2012ǯ02

¸褤סĽʣΤ

ϤϤ…׼νʣɽä񤤤ꤷƤ뤳Ȥˡä񤤤ꤷƤܿͤϰճȵդʤΤĤǶ⥦־ǡ¸褤פȤ򸫤Ĥ˶̣ФơäȸƤߤȡΤ褦νʣɽ⤢ä¸褤פޤᡢ4󤲤Ƥ

椬Ȥ¸褤
ƱΤ¸褤
ǽŪˤ˼1Ĥμ¤ǤʤΤ45ĤȤ¸褤Ǥ
 ޤޤ뤳Ȥ̵Ǥ礦ɺǯ¸褤ǯˤʤꤽǤʴ.

ƮǤʤФñʤ¸Ʈ
¸ƮǤϡϵʪǰǤ
¤ϡʥ쥤ȤǤϤʤޤ˿ʪϢ¸ƮξʤΤǤ礦ɤ…
Ƕưʪ顢ǤϤʤǤξԤ¸ƮΩΥᥬͤǤαǸ롣

ȤϤ¸襤򴶤ޤ͡
ͻ礷ꤹۤʹ֤¸襤ĩ褿ۤȤ餷 ...
ȡޤ줿ȤȤǡ̤ͥ¸襤򤹤ƤǤ롣
եθȱ֤˻ۤƤΤ㡼ǤСܥǥΤΤ⡢¸ 襤򤹤뤳ȤˤʤäΤ

ջȤ

ʤ¡˴Ƥλϡ󥿡ͥåȾˤ뤬Ϣε˸򤸤“ջʤ”褯ʬ褦ˤʤäϣΤꡢƹ“”Ƥ뤳ȤˤʤäƤ롣ȸΤϡֻϡޤפȤäơΤȤˡ֥Ǥ¡̤εǤ٤󡢤ޤ̤εǤȡ̾ΤѤơ“”񤤤Ƥ뤫ܿ۩ֻ“”¾Τ󴵼ԤΤäƤ餤פΤ

ϡ٤¡󡢰ߤȤˤϡͤФˤʤǸϤǤʤ“”ϤɤޤǤ“”Τɤϲ餫“ؼ”“򹯿”Ƥ뤫ʤ“”νҡեľ뤷Ƥ뤫ˤ̾ȤäƤ褦뤳ȤʤɡƤ䤹ˤϡ¾ͤζǺԹ˱Ūդ“ʿʹ”¿“쥪캾”ȿͤ򸫤Ƥ⤽줬褯ʬ롣

󥿡ͥåȾΤ“ջ”ϡξΤʸΤɤԤۤɤ򥳥ԡơGoogleʤɤθ󥸥˳ݤƤߤФ褤ȤСֻϡޤס֡󤫤ԤޤפʤɤȽ񤫤줿ĽΤäƤС“”򸫤Ĥ뤳ȤŪñ

ֿƻʸʾڡפɬפǤϤʤ

cĤҶεԻब³Ƥ롣Ĥ24ˤ⡢ԿɶΥޥ󥷥ǡ4Ф˻ơ22ˤθˡ27ˤ˽ԤȤǻ˴Ƭ»ä뿩򿩤٤ʤΤʢΩäפ˽ԤͳҤ٤ƤȤŪ˵ԤƤפ⤢餷

㤯ϡΤζ礬̲ʢ᤬ǨƤ뤫Ƥ뤫Τ줫Ǥ뤳Ȥ¿Τ줫θäƤСλϵ㤭ߤĻʪ򿩤٤ʤϡΤζ礬ʪ˹ʤʢǿ٤뵤ʤ̲äƤ뤫Τ줫嵭˻⤽ͳΤɤ줫뿩򿩤٤ʤäΤʤ뤤ˤؤ“ȿ”äΤʤ

ˤ衢θõäƤȤפǤ⼫ʤǰʤԤϡǽ餫ˤʤʤۤ褤ͤơϡֿƤˤʤ뤿λʸɬפǤϤʤȤפäƤ롣Τޤ褿ΤλҤϡ̽ʡ򵧤ꤿ羸

A child is a Cupid become visible. F. Novalis.
Ҥܤ˸褦ˤʤä塼ԥåɤǤ롣F.Υꥹ


յ꤬ˡԶ࿵ʤˤȤʤ˽ʿơˤ˽Ф魯ȡĤDam(’)!ʥ祦ˤȤפФDadˤMom [Mum]ˤȤ礹Dam(’)ʡִޤ路פΰդDamnedΰ۷ˤˤʤ뤫

ӡ(comparison)Τ

ǯ4  7 ˤܿزΩ48ؤǡ6,000ͤ1ǯоݤ˼»ܤشĴΣĤΤ褦ʤäأǯ٥ΤΤ餷

عλǯ100 ͤοŬꡢʿѤ׻163.5cm ˤʤޤη̤μ¤ȸ뤳ȤˤϢ򡢤ǤʤΤˤ☓򡢺¦ζ˵Ƥ

(1) Ĺ163.5 cm ⤤̤㤤̤ϡ줾50 ͤĤ롣
(2) 100 ͤοĹ򤿤ȡ163.5 cm × 100 = 16350 cm ˤʤ롣
(3) Ĺ10 cm Ȥˡ130 cm ʾ140 cm ̡̤ס140 cm ʾ150 cm ̡̤סȤ褦˶ʬȡ160 cm ʾ170 cm ̡̤פǤ¿

դΤϡ2֤ǡȤΣĤĴη̡Σͤˣͤʿפΰ̣򤷤Ƥ餺ä˻Ωؤ䡢ؤεһηиʤΨ㤫ä

ĴǻפФȤ롣⤦ǯΤȤ3ǯ20̾˼Τ褦1ʸ򼨤ơʸפ⤫٤륤᡼ˤĤƿҤͤʳȿϿ¬褿¤Ϥǧ뤳ȤŪäˡ

1Taro is the tallest of the brothers.
2) Taro is the most friendly of the brothers.

ϺϷʤˤǰؤ⤤סϺϷʤˤǰ֥եɥ꡼ͧŪϤפʤɤƱˡ䤬¬̤ꡢȾʾνϺηϳĹȡΥեɥ꡼ϤפȻפä褦ä

ȤΣʸϼΤ褦ˤ񤭴롣

 (1) Taro is taller than his brothers.
 (2) Taro is more friendly [is frienlier] than his brothers.

ĤޤꡢϺοĹͧ٤ϡޤǤۤηӤȸäƤǤ롣ϺοĹϤ⤷163.5 cm ΤʤϺȤϤۤɥեɥ꡼ǤϤʤΤʤϡ(comparison)򶵤ؤꤹݤˡճȴDzᤵ줬ʤȤ

ʤȤܿز񤬲ȯɽشĴˤʿפȤβ򸫤ƤƻפФ

ܲѴۤ˹Ԥä褿

θ桢椬ҤȤĤξ˿ۥƥ˹ԤΤȤǡߤδʪYŹΩä夵󤫤ϡ˶ƲפȡʪޤǤĤѤ̤夵Τ¤ʤ򤷤

ϲܲѴۤ˲äҵѡŸäƤ뤳Ȥ̼Ĵ٤ƤƤ줿ҵμäʤϡԤˬ줿ݤֻҵǰʪۡǤäȸƤҵ椫βȤκʤŸƤȤȤäΤḁ̇̄ϤäơƱۤޤ­ФƤߤʤȸäƤ⡢ºݤˤϥѤäΤˡ

Ÿʪ򸫤ˡƱۤܤ쥹ȥ֥ޡǡѤįᡢĤΤ褦˴ʤȤۤФ˿ʤ顢Ҷ뿩Ȥäϥ֥١åȤӡʸ

뿩塢Ÿۤ˸äΤҵ¿κʡ㡧֤ĤŤӡס߲֡סˤϤΤȡϺ㡧ֳy2ʡסˡ㡧ֵءסˡĵ㡧ᄀޡסˡ¼ޡʡΩסˡ¼ٻ㡧ߤΤʡסˡ㡧־ҽСסˡƷ˰Ϻ㡧֥եʡסˡƣ㡧ǼáסˤʤɤθʺʤοˡηФĤΤ˺Ƥޤä

ʤ¼ʤդġκʤΣĤǤ٤μס26[1893]ǯˤ“Ť”˼椫졢γΩߤޤꡢФ餯ưʤäޤϲС㡧ظڤǭǤ١ˤᡢƱ̾Ȥκʤ޳󤻤Ȥ䡢¼Ź̾ʥޡˤʤäƤˤ񤤤ȤǤΤ롣Фλ񤤤Τޤäȵ롣
˴ʤκȶ˳ڤΤҤȻä

Painting is silent poetry, and poetry speaking painting. S.T. Coleridge
    ̵λˤơͭγʤ꡽S.T.å

͡פλȤ֤͡פξ

פդǰ“”Ȥ򤵤ƤΤϡפ줬ȤƤʸǤϡ“ijͥ”ȤС“”“ȥ졼ʡ”“åȥѥ”륫奢ʸ硦ɽ֤Ƥ㤬ΩĤäơפȤǫɽȤ“⤤Ƥ”10äƤߤ롣

򳤳Ƥܤ
˳ؤּȤ
䤿ʼǤ
ϲΤ˥֤򸫤Ƥ
ȵޤ鵷ʤǭư
ϥޥϥʸƤǤ
ŹǡͷǤߤλҤ̾򶵤Ƥ
ץȤλ餤ۤ䤴ոҲ𤹤ڡǤ

ƥեꤿ᡼륢ɥ쥹ɬפޤ
ɤϡ֤¿οͤȴưʬ礨21δȤܻؤ­ĺ뾦ʤŤ򿴤Ƥޤ

嵭ʸ˽ФפȤϡθ촶ǤϡʸΤۤ[]θͷΥƤơýɬפȤƤ롣⤷ۤθʤ顢դˡפȤǫ¾θǫ٤˹碌ƴɬפ롣Ūˤɤýܤɤϡ³ơ椬ʤܥ֥ɼԽˤؤνȤ

͡פλȤִ͡פξ

īؤƥ᡼ܥå򳫤ȡ椫飱Υ饷Ф褿˿ҤܵΤ۩

ΤǼפޤơδͤء±ʤɤѤɾĺƤޤܵ×ʾ̾ˤΤҲ򤵤ĺ⿽夲ޤ

ܸء±פФƤפղäƤʤΤˡפˤϡפղäƤȤˡŪХ󥹤ˡ“ŷٵ”ʤɤϡ´Ф롣ΤۤΤספλȤˤƱͤδĤǤ˸СҲ𤵤ĺ⿽夲ޤפŪʴ롣ΤդΤääꤷʸˤˤϡɤľɤĤΤ褦ˡ椬ʤܥ֥ɼԽˤؤνȤ

ڻֳ͡͡פȤ

ιäݼԤʼӹˤΤ

uīʹФƤ뾮ҡ֥롡ҡסMarch 3, 201230ˤˡ˾γʥȥꥢ͡ݼԡӹʤ椭ΤȤФƤءåեؤ˳ؤӡбijؽι桢ιʤɤƤ뵱ܤۡڡSayukiӹƱҤ˽񤤤Ƥ뼡ʸϤˤ“椬դ”Ȼפä׽ѤƤ


άʸɤȤⰭȤⴰ˼Ƥޤȡܤΰʸ򼺤äƤޤȤˤĤʤΤǤȤܤǽˤʤȻμϥϥξФ긫ޤʬʸ˺ơΰ̣طʤ褯ʬʤ褦ʳκפꤴȤݤȼƤΤϡȤƤ̯˴ޤȤ̲ιٳǡΰ̣طʤʬ餺Ϥο͡Ʀޤ򤷤ƤѤƤߤƤ̯ǤϤʤǤ礦ʸά

ӹϡ䵨ᴶˤˤʤ褦ͤˤäơܤʸΰǤʱѸ̤ơ˾Ҳ𤵤뤳ȤϿ򤷤פ

¼Τ˻פ³

1999ʿ11ǯ414˵ָһפˤ褦䤯夬դԡ30ˤ˻෺ꤷ᤮ۤη
¼Τ35ˤȤͤϡΩɤʿͤȻפˤ񤤤→ˡӤưƬǾ¤ʿšɤηƤƤϤޤ롣Ƚκݤθդˤ⡢¼οŤФʡīʹīˡ

֤äȻ෺ʤȤˤĤƹͤǺǤ13ǯ֤Ǥ
ְ²ȤƤѡ­Ƥޤ褷ơ줷ӤδϤޤ󡣡
־ԤʤƤʤȺ᤬äǡߤԼԤʤȻפ
ַȤͤ롣ϼ̿äƺʤФʤʤסľʤա
֡ϡ˴˻बꡢʬλ̤ƴ붲ݤ鼫ȤνŤߤȻפۤơĥäƻ෺ȸȳߤ

ɤθգĤäƤߤƤ⡢¼οʹ򶯤롣ˤʤäͼƤؤθաȤ櫓ءƻҤαʤˤȤؤδդθդ¼󤫤Τ褦ʹ줿

󤸤ƤȤˤȡ¼ϡʬ٤Ƥ줿Ⱥƺ¼Ϥޤ35С©ҤȸäƤ褤㤵ޤޤ줫οΤۤĹTwitter ʤɤˤϡƺƤȤϰճסȽ褬ФޤԤäߤäפʤɤȤ“ĿŪ”ʴϪդ⾯ʤʤä褦ͤϿͤ줾¼ξ¼󼫿Ȥ뤳ȤȤƤϡ˴ʤäʤ23Сˤϡä¼Τ줫¿äƤȻפޤĤ̿å줿ͼƤ⡢äȡѥޥޤͼƤΤ֤ޤǡäѤäѤ碌ˤʤäƥȡ“ܰΩɤʥѥ”ΤȤؤˤΤäƤΤǤϤʤȻפֱʤˤ֡פȤϡषƤʤͤ¿ꤦȤްդϤ顣

ʤߤˡ¼ϸäƤ롣

֤⤦١¤ߤοߤޤϼʬȲ²ˤʤ뤳ȡΤȤäΤǤϤʤơФäơʬο򤷤ä⤤ƤȤȻפȽ뤳ȤζڤǤϤʤդȤִ֤˻פФꡢͤꤷʤƤȻפ

θդɤǡϥꥹθŤפФϼΤ褦ʤΤĤˤȤͤƤȻפ

Living well is the best revenge.
ʤȤϺɤʤꡣ

21¼ϡ̶̲ͤ彣Τ˻ͽȸ

ˡ٤Ƚؤδؿιޤ˱ƶͿ뤳ȤǤȡäƤʤäǤܤΰĤȤơ𤷤Ƥ

ɤޤǤ⡢ͼƤؤƤͥפäƤ¼θդˡϡƬפ

¼Ĺ줷13ǯ֤Ǥ͡ʤζ줷ߤᤷˤ¬ΤʤΤäȻפޤʤˡ˵ڤܤ礭ʱƶȤ̤ϡʤ̾ȶˡĹˡˤ˹ޤƹԤȤǤ礦ʤΤ줫ο򹯤¿˷äޤ褦ˤȡʤοƤǯμԤΰͤȤơ鵧äƤޤ줰⤴

ˤ¿դ䤵ʤǤȽϿʤɤΩȲĶΤˤĤפȤ̾ȤˤޤפƤ…

ɤѤʿʹΤȡ

Yahoo News򸫤Ƥ顢֣пءϥ磻ǻ…ʻ˴׽ŽפȤФܤӹ褿ˤϼΤ褦ˤä

ڥ󥼥륹Ϻƥϥ磻Υǣ塢ιܿؤäƤȥХɥ졼˾͡λΤǡͤȤ±줿ʤ˴פŤäƼŤƤ롣
ϥǥˤȡؤϤȤˣФǡʡ²ǥϥ磻ˬ졢פžäǽ롢󤸤Ƥ롣ߥۥΥλۤǤϡͤλ̾пϤʤɤɽƤʤ

εɤϡ񤤤ԡʽ̾ˤϡΡܸΤ褯ʤͤʤΤȻפäȢζۤ褦Ƕ̤䤬ɮʤ餳ûˤϡܺ٤ǧȻפսȲýܤȻפսηףս꤬롣ĤΤ褦˲椬ʤܥ֥ɼԽˤؤνȤƤ

յ˴ʤäΤ̽ʡ򤪵ꤹ롣

Ϻʤ65Ф

saϺʤ65ФĤ񤯤ȤऻԤˤ뤬ǡܤ롣פΤο顢κʤڤˤҶƱͤǤƤơǽˤäƤ롣

ʤ˴ʤäƤ顢椬ȤϤĤϺʤ濴ưƤΤǤϤʤȻפȤ¿ʤäʷΤ衢īƤ̲ޤǡդƤʤ¸ߤռӼ촶˲ʤʡޤ⤷ʤꤲʤ˵褦ä¤ϲ椬Ȥï礭¸ߤ褦˻פʤɺʤ֤٤ʤä롣ΤȤˡˤ⡢ָΩפθ̤ꡢȤǵŤ

ڶǤϿʹ֤ʤ礦ܤʤ夦ܤʤܤΣĤγ̤ʬˤ줾ʤ礦礦ʤ夦礦ʤ礦ΣĤʬƶʤۤȤ뤬˴ʤϴְ㤤ʤʾäϻβ²ï⤬פǧȤԻ׵Ĥ̵ʤˤäȻפΤϡʲλ䤬жˤˤäο礭ʻǡ󣴣ǯκзθ塢ۤΤ鷺̤夲Ƥäl¤tϴְ㤤ΤʤȤʩʲλǤꡢˤǤ򺹤٤СäȲΩĻŻȻפơ漫λȼԤȤơˤϲ᤮ʤ򤳤˸ʤĤ路ƤäΤȡߤߤȻפ

ʤȤϡƵ٤ʤä顢Ϸ뺧衢˵򿵤ळȤ褿Ƣˤդ뤳ȤʤäǡפǤϤä¿פǤϤʤäǸǤ롣줬ޤʤؤλΰºɤξڤǤäξڤä뤳ȤǤƤʤ
ǰκʤ衢椬ҤˤȤäƤκǹ衢ФۤȤˤǤȤ

Love is eternally awake, never tired with labour, nor oppressed with affliction, nor discouraged by fear. Thomas a Kempis
  ϱʱܳФƤꡢ褷ϫ줺˰ݤ줺ޤݤ餺 ȥޥԥ

յ̤˺ʤ̴򸫤ȿȻˤФХǡȤ¡ʤκӤ˼ʬαźƤܳФơκפä

ʸؤȻ³

SҤȤ칶ϱѸءؤǤäʸؤˤⶽ̣ԤʤäǤϤäŪٶϤĤؤˤʸسʸسζʽȤ鷺ôĽ񤷡˥ΡȤ餻ʤʤä顢ȤƤϲȶʽŪɤʤΤߤä3ǯˤʤäաʸؤΥϥɥ֥åŪܤõƤơʤ 椭ʸػˡʱҡ37ǯǡ40ǯˤ˽йä֤Ϥˡפ˼Τ褦ˤä

άܽؤαѸ졦ʸزʤγΤˡޤ̶ζȤơ˹ϱʸؤˤ櫓ꤿȻפͤӤȤؤΰܤ̤褦˺Ƥ롣Ԥ¿ǯǤηи顢֡ǯιֵζȤƤޤȤޤΤĤ褦˹פƤ롣ˤĤƤ路ޤ¤줿ڡˡʤꤳޤޤǤˤ⿨줿Ĥ˸ʤ᤿Ȼפϴνܤ򻲹ͤˤ줿

ϡ֤פȻפäơԤȲ椬աɤȻפ˽F1Ƥ̤ٶλ򤷤䤬أǯ򽪤뺢ƱԤˤ⥢ꥫʸػˡʱҡ£ǯˤ줿Τǡդ褦ˤꤷرβǯɤرǤϡʸؤ͡ƣϺۤ ȤΩضˤйֻդȤƽй֤Ƥ줿ΤǡΤơǯ֡ΤȤʸؤؤʽC. Brooks & R. P. Warren: The Scope of Fiction (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts1960)äUnderstanding Fiction δʰǡ1943)ä褦ͤۤɤ̾ʱƺȤûԤ򥸥뤴Ȥ˽᤿ΤǡϤˤäơûԤ򤵡ɤʤɤΤäƺʤˡInterpretationɤꤷǤȤѰդƤꡢƺʤ̣ˡ٤γǧˡ񤤤ƤäĤ˿ڤܤä̿ʱաˤ˼̤äƤֱɮΥåȽǤơ1ǯ֤ǼäʤϤۤȤɤ߽褦

Ǥ⡢ꥫRing Lardner (1885–1933)ûHaircut ˳̤˶̣줿Ȥإ顼ɥʡûӽ١ʸҾʸѽˤꤷܤФƤ줿ΤǡϤꤷ顼ɥʡ򤵤ˡȤΤǡɹԤäƱˤHaircut, and Other Stories Ȥʸ̾źƤLardnerȤȤF2ȤȿʹΥݡĵԤäͤ顢ûԺȤˤʤäƤ⥹ݡĤˤΤ¿ä

αƶȡ칶Ȥͻ礷ΤʸǤRing Lardnerκʤ¿μʤ顢ꥫѸ˴ѻŪݼäˡꥫˤ륨ꥶ٥īαѸ̾Ĥʤߤˡإꥫʸػˡۡ1960ˤȤʸػˤƤ롣

䤬ˡؤǤˤʤꡢйֻդȤơϽءʿϸԡˤαʸʤDZѸˤʤɤôݤˡ夫ʤƤľܤ񤤤뤳ȤˤʤäΩؤǯ࿦ʤäФäȵƱDZʸػˤ֤Ƥ줿ֻչǽƤ路ݡʸػˡ١⥢ꥫʸػˡΣȱʸؤλաɤȤȤäƱΥ򤤤줾ˡΤ褦ʸդźƤä

ܽΤ褤PartnerȤʤȤɤ¸ޤ
                                         May 22, 1980

ФγرȤܤˤ뤳Ȥν褿ˤ򤦤줷¸ޤ
                                         May 22, 1980

ϻ䤬Ƥ񤤤ǯ1980ξ55ǯ1ˤˤϫإԥ륰ࡦե­ס ʾҡˤ尴Ƥ줿顢ˤ⥵򤤤ˤϼΤ褦ˤä

To Prof. K. Yamagishi
    It is very hard to be natural. R. Tagore
                                          Writ by Yukio Sase
                                                            May 22, 1980

ɤλͥθդ줿Τϡäιֱܤθդ˶ƤȡƤä30ǯǯФƤʤȤνв񤤤Ի׵ĤʡֱʤˤפäȻפͻΤηѤǤ줿褦ǡ䤫ˤ⡢ĤۤȤΩ￶񤤤ʤ롢Ωɤä羸

εѼϡʳߤʲ椬顣פȤդĤƤ롣椬褷򿶤֤äƤߤƤ⡢´롣䤬ϡ֤ͩƤƤޤ졢⤦ɤʤ⤳ˤϤʤƱͤΤȤȤƻ֤ɤΤ餤λ֤ƤΤϡʤ̿ȤˤΤ褷ʤޤǡ勞Ϸ򹯤ǤơޤǤˤڤؤȤŽ̤뾽䤬طѸ켭ǤȻפäƤ롣䤬ԻȰʳˤ⡢Υۡڡܥ֥̤ʸϤ񤯽ʤơƻʤ󤷤δݤʤΤġ

ڸ˴ؤƤϡθ塢Ȥ񤤤

ʸؤȻ³

J򽪤뺢饢ɤȥ󥰥ɤȤδطˤ˶̣Ĥ褦ˤʤäɤˤ˶̣Ĥȡ٤Ϥ줬ɿͤΥ󥰥ɤؤΰ̱ꥫؤΰ̱ʤɤˤȤꡢˤϥɱѸˤȤäP.W. Joyce: English As We Speak It in Ireland (1910) ¸ߤΤꡢवܤ褦ɤΤԤäƱϥɱѸΤˤɬȽ1ǤꡢˤȤäƤϥХ֥Ū¸ߤäκٶθ塢ɺGeorge Moore (1852-1933) ûԽThe Untilled Field ʡ̤ϡ١1903ˤ򸵤˺ä2ѱѸ춵ʽThe Wild GooseȬĬǼҡ1976ˡThe Exile And Other Short StoriesʸƲ1976ˤȤ˷뽸ξȤ⡢αסر綵ˡƣر綵ˤȤζƱȤäβƤƻ䤬Τäʺɤ֤̤λȤսȯˡ

θ塢Irish English American Englishפꤷͤ򥢥ɸ֥ס4ˤ˴ƤơꥫѸ˵ڤܤɱѸαƶ˸ڤǤϡ Charles Dickens1812-1870) 1842ǯ˥ꥫιԤݡܥȥΥۥƥǥ줿Right away?ΰ̣򤷤ͤ¤䡢ζ礬ĤϥɱѸ쵯餷Ȥ R.H. Thornton:
An American Glossary ˺ʤҲ𤷤Ƥ롣

ʡ֥إȤθաףˤˤϡ
ŷβΤΤȤ˴ꡢζȤ˻(To everything there is a season, and a time to every purpose under heaven.)Ȥ롣ޤǤο򿶤֤äơοˤۤɴ롣ؤ֤˻ꡢؤӤȤ褫˻¼ŵ±ѼŵԻȤ˽褦ˤʤäƤ顢㤤ɬˤʤäٶ椷̤Ĥ򤷤äȻ٤礭ʼͿƤ줿

ʤ櫓ǡͤǤ¿μԤ嵭褦ˡȤΤʥե륿̤ä褿ʸغʤ˶̣ɤ뽬Ȥդߤȴꤦ³

ʸؤȻ

ʸءʸؤ칶ʤʤä褦䤬̳ؤγزʤ“Ƹز”Ȥ̤̾ꡢʸؤ칶оݤˤƤʤܤȤƤαʸؤѰդƤ٤ĿŪˤϡʸءʤᡢѸʸءˤɤ칶äȤߤȻפȤΤʥե륿̤ä褿ʸغʤ򤸤äɤळȤϡʸϤդѸʸѸͤʪιͤΤɬܤΤȤ


伫Ȥϳ夫رˡ칶ȤƤϱѸءؤʸؤ̾ʺȤȤκʤϤۤȤɤʸ칶μȤˤ⤭ȽʤĿŪи˴ŤƸСʲ˵̤ꡢθζ̣͡ä˷פΤʤäͿƤ줿Τˤϡɤʸغʤ䡢򤹤뤿ˤҤ򤤤¿¿ͤʼ񡦻ͽत⤢äS

ͧͤΰͤJohn Milton (1608-1674)칶ƤȤ˻ɷ㤵줿ΤΤʤ̾ʽ
Paradise Lost ʡ֡ؼڱ١1667ˤϡ4ǯλޤǤˤϰ̤ɤȤϸäƤ⡢񡢤Ȥ櫓פ˴ؤμǡƤȤ⤢äơˤϽ礭ʺ򴶤ˤäơʸءбѸ򤹤ˤϥꥹȶؤοԲķȤȤ´κγؽǯα¼ŵ礤Ω“ÿ”ȤƷ¤뤳Ȥˤʤä

William Shakespeare (1564-1616) κʤΤ
Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth, King Lear ) ϤʤǮɤϡإԥδվޡ١ˡؽǶɡ1964ˤΤγذ̤򤪼ˤʤä¿αƶȻפԥȤʤ˰ͭפäԥʸˡE. A. Abbott: A Shakespearean Grammar (18)ä˼餽ǤФƤơϤवܤ褦ɤߡڤʤۤɲ٤ꥶ٥īαѸȸѸȤζŪʰ㤤򶵤Ƥ줿ΤƱä

ԥκʤǰûǤ
The Comedy of Erros ʡشְ㤤ĤŤ١ˤ“”Ȼפä䤬ָ٤Ķ롢٤Ķפΰ̣break the pale ȤѶФΤƱʡ21ˤˤƤbreak the pale ʤ٤Ķ롢٤Ķפΰ̣ˤʤΤ礤ʤ붽̣Фҵڤڻ˼Ρر缭ŵ٤OED Oxford English Dictionary ˤðǰ˰ˤäΤäΤpale ֡ʺѤä˹פȤ̣Ǥꡢɤthe English Pale ʥ󥰥ΰˤѤƤ뤽ǤȤȤäޤʸ̤ˤϡθפΰ̣Ǥbeyond the pale ʤ֡ݰ¤ʤɤ٤ĶפȤQ鳰ơ̵ˡפʤɡŪѤ褦ˤʤäΤؤ³ˡ

ñʥߥפǤΤǤ

Σȣ˾ɤϺīɲ줿˥塼֤Ϥ褦ҤפǡεɲضפȸäôήʽŵˡƱɤˤȡͼưƻǤΥ٥ȤҲ𤹤˥塼桢ߥǡƥѤ˺äƤΰĤήƤޤä餷

ƱΥ˥塼κǸˡʥ󥵡ͶƤǡΤ褦ʻ¤Ϥޤ󡣤ӤޤפȼպᤷƱɹǤ⡢ñʥߥǡΤ褦ʻ¤Ϥʤʤפ餷ºߤؤ̾ФƤΤ顢“ƲͶ”“ñʥߥ”դˤ“”᤮

˻ʤäɤ褦ʤΤΡǤʤСƱطԡʶˤˤȤäơΥ᡼򶲤ʤФʤʤʤäΤʤ“ƲͶ”ȸΤʤ顢ºߤءϸؤ̾ʤɤȤ鷺ˡεƥޥɰפȤǤ⤷ƤФ褫ä…

֤ơʤơ(Love me little, love me long.)Τ

love˿ǻǯͤߤʤ顢Ρ1946-2009) “ȥ꡼å”ΥޡǸäơʤפȤåԡä򤷤Ƥ֤ϥꥹθˤʤäƤ餷͡פȤʹ褿
̤ꥶ٥īΥꥹˤϤǤˤäLove me little, love me long. Τ˸СȤƤLove me little, love me long. ϡJohn Heywood (1497?-1580?) Ԥ˼ϿƤ롣̾ʷȥꥹȥեޡ(Christopher Marlowe; 1564-93)񤤤إޥ륿Υ͡(The Jew of Malta1589 or 1590) 46ˤФ롣
ˤ衢Love me little, love me long. ơʤˤȤɤʸȡ縶ҤȤ̾ͥȤΥܤ߽Фͥ줿ޡäȸ

յLove me little, and love me long.Τ褦³and ⤢롣

β˹Ԥä褿

J륱ΤĤԤ˿ۥƥβ˺Ԥä褿֤ƤΤ⤤ĤδʪپŹ־졣줫餤ĤΤ褦ƱŹۤĺʤ顢92ˤʤ“̼”äڤϺβäΰάˡ

ФϡǤ⤤Ω򤷤Ƥä뤫顢㤤ϡ֥ĤȤ⤢פäƤʸ礬Ԥä̼äǤ硩
“̼”Ǥʤɤ͡äϤäϡ
Фϲͤ礦Ǥä
“̼”錄11͡錄Ͼ夫2ܡȰֲΤդˤʤääΤ衣ȤϤߤʻ󤸤ä錄Τפä͡ޤ٤Ȥϰ٤ʤΤ衣ٰɤ͡ޤǤٰȤʤΤ衣
Ǥ⡢ĹʤϫäǤä硩ֲ֤Ƨ߱ۤơפäƤ褦ʴ…
“̼”ְʤĤפ͡͡ʤȤäͤ…

ȡޤĴҤ󤤤餷ǤˤϤʤФʤʤСȤϤäƲäή줬“”⡢μؤαᤤ92Фˤƥߥ˥ʰջ̡ˤοޤߤʤΤˤϤĤⴶ롣

βä˽ФĤȤ⤢פȤ֤Ƨ߱ۤפȤĤפȤȤäդΰ̣Ϻμ㤤ͤˤϤޤʤʬʥߥ˥ϡ“̼”ȻȤβäή򸫤ʬ褦ˡְĤΤˤϤϱDz̾ǡֲ֤Ƨ߱ۤơפǻϤޤΤ̾ϡιޤᡢ꤬ȯդΰ̣Ƥ򤭤뤳ȤȤƲǽˤʤΤ

ϤäڤߤȡĤپŹΩ롣⡢夵ϲ䤫Ȳ椬˴ʤΤȤˤƤƤϡλҶФƤ롣䤿ˤϤ줬ͭ񤯡Ĵ򤷤夵50Фä夵¡˴顢¡¾κʤΤȤ¾ͻȤϻפʤΤΤʤ

ⵢݤˤϡ䤿ʲ²ʵδʪ򤢤줳㤤夵󤫤ڤ¾“ڻ”򤿤󤤤˱ϤȤƤޥåä

ַס֤ס֤Ĥ뤮

Fujiͤǡֲ桹ϺĤ뤮ɤΩƤפȸäĤ뤮ɡˤϡ줬ʤɤΤȤȤʬä


ʤ󤬤ߤ͡פϡͭ̾ʤȤǤٻλλĺκǹ򤤤¾ܤˤϤλƱ̾ξ꤬㡧̳ƻ١ȳ١ˡߤʡǹĺȤ̣ФǤϡɶα߼ɶξ̤ΤȤ⤽Ƥ֡ŪˤϡỤ̄Sumoǡ꤮ͺפΤȤ顢ΩƤפȸС꤮ͺݤΩƤפȤȤˤʤ롣

ɤĤ뤮פȤɤिˡ˿ϡɤĤ뤮פȴְ㤨ƳФޤ޺˻äƤΤְ㤤ϡ񤫤줿ʸϤǤϡ줬פɽƤ¤ȯΤ褦ʤҤȤӡɤȤȯȡθɤϸ촶αԤͤưפ˵դƤޤ㤤䵭㤤ïˤǤ⤢뤳ȤҤȤӤΤȤդƤޤȡʬǤϤʤʤդʤ[դʤ]Τˤ⤽Τäơ뤤ФäƤ뤫Τʤ

ֻ֡פȡֻ

˽פȤܸ򸫤ơװΤȤˡפ뤫Ȥפ뤫Googleη̤СŪ¿οͤԤ롣ֻ˽פȡֻ˽פȤ򸡺˳ݤ̡Ԥ389,000 ҥåȤΤФơԤϲȣ路ҥåȤʤäϡλȤи11礦ɤʤ顢ɤפ롣

Τˡפˤפΰ̣뤷켭ŵˤ⤽񤤤Ƥ롣ĿŪˤΤ顢ȤȻסȤϰܤ椯ִŪʣפȤ褦ʶ̤˴ƤơĤĤȤʬƤޤĤޤꡢԤϡŪɤʤΤǤꡢԤϡŪɤʤΤȤǧƤ롣

 

   Googleη̤줾죳㤺ĵ󤲤Ƥ

 

ĥ. Ĵơλ֤˽Ƥ֤ˤ;͵äƤۤ

ǧ塢ĥꤷޤ ȤϽȯλ֤˽ꤪۤ

ϡλ֤˽ؤޤ꤯ 

 

ϼɼɼ˽񤫤줿λ˽Ƥλ᤮ȼϤǤޤ ...

ѥݡȤȤλþ᡼äλ˽عԤޤ
§Ȥơĥä˾ƤΤˤ⤫餺λ˽ˤäʤäϡ󥻥Ȥˤʤޤ

 

ĿŪˤϡ路ҥåȤʤäۤθĤޤפäƤ롣

 

ʤߤˡֳϡסֳϡפǸȡԤ 40,200,000 Ԥ1,550,000 郎줾ҥåȤξϸԤ򹥤ࡣ

ijפβΤΡͷ֡ɤplay

 bijפ˴ؤơΰͤ׽ϰʲ̤ꡣ

 

Ȥޤ衡١٤衡ȤޤפθĽαRest on them, circle them, / Circle them and rest on them.ȤʤäƤޤ֤פplayǤϤʤcircleƤƤΤϡ̤ͳΤǤ礦

 

ɤȤ˵ŤȻפܿͱѸؽԤʤ顢餯¿֡ͷ֡פplay򤢤Ƥֺ٤ͷӤǤפCome to play [Come and play ] at my house next Sunday.Ȥ褦ʱѸ񤤤äꤹ뷹Τ⡢ͷplayפȳФƤޤä̤ϡCome and visit me next Sunday. / Come and see me next Sunday. / Drop by my place next Sunday.ʤɡˡ

򼨤ơ⤦ͤʤˤǤ⤹˻䤬򼨤ȤΤϡر뷯Τˤʤʤ顣פȸäơ䤬playǤϤʤcircle ѤͳˤĤƤϡƱؤνȤʤ櫓ǡƱȤΥ¾αʤܥ֥ɼԽˤؤνȤ

֥ꥫͤϡġפȤ

ͤΰʸߥ˥ϢܤɤǤ롣ˡΰʸФ롣

ܿͤϤȤƤ⾮Ϥ˾ͤʤǡؿ˻̾Ͱ͸碌롣ơ̾ǧˤȤ롣Ͻҳ¿άˡȤꥫ̤ͤ˴طʤ褯Ȥ롣ѸˤϡΤ褦©򶯤ФʤФʤʤ¿ʰʲά

ΤˤϰȤƤꥫ̤ͤ˴طʤ褯ȤפȤΤϡΤ¤ꡢи¤Ǥʤ⤦ǽȤϽλǯ٣ǯֶ饹ΣĤˡꥫ˻αͤƱϡ饹ǰξ롼פ°ꥫͳˤ褯뤳Ȥβ϶ˤ¿äƱӤˡʹ֤Ʊ¤äƤȤޤǹԤäơƱ򷫤֤ƤʤФʤʤäμ褯ȤפΤǤϤʤä

ܿͤˤϡФСꥫͤפȡƤΥꥫͤؤƤ뤫Τ褦ʸ򤹤ͤ뤬ϾʸꥫͤȸäƤܿͤȸäƤˡ줳ʿͤ롣Ū˸äפȤĤ[]פȤαۤɤޤΤۤΤ

ڸﵭǤƱԤ̤νǰʲΤ褦˻ŦƤ뤳Ȥˡդʹ֤ν񤯤Ȥˤϡ̷⤬뤳Ȥġ

ܤλҶã򶵤Ωˤͤʣǡ¿ͤʥꥫͤ򡢴ñ˰̲ƾҲ𤹤뤳Ȥϡ򶵰򲡤ʤɤޥʥι򶵰¥ʤͤʤΤǡդΤ

ܸȸˡ˴ؤ

dϡرʽβˤκǽƬ䤬äͽα̳̾뤳ȤˤʤäƤΤǡξԤʤäФƤܤʸɤƻפ̾Ȥ2ǯ֤θ̤򤭤ȿǤʸž夲ƤŪˤϡAB󡢤줾ʸܸˣβýܤơܤκݤˤϤ򤭤褦

 

ܸ¿ܿͱˤȯΤäǼСA󤬺󥱡ĴμܸˤäΤ褦ʤΤ

 

ܸٶƤɤΤ餤ˤʤޤ

1ǯ̤1ǯʾ売ǯ̤2ǯʾ3ǯ̤3ǯʾ4ǯ̤

 

μˤ̤פλȤΤʡѡˤˤ˵դΤ褦ϤɤB󤬽񤤤ΤʻߡˤܤĽܸ줬Լ

 

ޤʤɤ¿̤ˤǤ

Τʲİ֤Τǡʹ塢̣Ϥ褯ʬäƤʤȸȤäƤⵤˤʤ빽Ǥ

 

ְ㤤ϡⱡǤϤʤѤäȤܸؼɤΤΤˤȯ줿A󤬡ѸͳΥʸ򤹤ݤˡ˵ڤǤ뤿˰Ѥػ1998ǯȯԡˤ㡧

 

֥ꥹȥס֥ϥסCMפʤɡñѤˤ륫ʸ䥢ե٥åȤѤơܿͤȼ˺ФʸѸȤ

 

ǰʤ顢ȤơΡɤȯǯʹߡܸطԤδ֤ǡˤʤ餺˺˻äƤΤäΤϡΰѤAθ̤ˤȸäƶڤܤƤϤʤȤäˡ˴ŤơѸɤ˴ؤʸ񤤤ʤ顢ŪˤߤƿﳲФƤ줬㤤Ԥδ֤ˡɤƤʤȤ򵧤롣ΤɤʤְäƤ뤫ĤΤ褦ˡΥʤܥ֥ɼԡˤؤνȤ

յۡѸפ˴ؤƤϡ䤬ط±ѼŵΡѸפιˤʤΥڡݤƤ롣

Eric Partridge: Comic Alphabets (1961) Τ

pêҶˤƤäEric PartridgeComic Alphabets: Their Origin, Development, Nature Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1961)˵פ˼򿭤Ф445ǯأǯκˡĤ˿ŹäΤPartridge (1894-1979) ȸС¯켭ŵκǹ˰֤A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional Englishʽ 1937ˤԻͤȤΤƤ䤬κˤϤǤˡޤǤ1ܤ2ܤȤʤäƤ夫ر˳ݤơƱˤϷפΤʤۤäˤʤäޤԤˤϲ٤修̤¯˴ؤ붵𤦤ΤӤˡǫֻä

Partridge ܤ򤽤ȻפäơƱäΤäľʤȤλαѸϤǤƱƤȾʬۤɤڤळȤǤʤäդ򤵤ʬä褦ʵ

ˡǤ򤤤ȻפǤ롣J H LȤ˥ An Alphabet (1871) Ȥܤ񤤤ͤ˸ڤĽƱ΢ɽˤϼΤ褦˵Ƥ餷ä

A Beautiful Collection, Delightfully
Etched, Finely Grouped, Highly
Imaginative, Jestingly Knavish,
Ludicrously Mischievous, Notably
Odd, Peculiarly Queer, Recreative,
Sensational, Tittering, Unquestionably
Volatile, Whimsically XYZite.

ȡƸƬ˥ե٥åȤޤǤ缡äƱƤʷƤΤ褦ȤƼԤפ롣κλǽϤǡߤʤɤǤϤʤäơʤɤȹͤƤߤѸǤϡޤǤ꤯¤٤ƤΤ顢ܸǤⲿ餫̤ʹפܤʤ̣ϽФʤΤ˾֤ݤꤽäƤߤ褦椬ʤܥ֥ɼԡˤˤ⴫᤿

ʤҤ礦ġˡդβΡפαξ

ʤҤ礦ġפȤϡ¾ͤκʡʸ򤢤⼫ʬΤΤΤ褦äƸɽ뤳פǤ롣ѸǤplagiarism ȤפˡɤΤȤڤֶĤºפξϻαȲѡɤΤäڤդβΡפξϡΣ֤αˤϤΤޤޤˤơ3֤Ȥïʬ򾡼ղäƸɽƤΤˡˤ룱֤αȡïˤ룳֤αȤӤаλۤʤ롣ĤޤۼͤˤΤ餷줬ǤʤΤǡΤȤλäƹԤʬʤΤȤܤβΡʤȤ櫓ƸءΡˤαȤڤǤ뤬αĹǡȤˤܤԤäơȯΤۤˤ㤬ġ

յˤϥƥإ󹻤βڤ(Michael J. Holderer֤ȤפѤơܡʿ͡ˤβΤÿͤƤ뤬ˡ䤬ͤ˾ޤΤˤʤ뤬ΰѤϡѸȤͤˤѤΤǤ뤳ȼƤȸäƤ褤
յ̾ŬڤɽƤ㡧ֻ͵βΡסζʤդ뤵ȡססΤܤסƤΥסʤߤפ¾ά

ʤҤ礦ġˡֶĤºפαξ

ܤβΤ̸Ƥ롣ΰѡѤäƤξϡ̾ʻλ̾ˤɽ뤳פȤäΤȤǤ롣ΤȤξǤɽƤ롣ˤϤ̵뤹ɤ̵ǤDzѡͤʤ颪ȡ⤿ޤޡĤºפΡѾɤåƤȤʲ˼褦Ĥäʽ񤤤ܿͤλ̾ϥɥ͡ʬʤˡθѤƤ뤬αȤˤʤäƤ뤳Ȥϰ;ˤ©ʤ

ˤϤȻפɤäơȤϾۤʤäƤĽ꤬뤫顢ɤäƤ⡢ˤȽǤĤ԰٤餫סҤ礦
plagiarismǤꡢޤʤˡ԰Ǥ롣ΤȤͤϢΤ褦ʤΤŴѤƤ뤬ΤȼǤɬפФ뤫Τʤ

Ϥۤ
1Ǥ롣αϤǤ¿οͤˤ¸ߤΤäƤ餤Ȼפäư̸ƤϤ뤬ѤλDzǤʤʲˡΡɤɤۤʤΤ롣޻񤭤θμʸιԤսǤꡢпԤˤѤֻǼԤλαԤˤ޻񤭤δְ㤤⤽Τޤޤˤ


Aogeba Totoshi (Song of Gratitude)


Aogeba toutoshi wagashi no on
How fast time flies, I cannot believe how quickly the moments have passed,

and how deeply indebted we feel to our teachers

How fast time flies, I can't believe how quickly the moments have passed.    


Oshie no niwa ni mo hayaiku tose
The precious years have come and gone, too soon, here with you in our

"garden of learning"

The precious years have come and gone, too soon, here with you.

Omoeba itotoshi kono toshi tsuki

We have learned from you the right way to do what must be done
I've learned from you the right way to do what must be done.


Imakoso wakareme, iza saraba.

And now is the time to say farewell with an eternally grateful heart.

Now is the time to say farewell, with an eternally grateful heart.


Tagai ni mutsu mishi higoro no on
How close and deep our ties have become
How close and deep our connection has continued to be.

Wakaruru nochinimo yayo, wasuruna
I will always remember your teaching and carry your wisdom throughout my life
I will always remember your teaching and carry your wisdom through my life


Mi wo tatte, na wo age, yayo, hageme yo
And I will always throw out my chest and keep my head held high

And will always throw out my chest and keep my head held high.
.

Imakoso wakareme, iza, saraba.
Now is the time to say farewell with an eternally grateful heart.

Now is the time to say farewell, with an eternally grateful heart.


Asayuu nareshini, manabi no mado
How hard I worked in the classroom from dawn to dusk with you

How hard I worked from dawn to dusk in the classroom with you.

Horaru no tomoshibi, tsumu shirayuki
The season when the fireflies sparkled and the season when the snow piled high

Today I will go out to the world and make a differene there 

Wasururuma sonaki, yuku toshitsuki
And I will never forget the wonderful things I learned from you

And will never forget all the wonderful things I  have learned from you.


Imakoso wakareme, iza saraba.

Now is the time to say farewell with an eternally grateful heart.
Now is the time to say farewell, with an eternally grateful heart.

 ʤȤ󥿡ͥåȤλˤϡȤ¿ߤְѡ(citation)Υ롼ꤿΤ

յۤʢۤˤǤϡֶĤºפλ򤽤ΤޤѽսѤפʲսϺƤ롣ޤˡ
Goodbye Kalayaan National High School.Goodbye high school life. Congratulations!!!Thank You!!! ղäƤ롣եԥ󤫤ɤι⹻´ȼ餷1ѸǤ񤤤ƤѤ˺ݤƤΥ롼˽äƤ줵СԤȤƤλϡǤѤǤ뤳Ȥ줿褦ǡष򤷤ȤʤΤѤλľʤȤ

ڸۤθ塢2֤긶˶᤯ؤˤ衢嵭ΡɤѤʤ

ΡΤפ

kΤϡѸʸ鸫ȡ礤ˡŪɤʲΤΣĤȻפȤƸСѸʸǤϡΤɤ˵ᴶʹʬΤʬˤȰǤɤȤʤ

Ρ䤬ˡؤ˶̳ݸήѰ̳ƤΤȤsǯΤȤˤʤꥹΥեɤ褿ҳA󤬻ΤȤä򤷤Ƥơۥȥեߥ꡼Τǡ櫓Τ狼ʤ椦뤵ĤƤ̲ʤƺҤ٤ȤääʹȡΤФ󤬡ơɤݤơߤƹԤäΤ餷äϡܿͤȵᴶΤȤøǤФ餯ȹֵɤʤФʤʤäʤʤߤˡƱνҳϡɤ⤦뤵ȸäƤˡ

ȴϢդơΤ򰦤Ǥ뽬ʤȤäơβΤƤ⡢Ѹο͡򤷤Ƥ館ʤȤȡʤȤϤʤϤषȰۼʤʪɤؤζ̣ͯƤơڤʹΤäꤷƤ館ΤȻפ

ڸﵭۺǶǤϡΤɤڤ೰ͤ褦ʲˤȤʡɡˤˡɤ˼椫줿餷ѹ͡Birmingham߽ˤ㤬뤬ʤʤܳŪ

turtletortoise

uƸءȤפα򸫤´ΰ͡رѸ춵ˤ᡼äʲϼ׽Ǥ롣

ϡ֤ȤפΡ֤פturtleƤޤturtleϳǡƸؤ˽Ф뤫ΦǤ顢tortoiseǤϤʤǤ礦

줬ܤαѸؽԡդδ֤˹ޤäƤturtletortoise ΰ㤤ΰŪϤϤɤ餫ȸХꥹѸƤϤޤΤåʪξ The Hare and the Tortoise ΤƤ롣
äݤꥫѸǡפɽ̸turtleǤꡢܿͤȡˡפȸΤ˻Ƥ롣פȸˤϡsea turtle Ȥtortoise ϡΦסʤø夬ˤؤƤ롣αϸ§ȤƥꥫѸˡ˽äƤΤǡ̸ȤƤturtle ѤƤ롣ʤߤˡФХڥåȤȤƻterrapin ȸƤФø奬⤤ʰϿѤǤ⤢äˡʤȤƱֻȤ

Ρijפ

mΡijפˡΤƸؤӤˡĤäΤۤФǮ롣ΤϱѸˤƲΤäƤϤڤ ʡijפ˴ؤƶֺ̣¤äΤǰɤ򤪴᤹롨

ƸءֶϺפ

align=leftޤ꤫ĤǡϺޤˤޤꡡޤΤϥɥɥϥɥɥϥɥɥϥɥɥסƸءϺפβλǤ롣ñܸǤʤ䤽ˡ˥ꥺ˾褦˱ΤϰϫϥɥɥϥɥɥפѸGiddy-up, giddy-up, trot, trot, trot! ʤȤʤcharger Ȥ⤳βΤˤϤоꤦα򤤤ĤΤ褦˻Υۡڡ˷ǺܤΤǤвΤäƤߤƤˡGiddy-up, giddy-up, trot, trot, trot!ΤǤ⸵Ф뤫Τʤġ

԰¤פȤ

ɤ԰¤פȤɤǤƤۤȤï⿮ʤ顢⤽ȤǸʤºݤΤȤGoogle˳ݤƤ50,100,000 ΥҥåȤ롣3󤲤Ƥ

äȤ⡢ʬοͤϡñˤ԰¤Ȼפޤ׹ͤϡʬǤϤʤʤդˤΡ
ͳǤĹιˤʤȲԤɤʤΤԤƤ褦԰¤
Ȥλ֤äƤޤǹԤȤ⡢ʤ󤫸ΤǽĤ ԰¤

θϡäǤϻȤȤ뤬񤯻ϡ̡԰¤Фס԰¤ס԰¤˻פס԰¤Ǥפʤɡ̤θŬǻȤäƤ롣

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