EXERCISES A
1.
(1) Most problrms in this world arise when I am too emotional.
 → you are
(2) Anyone has their own dream.
 → Everyone
(3) Enery rooms in this inn have an outdoor bathtub.
 → room, has
(4) Anyone who want to apply for the scholarship have to fill out this form.
 → Those
(5) Some of people are fond of coriander, while others hate it.
 → Some people あるいは Some

括弧と記号について
[    ]
言い換え可能
  必ずしも同じ意味とは限りません。
  どの部分が言い換え可能なのかが、分かりづらいところは、下線を引きました。
(   )
省略可能
2.
(1) 食べすぎると胃が痛くなるよ。

【解答】
 You (will)  get a stomachache when [ if] you eat too much.
(別解1
 People get a stomachache when they eat toomuch.
(別解2
 Eating too much [Overeating]  will give you a stomachache.

(2) もし時間が許すなら、この夏休みに札幌を訪ねたいと思います。

【解答】
 If I have (free [some]) time, I wouldlike to visit [to go to / to travel to] Sapporo (during) this summer vacation.
(別解)
 If time allows [permits], I would like totake [go on] a trip to Sapporo (during) this summer vacation.

(3) 若者は世間からどう見られているかあまり気にとめないものだよ。

【解答】
 Young people do not care much about whatother people think of them[how other people see [look at] them].
(別解1
 There is a tendency for young people not toworry much about how they look to others [other people].
(別解2
 It is not unusual for young people to beindifferent to how they look to others [other people].

(4) 音楽を聴くのが好きな人が上手に演奏できるとはかぎらない。

【解答】
 People [Those] who likelistening [like to listen] to music are not always [necessary] good at playing it.
(別解1
 People who like listening to music cannotalways [are not always able to] play it well.
(別解2
 Someone who likes listening to music is notalways good at playing it.
 

(5) きちんと時間を守っている人もいれば、約束の時間にいつも遅れる人もいる。

【解答】
 Some people are always (very) punctual [punctual to the minute / punctual to a minute],while [whereas] others are almost always late (for appointments).
(別解1
 Some people alwayscome [are always] on time, while [and / but] othersalmost always arrive late[make people wait].
(別解2
 
There are (some) people who are always punctual,while [and / but] others are never on time [almost always late].


EXERCISES  B

(1) 文章を書く場合、何も考えずに書き出すと、よほど書き慣れた人でないかぎり、考えが深まらなかったり、まとまらなかったりするのは目に見えている。

【解答】
 It is obvious [clear] that [Obviously, /Clearly,] if you start writing [to write] without deciding what to write
beforehand [in advance], unless you are [if you are not] very used to writing, you willnot be able to develop or organize your thinking.
(別解1
 Needless to say, when you do not makea plan [make no plan] before starting to write, unlessyou are a very experienced writer, you will be unable to think carefully aboutthe subject (that) you are going to deal with or be sure of what you are goingto write.
(別解2
 If you start to write without any clear ideain mind, unless you are excellent [very good] at writing,  it will surely beimpossible (for you) to understand clearly what you really want to say or putyour thoughts together.
(別解3
 Clearly, if those who are not used towriting start to write before thinking about what to write beforehand, theywill not be able to develop their thoughts or put them together.

(2) (第1文)この国ではふつう、人に会ったとき、握手をするかわりにお辞儀をします。

【解答】
 In this country, when people meet eachother, they usually bow instead of shaking hands.
(別解1
 People in this country usually bow insteadof shaking hands when they meet each other [someone].
(別解2
 In this country, when people meet someone [another person / others / other people], theyusually bow to each other[to them] instead of shaking hands (with them) [shaking their hands].
(別解3
 In this country, when you meet someone,bowing to each other is more common than shaking hands.

(第2文)私はこの習慣に早く慣れたいと思います。
【解答】
 I would like to [want to] get used [accustomed] to this custom [practice] soon.

(3) 緊張しすぎたり、弱気になったり、集中できなぁったりする心理的側面が実力を発揮することを妨げます。

【解答】
 It is difficult [hard] to do your best if[when] you feel [get / become] (too) nervous [tense], lack confidence or cannot concentrate(on what you are doing).
(別解
 If you are (too) nervous, less confidentthan usual, or feel distracted, you have difficulty [have trouble ] have a hard time] demonstrating[showing] your true [real] ability [what you are capable of].

(4) 間違うことは必ずしも悪いことではない。人は経験から多くの事を学ぶからだ。大事なのは同じ間違いを繰り返さないように努力することである。

【解答】
 It is not always [necessarily] bad [a bad thing / wrong] to makemistakes [make a mistake], because you can learn (a lot /a lot of things) from (your) experience [from (your) experiences].  Theimportant thing [What is important]is to try[to aim] not to make the same mistake again [not to repeat the same mistake].
(別解1
 Making a mistake is not always a bad thing,because people can learn a lot through their experience(s).  However, you shouldtry never to make a mistake (that /which) you made before.
(別解2
 You should not always get disappointed whenyou make a mistake, because you can learn from a failure.  It is importantto make an effort to avoid the same mistake [that you (should) avoid making the same mistakeagain].

(5) 現代の生活では、だれもがストレスがたまりやすい。適度な運動をするとか、音楽を聴くとか、自然の中で過ごすなどして、ストレスを解消するほうがよいでしょう。

【解答】
 In modern life, everyone [everybody] (often)has a lot pf stress.  You [They] should relieve stress by doing thingssuch as getting moderate [some / proper / enough] excise, listening to music,or spending time in the country [in the countryside / outdoors].
(別解1
 These days [Nowadays](,) everyone feels verystressed.  In order to relieve stress, it would be a good idea to getmoderate [some] exercise, listen to music, or spend time outdoors.
(別解2
 Modern life can be stressful.  Gettingmoderate exercise, listening to music and spending some time in a naturalsetting are good ways to relieve stress.



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