presuppositionという単語をみて ウムとうなってしまった。supposeにpreが付いたもののようだが 予見だったかなあ?英英辞書を引くと以下の通りで、英和辞典は前提となっている。前提ではpremiseもあったし、自分が前提を英作文する時はpreconditionnを使っていたような気がする。preconditionは 英和辞典では前提条件。presuppositionと聞くとlisteningの場合presumptionを想定思想だ。

presupposition
1A thing tacitly assumed beforehand at the beginning of a line of argument or course of action.
‘both men shared certain ethical presuppositions about the universe’
1.1mass noun The action or state of presupposing or being presupposed.
Origin: Mid 16th century from medieval Latin praesuppositio(n-), from the verb praesupponere (see presuppose).
/ˌpriːsʌpəˈzɪʃ(ə)n/ 

premise 1(British premiss) Logic A previous statement or proposition from which another is inferred or follows as a conclusion.  ‘if the premise is true, then the conclusion must be true’
1.1An assertion or proposition which forms the basis for a work or theory.  ‘the fundamental premise of the report’
(Verb) premise something on/upon
1Base an argument, theory, or undertaking on.  ‘the reforms were premised on our finding. 1.1State or presuppose (something) as a premise.  with clause ‘one school of thought premised that the cosmos is indestructible’
1.2archaic State by way of introduction.  ‘I will premise generally that I hate lecturing’
Origin:  Late Middle English from Old French premisse, from medieval Latin praemissa (propositio) ‘(proposition) set in front’, from Latin praemittere, from prae ‘before’ + mittere ‘send’.
/ˈprɛmɪs/ 

precondition A condition that must be fulfilled before other things can happen or be done.  ‘a precondition for peace’
(Verb) 1Condition (an action) to happen in a certain way.  ‘enquiries are always preconditioned by cultural assumptions’
1.1Condition or influence (a person or animal) by exposing them to stimuli or information prior to the relevant behavioural situation.
with object and infinitive ‘the anthropologist is not preconditioned to interact with those he studies’ 2Bring (something) into the desired state for use.  ‘they precondition the incoming air to match the inside air temperature’
/priːkənˈdɪʃ(ə) presumption 1An idea that is taken to be true on the basis of probability. ‘underlying presumptions about human nature’
1.1mass noun The acceptance of something as true although it is not known for certain.  ‘the presumption of innocence’
1.2Law An attitude adopted in law or as a matter of policy towards an action or proposal in the absence of acceptable reasons to the contrary.  ‘the planning policy shows a general presumption in favour of development’
2mass noun Behaviour perceived as arrogant, disrespectful, and transgressing the limits of what is permitted or appropriate.  ‘he lifted her off the ground, and she was enraged at his presumption’
Origin: Middle English from Old French presumpcion, from Latin praesumptio(n-) ‘anticipation’, from the verb praesumere (see presume). 
/prɪˈzʌm(p)ʃ(ə)n/  

(英文 from Lukas) Clearly, it cannot be our aim here to describe even in outline the growth of the modern process of labour, of the isolated, ‘free’ labourer and of the division of labour. Here we need only establish that labour, abstract, equal. comparable labour, measurable with increasing precision according to the time socially necessary for its accomplishment, the labour of the capitalist division of labour existing both as the presupposition and the product of capitalist production, is born only in the course of the development of the capitalist system. Only then does it become a category of society influencing decisively the objective form of things and people in the society thus emerging, their relation to nature and the possible relations of men to each other. 

(平井俊彦先生訳)
いまここで、商品の生産過程、すなわち近代的労働過程や個別化された「自由な」労働者や分業などの成立をざっとでも描きだすことは、いうまでもなくわれわれの意図しているところではない。ここでは、つぎのことをこそ確証しなければならない。すなわち、社会的必要労働に照らしてたえずより正確に測定できる・抽象的な・比較できる労働、つまり資本主義的分業の労働は、資本主義的生産の産物であると同時にその前提として、資本主義的生産の発展過程ではじめて成立する、したがってこの労働は、資本主義的発展の流れのなかではじめて、こうして成立した社会の客体ならびに主体の対象性形態に、つまりこの社会と自然との関係ならびにそのその内部でとり結ぶことのできる人間相互の関係の対象的形態に、決定的な影響をおよぼす一つの社会的カテゴリーとなるということ、これである。
 
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