作家 吉村昭は幕末の武士の生き方を書いているが、主人公になる人たちの思想と行動には感服する。武士ではないが アメリカ彦蔵の話も大変面白かった。モリソン号事件に関してMichael Hoffmanの書いている記事の中でrepatriateという単語を見たら、他の記事か小説の中で expateiateという単語も記憶しようと思っていたことがあったなあーと再びその語も書き出してみた。 One rumor concerned an American ship called the Morison. It was said to be its way, its mission to repatriate a number of Japanese castaways. (The Japan Times: May 20, 2018 by Michael Hoffman) 【英和辞典】 repatriate = 〈戦争犯罪人・亡命者など〉を[本国へ]送還する 〈資産・利益など〉を[本国へ]送り返す 【英英辞典】 repatriate = /riːˈpatrɪeɪt//riːˈpeɪeɪt/ Verb 1Send (someone) back to their own country. ‘the last German POWs were repatriated in November 1948’ 'he is repatriated now.’ 1) Minister McDowell is also busy repatriating illegal immigrants. 2) The representatives in Zaire from the World Bank have sent a memo to Washington in which they report that it was abandoning its factory and repatriating its staff. 3) The end of the war, a veteran's education scheme and the shortage of shipping space for repatriating Canadian soldiers gave him the opportunity to go up to Cambridge. 4) It wants to repatriate all non-European foreigners. 5) Foreign ships relayed the news and some called in at Japanese ports to deliver relief supplies and repatriate foreigners who wished to leave. 6) It does indeed seem counterintuitive to continue the heartbreaking and futile process of militarizing the area, bullying and repatriating people like the two men we see taking a furtive, impromptu bath at a hotel fountain in Matamoros. 7) According to the peace accord, Zimbabwe must repatriate its troops. 1.1no object Return to one's own country. ‘the majority came to America as migrant workers who intended to repatriate to Hungary’ 1) While many foreign students do repatriate, some of the best and brightest stay here to teach or find other employment. 2) The outcomes are such that people repatriate with their family when they've formerly been at odds with them. 3) The next wave of immigrants came during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries with the intention of repatriating after four or five years with enough capital to make themselves into prosperous farmers. 4) Although most Ethiopians maintain positive sentiments toward their former country, very few opt to repatriate. 5) The trauma of June 4, 1989, inspired them to repatriate and found businesses with a mission. 1.2with object Send or bring (money) back to one's own country. ‘foreign firms would be permitted to repatriate all profits’ 1) Large sums could be repatriated and reinvested in this country if an amnesty were announced. 2) Japanese investors are repatriating their money as a result of a decline in the yen. 3) If investors have decided they want to repatriate sterling assets, now is a good a time to sell given current strength of sterling. 4) Profits are also allowed to repatriated freely without dividend balancing. 5) Secondly, foreigners might refuse to roll over loans to a country and repatriate the repaid funds. 6) If the U.S. pushes too hard, Japan can threaten to repatriate the assets, leaving the U.S. economy in dire straits. 7) He subsequently repatriated his money and made voluntary contact with the Revenue Commissioners. 8) These amnesties are allowing German, Italian and Portuguese taxpayers to repatriate their money back to their home countries, with a modest levy, and an amnesty for past non-compliance with domestic tax laws. 9) All loans could be converted into investment funds and be repatriated through the ‘Financial’ Rand, but suffering the loss of the difference between the two currencies. Noun A person who has been repatriated. 1) But she received no promotions because of discrimination against repatriates, she said.’ 2) Tourism is the third largest source of foreign exchange in the country, after repatriates and garments. 3) The council downplayed the security considerations, maintaining that any information that German repatriates might provide would ‘be more of a discouragement than of assistance to their compatriots. 4) These repatriates could only return to the United States as one of the annual quota of 50 immigrants. 5) The U.S. government routinely repatriates suspects held in places where Western legal norms are not entirely shared. 6) In the late 1990s, individual dwellings became popular among postwar repatriates from Japan, who, through financial support from their families remaining in Japan, are able to purchase houses. 7) It offers an advice service to older Irish people who are living abroad and repatriates those who are anxious to return home. 8) Both Australian students of the subject and returnees confirm that repatriates do find life difficult in Australia when they return. 9) As a project director with the United Nations Development Fund for Women she assessed the needs of Lao and Hmong refugee women repatriates in Laos and in the refugee camps in Thailand. Origin Early 17th century (earlier ( late 16th century) as repatriation): from late Latin repatriat- ‘returned to one's country’, from the verb repatriare, from re- ‘back’ + Latin patria ‘native land’. 【英英辞典】 expatriate = /ɪksˈpeɪtrɪət//ɛksˈpeɪtrɪət//ɛksˈpatrɪət//ɪksˈpatrɪət/ 1A person who lives outside their native country. ‘American expatriates in London’ 1.1archaic An exile. /ɛksˈpeɪtrɪət//ɪksˈpatrɪət//ɛksˈpatrɪət//ɪksˈpeɪtrɪət/ 1Denoting or relating to a person living outside their native country. ‘expatriate workers’ 1.1archaic Expelled from one's native country. Verb Pronunciation /ɪksˈpeɪtrɪeɪt//ɛksˈpeɪtrɪeɪt//ɛksˈpatrɪeɪt//ɪksˈpatrɪeɪt/ Send (a person or money) abroad. ‘we expatriated the prisoners of war immediately after the end of the war’. ‘people that have illegally expatriated funds’ ‘money found to have been expatriated to Singapore banks’. ‘the poet was then expatriated from France’. no object ‘candidates should be willing to expatriate’ Origin Mid 18th century (as a verb): from medieval Latin expatriat- ‘gone out from one's country’, from the verb expatriare, from ex- ‘out’ + patria ‘native country’. Pronunciation expatriateNOUN/ɪksˈpatrɪət/ expatriateADJECTIVE/ɪksˈpatrɪət/ expatriateVERB/ɪksˈpatrɪeɪt/
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