, whose brother was killed in the Bali terror attack in 2002, performed first aid on the wounded police officer, who later died. About 10 yards away lay the assailant.

I tried to stem the flow of blood and give mouth to mouth while waiting for the medics to arrive but I think he had lost too much blood, Ellwood said. He had multiple wounds, under the arm and in the back.

The attack began early Wednesday afternoon as a driver in a gray SUV slammed into pedestrians on the bridge linking Parliament to the south bank of the River Thames.

Former Polish foreign minister Radek Sikorski was in a car crossing the bridge when he heard something like a car hitting metal sheet and then saw people lying on the pavement.

I saw one person who gave no signs of life. One man was bleeding from his head. I saw five people who were at least seriously injured, Sikorski told Poland TVN24.

Ambulances arrived within minutes to treat people who lay scattered along the length of the bridge. One bloodied woman lay surrounded by a scattering of postcards.

Police said one injured woman was pulled from the river.

The car crashed into railings on the north side of the bridge, less than 200 meters from the entrance to Parliament. As people scattered in panic, witnesses saw a man holding a knife run toward the building.

The whole crowd just surged around the corner by the gates just opposite Big Ben, said witness Rick Longley. A guy came past my right shoulder with a big knife and just started plunging it into the policeman. I have never seen anything like that. I just can't believe what I just saw.

The attacker managed to get past a gate into Parliament in New Palace Yard, a cobbled courtyard in the shadow of the Big Ben clock tower.

Daily Mail journalist Quentin Letts said a man in black attacked the police officer before being shot two or three times as he tried to storm into the building.

As this attacker was running towards the entrance two plain-clothed guys with guns shouted at him what sounded like a warning, he ignored it and they shot two or three times and he fell, Letts told the BBC.

The attacker fell to the cobbles just yards from the entrance to 1,000-year-old Westminster Hall, the oldest part of the parliamentary complex, busy with visitors and school groups. Beyond that, a corridor leads to the building Central Lobby, flanked by House of Commons and House of Lords chambers.

The prime minister was among lawmakers near the Commons at the time of the attack, and was quickly ushered away by security officers and driven back to Downing Street.

To get that far, the attacker would have had to evade the armed officers who patrol the Parliament complex in pairs, as well as Parliament own security staff, who don't carry guns.

The attack unfolded near some of the city most famous tourist sites, including the London Eye, a large Ferris wheel with pods that overlook the capital. It was halted after the attack, stranding visitors in the pods, with an aerial view of the attack scene.

London Ambulance Service said medics treated 12 people for serious injuries and eight who were less seriously hurt.

Dr. Colleen Anderson of St. Thomas Hospital said some of the wounded had injuries.

The French Foreign Ministry said that three students on a school trip from Saint-Joseph in the Brittany town of Concarneau were among the injured. Two Romanians were also among the injured, the country Foreign Ministry said.

U.S. President Donald Trump spoke with May by telephone and applauded the quick response of British police and first responders, spokesman Sean Spicer said.

London has often been the target of terrorist attacks, from IRA campaigns in the 1970s and 80s to more recent Islamist plots.

On July 7, 2005, four al-Qaida-inspired British bombers blew themselves up on three subway trains and a bus in London, killing 52 people.

British security forces say they have thwarted some 13 terror plots over the past four years, but in recent years the U.K. has largely been spared major international terror attacks such as the ones seen in Belgium and France.

Last year, a far-right supporter shot and killed British lawmaker Jo Cox, who had campaigned for the U.K. to remain in the European Union. Prior to that
, an attacker claiming to be motivated by Syria stabbed three people at a London subway station.

The most gruesome recent attack occurred in 2013 when two Muslim converts of Nigerian descent attacked Lee Rigby, a British soldier who was walking down the street. The men ran Rigby down with their vehicle and then used a cleaver to hack him to death as bystanders watched in horror.

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