mundaneという単語を覚えきれないなあ思って来た。mandateと混同しがちだった。発音は違うのだが 字面が似ていると実際に発音することや短文作成の機会が無いと なかなか身に付かないものだ。更科源蔵さんに関する記事を読んでいたら quotidian 毎日起こるとの意味で 同義語にmundaneがあった。さてこれで覚えきることが出来るだろうか?
ところで どこでmundaneを見たか思い出すまで時間が かなり掛かった。怪しいなあ。

【英文1】
Sarashina depicts these complex, interlocking themes of nature and culture, juxtaposed with other concerns, from the quotidian① to the socio-political. Above all, Sarashina’s poems reveal an observer’s eye that is empathetic but never sentimental. His narratives resonate with the realism of the Ainu elder who speaks matter-of-factly of the rights of bears; of school children who wonder why their teacher has been dismissed for sharing authentic Ainu history; of the perpetually drunk veteran sharing the ironic story of his “Yamato spirit.” Willems deliberately kept in blank parts of the poems that were censored by government authorities to further illuminate the historical realities at the time.

【単語①】
quotidian =
1Of or occurring every day; daily. ‘the car sped noisily off through the quotidian traffic’
1.1 Ordinary or everyday; mundane. ‘his story is an achingly human one, mired in quotidian details’
2Medicine Denoting the malignant form of malaria.
(Origin)
Middle English: via Old French from Latin quotidianus, earlier cotidianus, from cotidie ‘daily’.
quotidian/kwəʊˈtɪdɪən//kwɒˈtɪdɪən/

【①用例】
(1) What if they declare that it's time for the public to be told some of the hard truths about the intelligence community's quotidian operations?
(2) But in truth, and more interestingly, there's a private life of globalization, one that exists in the quotidian experiences of millions whose lives have been enriched by new technologies.
(3) Here is an enchanted world, a sanctuary for humans as much as for animals, in which the niggling(a)concerns of our quotidian existence seem thousands of miles away.
(4) So a different outlook would be one which seeks to fuse again ordinary quotidian life with beauty, with art in its proper sense as ‘a thing made well’.
(5) Much of the diary, rather than mapping the thrilling peaks and troughs of Meeting Mr Right, records the more deceptively challenging, quotidian slog(b) across the lifelong plateau thereafter: Living with Mr Right.
(6) Reasoning for the ordinary and quotidian experiences of observation, Diderot demanded not only the artist but also the art critic to be liberated from the studio model.
(7) And the video, the video: ‘We Close Your Eyes’ seemed to be on the Chart Show every week for a year, a sign of how functional and quotidian pop had become.
(8) The details are quotidian, but the underlying questions both simple and profound: Who am I?
(9) But the effect is calculatedly bathetic(c) since it turns out that what saves or condemns you is such embarrassingly quotidian matters as whether you fed the hungry and visited the sick.
(10) Far from being quotidian these glamorous fancies push fashion to the limit in their testing fusion of ego-soothing props and dreamy confection.
(a) niggle = (些細なことに)こだわる くどくど文句を言う (些細なことで)[人を]しつこく咎める 〈人を〉イライラさせる 〈人に〉くどくど文句を言う
(b) slog = 強打する ..に精出して終了する。重い足取りで歩く、強く打つ (名)強打 辛い仕事 強行軍 苦闘
(c) bathetic = 漸降法の bsthos 陳腐な 月並な

【英文2】
Have you ever seen in your tour of Japan many a young man with unkempt hair, dressed in shabbiest garb, carrying in his hand a large cane or a book, stalking about the streets, with an air of utter indifference to mundane② things?
(Bushido: Inazo Nitobe, IBC Publishing page 163-164)

【和訳】
外客は日本を漫遊するにあたり、蓬髪弊衣、大なる杖または書物を手にし、世事関せず焉(えん)の態度をもって大道を闊歩する多くの青年を見たであろうか。
(矢内原忠雄: 岩波文庫 130頁)

【単語②】
mundane = /mʌnˈdeɪn/
1Lacking interest or excitement; dull. ‘his mundane, humdrum existence’ 2Of this earthly world rather than a heavenly or spiritual one. ‘according to the Shinto doctrine, spirits of the dead can act upon the mundane world’ 2.1 Relating to or denoting the branch of astrology that deals with the prediction of earthly events.
(Origin) Late Middle English (in mundane (sense 2)): from Old French mondain, from late Latin mundanus, from Latin mundus ‘world’. mundane (sense 1) dates from the late 19th century.
/ˈmʌndeɪn//mʌnˈdeɪn/

【用例②】
(1) It is also full of the mundane, the pedestrian and the downright dull and ugly.
(2) But underneath all the excitement lurk the mundane pressures of the daily grind.
(3) Her conversation was mundane and her interests narrow.
(4) The next day was as boring, mundane, unexciting, humdrum, dull, tedious, uneventful and monotonous as usual.
(5) We put fancy, bubbly skins on the dull and mundane and think that we're making it all more interesting.
(6) It's your own world where the mundane things of life are relegated to the background while spirited things take over.
(7) The book's grand aims are filtered through his muddled mind, which has the unfortunate effect of making his spiritual quest seem mundane.
(8) Monks, nomads and family members needed attention - spiritual, medical and mundane.
(9) Sitting by a river meditating is nice, but real spirituality comes from making the mundane sacred.
(10) In relating to the activities in life, whether spiritual or mundane, their sense of workability disappears, and they face a state of bleakness.
(yy) The Japanese elevated the mundane practice of drinking tea to a spiritual discipline.
(xx) The diary juxtaposes the profound and the mundane, rather like life itself.
(11) The lowest branch of mundane, kings and potentates(a), is but a short step from natal astrology.
(12) Every indication is negative for peace as far as mundane astrology is concerned.
(13) Its influence was always dreaded in mundane astrology, being unfavorable to the farmer's work.
(14) The second is mundane astrology, concerning the rise and fall of kingdoms, battles, revolutions, etc.


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