EXERCISES  A

1
(1) The older you get, the more difficult you learn English.
→ the more difficult it becomes (for you) to learn

(2) A lot of people believe that the more books they read, the more they become knowledgeable.
→ the more knowledgeable they become

(3) The more I thought about the project, the more I did not like it.
→ less I liked

(4) That question was easy than I had expected.
→ easier

(5) Our new house has rooms twice as many as the one where we used to live.
→ twice as many rooms as


2
(1) 数学の試験は思ったほど難しくはなかった。
① The math test was not as difficult as I had expecyed.

② The math exam turned out to be easier than I had expected it to be.


(2) 統計によれば、中国の人口は日本の約10倍である。
① Statistics show that the population of China is about ten times as large as that of Japan.

② According to the statistics, the population of China is about ten times as large as Japan's.


(3) ナタリーの手紙を読めば読むほど、彼女の真意がわからなくなった。
① The more I read Natalie's letter, the less I understood her real intention.

② The more times I read her letter, the less I could understan what Natalie mean.


(4) 年を重ねると、月日の流れがどんどん速くなる。
① The older you get, the more quickly you feel that time goes by.

② The more you age, the faster time seems to pass.


(5) 過去について知れば知るほど、過去から学ぶことの大切さを教えられます。
① The more we know about the past, the more we realize how important it is to learn from it.

② The more we learn about history, the more we find out that it is very important to learn form it.


EXERCISES  B

(1) 日本の学生は、ほかの先進国の学生より2倍長くテレビを見るが、読書時間は半分以下である。
① Japanese students watch TV twice as long as students in any other developed countries. 
However,they spen less than half as much time reading.

② Students in Japan spend twice as much time watching TV as students in any other developed coutry. In additin, they read less than half as much.


(2) 考えれば考えるほどその問題は難しく思われ、僕にはお手上げだった。  
① The more I thought about the problem, the more difficult it seemed to me.  Finally, I gave up trying to solve it.

② The longer I thought about the question, the more difficult I found it.  In the end, I gave it up.


(3) 外国語を身につけようとするとき、開始年齢が早ければ早いほど、その上達は早い。
① Whe you want to learn a foreign language, the ealier you start to study it, the faster you make progress in the language.

② If you try to learn other languages, the younger you are when you start, the more rapidly you improve.


(4) 去年の冬、長い休暇をとってロサンゼルスに行きましたが、 期待していたほど暖かくはありませんでした。
① Last winter, I took a long vacation and went to Los Angeles.  However, it was not as warm as I had expected.

② Last winter, when I took a long time off, I visited Los Angeles.  The city was not as warm as I had expected.


(5) 携帯電話で話しながら運転する人は、運転に集中する人よりも事故を起こす可能性が約4倍高いと言われている。
① It is said that those who are talking onthe mobile phone while driving are about four times as likely to cause a traffic accident as those who are concentrating on driving.

② People say that if you are talking on the mobile phone while at the wheel, you are about four times as likely to have a traffic accident as when you are concentrating on driving.


【Further Exercise】
 This graph shows us the percentage of children in three age groups who owned mobile phones in 2005 and 2009.  The number increased in all all three age groups.  The older the children were, the more likely it was that thet owned a mobile phone and the greater the increase in the proportion of owners between 2005 and 2009.

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