2016ǯ02

ڸȡإ󥵥¼ŵ٤Τȡ

ǼΥդʤ뤿ˡŤƤ顢Ρڸ餤ս񤭤Ф褿ѸطԤڸȤ̾ΤʤʹȤʤȤͤϤʤƲإɥ꡼¼ŵ١إ󥵥¼ŵ١إХ¼ŵ١ʶˡؿ󥵥¼ŵ١ʶԡˡإ˥塼꡼¼ŵ١ʶԡˡؿХ¼ŵ١ʶԡˤȤä̾äƤ줿ͥ줿ԻԤΤͤ䤬κʤƤԻԤä

  ϡ䤬ˡؤǤֻդ˽Ǥ20Ⱦκ顢䤬Ѹ컨˽񤯤ΤΤۤȤɤܤ̤ƤơʬμͭפȻפˤϡĤ⤪ս񤭤뤤Ϥ򤯤äơξκѵĤƤ줿㤯̤ϤʻˤϡΤ褦̾ľɮΤս񤭤뤤ϤϤͭ񤯡Ķ̤ΤȤǤä

  γزκƲDz٤ä⤷ŤĢΥˤСʿǯ1989ǯ52021ĻرĻѥdzŤ줿61ܱʸزλκƲϥ⤷ƤʤΤ꤫ǤϤʤijزۤäĻۤäȤˤġʻˡפȡֲۡפȤդƤ褦˵ǾֿƤä򤵤ƤʤǡϻˡɤνǼҤ濴ŪΩǼλŻ򤷤Ƥޤפʹ줿κԽ紴ȤơؽҤ鴩Ԥ뤳Ȥˤʤ˥塼󥫡±Ѽŵ١1991ǯˤԽȤƬƤäΤǡľˤΤȤäϼΤ褦ʤȤ줿

ĤϡΤ餢ʤظѸ춵ٻʸҽǡˡػѸ츦ٻʸҽǡˡرѸ춵ٻ罤۽Źˡ¾ǽ񤤤Ƥ뼭Ϣε礤ܤƤޤ絷ϺʤȤƤ⤯ɾƤޤ͡ʤ櫓ǡ勞ϡ䤬濴ˤʤäƻƲǤäƤإ󥵥¼ŵ٤ǤԤ˿󤷤ȻפäƤޤǤ⡢ظǤפΩǻŻ򤷤ƤΤǤ̵Ǥ礦͡

ڸۤɤΤθǤԤȤƤͤˤʤäƤʤ̴ˤפäƤʤä顢줳ޤˡ˾ιפä̾ʳؼԤˤϡ̾ߤפǡʬ̾٤ʣβҤѤͤ뤬ϤǤۤɡԴѡդǤϤʤäޤ̾դǤʤääơڸˤϡ餽Τ褦ͭ񤤤äϳ餷ȤθؤꡦӤפޤǫ˿夲ơդȤͤӤθդȤˤإ󥵥¼ŵ٤ԽǤԤɤʤʤΤ¸夲ʤϲ꤬äǤäڸθ˹羸

յڸ¢ż񥳥쥯סḫؿ޽ۡ

cancouldΰ㤤Τ

a1˶¿ȤСCan I use your computer this afternoon (, please)? Could I use your computer this afternoon (, please)?Τ褦ʸΰ㤤ˤĤơCan I ? Could I?ΤۤˡcouldȤäƤʬǫʸפȳФƤơξԤΰ㤤ˤĤƤʾΤäƤϤ¿ϤʤäcouldȤС꤬Ȥ碌Ƥ뤫ɤͽۤǤʤǤʤ鲾ˡʤΤˡcanξyesȸäƤ館뤳Ȥԡͽ¬ʹƤȹͤƤ褤äȤȤФơȤTPOƤ

ĿֹդΤ

2ָۤĿֹ楫ɸտפ˼̿Žꡢطɤ֤κݡɤƤλλ̾ο겾֤̾ޤĤפˤʤäƤ顢֤ޤĤפǤȤȤ򼨤ֻǡפղä줬֤ƤƤߤȡ䤬1ɲäȤǡν̵Ȥ˴ְ㤨ΤϸǤ롣ޤ줿ƤνˡĤפȽ񤤤Ƥܺ٤ˤĤƤϸθҲݤ˿ҤͤȤäΤǡäݤơ⤦ٽľƤä̿;ʬä顢Žäɤ֤Ѱդ򤷤٤ϤݤʤȤǡĿֹ楫ɺ֤ƤͤʤȤ櫓Ԥˤ⤤ʹ⤢ʤ

յۻδˤ̾ϡֻ߾ơפǤ롣Ȥ39ǯ1964ǯ1ǯˡžȵݤȵڤϡֻ߾ɡפȤʤäƤطǤϵϻȤʤΤǿάˤȤäȤκäĢֱɡפǤ롣Ȥ졢뤤ϽȤΤ϶ΤǡۤȤ̵ռŪ˵ȤäƤޤȡƤνब̵ǡ⤦ٽľʤФʤʤäٽ񤭴Ȥֿͤ̾ɽ򾡼ѤƤơ̵ȤϲפȶӤʤ뤳Ȥ⤢롣ʥե饹ȥ졼̤ޤǻ³ʤФʤʤΤ˸ơ

dismemberȤưΤ

dismember̾dismemberment)Ȥư줬롣إ󥰥ޥ¼ŵ٤򸫤ȡ֡Τʤμ­ǤפȤ̾ϡ֡Τʤɤ­פȽ񤤤ƤˡʤߤˡƱŵΤȤȤʤäLongman Dict. of Contemporary English Ʊ to cut a body into pieces or tear it apart Ƥ롣äݤOxford Advanced Learner's Dict. to cut or tear the dead body of a person or an animal into pieces ƤơdeadդƤ롣ޤCollins COBUILD Advanced Dict. of English To dismember the body of a dead person or animal means to cut or pull it into pieces ƤơϤdeadޤǤ롣

餯αѸο͡¿ the body of a dead person or animal Ǥ뤳ȤǧǤͧ͡ʥꥫ50ȥꥢ40ˤ⤽ȸäʤξԤȤֻΤǤɬפϤʤפոˡ

ΤΡ㡧ꥹΡˤ򸫤 dismemberment ɤʤΤä¬Ǥ롣ȤС13˥󥰥ɲɥ1βʥåȥɻۤФäåȥɤΰSir William Wallaceξ礬ɥ1ؤպ줿 1305ǯ823ˡߤꡦ¡ٱꡦͤηפȤĵԷǽ跺줿åȥɤˤ¿WallaceΩġʻ1981ǯ˥ǥХˤ򸫤ˡ1995ǯΥꥫDzBraveheart ϤΥ쥹˱Dz

Ū˸ȡǡʹ֤μ­ǡͤˤϿ¿褦椬Ǥ⡢˼Ԥξ­դưԵդԤʤƤȤϤ褯ΤƤ롣äơŪˤϡֻΤΡפȤϤʤƤ褤褦˻פ⻲ȡˡ

յۥͥåȤdismembermentǸСºݤμ̿饹Ȥ¿뤬ĹʤΤʤΤǡƼȽǡǤǤ

֤󤿤ɤפαΤ

Ԥˤ羧ŹѥʥॸϢꡢ

١ʲԶʤˤ羧ʡ֤󤿤ɤפҤǤ뤳ȤȤʤޤĤޤƤϤγβλڡ˻α줿"Where are you all from?"ǺܤƤϢޤ

ȸäƤ̻ȸкʲȡ羧شԡԶʲȤȤ̾餪̾¸夲Ƥ֤󤿤ɤפι羧ʤƤͳǤꤹͳʤˡ֤󤿤ɤפϡγʺʤˤθζβΤǤ⤢롣򤷤פä衣夬Τڤߤ

̳Ĵ㷯Τ

֤͡ǵ룱ܻƱ˳줿ϢνűѰѰǡ̳ĴɽȤơϢԤ΢դʤäȤȤȤˡϢϡְְؼפ˴ؤäȤʸο͡ˤˤ¤ǡīʹĻܤ礭󤸤ȤֹݼҲˤ礭ʱƶͿפȻŦޤְְأ͡פˤĤƤīʹֺƱפ(ƻˡ

  Ĥϡο̳Ĵ㷯ͺΡξʤä֤ܤݤƤˡؼԤȤ̾ǡ16ǯ֤蘆ƤĤƤ˸ʿܤƤ줿ȽŹȯԤΡع٤ιˡ˴ؤ뵭Ҥ乻ܤôʤäϤǯομ̿äΤ©ߤγ̳Ĵˤ©ư褬롨ܸ㷯ˤ褯Ƥ㷯ηƫʬ˼ƿĴˤʤäƤ褦򤷤⤷¤

Ϻʤ69Ф

tulip1ʤʤʤäƤʤˤΤϺ6ܤĤ񤯤褦ˡʤФƤϡƤƱ褦ܤ褦˿Ƥ롣Ʊͤ˽ˤ⤦ȤȤˤϴƤޤäʿ21ǯ2009ǯ93衢줳1ȤʤΤȤ˺줿ȤϤʤһ˺ʤäС¿ˤबʤΤȤפФʤϤʤä⤯ɤۤɽ񤤤褿Ȥϼʬο򿶤֤äơ˹ˤäȻפ⤦餢ǤȤȤǡʤϻΤȤäƹԤäΤΤʤ֡ʤʤȷ뺧Τϡ˥ܥƥܥƥפȾФʤ鷫֤Τʤθʤä顢¿ʬΡf1ܥƥפλŻ⽪äΤ

̱޽İMK35ˤϸԤ˿ȡ34ˤμ˾Ѥ˵ڤȤϼΤΤȤꡣʤƱ̱ޤKEİ37ˤǥνäȤϻȤϹͤжˤˤʪȸäƤϤääơǽ餫ͷդȤƤʤΤǤϤʤȵ˽ʬʸư򤷤Ƥ롣

ʤMK˸ڤ뤳Ȥ˧f2ǤϤʤˤȤƺʤؤΰμ򼨤ˤϹȻפʬλҶ򡢤줳̿դǻǤؤºɤȴդεФǤ⤢Сʰʳν⤢˼ϢʤɤȤȤϤʤϤԥդ˷Ǥֺʤ٤뤤פǤꤿפʤɤʤ֡ƤԽİդäǤñʤԥˡդ顦޾ФƤ롣

ˤ衢ϲ椬ǰκʤ69Ф61Фμ㤵ǿʤ餺ΩäκʤۤФʤ顢ʤιä˿ο򤷤褦Ȼפ

ѸɬפƱ̿ýη

ǯ졢Ʊ̿ǥ礫顢ɽý񤯤ΤǰոʹƤۤȤϢäֻ֤Фäε줿ˡǤäȤϸζ𡢹̱ʤɤŪȽǤơܿ;ؤαѸ춵ȿФǤ롣丫ΰǺܤƤʤɤФ꤬

˻ä ޥΤȡ

Maron󣴽֡˻äδ֤140ǤۤɤñѸƤž夲˿ǼҤä1ˣǤΥڡǽ񤤤Ȥˤʤ롣ɤतΤΤϽ夬äƤΤڤߤ

 ⤦˻äΤϡ椬Ȥΰ5ƬΤ1Ƭޥ12СˤѤսȤμդˤޤޤ۾򤭤ȤƤݤߤƤޥˤ礤˼꤬ä⻲ȡˡ˦դȤΰ餷¯˸դȤ̵طˡ̿ʬ褦ˡ礭ʻäβ餷ĤߤǤƤ롣ĤMaron2äˤʤäƤðYäȡμѤκݡڽΤΡޥξ硢žܤ⵿밭ΤΤ餷©ҤĴ٤Ƥ줿Ȥˤȡǰξ;̿3٤餷Ȥդˤϡʤ򤽤˴Ƥ뤫顢ƤϤΤΡϤ궻ɤ줬äˤؤ̤˽Ф⤱ʤʤä³ơʳΰڤοʪդʤʤäɤʹʤΤˤäƹԤäƤ⡢򤽤ऱä;̿û褦˴

֤褷ɤ3٤̿ʤ顢䤬ΤȤƤäƤ롪סи᤿©Ҥϼʬʻκʡˤλ椫ͭξ椫ưʪˤ褵ʤΤ̤ơΤΤޤơ줳ȹƤ줿ۤȤ24֡ΤФ֤ݤߤ⤽ޤǤϣäΤīͼ2ˤΤӤͭȿƹ򤢤줳캮Y餤ƥɺޤ2˰ޤȸƤΤѤͤ餷ΤǤθѤߤ᤿ˡ

Ҥ椬ȶͿ٤Ƥ줿ͼϤäȿ٤ ̿ϴ2ָˤΥޥλѤǤ롣ΤĤߤʤäƤ褦˸롣²μԤˤ⤽뤽ޥˤϵǤֻ̡פȤˡͤɤǿͼŤ򤷤ƤȤƤȤ뤤ϸդƤΤΤʤͽǤʤθưʪΤ˻ϲ椬Ʊΰ򤷤ƤͤФʤʤˤޥ󤬸ˤʤäȤ顢Ʊ褦ᤷߤƤ밦ȽΤˤǻʤɤ򤳤ǾҲ𤷤褦Ȼפޤޥ󤬤ɤʤ뤫狼ʤΤǡǤ̾櫓ˤϤʤ κ뤫顢ޤǤ⻲٤ξˤʤ

٤񤤤褿Ȥϰ5ƬˤϡĤʩˤΡڤȤΤϡʡǤ졢²Ǥ졢³ڤǤ졣פθ涵ˤäܤ褦˿Ƥȡˡʩˤ衢ɤޥ򤪼꤯

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