2013ǯ11

إѡ󥫡/±ѼŵβϼԤ롣(³

إѡ󥫡٤뤤ϡإߥ٤ȤäƤäƤϤǤ⹻̼Ҳ͡͡ѸԤʤɡʤۤ¿ƱŵȤäƤäƤȻפޤΤոۤ˳ؤ֤Ȥ¿ȻפޤỤ̄ǤΥ󥫡ե󡢥ߥեˤ뤴ոۤϪƤäƤ⤫ޤޤŪϤȯƤǤ⤫ޤޤ󡣳ظȯԤαѸ켭ʾˤäƤϹ켭ˤǮɡǤɤμ¸ˤϤߤޤ󤫡ȶڸڡǯ̤ʤɤȤ֤Ȥ˼줺ͳãʰոФäơιʸŪȯŸ˹׸ޤ󤫡Ѹ칥βμؤ󥫡¡±ѤѸˤĤפȤåɤΩƤơƱŵѸƤƤäƤ⤫ޤޤ󡣻䤬󾧤Ƥɤδ顢μפƤäƤ⤫ޤޤ󡣡ȱѸʸΥɡɤ䤹פꤷơꥹȶȱѸȤδط˴ŤާƤäƤ⤫ޤޤ󡣡󥫡˽ФƤ˴ؤ뵭פˤĤƥåɤΩƤƤꡢεҤƤäƤ⤫ޤޤ󡣡ߥθˤĤפŦäƤ⤫ޤޤ󡣡󥫡ߥʸˡŪ˴ؤͻפꤷơŪͤϪƤäƤ⤫ޤޤ줳ȤҡҤоݤˤʤޤ椫顢ϼԡƼɮԡäͥϡԽءƽԤʤɤȴظǼԽ˻䤫ǤäƤ夲ȻפäƤޤ

ѼԤΩ줫ɡԤΩءѼԤȤưŪΩ줫ƳԤȤǽưŪΩؼѤȶ˼˹׸Ƥߤޤ󤫡ǯǸŵˤʤޤǤ¼ջξǮ˰ݤʳΩޤջϼΤ褦˸äƤޤ

ĻȤ뤲ơ
ʤС桹ޤ줿

ܤ򾯤ʤȤ
ʤǤϤޤ󤫡


ܷǼĤˬƲˤϡ¼ջΤΡǮۤɤˤƱϤäȻפޤΡǮۤɡǮĬ̴֤ˡɻˤϢʻˡʼȯƤޤ礦椬αѸ춵Τˡġ

Ce sont les passions qui font et qui defont tout. Fontenelle
٤٤Ǯʤꡣեȥͥ

ոإ󥫡¼ŵ٤Խ紴Ű̾ˤϡޤǸή̵äˡؤ˴ؤγŪӤ˻Ūˤ꤯äơ򤴰Ѿޤ⤽Τɤʤˤͥ줿ˡƱ褦˻ѾȻפäƤޤޤ10ǯ䤽פǤ褤ŪŪ˼ͳʤʤäƤǤ٤ޤΤǡ餽ν򤷤ƤȻפޤ

֤ޡפȤ

Υߤ˽°˻ҳѷǼĤˡؤμȤƼΤ褦ʤȤ񤤤

ȤμβضʤİƤݤˡפȤ줬ꡢޤʹȤΤʤɽǤäĴ٤ޤפϡۡסżפȽ񤭡롢Ťޤ꤫äƤȤ̣ǤΤޤդˡפȤäɽޤǤ礦

ʤɡפȤʹȡˡߤפȤΤΡΤߤʷʤˡ᤭ɤĤġ¤ϤᤰסȤսפФפȤϡ []ʡżˡʡ֡ˡפȤȤʸ츻¾ˤ⤢뤬ϤβΤˡäơż֤ˡפϤʤȤ¿֤Ǥ⤽ƤνϤʤߤˡλҺжˡĤפȤΤж̿200101ˤ夫龼»ˤƳդDzȤγ޾ϲʤޤĤκʤˤΤפꤷΤ롣

إѡ󥫡/±ѼŵβϼԤ롣

SA4إѡ󥫡¼ŵ١إѡ󥫡±Ѽŵ١إ󥫡ߥ¼ŵβɤΤζϼԤޤ


ˤ嵭ŵեγؤΤꤤǤĹǯˤ錄äƾ嵭ŵԽ紴̳ޤˤϡѸ켭񹥤ʳعΤ鷺ˡѸ츦ԡʳؼԡر鷺ˡѸ컨طԡ̼Ҳͤ͡뤳ȤΤäƤޤǾ嵭ŵΥեԡϼԤ򹭤̤˵ᡢոۡɡŪʸޤˤ濴ˡ͡ʹͤŪոͳã˸򴹤Ƥߤ褦ȻפΩޤʡظDZѸ켭Ǽפ̿̾ŪϾ嵭ŵβͭפʾ뤳ȤǤˡƤ줬Ū̩ܤ˴طƤޤ嵭ŵݤˤϤȯȻפäƤޤƤФظǼԽλϤǤ˼äƤޤΤͥ줿򡦱ѸϡƼɮϤ򤪻ȯǤС䤬ǤäƱԽˤҲ𿽤夲ޤθ塢ȶ˾嵭ŵβ˴طƤĤǤκݡäͥˤϡƽԽѰȤƤνͤƤޤϰʲ̤Ǥ

saje̾ϥɥ͡ϰԲĤǤäơˡֻ̾ǯʼɮӤΥХ󥹤뤿ɬפʾˡꡦǽ򡦳ذ̡ʳʾˡ̳رʤɤϳǯˡ̡Teaching Assistant, Research Assistantޤˡ׶ӡʳ´ʸʸޤˡ᡼륢ɥ쥹Ѹ/TOEIC/TOEFL/IELTS(϶ǤϤʤȤͭסˡ嵭ŵȤδؤŪѼԤǤġˡפɬƤޤ

Ԥǯ̡Ҥ䤤ޤ󤬡ʤͤξϱѸȤܸ줬ήĪ˸¤ޤпȹΥХ󥹤뤿˹ˡĹ³Τǡ椬α¡±Ѽŵʹ켭ŵޤƤ⤫ޤޤˤȯŸ򿴤ꤦǮդ¤ߤΤǤϾ嵭Ѹ켭ŵʵڤӳظǤȯԤι켭ŵˤ濴Ǥäơ¾ҤαѸ켭ŵطԡԽءɮԤ̾Ƥˤˤϸ§ȤƤθޤ

ƱǼġʥѥɤ졨̸̵ˤǤϷ褷ƹԤ鷺¾ŵεҤ˸ڤϾ˵ҴŪŪʽ򤷡ɬƤ򼨤餷ĺʤϲϿ¨פޤ

ϿʳȤƤϻؤΥ᡼ǹԤäƤ(ˡκݡΥץեߥAmazon䤫λʥѥդˤԤäơƱǼĤѤꡢ̤˥åɤΩƤơͳˤո򤪽Ҥ٤ʲϿ򤤤Υץեϻ䤬Τޤ޷Ǽž̤Ƥޤˡʤ줽¾ʳΥѥѤ硢Ѹɬ֥ȡפƤ

Ͼ˭ʿͺȯ뤳ȤŪȤƷǼĤ줷ޤΤǡ񤭹ߤϽʤޤäơޤؤθĿŪ䡦䤤碌Ϥθ


ʾǤǤϡԤƤޤϢ@yahoo.co.jpyamakatsuei֤ΤǤʿ25[2013]ǯ1129

ڸ۸ߡ罸ڤäƤޤϤ򤢤꤬Ȥޤʿ26[2014ǯ69

˺Ƥʸȸդξɤξ

mϵܾ븩̱ءΩפˡ򸫤椬ˤȤäơ1֤5֤ޤǡޤܸΰ̣餷ԲIJʤΤ餷äͤνҳѷǼĤ˽񤤤Ѥʤظդξ٤ΰ̣뤳ȤǤĴ٤ݤˡظѤΡ٤ȤäȤ龦Ȥạ̈ǤȤäƤޤޤפȡ

դξޤվʤޤɱϡ־οդ2ܤǤΤФơ2.5ܤ5ܤȤ餽̾롣ʸħͺƱ礬ɤȾפȸƤФʤǽǤǤ⾾ȴˤΩʤȾפ֤ߡݡȶ˾ϡɤ롣ޤäȺĥʡ¹˱ˡʡϷˤΤʤܿͤΤۤȤï⤬ΤäƤμcf.Фknowledge˴ؤ򺣤μԤϤޤǶƤʤοƤ¿Ʊ

줿ܸΰ̣褯ǤʤСѸľʤɤȤȹ⾰ʤȡɤϤʤޤȤʬʤСѸ줬äƤʸɤȯǤʤѸؽ褷βܤ⼫ʸٶƤΤѸ1ʼԤǡȹȻʤäƤΥKˤƤ⡢ܤ̱ءƸءΤ뤳Ȥ礭ʺ򴶤ƤΤġ

¤˽Фknowledgeμפˤ롣ĤޤꡢܸΡμפʪˤĤΤäƤ뤳סʡإѡ缭ӡ١Τ뤳ȡǧ򤹤뤳סʡإǥ缭١ˤȤΤФơѸknowledgeи(experience)̤ơؤӿȤդ(learning)褯򤷤Ƥ뤳(understanding)Τ嵭Ǹʤ顢־פȤڤܿͤɤΤ褦ªȾפȤξ(information)ŪˤɤΤ褦˳ѤƤ뤫褯򤷤Ƥ뤳ȤѸǸknowledgeʤΤ顢ܸǸʪˤĤΤäƤ뤳ȤפȤΤ뤳ȡǧ򤹤뤳פȤŪɽŪˤϽʤ

ǯ٤ϥ

be椬ƸزʤǤǯ11ܤˡǯ٥פ»ܤƶʬΥߤؤμִ˾Ԥμդ򳫻Ϥ롣ƥߤ15̾ȤȤˤʤäƤ롣TOEICϢΥߤ͵Τ褦ǡ˿ʤɡ˾Ԥ̾⤤ʹȴѤ
ϼϢΥߤ»ܤƤꡢ˾Ԥϡ¿3̾ʤǣ̾ȤȤǯ򸷤ǯ˾Ԥ1̾ʽҳˤäȸΤϡѸʾ塢TOEIC700ʾפȤΤʲαѸϤʤɤȤ礽줿ꤤʤɻʤܿͤοȤΤȻפʹ֡ϤǤϤɤ褦ʤʬ롣
ǯ⤽ξ򥼥dzͽۤ줿ȤΥߤؤϰ̾αԤʤäĤޤǯϡŹٶɤƸزʤǤư衢࿦ǯˡƤΡ̵ɤǯ٤Υ˰ͤѸ顦ȡʹȡ˻ʼԤޤý˲椬Ƹز´ȸ塢ʥؤǸؤؤرͤꡢξԤȤǯ٤ýȤƻβٶ³뤬ۤˤ⻰̾ǯΥ³ĤΤǡν椬ؤǤλκǸΥȤĤѸ顦ȡʹȡ˻ʼԤK⡢رOβdzؤӤȸΤʰջפäơ¿ؤ椫椬ؤǤ줿ͤȤԤλƤ¸ߤ

μknowledgeΰ㤤ϡ

ܸǡμפȸСƤοͤʪˤĤΤäƤ뤳סʡإѡ缭ӡ١Τ뤳ȡǧ򤹤뤳סʡإǥ缭١ˤפˡʪˤĤǧ򤷤Ƥ뤳Ȥ򤤤ܸѸϡȿҤͤСޤƤαѸؽԤknowledgeˤǽʬĤΤ褦˻ΥýʤӰɼԡˤؤνȤƤΤǡĴ٤ƤߤƤۤμknowledgeפñľǤʤʬʬΩɤ

عΡȥޥɥʡɤؤΡĤ

mꥫΥ㡼ʥꥹȡץǥ塼ȤǤäAndy Frost (1919-2011)򤤤ȤäȤ롣Ive learned that life is like a roll of toilet paper; the closer you get to the end, the faster it goes.ϤޤǤ˿ϥȥΥڡѡΤ褦ʤΤȤȤؤˤʤФʤۤɡ̵ʤ®٤Τ


եȤθդˤϼΤʤĤޤǡʬǯʤɤޤ굤ˤȤϤʤäؤδطԤޤ᤿οͤ࿦ޤǤϤȣǯȤȡäơϸŵ˶ᤤǯˤʤäƤȤȤǤⵤŤƤ롣

ʻ˲ξعǯλʤ٤碌MS󤫤᡼äİơǡդʽλҤä䤬̤äعǤϤޤˡȥޥɥʡɤä̩ƴƤĤɤǽ䍸ߤäθ塢ϾȤ̤ο⤤ϤȸСع´ȸ塢뺧ͤλҶ˷äޤ줿36ФλΥθ塢ͤ˿̾ۥƥŲһˤˤʤäۥƥ˽ǸϤμۿͤޤ̳ơϸζäƤ롣¹ˤäޤơͪŬɤΤФ

ΡȥޥɥʡɤǯƤ70Фˡɤ򼹤ԤΤǡˡͧɽɤȤơĤɤɤǤۤȸä褿ĤȤ2ǯ򽪤ƾư衢٤äȤʤǯäޤޡζλΥۡڡˡȲ̾ɤäΤǡ񿴤ȲȤϢƤߤ顢ͽۤɤꡢͤäΥ塢äƤȽȤä⤦55ǯäȤʤȥͧɤ³ƤʤȸäƤ⡢ۤλޤˡ

ǤС򵷡ɤ˻󤷤ơĤɤɤ߾夲Ƥ餤ФˤʤäƤκƲѤΤǡɤΤǥ᡼ǤǤ⤽äߤȸϤ񤯤Ȥˤ

ۤ΢ˤϡ55ǯΤΡϤϡȥ塼ȤʡMS󤷤ʤΤMSȡ٤Ȳ񤦤ȤϤʤʤ٤碌ơٶʤɤޤǼˤĤʤۤɡɥɥ⤸⤸ȾʾΤۤФ˷Ĥ롣󡢻䤬³ºɤ³Τϡۤʤ˴ʡҤľʤȤMSؤΡĤɤ񤱤뤳Ȥ⿴ᤷǡɤǤϤʤȴǡɤ롣عΡȥޥɥʡɤοˡͧɽɤȤơۤʤ̤λǤ줿˴ʤšɤνʤ顢MSϡưɤνä

Ρֵ֡פ

ΥߤǤ轵ʤȤƽФƤʸʾΡֵ֡פ갷äʤΥƥݤ®Τǡ˾ѸͤФΤˡϤߤʶϫ褦α˷ǤƤ


ϻ桡
Ŵ(Ƥä礦)Ϥ뤾
פ̵֤ȥͥ
()̤äƹ(ҤΤϤ)


󤯤˸¼β
᤯˸Įθ
ӤĤȪ
()ظؤǹԤ


(ޤ)(Ȥ)β()(褦)
()ʿΤ⤷
ȤƤΤ̴֤
᤯᤮Τ(夦)

    
轵ڰտ졦ϺΡӾηפ갷ֽչϰβ֤αġפǻϤޤ롢̾ʤ

桦ڴط˴ؤ볰Ĵη

ܤ926106ޤǡ˽3,000ͤоݤ˸ǡĴͭΨ61ԤäˤСˡƤߤ򴶤ʤפܿͤ80.7⤤ޤطˤĤƤ910ɹȻפʤפȤˡڹ˴ؤƤϡ580Ƥߤ򴶤ʤפڴطˤĤƤ760ɹȤϻפʤפȤ

äݤƹȤδطˤĤƤ83.8ܿͤɹȻפפ83.1Ƥߤ򴶤פƤ롣ФƤ60.4ܿͤϡƤߤ򴶤פƤꡢǹˤʤäܿϼ꽢Ǥ衢11֤ϢASEAN˲10ƤˬASEANŻλӤƤ롣

˸碌Сο϶ˤƼ֤ФƤФ˿礭ʤ뤫Τʤ󥿡ͥåȻˤʤꡢ嵭ð2񤬲椬ФƼä褿ս硢ˡ¤ԻɡȽְءνíܤ֤꤬ޤǡȼԻ˴ѡɤ˴Ťܤ졢٤褿ܿͤΤȤȤʤϤ᤿̤ȸäƤ褤ʽŵХ˥塼2013.11.23 17:00ˡ

֤ơפΰ̣ˡ

Υߤ˽°3ǯΰͤرOK˸ڤơѷǼĤ˼Τ褦˽񤤤OK37Фǡؤȥʥؤ2´ȤƤͥر

ƤϻΡֿƿפäƤΤ褦餷ĶޤȤ˺줺ˡٳؤФѶʻĤҤȤǫˡOKۤɤιͻ褦錄ȤƤʿ餱ʤ褦ؤƻޤ

ϡOKۤɤιͻ褦פȤսΡפȤǤϡѶʻפȤɽ¾ԼˤϸڤʤǤ촶αԤɼԽˤϤ˻ΰտޤʬ꤫Τʤˡϸ3ǯ37Фͥڤ˸ڤѤΤȤƤŬڤϡʬǤϤʤʤȤס­ǤϤʤǤסΤȤפȤ̣Ǥ롣äơڤ3ǯ178Фǯΰ㤦ڤ˸ڤƾ嵭Τ褦Ѥ򤹤ΤϼδȤʤ½ȸƤ褤ΤޤޤǤϡ [Ǿ]OKιͻǤ褦ˤʤꤿפȤ̣ˤʤꡢOKθΥ٥᤹ܶ뤳ȤϤۤ񤷤ȤǤϤʤȤޤߤФƤޤOK­˵ڤ֤餤ιͻǤ褦ˤʤꤿפȸΤʤϤʤ

ڸﵭ嵭ǯγθ塢ѷǼĤ˼Τ褦˽񤤤
Υ֥ҸޤơפȤˤɤΤ褦ʶޤޤƤΤΤޤOKؤȤƤ⼺ʪ򤷤ƤȵŤޤȤ˾𤱤ʤפäƤޤĤҤȤĤθդ˼طʻפ򤵤ƤޤȤȤͤޤȡ˸դҴǤʤФʤʤ¸ޤ

ܾ븩̱ء֤Ωפ

ܾ븩̱ؤΣĤˡפȤ̱̾ؤ롣ʲ˼褦ˡꤷƹԤ㤤ʡ²ȤȤαڤ뤿αɤʸȤäƤ⡢ܸȱ椫򴶤롣ܾ븩礹̣DZˡ

ޤΩ  ̾Ĥꤪ
̾Ĥ𤱤 ߼


ޤ뤫
  Ȥڤ

Ϥ٤ʤ ̤褦

  ŷ褤

ʡ

ܽ٤줷
  פȳ𤦤

դξ

ܽ٤Ǥ
  㾾ޤ

ޤɤ դˤ


pittance ȤΤȡ

֤鷺ʶ⡢Ϥ⡢ȤޡɡפΤȤѸǤ a mere pittance ȸʤۤˤ⤤ʸ뤬ġˡpittance ʢƥ pitātem =pity) ȤϡѸǤϡ֡Τơˤ鷺[ơ]פΰ̣Ѥ뤬Ȥȡ֡ƻʤɤؤפʤ pious donation ΰ̣äΤΥ衼åѤǤϡͤϼʬλ˺ݤơƻʤɤ˼ʬΰ仺ʤۤǤϡԡʤʼԤΡ˼ǯפ䡢ƻνưѤȤƾ񤷤ΤȤʤ顢Ťͤ뤴ȤˡĹϸƤ줬ǽŪˤϸΰ̣ˡ֤ơɤޤäΤ

Let the cobbler stick to his last.ΰ̣ˡ

θTime and tide wait for no man.³ơܸˡˤʤҲ𤷤褦긵ŻҼcobbler򸫤ȡLet the cobbler stick to his last.ȤˡԸշϷΥ줵ʡԼʬλŻ[ʬ]ǰפȤʸ᤬դƤ롣ʸǤϡθŪˡʬʤMcGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs Ǥ򸫤ȡDo not advise someone in matters outside your area of expertise. (ʬʳΤȤ¾ͤ𤹤)ȤꡢWhenever Ted, who is a lawyer, tried to give Bob suggestions about how to write his novel, Bob would say, "Let the cobbler stick to his last. Bill: I don't think you should put so much oregano in the spaghetti sauce.Nancy: You're a construction worker, not a chef. Let the cobbler stick to his last.2㤬ϿƤ롣ܸľС۸ΤΥƥåɤܥ֤񤯾ˤ줳ոϤĤ⡢ܥ֤ϡߤ߲ǤƤɤȸäӥ롧֥ѥƥˤϤʤ˥쥬ΤʤۤȻפɡסʥ󥷡֤ʤϷ۲Ǥ硢դʤơ߲߲ǤơɤơˤΤ褦ˤʤ롣2㤫ʬ褦ˡ嵭ŵˤϷΥ줵ʡԼʬλŻ[ʬ]ǰפǤϲΤȤʬʤΤ褦ˤơܿͱѸؽԤѸ켭θ¿ϡºݤαѸˡȤϻƤĤʤ̣ˡȤĹǯҲ𡦼Ͽ褿Τ줬䤬إѡ󥫡¼ŵ٤Իˡ֤Ȥ虜ζ˰աפȤʡߤơγû÷ʬפȤͳ

̱ءˤʤפ

θζǤ뻳̱ءˤʤפˡʲΤ褦ˡ빽񤷤ܸɽФ롣֤ˤϡˤʤ α򻦤 īƤߤפȤäȸԡʸ礬Ф롣


ˤʤ ô ֤Ȥʤäơ

դƹԤ䡡
ʹ  

ʤΤκʡ

ޤλˤϡ

ĹΡͺѤ

դʤʡ

ʥꥷ



ʤ顡㭱फĹ

ܤξϤ
ȱƹ˻  

ĤƼ㽰
ոӤ˿ȤĤ

ĹΤϤޤѤ

դʤʡ
ʥꥷ



ˤʤ 򻦤
īƤߤ
줨ͤɨ  
äŷǰ
餫Ĺ֡
ˤˤ㡡
椤ʤʡ
ʥꥷ

Time and tide wait for no man. (зͤԤˤΰ̣ˡ

ͤΥ֥ɤǤ顢Τ褦ʸĽ꤬ܤӹ褿


ΩءΩؤϤޤ21ޤ160
Ω⹻214ޤ173Ǥ
Time and tide wait for no man.


αѸ Time and tide wait for no man.ϡзͤԤפΰ̣ǻȤäƤ뤳Ȥ餫̵֤̤ˤʤ(ĥäơˡפȤåƤ롣

ޤ˿Ȥ虜ŵΡзͤԤפιϼΤ褦ˤʤäƤ롣


Ƶ٤ߤȤäƥӤФ긫ƤƤϤ衣äȤ֤˼Ҳ˽ФΤ顢λΤ˺ٶ䱿ư򤷤ƤʤȡзͤԤ


ξ⡢ܸΡзͤԤפˤϤϤꡢ̵֤̤ˤʤ(ĥäơˡפȤåƤ롣


Hurry up or we'll miss the bus! Time and tide wait for no man.(McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbsˤʸ褦ˡδɽзͤԤפȤܸľ뤵ΤŬʸܸǡֵޤǤ衢Х˾٤㤦顪зͤԤ衣פʤɤ뤫ȸСϽʤĤޤꡢѸTime and tide wait for no man.ˤIf an opportunity is neglected it may not come again for a long time.ʤɵƨȡܤϤʤʤäʤΤʤˤȤUse an opportunity when you have it, since it may not recur.ʵ񤬽ä褿ϤȤ٤ȽäʤΤʤȤޤߤϤʤϤΤ顢ܤΤˤϡθɬפ롣


յ1Use an opportunity when you have it, since it may not recur.ȤʸưʼưrecurǻפФ˿ؽ¼ŵϤưˡ֡ʤ褯ʤȤ˺Ƥӵפa recurring nightmareʷ֤Ƥߤ밭̴ˤȤ夲Ƥ뤬ưϡ֤褯ʤȡפФη֤򤤤櫓ǤϤʤ䤬񤤤αʸξ䡢Leap years recur every four years.ʤ뤦ǯϣǯȤˤäˤȤΤ褦ˡŪˤϡ̵ưɤȤƤǤѤ롣

յ2ۥꥫλRobert Frost (1874-1963)
Time and tide wait for no manˡʸ³Ƥ롣Time and Tide wait for no man, but time always stands still for a woman of thirty. ǡϤƤʤǤޤޤϡɤ³Ƥ˵Ǥġ

ؽڶˤޤǤʤäơ

䤬йֻդ̳ƤؤǡƱйֻդȤƱѸôƤ˿᤬ȻƸաݥζػˡȿפᤵ줿Ȥ˸ڤˡۤˤ⡢դˤ¿ԾͻˤĤƽ񤤤ˡϤޤޤSFC˶̳ڶ(43˿԰٤򤷤ȤȤǰθᤵ줿󥿡ͥåȤΥͧǼĤΤä̾ŲΥۥƥ˹Ԥä
WikipediaإۡڡˤȡƵ̾ϸɽƤ뤬ǤϴƤ˸ڤʤϷ߷׻̳ޤǻġ۲ȤȤƤ̾ʿʪعݽءر˳ؤӡؤιʴĶءˤޤǼͿƤ롢륨꡼ȤWikipediaηκǸˤϤǤˡľǯݸȿεפȽ񤭹ޤƤ롣

򵯤ᤵͤ¸ߤΤˤĤפƱڶϰ̤ۤޤǤˡäɤФޤʤϤʧ졢ŷκǽ褫졢ļϤοͤζϤȰȤޤ줿ȡۤȤɤοͤˤȤäơ˾Ǥ𤦤٤ʤ꡼ȥ˾äơΤҹԤ뤫˸ƤϤˤ⹴餺󤳤˽ɤ˴ޤ졢Ȥ˳Ǥޤä

򵯤Ӥ͡Ȥ櫓̾ͤŰŪ˼ҲŪۤ롣ξ⤽ꤢäƤΤȤ⺣⹻ˤϡǽ餫Ūǥ󥿡ͥåȤʤɤüǼĤȤԤ¿ŷȡɤϾǯˡˤäƻ̾θɽʤɤϲ򤵤롣ݸԤǤޤơȷξԡɤξλ̾Ȥ餹ɤ٤ǤϿͤˤäưոϰۤʤξ⤽⹻̤ǯԤȤϸäƤ⡢ȽϤϽʬˤǯμԤǤꡢͤͤϤ뤫ˡ͡ɤäɿʹ֤ȳȤΤԸʿ

塢꤬ɤ갷뤫ΤʤǤϡäɿʹ֤ۤΤǤСȶ򤫤ʡɿʹ֤ˤʤʤ褦ˤ뤷ʤ褯褦ˡʬκŨϼʬ(Your greatest enemy is yourself.) ʤΤؤȤ̾ؤ̾뤳Ȥˤʤ뤬οʪϡǯԤäޤФɤʤ뤫פȤͤƹưϤߤʤäʥ꡼ȤȤפʤ줿ϤȤˤʤġ

յۤСīNHKƥӤ֥٥󥸥ݥΡפ갷äƤפˡƱΤλˡȵڤˡɻäȤΤΥХɤμ̿ӥǥ򡢸줿κ(٥󥸡ˤ顢󥿡ͥåȾˤʤˤɤȤ򤤤īȤǤϡθ塢̤ȷ뺧뺧ͤȻäȤʤѡɤƤ뤳Ȥ˵դطؤ̤ȤäΣĤȤǤƤˤϡּȼפɾƤ褤褦ʤΤ¿롣֤Фʤ뤳ȡפǤ뤳Ȥʹ֤ˤɬܤʤΤ

ߤΤ󤿻Ρֻɤ㤨פȤɽ

ͤȤ­褦Ƕ̤ΤߤΤ󤿻᤬μˤǡԤˡä鲿ȸäƤȻפפȿҤͤơ˼ä顢ɤ㤨ǤǤäƤ󤸤ʤǡ˽˼˿ʤפƤʽŵˡߤλȯˤϤȤɤȥɥäȡɤ뤳Ȥ롣ꥹȥåפ뤳ȤưפϤƤ
ɤ㤨פϡŪˤϳΤˡʬˤ»Ϳסʡإǥ缭ӡ١ˤȤŪʰ̣Ѥ뤳Ȥ¿θŪ˸ʤ顢ߤʪǻɤ礦 [ ]äƻ] פΥ᡼ƶ顢դŤ˿ŤʿͤϻѤ򤱤ϤʤߤˡĹǡŪˤθʬ˴طȤǻѤȤϰ٤ʤ
ȤŪʰ̣ѤȤƤ⡢ֲ򤵤ƤФ򤻤ۤݤפȤȤϤʤ椨ˤ
äơդɽǸɽ뤪Ϣ礤ʸο͡ˤǤ˻פ롣ߤλˤƤߤСʬʢˤƻҤ顢ƤȤƤζǤפȤĤä˸碌СϢ礤ʤ餽ȸΤϡƤȤ̵Ǥˡɤ㤨פĤ꤬ʤ顢ͥƤä˰㤤ʤϢ礤ǤϤʤƤߤλᤳ¹Ԥ˰ܤ٤ǤϤʤ椬ҤΤХХǤפ񤷡ФפӤƤ뤬ХɤƤ֤ǤԤϤϢ礤ǤϤʤϡȤΡ羭ɤߤλἫȤäȻפȷپʡɤϡ˲ơޤɤäɬפԡɤ¦ˤϤ롣դȤȤŻȤͤɽȤƤϴǤʤ

Rose Lesser Τȡ

䤬⹻κʾ358ǯˤαѲäϥɥĿͽǡѸ⼫ͳä餯40Фۤä⤤ޤȤۤȤȤݤä̾Rose Lesserå(19082002ˤȸ줿Lafcadio HearnʾȬˤŤܤƴơ21ФñȡɥĤΥ٥󤫤ֻդäʪؼԡΡ190347ˤ뺧䤬Ѳä򡢻κʤˡؤǥץ饤ˡʸŤˤ򶵤äˤϡǤΤµ˴Ƥ줿Ȥϡʿ14ǯ93Ф¾ʤä73ǯ֤ȤĹǯҤܤ򰦤ܿͤ򰦤ä

ϼ桢褯Mankind has only two kinds of enemies: Ignorance and indifference, at home and abroad.ʿˤŨ2Τߡ̵Ρפȡ̵ؿסˤɡ¾ˤɡȤ褯줿αѲäλ֤ˡɥĤˤ¿äơʤ˴פƺʤ뺧˻󤷤ơʤΡɤ򤷡ɤʤǤкƺͤιԤʡ뤱ɤ⡢ԹʤθʤǤСͤξˤʺ⤿餹Τ衣פȤ褦ʤȤ줿Ϥʤ򤯡ͤǾФä롣ϻ򸫤ФDzä⹻塢¿αѸ˽о줷Ĥ⸶Ƥϥ˸Ƥ


֤ХܻƤ1ܤϻΰ٤ˡ⤦1ܤϷ򼣤Τˡ

Ĥäǡˤ׷򰦤ºɤʤäƤ褯Ƚ롣ܤܿͤΤ˿Ԥ졢ⶶΤ򰦤줿餷˼㤭λȡ˴ʤȤäˤʤäȤͭ񤯡ĸؤ˻פäƤ롣
Ƕᡢ¿˶̣äĴ٤Ƥ뤦ˡɥĤ¿ˤȤ뤳ȤȯơȾʾΤι⹻ΥǤäƱ¿ΤȤפФ󥿡ͥåȤĴ٤Ƥߤȡ˴طʲΤ褦ʥȤ䵭Ĥä


Rose LesserϢΥȡ
http://jac.or.jp/images/rokusokai-121-8-9.pdfʼ㤭ΥȤ׷μ̿
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rose_Lesser(Wikipedia)
http://www.das-japanische-gedaechtnis.de/lebensbilder-a-z/lesser-rose-1908-2002.html
http://blogs.yahoo.co.jp/mako2050/61687272.html
http://ameblo.jp/6682754/entry-11435201177.html
http://jac.or.jp/images/rokuso-120go.pdf
http://www.city.agano.niigata.jp/machidukuri_jyourei/090808_gakusyu/sekigawa.pdf
http://www.city.agano.niigata.jp/machidukuri_jyourei/090808_gakusyu/kaigiroku.pdf
http://blogs.yahoo.co.jp/akihiko8015/63925176.htmlʥΤ©μ
http://blogs.yahoo.co.jp/akihiko8015/61492235.html
յۥ˴ؤ륷ݥबäʽŵˡ

֤हǡҤ餤ơפ

Υ߼ȤǤϡहǡҤ餤פ갷äϤۤȤɤʬƱʸη֤顢ˤȤäƤϱϰפä褦򤫤äΤϡμ[]פθĽΰ㤤줿Ȥ Put your hands up over your head  [under your knees] ̤γ Your hands up on your head[on your knees]̤γ Put up your hands over your head [under your knees] ȤPut our hands up to the sky [down to the ground] ꤷα˷ǺܤƤμ[]פΡספȤɽˤܤ
轵ϡϻ桡͡Ŵ Ϥ뤾פǻϤޤʸʾΡפ夲롣

յν񤤤֤ह ǤҤ餤ơפ˴ؤ򤤵롣

ꥹΥåݤĹӤդդƤ辰

risuعζξأǯνλҤ֤򤷤ƤΤФ̤꤫ä⤤ƤƤ˿֤ޥޡ礦ͥͥعǥͥΤޤưʪǸꥹγǤꥹäƤɤƥåݤʤˤդդƤ礭Ρס줵󡢤Фۡθ塢Τ줵󤬡̼ФƤɤ򤷤ΤΤʤҶȤ򤤼򤹤ΤȻפä񿴤äơοȤ並˷Ҥ뤫ΤʤͤϤɤƤʤ顢֤ƤʤפȤζϤ뤫Τʤ

ƱĿͤ褦󥿡ͥåȤǸƤߤȡꥹΤäݤäƤʤǡʤĹơ˿ӤƤǤͳ...סꥹäƤդդΤäݤƤޤʪؾɤͳǤʤäݤƤ...פʤɤȤä䤬Yahooηޤ˽ФƤΤʬäˤϡξԤȤԤμˤϤʤäƤʤ褦˻פ롣֤顢ɤơȥꥹɤʤΤפޤҤȤĤ褯ʬʤꥹΤդդοΰճפȤäơɤȡʤŪʰոȤݤ뤬Ϥꤳ֤ɤơȥꥹɤʤΡפȤ䤬Ĥäơòɤδݤʤ

Ūˤϡ餫ϤΤФΤΤʤ󤴶ĤҶ˸äʹͳȤƤϼΤ褦ʤΤФȶŪɤȻפ䤬ĤäΤ郎̼©ҡʤ뤤Ͼ¹ˤ顢Ʊ顢֤󤽤

Ϥ͡ΡȥȤˤοͤȽοͤƤͤ͡鿩٤ƤϤʤäƸƤʪ򿩤٤äƤ͡󥴤äƸƤ뤱ɤ͡Ȥ򸫤Ƥꥹ͡ΤΥꥹΥåݤûƾä㤫äɤ̿͡˼ʬܤνޤǿФơޤƤϤʤäƸäƤȤ򤷤Ƥ륢ȥ 򸫤ʤ褦ˤ͡򸫤ޤϤҤǤ⥷åݤûƺ٤顢˫ˤäĹƤդդӤΥåݤ򤢤褦͡ȸäơΥꥹ˺Τ褦ΩɤʥåݤͿ衣ꥹΥåݤĹӤդդơ˸äƥԥΩäƤġ

regretfullyregrettablyΤ

ǶᡢѸȤͤαѸˡǰפΰ̣ regretfully ʡin a regretful manner) ȡǰʤפΰ̣ regrettably ʡto be regretted) ȤƱƻȤƤ򤷤Фи롣Ǥ˱¼ŵǤ⡢ȿǤźƤΤ¿դҴʿͤϡξԤϻȤʬ٤ȼĥ롣

ȤС䤬 Regretfully, we cannot ship to P. O. Boxes and we apologize for any inconvenience this may cause.ʽŵˤȤΤ䡢Regretfully, freight and return shipping fees are not refundable.ʽŵˤȤΤ뤬ξ⡡regretfully ǤϤʤregrettably Τۤ˾ޤ
ƻȤƤregret feeling or showing regret ȤȤǤꡢregrettable ϡ(of events or conduct)undesirable, unwelcome, deserving censure ȤȤǡξԤϤϤ̤ۤޤĤ褦ˡ̱¿ѤѤΤ餺ˡ̤˻ȤФСϤĤδ֤ˤѤǤϤʤʤ롣ܿͱѸؽԤȤƤϡȤСΤ褦ѤΤȻϻפ

regretfully Mary shook her head regreftully. ʥᥢ꡼ϻǰ˼򿶤ä

regrettably Regrettably, Mary can't join us today. ʻǰʤ顢ᥢ꡼Ϻϲ桹˲äʤ

դȤϤΤܸǸСˡäⲡ⤻פˡäפˤξåƤޤäƤΤ˻ƤξԤGoogle˳ݤСҥåȿϸˡΤۤŪ¿Ȥʬ󥿡ͥåȤѤ夬ǤʤⰵŪ¿㤤ΤۤǤʤܸˡ̵Ǥ뤫ϻפäƤ

֤⤦ĥ򿩤٤Ƥ⤤Ǥפα

긵ŻҼܤ˿±Ѽŵǡ⤦ҤȤפȼΤ褦ˤ롣Ѥ롣

⤦ҤȤڤ⤦ġ
ˣ   one more...
‣⤦ĥ򤿤٤Ƥ⤤Ǥ
May I have another piece of cake?


ǰʤ顢±Ѽŵɽ˰ʤʤ顢ˣġone moreפƤơanother ѤΤ󤲤Ƥ뤫Ѹanother (piece of) Ϻǽΰڤ򿩤ٽäƤ֤⤦ġסʤڤܤȸѤΤǤꡢڤܤ˾one more ѤΤäơ䤬طإѡ󥫡±Ѽŵ٤ǤϼΤ褦˽񤤤

‣⤦ĥ򿩤٤ƤǤMay I have another [one more] piece of cake?♦anotherϣڤܡone moreϤʾż롣

伫ȤĹǯԻ˷ȤäƤ뤫顢֤ΰ褦ǷʡȷپʡɤäǼҤȡĤޤǤ⤽ܤƤŻҼҤ礭ʼҲŪǤ򴶤٤ܥ֥ǺΤ夲Ʊ±ѼŵθϤ⤦560ͥĶ

ֲֲǿͷפ

ֶ˻ʤɤ󤹡ΡӤʤֲǸʤ礦ϡʤ㤯ΤפǻϤޤ롢ƸءֲֲǿͷפʢˡȤϷ빽񤷤ä
˻
ʤɤ󤹡
ΡӤʤ顡
ֲǸ
ʤ礦ϡʤ㤯Τ

ϥޥȥͥΣФ

74e76bd3-s.jpgϲ椬ȤμƸޥȥͥ10Фʿ15[2003]ǯκ줿ʡʸο͡ˤϵԤ˲ƻٶ˽гݤƤαä©ҤȻͤ츤ץνлΩäɤޤ줿ɤ餿ʤäǽïä㤪Ȼפäޤ褿Τ򸫤ơϻߤ᤿İƻʤäɤʤϤޤǰ㤦ޥϾdzФ繥ͥϾdzФʪιְ㤦Ԥ٤ʤΡʥåߡˤԤϹǿ٤롣äƤߤɤлҤǤʤϤʤ㤦顢Ͽʹ֤ηƱƱƤ顢ƱĶβƤʤ̣ϹϤʤ㤦ɤäƤȡŪˤʤȤ˵դ롣줫ȹɤ˸ɤμƸݤǸޤǸƤͤФʤʤΤˤϻ䤬¤櫓ˤϹԤʤϻ˻ˤɤ򳫤ƤĤޥ󡢥ͥ10ФǤȤڼ̿56Υޥʱˤȥͥʺˡ

֥åȤȤƥפѸˤȡ

ƤʻˤϡͤϥåȤȤƥפѸˤȤɤʤ뤫ȳ˿Ҥͤȡ100ν¿θΰ㤤Ϥ뤬I chew gum for etiquette when I may have bad breath.Ƚ񤯡ʸˡŪˤϤʤȤСѸȤͤϡ̤ϤƤʤȤȤ
ѸüԤαѸ褯ʹƤȡϡI chew gum to avoid offending others when I think I may have  bad breath.Τ褦ʸ򤷤Ƥ롣ĤޤꡢåȤȤƥסchew gum for etiquette Ȥȯۤˡ¾ͤˤʤ褦ˤ=avoid offending others Τ褦ȯۤ롣åȤȤƥסchew gum for etiquette ȤȯۤȤαѸɽȸäƤ褤ʤߤˡѸetiquette ϡ鵷ˡפΤȤŪˤmanners ۤɤˤϻȤʤäˡͤιԵɤ䰭ˤϸԤθΤۤ褯Ѥ롣

֤äפ

ֱϤä֤ˤϼϺĹפǻϤޤ̸֤äפˡʤĮIJžϡ̾ΡĮIJŲ̱ؤȻפƤ뤬ºݤˤϤȿ̱ءɤΣġϤۤ񤷤ΤǤϤʤäФΤǡ¿Ǥä

ʸмҤβΡפαΤȡСʤȤޤӡˡפΰ̣

Υ߼ȤǼ갷äʸмҤβΡפˤϡ츩ǧʡˤαѸǤYoutubeư褬ޤ˱ѸǤβ⤬ˡϥꥫͤPhilbert Ono ᤬Τ߼ȤǤβΤαѤޤޤǡѸǤ¸ߤ뤳ȤΤäƤƱˤ뤽ǤϸʤäȤäȡŪˤϺͼƤäȸƤߤ

Youtube Ǥβξϥꥫ罰񥤥ΥпȤлҤλJamie Thompson Megan Thompsonʸߡ߽ܺˤȤԤäƤȤΤȡ

ܸθOno ˱ӤȡˤϤȵ˻פȤФ뤬֤ϡȸɤǤϤʤפȻפäսΣĤ֤˽Ф֤ʤȤޤӡrߡפȤĽΡ֤פαOno ϤθĽOn shore we see red fire, brings back memories.ФФϤäꤷƤޤ󤬡αѸȤФͤ¿ȻפޤפȲäƤˡϰ㤦ξΡפȤޤ[夭]줫֤ƤȹҹɤΤϤ꤬ǡȵƤ뤬פΡʤȤޤפȤϡäޤפפΰ̣ѤƤ롣졢ʸ̮äƤ⡢дߤΡȤСɤȲᤷơOn shore we see red fire, brings back memories.дߤ֤ȡפФ⤫֡Ono ܸΤޤޡˤȤΤԼ⤦ĴƤߤȻפäƤ뤬䤬äȤԼȻפäΤϤθĽ¾´ФĽϲ⤢롣֤ΡιˤСߤߤפιǻοϡäѤǤפȲᤷThis journey fills my heart with, intense happiness.ȤƤ뤳ȡΤܤ붹̸䡡ʤߤפΤܤ̸ȯꡢȤƵäƹԤפȲᤷơRising mist evaporates, ripples come and goȤƤ뤳ȡʤθĽ˵򴶤롣Ono ܿͤ褷ƥѡեȤʱѸǤȤϸޤ󡣸βλΰ̣ԳΤʤȤäꡢθĿͤβˤѸ줿ꡢʤ˹碌뤿ˤ⤤ʸ³⤢ޤפȽ񤤤ơԴǧƤΤȤˡ٤Ϲ⤯ȿɤäƸĿͤǤĤ2007ǯCDפȽ񤤤ơؤΡȼɤƤ롪

ϱѸüԤǤϤʤΤǡαѸ줬Ono ΤΤͥƤʤɤȤϻפ⤷ʤαƱΤΤȤӤСɤ餬ΰ̣ˤᤤɤȽǤǤ

յְΤ̥ϤѸǡʸмҤβΡϣΤ󤬱

ڸﵭ֤פɤǤϤʤϩɤȤľ΢դ뵭򸫤Ĥʢεˡ֤(ȥޥ)ʤĤפꤷƽ񤫤줿ʸϤˡ

ʸмҤβΡפ

b֤غפäơ֡߼ȤʤäΤǡºݤˤϣ֤λŪ;͵ꡢĤΥ߼ȤԤʤä˽ФʤϡʸмҤβפäΰ̣Τ礤˶ϫ褦ˤϡʸдϢλߤϢäơΰ̣֤⤤βΤˤϤǤ˸ǧʡˤαäˡˤϤФ˸ʤ褦ˡʬƬǹͤ褦ˤȸäƤΤϼ줿褦α˷ǺܤƤ轵ϡहǤҤ餤פ갷ʿפƸؤƤαϤɤ

1.
हǡҤ餤
򡡤äơह
ޤҤ餤
򡡤ä
μ򡡤
हǡҤ餤
򡡤äơह


2.
हǡҤ餤
򡡤äơह
ޤҤ餤
򡡤ä
μ򡡤
हǡҤ餤
򡡤äơह

عΡʸפculture clubǤϤʤ(³

ء⹻ؤʤɡعΡʸפculture club ɽΤŬڤǤϤʤȤ񤤤ˡΤȤǡγعΡʸפѸǤϲɽƤ뤫Ȼפäơָ򤷤ƤߤȡĴ٤¤ΤȤϤculture clubääͿƤ륵Ȥ⤢ʤȤС Τʸ٤ƱѸǤʤƸΤǤ礦رư٤ˤĤƤⶵƲפȤΤˡˡ饪ʸLao Culture Club of JapanפȸȤä줬culture club ȤȻפȡܤˤȤäƤϰʸǤ饪ʸ򸦵椹פȤ̣ˤʤ뤫

عΡʸפculture clubǤϤʤ

c錄Ϲ⹻塢ʸäƤޤפȡƤWhen I was in high school, I belonged to the culture club.Ƚ񤯡ȾʸϤʸפ the culture clubȽ񤯤ΤפƤ롣ͳ˿ҤͤȡŻҼɤ±ѼŵǡʸפȤθ줬ФȤΰͤˤŻҼ򸫤Ƥ餦ȡΤˡʸculture [cultrual] club [C]פȽФ(䤬äƤŻҼΣĤˤƱ򤷤Τäνϥߥ꡼ǥ󥰤ʤʤ顢culture [cultrual] club ȸСʸ򸦵椹륯ɤȤ᡼ˤʤǽΤۤ⤤Ȼפ⹻ˤʸפϤषan academic [non-athletic] clubΤ褦˸ۤ褤

ȤϤ礻Ǥ³

ܹƤϵ룴˽񤤤ȤϤ礻Ǥפ³ԤǤ롣Υߤ˽°롢ҲͤǤǤ⤢˷ѷǼĤ˼Τ褦˽񤤤ʹ⹻̾ѹֻϻߡˡ

錄νпȹ⹻(̸Ω˹⹻)ϸǤǤ٥ʹؤѻߤ̳ؤǤޤδݷ˴ؤƤŰȿФΩ򶵰̤äƤޤؽпȤζդ¿ްȤ˲ƤޤͤʴĶǰ񿴤ΰƤ褦ޤ󡣺ͤޤθƳĺޤǤ20ǯ;Ūˤпȹ⹻ζθȤ򿮤Ƥ褦¸ޤиæ뤳Ȥ褿Ȥ´Ƥޤ

ˡ٥ɤȤѸͳθ줬롣Ūʰ̣Ȥ⡢Ҳηޤ丢ҤˤȤʤפȤŪǰŪʰ̣ѤƤȹͤ롣ʸ̮ȽǤˡƱγعδݡ˴ؤ¤ꡢѸǸ ʳعǤϷ褷Ƥʤʤʤ顢Ѹ 硡䡡䡡򡡡ʣǣˡ󡤡󡡣䡡 ¾ͤΰոͤ򤷡Ť󤸤ˤȤޤߤǻŪˤϤδޤߤѤƤ뤫Ʊι⹻ϡ˸碌СñʤԻ˴Ѥޤäɤ¿⹻Ȥ褦ʤؽпȤζդ¿ްȤ˲ƤޤפȤդο¬΢դ롣
Ʊθ٥ɤѸδޤߤޤ򤵤ܸˤʤäΤʤ顢δݷ˴ؤƤŰȿФΩ򶵰̤äƤޤפȤʤϤʤդŪŪи̤˲դơ̤ϤݤߤˤʪΡ٥ɤȤϡδݡ˷ɰդʧ̤䤽ݸãʤϤϤʤΰոơɤǤ褷ŰȿФΩפʤɼʤϤɤƱΡ٥ɤȤפ˲᤮ʤΤܿͤλȤʸˤϡܿŪɤߤƤ뤳ȤϤʤϤ¿ġ

ڸﵭƱϤθ塢䤬񤤤٥פʸɤߡʬθͳǤפȸ򤷤ƤȥѷǼĤǹ򤷤ϤꡢȤϤ礻Ǥפλפ򶯤ġ

֤⤯Ȥޤפȡput on airs

put on긵ŻҼܤƤ˿±Ѽŵǡ⤯Ȥޤפȡ put on airs ǽ˽Ф롣νŬڤǤϤʤܿͤˤϤδѶ褯ȤؽԤ뤬ϲäǤϰŪǤϤʤμȤä顦ؽԤϤޤְ㤤ʤȤС⤯ȤޤʤפΤ褦ʺդܸDon't put on airs.ȤäǤDon't be stuck up.ȸ̤ۤ⤯ȤޤΤǤϤʤפȤǤʤ Ʊŵput on airs ˺ܤƤ give oneself airs ȤäDon't give yourself airs.ȸФ褤Ʊŵˤassume airsܤƤ뤬顢ǤŬʸΰ̣ǡ±Ѽŵɽˤ꤬⤢롣
ʤߤˡ֡ñˤޤפȤդʵä٤ǤΡ⤯ȤޤʤפϡDon't play hard to get.ȸФ褤
ǽput on airsϡäȸ⡢ȤСϤ⤯Ȥޤʤ[ʤ]ʤʤΤǤߤʤ˹Everyboday likes him because he doesn't put on airs.Ȥ褦̤ʸαȤѤ롣

Ҥ˴ʤä

μҤ(75ˤ˴ʤäˡܤä䤬أǯκ˽Ǥ˭ĮˡҤ̤äܲڹعäȤ顢Ȥʤȶ˴ơĤ礷ƤƲǹԤʤ줿󥵡ȤˤԤäƩ̤褦ǡ礪줵סβס餿סɤƽספʤɡ¿ΥҥåȶʤΤäǤѤʶϫä褦ҤβΤˡʬĽդŤ͹碌Υե¿Ϥ򴵤Ǹϴ¡˶줷ȤʹС¾ͻǤϤʤ͡ɤۤɤƤϤ䤵졢̾ͤǤ⡢ϡˤäȤǵäƹԤʤФʤʤޤȤ˿¨ҤΤ̽ʡ򿴤餪ꤹ롣羸

֤ˤʤפbecome a good wife

ϤˤʤפΤȤ25ͤۤɤΥ饹Ⱦ᤯μShe will become a good wife.Ƚ񤤤She will be a good wife.ʤbecomeפȳФƤˤ񤤤ΤȻפäƤΰͤˡ֤ɤbecomeȤäΡפȿ֤ƤߤȡƤꡢŻҼˤޤפºݤˤϡΤ褤ǤˤʤפȤܸʸǡФʸShe will make him a good bride.= She will make a good bride to him. = She will become a good bride to him.äʬϰߤΤñ=become)Ȥä3ܤѤShe will become a good wife.Ƚ񤤤ȸä
ŻҼˤξbecomeˡ䤬ФϤˤʤפȤܸξbecomeȤΤŬڤʤʤ顢ȤäShe will become a good wife.Ƚ񤱤Сϡ֡ɤʤʤΤɤʤˤʤפȤ̣ˤʤ뤫becomeȤϡˤʤפȤȤǡξϡɤʤפȤޤߤġShe will make a good wife.ˡ

ҤΤȡ

īīʹŷ͸סʡŷɤʤɤȡ½ȤƤ٤̾ΤˤˡҤ³θȺ̡ɤȽǤǹۤȽٻ뵭ФƤ۩

(άˡܻ᤬Ψ뼫̱ޤˤǧ᤿ʤȤ¿褦ҤФ³̤βäᤰ֤ǹ̤ۤϷˡȿȽǤˤ⤫餺Ǥ ‣ȿɤμĥϤ뺧ؤλҤƱΰ仺³򺧳Ҥǧ᤿顢̤ȤѤĹװ뺧٤ΰ̣򼺤碌²ˤĤʤ롡‣տޤƤΤȤɤ礭ʸȤ롣κҤλʤפʤ꤬ܤߤƤʤҤϿƤ٤ʤǹۤŦƤҤϡּʤ;ϤΤʤפפ롣(ʲά

츫ޤȤ䤫Ǥ˻Ŧˤ褦ˡǹۤīʹʤȤ狼äƤʤˡǹۤ᤿Ȥˡ٤βǤϺǽǤϤ뤬ǹۤκȽʤɤȤȤФ˸ʤŪŪиθ͡ǤǽտޤƤΤȤɤ礭ʸȤפȸϤΤޤޡǹۡīʹˤ롣ޤҤϿƤ٤ʤפȤǤǹԤʤ顢ˤ񤤤ȤΤ褦μŪޤȤ˼ܿͤϡǤιޤ줿櫓ǤϤʤˤ⹴餺ʤðʻᡦڹīˤˡɤȼպɤ򷫤֤ʤƤϤʤʤΤϤ᤿Τϲ桹ǤϤʤīʹιʸաAȡɤȤ̵طīʹν񤯤Ȥˤϡ̵طܿ͡ɤΡʤפʤ꤬ܤߤƤʤס񤯤褦ˡ塢ȥϥʡɤΤȤðʻᡦڹīˤΡŪ¤ɤĥܿͤΰͤīʹǤϤʤΤȤؤθڤȿʤʤޤޡܿͤͶƳ褿īʹμ󥿡ͥåȻκΤ褦餫ˤƤ롣顢īʹǤΤ褦ʡȤޤȤ䤫ʤȡɤ򤤤񤤤Ƥ⡢ȳáɤܿͤ٤ʤϤ䡢ܿͤϡīʹNHKᡢ椬ΥޥߡʺǶϡȥޥߡɤ餵뤳Ȥ¿ˤΤߥ˥塼ǤϤʤλ¤ƤΥޥߤϤ褯ΤƤ٤
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