2017ǯ03

ʥݥ쥪ȡ;μԲǽʸϤʤ

Wikiquoteǡʥݥ쥪󡦥ܥʥѥ(1769 - 1821ˤȡθդȤƼΤ褦롣
nԲǽȤդϥե󥹸ˤϤʤޤ ԲǽȤդϥեŪǤϤʤ
Impossible n'est pas francais.Ʊ̣̤θ󤷤Ȥơ;μԲǽȤʸϤʤסԲǽȤʸ϶򤫼ԤμˤΤ¸ߤסԲǽϾԤθơܶԤפʤɤ롣ʥݥ쥪褯ˤդǡ̤ˤϡ;μԲǽʸϤʤפȤΤ롣Բǽȸʸ϶򤫼ԤμˤΤ¸ߤפȤդ顢ѤäȤ⤢롣

ԲǽȸȤФϷ褷ƻȤʤפȸäȤ롣̤ˤϾ嵭Τ褦ˡ;μԲǽʸϤʤפȤΤ롣ƱݤΤȤϥʥݥ쥪ˡƱե󥹤γ̿Ȥǡե󥹳̿ν̾ǤäMirabeau 17491791ˤäƤ롣⤦ܤĴ٤ƤߤȻפäƤ뤬ܺ٤¸Τ

ʤˤα

iʤȸƤФ롢ʤɤΰݤƤĻƻ񤬤ʺ̿ˡ椬ȤǤ˴ʤŪ ˻ȤäƤΰФơ˿±缭ŵϡ clothes [dress] rack; a clotheshorse פȤͿƤ롣
ƱΤϱѸˤϤʤ clothes rack dress rack ȤǤ⤷褦ʤa clotheshorse ϤޤΤʪ򴳤Τ˻ȤȤ̤ƻʤΤǤŬŪˡ䤬ޤȻפ a kimono rack θ򸡺˳ݤƤ⡢ܸǤΥҥåȿ¿Ȥʬ롣

֤ޤåפΡ֥åפäơ

s£ǯʣǯˡ䤬ˡؤؤ˰Ҥƴ֤ʤκΤȤĹΣӶޤ࿷ƱνΤˡض᤯μʲǰߤƲä㤬Ϥޤäƴ֤ʤϣӶˡޤåפȸäơ֤˷ȡƱʤƤ20λ̳˿᤬ˡåäƲǤɤ̣ǤפʹƤ

ϡå츥פȤդȤˡʤïǤΤäƤȻפäƤ顢ľʤȤäդμդäƤ̣ǻȤäƤǤɤ͡Ρ֤ĮʹߤȻפޤɡҤؤθ֤ĸҡˤźƽФơմ뤳Ȥä褦ǤɡפȡäȡʪΤɤʤȤϪǤٶˤʤޤפƱä

ĤϡϤʤȻʤġɤλǤäơפȤϡʤǡ ϡ˾¤鲼¡ʡˤޤ֤䤹뤳äΤŤܿͤϡȰäơڤि˰ΤǤϤʤơˤǤס˴ǤפǤäơ򤹤뤳Ȥˤäƿ줤Ȥʤ뤳Ȥǡȶˤ뤳ǽȻפä

tokuri򺣤μԤϡ󤯤ʤ褦Τ椬ο͡Ѥ褿ʸפʡȤ櫓ʤȤƱʤȤǸСݤפΤΤοͤפȤդ˹᤿ʸס뤤ϡסʡפϡפΰաˤ餷äƹԤʤΤ礤˼䤷롣

ʤߤˡμ㤤ͤ¿ϡĤפȤդ⤽ΰ̣Τʤդϡʤ󤳤פǤ⤢롣٤褿ԤˡżˤΤäȤäƼհޤְռ򶯸Ǥ
ΤĤȤѸ춵褷ɼ졦ʸ乹ˤ褷פʤΤ

ͽΡפȡ;ϡפΤ

ΤȤ򤢤줳Ĵ٤Ƥ顢˿Ȥˤɤ夭Τ褦ʣʸ˽Ф路
лĻ⤤Ȥ䡢24кޤǹͤ˽ФƤ
Ȥ⤢ꡢޤޤֽв񤤡פˤĤƤͽ⤢뤫Ȼפ
Ρͽפϡ;פθǡȯŪʤΤ־ˤϷ빽¿ְ㤤kiˤϡ餯;פΰ̣ǡͽפȸ򤷤ƤޤäƤͤ⤤ͽפϡϿ̤ͽפȤΤ褦ˡΤäƤפФơ;פϡ;äƤꡦפȤ̣ȯŸơ˲򤹤ΤȤפȤ̣ѤΤʲ˰ѤƤ
 
✖ֵͽΡס⦿ֵ;ϡ
ɤʬϤˤƤ⡢ ͽʤʷ̤롣
ºݰŪˤʤȤȤͽϤʤǤ뤳ȤʤФʤ .
Τᡢǯ头ȤľܥꥹޥȤδϢ뤫ɤͽȤƤޤ
ΤȤС嵭󸡿ǤROCߤǤŬˤĤƤͽ⤢뤿ᡢ̵Ū˷Ǥ侩뤳Ȥ꤬ȻפäƤޤ
եȥʼθϲǤƥ೫ȯ򥵡ӥȡܵҶȡˤȸΩƤΥץʼΤϤޤޤͽޤ

✖ָƤͽΡס⦿ָƤ;ϡ
ƤͽϤǤ[۸̤ʡη²]
ξ塢Dzδ¸ξƤͽϤȻפޤ衣
ʾΤ褦ˡHeZemsigmaʬ˴ؤƤϤޤƤͽ. ȹͤ롣
顢ṾεˡƸƤͽϤĴαˤ󥹤Ϥ뤫⤷ʤ
ITȤƤΥޥۤ褫ˤ⡢ӤǤϤ䤹ܡɤΤƤͽΤǤϤʤǤ礦

✖ֺƹͤͽΡס⦿ֺƹͤ;ϡ
ǯꥭȤΤϤޤ餸ƤʤΤ ƹͤͽ
D4ץ󥻥򤤤ΤƤˤƹͤͽΤǤϡ
Wͽפ˹Ԥ쥢åסŻƹͤͽ꤫Τޤ͡
ľƻϩɤäͤäƽƤΤˤĤƤϡƹͤͽΤǤϤȹͤޤ
ӡߤ˰ߤȥꥯȤۤΤȥ졼ץե롼Ĥιˢ˾äƤޤΤƹͤͽ꼡ޤǤ̾ƤƤ餷. 

ΤΥ֥ˤפ̸तĤäƤ뤫Τʤϸΰ̣ˡ򤷤ޤޤĤޤǤäƻѤ³뤳ȤȤ⼫

punic faith (ؿ΢ڤˤΤ

rpunic faith ȤʱѸ줬롣punic 򸫤ȡ()륿 ()(奫륿ͤħȤ줿Τʤ΢ڤפȤ롣äơpunic faith ʸ̤ˤϡ륿ͤο«פȤ̣ˤʤ롣ϿƤ뼭ˤϡؿפȤ΢פȤ줬źƤ롣ǻϻפ
  (奫륿ͤħȤ줿Τʤ΢ڤפȤϤɤФΤ¬ˡϤ餯ޡ륿֤ǵݥʵˤκ椫˥޿ͤ¤Ф̣ǤϤʤꥹͤʬԹΰȡ뤤Ũդ򴶤뤳Ȥ French 㡧French leave, Dutch 㡧Dutch courageˤʤɡ̱̾ɽƻȤΤƱǤϤʤܺ٤¸Τ

ְñۤʤСˡפˡѲ

hꥵҤΥޥߥ뤬2016ǯ2˼»ܤͥåĴˤС10夫50˽1,696ͤΤñۤΰ̣򤷤ƤΤϤ鷺27.3ǡȾ48.9ϡñۤǤФ򿩤٤פȤȴ㤤Ƥ (ŵˡ

ñۤϡ嵭ǤѤƤȤꡢž路ݡζ٤˶ŤΤ뤷ۤ붾סʡع١ˤΤȤ˰ñۤݤ˿٤뤽פΤȤǤϤʤ

ڤ­פƱŪ˻Ȥ̤ʤʤäꡢȤͤäꤹСθդϻ졦Ѹˤʤ뤫뤤Ͽ˱ạ̈ղäƤΤ줫줬դν̿ȤΤܸ졦Ѹ졢ˡȶ˰̣ˡѲˤȤޤʤ

s٤Ĺդ礤פȤפƶۤΤȻפΤοͤγηѷˤʹ֤̿Ϥθˤʤ¡ʤ餯¡ˤŤ͹碌ΤȤפդοʪªΤ糢ˡǯۤդ򿩤٤Τ⡢ǯͤؤζʪǤꡢ򶦿뤳ȤˤäưȤ©ҡ˱ɤ򵧤äΤ̤줿;ʪɤκѤǤϤʤ̤˻Ĥɤ̿ϤѤȤͤΤܿͤˤϤäΤǤϤʤȻפäƤ롣⤦̱¯ŪĴ٤Ƥߤ

ͥɧΤȡ

wͥɧʤ錄 ĤͤҤ󤬵314˴ʤäΤϼΤΤȤꡣƱͥůϻƱ19ǯ1944ǯޤ7ޤȤ2ޤ줿Ȥˤʤ롣纬ǡϻǡƱˡƱۤʤ顢äȤȤƱθդʹ
αDzϡ䤬Ѹءظ椪ӼԻˡĶ¿˻ɤλä鸫ȤʤƥӤǤϡθ塢֤СֱƱסֽ꡼ס֥ɥ饤Сο亮꡼סľ̳ ڿͥ꡼ס֤ߤ䤵󥷥꡼סַٻģܺ9꡼פʤɤΤʤΤΤκʤȸͥ줿鵻ϤΡ餷ͥȻפä
¿¡ȤʤäƤơ¿¡פΰ̣ۣWikipedia ˤСܤǤ¿ξ硢١¡¡òϡ۴ĴϡзϡŸǡϷϤ7ĤεǽΤ2İʾ夬û֤ʤƱˤʤäȤȤפΤ
Ʊǯοͤ˴ʤΤϡȤοͤȸĿŪҤ꤬ʤƤ⡢̵ҤȤﶯ뤳Ȥ˸ʤ顢ĤޤƤ褤פ褦ˡ⤽פν֤򤫤ʤƤϤʤʤȻפäƤ롣ˤĤƤϸ񤭻ĤƤĤ羸

swim in schools ϡֳعDZˤס

sؤäƴ֤ʤκ ʾ38 [1963] ǯˤäȻפѸɤλ֤ˡȤäƤȤʸʽΣǤ They swim in schools. ȤɽФ褿θ to protect themselves from...³Ƥ褦ʤܤʵ⤢롣 they ϥĥ  (bonito) äȻפ꤫ǤϤʤζ᤯˺¤äƤ˻ҳΰͤϳعDZˤפϡԥγعդäƲΤ뤱ɡȡפȤ褦ʤȤ줿ϤߤʥȥȤ򤷤㳰ǤϤʤäȤǼdzǧ Ƥۤɡ school ϡء٤Ȥ̣Ǥ衣פȾФʤ줿ΤĤΤ褦˻פФThey swim in schools. ϤäơεϷDZˤפȤȤäThey live in schools. ʤϷ褹פϲͧθ

ڵ컳ߥؤν ǤϡعDZˤפϤɤФ褤

úפ gas water

sͥåȤú (carbonated water) ΤȤĴ٤Ƥ顢ƹܿͤΤ褦ʤȤ񤤤ƤǤ˽Ф路

I don't like drinks with too much gas" (úʪϤޤ깥ǤϤʤ
I love gas water." ú夬
Τ褦ˡgas" Ȥñ򤦤ޡȤäúȤդɽƤޤ͡

úפȤСcarbonated water Τۤˡsparkling waterfizzy watersoda water soda pop ʤɤ򤹤˻פФgas water ȤˤϤʤߤʤäDZѡơпȤͧͤض ˥᡼ʹƤߤ3̾Ȥ⡢Ive never heard of gas water.ʹȤʤˤƹͤGassy water? դäĤ褦ˡդѲ롣ѸпȤض̾ʹȤʤפȤɽ̡ɤȤϻפʤܺ٤¸Τ

ոΤȡĤε

cYouTubeưǤ뷺ʪ򸫤Ƥ顢ʤΩ줿㤤Ĥ©Ҥιʥ졼饤̤Ф褿ͻΥ졼ƤΤλư򸫤Ƥƻ伫ȤĤΤȤפФ

  ̤ϱȤäơʺξ硢뤤Ϻοͤξˡ¦ ˸ƲΤηϺ̿ʬ褦ˡȤä¦ʤ̤Ȥ ˲ͻ줿

   򸫤Ƥƻ伫ȤĤפФΤ37ǯޤ졨ο͡ˤϻ䤬ʪĤ顢ʤҤ㤯̣ʤɤ߼䡢̣̣ʤɤˤϡݤ¦ ˸褦ˤȸäϤͳ˿Ҥͤ ϡϻʤӤȡФˤ뤳Ȥ顢ﵯΤ衣פȸäԤʤˤϤȤϵդ͡פȤäСԤ˷ʤ礦Ӥ夻ϤդΡȱɤǤϤʤȺɤֵդ֢פȸäơ֢դˤ롣ʩ˸ޤǤ⤽ȷޤɤˤܿͤ¿
ʤȤפФʤ顢ưΰ̤򸫤Ƥμ㤤ͤ¿ϡȤ򵤤ˤʤޤޤʹȤʤ 

áʥĥХˡפȡءʥĥХˡפΤ

oǶθ̤꤫äΤȤФ˻κ᤯ž餷ǵ㤤Ƥ֤󡢤λҤΤФʤҤäȤȡҤФˤ70Ⱦ80Ⱦν󡢤礦֡ˤäפȸʤ顢λҤɨǤƤäƤ줫鼫ʬʥĥС򡢤äȻतλҤɨդɤȤȡ᤯ˤλҤƤ餷㤤֤Фʤơפ˸ä

ʤơפȸä㤤Ƥε褯狼롣ºݤΤȤŪˤϹԤäʤɤȤδط⤢äơ褷ʤΤȤϸʤʬä򻤤ʡˤɤȤνεޤ褯狼롣ΤϡҶžꤷƼ­ʤɤ򻤤यȡ졦ʤɡƼԤϼʬä򤽤λҤδɤäƤäΤ
äˤǽȿƤΤȤ̱¯ŪˤϤǤϤʤޤλ졦ʤɤáʷ򤹤СñաסˤˡĥХפȸäΡĥХפϲ֤ΡĥХءˡסʿʪŪˤϡΤΡĥХ(ˡפϡˡפΤȡˤ̩ܤʴطäơĥХˡ(ˡפκ餤ޤꤤ˻ȤäȤ顢ƱΡĥХˡפˤʪꤦϤꡢʤɤ򼣤Ϥȿ褦ʤΤܸˡáʥޥĥСˡפȤ줬ΤϼΤ̤ꡣ

gιꤤϡʤ礯ΤƤȤϻפʤäɤнפȶ졢ºݤ˼ϤζᤷԤäɤ줿иΤοͤʤ顢԰٤̤ʰ´ȤϤʤ
ʤơפ˸Ȥϡ޳ѤΤФʤ뤤ϤҤФˤΡադ̤ꤹ뤳Ȥˤʤ뤫顢ä̤Ǥ򤹤٤äȡ¾ͤλʤɤϻפäΤξԤԲǡȡդδطʤ顢äȤ˽ФˤʤΤǤϤʤ

ڻ֡͡áʤĤСˤդ٤Ȥɽפꤹ뵭񤤤ˡ

ڸͥǿϺΡ컳ζ⤵סʤλ̾ϳΤֺ˲뤳ޡסˤ򸫤Ƥ顢ƻžǵ㤤ƤФˤλҤȶ⤵ɤ̤η줬ФƤ뤽λҤκ­ʤ֤ʤäȻפˤ˼ʬäɤäƤ̤Ф褿

the greatest happiness of the greatest number ʺ¿κ繬ʡ) Τ

the greatest happiness of the greatest number¿κ繬ʡˡθդϸϻϼԤȤͭ̾ʡꥹůؼԡкѳؼԡˡؼ Jeremy Bentham  (1748 - 1832) äȤ롣󥿡ͥåȤ̾򸡺СɬȸäƤ褤ۤɤθդ¤ФΤȤȤ˹Ԥ夯
Bentham ȤϡϼʬθդǤϤʤCesare Beccaria Ǥʤ Joseph  Priestley (1733 - 1804) ΤΤǡ䤬ǽ˸ФȤǤϤʤPriestley θڤƸäΤפȸäƤ롣Priestley The First Principles of Government and the Nature of Political, Civil and Religious Liberty  (1768) ˸ڤƤΤBentham  Beccaria ʤ On Crimes and Punishments; ŵ: Dei delitti e delle pene ) ɽ򸫽ФȤǤ뤬˸Ť Francis HutchesonAn Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue 1726ˤˤ the greatest happiness for the greatest numbers ؤθڤ롣 Bentham θȤǤϤʤΤǡʾΤȤʬʤܺ٤¸줿餴

ȥ說ܼ

ǯ椬ȤΰΡɲáܼ롣ƥѡαA1)ƬɱA2)ѥ饤ե륨󥶡ѥܥ륹ɡʥ륹6µФ說ܼ郎̳դƤ뤫θ塢ܼ4ƬϢƹԤͽ ǯĹΥϥåԡϼϤǤ⤱ʤʤäƤΤǡ䤬±ޤϢƹԤȻפäƤ롣Ȥ©ҤƱԤϢƹԤäƤͽ
٤ϲͻԷʡưʪ󥿡ͽ褦ˤȤΤ餻ϤǯΤȤǯޤǤϥޥޤ᤿5Ƭ6說Ȥζͽͤǯϥޥ󤬤ʤΤ4Ƭ뤳Ȥˤʤ롣
塢䤬Ĥäλ٤Сʹ֤б֤ˤϤ줳ťκ롣ʰǭˤФŪŪʤߡưʪϷ򹯤Ĺ򤹤褦ˤʤäʹ֤Ʊˤ衢²ΰȤƻäƤʾ塢ǤˤϰǸޤŬڤݤߤ̳롣

ɥΥ饤Τ

liĤƥɥˤϲθϤξħȤƥ饤󤬻Ƥ12ޤǤˤϤǤˤä褦1815ǯˤѻߤˤʤäƤ롣äơߤΥɥˤ Lion Tower ¸ߤ饤Ϸ֤Ƥ롣40ǯʾΡƤ򸫤ˡԻ׵Ĥ˻פäΤ   
Ĥƥꥹͤ"Did you see the lions (at the Tower of London)?"ʹäꡢͧ͡οͤˡI  [Wesaw the lions (at the Tower of London).ɤդ˸äꤷ褦Ѹǥɥ˹ԤɥΥ饤򸫤뤳ȤήԤäȤȤ

֤ʤţѡפ򤤤

ikζҤΤξƤǡͤˤY׺ʤʤţפ򤿤äƲäʼ˸ζȤͭ̾ʽդʪȾΤεˤʤȤĤäƤΤ䤬繥ʪȤȤФƤƤäơƺäƤ虜虜äƤ뤳Ȥͭ񤤡

ζҤϡ齽ǯˡ䤬ˡйֻդ̳ƤζҤǡäƱषس˰ܤä褿ǯ˥塼αؤθ塢䤬̳ƤƸزʤرѸظʽβ򽪤ơߤǤոΩ˿⹻αѸ춵͡ˤʤäƤ롣ʲۤ餷ƤƤ롣դΰͤȤƤޤȤ˴򤷤

®֤ʤţѡפˤ̣ۤäޤʡ֤ʤפ̵̿ˤ꤬Ȥޤ

ϥޥ1

maaǯκ1050ʬ椬Ȥΰޥʻˤ12ǯ4̿򽪤ޥ󤬴ä˦פȻ˴ޤǤηвˤĤƤϤˤ˾ܤ񤤤

פ֤Ƥ⡢ˤƸäȤäơİơͲäơפǡȤʤ ƸääȤ⡢äȵޤޤʤȤäơͤǡȻɤ˽гݤơۤȤ⤢롣

ƤǤץ뤬ޥʤΥͥˤ򻺤Ȥ⸫µ򴵤ΤꡢǸ˲٤Ĥ򤢤©Ѥ⸫ĤޤꡢޤƤ̤ޤǤƤϸʸʤ˲İäޥȶ˳ڤᤴۤФϿԤ뤳ȤʤfxʪȤȤϻˤǤ׵᤹롣ޥ󼫿ȤʹƤߤʤʬʤϻȤơաΤȤƤʤĤˡ顢ޥФʤޤƤƤ줿ޥؤδդȡޥ򻺤Ǥ줿ץʤƤΥϥåԡˤФ봶դεˡ˲ᤴڤäؤδդε 羸

̺Ҥ6ǯФä

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246ʬ
 

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λ˺ޤ 

̺Ҥ˴ʤä¿γͤФ
ޤơǰΰդɽ̽ʡ򤪵꿽夲ޤ
ޤ²γͤФ
ޤơ￴ꤪ߿夲ޤ 

Τ²򤪻γͤФ
ͤΤ̵ǰȳͤοᤷߤ
ޤơ￴ꤪ夲ޤ 
ͤʿ郎ޤ褦
ޤơ￴ꤪפޤ 

 

ο̺ҤȤǵȤʤä
ʹְʳȤΤ
κΤ䤹餫ʤ󤳤Ȥ
ĤäΤʿʤ󤳤Ȥ 

T-f6
 

Ǥ˹Ԥä褿

ī֤ǤĤǤ˹Ԥä褿η줷󣱻Ⱦ̾ƤФƿǻ̤롣ౡ塢ˤեʷդ򥵥饵ˤ뤿ˤθޤ褯ʤʤ櫓̤򾯤䤹Ȥˤʤä¤Ǣ¤뤳ȤС¡¡˰۾ϸʤǺǤ찵ɤ⺣īη¬ǤϺǹ찵찵ä3ǯʾ椬Ȥζ˿ʰˤäƤơۤȤɾˣοФƤΤϤääΤԻ׵Ĥǻʤϰʸʤʤ

ǯ4˶۵Ƥ麣ޤǤäˤʤä ۴ĴʤKʽˤϡּ󤫤̤ΰդߤθǤޤפȹ𤲤줿Ʊ±ǤϣǯΥơôѤΤľʤȤϤäȤåʤ I ˼ѤôƤ̿βͤȻפäƤΤƱ褦ˡǽ˿ǤƤäơθ⤤Ĥǫʿǻ򤷤ƤäKФƤ⡢Ʊ褦ʵ³Ƥˤ񤤤Ǥʤʤ뤫Ȼפȼ䤷դˤƤߤС¿δԤΰͤ˲᤮ʤΤʤ̿ߤäƤˤƤߤСK I ϳ̤¸ߤ֤ʤפʤΤ椬ȤκǴαض᤯ˤ롢ĤԤɤǡ̡ɤƤäƤ鵢ӤˤĤ

СסָСפɤ

ưYouTubeǤߤƤ顢ʥ졼ޤסФ餯ơפȸäޤסäơפΤȤʤ饢ȤϡפˤϤʥ졼ϡפ򶯤äפäơפȤפ

ʵäΤϡ䤬ʥ졼ʹƤưήƤʸ򸫤ƤưפʬäȤθդФ褿ȤޤäƲ̤򸫤ơϾФäƤޤäˤϡספȤäϡޤסȤפǤϤʤ󤷤ספɤࡣ줾졢֡˼Ƥ뤳ס֡˼Ƥ뤳פȸ̣ʸܤdzФ̣դƤȤְ㤤ȤȤˤʤ롣ҤäȤơܥåȤɤޤƤΤΤʤȤդѤʤȤ⤢뤫ġ

ڸﵭԺߤ򰷤äư򸫤Ƥ顢󤸤礦򤢤פȤʥ졼󤬻μͤ󤸤礦סʸ򸫤Ƥߤפäפϡ󤫤פɤΤŪܸξۤΤϻ

8ܤγ꿽Ѥޤ褿

ʤ˴ʤäơ伫Ȥμdz꿽򤹤褦ˤʤäƤ顢8ˤʤ롣ⱫäΤ˸оäޤǤΣΤ˸줿Τ5̤˱ǹԤ櫓ǤϤʤԤȷƽѰդȤɤ櫓˸Τ
¡ХѥѤΤ30ۤɤĹηɤΤä­˥ӥ줬ĤΤ⤯ΤϤޤ®ʤϥӥͤơ⤤̳ޤǹԤä褿̳˹Ĺ͸̤äƤ顢ɤΥꥹ򲿤齦äƿ٤Ƥ 
ؤ࿦Ƥγ꿽Τνϡ˸¤꤬뤫顢 Ūñǯⲿδְ㤤λŦλؼʤ˼򲡤Ƥ館

͡沰ߡɤɤ

ܸʤȤ˸ڤưYouTubeǤߤƤ顢Τ褦ʸ̤˱ǤФ줿

ֺֺϡſιҡŷġˤܸȤƷߤ줿ֺдۡפ¦Фޤ칭Ϥϸǡ޽إ⤢롣

κݡʥ졼ϡפ夦ȤϤפȸäפϡפǤϤʤʤפWikipediaΡšפι˼Τ褦ˤ뤳Ȥ褯狼롣ʤߤˡʶ˸ο͡ˤҤ̾ˤפȤ̾դƤΤǡˤĤߤΤ
̾̾ˤϡ;դ鹾͹ٳˤơʣβϤͿ줿̾βߤˤߤӤȹ;뤫εΥˤꡢ岰ߡʤߤ䤷沰ߡʤʤ䤷ߡʤ䤷ʤɤꡢΤƹšȸƤ֡٤Ƥ̾βߤͭ櫓ǤϤʤ̾εϤˤäƤϡʤȤ䡢¾ʣβߤͭȤʤ͡Ǥä(ά˹šιȤƻѤ졢¿ϱ路ͤ׷ѤβߤȤ줿Ӥ硢;ޤǤεΥ϶᤯ϤϾȤ¿ˤĹߤ졢иܹ񤫤̾˽äƤȿäʤɤサ

֤Ϥפ򤸤ǽ񤯤ȡ

a˿᤬ԽѸνϸ콸įƤ顢give bent to ˡǤͿפȤ줬źƤΤ˵դϤͿפΡϤפ򤸤˽񤱤СפǤäơˤ褦ʡǤפǤϤʤܤʰǤФפȤդªơǡǤפȤΤδְ㤤Ȥͤ¿褦ʲ˥ͥåȾǽäְ㤤Ƥ

ȥ쥹ǤĤޤ
SNSϤǤȡ. ¤Ǥ롣 ȡ롣
ΤȤƥåפϡּԤǤˡפȤʤäƤơ٤ϤޤǸᤴƤǤפóݤޤ
ΤĤ̽Ŷ줷ʬΥѡƥƱ褦ˡޤζˤդƤΤΡǤ򸫽ФʤäΤ

֤̤Τפ򤸤ǽ񤯤

s1ɽδŪɽ򤸤ǽ񤯤ȡȴγ̡ʤפȤʤ롣פϡؤΤ̤פȤȤȴγ̡ʤפȽ񤯤Ȥ⤢롣Ȥͥåȥե򤷤ƤȡȴΤפȽ񤫤Ƥ˽Ф魯ȤʤʤʲˤƤ켭ŵˤäƤϡȴפƻȽ񤤤Τ⤢롣

►̩ϤǤȴγä
►ҥإ˴̿ȴγ
►αˤȴγǡȥ졼λѤ⸫ʤä
►Ťʪ򲼤ƥҥäƤä顢֤ȴΤ
►ī᤯ͤãˤʤäƸ˹ԤȥȥꥨȴΤǤ
►åѤڥڥĤ餷ʤ顢ƤäƥΥɥ򳫤 ȴΤä

ֱﵯΰȤʡפȸ

kܿͤŪˤ褯ﵯΰȤ[ʤ]פȸﵯΰȤȰȤºݤ˵פȿ롢Ըۡդ˱ƶ줿ͤǡܿͤƬޤäˤʤͤʲˤͥåȾ夫Ѥ褦

■̺Ҥʡ縶ȯΤ飶ǯǽϳϻߤޤʤǯϥХХݤͤФƤƤ⤪ʤﵯΰȤܤ줽⤦ïˤθϤʤȤ˷᤿ɤΤʤФä

■Ƹ뤳ȤϡϡּʬϽʤФʤʤ褦ʼ夤ʹ֤ǤϤʤʬιͤäŪ˶ʹ֤ǤפȸäƤ褦Ǥäǡ֤ʤ򼰤ϡȲɤǤΤǤפʹȡֻ򼰤ʤﵯΰȤפܤФ줿ʹǼǤγǰäƤʤʡȴȤǰ߷ΤǤꡢƤȤ夤ʹ֤ʤΤǤ

■ͤƲ٤ưĤβƤ˾äȤʬνŤDzƤ
ȴƤޤäǡƲߤƤȤȡդϡʬ϶ͭ̾դǤꡢ٤ϤäǹߤʤپäΤǹ
Ȥ褦ﵯΰȤܤΤǤ롣Ҷäݤ꤬򤤤ȤˤƱ褦ʱﵯôοͤΤǤϤʤȻפ

■Ѽ˹ԤФ԰¤ä
֥ϥפäƸʤ򰮤줿
㤭ˤʤäƤФ
䡢ʤƸää
ƻΩƤơ֥åɥåפƸää
פ衢ƤѤफ͡
֤ǤäǤǤǤ
ְ¤餫˿Ƥ館͡
ﵯΰȤʡ
֤ᤤԤƤ͡
֥󥿤ϥۥޤƬʡ

■ֵȲ󡢤¿Ȥͤ˲񤤤ޤ顢ﵯΰȤʤǤ˻Ƥ뤸ʤǤ⤭äƤݤޤ衣εˤƤȲ󤬺ݤ줿鲶ϤɤǤ

■֤󤿤ǤޤäȸäƤפ졣
ﵯΰȤʤǤ
Ĥ⤷ʤȤʤΤ˺ϤʤäȤ

■֤ʤȤо麨ޤ뤫餪ˤʤä餻ΦǻǤ衣ϤϤϤϤϤϤϡ
֤硢ﵯΰȤʤDz

ʾ㤫ʬ褦ˡܿͤϡԺդΤĤǡﵯǤʤȤ [ʤ]פȸΤˡ׹դˤʤäƤȻפ뤳Ȥ¿
 
keeptouchѸǤϤȤСDon't say that - you'll bring (on) bad luck. ʤʤȤʤǡԹ⤿餹⤷ʤˤ뤬̤ Knock (on) wood! ȤԱѡTouch wood! Ȥȸʤȶڡʡˤ˿줿ꡢKeep your fingers crossed. ȸʤ2ܤλءʿͺؤءˤȤꤷƤΰդɽֱﵯפȸ줬ʩͳ褹Τ顢ꥹȶʤɰˤϤԤäθϤʤ

ˤ衢 ԸۡդŰ줷ƤҲǤϤִ(risk management)ȤȯۤϴʤΤˤʤꡢŪ˸Сֹɡ(national defense)ˤʤ롣ﵯǤʤȤ [ʤ]פǡȻ׹ߡɤ˴٤ʤ褦ˤΤ

߼괺ʪ괺

ºݤ˵뻦ͻƻȤYouTube ưǸƤ顢ͭ̾ʽݡ˿᤬äοͤʤίޤä͹ʪĤƤԤĤȤǹԤޤפȸäסʹ ˤƤɽΤʤʸ̮ȽǤơϡʪ괺פδְ㤤Ȼפäʪ괺ס٤ʪ餺סޤǡ礢ƤפȤȤǡû ƤפȤʤ롣ѸǸ in great haste,  in a great hurry, immediately ʤɤ롣̾ȤT⼫Ʊְ㤤ȤƤ롣ʪ餺פʤ٤Ͼ夬롣֡ޤפ褤ʲˡ󥿡ͥåȾˤäְ㤤10󤲤Ƥ☛ʲϻΥˡĤȤͥƥ (ԡȤϸפ
ϸԤΡ֤餤󤤤פ󰸤Ƥ˼񤯤ΤǤ롣☛פΤۤޤ
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*Ȥꤢ¬Ϥص౿ӵסŷʸư☛Τۤޤ
*5᤮ȤꤢФΤͼ4᤮ι☛ΤȤꤢפȤ뤫֡ޤפȤۤ褤
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*״ƤΤ餻ĤϡФˤʤä¤ȤꤢӤ޹Ԥ☛ΤȤꤢפȤ뤫ޤפȤۤ褤
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