exprpriate 「収用する」という単語をみると「成田空港」建設のために適用された「土地収用法」適用した「友納知事」皇室報道「友納記者」を連想し、extort 「脅し取る」という単語で「軍需物資を徴発」「苛斂誅求」で第二次大戦中の作戦遂行の為のlogisticsの貧困を思い出す。 【expropriate】 Was it not the fact that there was an unproductive class of comsumers who expropriated the products of the peasants' labor without themselves doing any work, that is, engaging in what Shoeki called "direct cultivation" (chokko)? (Studies of Intellectual History in Tokugawa Japan: page 252-253) 1(of the state or an authority) take (property) from its owner for public use or benefit. ‘their assets were expropriated by the government’ 1.1 Dispossess (someone) of property. ‘the measures expropriated the landlords’ Origin: Late 16th century: from medieval Latin expropriat- ‘taken from the owner’, from the verb expropriare, from ex- ‘out, from’ + proprium ‘property’, neuter singular of proprius ‘own’. /ɛksˈprəʊprɪeɪt//ɪksˈprəʊprɪeɪt/ 1) The socialist insurgency expropriated the Apostolic Palice. 2) This land was expropriated from its original owner decades ago. 【extort】 It had to be proven that their function was ultimately "to make excuses for the thieves," who extorted the product of the common people's direct cultivation. (Studies of Intellectual History in Tokugawa Japan: page 255) extort = Obtain (something) by force, threats, or other unfair means. ‘he attempted to extort money from the company’ Origin: Early 16th century: from Latin extort- ‘wrested’, from the verb extorquere, from ex- ‘out’ + torquere ‘to twist’. /ɪkˈstɔːt//ɛkˈstɔːt/ 1) The administration proceeded to extort large sums of money, ostensibly to repay this cost, and the states ended up following suit. 2) All the unions did was form cartels and use the threat of violence to keep competitors at bay and extort some wealth from the capitalists. 3) For most, imprisonment at home would equate to unspeakable living conditions, physical torture, and false confessions extorted by threats. 4) In the past, they had to hire consultants who extorted a lot of money from them. 5) The two were eventually netted by the FBI, but the attempt to extort money from her was hard on her and her children. Synonyms: force, obtain by force, obtain by threat, obtain by threats, blackmail someone for, extract, exact, coerce, wring, wrest, screw, squeeze, milk, worm something out of someone 6) Tom was the victim of an extortion attempt. 7) He extorted a large amount of money from her. 8) Forensic linguists, recognizing that no two people use language in exactly the same way, will examine the idiolect of an extortion letter to determine authorship. 9) That’s why we’ve pushed for transparency and cooperation in rooting out corruption, and tracking illicit dollars, because markets create more jobs when they're fueled by hard work, and not the capacity to extort a bribe.